Dr. Crane Pols. 1101
After reading the chapters please answer the following questions to the
best of your ability. You will be given a quiz on these questions. The
quiz questions will be similar to the ones I want you to answer while
reading your chapters. The purpose of this quiz is to help you to learn
the material in the chapters. You must answer these questions in
sentence form for credit. The framework of the questions shall be
composed of the following:
Chapter 5: Civil Rights Questions 1-36
Chapter 13: The Courts “ 37-65
Ref: Civil Rights
1. What are civil liberties?
Ref: African American and the Consequences of Slavery in the United
2. What Supreme Court decision in 1857 held that slaves were not
citizens of the United States and thus were not entitled to the rights
and privileges of citizenship?
3. Know the Thirteenth Amendment?
4. Know the Fourteenth Amendment?
5. In what years were a series of civil rights acts extending full
citizenship to anyone born in the United States and giving African
Americans full equality; authorizing the president to enforce the law
with the armed forces; setting out specific criminal sanctions for
interfering with the right to vote as protected by the Fifteenth
Amendment; and making it a federal crime to deprive an individual of
rights, privileges and immunities secured by the Constitution?
6. What was the ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson?
7. What were the social consequences because of Plessy v. Ferguson?
8. What was the ruling in Smith v. Alwright?
9. What was the name given to tests that were commonly administered as
a precondition for voting?
10. What was the white primary?
11. What was the purpose of the poll tax?
12. What was the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka(1954)?
13. What does de facto segregation mean?
14. With regard to race, what is the status of schools around the
Ref: The Civil Rights Movement
15. On what philosophy was the civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin
Luther Kings, Jr. based?
16. Who influenced that philosophy?
17. What action was used to bring about the integration of lunch
counters, buses and trains?
Ref: The Climax of the Civil Rights Movement
18. The owner and proprietor of Bubba’s Rib Cage, an eatery located at
the confluence of three different interstate highways, despises
minorities and wants to refuse to allow them to eat at his restaurant.
What act or law is he violating?
19. What were the major consequences(s) of the Voting Rights Act of
20. What was prohibited by the Civil Rights Act of 1968?
Ref: Women’s Struggle for Equal Rights
21. In relation to other countries, when did women gain the right to
22. What issues did various women’s group address after the fight for
the Equal Rights Amendment?
Ref: Gender-Based Discrimination in the Workplace
23. What has the Supreme Court ruled on the issue of sexual harassment?
24. Currently for every dollar earned by men, women earn about
Ref: Immigration, Hispanics and Civil Rights
25. _____passed “English-only” laws, making English the official
Ref: Affirmative Action
26. What is the name given to government policy that gives special
consideration in hiring disadvantaged groups to overcome the present
effects of past discrimination?
27. What is the name given to the charge that some affirmative action
programs discriminate against non-minorities?
28. What did the Supreme Court rule in the Bakke case?
Ref: Special Protection for Older Americans
29. What is prohibited by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of
Ref: Securing Rights for Persons with Disabilities
30. What health problems are covered under the American with
Ref: The Rights and Status of Gay males and Lesbians
31. When did the modern movement for the rights of gay men and lesbians
32. What did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Lawrence v. Texas?
33. To who does the policy “don’t ask, don’t tell” apply?
34. Why was the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 passed?
Ref: The Rights and Status of Juveniles
35. What were the main reasons citizens eighteen years or older
received a constitutional right to vote?
Ref: What if Illegal Immigrants were granted Citizenship
36. What was the one overriding common request made by members of the
Hispanic community who participated in the marches in 2006?
Ref: The Courts
37. According to de Tocqueville, an observer of nineteenth-century
society, why do Americans rely on courts?
Ref: The Common Law Tradition
38. From where does most American law come?
39. What is the body of judge-made law called?
40. What is the name given to a court rule bearing on subsequent or
later legal decisions in similar cases?
41. Define stare decisis.
42. What are the sources of American law?
Ref: The Federal Court System
43. The United States has a duel court system. What does that mean?
44. What does the word jurisdiction mean?
45. What is meant by standing to sue?
46. According to the Constitution, when does the Supreme Court have
47. What is the name given to a brief that is filed by a third party
who is not directly involved in the litigation, but who has an interest
in the outcome to the case?
48. What is the name of a lawsuit that seeks damages for “all persons
Ref: The Supreme Court at work
49. Of the total number of cases that are decided each year, what
percentage represents those that are reviewed by the Supreme Court?
50. What is a writ of certiorari?
51. What happens to most petitions for writ of certiorari to the
52. What is the name of the procedure that is used by the Supreme Court
to determine which cases it will hear?
53. Define “opinion of the Court”. What is its purpose?
54. What may a justice do who agrees with the result reached by the
majority of the Court, but wants to voice disapproval of the grounds on
which the decision was made?
55. What is the name given to a court opinion reflecting the views of
most of the justices?
56. Why can a dissenting opinion be important?
Ref: The Selection of Federal Judges
57. Who usually suggests the names of judicial candidates for federal
58. Almost _____ percent of presidential nominations to the Supreme
Court have either been rejected or not acted on by the Senate.
Ref: Policymaking and the Courts
59. What is the name of the power of the courts to determine whether a
law or action by the other branches of government is constitutional?
60. What is judicial activism?
61. What is meant by strict construction?
62. Which member of the current Supreme Court was quoted as saying “the
Constitution is not a living organism, it is a legal document” that
should be interpreted “as it was originally written and intended.”
Ref: What checks our courts?
63. What can Congress do it disagrees with a decision of the Supreme
Court concerning the interpretation of the U.S. Constitution?
64. When Justice Sandra Day O’Connor announced her retirement from the
Supreme Court, almost _______ percent of Americans surveyed said that
the choice of a new Supreme Court justice mattered a great deal to
Ref: What if…Supreme Court Judges had term limits?
65. Under our constitutional system, how do federal judges get their