Dr. Crane Pols. 1101 After reading the chapters please answer the following questions to the best of your ability. You will be given a quiz on these questions. The quiz questions will be similar to the ones I want you to answer while reading your chapters. The purpose of this quiz is to help you to learn the material in the chapters. You must answer these questions in sentence form for credit. The framework of the questions shall be composed of the following: Chapter 5: Civil Rights Questions 1-36 Chapter 13: The Courts “ 37-65 Ref: Civil Rights 1. What are civil liberties? Ref: African American and the Consequences of Slavery in the United States 2. What Supreme Court decision in 1857 held that slaves were not citizens of the United States and thus were not entitled to the rights and privileges of citizenship? 3. Know the Thirteenth Amendment? 4. Know the Fourteenth Amendment? 5. In what years were a series of civil rights acts extending full citizenship to anyone born in the United States and giving African Americans full equality; authorizing the president to enforce the law with the armed forces; setting out specific criminal sanctions for interfering with the right to vote as protected by the Fifteenth Amendment; and making it a federal crime to deprive an individual of rights, privileges and immunities secured by the Constitution? 6. What was the ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson? 7. What were the social consequences because of Plessy v. Ferguson? 8. What was the ruling in Smith v. Alwright? 9. What was the name given to tests that were commonly administered as a precondition for voting? 10. What was the white primary? 11. What was the purpose of the poll tax? 12. What was the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka(1954)? 13. What does de facto segregation mean? 14. With regard to race, what is the status of schools around the country today? Ref: The Civil Rights Movement 15. On what philosophy was the civil rights movement led by Dr. Martin Luther Kings, Jr. based? 16. Who influenced that philosophy? 17. What action was used to bring about the integration of lunch counters, buses and trains? Ref: The Climax of the Civil Rights Movement 18. The owner and proprietor of Bubba’s Rib Cage, an eatery located at the confluence of three different interstate highways, despises minorities and wants to refuse to allow them to eat at his restaurant. What act or law is he violating? 19. What were the major consequences(s) of the Voting Rights Act of 1965? 20. What was prohibited by the Civil Rights Act of 1968? Ref: Women’s Struggle for Equal Rights 21. In relation to other countries, when did women gain the right to vote nationwide? 22. What issues did various women’s group address after the fight for the Equal Rights Amendment? Ref: Gender-Based Discrimination in the Workplace 23. What has the Supreme Court ruled on the issue of sexual harassment? 24. Currently for every dollar earned by men, women earn about _____cents. Ref: Immigration, Hispanics and Civil Rights 25. _____passed “English-only” laws, making English the official language. Ref: Affirmative Action 26. What is the name given to government policy that gives special consideration in hiring disadvantaged groups to overcome the present effects of past discrimination? 27. What is the name given to the charge that some affirmative action programs discriminate against non-minorities? 28. What did the Supreme Court rule in the Bakke case? Ref: Special Protection for Older Americans 29. What is prohibited by the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967? Ref: Securing Rights for Persons with Disabilities 30. What health problems are covered under the American with Disabilities Act? Ref: The Rights and Status of Gay males and Lesbians 31. When did the modern movement for the rights of gay men and lesbians begin? 32. What did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Lawrence v. Texas? 33. To who does the policy “don’t ask, don’t tell” apply? 34. Why was the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 passed? Ref: The Rights and Status of Juveniles 35. What were the main reasons citizens eighteen years or older received a constitutional right to vote? Ref: What if Illegal Immigrants were granted Citizenship 36. What was the one overriding common request made by members of the Hispanic community who participated in the marches in 2006? Ref: The Courts 37. According to de Tocqueville, an observer of nineteenth-century society, why do Americans rely on courts? Ref: The Common Law Tradition 38. From where does most American law come? 39. What is the body of judge-made law called? 40. What is the name given to a court rule bearing on subsequent or later legal decisions in similar cases? 41. Define stare decisis. 42. What are the sources of American law? Ref: The Federal Court System 43. The United States has a duel court system. What does that mean? 44. What does the word jurisdiction mean? 45. What is meant by standing to sue? 46. According to the Constitution, when does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction? 47. What is the name given to a brief that is filed by a third party who is not directly involved in the litigation, but who has an interest in the outcome to the case? 48. What is the name of a lawsuit that seeks damages for “all persons similarly situated”? Ref: The Supreme Court at work 49. Of the total number of cases that are decided each year, what percentage represents those that are reviewed by the Supreme Court? 50. What is a writ of certiorari? 51. What happens to most petitions for writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court? 52. What is the name of the procedure that is used by the Supreme Court to determine which cases it will hear? 53. Define “opinion of the Court”. What is its purpose? 54. What may a justice do who agrees with the result reached by the majority of the Court, but wants to voice disapproval of the grounds on which the decision was made? 55. What is the name given to a court opinion reflecting the views of most of the justices? 56. Why can a dissenting opinion be important? Ref: The Selection of Federal Judges 57. Who usually suggests the names of judicial candidates for federal judgeships? 58. Almost _____ percent of presidential nominations to the Supreme Court have either been rejected or not acted on by the Senate. Ref: Policymaking and the Courts 59. What is the name of the power of the courts to determine whether a law or action by the other branches of government is constitutional? 60. What is judicial activism? 61. What is meant by strict construction? 62. Which member of the current Supreme Court was quoted as saying “the Constitution is not a living organism, it is a legal document” that should be interpreted “as it was originally written and intended.” Ref: What checks our courts? 63. What can Congress do it disagrees with a decision of the Supreme Court concerning the interpretation of the U.S. Constitution? 64. When Justice Sandra Day O’Connor announced her retirement from the Supreme Court, almost _______ percent of Americans surveyed said that the choice of a new Supreme Court justice mattered a great deal to them? Ref: What if…Supreme Court Judges had term limits? 65. Under our constitutional system, how do federal judges get their positions?
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