MASS LAYOFFS IN JANUARY 2009

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Bureau of Labor Statistics
Technical information: (202) 691-6392 http://www.bls.gov/mls/ Media contact: (202) 691-5902

United States Department of Labor Washington, D.C. 20212
USDL 09-0185 For release: 10:00 A.M. (EST) Wednesday, February 25, 2009

MASS LAYOFFS IN JANUARY 2009 Employers took 2,227 mass layoff actions in January that resulted in the separation of 237,902 workers, seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today. Each action involved at least 50 persons from a single employer. The number of mass layoff events in January decreased by 48 from the prior month, while the number of associated initial claims increased by 11,785. Over the year, the number of mass layoff events increased by 751, and the number of associated initial claims increased by 88,834. In January, 738 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 102,577 initial claims. Over the month, mass layoff events in manufacturing decreased by 133, and initial claims decreased by 2,825. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Mass layoff events, seasonally adjusted, February 2004-January 2009 Events 3,000 2,500 2,000 Total 1,500 1,000 Private nonfarm 500 0
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Chart 2. Mass layoff initial claims, seasonally adjusted, February 2004-January 2009 Claims 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 Total

Manufacturing 50,000 0

Private nonfarm

Manufacturing

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

During the 14 months from December 2007 through January 2009, the total number of mass layoff events (seasonally adjusted) was 25,712, and the number of initial claims (seasonally adjusted) was 2,632,336. (December 2007 was the start of a recession as designated by the National Bureau of Economic Research.) The national unemployment rate was 7.6 percent in January 2009, seasonally adjusted, up from 7.2 percent the prior month and from 4.9 percent a year earlier. In January, total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 598,000 over the month and by 3,500,000 from a year earlier.

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Table A. Industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims in January 2009 Industry Temporary help services ...................................... School and employee bus transportation ............. Light truck and utility vehicle manufacturing ..... Professional employer organizations ................... Automobile manufacturing .................................. Hotels and motels, except casino hotels .............. Motion picture and video production .................. Discount department stores ................................. All other motor vehicle parts manufacturing ....... All other plastics product manufacturing ............ Initial claims 25,467 12,071 11,404 11,345 7,770 6,592 6,020 5,561 5,397 4,478 January peak Year Initial claims 1998 2005 2009 2009 2001 2009 1998 2004 2009 2009 26,224 14,526 11,404 11,345 21,093 6,592 12,038 6,063 5,397 4,478

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted) The number of mass layoff events in January was 3,806 on a not seasonally adjusted basis; the number of associated initial claims was 388,813. (See table 2.) Average weekly layoff events rose from 412 in January 2008 to 761 in January 2009, and average weekly initial claimants more than doubled from 38,626 to 77,763. This year, both average weekly events and initial claimants reached their highest January levels in program history (with data available back to 1996). Eleven major industry sectors reported program highs in terms of average weekly initial claimants for the month of January—mining; manufacturing; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; and accommodation and food services. The manufacturing sector accounted for 38 percent of all mass layoff events and 44 percent of initial claims filed in January 2009; a year earlier, manufacturing made up 30 percent of events and 35 percent of initial claims. This January, the number of manufacturing claimants was greatest in transportation equipment (57,173) and machinery (14,120). (See table 3.) The administrative and waste services industry accounted for 12 percent of mass layoff events and associated initial claims during the month. The six-digit NAICS industry with the largest number of initial claims was temporary help services (25,467). Among the 10 industries with the highest levels of initial claims, 5 reached program highs for the month of January—all other plastics product manufacturing; light truck and utility vehicle manufacturing; all other motor vehicle parts manufacturing; professional employer organizations; and hotels and motels, except casino hotels. (See table A.) Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Of the 4 census regions, the South registered the highest number of initial claims in January due to mass layoffs (115,630), followed by the Midwest (114,195), the West (81,846), and the Northeast (77,142). (See table 5.) Average weekly initial claims associated with mass layoffs increased over the year in all 4 regions, with the South (+14,934) and the Midwest (+12,282) experiencing the largest

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increases. In 2009, the Northeast, Midwest, and the South regions reported their highest January levels of average weekly initial claims in program history. Of the 9 geographic divisions, the East North Central (93,852) had the highest number of initial claims due to mass layoffs in January, followed by the Pacific (69,189) and the Middle Atlantic (68,728). (See table 5.) All divisions experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly initial claims, led by the East North Central (+10,279) and the South Atlantic (+7,779). This year, 6 of the 9 divisions reached January program highs in terms of average weekly initial claims—New England, Middle Atlantic, East North Central, South Atlantic, West South Central, and Mountain. California recorded the highest number of initial claims filed due to mass layoff events in January with 54,153. The states with the next highest number of mass layoff initial claims were New York (31,893), Pennsylvania (29,656), and Ohio (27,971). (See table 6.) In 2009, 18 states reached program highs in average weekly initial claims for the month of January—Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Montana, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, and West Virginia. Forty-eight states registered over-the-year increases in average weekly initial claims associated with mass layoffs, led by Michigan (+3,540), Pennsylvania (+3,520), and Ohio (+3,256). Note The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more information on the industry classification and location of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers. Because monthly figures include short-term layoffs of 30 days or less, the sum of the figures for the 3 months in a quarter will be higher than the quarterly figure for mass layoffs of more than 30 days. (See table 4.) See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions. ______________________________

The report on Mass Layoffs in February 2009 is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 20.

Technical Note
The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federalstate program that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing, and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected. States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis. A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that month. All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the first day of the month falls on Saturday. In this case, the week is included in the prior month's tabulations. This means that some months will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks, the number of weeks in a given month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year may vary. Therefore, analysis of over-the-month and over-the-year change in not seasonally adjusted series should take this calendar effect into consideration. The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995, monthly layoff statistics were not available. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1-800877-8339. ployment to initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or period of eligibility. Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of duration.

Seasonal adjustment
Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm, and manufacturing sectors. Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year. The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions and contractions. The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12ARIMA seasonal adjustment method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data. Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data, a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in one year and 4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These effects are modeled in the X-12ARIMA program and are permanently removed from the final seasonally adjusted series.

Definitions
Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unem-

Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, February 2005 to January 2009, seasonally adjusted
Total Date Events Initial claimants Private nonfarm Events Initial claimants Manufacturing Events Initial claimants

2005 February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2006 January ........................................................ February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2007 January ........................................................ February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2008 January ........................................................ February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2009 January ........................................................

1,087 1,204 1,244 1,264 1,196 1,241 1,143 2,250 1,109 1,162 1,263 1,112 960 1,078 1,198 1,132 1,156 1,204 1,278 1,167 1,195 1,209 1,201 1,261 1,240 1,261 1,281 1,200 1,256 1,288 1,262 1,279 1,346 1,352 1,469 1,476 1,669 1,585 1,344 1,701 1,717 1,535 1,887 2,290 2,204 2,333 2,275 2,227

117,129 129,993 134,425 137,475 126,416 130,331 125,536 296,913 111,202 113,502 136,751 111,601 104,045 118,270 123,674 116,808 124,955 123,172 136,289 124,083 121,439 131,459 133,311 129,190 134,524 129,480 130,263 119,259 132,078 131,556 125,334 125,527 133,514 143,419 145,916 149,068 183,038 161,497 135,352 180,558 174,748 152,499 188,951 240,721 230,330 225,639 226,117 237,902

964 1,056 1,111 1,121 1,082 1,094 1,000 2,035 991 1,027 1,135 986 872 976 1,062 1,013 1,044 1,077 1,117 1,054 1,081 1,096 1,100 1,116 1,130 1,151 1,145 1,097 1,138 1,182 1,162 1,183 1,224 1,233 1,354 1,350 1,532 1,471 1,215 1,563 1,561 1,390 1,735 2,114 2,042 2,185 2,100 2,070

106,399 119,466 123,958 124,468 117,568 117,510 113,465 252,291 102,111 102,058 125,700 102,359 96,317 109,842 113,849 106,743 115,491 113,324 125,064 115,451 112,777 122,136 124,019 118,890 126,105 120,923 119,683 111,585 122,726 123,322 117,557 118,917 124,666 134,445 136,914 139,076 172,013 151,550 125,074 170,538 162,071 141,239 178,479 226,492 216,095 213,288 212,559 225,490

350 368 396 397 367 354 342 420 320 325 358 293 317 320 366 312 356 381 376 390 401 402 369 406 404 407 381 368 356 405 331 440 436 408 447 435 526 483 487 538 555 455 626 643 687 868 871 738

42,747 52,667 60,052 54,998 58,003 46,056 47,255 55,974 43,387 41,493 46,940 35,390 41,810 48,026 50,747 42,958 45,280 50,109 60,524 46,470 53,597 57,084 51,113 55,341 58,861 52,356 45,654 48,682 41,135 53,318 36,577 54,006 57,527 56,330 56,152 56,579 67,235 65,252 63,247 75,520 79,744 57,648 80,913 86,617 92,256 100,643 105,402 102,577

Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, February 2005 to January 2009, not seasonally adjusted
Total Date Events Initial claimants Private nonfarm Events Initial claimants Manufacturing Events Initial claimants

2005 February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2006 January ........................................................ February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2007 January ........................................................ February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2008 January ........................................................ February ...................................................... March ........................................................... April .............................................................. May .............................................................. June ............................................................. July .............................................................. August .......................................................... September ................................................... October ........................................................ November .................................................... December .................................................... 2009 January ........................................................

810 806 1,373 986 1,157 1,981 645 1,662 905 1,254 2,323 1,245 719 921 1,140 872 1,489 1,511 708 865 964 1,315 2,249 1,407 935 1,082 1,219 923 1,599 1,599 963 717 1,083 1,799 2,167 1,647 1,269 1,089 1,272 1,552 1,622 1,891 1,427 1,292 2,125 2,574 3,377 3,806

74,644 88,937 158,582 101,358 120,463 244,216 67,582 213,281 91,941 116,127 254,258 117,946 66,555 111,838 121,589 84,809 164,761 166,857 72,844 87,699 98,804 136,186 254,503 134,984 86,696 123,974 127,444 85,816 172,810 175,419 93,458 67,385 108,455 198,220 224,214 154,503 119,508 114,541 130,810 159,471 166,742 200,382 139,999 129,586 221,784 241,589 351,305 388,813

722 733 1,263 891 941 1,745 598 1,505 757 1,079 2,168 1,123 658 856 1,038 794 1,224 1,335 656 785 820 1,172 2,126 1,263 861 1,015 1,115 856 1,318 1,450 908 667 929 1,593 2,071 1,520 1,178 1,039 1,172 1,438 1,315 1,687 1,343 1,202 1,917 2,389 3,232 3,633

68,372 83,793 148,133 93,332 103,307 222,377 63,484 179,042 80,694 102,182 242,753 108,701 62,208 106,177 112,964 78,663 140,687 154,342 69,054 81,274 88,133 125,009 244,783 124,475 82,097 118,431 118,040 81,153 148,669 164,939 88,345 64,026 97,716 181,184 216,898 144,191 113,587 110,147 121,625 150,462 140,916 186,018 133,146 122,505 205,553 226,657 340,220 375,293

230 246 395 249 216 856 188 318 249 363 706 331 210 285 296 192 319 648 203 296 311 455 735 456 273 367 309 224 313 684 220 246 338 514 699 488 361 333 394 388 309 760 414 361 689 997 1,378 1,461

24,931 33,030 59,129 30,424 32,783 136,210 22,531 47,497 37,276 41,442 96,382 35,097 24,892 44,688 39,538 23,570 41,095 96,152 28,494 39,076 46,737 58,473 105,462 53,615 36,170 49,886 35,229 26,527 36,571 101,390 23,361 29,381 50,918 75,413 91,754 54,418 42,527 43,740 48,188 51,698 42,097 108,733 51,912 46,391 100,457 107,620 172,529 172,757

Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance
Mass layoff events Industry January 2008 Seasonally adjusted Total .............................................................. Total, private nonfarm ....................................... Manufacturing ................................................. Not seasonally adjusted Total ............................................................ Total, private ....................................................... Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ......... Total, private nonfarm ....................................... Mining .............................................................. Utilities ............................................................. Construction .................................................... Manufacturing ................................................. Food ............................................................ Beverage and tobacco products ................. Textile mills ................................................. Textile product mills .................................... Apparel ........................................................ Leather and allied products ......................... Wood products ............................................ Paper ........................................................... Printing and related support activities ......... Petroleum and coal products ...................... Chemicals ................................................... Plastics and rubber products ....................... Nonmetallic mineral products ...................... Primary metals ............................................ Fabricated metal products ........................... Machinery .................................................... Computer and electronic products .............. Electrical equipment and appliances ........... Transportation equipment ........................... Furniture and related products .................... Miscellaneous manufacturing ...................... Wholesale trade .............................................. Retail trade ...................................................... Transportation and warehousing ..................... Information ...................................................... Finance and insurance .................................... Real estate and rental and leasing .................. Professional and technical services ................ Management of companies and enterprises ... Administrative and waste services .................. Educational services ....................................... Health care and social assistance ................... Arts, entertainment, and recreation ................. Accommodation and food services ................. Other services, except public administration ... Unclassified .................................................... Government ........................................................ Federal ............................................................ State ................................................................ Local ................................................................
1 2

Initial claimants for unemployment insurance January 2009 January 2008 November 2008 December 2008 January 2009

November 2008

December 2008

1,476 1,350 435

2,333 2,185 868

2,275 2,100 871

2,227 2,070 738

149,068 139,076 56,579

225,639 213,288 100,643

226,117 212,559 105,402

237,902 225,490 102,577

1

1,647 1,592 72 1,520 8 (2) 198 488 57 7 13 8 17 (2) 46 6 11 (2) 10 37 38 16 40 23 18 7 86 34 9 30 119 124 43 50 8 41 (2) 232 7 27 38 88 13 – 55 13 9 33

2,574 2,502 113 2,389 22 3 382 997 71 9 19 10 16 3 93 28 14 11 20 74 55 74 104 62 40 27 190 55 22 65 155 99 48 48 18 66 10 280 5 33 33 115 10 – 72 11 21 40

3,377 3,278 46 3,232 43 6 544 1,378 77 12 44 7 22 4 86 34 20 12 23 136 89 83 145 75 53 51 352 37 16 60 142 196 71 40 16 76 17 348 11 36 23 199 24 2 99 10 19 70

3,806 3,709 76 3,633 50 (2) 388 1,461 84 6 35 19 33 6 104 38 38 8 26 110 56 98 151 121 76 53 316 48 35 86 329 236 69 88 26 87 (2) 473 14 41 49 197 25 1 97 13 25 59

154,503 148,901 4,710 144,191 550 (2) 13,532 54,418 5,024 531 1,258 950 1,630 (2) 4,780 469 766 (2) 898 2,855 2,602 1,491 3,144 2,901 1,222 784 17,920 4,127 721 2,848 12,839 13,031 4,668 4,285 462 3,829 (2) 20,639 851 1,767 2,445 6,064 1,381 – 5,602 1,106 804 3,692

241,589 235,560 8,903 226,657 2,004 332 29,775 107,620 7,123 620 2,558 669 1,783 270 9,439 2,645 1,527 929 2,042 7,013 4,937 7,813 8,905 9,019 3,592 2,891 25,042 6,716 2,087 4,779 13,429 7,749 5,390 3,591 1,084 6,695 656 26,341 365 2,775 2,642 10,682 748 – 6,029 860 1,797 3,372

351,305 343,963 3,743 340,220 4,191 355 40,579 172,529 7,797 1,222 4,725 672 2,479 800 8,465 4,384 1,904 1,124 2,046 14,215 9,104 8,558 12,576 7,531 5,245 9,049 64,336 4,764 1,533 5,374 12,104 22,751 9,138 2,998 1,382 6,280 2,433 31,069 634 2,626 1,503 22,312 1,821 141 7,342 1,011 1,296 5,035

388,813 380,158 4,865 375,293 4,538 (2) 27,762 172,757 8,083 511 4,322 2,811 3,189 504 9,870 3,977 4,187 515 1,883 11,156 4,441 9,660 13,746 14,120 6,747 5,807 57,173 6,928 3,127 7,612 33,622 25,081 9,405 7,683 1,870 7,032 (2) 46,646 1,952 4,279 4,421 17,360 2,155 49 8,655 1,302 2,155 5,198

Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia. Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards. NOTE: Dash represents zero.

Table 4. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, January 2007 to January 2009, not seasonally adjusted
Private nonfarm Total mass layoffs Date Events 2007 January ...................................... February .................................... March ......................................... First Quarter ............................... April ............................................ May ............................................ June ........................................... Second Quarter ......................... July ............................................ August ........................................ September ................................. Third Quarter ............................. October ...................................... November .................................. December .................................. Fourth Quarter ........................... 2008 January ...................................... February .................................... March ......................................... First Quarter ............................... April ............................................ May ............................................ June ........................................... Second Quarter ......................... July ............................................ August ........................................ September ................................. Third Quarter ............................. October ...................................... November .................................. December .................................. Fourth Quarter ........................... 2009 January ......................................
1

Mass layoffs Initial claimants 134,984 86,696 123,974 345,654 127,444 85,816 172,810 386,070 175,419 93,458 67,385 336,262 108,455 198,220 224,214 530,889 Events Initial claimants 124,475 82,097 118,431 325,003 118,040 81,153 148,669 347,862 164,939 88,345 64,026 317,310 97,716 181,184 216,898 495,798

Extended mass layoffs lasting more than 30 days Events Initial claimants

Realization rates 1 Events Initial claimants

1,407 935 1,082 3,424 1,219 923 1,599 3,741 1,599 963 717 3,279 1,083 1,799 2,167 5,049

1,263 861 1,015 3,139 1,115 856 1,318 3,289 1,450 908 667 3,025 929 1,593 2,071 4,593

1,110

199,250

35.4

61.3

1,421

259,234

43.2

74.5

1,018

173,077

33.7

54.5

1,814

r

347,151

39.5

70.0

1,647 1,269 1,089 4,005 1,272 1,552 1,622 4,446 1,891 1,427 1,292 4,610 2,125 2,574 3,377 8,076

154,503 119,508 114,541 388,552 130,810 159,471 166,742 457,023 200,382 139,999 129,586 469,967 221,784 241,589 351,305 814,678

1,520 1,178 1,039 3,737 1,172 1,438 1,315 3,925 1,687 1,343 1,202 4,232 1,917 2,389 3,232 7,538

144,191 113,587 110,147 367,925 121,625 150,462 140,916 413,003 186,018 133,146 122,505 441,669 205,553 226,657 340,220 772,430
2,p r

1,340

r

259,084

35.9

r

70.4

1,756

r

339,184

44.7

r

82.1

1,582

r

300,337

r

37.4

r

68.0

3,140

2,p

463,715

p

41.7

p

60.0

3,806

388,813

3,633

375,293
number of extended mass layoff events is generally revised upwards by less than 10 percent and the number of initial claimants associated with such events increases by 25-40 percent. r = revised.
p

The event realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm

mass layoff events lasting more than 30 days. The initial claimant realization rate is the percentage of all private nonfarm mass layoff initial claimants associated with layoffs lasting more than 30 days.
2

These quarterly numbers are provisional and will be revised as more

= preliminary.

data on these layoffs become available. Experience suggests that the

Table 5. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance by census region and division, not seasonally adjusted
Mass layoff events Census region and division January 2008 United States 1 ......................................... Northeast .......................................................... New England ................................................ Middle Atlantic .............................................. South ................................................................ South Atlantic ............................................... East South Central ....................................... West South Central ...................................... Midwest ............................................................ East North Central ........................................ West North Central ....................................... West ................................................................. Mountain ....................................................... Pacific ...........................................................
1

Initial claimants for unemployment insurance January 2009 3,806 787 97 690 1,052 574 279 199 1,024 821 203 943 149 794 January 2008 154,503 32,949 2,056 30,893 32,769 15,997 13,585 3,187 42,229 33,964 8,265 46,556 3,757 42,799 November 2008 241,589 28,791 3,505 25,286 56,608 25,648 19,725 11,235 85,730 65,287 20,443 70,460 11,050 59,410 December 2008 351,305 44,901 7,024 37,877 94,307 33,456 42,388 18,463 146,155 108,017 38,138 65,942 12,780 53,162 January 2009 388,813 77,142 8,414 68,728 115,630 58,892 32,215 24,523 114,195 93,852 20,343 81,846 12,657 69,189

November 2008 2,574 314 40 274 616 304 196 116 824 645 179 820 126 694

December 2008 3,377 491 70 421 815 362 296 157 1,278 961 317 793 139 654

1,647 349 30 319 324 157 129 38 416 324 92 558 44 514

See footnote 1, table 3.

NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama,

Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

Table 6. State distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted
Mass layoff events State January 2008 Total 1 .............................................. Alabama ............................................. Alaska ................................................. Arizona ............................................... Arkansas ............................................. California ............................................ Colorado ............................................. Connecticut ......................................... Delaware ............................................ District of Columbia ............................ Florida ................................................. Georgia ............................................... Hawaii ................................................. Idaho ................................................... Illinois .................................................. Indiana ................................................ Iowa .................................................... Kansas ................................................ Kentucky ............................................. Louisiana ............................................ Maine .................................................. Maryland ............................................. Massachusetts .................................... Michigan ............................................. Minnesota ........................................... Mississippi .......................................... Missouri .............................................. Montana .............................................. Nebraska ............................................ Nevada ............................................... New Hampshire .................................. New Jersey ......................................... New Mexico ........................................ New York ............................................ North Carolina .................................... North Dakota ...................................... Ohio .................................................... Oklahoma ........................................... Oregon ................................................ Pennsylvania ...................................... Rhode Island ...................................... South Carolina .................................... South Dakota ...................................... Tennessee .......................................... Texas .................................................. Utah .................................................... Vermont .............................................. Virginia ................................................ Washington ......................................... West Virginia ...................................... Wisconsin ........................................... Wyoming ............................................. Puerto Rico .........................................
1 2

Initial claimants for unemployment insurance January 2009 3,806 100 10 24 13 651 24 14 5 (2) 235 137 14 21 130 117 64 21 80 29 18 31 33 229 41 25 62 14 5 33 7 90 13 279 41 (2) 199 21 76 321 17 102 6 74 136 19 8 15 43 7 146 (2) 29 January 2008 154,503 10,160 (2) 290 293 38,715 654 (2) (2) (2) 5,366 4,718 217 496 9,106 2,955 3,163 490 2,304 739 (2) 708 791 7,004 1,751 324 2,664 579 (2) 1,151 (2) 2,613 473 18,636 350 (2) 9,352 317 2,769 9,644 562 1,991
–

November 2008 2,574 48 (2) 20 21 580 15 3 6 (2) 151 51 9 27 126 111 49 14 78 13 4 7 18 157 60 34 44 11 4 33 4 46 9 79 34 5 120 18 60 149
–

December 2008 3,377 88 (2) 13 25 546 24 10 8 (2) 104 83 15 25 202 156 82 38 131 17 7 15 38 248 67 27 107 8 12 41 4 80 16 111 33 8 224 20 51 230 7 84 3 50 95 12 4 27 40 6 131
–

November 2008 241,589 5,289 (2) 1,603 2,026 47,690 1,162 186 415 (2) 10,582 4,970 641 2,298 11,564 13,420 8,213 1,321 9,210 1,093 451 828 1,459 14,657 5,442 2,736 3,087 1,226 450 2,992 311 5,665 554 7,366 3,410 1,631 11,680 1,708 7,259 12,255
–

December 2008 351,305 14,160 (2) 1,213 2,517 43,265 2,023 799 817 (2) 6,931 8,508 1,650 2,347 25,885 16,762 10,005 7,949 21,570 2,430 530 1,002 4,289 24,508 7,374 2,399 10,625 630 1,334 4,303 255 6,910 1,170 10,511 3,314 666 27,836 3,210 4,413 20,456 820 9,381 185 4,259 10,306 1,094 331 2,782 3,663 416 13,026
–

January 2009 388,813 10,588 788 1,941 1,462 54,153 1,814 1,349 1,052 (2) 19,301 16,654 998 1,746 13,443 10,734 7,353 2,447 12,492 3,396 1,618 2,535 2,782 26,453 3,289 2,353 5,239 1,491 1,070 2,805 465 7,179 822 31,893 4,149 (2) 27,971 2,772 9,005 29,656 1,526 10,703 530 6,782 16,893 1,978 674 3,313 4,245 1,127 15,251 (2) 2,992

1,647 82 (2) 4 4 468 7 (2) (2) (2) 70 51 3 7 68 34 26 8 28 7 (2) 9 11 86 19 6 37 6 (2) 15 (2) 35 4 152 3 (2) 71 4 28 132 9 12
–

13 23 (2) 4 8 14 (2) 65
–

36 3 36 64 10 11 16 44 (2) 131 (2) 14

797 1,838 (2) 248 1,027 1,047 (2) 5,547
–

3,916 299 2,490 6,408 1,161 1,098 1,316 3,724 (2) 13,966 (2) 1,686

10

16

1,120

1,285

See footnote 1, table 3.

Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards. NOTE: Dash represents zero.


				
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Description: MASS LAYOFFS IN JANUARY 2009 Bureau of Labor Statistics Labor Report