The Lost Forty, home to the state champion red pine
Range of the red pine
U.S. Gogebic, Michigan
Tale of the Tape
for Minnesota’s 20 MILES
new champ: Upper Red 71
● Score: Lake
245 points Nat’l Forest Big Fork
(Score for previous Chippewa
champion in Itasca State
Bemidji National Forest
Park: 258 points.)
● Estimated age: Leech Grand
Height: 120 feet
● Nominated by:
State Cloud State student
Jimmy McDonald Island Moose 27
Chippewa National . 22 31
● Crown spread: 38 feet Blackduck Twp.
Lost Forty Dora
A typical mature
red pine has a Alvwood 29 Kinghurst
with upcurved Twp. Twp.
9 feet, 7 inches RED PINES AND
Adult THE BOREAL FOREST
red pine Red pines are self-pruning,
Average height: tending not to have dead branches
75 to 100 feet, on the lower trunk.
but it can reach
Trunk is straight
with little taper. Red pine bark is fire-resistant,
Mature flower Two needles its thick layers protecting the
cone (male) per fascile sensitive cambium that relays
nutrients to the upper tree.
Red pines have male and female cones on the same tree. This enables the species to
Female cones are in the upper crown, male cones in the lower. survive forest fires.
Female cone during its stages of development
17 months 22 months Mature cone
development development (female)
Red pine needles contribute
to the acidic duff that makes
up the boreal forest floor,
providing nutrients for all
Juvenile red pine the understory plants.
Source: U.S. Forest Service; ALEX LEARY, PIONEER PRESS