Principles of the Church's Social Doctrine

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					Principles of the Church’s                           way that benefits not only themselves &
                                                     their family but also the common
                                                                                                   we are paying a debt of justice' [Saint
                                                                                                   Gregory the Great]….
Social Doctrine                                      good....New technological and scientific
                                                     knowledge must be placed at the service       "It is impossible to promote the dignity of
As per Chapter 4 of the Compendium of
                                                     of mankind's primary needs ….                 the person without showing concern for
the Social Doctrine of the Church, “The
                                                                                                   the family, groups, associations, local
permanent principles of the Church's
                                                     "The principle of the universal destination   territorial realities; in short, for that
social doctrine constitute the very heart of
                                                     of goods requires that the poor, the          aggregate of economic, social, cultural,
Catholic social teaching. These are the
                                                     marginalized and in all cases those whose     sports-oriented, recreational, professional
principles of:
                                                     living conditions interfere with their        and political expressions to which people
    the dignity of the human person, ...which
    is the foundation of all                         proper growth should be the focus of          spontaneously give life and which make it
    the other principles & content of                particular concern. To this end, the          possible for them to achieve effective
    the Church's social doctrine;                    preferential option for the poor should be    social growth....
    the common good;                                 reaffirmed in all its force….
    subsidiarity; and                                “Christian    realism…is      cautious…re-

“The common good of society
is not an end in itself; it has               the dignity of the human person…
value only in reference to              is the foundation of all the other principles &
attaining the ultimate ends of             content of the Church’s social doctrine….
the person and the universal
common good of the whole of             the universal destination of goods requires….
creation. God is the ultimate
end of his creatures and for no
                                             the preferential option for the poor
reason may the common good
be deprived of its transcendent
dimension....                                        garding      ideological    positions   and
                                                     Messianistic beliefs that sustain the
"Each person must have access to the                 illusion    that    it   is    possible  to
level of well-being necessary for his full           eliminate…poverty completely from this
development ….                                       world. This will happen only upon Christ's
                                                     return….the poor remain entrusted to us
“By means of work and making use of the              and it is this responsibility upon which we
gift of intelligence, people are able to             shall be judged at the end….
exercise dominion over the earth and
make it a fitting home….                             “the practice of charity is not limited to
                                                     alms-giving but implies addressing the
“Private property is an essential element            social & political dimensions of the
of an authentically social & democratic              problem of poverty….'When we attend to
economic policy, &…the guarantee of a                the needs
correct social order.... Christian tradition         of those
has never recognized the right to private            in want,
property as absolute and untouchable                 we give
....Private in its essence only        them
an instrument for respecting the principle           what    is
of the universal destination of goods; in            theirs,
the final analysis,…it is not an end but a           not ours.
means….                                              More
“Individual persons may not use their                performi
resources without considering the effects            ng works
that this use will have…they must act in a           of mercy,
“The principle of subsidiarity protects        order; peace in the world depends in large   Ever greater importance has been given to
people from abuses by higher-level social      part on this....                             social justice....
authority and calls on these same
authorities to help individuals and                                                         "It is from the inner wellspring of love
intermediate groups to fulfil their                                                         that the values of truth, freedom and
duties....The principle of subsidiarity is                                                  justice are born and grow.... No
opposed       to    certain     forms     of                                                legislation, no system of rules or
centralization, bureaucratization, and                                                      negotiation will ever succeed in
welfare assistance and to the unjustified      “The unsurpassed apex of the perspective     persuading men and peoples to live in
and excessive presence of the State in         indicated here is the life of Jesus of       unity, brotherhood and peace; no line of
public mechanisms.... Various circum-          Nazareth….In him it is always possible to    reasoning will ever be able to surpass the
stances may make it advisable that the         recognize the living sign of that            appeal of love”
State step in to supply certain                measureless and transcendent love of
functions....this institutional substitution   God-with-us, who takes on the infirmities
must not continue any longer than is           of his people, walks with them, saves
absolutely necessary….The characteristic       them and makes them one....
imply-cation of subsidiarity is partici-
pation....every democracy must be              "The    Church's social        Magisterium
participative....                              constantly calls for the most classical
                                               forms of justice to be respected:
     subsidiarity protects people                       commutative,
                                                        distributive &
     from abuses by higher-level                        legal justice.
      social authority & calls on
      these same authorities to
           help individuals &
    intermediate groups to fulfil
     their duties….subsidiarity is
     opposed to certain forms of
    bureaucratization, & welfare
          assistance & to the
        unjustified & excessive
        presence of the State in
    public mechanisms….Various
      circumstances can make it
    necessary that the State step
          in to supply certain
    functions….this institutional
         substitution must not
     continue any longer than is
         absolutely necessary

"Solidarity highlights in a particular way
the intrinsic social nature of the human
person, the equality of all in dignity &
rights & the common path of individuals
& peoples towards an ever more
committed       unity....    International
solidarity too is required by the moral

   “the common outcry, which is justly made on behalf of human rights-for example,
   the right to health, to home, to work, to family, to culture- is false & illusory if the
   right to life, the most basic & fundamental right & the condition for all other
   personal rights, is not defended with maximum determination” (Pope John Paul II,
   Christifideles Laici