Methane Tracking and Mitigation Options - EPA-CMOP

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					Methane Tracking and Mitigation Options - EPA-CMOP   Version 1.0 - Updated

         Municipal Solid Waste
         Source data for MSW
         MSW Mitigation technologies
         MSW Model data

         Landfills
         Source data for LFG
         LFG Mitigation Technologies
         LFG Model data

         Coal Mining
         Source data for CBM
         CBM Mitigation Technologies
         CBM Model data

         Natural Gas System
         Source data for NGS
         NGS Mitigation Technologies
         NGS Model data

         Oil Production
         Source data for Oil
         Oil Mitigation Technologies
         Oil Model data

         Manure Sources
         Source data for Manure
         Manure Mitigation Technologies
         Manure Model data
Version 1.0 - Updated 10/15/2004
                     Conversion Factors
               1 Gg CH4 =       0.05484     PJ
                     1 Tg =            52   Bcf                             1 ft3=   0.0283 m3
                    1 Bcf =       1.0546    PJ                        1 kg CH4=      1.4716 m3
                     1 Tg =       5.7273    MMTCE
            1 MMT MSW =                11   PJ
               1 m3 CH4 =              37   MJ
                 1 $/TCE =      0.10444     m$/PJ
                1 kg CH4 =             21   kg CO2 eq.
    Model Monetary Units                    1995$US M
        1 short ton coal =           20.0   Million Btu
1 million short ton coal =           21.1   PJ
 ft3 CH4/short ton coal =      0.000911     kt/PJ
               1 m3 CH4 =          0.662    kg CH4
                   1 GW =         31.536    PJa
               M$/PJ(lfg) =          66.1   M$/PJ(msw)
     1 million barrels oil =          5.8   PJ

                   Emission Factors
   1 PJ CH4 released =       18.2351        kt CH4
     1 PJ CH4 burned =        0.0153        mt CO2 (carbon)
    1 PJ MSW burned =        0.02000        mt CO2 (carbon)
      1 kt CH4 burned =          0.75       kt CO2 (carbon)

                   GDP Deflators              Conversion to US$1995
                   1992          91.84               1.0682
                   1993          94.05               1.0431
                   1994          96.01               1.0218
                   1995           98.1               1.0000
                   1996            100               0.9810
                   1997        101.95                0.9622
                   1998          103.2               0.9506
                   1999        104.69                0.9371
                   2000        106.89                0.9178
                   2001        109.42                0.8965
                   2002          110.5               0.8878
                                                  Commodities
                                                                    Transmission
                                                                      Efficiency


           Methane & Manure Energy as Materials
Municipal Solid Waste                                   BMSW
Landfill Methane                                         LFM
Landfill Methane (small)                                LFMS
Landfill Methane (after Cap)                            LFMC
Landfill Gas                                             LFG
Manure                                                  BMAN

                       Methane Energy Carriers
Coal Mine Methane (Pre-mine Drain)                     CBMDRN
Existing Coal Mine Methane (70 to 90% CH4)             CBMHIE
Coal Mine Methane (70 to 90% CH4)-Vented mines         CBMHIV
Coal Mine Methane (70 to 90% CH4) Degased mines        CBMHIC
Coal Mine Methane (20 to 70% CH4)                      CBMMED
Coal Mine Methane <2.5% CH4)                           CBMLOW


                           Coal Energy Carriers
See Columns M and N in Coal Source Sheet              Coal Source

                    Natural Gas Energy Carriers
Domestic Natural Gas Production                        NGADP
Domestic NG Production Dummy 1                         NGADP1
Domestic NG Production Dummy 2                         NGADP2
Domestic NG Production Dummy 3                         NGADP3
Domestic NG Production Dummy 4                         NGADP4
Domestic NG Production Dummy 5                         NGADP5
Captured NG from Production                            NGPADD
Imported & Other Natural Gas Production                 NGAPT
NG in Process, Transmission & Storage                  NGAPTS
NG in P, T & S Dummy 1                                NGAPTS1
NG in P, T & S Dummy 2                                NGAPTS2
NG in P, T & S Dummy 3                                NGAPTS3
NG in P, T & S Dummy 4                                NGAPTS4
NG in P, T & S Dummy 5                                NGAPTS5
NG in P, T & S Dummy 6                                NGAPTS6
NG in P, T & S Dummy 7                                NGAPTS7
NG in P, T & S Dummy 8                                NGAPTS8
NG in P, T & S Dummy 9                                NGAPTS9
NG in P, T & S Dummy 10                               NGAPTS9A
NG in P, T & S Dummy 11                               NGAPTS9B
NG in P, T & S Dummy 12                               NGAPTS9C
NG in P, T & S Dummy 13                               NGAPTS9D
NG in P, T & S Dummy 14                               NGAPTS9E
Captured NG from Proc, Trans & Storage                 NGTADD
Natural Gas from Pipeline                               NGAP
NG to Distribution System                                                           NGATD
NG in Distribution System                                                           NGAD
NG in Distribution Dummy 1                                                          NGAD1
NG in Distribution Dummy 2                                                          NGAD2
NG in Distribution Dummy 3                                                          NGAD3
NG in Distribution Dummy 4                                                          NGAD4
NG in Distribution Dummy 5                                                          NGAD5
Captured NG from Distribution                                                      NGDADD

                            Oil Energy Carriers
Domestic Oil Production                                                              OILD
Alaska Oil Production                                                                OILA
Alaska Onshore Oil Production                                                       OILAON
Alaska Offshore Oil Production                                                      OILAOF
Domestic (Lower 48) Onshore Oil Production                                          OILDON
Domestic (Lower 48) Offshore Oil Production                                         OILDOF

                    Existing RES Energy Carriers
Electric Grid                                                                         ELC         1
Natural Gas (to pipeline)                                                             NGA         1
Pipeline Quality Gas                                                                 NGA01        1
Natural Gas (to industry)                                                            NGA05        1
Natural Gas (to industry)                                                           INDNGA        1
Low-temperature heat                                                                INDHET        1
Industrial process heat                                                             INDHET        1
Crude oil                                                                             OIL         1


                                                  Emissions

                                Methane Related                                                  GWP
Methane Release/Capture                                                                MTHAIR   0.00572
Greenhouse Gases                                                                        GHG
Parameter to calculate methane mitigation for technologies that do not produce –MTHAIR MTHDUM

                                 RES Related
Carbon Dioxide                                                                        CO2         1
Nitrous Oxide                                                                         NOX



                                                                                  Back to Top

                                                                                  Back to INDEX
s
    Units                      Comments



    PJeq    need to add unit as material type prior to load
    PJeq
    PJeq
    PJeq
    PJeq
    PJeq



     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ



     PJ



     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
     PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ



PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ
PJ



PJ
PJ
PJ   Main link to existing Nature Gas subsystem
PJ   Leads directly to INDSAGE
PJ   Part of INDSAGE
PJ
PJ   Model does not distrnguish between low and high temp process heat
PJ




kt   GWP is really a conversion factor from kt CH4 to mt CO2 expressed as mt carbon
mt   Carbon equivalent
mt   Carbon equivalent



mt   of Carbon (NOT CO2 equivalent)
kt   Is only NOT in EPA model at the moment
                                                                              Calibration Data for Methane Emisions
                                 Table 1. U.S. Baseline Methane Emissions, MMTCE
Sectors                         1990 (hist.)   1995 (hist.)     2000      2005 (proj.)   2010 (proj.)
                                                              (prelim.
                                                                est.)
Landfills                           59.3            61          56.9          55.5           55.1
Coal Mines                           24            21.2         21.2          22.3           22.4
Natural Gas                          33             34          35.8          36.5           37.4
Manure Management                    7.2            8.2          9.4           9.9           10.5
Enteric Fermentation                35.3           37.2         35.1          35.5            36
Other*                              17.1           18.3         16.6          16.4           16.2
Total                              175.9          179.9          175         176.1          177.6

                                 Table 1. U.S. Baseline Methane Emissions, Tg CH4
Sectors                         1990 (hist.)   1995 (hist.)     2000      2005 (proj.)   2010 (proj.)
                                                              (prelim.
                                                                est.)
Landfills                          10.35          10.65         9.93          9.69           9.62
Coal Mines                          4.19           3.70         3.70          3.89           3.91
Natural Gas                         5.76           5.94         6.25          6.37           6.53
Manure Management                   1.26           1.43         1.64          1.73           1.83
Enteric Fermentation                6.16           6.50         6.13          6.20           6.29
Other                               2.99           3.20         2.90          2.86           2.83
Total                              30.71          31.41        30.56         30.75          31.01




Table Name:                    METHSUM                                         Methane Calibration Run 8-25-04 Output Sheet
                       Unit:      kT
ANSWER Filter                  Process\TimePeriod 1995             2000          2005            2010
MTHAIR Breakdown               RNWLFML         5,686.01        6,667.21      6,667.21        5,556.01
                               RNWLFMM         6,971.09        7,426.91      7,426.91        6,189.09
                               RNWLFMSS        1,507.64        1,591.10      1,591.10        1,325.92
                               PBMANAL2        1,022.47        1,133.18      1,238.98        1,357.40
                               PBMANDR1           51.17            50.1         49.84           48.73
                               PBMANEM1             320          321.13        336.58          354.76
                               PCABHUDV1              0               0         16.77           23.71
                               PCABLUDV1              0               0             0                0
                               PCABMUDV1              0           64.46         158.2          190.31
                               PCRBLUDV1              0           32.43         33.75           35.98
                               PLFMNOMIT2          0.00            0.00          0.00             0.00
                               PMSWLFL1               0               0        473.48          970.53
                               PMSWLFM1               0               0        357.34          732.48
                               PMSWLFS1               0               0          53.6          109.87
                               PNGAD3          1,423.43        1,423.43      1,438.89        1,438.89
                               PNGADP1         1,480.73        1,675.48      1,739.68        1,739.68
                               PNGAPTS2        2,739.57        2,739.57      2,769.34        2,769.34
                               POILAOF1           34.55           31.75         24.36           21.32
                               POILAON1          191.85          124.87         95.82           83.84
                               POILDOF1      186.50     288.15      335.80     370.67
                               POILDON1      568.56     579.77      473.36     403.17
                               SCCABHS        52.67      52.67       43.67      43.36
                               SCCABHU        292.2      292.2      212.13     212.13
                               SCCABHUNV          0          0           0      29.61
                               SCCABLS        135.7      135.7      205.07     108.55
                               SCCABLU       551.93     551.93      345.48     345.48
                               SCCABLUNV          0          0           0           0
                               SCCABMS       299.75     299.75      296.52     302.96
                               SCCABMU     1,519.98   1,519.98       920.7      920.7
                               SCCABMUNV       0.00       0.00      172.69     423.84
                               SCCAGHS        14.94      14.94       18.94          19
                               SCCALMS         3.39       3.39        4.45       4.73
                               SCCAMLU            0          0       13.75      15.16
                               SCCAMMU        31.66      31.46       23.69      23.69
                               SCCDLMS         3.63       3.63        3.78         3.8
                               SCCGLHS         1.24       2.32        2.57         2.5
                               SCCGLMS         3.59       3.59        3.48       2.81
                               SCCIBHS        80.53      80.53       83.25      88.88
                               SCCIBHU        73.92      73.92       54.11      54.11
                               SCCIBHUN           0          0         24         34
                               SCCIBMS        20.85      20.85         19         18
                               SCCIBMU        48.78      48.78         29         29
                               SCCIBMUN           0          0         16         13
                               SCCNSMS            0          0          1           1
                               SCCPBLU         0.34       0.34          0           0
                               SCCPSLS          53         54          67         78
                               SCCPSMS           6          6           5           5
                               SCCRBLU         454        454         272        272
                               SCCRBLUNV          0          0      340.17     353.97
                               SCCRSLS            0          0        0.93           0
                               SCCSBLS         13.8          0       14.36      14.03
                               SCCSSMS         8.81      14.56       14.37      14.56
                               Total
MARKAL Base Case - Total Emissions           25,855     27,815      28,488     27,154
MARKAL Base Case - Coal        Total          3,671      3,762       3,416      3,683
MARKAL Base Case - Manure      Total          1,394      1,504       1,625      1,761
MARKAL Base Case - Landfills   Total         14,165     15,685      16,570     14,884
MARKAL Base Case - Natural gas Total          5,644      5,838       5,948      5,948
MARKAL Base Case - Oil         Total            981      1,025         929        879
                               Ck Total      25,855     27,815      28,488     27,154




Table Name:                   METHSUM                            Methane Options Run with Updated Mitigation Tec
                      Unit:      kT            1995       2000        2005        2010
ANSWER Filter                 RNWLFML      5,686.01   6,667.21    6,667.21    5,556.01
MTHAIR Breakdown              RNWLFMM      6,971.09   7,426.91    7,426.91    6,189.09
                              RNWLFMSS     1,507.64   1,591.10    1,591.10    1,325.92
                              ECBMCOG2            0      -5.64      -26.56     -104.25
                              ELFGCOG2            0     -43.13     -591.43   -1,783.89
                              ELFGPRG2        -4.31     -43.13      -43.13      -43.13
                              PBMANAL2     1,022.47     525.53           0           0
PBMANDR1        51.17       50.1      49.84      48.73
PBMANEM1          320     321.13     336.58     354.76
PCABHUDV1           0          0        1.9      23.71
PCABLUDV1        0.00       0.00          0          0
PCABMUDC1           0       0.00       0.00       0.00
PCABMUDV1           0      26.26     108.07     156.16
PCBMGGUC2           0          0          0          0
PCBMGGUE2        -1.4       -3.2      -6.55     -17.71
PCBMGGUV2           0          0          0          0
PCRBLUDV1           0      32.43      33.75      35.98
PLFGNGS2         0.00          0     -17.87     -17.87
PLFMNOMIT2          0          0          0          0
PMSWLFL1            0          0     372.91     736.16
PMSWLFM1            0          0     281.44     555.59
PMSWLFS1            0          0      42.22      83.34
PNGAD3       1,423.39   1,423.39   1,437.79   1,437.79
PNGADP1      1,480.68   1,675.48   1,738.08   1,738.08
PNGAPTS2     2,739.48   2,739.22   2,766.80   2,766.80
PNGTDCC24       -2.56      -2.56      -2.59      -2.59
PNGTHTS29F       0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00
PNGTRDB29E       0.00     -35.13     -35.48     -35.48
POILAOF1        34.55      31.75      24.36      21.32
POILAON1       191.85     124.87      95.82      83.84
POILDOF1        186.5     288.15      335.8     370.67
POILDON1       568.56     579.77     473.36     403.17
SCCABHS         52.67      52.67      43.67      43.36
SCCABHU         292.2      292.2     212.13     212.13
SCCABHUNV           0       0.00       0.00       3.35
SCCABLS         135.7     135.70     205.07     108.55
SCCABLU        551.93     551.93     345.48     345.48
SCCABLUNV        0.00       0.00          0          0
SCCABMS        299.75     299.75     296.52     302.96
SCCABMU      1,519.98   1,519.98      920.7      920.7
SCCABMUNC           0          0          0          0
SCCABMUNV           0          0      70.35     289.52
SCCAGHS         14.94      14.94      18.94         19
SCCALMS          3.39       3.39       4.45       4.73
SCCAMLU             0          0      13.75      15.16
SCCAMMU         31.66      31.46      23.69      23.69
SCCDLMS          3.63       3.63       3.78        3.8
SCCGLHS          1.24       1.95       2.57       2.50
SCCGLMS          3.59       3.59       3.48       2.81
SCCIBHS         80.53      80.53      83.25      88.88
SCCIBHU         73.92      73.92      54.11      54.11
SCCIBHUN         0.00       0.00      24.25      33.97
SCCIBMS         20.85      20.85      19.41      17.84
SCCIBMU         48.78      48.78      29.44      29.44
SCCIBMUN         0.00       0.00      15.67      12.50
SCCNSMS          0.00       0.00       0.73       0.77
SCCPBLU          0.34       0.34       0.19       0.29
SCCPSLS         53.25      54.17      67.03      77.50
SCCPSMS          6.25       6.25       4.59       4.71
                              SCCRBLU     454.22   454.22   271.82   271.82
                              SCCRBLUNV        0        0   340.17   353.97
                              SCCRSLS          0        0     0.93        0
                              SCCSBLS      13.78        0    14.36    14.03
                              SCCSSMS       8.81    14.56    14.37    14.56
Reference - Total emissions   Total       25,847   27,035   26,165   23,154
Reference - Coal              Total        3,670    3,715    3,216    3,366
Reference - Manure            Total        1,394      897      386      403
Reference - Landfills         Total       14,160   15,599   15,729   12,601
Reference - Natural gas       Total        5,641    5,800    5,905    5,905
Reference - Oil               Total          981     1025      929      879
                              Ck Total    25,847   27,035   26,165   23,154
ation Data for Methane Emisions
MTCE                                                                      billion ft3                   Gg CH4
            2015 (proj.)    2020 (proj.)                              1995          2000       1995 (hist.) 2000 (hist.)
                                                                     (hist.)       (hist.)
                                                   Coal System
                 52             47.6              UG Ventilations     111           89           2,135          1,712
                22.2            21.3                  UG Degas        46            45            885            865
                38.5            39.8             Recovered/Used       30            36            577            692
                11.2            11.7                   Total UG       127           98           2,442          1,885
                36.5             37                      Surface      22            22            423            423
                16.5            16.9                 Post mining      34            32            654            615
               176.9           174.3                        Total     183           152          3,519          2,923

g CH4                                                                          Calibration Data - Unmitigated Methane Emissions, Gg CH4
            2015 (proj.)    2020 (proj.)                              1995          2000     2005 (proj.)   2010 (proj.)
                                                                     (hist.)       (hist.)

                9.08            8.31     EPA Baseline - Landfills    14,165       15,685         15,572        15,460
                3.88            3.72             Coal Mine Prod.      3,212        2,750
                6.72            6.95            Coal Mine Degas        308          173
                1.96            2.04         EPA Baseline - Coal      3,519        3,702          3,894         3,911
                6.37            6.46              NG Production       1,583        1,633          1,665         1,706
                2.88            2.95           NG Transmission        2,904        2,996          3,055         3,130
               30.89           30.43              NG Distribution     1,572        1,622          1,653         1,694
                                       EPA Baseline - Natural Gas     6,059        6,251          6,373         6,530
                                          EPA Baseline - Manure       1,723        1,821          1,821         1,833
                                              EPA Baseline - Oil      1,122        1,201          1,089         1,076
                                                             Total   26,588       28,659         28,749        28,810
                                                                     25,855       27,815         28,488        27,154
                                                                      -733         -844           -260         -1,656
                                                                      -3%           -3%           -1%            -6%
ne Calibration Run 8-25-04 Output Sheet (METHACAL)

                    2015            2020                     2025        2030          2035
                4,444.81        3,333.60                 2,222.40    1,111.20              0
                4,951.27        3,713.46                 2,475.64    1,237.82              0
                1,060.73          795.55                   530.37      265.18              0
                1,472.20        1,546.61                 1,609.62    1,674.89      1,731.86
                   47.05           44.13                    40.87       37.66         34.32
                  371.69           388.9                   400.28      414.98        429.67
                   51.03           51.03                    51.03       51.03              0
                     28.2          42.01                    42.01       42.01              0
                  251.51          251.51                   251.51      251.51              0
                   36.69           36.69                    36.69       36.69              0
                     0.00           0.00                     0.00         0.00          0.00
                1,487.97        2,030.88                 2,594.69    3,113.95      3,135.69
                1,123.00        1,525.15                 1,931.50    2,299.12      2,286.27
                  168.45          220.16                   259.34      286.91        251.76
                1,656.79        1,890.54                 2,131.94    2,523.35      3,123.92
                2,003.12        2,285.74                 2,577.60    2,915.90      3,206.09
                3,188.71        3,638.59                 4,103.20    4,856.52      6,012.39
                   27.10           32.89                    32.89       33.50         32.89
                  106.60          129.36                   129.36      131.76        129.36
                 344.03      327.34              333.51     381.30     316.52
                 369.73      354.62              330.85     378.26        314
                  40.33       38.35               38.35      38.35      38.35
                 212.13      212.13              212.13     212.13     212.13
                  41.87       90.12               90.12      90.12      90.12
                 103.83       96.04               96.04      96.04      96.04
                 345.48      345.48              345.48     345.48     345.48
                      0       99.15              147.73     147.73     147.73
                 287.55      276.66              276.66     276.66     276.66
                  920.7       920.7               920.7      920.7      920.7
                 509.87      673.84              673.84     673.84     673.84
                   18.9       18.88               18.88      18.88      18.88
                   4.73        4.75                4.75       4.75       4.75
                  14.15          41               10.59      47.49      47.49
                  23.69       10.18                   0      16.12          0
                   3.84        3.85                3.85       3.85       3.85
                                                                                                               18,000
                   2.25        0.45                1.11       2.16       2.16
                   2.35        2.17                2.17       2.17       2.17                                  16,000
                   82.4       80.33               80.33      80.33      80.33




                                                                                  Methane Emissions (Gg CH4)
                  54.11       54.11               54.11      54.11      54.11                                  14,000
                    38          41                  41         41         41
                    16          15                  15         15         15                                   12,000
                    29          29                  29         29         29
                    14          15                  15         15         15
                     1           1                   1          1          1
                                                                                                               10,000
                     0           0                   0          0          0
                    88          93                  94         76         31                                    8,000
                     4           5                   5          5          5
                   272         272                 272        272        272                                    6,000
                  377.4      384.77              384.77     384.77     384.77
                      0           0                   0          0          0
                                                                                                                4,000
                      0           0                0.99       8.11      13.95
                  13.74       13.23               13.23      13.23      13.23
                 26,712      26,478              25,935     25,936     24,842                                   2,000
                  3,888       4,220               4,230      4,274      3,837
                  1,891       1,980               2,051      2,128      2,196                                      0
                 13,236      11,619              10,014      8,314      5,674                                           1995
                  6,849       7,815               8,813     10,296     12,342
                    847         844                 827        925        793
                 26,712      26,478              25,935     25,936     24,842




Options Run with Updated Mitigation Techs (METHARF8)
                    2015        2020                2025       2030       2035
                4,444.81    3,333.60            2,222.40   1,111.20           0
                4,951.27    3,713.46            2,475.64   1,237.82           0
                1,060.73      795.55              530.37     265.18           0
                 -265.05     -404.08             -409.37    -418.74    -414.48
               -1,720.24   -1,492.49           -1,221.37    -919.72    -586.34
                  -38.82        0.00                0.00        0.00       0.00
                       0           0                   0           0          0
   47.05      44.13      40.87      37.66      34.32
  371.69      388.9     400.28     414.98     429.67
   51.03      51.03      51.03      51.03          0
   15.37      42.01      42.01      42.01          0
    0.00       0.00       0.05       0.13       0.00
  251.51     251.51     251.39      251.2          0
       0          0          0      -0.03      -0.07
  -45.46    -108.85    -105.85    -110.02    -108.13
       0          0          0     -14.04     -36.65
   36.69      36.69      36.69      36.69          0
  -17.87     -62.34    -172.99    -448.32    -385.98
       0       0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00
1,128.44   1,559.28   2,033.93   2,520.53   2,642.84
  851.65   1,170.79   1,512.89   1,857.38   1,920.44
  127.75     168.78     201.77     227.61     203.85
1,645.39   1,879.74   2,132.82   2,456.95   3,097.80
1,989.06   2,272.16   2,577.60   2,915.90   3,172.30
3,166.31   3,616.98   4,103.20   4,724.90   5,958.60
   -2.96      -3.38      -3.84      -4.42      -5.57
    0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00      -3.77
  -40.60     -46.39     -52.62     -60.59     -76.41
    27.1      32.89      32.89       33.5      32.89
   106.6     129.36     129.36     131.76     129.36
  344.03     327.34     333.51      381.3     316.52
  369.73     354.62     330.85     378.26        314
   40.33      38.35      38.35      38.35      38.35
  212.13     212.13     212.13     212.13     212.13
   41.87      90.12      90.12      90.12      90.12
  103.83      96.04      96.04      96.04      96.04
  345.48     345.48     345.48     345.48     345.48
       0      54.05     147.73     147.73     147.73
  287.55     276.66     276.66     276.66     276.66
   920.7      920.7      920.7      920.7      920.7
       0          0          0       0.31       0.82
  418.38     673.84     673.84     673.52     673.02
    18.9      18.88      18.88      18.88      18.88                                18,000
    4.73       4.75       4.75       4.75       4.75
   14.15      43.85       7.73      47.49      47.49
   23.69       8.63       0.00      17.66       0.00                                16,000
    3.84       3.85       3.85       3.85       3.85
    2.25       0.53       1.39       2.16       2.16
                                                       Methane Emissions (Gg CH4)




                                                                                    14,000
    2.35       2.17       2.17       2.17       2.17
   82.40      80.33      80.33      80.33      80.33
   54.11      54.11      54.11      54.11      54.11                                12,000
   37.91      41.47      41.47      41.47      41.47
   15.57      15.27      15.27      15.27      15.27                                10,000
   29.44      29.44      29.44      29.44      29.44
   13.60      15.41      15.41      15.41      15.41
    0.79       1.02       1.02       1.02       1.02
                                                                                     8,000
    0.19       0.11       0.11       0.11       0.11
   88.21      90.41      89.79      83.74      30.15                                 6,000
    4.07       4.86       4.86       4.86       4.86
                                                           Methane Emissi
271.82   271.82                 271.82   271.82   271.82
                                                                            4,000
 377.4   384.77                 384.77   384.77   384.77
     0        0                      0        0        0
     0        0                   0.99     8.13    13.95                    2,000
 13.74    13.23                  13.23    13.23    13.23
22,285   21,844                 21,316   21,002   20,471
                                                                               0
 3,474    3,661                  3,708    3,740    3,277
   419      433                    441      453      464                            2000
10,788    9,187                  7,583    5,852    3,795
 6,757    7,719                  8,757   10,033   12,143
   847      844                    827      925      793
22,285   21,844                 21,316   21,002   20,471




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                  Back to INDEX
                                            Sub-system         1995       2000         2005        2010           2015
                                           MSW/Landfills        0.0%       0.0%       6.4%         -3.7%          -9.3%
                                                  Coal          4.3%       1.6%     -12.3%         -5.8%           0.3%
                                            Natural Gas        -6.9%      -6.6%      -6.7%         -8.9%           1.9%
                                               Manure         -19.1%     -17.4%     -10.7%         -4.0%          -3.3%
                                                    Oil       -12.5%     -14.7%     -14.7%        -18.3%         -20.3%




d Methane Emissions, Gg CH4                                1995 Calibration Comments                                      2000 Calibration Com
            2015 (proj.) 2020 (proj.)
                                           Calibration                            Energy       Methane     Calibration
                                             Deltas         EPA        Model       ratio        ratio        Deltas
               14,590          13,355           0                                                               0


                3,876           3,719         152           23,761     28,132     118.4%       104.3%          61
                1,756           1,815         -102          19,616     18,351      93.6%        93.6%          43
                3,222           3,331         -165          22,612     21,328      94.3%        94.3%         -257
                1,744           1,803         -149          22,612     21,328      94.3%        90.6%         -198
                6,722           6,949         -415                                                            -412
                1,956           2,043         -329                                                            -317
                1,063           1,083         -141                                                            -176
               28,207          27,149         -733                                                            -844
               26,712          26,478        25,855                                                          27,815
               -1,495           -671
                 -5%            -2%



            Table Name:                                                    CoalProd - U+S
            Unit:         PJ
            ProcessSet              1995           2000         2005       2010         2015       2020           2025
            CABHS                    504            504          418        415          386        367            367
            CABHU                  1,409          1,409        1,023      1,166        1,225      1,458          1,458
            CABLS                  1,299          1,299        1,963      1,039          994        919            919
            CABLU                  1,417          1,417          887        887          887      1,141          1,266
            CABMS                  2,869          2,869        2,838      2,900        2,753      2,648          2,648
            CABMU                  4,842          4,842        3,483      4,283        4,557      5,079          5,079
            CAGHS                    143            143          181        182          181        181            181
            CALMS                     33             33           43         45           45         45             45
            CAMLU                      0              0           36         40           37        107             28
            CAMMU                    153            152          114        114          114         49              0
            CDLMS                    535            535          557        561          566        567            567
            CGLHS                    182            342          379        369          332         66            164
            CGLMS                    529            529          514        415          347        319            319
            CIBHS                  1,044          1,044        1,080      1,153        1,069      1,042          1,042
            CIBHU                  1,070          1,070        1,134      1,275        1,332      1,384          1,384
            CIBMS                    252            252          235        216          188        185            185
            CIBMU                    706            706          653        607          623        649            649
CNSMS             0               0      111      122      116        151           151
CPBLU             7               7        4        6        4          2             2
CPSLS         7,853           7,988    9,885   11,430   13,009     13,753        13,861
CPSMS           921             921      676      695      600        716           716
CRBLU         1,666           1,666    2,244    2,295    2,381      2,408         2,408
CRSLS             0               0       29        0        0          0             0
CSBLS           426               0      443      433        0          0            30
CSSMS           272             449      443      449      424        408           408
Total        28,132          28,177   29,373   31,095   32,168     33,645        33,878




                                                           EPA Baseline - Landfills

                                                           MARKAL Base Case - Landfills

                                                           EPA Baseline - Natural Gas

                                                           MARKAL Base Case - Natural gas

                                                           EPA Baseline - Coal

                                                           MARKAL Base Case - Coal

                                                           EPA Baseline - Manure

                                                           MARKAL Base Case - Manure

                                                           EPA Baseline - Oil

                                                           MARKAL Base Case - Oil



1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030
                      Year
Base Case - Landfills

Base Case - Natural Gas

Base Case - Coal

Base Case - Manure

Base Case - Oil




                          Base Case - Landfills


                          Reference - Landfills


                          Base Case - Natural Gas


                          Reference - Natural gas


                          Base Case - Coal


                          Reference - Coal


                          Base Case - Manure


                          Reference - Manure
                                                 Base Case - Oil


                                                 Reference - Oil




2000   2005   2010   2015   2020   2025   2030
                     Year
    2020
   -13.0%
    13.5%
    12.5%
    -3.1%
   -22.0%




2000 Calibration Comments

                       Energy   Methane
EPA         Model       ratio    ratio




23,761      28,177     118.6%   101.6%
20,037      20,765     103.6%   102.6%
23,604      21,328      90.4%    91.4%
23,604      21,328      90.4%    87.8%




    2030        2035
     367         367
   1,458       1,458
     919         919
   1,266       1,266
   2,648       2,648
   5,079       5,079
     181         181
      45          45
     124         124
      78           0
     567         567
     319         319
     319         319
   1,042       1,042
   1,384       1,384
     185         185
     649         649
                 151      151
                   2        2
              11,202    4,554
                 716      716
               2,408    2,408
                   0        0
                 250      430
                 408      408
              31,767   25,221




Landfills




Natural gas




Manure
                                           EPA Source Data for MSW Generation and LFG emissions
 Exhibit II-3: MSW Landfill Waste Disposal Rates (Percent of Total MSW Landfill Disposed)
                Category                 Base ('90)   1990-95     1995-00      2000-05    2005-10    2010-15    2015-20    2020-25    2025-50
1 - Small (500,000 MT)                     3.00%       2.00%       2.00%        1.50%      1.00%      1.00%      0.50%      0.50%      0.50%
2 - Small-Medium (1,000,000 MT)            9.60%       9.00%       8.00%        7.00%      6.00%      5.00%      4.00%      3.00%      2.00%
3 - Medium (5,000,000 MT)                 39.40%      40.00%      40.00%       40.00%     40.00%     40.00%     40.00%     40.00%     40.00%
4 - Large (15,000,000 MT)                 27.00%      29.00%      30.00%       30.50%     31.00%     31.50%     32.00%     32.00%     32.00%
5 - Very large (>15,000,000 MT)           21.00%      20.00%      20.00%       21.00%     22.00%     22.50%     23.50%     24.50%     25.50%
                  Total                   100.00%     100.00%     100.00%      100.00%    100.00%    100.00%    100.00%    100.00%    100.00%

 Exhibit II-4: Total Waste Apportioned by Landfill Category ( thousand MT)
                Category                 Base('90)    1990-95     1995-00      2000-05    2005-10    2010-15    2015-20    2020-25    2025-50
1 - Small (500,000 MT)                      5,541       3,588       3,588        2,691      1,794      1,794       897        897        897
2 - Small-Medium (1,000,000 MT)            17,732      16,148      14,353       12,559     10,765      8,971      7,177      5,383      3,588
3 - Medium (5,000,000 MT)                  72,777      71,767      71,767       71,767     71,767     71,767     71,767     71,767     71,767
4 - Large (15,000,000 MT)                  49,873      52,031      53,825       54,722     55,620     56,517     57,414     57,414     57,414
5 - Very large (>15,000,000 MT)            38,790      35,884      35,884       37,678     39,472     40,369     42,163     43,957     45,752
                  Total:                  184,714     179,418     179,418      179,418    179,418    179,418    179,418    179,418    179,418

Table Q-1: Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Contributing to Methane Emissions (Tg, or million MT)
Description                                     1990       1995         2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030
Total MSW Generated (MMT/yr)                   269.0        299          374      337.3      364.8     393.95     424.66      455.2      458.4
New MSW resource (PJ/yr)                        2959       3289         4114     3710.3     4012.8    4333.45    4671.26     5007.2     5042.4
% MSW Landfilled (min share)                    77%        63%          61%        61%        58%        55%        52%        52%        49%
Total MSW Landfilled (PJ/yr)                  2278.4     2072.1       2509.5     2263.3     2327.4     2383.4     2429.1     2603.7     2470.8
% MSW Combusted                                 12%        10%           7%
Total MSW Combusted (PJ/yr)                    340.3      328.9        288.0      288.0      288.0      288.0     288.0       288.0      288.0
MSW to other uses                              340.3      888.0       1316.5     1159.0     1397.4     1662.1    1954.2      2115.5     2283.6
% MSW Landfilled (max share)                    77%        63%          61%       100%       100%       100%      100%        100%       100%
                                                  MOST RECENT DATA                                           PROJECTION

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Contributing to Methane Emissions (Tg, or million MT)
               Landfill                        1990        1995         2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030
                                 Total       2278.4     2072.07      2509.54     2263.3     2327.4     2383.4     2429.1     2603.7     2470.8
               Small (<1,000,000 MT)          486.2       357.0        409.1      337.3      314.4      299.8      271.7      267.0      230.4
    Medium (1,000,000 - 5,000,000 MT)         807.9       770.8        933.5      841.9      865.8      886.6      903.6      968.6      919.1
               Large (>5,000,000 MT)          984.3       944.2       1166.9     1084.0     1147.2     1196.9     1253.8     1368.1     1321.2
                                                Accounted for in RNWLFG                      EPA Breakdown for RNWBMSW by small, medium and large LFs

New Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Resource (PJ/yr) - RNWBMSW
                Landfill                        1990         1995            2000        2005      2010       2015     2020        2025       2030
                                 Total                                                24896.1   24896.1    24896.1  24896.1     24896.1   24896.1
               Small (<1,000,000 MT)                                                   3710.8    3710.8     3710.8   3710.8      3710.8     3710.8
    Medium (1,000,000 - 5,000,000 MT)                                                  9261.4    9261.4     9261.4   9261.4      9261.4     9261.4
               Large (>5,000,000 MT)                                                  11924.0   11924.0    11924.0  11924.0     11924.0   11924.0
                                                                                            EPA Breakdown for RNWBMSW by small, medium and large LFs

Table Q-2: Methane Generation from Existing Landfills (Gg/yr) (10^3 MT/yr)
                Activity                    1990         1995           2000         2005         2010          2015         2020        2025        2030
Generation from MSW                           11,599       13,238          14,659 WIP in 2000 is assumed to generate CH4 with linear reduction in generation amount
                  Small (<1,000,000 MT)        1,273        1,409           1,487        0.07        0.06          0.05         0.04        0.03        0.03
    Medium (1,000,000 - 5,000,000 MT)          5,791        6,515           6,941        0.40        0.40          0.40         0.40        0.40        0.40
                 Large (>5,000,000 MT)         4,534        5,314           6,231        0.53        0.54          0.56         0.57        0.58        0.58
Industrial Generation                            812          927           1,026 Industrial CH4 potential is apportioned to small, medium and large LFs according to LF capacity
Total Generation                              12,411       14,165          15,685

                                                                     Methane Generation Rates
                                          Small Landfills                            Medium Landfills                   Large Landfills
                                                1.000 MMT          Average size          2.500 MMT         Average size    10.000 MMT         Average size
                                                7.430 m3/min/MMT                         8.558 m3/min/MMT                   8.558 m3/min/MMT
                                           3,905,208 m3/yr/MMT                       4,498,085 m3/yr/MMT                4,498,085 m3/yr/MMT
                                              0.1445 PJ(lfg)/MMT                        0.1664 PJ(lfg)/MMT                 0.1664 PJ(lfg)/MMT
                                              0.0131 PJ(lfg)/PJ(msw)                    0.0151 PJ(lfg)/PJ(msw)             0.0151 PJ(lfg)/PJ(msw)
                                              0.2395 kt CH4/PJ(msw)                     0.2759 kt CH4/PJ(msw)              0.2759 kt CH4/PJ(msw)

LFG Generation from Existing Land Fills (Gg/yr)
                                                1990          1995           2000        2005         2010        2015         2020        2025        2030
               Small (<1,000,000 MT)           1,362         1,508          1,591       1,591        1,326       1,061          796         530         265
    Medium (1,000,000 - 5,000,000 MT)          6,196         6,971          7,427       7,427        6,189       4,951        3,713       2,476       1,238
               Large (>5,000,000 MT)           4,851         5,686          6,667       6,667        5,556       4,445        3,334       2,222       1,111
                                 Total        12,410        14,165         15,685      15,685       13,071      10,457        7,843       5,228       2,614

LFG Generated from Existing LFs (PJ/yr) - RNWLFM
                                                1990         1995            2000        2005         2010        2015        2020         2025        2030
  LFM Generation from Small Pre-2000             74.7        82.7             87.3        87.3         72.7        58.2        43.6         29.1        14.5
                             Landfills
LFM Generation from Medium Pre-2000      339.8      382.3            407.3      407.3      339.4      271.5      203.6      135.8       67.9
                             Landfills
  LFM Generation from Large Pre-2000     266.0      311.8            365.6      365.6      304.7      243.7      182.8      121.9       60.9
                             Landfills
                                Total    414.5      465.0            494.5      494.5      412.1      329.7      247.3      164.8       82.4

                                         Projected CH4 emissions from New MSW Sent to Landfills (Gg)
                                                                                 2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030
                                                            Small               62.21     115.54     155.53     186.63     208.85     231.07
                                                            Medium             409.46     764.96   1,120.45   1,475.94   1,831.44   2,186.93
                                                            Large              542.54   1,022.45   1,515.70   2,017.83   2,528.86   3,039.88
                                                            Total            1,014.21   1,902.95   2,791.68   3,680.41   4,569.14   5,457.88




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                                                            Back to INDEX
  2035   MARKAL Name
 458.4   New data from Elizabeth Sheilhe
5042.4   RNWBMSW2         For 2005 and onwards only
  47%    Data for ADRATIO on New BMSW split
2369.9

 288.0
2384.5 RNWBMSW1          For 1995 & 2000 only
 100%




  2035
2369.9
 221.0
 881.6
1267.3
m and large LFs



                     2035
                  24896.1
                   3710.8
                   9261.4
                  11924.0
m and large LFs



                  2035
n in generation amount
                     0.03 S_LFSML
                     0.40
                     0.58 S_LFLRG
arge LFs according to LF capacity

                                                   Landfill costs
                                             Small Landfills Medium Landfills Large Landfills
                        1993 cost per acre $      500,000 $       450,000 $        400,000
  Average size          CERL cost per ton                    $        163
                    Average tons per acre                           2,761
                   Cost M$ per PJ (1993$)            14.9            13.4             11.9
                   Cost M$ per PJ (1995$)            15.6            14.0             12.5
               Fixed O&M costs (1995$/yr)            2.99            2.99             2.99
                Normal Cap costs (M$/PJ)             4.41



                    2035
                       0                         MSW methane generation potential
                       0                           2.635 kgCH4/yr/MT MSW
                       0                          79.045 30 yr potential kg.MT
                       0                              82 kg/MT



                    2035 MARKAL Name
                      0.0  RNWLFMSS
     0.0   RNWLFMM
     0.0   RNWLFML
     0.0



    2035
  253.29
2,542.42
3,550.90
6,346.61
MSW Options                   These are technologies that have MSW as an input.                                                      Yellow highlight indicates taken from TCH Table 2-2-03.XLS

                                                                                                  Potential Change Capital Costs                                O&M Costs                  Non-energy
                                                                                                  in Emissions     ($/TCE in                                    ($/TCE in                  Revenue ($/TCE Data
Economic Driver(s)            Description:                                     Emission Factor(s) Factor(s)        2000USD)                                     2000USD)                   in 2000USD)    Source(s):
                                                                                                                                     Costs are needed in        Costs are needed in
                                                                               Based on: a) quantity of   Landfills are becoming     $/PJ of MSW. The           $/PJa of MSW. The                                 1. AEO 2001
                                                                               organic material in        larger in the U.S.         energy content of the      energy content of the                             (population); 2.
                                                                               landfill, b) nutrients     because of issues with     MSW is needed along        MSW is needed along        This value is needed   DOE‟s Annual
                                                                               present, c) moisture       siting landfills. Larger   with the methane           with the methane           per ton of output      Energy Outlook
                              Type of landfills utilized => large managed      content, d) temperature,   landfill produce more      generation potential per   generation potential per   product (compost or    2001 for waste
Amount of waste landfilled    landfills emit more methane                      and e) pH level.           methane.                   ton of MSW.                ton of MSW.                fertilizer).           generation.
MSW Technology Options

                                                                                                                                        Capital Costs               O&M Costs                Non-energy             MAX %
                                                                                                               Reduction                  ($/TCE in                  ($/TCE in             Revenue ($/TCE          subject to                               Conversion
Technologies                                                                            Name                   Efficiency                2000USD)                   2000USD)                in 2000USD)            mitigation        LIFE   START   RESID    Efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                        FIXOM                    VAROM
Landfill 1 (small)            Designed for <1 million MT WIP                         PMSWLFS1                       0%                                                                                                                30     2005    ???

Landfill 2 (medium)           Designed for >1 and <5 million MT WIP                  PMSWLFM1                       0%                                                                                                                30     2005    ???

Landfill 3 (large)            Designed for >5 million MT WIP                         PMSWLFL1                       0%                                                                                                                30     2005    ???

MSW Power Plant 1             Combustion based power plant                            EMSWPP1                      100%                                                                                                               30     1995    ???

                              Anaerobic digestion 1 expedites the natural
                              decomposition of organic material without
                              oxygen by using a vessel that excludes oxygen
MSW Anaerobic Digestion 1 -
                              and maintains the temperature, moisture                 PMSWAD1                       95%                      1470.26                    247.28                    494.11                 NA           15     2005     0        10.5%
Process Heat
                              content and pH close to their optimum values.
                              Methane can be used to produce heat and/or
                              electricity.


                              Anaerobic digestion 2 expedites the natural
                              decomposition of organic material without
MSW Anaerobic Digestion 2 -
                              oxygen by using a vessel that excludes oxygen           EMSWAD1                      100%                      1777.99                    460.46                    315.39                 NA           15     2005     0        5.2%
Electricity
                              in the same way as anaerobic digestion 1, but
                              with additional income from compost.


                              Composting 1 involves degradation of the
                              organic matter under aerobic conditions. It
                              requires separating organic matter from the
Composting 1                                                                          PMSWCP1                       95%                      1316.40                    341.08                    420.52                14%           15     2005     0         NA
                              waste stream. Finished compost has a market
                              value, as it is used to enhance soil in
                              horticulture/landscape and agricultural sites.


                              Composting 2 involves the degradation of
                              organic matter under aerobic conditions and
Composting 2                  the separation of organic matter from the               NOT USED                      95%                      1555.74                    298.45                    420.52                14%           15     2005     0         NA
                              waste stream in the same way as composting
                              1 (C1), but there are larger costs.


                              In mechanical biological treatment, the whole
                              waste stream is composted in order to
Mechanical Biological         aerobically degrade the organic fraction. The
                                                                                      PMSWMB1                       95%                      1316.40                    443.41                    315.39                 NA           15     2005     0         NA
Treatment                     inorganic matter that does not degrade
                              becomes residue that must be disposed of in a
                              landfill.




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                              Back to INDEX
MSW Resource Characteristics
Name            RNWBMSW1                         Description                       Pre 2005 MSW Resource for Non-LF U
Parameter       Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID          1995      2000          2005           2010
BOUND(BD)Or     UP             PJ                               888.0    1316.5            0.0            0.0
COST                           m$/PJ                             0.00      0.00           0.00           0.00
OUT(MAT)r       BMSW                                                1         1              1              1
START                                                 1995

Name            RNWBMSW2                         Description                       Post-2005 MSW Material Resource
Parameter       Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID         1995      2000           2005        2010
BOUND(BD)Or     FX             PJ                                0.0        0.0        3710.3      4012.8
COST                           m$/PJ                            0.00      0.00            0.00        0.00
OUT(MAT)r       BMSW                                               1          1              1           1
START                                                 2005


MSW Process & Conversion Technologies Characteristics
Name            PMSWLFS1                         Description                       Landfill 1 (small)
Parameter       Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID          1995      2000          2005        2010
CF                                                                1.00      1.00          1.00        1.00
ENV_CAP         MTHAIR         kt/PJ                            0.240     0.240         0.240       0.240
FIXOM                          m$/PJa                             2.99      2.99          2.99        2.99
INVCOST                        m$/PJa                           15.58     15.58         15.58       15.58
OUT(MAT)p       LFMS           PJ(lfg)/PJ(msw)                 0.0131    0.0131        0.0131      0.0131
S_LFSML         UP                                                0.07      0.07          0.07        0.06
VAROM                          m$/PJ                              0.00      0.00          0.00        0.00
INP(MAT)_TIDp   BMSW           PJ/PJ                     5
LIFE                                                    30
START                                                 2005

Name            PMSWLFM1                         Description                       Landfill 2 (medium)
Parameter       Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID          1995      2000          2005        2010
CF                                                                1.00      1.00          1.00        1.00
ENV_CAP         MTHAIR         kt/PJ                              0.28      0.28          0.28        0.28
FIXOM                          m$/PJa                             2.99      2.99          2.99        2.99
INVCOST                        m$/PJa                           14.02     14.02         14.02       14.02
OUT(MAT)p       LFM            PJ(lfg)/PJ(msw)                 0.0151    0.0151        0.0151      0.0151
VAROM                          m$/PJ                              0.00      0.00          0.00        0.00
INP(MAT)_TIDp   BMSW           PJ/PJ                     5
LIFE                                                    30
START                                                 2005

Name            PMSWLFL1                         Description                       Landfill 3 (large)
Parameter       Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID          1995      2000          2005        2010
CF                                                                1.00      1.00          1.00        1.00
ENV_CAP         MTHAIR         kt/PJ                              0.28      0.28          0.28        0.28
FIXOM                          m$/PJa                             2.99      2.99          2.99        2.99
INVCOST                        m$/PJa                           12.46     12.46         12.46       12.46
OUT(MAT)p       LFM            PJ(lfg)/PJ(msw)                 0.0151    0.0151        0.0151      0.0151
S_LFLRG         LO                                                0.53      0.53          0.53        0.54
VAROM                         m$/PJ                              0.00       0.00          0.00      0.00
INP(MAT)_TIDp BMSW            PJ/PJ                     5
LIFE                                                   30
START                                                2005

Name           EMSWPP1                          Description                         MSW Power Plant 1
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID           1995      2000          2005       2010
BOUND(BD)      FX                                                 3.40
CF                                                                0.74       0.74         0.74       0.74
ENV_ACT        CO2            mt/PJ                             0.080      0.080        0.080      0.080
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM         Kt/PJ                             0.958      0.958        0.958      0.958
FIXOM                         m$/GW                             88.39      88.39        88.39      88.39
GROWTH                                                            1.05       1.05         1.05       1.05
INP(MAT)c      BMSW           PJ(msw)/PJ(elc)                     4.00       4.00         4.00       4.00
INVCOST                       m$/GW                              1429       1429         1417       1402
PEAK(CON)                     m$/PJ                               0.90       0.90         0.90       0.90
RESID                         GW                                  3.40       3.20         3.20       2.80
VAROM                         m$/PJ                            0.0025     0.0025       0.0025     0.0025
CAPUNIT                                            31.536
LIFE                                                   30
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                                      1
START                                                1995

Name           PMSWAD1                          Description                         MSW Anaerobic Digestion 1 - Process
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID          1995       2000          2005       2010
AF                                                              1.00       1.00           1.00       1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP             PJ                                                          1.00
ENV_ACT        CO2            mt/PJ                             0.019      0.019        0.019      0.019
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM         Kt/PJ                             2.860      2.860        2.860      2.860
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                            23.70      23.70        23.70      23.70
GROWTH                                                                                  1.020      1.020
INP(MAT)p      BMSW           PJ/PJ                             11.94      11.94        11.94      11.94
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                           140.92     140.92       140.92     140.92
OUT(ENC)p      INDNGA         PJ/PJ                              0.80       0.80          0.80      0.80
VAROM                         m$/PJ                            -47.36     -47.36       -47.36     -47.36
GROWTH_TID                                              1
LIFE                                                   15
START                                                2005

Name           EMSWAD1                          Description                         MSW Anaerobic Digestion 2 - Electricit
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units                TID          1995       2000          2005       2010
AF                                                              1.00       1.00           1.00       1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP             PJ                                                          0.50
ENV_ACT        CO2            mt/PJ                            0.0034     0.0034       0.0034     0.0034
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM         Kt/PJ                             4.574      4.574        4.574      4.574
FIXOM                         m$/GW                               1.40       1.40         1.40       1.40
GROWTH                                                                                  1.020      1.020
INP(MAT)c      BMSW           PJ/PJ                             19.10      19.10        19.10      19.10
INVCOST                       m$/GW                           5374.35    5374.35      5374.35    5374.35
VAROM                         m$/PJ                            -30.23     -30.23       -30.23     -30.23
CAPUNIT                                            31.536
GROWTH_TID                                      0.5
LIFE                                             15
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                                1
START                                          2005

Name           PMSWCP1                    Description                         Composting 1
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units          TID          1995        2000          2005       2010
AF                                                        1.00        1.00           1.00       1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP             PJ                                                     1.00
ENV_ACT        CO2            mt/PJ                      0.0002     0.0002        0.0002      0.0002
ENV_CAP        MTHAIR         kt/PJ msw                   0.012      0.012         0.012       0.012
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM         Kt/PJ                       0.228      0.228         0.228       0.228
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                     108.04     108.04        108.04      108.04
GROWTH                                                                             1.300       1.300
INP(MAT)p      BMSW           PJ/PJ                        1.00        1.00          1.00        1.00
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                     416.98      416.98       416.98      416.98
VAROM                         m$/PJ                     -133.20     -133.20      -133.20     -133.20
GROWTH_TID                                        1
LIFE                                             15
START                                          2005

Name           PMSWMB1                    Description                         Mechanical Biological Treatment
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units          TID           1995       2000         2005        2010
AF                                                         1.00       1.00          1.00        1.00
IBOND(BD)      UP             PJ                           0.00       0.00          0.00        0.00
ENV_CAP        MTHAIR         kt/PJ                       0.012      0.012        0.012       0.012
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                     140.45     140.45       140.45      140.45
INP(MAT)p      BMSW           PJ/PJ                        1.00       1.00          1.00        1.00
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                     416.98     416.98       416.98      416.98
VAROM                         m$/PJ                      -99.90     -99.90       -99.90      -99.90
LIFE                                             15
START                                          2005




                                                      Back to Top

                                                      Back to INDEX
MSW Resource for Non-LF Uses
                2015       2020      2025      2030      2035
                  0.0        0.0       0.0       0.0      0.0
                 0.00      0.00       0.00     0.00      0.00
                    1          1         1         1        1



5 MSW Material Resource
                2015        2020      2025      2030      2035
              4333.5      4671.3    5007.2    5042.4    5042.4
                 0.00       0.00       0.00     0.00      0.00
                    1          1          1        1         1



cteristics
                2015        2020      2025      2030      2035
                 1.00        1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
               0.240       0.240     0.240     0.240     0.240
                 2.99        2.99      2.99      2.99      2.99
               15.58       15.58     15.58     15.58     15.58
              0.0131      0.0131    0.0131    0.0131    0.0131
                 0.05        0.04      0.03      0.03      0.03
                 0.00        0.00      0.00      0.00      0.00




                2015        2020      2025      2030      2035
                 1.00        1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
                 0.28        0.28      0.28      0.28      0.28
                 2.99        2.99      2.99      2.99      2.99
               14.02       14.02     14.02     14.02     14.02
              0.0151      0.0151    0.0151    0.0151    0.0151
                 0.00        0.00      0.00      0.00      0.00




                2015        2020      2025      2030      2035
                 1.00        1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
                 0.28        0.28      0.28      0.28      0.28
                 2.99        2.99      2.99      2.99      2.99
               12.46       12.46     12.46     12.46     12.46
              0.0151      0.0151    0.0151    0.0151    0.0151
                 0.56        0.57      0.58      0.58      0.58
                    0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00




                   2015       2020        2025       2030       2035

                    0.74        0.74       0.74       0.74       0.74
                  0.080       0.080      0.080      0.080      0.080    Needed because CO2 emissions are not calculated from the MSW resour
                  0.958       0.958      0.958      0.958      0.958    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do n
                  88.39       88.39      88.39      88.39      88.39
                    1.05        1.05       1.05       1.05       1.05
                    4.00        4.00       4.00       4.00       4.00
                   1387        1373       1373       1373       1373
                    0.90        0.90       0.90       0.90       0.90
                    1.40        0.70       0.00       0.00       0.00   AEO data
                 0.0025      0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025




aerobic Digestion 1 - Process Heat
                   2015       2020        2025       2030       2035
                    1.00      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00

                  0.019       0.019      0.019      0.019      0.019
                  2.860       2.860      2.860      2.860      2.860    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do n
                  23.70       23.70      23.70      23.70      23.70
                  1.020       1.020      1.020      1.020      1.020
                  11.94       11.94      11.94      11.94      11.94
                 140.92      140.92     140.92     140.92     140.92
                   0.80        0.80       0.80       0.80       0.80
                 -47.36      -47.36     -47.36     -47.36     -47.36     Negative value for non-energy revenue generated. Not used: Set to Zero




aerobic Digestion 2 - Electricity
                   2015       2020        2025       2030       2035
                    1.00      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00

                 0.0034     0.0034      0.0034     0.0034     0.0034
                  4.574      4.574       4.574      4.574      4.574    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do n
                    1.40       1.40        1.40       1.40       1.40
                  1.020      1.020       1.020      1.020      1.020
                  19.10      19.10       19.10      19.10      19.10
                5374.35    5374.35     5374.35    5374.35    5374.35
                 -30.23     -30.23      -30.23     -30.23     -30.23     Negative value for non-energy revenue generated. Not used: Set to Zero
                  2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                   1.00      1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00

                 0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
                  0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012
                  0.228      0.228      0.228      0.228      0.228
                 108.04     108.04     108.04     108.04     108.04
                  1.200      1.200      1.100      1.100      1.100
                    1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00   Note that this process has no energy output.
                 416.98     416.98     416.98     416.98     416.98
                -133.20    -133.20    -133.20    -133.20    -133.20    Negative value for non-energy revenue generated. Not used: Set to Zero




cal Biological Treatment
                  2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                   1.00      1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00
                   0.00      0.00        0.00      0.00       0.00     Technology not used. Not enough known about potential application in th
                 0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012
                140.45     140.45     140.45     140.45     140.45
                   1.00      1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00     Note that this process has no energy output.
                416.98     416.98     416.98     416.98     416.98
                -99.90     -99.90     -99.90     -99.90     -99.90     Negative value for non-energy revenue generated. Not used: Set to Zero
are not calculated from the MSW resource base
hane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR




hane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR




venue generated. Not used: Set to Zero.




hane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR




venue generated. Not used: Set to Zero.
venue generated. Not used: Set to Zero.




h known about potential application in the US




venue generated. Not used: Set to Zero.
LFG Technologies                         These are technologies that have LFG as an input.                                                       Yellow highlight indicates taken from TCH Table 2-2-03.XLS

                                                                                                                      Potential Change           Capital Costs                           Non-energy
                                                                                                                      in Emissions               ($/TCE in              O&M Costs ($/TCE Revenue ($/TCE
Economic Driver(s)                       Description:                                 Emission Factor(s)              Factor(s)                  2000USD)               in 2000USD)      in 2000USD)      Data Source(s):
                                                                                      Based on: a) quantity of        Landfills are becoming                                                              1. AEO 2001
                                                                                      organic material in landfill,   larger in the U.S.         Costs are needed in    Costs are needed in               (population); 2.
                                                                                      b) nutrients present, c)        because of issues with     $/PJ of LFG. The       $/PJa of LFG. The                 DOE‟s Annual
                                         Type of landfills utilized =>                moisture content, d)            siting landfills. Larger   energy content and     energy content and the            Energy Outlook
                                         large managed landfills emit                 temperature, and e) pH          landfill produce more      the TCE content of     TCE content of the LFG            2001 for waste
Amount of waste landfilled               more methane                                 level.                          methane.                   the LFG is needed.     is needed.                        generation.
LFG Technology Options

                                                                                                                                                     Capital Costs                         Non-energy
                                                                                                                           Reduction                   ($/TCE in        O&M Costs ($/TCE Revenue ($/TCE MAX % subject                               Conversion
Technologies                                                                                     Name                      Efficiency                 2000USD)            in 2000USD)     in 2000USD)    to mitigation       LIFE   START   RESID    Efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                FIXOM            VAROM
                                         Soil oxidation destroys 10% of methane
Normal Cap                               generated
                                                                                             PLFMNOMIT2                          0%                       0.00                   0.00             0.00            NA          50     1995    ??


                                         Methane emissions are reduced by
                                         improving the capping and restoration
Increased Oxidiation Cap                 layers. A clay cap minimizes methane                PLFMIOCAP2                         34%                     1706.59                  2.32              0              7%          50     1995    ??
                                         leakage, while landfill cover soils above
                                         the cap oxidize escaping methane.


                                         Recovered methane is flared to control
Flaring of Landfill Gas                  odor and gas migration.
                                                                                               PLFGFLR2                         98%                      107.09                 15.71              0              11%         20     1995    ??


                                         Gas recovered from landfills is used as a
                                         medium Btu fuel for boilers or industrial
                                         processes. In these projects, the gas is
                                                 -
Offset Fuel (direct use going to boilers, etc.) to LFG customer and                           PLFGPRH2                          98%                      602.31                 35.81              0              10%         20     1995    ??         0.8
                                   piped directly a nearby
                                         used as a replacement or supplementary
                                         fuel.



                                         Gas recovered from landfills is used as a
                                         medium Btu fuel for boilers or industrial
                                         processes. Here, the gas is piped
LFG to Pipeline Quality Gas              directly to a nearby customer and used               PLFGNGS2                          98%                      179.57                 14.05              0              11%         15     1995    ??          1
                                         as a replacement fuel. The sale of the
                                         landfill gas offsets some, but not all, of
                                         the costs for the project.



                                      Electricity generation using a
                                      reciprocating internal combustion engine.
                                      IC engines are relatively inexpensive,
                                      efficient and appropriate for smaller
Landfill gas Electricity   Generation landfills where gas flows are between 625               ELFGPRG2                          98%                      602.31                 35.81              0              11%         20     1995    ??         0.25
                                      and 2000 thousand cubic feet per day
                                      (Mcf/day) at 450 British thermal units per
                                      cubic feet (Btu/ft3).



                                         Electricity generation and process heat
                                         using a reciprocating internal combustion
                                         engine. IC engines are relatively
                                         inexpensive, efficient and appropriate for
Landfill gas Co-Generation                                                                    ELFGCOG2                          98%              $           1,800.00    $               0.32      0              11%         20     2000    ??         0.25
                                         smaller landfills where gas flows are
                                         between 625 and 2000 thousand cubic
                                         feet per day (Mcf/day) at 450 British
                                         thermal units per cubic feet (Btu/ft3).




                                                Cogeneration
                          Inv Cost                    1800                            M$/Gwe
                  Fixed O&M cost                       0.01                           M$/GW
                Variable O&M cost                      0.01                           M$/GWhe
                Variable O&M cost                      0.32                           M$/PJ
                    Heat to Power                        1                            PJ/PJ
                        Availability                   95%
                 Overall Eficiency                     70%                            Electrical only
                        Input Fuel                     1.43                           PJ/PJe




                                                                                      Back to Top

                                                                                      Back to INDEX
LFG Resource Characteristics
Name          RNWLFMSS                Description                             LFM Generation from Small Pre-2000 Landfill
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995           2000           2005         2010
BOUND(BD)Or   FX             PJ                       82.68          87.25          87.25        72.71
COST                         m$/PJ                      0.00           0.00           0.00         0.00
ENV_SEP       MTHAIR         kt/PJ                    18.24          18.24          18.24        18.24
OUT(MAT)r     LFMS                                         1              1              1            1
START                                      1995

Name          RNWLFMM                 Description                             LFM Generation from Medium Pre-2000 Land
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID          1995            2000           2005         2010
BOUND(BD)Or   FX             PJ                     382.29          407.29         407.29       339.40
COST                         m$/PJ                     0.00            0.00           0.00         0.00
ENV_SEP       MTHAIR         kt/PJ                   18.24           18.24          18.24        18.24
OUT(MAT)r     LFM                                         1               1              1            1
START                                      1995

Name          RNWLFML                 Description                             LFM Generation from Large Pre-2000 Landfill
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID          1995            2000           2005         2010
BOUND(BD)Or   FX             PJ                     311.82          365.62         365.62       304.69
COST                         m$/PJ                     0.00            0.00           0.00         0.00
ENV_SEP       MTHAIR         kt/PJ                   18.24           18.24          18.24        18.24
OUT(MAT)r     LFM                                         1               1              1            1
START                                      1995

LFG Process & Conversion Technologies Characteristics
Name          PLFMNOMIT2              Description              Normal Cap
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID          1995            2000            2005         2010
AF                                                     1.00            1.00            1.00         1.00
ENV_ACT       CO2            mt/PJ                  0.0138          0.0138          0.0138       0.0138
ENV_CAP       MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.0000             0.00            0.00         0.00
FIXOM                        m$/PJa                    0.00            0.00            0.00         0.00
INP(MAT)p     LFMC           PJ/PJ                     1.00            1.00            1.00         1.00
INVCOST                      m$/PJa                    4.41            4.41            4.41         4.41
VAROM                        m$/PJ                     0.00            0.00            0.00         0.00
LIFE                                         50
START                                      1995

Name          PLFMIOCAP2              Description              Increased Oxidiation Cap
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995           2000            2005         2010
AF                                                      1.00           1.00            1.00         1.00
ENV_ACT       CO2            mt/PJ                   0.0086         0.0086          0.0086       0.0086
ENV_CAP       MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  -6.1999           -6.20           -6.20        -6.20
FIXOM                        m$/PJa                     0.22           0.22            0.22         0.22
INP(MAT)p     LFMC           PJ/PJ                      1.00           1.00            1.00         1.00
INVCOST                      m$/PJa                  163.58         163.58          163.58       163.58
VAROM                        m$/PJ                      0.00           0.00            0.00         0.00
LIFE                                         50
START                                      1995
Name        PLFMPASS1               Description               Small Landfill Passthru
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995            2000          2005         2010
AF                                                    1.00            1.00          1.00         1.00
INP(MAT)p   LFMS           PJ/PJ                      1.00            1.00          1.00         1.00
OUT(MAT)p   LFMC           PJ/PJ                      1.00            1.00          1.00         1.00
LIFE                                        5
START                                    1995

Name        PLFMUSES1               Description               LFG Captured Small LF for Flaring or Use
Parameter   Energy         Units       TID            1995            2000         2005         2010
AF                                                     1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                      0.00            0.00         0.00         0.00
INP(MAT)p   LFMS           PJ/PJ                       1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                    1.000           1.000        1.000        1.000
LIMIT                                                  1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(MAT)p   LFMC           PJ                          1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(MAT)p   LFG            PJ                          0.98            0.98         0.98         0.98
VAROM                      m$/PJ                       0.00            0.00         0.00         0.00
LIFE                                       50
START                                    1995

Name        PLFMUSE1                Description               LFG Captured for Flaring or Use
Parameter   Energy         Units       TID            1995            2000         2005         2010
AF                                                     1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                      0.00            0.00         0.00         0.00
INP(MAT)p   LFM            PJ/PJ                       1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                    1.000           1.000        1.000        1.000
LIMIT                                                  1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(MAT)p   LFMC           PJ                          1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(MAT)p   LFG            PJ                          0.98            0.98         0.98         0.98
VAROM                      m$/PJ                       0.00            0.00         0.00         0.00
LIFE                                       50
START                                    1995

Name        PLFGFLR2                Description               Flaring of Landfill Gas
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID            1995            2000         2005          2010
AF                                                     1.00            1.00         1.00          1.00
ENV_ACT     CO2            mt/PJ                    0.0153           0.015        0.015         0.015
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  -17.8704          -17.87       -17.87        -17.87
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                      1.51            1.51         1.51          1.51
INP(MAT)p   LFG            PJ/PJ                       1.00            1.00         1.00          1.00
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                    10.26           10.26        10.26         10.26
VAROM                      m$/PJ                       0.00            0.00         0.00          0.00
LIFE                                       20
START                                    1995

Name        PLFGPRH2                Description               Offset Fuel (direct use going to boilers, etc.) - LFG
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID            1995            2000         2005          2010
AF                                                     1.00            1.00         1.00          1.00
ENV_ACT     CO2            mt/PJ                    0.0184           0.018        0.018         0.018
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  -21.4445          -21.44       -21.44        -21.44
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                     3.43            3.43         3.43        3.43
GROWTH                                                   1.05            1.05         1.05        1.05
INP(MAT)c      LFG            PJ/PJ                      1.20            1.20         1.20        1.20
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                    57.73           57.73        57.73       57.73
VAROM                         m$/PJ                      0.00            0.00         0.00        0.00
AF_TID                                          1
CAPUNIT                                        1
LIFE                                          20
GROWTH_TID                                     1
OUT(LTH)_TID                             INDHET
START                                       1995

Name           PLFGNGS2                Description               LFG to Pipeline Quality Gas
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID            1995            2000         2005         2010
AF                                                        1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  -17.8704          -17.87       -17.87       -17.87
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                      1.35            1.35         1.35         1.35
INP(MAT)p      LFG            PJ/PJ                       1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                    17.21           17.21        17.21        17.21
OUT(ENC)p      NGAP           PJ/PJ                       1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
VAROM                         m$/PJ                       0.00            0.00         0.00         0.00
LIFE                                          15
START                                       2005

Name           ELFGPRG2                Description               Landfill gas Electricity Generation
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID            1995           2000         2005         2010
AF                                                        1.00           1.00         1.00         1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                         0.10
ENV_ACT        CO2            mt/PJ                    0.0612         0.0612       0.0612       0.0612
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  -17.8704         -17.87       -17.87       -17.87
FIXOM                         m$/GW                       0.11           0.11         0.11         0.11
GROWTH                                                    1.30           1.30         1.30         1.30
INP(MAT)c      LFG            PJ/PJ                       4.00           4.00         4.00         4.00
INVCOST                       m$/GW                   1820.63        1820.63      1820.63      1820.63
VAROM                         m$/PJ                       0.00           0.00         0.00         0.00
CAPUNIT                                   31.536
GROWTH_TID                                  1.09
LIFE                                          20
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                             1
START                                       1995

Name           ELFGCOG2                Description               Landfill gas Co-Generation
Parameter      Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995            2000         2005         2010
AF                                                       1.00            1.00         1.00         1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                                        0.50
ENV_ACT        CO2            mt/PJ                    0.0612         0.0612       0.0612       0.0612
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  -17.8704         -17.87       -17.87       -17.87
FIXOM                         m$/GW                       0.00           0.00         0.00         0.00
GROWTH                                                    1.30           1.30         1.30         1.30
INP(MAT)c      LFG            PJ/PJ                       4.00           4.00         4.00         4.00
INVCOST                       m$/GW                   1800.00        1800.00      1800.00      1800.00
OUT(ENC)c    INDHET   PJ/PJ                  1.00      1.00   1.00   1.00
VAROM                 m$/PJ                  0.32      0.32   0.32   0.32
CAPUNIT                       31.536
GROWTH_TID                         1
LIFE                              20
OUT(ELC)_TID ELC                   1
START                           2000




                                       Back to Top

                                       Back to INDEX
on from Small Pre-2000 Landfills
                      2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                     58.17          43.63     29.08     14.54       0.00
                       0.00           0.00      0.00     0.00       0.00
                     18.24          18.24     18.24     18.24     18.24
                          1              1         1        1          1



on from Medium Pre-2000 Landfills
                     2015          2020        2025      2030      2035
                  271.52         203.64      135.76     67.88       0.00
                      0.00          0.00        0.00     0.00       0.00
                    18.24         18.24       18.24     18.24     18.24
                         1             1           1        1          1



on from Large Pre-2000 Landfills
                      2015         2020        2025      2030      2035
                    243.75       182.81      121.87     60.94       0.00
                       0.00         0.00        0.00     0.00       0.00
                     18.24        18.24       18.24     18.24     18.24
                          1            1           1        1          1


teristics
                      2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                       1.00           1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
                    0.0138         0.0138    0.0138    0.0138    0.0138    This input is the conversion of the LFG to kt CO2 through soil o
                       0.00           0.00      0.00      0.00      0.00   This value is zero because EPA baseline projection assumes n
                       0.00           0.00      0.00      0.00      0.00
                       1.00           1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
                       4.41           4.41      4.41      4.41      4.41
                       0.00           0.00      0.00      0.00      0.00




                      2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                       1.00           1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
                    0.0086         0.0086    0.0086    0.0086    0.0086    This input is the conversion of the LFG to kt CO2 through soil o
                      -6.20          -6.20     -6.20     -6.20     -6.20
                       0.22           0.22      0.22      0.22      0.22
                       1.00           1.00      1.00      1.00      1.00
                    163.58         163.58    163.58    163.58    163.58
                       0.00           0.00      0.00      0.00      0.00
                     2015      2020      2025      2030     2035
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00




or Flaring or Use                                                    This is a LIMIT Process
                     2015      2020      2025      2030     2035
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                      0.00      0.00      0.00     0.00      0.00
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                    1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000    1.000     Set to 1.0 to be less than other real options
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00    The MAXIMUM of this value equals 1.0
                      0.98      0.98      0.98     0.98      0.98    The MAXIMUM of this value equals the Reduction Efficiency.
                      0.00      0.00      0.00     0.00      0.00




                                                                     This is a LIMIT Process
                     2015      2020      2025      2030     2035
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                      0.00      0.00      0.00     0.00      0.00
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                    1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000    1.000     Set to 1.0 to be less than other real options
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                      1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00    The MAXIMUM of this value equals 1.0
                      0.98      0.98      0.98     0.98      0.98    The MAXIMUM of this value equals the Reduction Efficiency.
                      0.00      0.00      0.00     0.00      0.00




                      2015      2020      2025      2030     2035
                       1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                     0.015     0.015     0.015     0.015    0.015    This input is the conversion of PJ LFG to kt CO2 through comb
                    -17.87    -17.87    -17.87    -17.87   -17.87
                       1.51      1.51      1.51     1.51      1.51
                       1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                     10.26     10.26     10.26     10.26    10.26
                       0.00      0.00      0.00     0.00      0.00




ing to boilers, etc.) - LFG
                      2015      2020      2025      2030     2035
                       1.00      1.00      1.00     1.00      1.00
                     0.018     0.018     0.018     0.018    0.018    This input is the conversion of PJ LFG to kt CO2 through comb
                    -21.44    -21.44    -21.44    -21.44   -21.44
   3.43       3.43       3.43       3.43       3.43
   1.05       1.05       1.05       1.05       1.05
   1.20       1.20       1.20       1.20       1.20
  57.73      57.73      57.73      57.73      57.73
   0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00




   2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
    1.00       1.00       1.00      1.00        1.00
 -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87
    1.35       1.35       1.35      1.35        1.35
    1.00       1.00       1.00      1.00        1.00
  17.21      17.21      17.21      17.21      17.21
    1.00       1.00       1.00      1.00        1.00
    0.00       0.00       0.00      0.00        0.00




   2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
    1.00       1.00       1.00      1.00        1.00

 0.0612     0.0612     0.0612     0.0612     0.0612
 -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87
    0.11       0.11       0.11       0.11       0.11
    1.30       1.30       1.30       1.30       1.30
    4.00       4.00       4.00       4.00       4.00
1820.63    1820.63    1820.63    1820.63    1820.63
    0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00




   2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
    1.00       1.00       1.00      1.00        1.00

 0.0612     0.0612     0.0612     0.0612     0.0612
 -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87
    0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00
    1.30       1.30       1.30       1.30       1.30
    4.00       4.00       4.00       4.00       4.00
1800.00    1800.00    1800.00    1800.00    1800.00
1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00
0.32   0.32   0.32   0.32   0.32
version of the LFG to kt CO2 through soil oxidation
 cause EPA baseline projection assumes normal caps on all landfills - because it is law.




version of the LFG to kt CO2 through soil oxidation
han other real options

s value equals 1.0
s value equals the Reduction Efficiency.




han other real options

s value equals 1.0
s value equals the Reduction Efficiency.




version of PJ LFG to kt CO2 through combustion




version of PJ LFG to kt CO2 through combustion
EPA Mapping for CMM Coal Supply Curves                                      Mapping of Methane Emissions
with Base-Year Production and Coal Quality

           T    S   M    R            COAL     AVG          AVG
 N    R    Y    U   E    A     PRODUCTION      BTU          SULF                       Collector    Input
 U    E    P    L   T    N             1998    (MMBtu/      (Lbs Sulfur/    Resource   Process     Energy
 M    G    E    F   H    K         (MMTons)    Ton)         MMBtu)           Name       Name       Carrier

 1    NA   1    C   D   BIT            1.639        24.71            0.56              SCCABHU     CABHU
 2    NA   2    M   D   BIT           62.082        25.54            1.26
 3    NA   3    H   D   BIT           46.754        24.28            2.69              SCCABMU     CABMU
 4    NA   14   M   D   PREM           6.244        26.80            0.67
 5    NA   7    C   S   BIT            1.050        24.71            0.56
 6    NA   8    M   S   BIT           18.448        25.54            1.26
 7    NA   9    H   S   BIT           21.545        24.28            2.69
 8    NA   15   H   S   GOB            8.600        12.43            1.74              SCCABLU     CABLU
 9    CA   1    C   D   BIT           34.751        25.17            0.54
 10   CA   2    M   D   BIT           73.303        24.84            0.85
 11   CA   14   M   D   PREM          62.178        26.80            0.61
 12   CA   7    C   S   BIT           29.114        25.17            0.54
 13   CA   8    M   S   BIT           77.582        24.84            0.85              SCCAMMU CAMMU
 14   SA   1    C   D   BIT            7.611        25.11            0.53
 15   SA   2    M   D   BIT            5.058        24.58            1.19
 16   SA   13   C   D   PREM           5.693        26.80            0.49
 17   SA   7    C   S   BIT            0.495        25.11            0.53              SCCAMLU     CAMLU
 18   SA   8    M   S   BIT            6.851        24.58            1.19
 19   SA   11   M   S   LIG            0.000        12.83            1.14              SCCIBHU     CIBHU
 20   EI   2    M   D   BIT           22.711        22.73            1.16
 21   EI   3    H   D   BIT           41.751        22.45            2.75              SCCIBMU     CIBMU
 22   EI   8    M   S   BIT           11.713        22.73            1.16
 23   EI   9    H   S   BIT           34.001        22.45            2.75              SCCRBLU     CRBLU
 24   WI   9    H   S   BIT            2.672        24.52            2.64
 25   GL   11   M   S   LIG           27.514        12.83            1.14              SCCPBLU     CPBLU
 26   GL   12   H   S   LIG           28.012        12.93            2.08
 27   DL   11   M   S   LIG           30.241        13.30            1.14
 28   PG   1    C   D   BIT            1.723        21.54            0.58              SCCABHS     CABHS
 29   PG   7    C   S   SUB          314.920        17.39            0.37
 30   PG   8    M   S   SUB           40.277        17.67            0.77              SCCABMS     CABMS
 31   RM   1    C   D   BIT           45.780        23.07            0.42
 32   RM   7    C   S   SUB            9.926        20.55            0.38
 33   ZN   7    C   S   BIT           19.532        21.24            0.47
 34   ZN   8    M   S   SUB           20.380        18.26            0.87
 35   AW   8    M   S   SUB            5.983        15.70            0.83              SCCABLS     CABLS
                                    1126.134
SCCAGHS   CAGHS

SCCALMS   CALMS

SCCIBHS   CIBHS




SCCIBMS   CIBMS

SCCRSLS   CRSLS

SCCSSMS   CSSMS

SCCSBLS   CSBLS

SCCDLMS   CDLMS

SCCPSMS   CPSMS


SCCPSLS   CPSLS

SCCGLHS   CGLHS

SCCGLMS   CGLMS

SCCNSMS   CNSMS
hane Emissions to Coal Resource Supply Curves

                                                                  Underground coal mapping for methane generation
                                                    T    S   M    R       COAL         AVG        AVG
       Output                             N    R    Y    U   E    A   PRODUCTION       BTU       SULF
       Energy                             U    E    P    L   T    N       1998       (MMBtu/ (Lbs Sulfur/
       Carrier          Description       M    G    E    F   H    K     (MMTons)       Ton)     MMBtu)

      COABHS Coal--App., Bit., High       3    NA   3    H   D   BIT        46.754       24.28       2.69
             Sulfur, Undergrd

      COABMS Coal--App., Bit., Med.       2    NA   2    M   D   BIT        62.082       25.54       1.26
             Sulfur, Undergrnd
                                          10   CA   2    M   D   BIT        73.303       24.84       0.85
                                          15   SA   2    M   D   BIT         5.058       24.58       1.19
                                                                            140.443


      COABLS Coal--App., Bitum., Low      1    NA   1    C   D   BIT         1.639       24.71       0.56
             Sulfur, Undergrd
                                          9    CA   1    C   D   BIT        34.751       25.17       0.54
                                          14   SA   1    C   D   BIT         7.611       25.11       0.53
                                                                            44.001


      COAMMS Coal--App., Met., Med        4    NA   14   M   D   PREM        6.244       26.80       0.67
             Sul., Undergrd
                                          11   CA   14   M   D   PREM       62.178       26.80       0.61
                                                                            68.422


      COAMLS Coal--App., Met., Low        16   SA   13   C   D   PREM        5.693       26.80       0.49
             Sul., Undergrd

      COABHS Coal--Interior, Bit., High   21   EI   3    H   D   BIT        41.751       22.45       2.75
             Sul., Undergrd

      COABMS Coal--Interior, Bit., Med.   20   EI   2    M   D   BIT        22.711       22.73       1.16
             Sul., Undergrd

      COABLS Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit.,      31   RM   1    C   D   BIT        45.780       23.07       0.42
             Low Sul., Undergrnd

      COABLS Coal--Power River, Bit.,     28   PG   1    C   D   BIT         1.723       21.54       0.58
             Low Sul, Undergrd

                                                                       Surface coal mapping for methane generation
      COBIT1     Coal--App., Bit., High   7    NA   9    H   S   BIT        21.545       24.28       2.69
                 Sulfur, Surface

      COABMS Coal--App., Bitum., Med      6    NA   8    M   S   BIT        18.448       25.54       1.26
             Sulfur, Surface
                                          13   CA   8    M   S   BIT        77.582       24.84       0.85
                                          18   SA   8    M   S   BIT         6.851       24.58       1.19
                                                                            102.880


      COABLS Coal--App., Bitum., Low       5   NA   7    C   S   BIT         1.050       24.71       0.56
             Sulfur, Surface              12   CA   7    C   S   BIT        29.114       25.17       0.54
                                          17   SA   7    C   S   BIT         0.495       25.11       0.53
                                                                 30.660

COABHS Coal--App., Gob, High        8    NA   15   H   S   GOB    8.600    12.43   1.74
       Sulfur
COALMS Coal--App., Lignite, Med.    19   SA   11   M   S   LIG    0.000    12.83   1.14
       Sulfur, Surface
COABHS Coal--Interior, Bit., High   23   EI   9    H   S   BIT   34.001    22.45   2.75
       Sulfur, Surface              24   WI   9    H   S   BIT    2.672    24.52   2.64
                                                                 36.673

COABMS Coal--Interior, Bit., Med    22   EI   8    M   S   BIT   11.713    22.73   1.16
       Sulfur, Surface
COASLS Coal--Rocky Mtn, Sub-        32   RM   7    C   S   SUB    9.926    20.55   0.38
       Bit, Low Sul., Surface
COASMS Coal--Southwest, Sub-        34   ZN   8    M   S   SUB   20.380    18.26   0.87
       bit, Med Sul., Surface
COABLS Coal--Southwest, Bit,        33   ZN   7    C   S   BIT   19.532    21.24   0.47
       Low Sul., Surface
COALMS Coal--Dakota, Lignite,       27   DL   11   M   S   LIG   30.241    13.30   1.14
       Med. Sul., Surface
COASMS Coal--Power R, Sub-Bit,      30   PG   8    M   S   SUB   40.277    17.67   0.77
       Med Sul, Surface

COASLS Coal--Power R, Sub-Bit,      29   PG   7    C   S   SUB   314.920   17.39   0.37
       Low Sul, Surface
COALHS Coal--Gulf, Lignite, High    26   GL   12   H   S   LIG   28.012    12.93   2.08
       Sulfur, Surface
COALMS Coal--Gulf, Lignite, Med.    25   GL   11   M   S   LIG   27.514    12.83   1.14
       Sulfur, Surface
COASMS Coal--Northwest, Sub-        35   AW   8    M   S   SUB    5.983    15.70   0.83
       bit, Med Sul., Surface
                                                                                                                      Underground Mining & Po
hane generation                                                                                              Basin
                              Post-Mining (i.e. coal                                                         Northern App
          Methane release                              1995 Mine    2000 Mine
                               handling) methane                                 1995 Supply 2000 Supply     Central App
            during Mining                              Production   Production
                                    release                                      Bounds (PJ)6 Bounds (PJ)6   Warrior
         ft3 CH4/short ton3                              (PJ)5        (PJ)5
                               ft3 CH4/short ton3                                                            Illinois
                                                                                                             Rockies
               171.7                  55.8               950.0       1023.1         1,409         1,409      N. G. Plains
                                                                                                             West Interior
               171.7                  55.8              1261.4       1358.5                                  Northwest
               330.7                 107.5              1620.6       1472.8
               318.0                 103.4               111.9        101.5                                              Surface Mining & Post-M
               260.0                  84.5              2993.9       2932.8         4,842         4,842      Basin
                                                                                                             Northern App
               171.7                  55.8               33.3         35.9                                   Central App
               330.7                 107.5               768.3        698.2                                  Warrior
               318.0                 103.4               168.4        152.8                                  Illinois
               322.6                 104.8               970.0        886.9         2,212         2,212      Rockies
                                                                                                             N. G. Plains
               171.7                  55.8               126.9        136.6                                  West Interior
               330.7                 107.5              1374.6       1249.3                                  Northwest
               316.2                 102.8              1501.5       1385.9         1,417         1,417
                                                                                                                             Underground Coal Ba
               318.0                 103.4               126.0        114.3          185           185       Basin
                                                                                                             Northern App
               57.2                   18.6               978.5        783.4         1,070         1,070      Central App
                                                                                                             Warrior
               57.2                   18.6               532.3        426.1          706           706       Illinois
                                                                                                             Rockies
               225.8                  73.4               935.1        996.8         1,666         1,666      N. G. Plains
                                                                                                             West Interior
               41.7                   13.5               43.6         29.1           21             21       Northwest


e generation                                                                                                 Methane Quality For All US Basins
               98.60                 16.02                                                                   Ventilation Output
                                                                        1,126.1 1998 coal production, MMT
               98.60                 16.02                             23,761.4 1998 coal production, PJ
               98.60                 16.02
               98.60                 16.02                                                                   Total Ventilation
               98.60                 16.02                                                                   Degas Liberations
                                                                                                             Recovery of Degas
               98.60                 16.02                                                                   % degas recovery
               98.60                 16.02
               98.60                 16.02                                                                                     Underground Coal B
98.6    16.0                                   Basin
                                                                Liberations (PJ)
98.60   16.02                                  Northern App
                                               Central App
98.60   16.02                                  Warrior
                                               Illinois
78.00   12.68                                  Rockies
 6.40    1.04                                  N. G. Plains
 72.8    11.8                                  West Interior
                                               Northwest
78.00   12.68
                1.
                   US Inventory of GHG's 1990 - 2000, USEPA. Appendix E, Table E-2
                2.
30.60   4.97       AEO 2003 - supporting maps, Figure 6, Coal Market Module
                3.
                   US Inventory of GHG's 1990 - 2000, USEPA. Appendix E, Table E-4
                4.
30.60   4.97       US Inventory of GHG's 1990 - 2000, USEPA. Appendix E, Table E-5
                5. US EPA Coal Inventory 2001, Rev. 3
30.60   4.97    6. EPA National Model

6.40    1.04

6.40    1.04                                   Back to Top

6.40    1.04                                   Back to INDEX

6.40    1.04

6.40    1.04

6.40    1.04
nderground Mining & Post-Mining Emissions Factors (cf/ton)   Underground Coal Production, PJ
          Basin        Mining       Post-mining                      1995       2000
           NAB         171.7            55.8                        2,070      2,223
           CAB         330.7           107.5                        3,513      3,177
           WRB         318.0           103.4                          371        335
            ILB         57.2            18.6                        1,456      1,133
           WTB         225.8            73.4                          907        965
            NGP               41.7             13.5                    43          26
            WIN               41.7             13.5                     1           5
           NWB                41.7             13.5                     0           0
                                                                    8,361       7,865
 Surface Mining & Post-Mining Emissions Factors (cf/ton)     Surface Coal Production, PJ          Surface Coal Production, 100
           Basin             Mining         Post-mining              1995        2000                  1995
            NAB               98.60            16.0                   831         737                 39,372
            CAB               98.60            16.0                 2,242       2,331                106,250
           WRB                98.60            16.0                   148          90                  7,036
            ILB               78.00            12.7                   852         710                 40,376
           WTB                30.60            5.0                    984       1,046                 46,643
            NGP               6.40             1.0                  6,992       8,602                331,367
            WIN               6.40             1.0                  1,247       1,143                 59,116
           NWB                6.40             1.0                    139         125                  6,566
                                                                   13,435      14,783                636,726
  Underground Coal Basin Production (1000 short tons)              21,796      22,648
           1995               2000           Growth %
             98,103          105,374          7.41%
            166,495          150,584          -9.56%
             17,605          15,895           -9.71%
             69,009          53,720           -22.16%
             42,994          45,742           6.39%
              2,018           1,210           -40.04%
                   25          241           864.00%
                      0         0               NA


           %CH4           Billion cu ft 4   Percentages
          0.1 - 2.5         X% of 89           60%
           20-70            Y% of 89           25%
           70-90            Y% of 90           15%
                              1995             2000
                              111.2            88.8
           >90%                45.9            45.3
           >90%                29.9            36.3
                              0.651            0.801

     Underground Coal Basin Degas Liberation Rates             Degas Liberations, million cu ft
             1995           2000              1995            2000           State             1995     2000
       Liberations (PJ)           Rates (PJ meth/PJ coal)                    Alabama         11,821   12,220
             13.3            9.0             0.64%           0.40%           Alaska               0        0
             21.3           23.7             0.61%           0.75%           Arizona              0        0
             12.5           12.9             3.36%           3.84%           Arkansas             0        0
              0.0            0.0             0.00%           0.00%           California           0        0
              1.3            2.2             0.14%           0.23%           Colorado         1,241    2,091
              0.0            0.0             0.00%           0.00%           Illinois             0        0
              0.0            0.0             0.00%           0.00%           Indiana              0        0
              0.0            0.0             0.00%           0.00%           Iowa                 0        0
             48.4           47.8                                             Kansas               0        0
PA. Appendix E, Table E-2: Coal Basin Definitions by Basin and by State 23   Kentucky           496        0
oal Market Module                                                            Louisiana            0        0
PA. Appendix E, Table E-4                                                    Maryland             0        0
PA. Appendix E, Table E-5                                                    Missouri             0        0
                                                                             Montana              0        0
                                                                             Mew Mexico           0        0
                                                                             North Dakota         0        0
                                                                             Ohio                 0        0
                                                                             Oklahoma             0        0
                                                                             Pennsylvania     5,376    2,319
                                                                             Tennessee           0        0
o INDEX                                                                      Texas                0        0
                                                                             Utah                 0        0
                                                                             Virginia        19,740   22,506
                                                                             Washington           0        0
                                                                             West Virginia    7,240    6,206
                                                                             Wyoming              0        0
                                                                             TOTAL           45,913   45,342
rface Coal Production, 1000 short tons
               2000
             34,908
            110,479
              4,252
             33,631
             49,587
            407,670
             54,170
              5,911
            700,608
Coal Mining Methane Release Mitigation Technology Data                                                                        Yellow highlight indicates taken from TCH Table 2-2-03.XLS


Economic                                                                                             Emission                 Potential Change in
Driver(s)                Description:                                   Data Source(s):              Factor(s)                Emissions Factor(s)
                                                                                                                              Coal mining shifting from
                         Coal production (underground and surface                                                             underground mining to
                         mining, underground post-mining, surface EIA Annual Energy                  Basin specific           surface mining leading to
Coal Production          mining and surface post-mining)          Outlook 2001                       emission factors         fewer methane emissions.
Mitigation Options
                                                                                                                                                           Fixed O&M       Variable O&M             MAX %
                                                                                                     Reduction                Capital Costs ($/TCE in      Costs ($/TCE in Costs ($/TCE in          subject to                               MARKAL       Conversion
Technologies             Description:                                   Applicability                Efficiency               2000USD)                     2000USD)        2000USD)                 mitigation     LIFE        START RESID   Name         Efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                                    {split by basin}
                         Under this option, coalmines recover           Applied to a portion of
                         methane using vertical wells drilled five      NEW underground, gassy
Initial Mine
                         years in advance of mining, horizontal         mines only. Is a bound                                                                                                                                               SCCAMHUNC,
Degasification and                                                                                                      57% $                     20.71    $         12.74   $              -                49%          15     2005                              98%
                         boreholes drilled one year in advance, and     needed to limit the % of                                                                                                                                             etc.
Capture
                         gob wells. The captured methane is sold        new mines, or can 100%
                         to a pipeline.                                 of new mines install this?
                         Under this option, coalmines recover           Applied to a portion of
                         methane using vertical wells drilled five      NEW underground, gassy
Initial Mine
                         years in advance of mining, horizontal         mines only. Is a bound                                                                                                                                               SCCAMHUNV,
Degasification and                                                                                                      0% $                       6.90    $          4.25   $              -                49%          15     2005                              98%
                         boreholes drilled one year in advance, and     needed to limit the % of                                                                                                                                             etc.
Venting
                         gob wells. The captured methane is sold        new mines, or can 100%
                         to a pipeline.                                 of new mines install this?
                         This consists of gas recovery-and-use
                         incremental to degasification and pipeline
                                                                        Applied to existing
                         injection as well as spacing is tightened to
Gob Gas Upgrade -                                                       underground gassy mines
                         increase recovery efficiency. Mines invest                                                     77% $                     78.90    $         22.88   $              -                17%          15     1995        PCBMGGUE2             95%
Existing Mines                                                          that have installed degas
                         in enrichment technologies to enhance the
                                                                        systems.
                         gob gas that is sold to natural gas
                         companies.
                                                                        Applied to new
Gob Gas Upgrade -
                                                                        underground gassy mines
New Captured                              = same =                                                                      77% $                     52.60    $         15.25   $              -                17%          15     2005        PCBMGGUC2             95%
                                                                        that have installed degas
Mines
                                                                        systems.
                                                                        Applied to new
Gob Gas Upgrade -                                                       underground gassy mines
                                          = same =                                                                      77% $                     78.90    $         22.88   $              -                17%          15     2005        PCBMGGUV2             95%
New Vented Mines                                                        that have installed degas
                                                                        systems.
                                                                        Applied to all
                     Eliminate methane emissions from
                                                                        underground, gassy
Flaring of Coal Mine ventilation air using a flare. A pipeline is
                                                                        mines. The technology                           98%    $                 166.92    $         10.83   $              -                19%          15     1995        PCBMFLR2             100%
Methane              needed to transport the gas to a safe
                                                                        has not yet been
                     distrance from the mine.
                                                                        implemented in the U.S.
                         Technology uses catalytic oxidation. Data      Applied to all underground
On/Off site Electric       taken from "Technical and Economic           mines with medium quality
with Coal Mine              Assessment: Mitigation of Methane           gas. The technology has                         98% $                  1,304.93    $        280.32   $              -                19%          15     2000        ECBMELC2              28%
Methane                  Emissions from Coal Mine Ventilation Air,      not yet been implemented
                                      EPA Feb 2000.                     in the U.S.

                    Technology uses catalytic oxidation. Data           Applied to all underground
On/Off site Process   taken from "Technical and Economic                mines with medium quality
Heat with Coal Mine    Assessment: Mitigation of Methane                gas. The technology has                         98%    $                   9.55     $         0.31   $              -                19%          15     2000        PCBMPRH2              80%
Methane             Emissions from Coal Mine Ventilation Air,           not yet been implemented
                                 EPA Feb 2000.                          in the U.S.

                         Technology uses catalytic oxidation. Data      Applied to all underground
On/Off site                taken from "Technical and Economic           mines with medium quality
Cogeneration with           Assessment: Mitigation of Methane           gas. The technology has                         98% $                  1,800.00    $         87.60   $              -                19%          15     2000        ECBMCOG2              70%
Coal Mine Methane        Emissions from Coal Mine Ventilation Air,      not yet been implemented
                                      EPA Feb 2000.                     in the U.S.



                                       On/Off site Electric                                          On/Off site Process Heat                                                On/Off site Cogeneration

       Turbine Output                                          7996     kWe                                  Boiler Output                  0.535802947    PJ/a                   Turbine Output                 kWe
          Capital Cost                                     10.43425     M$                                    Capital Cost                        5.1175   M$                        Capital Cost                M$
             Inv Cost                                       1304.93     M$/GW                                     Inv Cost                          9.55   M$/Pja                       Inv Cost         1800.00 M$/GW
            O&M cost                                          0.032     $/kWh                             Fixed O&M cost                            0.31   M$/PJa                      O&M cost             0.01 $/kWh
      Fixed O&M cost                                         280.32     M$/GW                           Variable O&M cost                          0.662   M$/PJ                 Fixed O&M cost            87.60 M$/GW
            Efficiency                                         28%                                               Efficiency                      80.05%                           Elec Efficiency           70%



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                         Back to INDEX
Coal Resource Characteristics
 Surface Coal
Name        SCCABHS                Description                     Coal--App., Bit., High Sulfur, Surfa
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID           1995    2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                 0.1045    0.104          0.104

Name        SCCABMS                Description                     Coal--App., Bitum., Med Sulfur, Su
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.104    0.104          0.104

Name        SCCAGHS                Description                     Coal--App., Gob, High Sulfur
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.104    0.104          0.104

Name        SCCALMS                Description                     Coal--App., Lignite, Med. Sulfur, S
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.104    0.104          0.104

Name        SCCABLS                Description                     Coal--App., Bitum., Low Sulfur, Su
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.104    0.104          0.104

Name        SCCIBHS                Description                     Coal--Interior, Bit., High Sulfur, Su
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.077    0.077          0.077

Name        SCCIBMS                Description                     Coal--Interior, Bit., Med Sulfur, Sur
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.083    0.083          0.083

Name        SCCRSLS                Description                     Coal--Rocky Mtn, Sub-Bit, Low Su
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.032    0.032          0.032

Name        SCCSSMS                Description                     Coal--Southwest, Sub-bit, Med Sul
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.032    0.032          0.032

Name        SCCSBLS                Description                     Coal--Southwest, Bit, Low Sul., Su
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.032    0.032          0.032

Name        SCCDLMS                Description                     Coal--Dakota, Lignite, Med. Sul., S
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.007    0.007          0.007

Name        SCCPSMS                Description                     Coal--Power R, Sub-Bit, Med Sul, S
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units      TID          1995     2000           2005
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.007    0.007          0.007
Name         SCCPSLS                   Description                         Coal--Power R, Sub-Bit, Low Sul, S
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID          1995        2000            2005
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR         kt/PJ                     0.007       0.007           0.007

Name         SCCGLHS                   Description                         Coal--Gulf, Lignite, High Sulfur, Su
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID          1995        2000            2005
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR         kt/PJ                     0.007       0.007           0.007

Name         SCCGLMS                   Description                         Coal--Gulf, Lignite, Med. Sulfur, Su
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID          1995        2000            2005
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR         kt/PJ                     0.007       0.007           0.007

Name         SCCNSMS                   Description                         Coal--Northwest, Sub-bit, Med Sul
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID          1995        2000            2005
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR         kt/PJ                     0.007       0.007           0.007


 Underground Coal (Existing & New)
Name         SCCABHU                   Description             Existing Coal--App., Bit., High Sulfur, Unde
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID          1995        2000             2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                                                1,023.1
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                  0.2073      0.2073          0.2073
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                     0.0013      0.0013          0.0013
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                     0.0051      0.0051          0.0051
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                     0.0021      0.0021          0.0021

Name         SCCABHUNC                 Description                         New Coal--App., Bit., HSU w/ DEGA
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID           1995       2000            2005
AF                                                       1.0         1.0             1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                   0.207       0.207           0.207
INP(ENT)p    CABHU            PJ                         1.0         1.0             1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABHS           PJ                         1.0         1.0             1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIC           PJ                     0.0013       0.001           0.001
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                     0.0051       0.005           0.005
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                     0.0021       0.002           0.002
VAROM                         m$/PJa                  0.010       0.010           0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCABHUNV                 Description                         New Coal--App., Bit., HSU w/ DEGA
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID          1995        2000            2005
AF                                                       1.0         1.0             1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                   0.207       0.207           0.207
INP(ENT)p    CABHU            PJ                         1.0         1.0             1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABHS           PJ                         1.0         1.0             1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                      0.001       0.001           0.001
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                      0.005       0.005           0.005
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                      0.002       0.002           0.002
VAROM                         m$/PJa                  0.010       0.010           0.010
LIFE                                            5
START                                       2005

Name         PCABHUDC1                 Description                         DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App.,
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID           1995        2000           2005
AF                                                       1.0         1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                  0.0504      0.0504         0.0504
ENV_ACT      MTHDUM           kt/PJ                  0.0668      0.0668         0.0668
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                  1.221       1.221          1.221
INP(ENT)p    CABHU            PJ                         1.0         1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                  1.985          2.0            2.0
LAG(MAT)     CABHDC           PJ                         1.0         1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    NGA05            PJ                     0.0668      0.0668         0.0668
OUT(MAT)p    CABHDC           PJ                      1.000       1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCABHUDV1                 Description                         DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., B
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID           1995        2000           2005
AF                                                       1.0         1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                  0.1172      0.1172         0.1172
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                  0.407       0.407          0.407
INP(ENT)p    CABHU            PJ                         1.0         1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                  0.662       0.662          0.662
LAG(MAT)     CABHDV           PJ                         1.0         1.0            1.0
OUT(MAT)p    CABHDV           PJ                      1.000       1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCABMU                   Description             Existing Coal--App., Bit., Med. Sulfur, Unde
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID          1995        2000             2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                                                2,932.8
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                   0.314       0.314           0.314
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                     0.0019      0.0019          0.0019
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                     0.0078      0.0078          0.0078
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                     0.0032      0.0032          0.0032

Name         SCCABMUNC                 Description                         New Coal--App., Bit., MSU w/ DEG
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID           1995        2000           2005
AF                                                       1.0         1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                   0.314       0.314          0.314
INP(ENT)p    CABMU            PJ                         1.0         1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABMS           PJ                         1.0         1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIC           PJ                     0.0019      0.0019         0.0019
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                     0.0078      0.0078         0.0078
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                     0.0032      0.0032         0.0032
VAROM                         m$/PJa                  0.010       0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCABMUNV                 Description                         New Coal--App., Bit., MSU w/ DEG
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID          1995        2000            2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         0.314           0.314          0.314
INP(ENT)p    CABMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABMS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                           0.0019          0.0019         0.0019
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0078          0.0078         0.0078
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0032          0.0032         0.0032
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCABMUDC1                 Description                                   DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App.,
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.0504          0.0504         0.0504
ENV_ACT      MTHDUM           kt/PJ                        0.0668          0.0668         0.0668
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        1.221           1.221          1.221
INP(ENT)p    CABMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        1.985              2.0            2.0
LAG(MAT)     CABMDC           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    NGA05            PJ                           0.0668          0.0668         0.0668
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDC           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCABMUDV1                 Description                                   DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., B
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.1172          0.1172         0.1172
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        0.407           0.407          0.407
INP(ENT)p    CABMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        0.662           0.662          0.662
LAG(MAT)     CABMDV           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDV           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCAMMU                   Description                    Existing Coal--App., Met., Med Sul., Underg
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                1995            2000            2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF             INF                   114.3
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.2073          0.2073         0.2073
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0095          0.0095         0.0095
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0040          0.0040         0.0040

Name         SCCAMMUNC                 Description                                   New Coal--App., Met., MSU w/ DEG
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.2073          0.2073         0.2073
INP(ENT)p    CAMMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COAMMS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIC           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0095          0.0095         0.0095
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0040          0.0040         0.0040
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCAMMUNV                 Description                                   New Coal--App., Met., MSU w/ DEG
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.2073          0.2073         0.2073
INP(ENT)p    CAMMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COAMMS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0095          0.0095         0.0095
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0040          0.0040         0.0040
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCAMMUDC1                 Description                                   DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App.,
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.0476          0.0476         0.0476
ENV_ACT      MTHDUM           kt/PJ                        0.0631          0.0631         0.0631
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        1.221           1.221          1.221
INP(ENT)p    CAMMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        1.985           1.985          1.985
LAG(MAT)     CABMDC           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    NGA05            PJ                           0.0631          0.0631         0.0631
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDC           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCAMMUDV1                 Description                                   DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., M
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.1108          0.1108         0.1108
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        0.407           0.407          0.407
INP(ENT)p    CAMMU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        0.662           0.662          0.662
LAG(MAT)     CABMDV           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDV           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCABLU                   Description                    Existing Coal--App., Bitum., Low Sulfur, Un
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                1995            2000            2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF             INF                   886.9
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.3896          0.3896         0.3896
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p   CBMLOW         PJ                     0.0097    0.0097         0.0097
OUT(ENC)p   CBMMED         PJ                     0.0040    0.0040         0.0040

Name        SCCABLUNC               Description                       New Coal--App., Bit., LSU w/ DEGA
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995      2000           2005
AF                                                    1.0       1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.3896    0.3896         0.3896
INP(ENT)p   CABLU          PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p   COABLS         PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p   CBMHIC         PJ                     0.0024    0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p   CBMLOW         PJ                     0.0097    0.0097         0.0097
OUT(ENC)p   CBMMED         PJ                     0.0040    0.0040         0.0040
VAROM                      m$/PJa                  0.010     0.010          0.010
LIFE                                        5
START                                    2005

Name        SCCABLUNV               Description                       New Coal--App., Bit., LSU w/ DEGA
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995      2000           2005
AF                                                    1.0       1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.3896    0.3896         0.3896
INP(ENT)p   CABLU          PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p   COABLS         PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p   CBMHIV         PJ                     0.0024    0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p   CBMLOW         PJ                     0.0097    0.0097         0.0097
OUT(ENC)p   CBMMED         PJ                     0.0040    0.0040         0.0040
VAROM                      m$/PJa                  0.010     0.010          0.010
LIFE                                        5
START                                    2005

Name        PCABLUDC1               Description                       DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App.,
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995      2000           2005
AF                                                    1.0       1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.0476    0.0476         0.0476
ENV_ACT     MTHDUM         kt/PJ                  0.0631    0.0631         0.0631
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                  1.221     1.221          1.221
INP(ENT)p   CABLU          PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                  1.985     1.985          1.985
LAG(MAT)    CABMDC         PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p   NGA05          PJ                     0.0631    0.0631         0.0631
OUT(MAT)p   CABMDC         PJ                      1.000     1.000          1.000
LIFE                                        5
START                                    2005

Name        PCABLUDV1               Description                       DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., B
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis Units       TID           1995      2000           2005
AF                                                    1.0       1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR         kt/PJ                  0.1108    0.1108         0.1108
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                  0.407     0.407          0.407
INP(ENT)p   CABLU          PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                  0.662     0.662          0.662
LAG(MAT)    CABMDV         PJ                         1.0       1.0            1.0
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDV           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCAMLU                   Description                    Existing Coal--App., Met., Low Sul., Underg
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                1995            2000             2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF             INF                  1,385.9
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.3840          0.3840          0.3840
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024          0.0024
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0095          0.0095          0.0095
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0040          0.0040          0.0040

Name         SCCAMLUNC                 Description                                   New Coal--App., Met., LSU w/ DEG
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.3840          0.3840         0.3840
INP(ENT)p    CAMLU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COAMLS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIC           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0095          0.0095         0.0095
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0040          0.0040         0.0040
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCAMLUNV                 Description                                   New Coal--App., Met., LSU w/ DEG
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.3840          0.3840         0.3840
INP(ENT)p    CAMLU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COAMLS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                           0.0024          0.0024         0.0024
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0095          0.0095         0.0095
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0040          0.0040         0.0040
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCAMLUDC1                 Description                                   DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App.,
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.0476          0.0476         0.0476
ENV_ACT      MTHDUM           kt/PJ                        0.0631          0.0631         0.0631
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        1.221           1.221          1.221
INP(ENT)p    CAMLU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        1.985           1.985          1.985
LAG(MAT)     CABMDC           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    NGA05            PJ                           0.0631          0.0631         0.0631
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDC           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005
Name         PCAMLUDV1                 Description                                     DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., M
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                  1995             2000           2005
AF                                                              1.0              1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         0.1108           0.1108         0.1108
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                         0.407            0.407          0.407
INP(ENT)p    CAMLU            PJ                                1.0              1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                         0.662            0.662          0.662
LAG(MAT)     CABMDV           PJ                                1.0              1.0            1.0
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDV           PJ                             1.000            1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCIBHU                   Description                      Existing Coal--Interior, Bit., High Sul., Unde
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                 1995             2000            2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF               INF                   783.4
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                          0.069            0.069          0.069
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                            0.0004           0.0004         0.0004
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                            0.0017           0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                            0.0007           0.0007         0.0007

Name         SCCIBHUN                  Description                            New Coal--Interior, Bit., High Sul., Unde
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                  1995             2000           2005
AF                                                              1.0              1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                          0.069            0.069          0.069
INP(ENT)p    CIBHU            PJ                                1.0              1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABHS           PJ                                1.0              1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                            0.0004           0.0004         0.0004
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                            0.0017           0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                            0.0007           0.0007         0.0007
VAROM        COABHS           m$/PJa                         0.010            0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCIBMU                   Description                      Existing Coal--Interior, Bit., Med. Sul., Unde
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                 1995             2000            2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF               INF                   426.1
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                          0.069            0.069          0.069
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                            0.0004            0.000          0.000
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                            0.0017           0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                            0.0007           0.0007         0.0007

Name         SCCIBMUN                  Description                            New Coal--Interior, Bit., Med. Sul., Unde
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                  1995             2000           2005
AF                                                               1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                           0.069           0.069          0.069
INP(ENT)p    CIBMU            PJ                                 1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                       0.00001               0.0            0.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABMS           PJ                                 1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                            0.0004           0.0004         0.0004
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                            0.0017           0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0007          0.0007         0.0007
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCRBLU                   Description                    Existing Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., Low Sul., U
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                1995            2000            2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF             INF                   996.8
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.2727          0.2727         0.2727
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                           0.0017          0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0068          0.0068         0.0068
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0028          0.0028         0.0028

Name         SCCRBLUNC                 Description                                   New Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., LSU w
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.2727          0.2727         0.2727
INP(ENT)p    CRBLU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABLS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIC           PJ                           0.0017          0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0068          0.0068         0.0068
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0028          0.0028         0.0028
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCRBLUNV                 Description                                   New Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., LSU w
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                        0.2727          0.2727         0.2727
INP(ENT)p    CRBLU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABLS           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                           0.0017          0.0017         0.0017
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0068          0.0068         0.0068
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0028          0.0028         0.0028
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010           0.010          0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         PCRBLUDC1                 Description                                   DEGAS Capture: New Coal--Rocky
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995            2000           2005
AF                                                             1.0             1.0            1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         0.011           0.011          0.011
ENV_ACT      MTHDUM           kt/PJ                         0.015           0.015          0.015
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        1.221           1.221          1.221
INP(ENT)p    CRBLU            PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        1.985           1.985          1.985
LAG(MAT)     CABMDC           PJ                               1.0             1.0            1.0
OUT(ENC)p    NGA05            PJ                           0.0150          0.0150         0.0150
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDC           PJ                            1.000           1.000          1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005
Name         PCRBLUDV1                 Description                                     DEGAS Venting: New Coal--Rocky
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                1995             2000             2005
AF                                                             1.0              1.0              1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         0.026            0.026            0.026
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                        0.407            0.407            0.407
INP(ENT)p    CRBLU            PJ                               1.0              1.0              1.0
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                        0.662            0.662            0.662
LAG(MAT)     CABMDV           PJ                               1.0              1.0              1.0
OUT(MAT)p    CABMDV           PJ                            1.000            1.000            1.000
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005

Name         SCCPBLU                   Description                     Existing Coal--Power River, Bit., Low Sul, U
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis   Units       TID                1995             2000              2005
BOUND(BD)O   UP               PJ                     INF              INF                       29.1
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         0.050            0.050            0.050
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIE           PJ                           0.0003           0.0003           0.0003
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0012           0.0012           0.0012
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0005           0.0005           0.0005

Name         SCCPBLUN                  Description                           New Coal--Power River, Bit., Low Sul, U
Parameter    Energy/BD/Emis Units         TID                 1995             2000             2005
AF                                                             1.0              1.0              1.0
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         0.050            0.050            0.050
INP(ENT)p    CPBLU            PJ                               1.0              1.0              1.0
OUT(ENC)p    COABLS           PJ                               1.0              1.0              1.0
OUT(ENC)p    CBMHIV           PJ                           0.0003           0.0003           0.0003
OUT(ENC)p    CBMLOW           PJ                           0.0012           0.0012           0.0012
OUT(ENC)p    CBMMED           PJ                           0.0005           0.0005           0.0005
VAROM                         m$/PJa                        0.010            0.010            0.010
LIFE                                           5
START                                       2005


Coal Process & Conversion Technologies Characteristics
Name         PCBMGGUE2                 Description                                     Gob Gas Upgrade - Existing Mines
Parameter    Energy           Units       TID                 1995             2000            2005
AF                                                           1.00             1.00             1.00
A_CBMDGE     UP                                              0.65             0.80             0.80
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR           kt/PJ                         -14.04           -14.04          -14.04
FIXOM                         m$/PJa                         2.193            2.193           2.193
INP(ENT)p    CBMHIE                                          1.05             1.05             1.05
INVCOST                       m$/PJa                         7.563            7.563           7.563
OUT(ENC)p    NGA05            PJ                                1.0              1.0             1.0
LIFE                                          15
START                                       1995

Name         PCBMGGUV2                 Description                                     Gob Gas Upgrade - New Vented Mines
Parameter    Energy           Units       TID                1995             2000             2005
AF                                                           1.00             1.00             1.00
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR      kt/PJ                    -14.04     -14.04           -14.04
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                    2.389       2.389            2.389
GROWTH                                                                            1.300
INP(ENT)p      CBMHIV                                1.05        1.05             1.05
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                    8.240       8.240            8.240
OUT(ENC)p      NGA05       PJ                           1.0         1.0              1.0
GROWTH_TID                                  1
LIFE                                       15
START                                    2005

Name           PCBMGGUC2            Description                         Gob Gas Upgrade - New Captured Min
Parameter      Energy      Units       TID            1995        2000           2005
AF                                                   1.00        1.00           1.00
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR      kt/PJ                    -14.04     -14.04         -14.04
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                    1.593       1.593          1.593
GROWTH                                                                          1.300
INP(ENT)p      CBMHIC                                1.05        1.05           1.05
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                    5.494       5.494          5.494
OUT(ENC)p      NGA05       PJ                           1.0         1.0            1.0
GROWTH_TID                                  1
LIFE                                        0
START                                    2005

Name           PCBMFLR2             Description                           Flaring of Coal Mine Methane
Parameter      Energy      Units       TID            1995        2000              2005
AF                                                    1.00        1.00              1.00
ENV_ACT        CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0134      0.0134            0.0134
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -17.8704    -17.8704          -17.8704
FIXOM                      m$/PJa                   1.0376    1.0376            1.0376
INP(ENT)p      CBMLOW                               1.0000      1.0000            1.0000
INVCOST                    m$/PJa                  15.9993     15.9993           15.9993
VAROM                      m$/PJ                        0.0         0.0               0.0
LIFE                                       20
START                                    1995

Name           ECBMELC2             Description                        On/Off site Electric with Coal Mine Me
Parameter      Energy      Units       TID            1995       2000           2005
AF                                                    1.00       1.00           1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                     0.00       0.10
ENV_ACT        CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0134     0.0134         0.0134
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR      kt/PJ                    -17.87     -17.87         -17.87
FIXOM                      m$/GW                    280.32     280.32         280.32
GROWTH                                                            1.30           1.30
INP(ENT)c      CBMMED                               3.57          3.57           3.57
INVCOST                    m$/GW                  1304.93     1304.93        1304.93
VAROM                      m$/PJ                      0.0          0.0            0.0
CAPUNIT                                31.536
GROWTH_TID                                 0.1
LIFE                                        20
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                           1
START                                    1995
Name           PCBMPRH2            Description                                   On/Off site Process Heat with Coal Mi
Parameter      Energy     Units       TID                   1995        2000              2005
AF                                                          1.00        1.00              1.00
ENV_ACT        CO2        kt/PJ                          0.0134      0.0134            0.0134
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR     kt/PJ                           -17.87     -17.87             -17.87
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                             0.28        0.28              0.28
INP(ENT)c      CBMMED                                       1.25         1.25              1.25
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                             8.77        8.77              8.77
OUT(ENC)p      INDHET     PJ                                  1.0         1.0               1.0
PEAKCON
VAROM                     m$/PJ                                0.0        0.0              0.0
AF_TID                                       1
CAPUNIT                                      1
LIFE                                        15
OUT(LTH)_TID                       INDHET
START                                   1995

Name           ECBMCOG2            Description                                   On/Off site Cogeneration with Coal Mi
Parameter      Energy     Units       TID                   1995         2000             2005
AF                                                          1.00        1.00              1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                           0.00        0.10
ENV_ACT        CO2        mt/PJ                          0.0134      0.0134            0.0134
ENV_ACT        MTHAIR     kt/PJ                           -17.87      -17.87            -17.87
FIXOM                     m$/GW                            87.60        87.60             87.60
GROWTH                                                                    1.30             1.30
INP(ENT)c      OILD                                        1.43           1.43             1.43
INVCOST                   m$/GW                          1800.00     1800.00           1800.00
OUT(ENC)c      INDHET     PJ/PJ                             1.00          1.00             1.00
VAROM                     m$/PJ                              0.0           0.0              0.0
CAPUNIT                               31.536
GROWTH_TID                                0.1
LIFE                                       20
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                          1
START                                   1995



                                                 Back to Top

                                                 Back to INDEX
Coal--App., Bit., High Sulfur, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.104          0.104     0.104   0.104   0.104   0.104

Coal--App., Bitum., Med Sulfur, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.104          0.104     0.104   0.104   0.104   0.104

Coal--App., Gob, High Sulfur
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.104          0.104     0.104   0.104   0.104   0.104

Coal--App., Lignite, Med. Sulfur, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.104          0.104     0.104   0.104   0.104   0.104

Coal--App., Bitum., Low Sulfur, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.104          0.104     0.104   0.104   0.104   0.104

Coal--Interior, Bit., High Sulfur, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.077          0.077     0.077   0.077   0.077   0.077

Coal--Interior, Bit., Med Sulfur, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.083          0.083     0.083   0.083   0.083   0.083

Coal--Rocky Mtn, Sub-Bit, Low Sul., Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.032          0.032     0.032   0.032   0.032   0.032

Coal--Southwest, Sub-bit, Med Sul., Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.032          0.032     0.032   0.032   0.032   0.032

Coal--Southwest, Bit, Low Sul., Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.032          0.032     0.032   0.032   0.032   0.032

Coal--Dakota, Lignite, Med. Sul., Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.007          0.007     0.007   0.007   0.007   0.007

Coal--Power R, Sub-Bit, Med Sul, Surface
                      2010           2015      2020    2025    2030    2035
                     0.007          0.007     0.007   0.007   0.007   0.007
Coal--Power R, Sub-Bit, Low Sul, Surface
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                     0.007        0.007        0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007

Coal--Gulf, Lignite, High Sulfur, Surface
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                     0.007        0.007        0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007

Coal--Gulf, Lignite, Med. Sulfur, Surface
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                     0.007        0.007        0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007

Coal--Northwest, Sub-bit, Med Sul., Surface
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                     0.007        0.007        0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007




Coal--App., Bit., High Sulfur, Undergrd
                       2010          2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                   1,023.1       1,023.1      1,023.1    1,023.1    1,023.1    1,023.1
                    0.2073        0.2073       0.2073     0.2073     0.2073     0.2073
                    0.0013        0.0013       0.0013     0.0013     0.0013     0.0013
                    0.0051        0.0051       0.0051     0.0051     0.0051     0.0051
                    0.0021        0.0021       0.0021     0.0021     0.0021     0.0021

New Coal--App., Bit., HSU w/ DEGAS Capture
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                        1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                     0.207        0.207        0.207      0.207      0.207      0.207
                        1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                        1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                     0.001        0.001        0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001
                     0.005        0.005        0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005
                     0.002        0.002        0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002
                     0.010        0.010        0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010




New Coal--App., Bit., HSU w/ DEGAS Venting
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                        1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                     0.207        0.207        0.207      0.207      0.207      0.207
                        1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                        1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                     0.001        0.001        0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001
                     0.005        0.005        0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005
                     0.002        0.002        0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002
                     0.010        0.010        0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010
DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App., Bit., HSU
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0504       0.0504       0.0504     0.0504     0.0504     0.0504
                   0.0668       0.0668       0.0668     0.0668     0.0668     0.0668
                    1.221        1.221        1.221      1.221      1.221      1.221
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                       2.0          2.0          2.0        2.0        2.0        2.0
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0668       0.0668       0.0668     0.0668     0.0668     0.0668
                    1.000        1.000        1.000      1.000      1.000      1.000




DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., Bit., HSU
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.1172       0.1172       0.1172     0.1172     0.1172     0.1172
                    0.407        0.407        0.407      0.407      0.407      0.407
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    0.662        0.662        0.662      0.662      0.662      0.662
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    1.000        1.000        1.000      1.000      1.000      1.000




Coal--App., Bit., Med. Sulfur, Undergrnd
                      2010          2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                  2,932.8       2,932.8      2,932.8    2,932.8    2,932.8    2,932.8
                    0.314         0.314        0.314      0.314      0.314      0.314
                   0.0019        0.0019       0.0019     0.0019     0.0019     0.0019
                   0.0078        0.0078       0.0078     0.0078     0.0078     0.0078
                   0.0032        0.0032       0.0032     0.0032     0.0032     0.0032

New Coal--App., Bit., MSU w/ DEGAS Capture
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    0.314        0.314        0.314      0.314      0.314      0.314
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0019       0.0019       0.0019     0.0019     0.0019     0.0019
                   0.0078       0.0078       0.0078     0.0078     0.0078     0.0078
                   0.0032       0.0032       0.0032     0.0032     0.0032     0.0032
                    0.010        0.010        0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010




New Coal--App., Bit., MSU w/ DEGAS Venting
                     2010          2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    0.314        0.314      0.314     0.314     0.314     0.314
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.0019       0.0019     0.0019    0.0019    0.0019    0.0019
                   0.0078       0.0078     0.0078    0.0078    0.0078    0.0078
                   0.0032       0.0032     0.0032    0.0032    0.0032    0.0032
                    0.010        0.010      0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App., Bit., MSU
                      2010         2015       2020      2025      2030      2035
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.0504       0.0504     0.0504    0.0504    0.0504    0.0504
                   0.0668       0.0668     0.0668    0.0668    0.0668    0.0668
                    1.221        1.221      1.221     1.221     1.221     1.221
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                       2.0          2.0        2.0       2.0       2.0       2.0
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.0668       0.0668     0.0668    0.0668    0.0668    0.0668
                    1.000        1.000      1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000




DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., Bit., MSU
                      2010         2015       2020      2025      2030      2035
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.1172       0.1172     0.1172    0.1172    0.1172    0.1172
                    0.407        0.407      0.407     0.407     0.407     0.407
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    0.662        0.662      0.662     0.662     0.662     0.662
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    1.000        1.000      1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000




Coal--App., Met., Med Sul., Undergrd
                      2010         2015       2020      2025      2030      2035
                    114.3        114.3      114.3     114.3     114.3     114.3
                   0.2073       0.2073     0.2073    0.2073    0.2073    0.2073
                   0.0024       0.0024     0.0024    0.0024    0.0024    0.0024
                   0.0095       0.0095     0.0095    0.0095    0.0095    0.0095
                   0.0040       0.0040     0.0040    0.0040    0.0040    0.0040

New Coal--App., Met., MSU w/ DEGAS Capture
                      2010         2015       2020      2025      2030      2035
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.2073       0.2073     0.2073    0.2073    0.2073    0.2073
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0024       0.0024        0.0024    0.0024    0.0024    0.0024
                  0.0095       0.0095        0.0095    0.0095    0.0095    0.0095
                  0.0040       0.0040        0.0040    0.0040    0.0040    0.0040
                   0.010        0.010         0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




New Coal--App., Met., MSU w/ DEGAS Venting
                     2010         2015          2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.2073       0.2073        0.2073    0.2073    0.2073    0.2073
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0024       0.0024        0.0024    0.0024    0.0024    0.0024
                  0.0095       0.0095        0.0095    0.0095    0.0095    0.0095
                  0.0040       0.0040        0.0040    0.0040    0.0040    0.0040
                   0.010        0.010         0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App., Met., MSU
                     2010         2015          2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0476       0.0476        0.0476    0.0476    0.0476    0.0476
                  0.0631       0.0631        0.0631    0.0631    0.0631    0.0631
                   1.221        1.221         1.221     1.221     1.221     1.221
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   1.985        1.985         1.985     1.985     1.985     1.985
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0631       0.0631        0.0631    0.0631    0.0631    0.0631
                   1.000        1.000         1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000




DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., Met., MSU
                     2010         2015          2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.1108       0.1108        0.1108    0.1108    0.1108    0.1108
                   0.407        0.407         0.407     0.407     0.407     0.407
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.662        0.662         0.662     0.662     0.662     0.662
                      1.0          1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   1.000        1.000         1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000




Coal--App., Bitum., Low Sulfur, Undergrd
                     2010         2015          2020      2025      2030      2035
                   886.9        886.9         886.9     886.9     886.9     886.9
                  0.3896       0.3896        0.3896    0.3896    0.3896    0.3896
                  0.0024       0.0024        0.0024    0.0024    0.0024    0.0024
                  0.0097      0.0097         0.0097    0.0097    0.0097    0.0097
                  0.0040      0.0040         0.0040    0.0040    0.0040    0.0040

New Coal--App., Bit., LSU w/ DEGAS Capture
                     2010        2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.3896      0.3896         0.3896    0.3896    0.3896    0.3896
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0024      0.0024         0.0024    0.0024    0.0024    0.0024
                  0.0097      0.0097         0.0097    0.0097    0.0097    0.0097
                  0.0040      0.0040         0.0040    0.0040    0.0040    0.0040
                   0.010       0.010          0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




New Coal--App., Bit., LSU w/ DEGAS Venting
                     2010        2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.3896      0.3896         0.3896    0.3896    0.3896    0.3896
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0024      0.0024         0.0024    0.0024    0.0024    0.0024
                  0.0097      0.0097         0.0097    0.0097    0.0097    0.0097
                  0.0040      0.0040         0.0040    0.0040    0.0040    0.0040
                   0.010       0.010          0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App., Bit., LSU
                     2010        2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0476      0.0476         0.0476    0.0476    0.0476    0.0476
                  0.0631      0.0631         0.0631    0.0631    0.0631    0.0631
                   1.221       1.221          1.221     1.221     1.221     1.221
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   1.985       1.985          1.985     1.985     1.985     1.985
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0631      0.0631         0.0631    0.0631    0.0631    0.0631
                   1.000       1.000          1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000




DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., Bit., LSU
                     2010        2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.1108      0.1108         0.1108    0.1108    0.1108    0.1108
                   0.407       0.407          0.407     0.407     0.407     0.407
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.662       0.662          0.662     0.662     0.662     0.662
                      1.0         1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    1.000        1.000        1.000      1.000      1.000      1.000




Coal--App., Met., Low Sul., Undergrd
                      2010         2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1,385.9      1,385.9       1,385.9    1,385.9    1,385.9    1,385.9
                   0.3840       0.3840        0.3840     0.3840     0.3840     0.3840
                   0.0024       0.0024        0.0024     0.0024     0.0024     0.0024
                   0.0095       0.0095        0.0095     0.0095     0.0095     0.0095
                   0.0040       0.0040        0.0040     0.0040     0.0040     0.0040

New Coal--App., Met., LSU w/ DEGAS Capture
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.3840       0.3840       0.3840     0.3840     0.3840     0.3840
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0024       0.0024       0.0024     0.0024     0.0024     0.0024
                   0.0095       0.0095       0.0095     0.0095     0.0095     0.0095
                   0.0040       0.0040       0.0040     0.0040     0.0040     0.0040
                    0.010        0.010        0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010




New Coal--App., Met., LSU w/ DEGAS Venting
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.3840       0.3840       0.3840     0.3840     0.3840     0.3840
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0024       0.0024       0.0024     0.0024     0.0024     0.0024
                   0.0095       0.0095       0.0095     0.0095     0.0095     0.0095
                   0.0040       0.0040       0.0040     0.0040     0.0040     0.0040
                    0.010        0.010        0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010




DEGAS Capture: New Coal--App., Met., LSU
                      2010         2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0476       0.0476       0.0476     0.0476     0.0476     0.0476
                   0.0631       0.0631       0.0631     0.0631     0.0631     0.0631
                    1.221        1.221        1.221      1.221      1.221      1.221
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    1.985        1.985        1.985      1.985      1.985      1.985
                       1.0          1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0631       0.0631       0.0631     0.0631     0.0631     0.0631
                    1.000        1.000        1.000      1.000      1.000      1.000
DEGAS Venting: New Coal--App., Met., LSU
                       2010          2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    0.1108        0.1108    0.1108    0.1108    0.1108    0.1108
                     0.407         0.407     0.407     0.407     0.407     0.407
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                     0.662         0.662     0.662     0.662     0.662     0.662
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                     1.000         1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000




Coal--Interior, Bit., High Sul., Undergrd
                       2010          2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
                     783.4         783.4     783.4     783.4     783.4     783.4
                     0.069         0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069
                    0.0004        0.0004    0.0004    0.0004    0.0004    0.0004
                    0.0017        0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                    0.0007        0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007

Coal--Interior, Bit., High Sul., Undergrd
                       2010          2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                     0.069         0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    0.0004        0.0004    0.0004    0.0004    0.0004    0.0004
                    0.0017        0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                    0.0007        0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007
                     0.010         0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




Coal--Interior, Bit., Med. Sul., Undergrd
                       2010          2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
                     426.1         426.1     426.1     426.1     426.1     426.1
                     0.069         0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069
                     0.000         0.000     0.000     0.000     0.000     0.000
                    0.0017        0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                    0.0007        0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007

Coal--Interior, Bit., Med. Sul., Undergrd
                       2010          2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                     0.069         0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069     0.069
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                        0.0           0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0
                        1.0           1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                    0.0004        0.0004    0.0004    0.0004    0.0004    0.0004
                    0.0017        0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                  0.0007       0.0007         0.0007    0.0007    0.0007    0.0007




Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., Low Sul., Undergrnd
                     2010         2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                   996.8        996.8          996.8     996.8     996.8     996.8
                  0.2727       0.2727         0.2727    0.2727    0.2727    0.2727
                  0.0017       0.0017         0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                  0.0068       0.0068         0.0068    0.0068    0.0068    0.0068
                  0.0028       0.0028         0.0028    0.0028    0.0028    0.0028

New Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., LSU w/ DEGAS Capture
                     2010         2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.2727       0.2727         0.2727    0.2727    0.2727    0.2727
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0017       0.0017         0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                  0.0068       0.0068         0.0068    0.0068    0.0068    0.0068
                  0.0028       0.0028         0.0028    0.0028    0.0028    0.0028
                   0.010        0.010          0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




New Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., LSU w/ DEGAS Venting
                     2010         2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.2727       0.2727         0.2727    0.2727    0.2727    0.2727
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0017       0.0017         0.0017    0.0017    0.0017    0.0017
                  0.0068       0.0068         0.0068    0.0068    0.0068    0.0068
                  0.0028       0.0028         0.0028    0.0028    0.0028    0.0028
                   0.010        0.010          0.010     0.010     0.010     0.010




DEGAS Capture: New Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., LSU
                     2010         2015           2020      2025      2030      2035
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   0.011        0.011          0.011     0.011     0.011     0.011
                   0.015        0.015          0.015     0.015     0.015     0.015
                   1.221        1.221          1.221     1.221     1.221     1.221
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                   1.985        1.985          1.985     1.985     1.985     1.985
                      1.0          1.0            1.0       1.0       1.0       1.0
                  0.0150       0.0150         0.0150    0.0150    0.0150    0.0150
                   1.000        1.000          1.000     1.000     1.000     1.000
DEGAS Venting: New Coal--Rocky Mtns, Bit., LSU
                     2010            2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0             1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    0.026           0.026      0.026      0.026      0.026      0.026
                    0.407           0.407      0.407      0.407      0.407      0.407
                       1.0             1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    0.662           0.662      0.662      0.662      0.662      0.662
                       1.0             1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    1.000           1.000      1.000      1.000      1.000      1.000




Coal--Power River, Bit., Low Sul, Undergrd
                      2010            2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                      29.1            29.1       29.1       29.1       29.1       29.1
                    0.050           0.050      0.050      0.050      0.050      0.050
                   0.0003          0.0003     0.0003     0.0003     0.0003     0.0003
                   0.0012          0.0012     0.0012     0.0012     0.0012     0.0012
                   0.0005          0.0005     0.0005     0.0005     0.0005     0.0005

Coal--Power River, Bit., Low Sul, Undergrd
                      2010            2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.0             1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                    0.050           0.050      0.050      0.050      0.050      0.050
                       1.0             1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                       1.0             1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0
                   0.0003          0.0003     0.0003     0.0003     0.0003     0.0003
                   0.0012          0.0012     0.0012     0.0012     0.0012     0.0012
                   0.0005          0.0005     0.0005     0.0005     0.0005     0.0005
                    0.010           0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010      0.010




racteristics
Gob Gas Upgrade - Existing Mines
                       2010           2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                      1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                      0.80           0.80       0.80       0.80       0.80       0.80
                     -14.04         -14.04     -14.04     -14.04     -14.04     -14.04
                      2.193          2.193      2.193      2.193      2.193      2.193
                      1.05           1.05       1.05       1.05       1.05       1.05
                      7.563          7.563      7.563      7.563      7.563      7.563
                         1.0            1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0        1.0




Gob Gas Upgrade - New Vented Mines
                     2010          2015         2020       2025       2030       2035
                     1.00          1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                     -14.04         -14.04      -14.04      -14.04      -14.04      -14.04
                       2.389          2.389       2.389       2.389       2.389       2.389
                       1.300          1.200       1.200       1.100       1.100       1.100
                       1.05           1.05        1.05        1.05        1.05        1.05
                       8.240          8.240       8.240       8.240       8.240       8.240
                          1.0            1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0




Gob Gas Upgrade - New Captured Mines
                       2010         2015           2020        2025        2030        2035
                      1.00         1.00           1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
                    -14.04       -14.04         -14.04      -14.04      -14.04      -14.04
                      1.593        1.593          1.593       1.593       1.593       1.593
                      1.300        1.200          1.200       1.100       1.100       1.100
                      1.05         1.05           1.05        1.05        1.05        1.05
                      5.494        5.494          5.494       5.494       5.494       5.494
                         1.0          1.0            1.0         1.0         1.0         1.0




 laring of Coal Mine Methane
                        2010          2015         2020        2025        2030        2035
                        1.00          1.00         1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
                     0.0134        0.0134       0.0134      0.0134      0.0134      0.0134
                    -17.8704      -17.8704     -17.8704    -17.8704    -17.8704    -17.8704
                    1.0376        1.0376       1.0376      1.0376      1.0376      1.0376
                      1.0000        1.0000       1.0000      1.0000      1.0000      1.0000
                     15.9993       15.9993      15.9993     15.9993     15.9993     15.9993
                          0.0           0.0          0.0         0.0         0.0         0.0




On/Off site Electric with Coal Mine Methane
                         2010          2015       2020        2025        2030        2035
                         1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00

                    0.0134         0.0134      0.0134      0.0134      0.0134      0.0134
                     -17.87         -17.87      -17.87      -17.87      -17.87      -17.87
                     280.32         280.32      280.32      280.32      280.32      280.32
                        1.20           1.20        1.10        1.10        1.10        1.10
                        3.57           3.57        3.57        3.57        3.57        3.57
                    1304.93        1304.93     1304.93     1304.93     1304.93     1304.93
                         0.0            0.0         0.0         0.0         0.0         0.0
On/Off site Process Heat with Coal Mine Methane
                        2010           2015        2020         2025       2030       2035
                        1.00           1.00        1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00
                     0.0134         0.0134      0.0134       0.0134     0.0134     0.0134
                     -17.87         -17.87      -17.87       -17.87     -17.87     -17.87
                         0.28           0.28        0.28         0.28       0.28       0.28
                         1.25           1.25        1.25         1.25       1.25       1.25
                         8.77           8.77        8.77         8.77       8.77       8.77
                          1.0            1.0         1.0          1.0        1.0        1.0

                        0.0           0.0             0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




On/Off site Cogeneration with Coal Mine Methane
                       2010           2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
                       1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00

                    0.0134        0.0134          0.0134     0.0134     0.0134     0.0134
                     -17.87        -17.87          -17.87     -17.87     -17.87     -17.87
                       87.60         87.60           87.60      87.60      87.60      87.60
                        1.20          1.20            1.10       1.10       1.10       1.10
                        1.43          1.43            1.43       1.43       1.43       1.43
                    1800.00       1800.00         1800.00    1800.00    1800.00    1800.00
                        1.00          1.00            1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                         0.0           0.0             0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
              EPA Source Data for Emissions from the Natural Gas and Oil Systems
                                       Table 2-27: Current Methane Emissions from Natural Gas Systems (Gg CH4) 1990
              Source/Description                     1990        1995        1996        1997
              Domestic NG Production                1,445       1,583      1,537       1,577
              Domestic NG Processing,                 702         709        709         710
              Transmission & Storage                2,223       2,196      2,223       2,183
              Domestic NG Distribution              1,440       1,572      1,600       1,532
              Total                                 5,810       6,059      6,069       6,001
                                                             1.7%

              Table G-5: U.S. Total Natural Gas Production
              Activity                                1990        1995       1996       1997
              Production, Trillion Ft3/yr            17.80       18.60      18.90      18.90
              Production, PJ                        18,772      19,616     19,932     19,932
              Imports, Trillion Ft3/yr                1.53         2.84      2.94        2.99
              Imports, PJ                            1,616       2,996      3,098      3,158

              Methane Emissions factors for the Natural Gas Systems (kt CH4/PJ NG)
              Activity                               1990        1995       1996        1997
              Domestic NG Production               0.07695     0.08069    0.07712    0.07912
              Domestic NG Processing,
                                                   0.14348     0.12845    0.12731    0.12527
              Transmission & Storage
              Domestic NG Distribution             0.07065     0.06952    0.06947    0.06633

              Exhibit 3-6: Projected Baseline Methane Emissions from Natural Gas Systems (MMTCE) 1990-2020
              Source/Description                     1990        1995       2000        2005
              Domestic NG Production                     8         9.1        9.2         9.8
              Domestic NG Processing,                    4         4.1        4.2         4.4
              Transmission & Storage                 12.6         12.5      13.5         13.7
              Domestic NG Distribution                 8.3         8.7        8.8         8.8
              Total                                  32.9         34.3      35.6         36.7



              Projected Methane Emissions Factors from Natural Gas Systems (kt/PJ)
Markal Name   Source/Description                      1990        1995       2000       2005
PNGADP1       Domestic NG Production                0.0770      0.0807     0.0743     0.0743
              Domestic NG Processing,
PNGAPTS2                                            0.1435      0.1284     0.1138     0.1138
              Transmission & Storage
PNGAD3        Domestic NG Distribution              0.0707      0.0695     0.0645     0.0645

              Table G-4: CH4 Emission Estimates for Venting and Flaring from the Field Production Stage (Mg)
              Activity                               1990        1995       1996        1997
              Drilling and Well Completion
                Completion Flaring                     5.5         6.1        6.2         6.4
              Normal Operations
                Pneumatic Device Vents             589,673     697,087    710,474    757,372
                Chemical Injection Pumps            37,761      45,545     46,547     49,768
                Kimray Pumps                       137,344     152,210    153,856    158,434
                Dehydrator Vents                    42,392      46,981     47,489     48,902
                Compressor Exhaust Vented          123,884     146,451    149,263    159,116
                Gas Engines
Routine Maintenance
 Well Workovers Gas Wells                543            602         609         627
 Well Clean Ups (LP Gas Wells)       103,451        114,649     115,888     119,337

Blowdowns
  Vessel BD                               265           307         312         329
  Pipeline BD                           1,749         1,918       1,938       2,005
  Compressor BD                         1,598         1,816       1,840       1,927
  Compressor Starts                     3,575         4,062       4,116       4,311
Upsets
  Pressure Relief Valves                  338           400         408         435
  ESD                                   6,764         6,882       6,848       6,843
  Mishaps                                 947         1,038       1,049       1,085
Normal Fugitive Emissions from Production (Mg)
Gas Wells (Eastern on shore)
  Appalachia                             6,002         6,119      6,114       5,982
     Non-Associated Gas Wells              158           349        378         430
Field Separation Equipment - Eastern on shore
  Heaters                                  167           370        401         455
  Separators                               116           141        144         145
  Gathering Compressors                    449           449        449         449
  Meters/Piping                            581           903        951       1,029
  Dehydrators                              100           111        112         116
Gas Wells (Rest of U.S. on shore)       36,093        41,833     42,519      45,190
Assoc Gas Well Rest of U.S.                   0            0          0           0
Gulf of Mexico Off-shore Platforms      27,554        28,062     27,902      27,902
Rest of U.S. (offshore platforms)          182           174        182         174
Field Separation Equipment - Rest of U.S. on shore
  Heaters                               12,587        14,589      14,828      15,759
  Separators                            85,254        98,813     100,435     106,743
  Gathering Compressors                 40,563        40,563      40,563      40,563
  Meters/Piping                         65,181        74,633      75,776      80,218
  Dehydrators                           15,151        16,791      16,973      17,478
Pipeline Leaks                         109,915       120,549     121,793     126,006
  Total                              1,450,342     1,664,402   1,690,163   1,779,136

GAS PROCESSING PLANTS
Activity                                1990           1995        1996        1997
Normal Fugitives
Plants                                41,818         37,092      34,234      33,795
Recip. Compressors                   321,062        333,946     338,442     339,557
Centrifugal Compressors              108,013        112,347     113,860     114,235
Vented and Combusted
Normal Operations
  Compressor Exhaust
     Gas Engines                     126,534        131,612     133,383     133,823
     Gas Turbines                      3,602          3,746       3,797       3,809
  AGR Vents                           16,442         14,583      13,460      13,287
  Kimray Pumps                         3,269          3,400       3,446       3,457
  Dehydrator Vents                    20,140         20,948      21,230      21,300
  Pneumatic Devices                    2,387          2,117       1,954       1,929
Routine Maintenance
Blowdowns/Venting                      58,835        52,186      48,166      47,547
 Total                                702,101     711,979     711,972     712,739

TRANSMISSION AND STORAGE
Activity                                 1990        1995        1996        1997
Fugitives
Pipeline Leaks                          3,078       3,130       3,080       3,102
Compressor Stations (Transmission)
  Station                             104,361     106,133     104,431     105,188
  Recip Compressor                    747,553     760,243     748,054     753,477
  Centrifugal Compressor              149,143     151,675     149,243     150,325
Compressor Stations (Storage)
  Station                              54,473      60,166      65,018      61,824
  Recip Compressor                    157,304     173,730     187,640     178,465
  Centrifugal Compressor               22,283      24,639      26,568      25,282
Wells (Storage)                        13,523      14,936      16,141      15,348
M&R (Trans. Co. Interconnect)          70,821      72,023      70,869      71,382
M&R (Farm Taps + Direct Sales)         15,704      15,971      15,714      15,828
Vented and Combusted
Normal Operation
  Dehydrator vents (Transmission)       1,946       1,979       1,947       1,961
  Dehydrator vents (Storage)            4,213       4,653       5,029       4,782
  Compressor Exhaust
     Engines (Transmission)           178,176     205,458     209,136     209,059
     Turbines (Transmission)            1,010       1,164       1,185       1,185
     Engines (Storage)                 21,236      23,456      25,347      24,102
     Turbines (Storage)                   177         196         211         201
     Generators (Engines)               8,719      10,054      10,234      10,230
     Generators (Turbines)                  2           3           3           3
  Pneumatic Devices Trans + Stor
     Pneumatic Devices Trans          211,591     215,183     211,733     213,268
     Pneumatic Devices Storage         45,078      49,790      53,804      51,163
Routine Maintenance/Upsets
  Pipeline venting                    173,195     176,135     173,311     174,567
  Station venting Trans + Storage
     Station Venting Transmission     141,984     144,394     142,079     143,109
     Station Venting Storage           30,248      33,409      36,103      34,330
LNG Storage
LNG Stations                            9,646       9,646       9,646       9,646
LNG Reciprocating Compressors          36,403      36,403      36,403      36,403
LNG Centrifugal Compressors            12,427      12,427      12,427      12,427
LNG Compressor Exhaust
  LNG Engines                            3,415       3,415       3,415       3,415
  LNG Turbines                              18          18          18          18
LNG Station venting                      5,356       5,356       5,356       5,356
Total                                2,223,080   2,315,785   2,324,144   2,315,448
Total Proc, Trans & Storage          2,925,181   3,027,764   3,036,116   3,028,187

DISTRIBUTION
Activity                                 1990        1995        1996        1997
Normal Fugitives
Pipeline Leaks
  Mains - Cast Iron                   257,516     247,639     252,125     233,180
  Mains - Unprotected steel         175,448     180,814     169,960     163,720
  Mains - Protected steel            26,317      26,969      25,964      25,683
  Mains - Plastic                    78,097     136,578     135,406     148,794
Total Pipeline Miles
  Services - Unprotected steel      179,598     200,841     188,564     180,179
  Services Protected steel           67,520      71,202      63,036      64,680
  Services - Plastic                  2,909       4,657       4,683       4,971
  Services - Copper                   1,027       1,077       1,132       1,116
Total Services
Meter/Regulator (City Gates)
  M&R >300                          101,381     111,977     121,006     115,064
  M&R 100-300                       207,750     229,464     247,967     235,789
  M&R <100                            5,006       5,529       5,975       5,681
  Reg >300                          105,403     116,420     125,807     119,629
  R-Vault >300                          497         549         593         564
  Reg 100-300                        81,002      89,468      96,683      91,934
  R-Vault 100-300                       162         179         193         184
  Reg 40-100                          6,157       6,800       7,349       6,988
  R-Vault 40-100                        454         502         542         515
  Reg <40                               333         368         398         378
Customer Meters
  Residential                        99,715     110,138     119,019     113,174
  Commercial/Industry                 3,955       4,765       4,936       4,944
Vented
Rountine Maintenance
  Pressure Relief Valve Releases        758         920         897         921
  Pipeline Blowdown                   2,379       2,628       2,840       2,700
Upsets
  Mishaps (Dig-ins)                   37,089      40,966      44,269      42,095
Total                              1,440,474   1,590,451   1,619,344   1,562,882
ral Gas and Oil Systems
Natural Gas Systems (Gg CH4) 1990-2001
                   1998           1999        2000           2001
                  1,605          1,463      1,488          1,467
                    684            675        680            692
                  2,140          2,082      2,053          1,870
                  1,475          1,508      1,551          1,559
                  5,903          5,728      5,772          5,588




                    1998           1999       2000           2001
                   19.00          18.80      19.00          19.40
                  20,037         19,826     20,037         20,459
                     3.15           3.59       3.78           3.98
                   3,324          3,781      3,988          4,194

 J NG)
                    1998          1999       2000            2001
                 0.08010     0.07377       0.07426        0.07168

                 0.12086     0.11679       0.11375        0.10393
                 0.06314     0.06388       0.06454        0.06324

Gas Systems (MMTCE) 1990-2020                         1999 Data: Did not use.
                    2010          2015       2020
                     10.6          11.1       10.8
                      4.6           4.6        4.8
                       14          14.3       14.6
                      8.8           8.7        8.7
                     37.9          38.7       38.8




                    2010           2015       2020
                  0.0743         0.0743     0.0743

                  0.1138         0.1138     0.1138
                  0.0645         0.0645     0.0645

he Field Production Stage (Mg)                                         % of Total
                    1998          1999       2000            2001      1995       2000

                     6.5            6.2        6.3            6.3     0.00%     0.00%

                 789,570     728,669       751,831        751,831    41.88%     42.61%
                  51,783         47,943     49,476         49,476     2.74%     2.80%
                 161,408     154,106       156,002        156,002     9.15%     8.84%
                  49,820      47,566        48,151         48,151     2.82%     2.73%
                 165,881     153,086       157,952        157,952
                                                                      8.80%     8.95%
     639         610         617         617    0.04%      0.03%
 121,577     116,076     117,505     117,505
                                                6.89%      6.66%

     340         318         326         326    0.02%      0.02%
   2,052       1,956       1,988       1,988    0.12%      0.11%
   1,988       1,860       1,900       1,899    0.11%      0.11%
   4,448       4,162       4,250       4,249    0.24%      0.24%

     453         418         431         431    0.02%      0.02%
   7,048       7,069       7,146       7,129    0.41%      0.40%
   1,111       1,058       1,076       1,076    0.06%      0.06%



   5,874       5,916       5,815       5,815    0.37%      0.33%
     430         424         440         440    0.02%      0.02%

     456         450         466         466    0.02%      0.03%
     143         143         142         142    0.01%      0.01%
     449         449         449         449    0.03%      0.03%
   1,024       1,015       1,033       1,032    0.05%      0.06%
     118         113         114         114    0.01%      0.01%
  47,203      43,421      44,793      44,793    2.51%      2.54%
       0           0           0           0
  28,751      28,838      29,158      29,085    1.69%      1.65%
     174         174         174         174    0.01%      0.01%

   16,462      15,142      15,621      15,621    0.88%     0.89%
  111,499     102,564     105,805     105,805    5.94%     6.00%
   40,563      40,563      40,563      40,563    2.44%     2.30%
   83,396      77,034      79,214      79,188    4.48%     4.49%
   17,806      17,000      17,209      17,209    1.01%     0.98%
  128,982     122,890     124,904     124,904    7.24%     7.08%
1,841,453   1,721,039   1,764,556   1,764,437   100.0%    100.0%

                                                  % of Total
    1998        1999        2000        2001      1995       2000

  30,663      31,926      32,146      31,322     1.23%     1.06%
 341,834     338,366     341,294     349,291    11.03%    11.26%
 115,001     113,834     114,819     117,510     3.71%     3.79%




 134,720     133,353     134,507     137,659    4.35%      4.44%
   3,835       3,796       3,829       3,918    0.12%      0.13%
  12,056      12,553      12,639      12,315    0.48%      0.42%
   3,481       3,445       3,475       3,557    0.11%      0.11%
  21,443      21,226      21,409      21,911    0.69%      0.71%
   1,750       1,822       1,835       1,788    0.07%      0.06%

  43,141      44,919      45,228      44,068    1.72%      1.49%
 707,923     705,240     711,182     723,339     23.5%     23.5%

                                                  % of Total
    1998        1999        2000        2001      1995       2000

   3,191       3,126       3,097       2,933    0.10%      0.10%

 108,191     106,002     104,999      99,457    3.51%      3.47%
 774,988     759,306     752,120     712,424    25.11%    24.82%
 154,617     151,488     150,054     142,135    5.01%      4.95%


  56,069      58,624      61,924      59,703    1.99%      2.04%
 161,891     169,290     178,761     172,398    5.74%      5.90%
  22,925      23,997      25,282      24,425    0.81%      0.83%
  13,919      14,553      15,372      14,821    0.49%      0.51%
  73,420      71,935      71,254      67,493    2.38%      2.35%
  16,280      15,951      15,800      14,966    0.53%      0.52%



   2,017       1,976       1,958       1,854    0.07%      0.06%
   4,337       4,534       4,789       4,618    0.15%      0.16%

 202,567     205,832     214,657     204,385    6.79%      7.08%
   1,148       1,166       1,216       1,158    0.04%      0.04%
  21,858      22,854      24,141      23,275    0.77%      0.80%
     182         191         201         194    0.01%      0.01%
   9,913      10,072      10,504      10,002    0.33%      0.35%
       3           3           3           3

 219,356     214,918     212,884     201,648    7.11%      7.03%
  46,398      48,513      51,244      49,407    1.64%      1.69%

 179,551     175,918     174,253     165,056    5.82%      5.75%

 147,194     144,216     142,851     135,312    4.77%      4.71%
  31,134      32,553      34,385      33,152    1.10%      1.13%

   9,646       9,646       9,646       9,646    0.32%      0.32%
  36,403      36,403      36,403      36,403    1.20%      1.20%
  12,427      12,427      12,427      12,427    0.41%      0.41%

    3,415       3,415       3,415       3,415   0.11%      0.11%
       18          18          18          18
    5,356       5,356       5,356       5,356    0.18%     0.18%
2,318,414   2,304,284   2,319,015   2,208,084    76.5%     76.5%
3,026,337   3,009,524   3,030,196   2,931,423   100.0%    100.0%

                                                  % of Total
    1998        1999        2000        2001      1995       2000



 232,779     224,355     218,833     232,074    15.57%    13.94%
 166,552     162,505     159,204     156,207    11.37%    10.14%
  25,987      24,612      25,128      25,960     1.70%     1.60%
 154,683     160,314     172,416     194,673     8.59%    10.98%

 178,366     187,768     185,331     191,176    12.63%    11.80%
  62,645      62,077      60,264      60,441     4.48%     3.84%
   5,120       5,150       5,659       5,927     0.29%     0.36%
   1,091       1,086       1,068       1,039     0.07%     0.07%



 104,351     109,107     115,248     111,116     7.04%     7.34%
 213,837     223,583     236,167     227,699    14.43%    15.04%
   5,152       5,387       5,691       5,486     0.35%     0.36%
 108,492     113,436     119,821     115,524     7.32%     7.63%
     512         535         565         545     0.03%     0.04%
  83,375      87,175      92,082      88,780     5.63%     5.87%
     166         174         184         177     0.01%     0.01%
   6,337       6,626       6,999       6,748     0.43%     0.45%
     467         489         516         498     0.03%     0.03%
     343         359         379         365     0.02%     0.02%

 102,637     107,315     113,355     109,291     6.92%     7.22%
   4,796       4,946       5,226       5,004     0.30%     0.33%



     942         931         968       1,040     0.06%     0.06%
   2,449       2,561       2,705       2,608     0.17%     0.17%

   38,176      39,916      42,162      40,650     2.58%     2.69%
1,499,256   1,530,407   1,569,970   1,583,030   100.00%   100.00%
                     Exhibit 3-5: Projected Methane Emissions from Oil Systems (MMTCE)
                                             1990       1995       2000       2005       2010       2015
Total                                         1.56      1.55      1.567      1.583        1.6       1.65



Table H-5: Summary of Current CH4 Emissions from Petroleum Systems (Gg)
Activity                                     1990        1991      1992       1993        1994      1995
Production                                  1,278       1,289     1,236      1,181       1,141     1,122
  Tank venting                                558         557       528        486         451       439

  Pneumatic device venting                    525         535       517        507         504       497
  Wellhead fugitives                           26          26        24         24          24        25
  Combustion & process upsets                 103         105       101         99          98        98
  Misc. venting& fugitives                     65          66        65         64          64        63
Transportation                                  7           6         6          6           6         6
Refining                                       25          24        24         25          25        25
Total                                       1,309       1,320     1,267      1,212       1,172     1,153

                               Domestic Oil Production - EIA AEO 2003 - Reference case

                                              2000       2001       2005       2010       2015       2020
                                Quads       12.440     12.290     11.820     11.910     11.110     11.560
                                   PJ     13,124.2   12,966.0   12,470.1   12,565.1   11,721.1   12,195.8

                    US Oil Production         1990       1991       1992       1993       1994       1995
                        Million barrels    2684.69    2707.04    2624.63    2499.03    2431.48    2394.27
                                    PJ    15,571.2   15,700.8   15,222.9   14,494.4   14,102.6   13,886.8

                 Onshore, 1000 bbl/day       6273       6245       5953       5606       5291       5035

             Off Shore, 1000 bbl/day         1082       1172       1218       1241       1370       1525
                  Off Shore, % of Total     14.7%      15.8%      17.0%      18.1%      20.6%      23.2%

                                           Emission Factors for Oil Production - Lower 48, kt CH4/PJ oil
                                             1990       1995       2000       2005       2010       2015

                            On Shore       0.0821      0.0808    0.0791     0.0791     0.0791     0.0791
                            Off Shore      0.0821      0.0808    0.0791     0.0791     0.0791     0.0791

                                                     Ratio of Domestic Oil Production Offshore, %
                                             1990       1995       2000       2005       2010       2015
                             Lower 48       16.9%      24.7%      33.2%      41.5%      47.9%      48.2%
                               Alaska       14.7%      23.2%      29.9%      29.9%      29.9%      29.9%
                         All Domestic       0.129      0.191      0.277      0.352      0.405      0.410
                                            0.871      0.809      0.723      0.648      0.595      0.590


Emission Factors for Oil Production - Alaska, kt CH4/PJ oil
                                             1990       1995       2000       2005       2010       2015

                             On Shore                  0.0765    0.0765     0.0765     0.0765     0.0765
Off Shore           0.0456   0.0456    0.0456    0.0456   0.0456




                        Crude Production in Mbpd
                   L48 On   L48 Off L48 Total    Alaska   Total
            1990    4.670     0.950     5.620     1.770   7.390
                    4.600     1.020     5.620     1.800   7.420
                    4.408     1.070     5.478     1.710   7.188
                    4.190     1.090     5.280     1.580   6.860
                    3.990     1.140     5.130     1.560   6.690
                    3.850     1.260     5.110     1.480   6.590
                    3.780     1.260     5.040     1.400   6.440
                    3.790     1.400     5.190     1.300   6.490
                    3.600     1.450     5.050     1.175   6.225
                    3.260     1.560     4.820     1.050   5.870
            2000    3.251     1.616     4.867     0.967   5.834
                    3.140     1.640     4.780     0.963   5.743
            2002    3.110     1.530     4.640     0.985   5.625
                    2.930     1.780     4.710     0.979   5.689
                    2.950     1.900     4.850     0.947   5.797
            2005    2.903     2.062     4.965     0.895   5.860
                    2.831     2.225     5.055     0.880   5.935
                    2.773     2.402     5.176     0.912   6.088
                    2.717     2.460     5.178     0.934   6.112
                    2.662     2.454     5.116     0.938   6.053
                    2.609     2.403     5.011     0.922   5.933
                    2.557     2.338     4.895     0.923   5.818
                    2.514     2.276     4.790     0.923   5.713
                    2.465     2.256     4.721     0.935   5.656
                    2.422     2.189     4.611     0.953   5.565
            2015    2.381     2.214     4.595     0.935   5.530
                    2.341     2.167     4.508     0.908   5.416
                    2.303     2.096     4.399     0.870   5.269
                    2.266     2.173     4.439     0.824   5.263
                    2.235     2.138     4.372     0.766   5.138
                    2.198     2.032     4.230     0.724   4.954
                    2.168     1.998     4.166     0.674   4.840
                    2.134     1.965     4.099     0.627   4.725
                    2.106     2.075     4.181     0.579   4.760
                    2.077     2.129     4.206     0.541   4.747
            2025    2.044     2.061     4.105     0.509   4.614
TCE)
                     2020
                       1.7

                                                                                                 Alaska Oil and Gas Production - 2002
                                                                                                 Produced by IFC Consulting for EPA
                     1996       1997       1998       1999       2000       2001
                    1,107      1,090      1,058        996        977        979
                      425        409        390        349        343        345

                      496        495        485        470        460        460                 Onshore
                       25         25         25         24         22         22                 State Offshore
                       98         98         96         92         91         91                 Federal Offshore
                       63         63         62         61         60         60                 Total
                        6          6          6          6          5          5
                       26         27         27         27         28         27                 (Total AK oil production is 359,334 MBO without esti
                    1,138      1,123      1,090      1,029      1,010      1,011                 (Federal OCS oil production from the NorthStar Fed/State
                                                                                                 NorthStar Unit consists of 3 Federal Leases and 5 State Le
                                                                                                 Max NorthStar prod is 65,000 barrels of oil per day or 23,72

                   2025                                                                          Estimate that 16% of annual production or max of 3,800 M
                 11.290
                                                                                                 Sources: Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Su
               11,911.0                                                                          public information releases on the BP NorthStar Unit Deve
                                                                                                 contacting MMS Alaska Region directly)
                   1996          1997       1998       1999       2000       2001
                2366.02       2354.83    2281.92    2146.73    2130.71    2136.18
               13,722.9      13,658.0   13,235.1   12,451.0   12,358.1   12,389.8 -0.4% growth

                     4902       4803       4560       4132       4049       3947

                     1562       1648       1692       1750       1773       1905
                    24.2%      25.5%      27.1%      29.8%      30.5%      32.6%                 Onshore
                                                                                                 State Offshore
48, kt CH4/PJ oil                                                                                Federal Offshore
                     2020       2025       2030       2035                                       Total

                0.0791        0.0791     0.0791     0.0791
                0.0791        0.0791     0.0791     0.0791                                       Onshore emission factor
                                                                                                 Offshore emission factor
shore, %
                     2020       2025       2030       2035
                    48.0%      50.2%      50.2%      50.2%
                    29.9%      29.9%      29.9%      29.9%
                    0.447      0.447      0.447      0.447
                    0.553      0.553      0.553      0.553



                     2020       2025       2030       2035

                0.0765        0.0765     0.0765     0.0765
  0.0456    0.0456    0.0456    0.0456




                                                  AEO 2004 Projections
     Petroleum Products Consumption in Mbpd                                   Consumption by sector
 %OFF Production Imports Consumption          Res & CommIndustrial   Transportation
0.128552      9.830     7.160  16.990             1.144        4.323          10.973
             10.080     6.630  16.710             1.143        4.252          10.802
             10.090     6.940  17.030             1.127        4.560          10.975
              9.620     7.620  17.240             1.139        4.452          11.184
              9.670     8.050  17.720             1.113        4.689          11.490
0.191199      9.830     7.890  17.720             1.110        4.553          11.738
              9.810     8.500  18.310             1.174        4.789          11.996
              9.460     9.160  18.620             1.173        4.910          12.136
              9.160     9.760  18.920             1.081        4.799          12.483
              9.610     9.910  19.520             1.173        4.983          12.918
0.276928      9.280   10.420   19.700             1.231        4.869          13.162
              8.858   10.854   19.712             1.228        4.788          13.140
              9.228   10.386   19.613             1.219        4.803          13.215
              8.874   11.015   19.889             1.278        4.768          13.398
              9.196   10.966   20.162             1.319        4.745          13.852
0.351848      9.313   11.531   20.844             1.337        4.929          14.285
              9.419   11.875   21.294             1.350        5.010          14.644
              9.627   12.061   21.688             1.360        5.071          14.954
              9.688   12.402   22.089             1.367        5.121          15.268
              9.645   12.733   22.378             1.369        5.112          15.579
0.404958      9.527   13.185   22.713             1.375        5.135          15.907
              9.412   13.691   23.103             1.379        5.180          16.223
              9.350   14.218   23.568             1.385        5.258          16.552
              9.320   14.716   24.036             1.385        5.361          16.886
              9.264   15.174   24.438             1.389        5.436          17.178
 0.40041      9.252   15.548   24.801             1.391        5.500          17.441
              9.138   15.986   25.124             1.395        5.567          17.701
              9.040   16.419   25.458             1.395        5.639          17.970
              9.107   16.670   25.777             1.396        5.716          18.243
              9.038   17.047   26.086             1.397        5.785          18.504
0.410207      8.892   17.520   26.412             1.400        5.859          18.771
              8.762   18.015   26.778             1.399        5.930          19.047
              8.644   18.484   27.127             1.400        6.006          19.339
              8.701   18.780   27.480             1.402        6.077          19.648
              8.720   19.162   27.882             1.406        6.139          19.972
 0.44674      8.592   19.707   28.299             1.404        6.208          20.324
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 ka Oil and Gas Production - 2002
duced by IFC Consulting for EPA

                       Oil             Oil                   Gas                   Gas                   Gas
                  (Thousand                        Gross Withdrawals                           Injected for Repressuring
                    Barrels)            %          (Million Cubic Feet)         % of Total         (Million Cubic Feet)
                        254,498             70%                    3,183,857           92%                       2,819,051
                        104,836             29%                      293,580            8%                         187,773
                          3,800              1%                     unknown                                       unknown
                        363,134                                    3,477,437                                     3,006,824

al AK oil production is 359,334 MBO without estimated Federal OCS production)
 ral OCS oil production from the NorthStar Fed/State Unit is estimated
Star Unit consists of 3 Federal Leases and 5 State Leases. Approx. 16 percent of reserves are estimated to be on Federal leases
NorthStar prod is 65,000 barrels of oil per day or 23,725 thousand barrels of oil per year (MBO)

 ate that 16% of annual production or max of 3,800 MBO can be attributed to the Federal OCS)

es: Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Annual 2002 , Table 14; Natural Gas Annual 2002 , Table 3; U.S. Minerals Management Service Alaska Region, va
 information releases on the BP NorthStar Unit Development (2002 production data for NorthStar was not readily available from public data sources, but perhaps can be obta
cting MMS Alaska Region directly)




                       Oil             Oil                   Gas                   Gas                   Gas
                                                   Gross Withdrawals,                          Injected for Repressuring,
                       PJ               %                kt CH4                 % of Total               kt CH4
                      1,476            70%                 61,228                  92%                  54,213
                       608             29%                  5,646                   8%                   3,611
                        22             1%                 unknown                                      unknown
                      2,106                                66,874                                       57,824

                                                         kt CH4/PJ                                     kt CH4/PJ
hore emission factor                                      41.4799                                       36.7271
hore emission factor                                       9.2851                                        5.9387
Consumption by sector                            Oil Price Scenarios (2002 US$/bbl)
      Electric Generators   Total    Reference         High oil price
              0.548         16.988     27.63
              0.516         16.714     22.50
              0.417         17.080     20.99
              0.462         17.237     18.07
              0.426         17.718     16.52
              0.334         17.735     17.81
              0.362         18.321     21.58
              0.409         18.628     19.57
              0.576         18.938     12.45
              0.496         19.570     17.40
              0.492         19.754     28.50
              0.555         19.712     23.16
              0.376         19.613     24.54              24.54
              0.445         19.889     27.29              27.29
              0.245         20.162     24.36              24.36
              0.294         20.844     22.75              30.71
              0.290         21.294     22.89              31.11
              0.304         21.688     23.13              31.54
              0.333         22.089     23.28              32.02
              0.317         22.378     23.47              32.49
              0.295         22.713     23.61              32.80
              0.322         23.103     24.11              33.30
              0.374         23.568     23.98              33.41
              0.403         24.036     24.18              33.56
              0.435         24.438     24.41              33.71
              0.468         24.801     24.56              33.83
              0.462         25.124     24.78              33.86
              0.454         25.458     24.97              34.04
              0.422         25.777     25.43              34.17
              0.399         26.086     25.39              34.29
              0.381         26.412     25.82              34.33
              0.402         26.778     25.78              34.45
              0.382         27.127     26.28              34.60
              0.353         27.480     26.54              34.71
              0.366         27.882     26.50              34.79
              0.362         28.299     26.72              34.90
                          Gas                          Gas
                  Vented and Flared           Mktd. Production
                 (Million Cubic Feet)        (Million Cubic Feet)                               Re-inject   Vent/ Flare
                                   5,870             358,936            % of Onshore Gas           88.5%          0.2%
                                   1,442             104,366            % of Offshore Gas            64%          0.5%
                                       0            unknown
                                   7,312             463,302




 on Federal leases
                                                                              Petroleum Supply and Disposition Balance: AEO 2004 with Fore

                                                                                                     2001         2005
Table 3; U.S. Minerals Management Service Alaska Region, various
                                                                        Crude Oil
ly available from public data sources, but perhaps can be obtained by    Domestic Production         5.74         5.86
                                                                          Alaska                     0.96         0.90
                                                                          Lower 48 States            4.78         4.97
                                                                           Lower 48 Onshore          3.14         2.90
                                                                           Lower 48 Offshore         1.64         2.06
                                                                         Net Imports                 9.31         9.76
                          Gas                          Gas
                  Vented and Flared,
                       kt CH4               Mktd. Production, PJ        Ratio Alaska/Domestic        17%          15%
                           113                        379               Lower 48 % Offshore          34%          42%
                            28                        110
                            0                       unknown
                           141                        489

                       kt CH4/PJ                 PJ NG/PJ Oil
                         0.0765                     0.2564
                         0.0456                     0.1810




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                                                                        Back to INDEX
narios (2002 US$/bbl)
                 Low oil price




                     24.54
                     27.29
                     24.36
                     16.46
                     16.32
                     16.35
                     16.35
                     16.36
                     16.36
                     16.68
                     16.32
                     16.44
                     16.64
                     16.51
                     16.78
                     16.48
                     16.85
                     16.39
                     16.82
                     16.33
                     16.40
                     16.46
                     16.50
                     16.49
           Mktd. Production
                      11%
                    35.5%




position Balance: AEO 2004 with Forecast (Million barrels/day)

                      2010     2015       2020      2025     Ave %

                     5.93      5.53       4.95      4.61         -0.9%
                     0.92      0.93       0.72      0.51         -2.8%
                     5.01      4.59       4.23      4.11         -0.5%
                     2.61      2.38       2.20      2.04         -1.8%
                     2.40      2.21       2.03      2.06          1.3%
                    11.21     13.47      14.50     15.74          2.4%



                      16%       17%       15%        11%
                      48%       48%       48%        50%
                                                                                                                                                  Potential
                                                                                                                                                  Change in
                                                                                                                                                  Emissions
              Description:                     Data Source(s):                                       Emission Factor(s)                           Factor(s)
              Emissions increase not linear
              with natural gas                                                                       Emission factors are specific to 100
              production/consumption. EPA                                                            different sources in the natural gas
              estimates the changes in                                                               system. Emission factors are                 Currently model a
              infrastructure necessary to meet                                                       applied to the projected                     5% efficiency
              the needs of the projected                                                             infrastructure increases needed to           increase in the
              consumption and production       1. EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2001; 2.                 match the AEO levels of production           natural gas system
              levels.                          ICF Systems Analysis Model (GSAM)                     and consumption.                             over 25 years.

atural Gas Release Mitigation Technologies are summarized into the following categories, reduced from the original 35:

itigation Options
                                                                                                                                                    Reduction
              Technologies                     Description                                           Applicability                                  Efficiency

RODUCTION EMISSION CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES (accounts for ~25% of Nat gas CH4)
                                               During production, replacing high-bleed pneumatic
                                                                                                 The technology is applied to the projected
              Compressed air pneumatic         devices (powered by natural gas) with compressed
                                               air systems will completely eliminate the methane
                                                                                                 production infrastructure needed to meet               100%
              devices (Prod)                                                                     projected production.
                                               emissions from these pneumatic devices.

                                               During production, high-bleed pneumatic devices
                                               (powered by natural gas), which emit a high         The technology is applied to the projected
              Low-bleed pneumatic devices
                                               volume of methane to the atmosphere, can be         production infrastructure needed to meet              86%
              (Prod)                           replaced with low-bleed devices that emit far lower projected production.
                                               volumes of methane.
                                               This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                               involves surveying Pipelines in the Production        The technology is applied to the projected
              Directed I&M of Pipeline Leaks
                                               sector to identify sources of leaks and performing    production infrastructure needed to meet            60%
              & Chem Pumps (Prod)              maintenance on leaks that are most cost effective     projected production.
                                               to repair.
                                               During production, a flash tank separator operates
                                               by reducing the pressure of methane rich tri-
                                                                                                  The technology is applied to the projected
                                               ethylene Glycol suddenly to cause the ab-orbed
              Flash Tank Separators (Prod)     CH4 to „flash‟ or (vaporize). The flashed CH4 can
                                                                                                  production infrastructure needed to meet               54%
                                                                                                  projected production.
                                               be collected and used as fuel gas or compressed
                                               and returned t
                                               During production, tri-ethylene Glycol (TEG) is
                                               circulated through dehydrators to absorb water
                                                                                                     The technology is applied to the projected
              Reduce Glycol Circulation        from the gas stream before entering the pipe-line.
                                               TEG also absorbs some methane that is vented.
                                                                                                     production infrastructure needed to meet            31%
              Rates in Dehydr (Prod)                                                                 projected production.
                                               Reducing the glycol circulation rate to the optimal
                                               level will

                                               This directed inspection and maintenance (DI&M)
                                               option involves surveying Chemical Inspection         The technology is applied to the projected
              Prod-D I&M (Chemical
                                               Pumps at Production sites to identify sources of      production infrastructure needed to meet            40%
              Inspection Pumps)                leaks and performing maintenance on leaks that        projected production.
                                               are most cost effective to repair.

                                               This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                               involves surveying Offshore Production facilities     The technology is applied to the projected
              Prod-D I&M (Offshore)            and equipment to identify sources of leaks and        production infrastructure needed to meet            33%
                                               performing maintenance on leaks that are most         projected production.
                                               cost effective to repair.

                                               This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                               involves surveying Onshore Production facilities      The technology is applied to the projected
              Prod-D I&M (Onshore)             and equipment to identify sources of leaks and        production infrastructure needed to meet            33%
                                               performing maintenance on leaks that are most         projected production.
                                               cost effective to repair.
                                            A method for identifying and reducing leaks, this
                                            Enhanced DI&M option is a more aggressive DI&M
                                                                                              The technology is applied to the projected
                                            program at Production sites that involves
        Prod-D I&M (Enhanced)               increased frequency of survey and repair.
                                                                                              production infrastructure needed to meet           50%
                                                                                              projected production.
                                            Enhanced DI&M costs more but also achieves
                                            greater savings by reducing lea

                                            This option relates to the use of pump-down
        Portable Evacuation                 techniques to lower the gas-line pressure before       The technology is applied to the projected
        Compressor for Pipe. Venting        venting. An in-line portable compressor is used to     production infrastructure needed to meet      72%
        (Prod)                              lower line pressure by up to 90 percent of its         projected production.
                                            original value without venting.

                                            A plunger lift uses the well‟s natural energy to lift
                                            the fluids out of the well to prevent blockage of gas The technology is applied to the projected
        Installing Plunger Lift Systems
                                            wells due to fluid accumulation and helps maintain production infrastructure needed to meet          4%
        In Gas Wells                        the production level, thus removing these liquids     projected production.
                                            and reducing methane emissions.

                                            Small gas expansion turbine motors are used to
                                            start internal combustion engines for compressors,
                                                                                               The technology is applied to the projected
        Installation of Electric Starters   generators and pumps in the natural gas (NG)
                                            industry. These starters use compressed NG,
                                                                                               production infrastructure needed to meet          75%
        on Compressors (Prod)                                                                  projected production.
                                            which is vented to the atmosphere, to provide the
                                            initial push to st

                                            During production, a surge vessel can be used
                                                                                                   The technology is applied to the projected
        Surge Vessels for Station/Well      during blowdowns to avoid venting methane to
                                            atmosphere. The captured methane can be re-
                                                                                                   production infrastructure needed to meet      50%
        Venting (Prod)                                                                             projected production.
                                            routed to the pipeline or used on site as fuel.



                                                                                                   The technology is applied to the projected
                                            Recovered methane is flared to reduce GHG
        Install Flares                      emissions.
                                                                                                   production infrastructure and ro compressor   95%
                                                                                                   stations.


        Total Production Mitigation Potential not modelled


ROCESSING, TRANSMISSION AND STORAGE CONTROLS (accounts for ~12%, 37% and 1% of Nat gas CH4 em
                                            During processing and transmission, replacing high-
                                                                                                The technology is applied to the projected
                                            bleed pneumatic devices (powered by natural gas)
        Compressed air pneumatic                                                                processing and transmission infrastructure
                                            with compressed air systems will completely
                                                                                                needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                                 100%
        devices (P&T)                       eliminate the methane emissions from these
                                                                                                production.
                                            pneumatic devices.

                                            During processing and transmission, high-bleed
                                                                                                   The technology is applied to the projected
                                            pneumatic devices (powered by natural gas), which
        Low-bleed pneumatic devices                                                                processing and transmission infrastructure
                                            emit a high volume of methane to the atmosphere,
                                                                                                   needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                                 86%
        (P&T)                               can be replaced with low-bleed devices that emit
                                                                                                   production.
                                            far lower volumes of methane.


                                            When a system is depressurized, emissions can
                                            result from “blow down”, or venting of the high-       The technology is applied to the projected
        Fuel Gas Blowdown Valve             pressure gas left within the compressor. Using a       processing and transmission infrastructure
                                            fuel gas retrofit, methane that would be vented        needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                                 33%
        (P&T)
                                            during a blow down can be routed to a fuel gas         production.
                                            system and avoid


                                            A catalytic converter is an afterburner that reduces
                                            methane emissions resulting from incomplete            The technology is applied to the projected
                                            combustion. Methane is combusted, and the              processing and transmission infrastructure
        Catalytic Converter (P&T)           energy produced is unused. Consequently, the           needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                                 56%
                                            benefits are restricted to the value placed on         production.
                                            reducing methane.

                                            Some centrifugal compressors are fitted with „wet‟
                                            seals that use circulating oil at the pressure seal
                                                                                                   The technology is applied to the projected
        Dry Seals on Centrifugal            face to prevent methane emissions. „Dry‟ seals
                                            use high-pressure gas to ensure sealing. Dry
                                                                                                   production infrastructure needed to meet      69%
        Compressors (P&T)                                                                          projected production.
                                            seals emit far less gas compared to wet seal
                                            systems. [Not
                                 Natural gas (NG) reciprocating engines are
                                                                                         The technology is applied to the projected
                                 replaced with NG turbines. NG turbines have a
Gas turbines replace                                                                     processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 better combustion efficiency compared to
                                                                                         needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      90%
reciprocating engines (P&T)      reciprocating engines; consequently, methane
                                                                                         production.
                                 emissions are reduced.
                                 A static-pac seal on a compressor rod eliminates
                                 rod-packing leaks during shutdown when the              The technology is applied to the projected
Static-Pacs on reciprocating     compressor is kept pressurized. An auto-matic           processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 controller activates when the compressor is             needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      6%
compressors (P&T)
                                 shutdown to wedge a tight seal around the shaft; it     production.
                                 deactivates the seal

                                 During processing and transmission, this option
                                 relates to the use of pump-down techniques to           The technology is applied to the projected
Portable Evac. Compressor for    lower the gas-line pressure before venting. An in-      processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 line portable compressor is used to lower line          needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      72%
Pipe. Vent (P&T)
                                 pressure by up to 90 percent of its original value      production.
                                 without venti

                                 This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                 involves surveying the Compressor Stations, within      The technology is applied to the projected
P&T-D I&M (Compressor            the Processing and Transmission sectors, to             processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 identify sources of leaks and performing                needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      13%
Stations)
                                 maintenance on leaks that are most cost effective       production.
                                 to repair.

                                 This Enhanced directed inspection and
                                 maintenance (DI&M) option is a more aggressive          The technology is applied to the projected
P&T-D I&M (Compressor            DI&M program at P&T Compressor Stations that            processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 involves increased frequency of survey and repair.      needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      20%
Stations: Enhanced)
                                 Enhanced DI&M costs more but also achieves              production.
                                 greater savings by reducing lea

                                 During processing and transmission, a surge
                                                                                         The technology is applied to the projected
                                 vessel can be used during blowdowns to avoid
Surge Vessels for Station/Well                                                           processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 venting methane to atmosphere. The captured
                                                                                         needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      50%
Venting (P&T)                    methane can be re-routed to the pipeline or used
                                                                                         production.
                                 on site as fuel.
                                 During P&T, tri-ethylene Glycol (TEG) is circulated
Reducing the Glycol              through dehydrators to absorb water from the gas        The technology is applied to the projected
                                 stream before entering the pipeline. TEG also           processing and transmission infrastructure
Circulation Rates in             absorbs some methane, which is vented. Reducing         needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      30%
Dehydrators (P&T)                the glycol circulation rate to the optimal level will   production.
                                 decrea

                                 Instead of shutting down centrifugal compressors
P&T - Compressors-Altering                                                               The technology is applied to the projected
                                 during “cleaning” maintenance, the turbines are
                                                                                         processing and transmission infrastructure
Start-Up Procedure during        cleaned while on-line (running). This procedure
                                                                                         needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      100%
Maintenance                      reduces the number of compressor
                                                                                         production.
                                 depressurizations required per year.


                                 This Enhanced directed inspection and
                                 maintenance (DI&M) option is a more aggressive          The technology is applied to the projected
P&T-D I&M (Enhanced:             DI&M program at P&T Storage Wells that involves         processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 increased frequency of survey and repair.               needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      50%
Storage wells & Pipelines)
                                 Enhanced DI&M costs more but also achieves              production.
                                 greater savings by reducing leaks fur

                                 This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                                                                         The technology is applied to the projected
                                 involves surveying Storage Wells in the P&T sector
P&T-D I&M (Storage wells &                                                               processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 to identify sources of leaks and performing
                                                                                         needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      33%
Pipelines)                       maintenance on leaks that are most cost effective
                                                                                         production.
                                 to repair.
                                 This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                                                                         The technology is applied to the projected
                                 involves surveying Pipelines within the
P&T-D I&M (Pipeline:                                                                     processing and transmission infrastructure
                                 Transmission sector to identify sources of leaks
                                                                                         needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                      60%
Transmission)                    and performing maintenance on leaks that are
                                                                                         production.
                                 most cost effective to repair.
                                        During P&T, a flash tank separator operates by
                                        reducing the pressure of methane rich tri-ethylene    The technology is applied to the projected
        Installation of Flash Tank      Glycol suddenly to cause the absorbed methane to      processing and transmission infrastructure
                                        „flash‟ or (vaporize). The flashed methane can be     needed to meet projected consumption and
                                                                                                                                             61%
        Separators (P&T)
                                        collected and used as fuel gas or compressed and      production.
                                        returned
                                                                                              The technology is applied to the projected
                                        Recovered methane is flared to reduce GHG
        Install Flares                  emissions.
                                                                                              production infrastructure and ro compressor    95%
                                                                                              stations.
                                        Methane emissions resulting from vbenting of
        ClockSpring Repair Kits         pipes that require repair are eliminated with this    The technology is applied to the projected
                                        repair technique that does not require the pipe to    transmission system.
                                                                                                                                             50%
        (Trans&Stor)
                                        be vented.
                                        Methane is would normally be vented during
        Redesign Blowdown/ESD                                                                 The technology is applied to the projected
                                        system or equiipment over-pressure situation is
                                                                                              process plants system.
                                                                                                                                             95%
        (Trans&Stor)                    captured for use withing the process plant
                                        Methane that would normally be vented to allow
                                        welding of new pipe openings are avoided because The technology is applied to the projected
        Hot Taps (Trans&Stor)           these taps can be connected while the pipe is in transmission system.
                                                                                                                                             75%
                                        operation..
        Total P, T & S Mitigation Potential not modelled

ISTRIBUTION MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES (accounts for ~25% of Nat gas CH4)
                                        This directed inspection and maintenance option
                                        involves surveying Distribution facilities (e.g., gate,
                                                                                                The technology is applied to the projected
                                        meter and regulating stations) and associated
        Directed I&M (Distrib)          equipment to identify sources of leaks and
                                                                                                distribution infrastructure needed to meet   26%
                                                                                                consumption.
                                        performing maintenance on leaks that are most
                                        cost effective t
                                        DI&M is a method for identifying and reducing
                                        leaks. This Enhanced DI&M option is a more
                                                                                           The technology is applied to the projected
                                        aggressive program at Distribution facilities that
        Enhanced I&M (Distrib)          involves increased frequency of survey and repair.
                                                                                           distribution infrastructure needed to meet        66%
                                                                                           consumption.
                                        Enhanced DI&M costs more but also achieves
                                        greater savings by re
                                        Natural gas distribution systems operate at gas
                                        pressures that are higher than necessary to ensure
                                                                                           The technology is applied to the projected
        Electronic Monitor at Lg        that both peak and non-peak operating pressures
                                        are met. With electronic monitoring, the
                                                                                           distribution infrastructure needed to meet        95%
        Surface Fac. (Distrib)                                                             consumption.
                                        distribution system pressure can match real time
                                        demand and reduce
                                        Cast iron and unprotected steel pipeline are prone
        Replacement of                  to corrosion and leaks. They should be replaced    The technology is applied to the projected
        Iron/Unprotected Steel Pipe.    with pipeline made of non-corrosive material that  distribution infrastructure needed to meet        95%
        (D)                             will reduce methane losses from the distribution   consumption.
                                        system.

                                        Unprotected steel services are prone to corrosion
                                        and leaks. They should be replaced with services      The technology is applied to the projected
        Replacement of Unprotected
                                        made of non-corrosive material, such as plastic or    distribution infrastructure needed to meet     95%
        Steel Services (D)              protected services, which will reduce methane         consumption.
                                        losses from the distribution system.

                                        Leaks in steel services are can be reduced by         The technology is applied to the projected
        Use smart regulators/clocking
                                        better regulators that avoid pressure swings          distribution infrastructure needed to meet     95%
        solenoids (D)                   caused by changes in demand.                          consumption.

                                        Unprotected steel services are prone to corrosion     The technology is applied to the projected
        Leak detection/walking
                                        and leaks. Increased survellience will reduce         distribution infrastructure needed to meet     95%
        surveys (D)                     methane losses from the distribution system.          consumption.
Natural Gas Resource Characteristics
   Domestic NG Supply Steps
   Imported NG Supply Steps
Name          IMPNGA1                  Description               Imported Natural Gas Supply Step 1
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                         0.00         0.00      0.00         0.00       0.00      0.00         0.00         0.00         0.00
Name          IMPNGAPT1                Description               Imported Natural Gas Supply Step 1
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID             1995        2000      2005          2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                    2977.4168     4061.75    5285.55       5675.9    6045.15    5992.4    6151.1391    6314.0832    6481.3436
COST                           m$/PJ                    1.7607      3.3372       2.27       2.3716     2.5495    2.6681       2.8982       3.1482       3.4198
OUT(ENT)r     NGAPT            PJ                          1.0         1.0       1.0           1.0        1.0       1.0          1.0          1.0          1.0

Name          IMPNGA2                  Description               Imported Natural Gas Supply Step 2
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                         0.00         0.00      0.00         0.00       0.00      0.00         0.00         0.00         0.00
Name          IMPNGAPT2                Description               Imported Natural Gas Supply Step 2
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005          2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                            0            0         0        274.3     327.05     548.6     563.1325     578.0499     593.3624
COST                           m$/PJ                         0            0         0       2.4648     2.6511    2.8798       3.1282       3.3981       3.6912
OUT(ENT)r     NGAPT            PJ                         1.0          1.0       1.0           1.0        1.0       1.0          1.0          1.0          1.0

Name          IMPNGA3                  Description               Imported Natural Gas Supply Step 3
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                         0.00         0.00      0.00         0.00       0.00      0.00         0.00         0.00         0.00
Name          IMPNGAPT3                Description            Imported Natural Gas Supply Step 3
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995     2000       2005      2010              2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                            0            0          0      474.75      738.5    812.35     833.8692     855.9585     878.6329
COST                           m$/PJ                         0            0          0      2.6088     2.8121    3.1255       3.3951       3.6879       4.0061
OUT(ENT)r     NGAPT            PJ                         1.0          1.0        1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0          1.0          1.0          1.0

Name          IMPNGAZ                  Description               Dummy Import of NGA
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                         0.00         0.00      0.00         0.00       0.00      0.00         0.00         0.00         0.00
Name          IMPNGAPTZ                Description               Dummy Import of NGA
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
COST                           m$/PJ                       10           10        10           10         10        10           10           10           10
OUT(ENT)r     NGAPT            PJ                         1.0          1.0       1.0          1.0        1.0       1.0          1.0          1.0          1.0


NG Supply Process Technologies
Name          PNGADP1                  Description               Domestic NG Production
Parameter     Energy           Units      TID             1995        2000       2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
AF                                                        1.00        1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR           kt/PJ                    0.0807      0.0807     0.0807       0.0807     0.0807    0.0807       0.0807       0.0807       0.0807
INP(ENT)p     NGA              PJ                         1.00         1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(ENC)p     NGADP            PJ                         1.00         1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
LIFE                                          30
START                                       1995

Name          PNGAPTS2                 Description               Domestic NG Processing, Transmission & Storage
Parameter     Energy           Units      TID             1995        2000       2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
AF                                                        1.00        1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR           kt/PJ                    0.1284      0.1284     0.1284       0.1284     0.1284    0.1284       0.1284       0.1284       0.1284
INP(ENT)p     NGAPT            PJ                         1.00         1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(ENC)p     NGAPTS           PJ                         1.00         1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
LIFE                                          30
START                                       1995

Name          PNGAD3                   Description               Domestic NG Distribution
Parameter     Energy           Units      TID             1995        2000       2005         2010       2015      2020         2025         2030         2035
AF                                                        1.00        1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR           kt/PJ                    0.0695      0.0695     0.0695       0.0695     0.0695    0.0695       0.0695       0.0695       0.0695
INP(ENT)p     NGAP             PJ                         1.00         1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
OUT(ENC)p     NGAD             PJ                         1.00         1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00      1.00         1.00         1.00         1.00
LIFE                                          30
START                                       1995


NG Emission Mitigation Process Technologies - Production
Name         PNGPNC11             Description              No Control on Pneumatic Devices (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGADP       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP1      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPPDC11            Description              Compressed air pneumatic devices (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH11   LO                                  0.134         0.134      0.134      0.134        0.134      0.134      0.134      0.134      0.134
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0108       -0.0108    -0.0108    -0.0108      -0.0108    -0.0108    -0.0108    -0.0108    -0.0108
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.097         0.097      0.097      0.097        0.097      0.097      0.097      0.097      0.097
INP(ENT)p    NGADP       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                  0.0106         0.011      0.011      0.011        0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP1      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGPADD      PJ                      0.0006        0.0006     0.0006     0.0006       0.0006     0.0006     0.0006     0.0006     0.0006
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPPDB11            Description              Low-bleed pneumatic devices (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH11   LO                                  0.134         0.134      0.134      0.134        0.134      0.134      0.134      0.134      0.134
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0093       -0.0093    -0.0093    -0.0093      -0.0093    -0.0093    -0.0093    -0.0093    -0.0093
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000        0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGADP       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.022         0.022      0.022      0.022        0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP1      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGPADD      PJ                      0.0005        0.0005     0.0005     0.0005       0.0005     0.0005     0.0005     0.0005     0.0005
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPNC12             Description              No Control on Pipeline leaks (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGADP1      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP2      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPDIM12            Description              Directed I&M of Pipeline Leaks & Chem Pumps (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH12   LO                                  0.044         0.044      0.044      0.044        0.044      0.044      0.044      0.044      0.044
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0021       -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021      -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.055         0.055      0.055      0.055        0.055      0.055      0.055      0.055      0.055
INP(ENT)p    NGADP1      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.061         0.061      0.061      0.061        0.061      0.061      0.061      0.061      0.061
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP2      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGPADD      PJ                      0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001       0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPNC13             Description              No Control on Dehydrators (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGADP2      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP3      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPGCD13            Description              Reduce Glycol Circulation Rates in Dehydr (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH13   LO                                  0.012         0.012      0.012      0.012        0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012
ENV_ACT      CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002       0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0003       -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003      -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                  0.003          0.003      0.003      0.003        0.003      0.003      0.003      0.003      0.003
INP(ENT)p    NGADP2      PJ                       1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                 0.0000          0.000      0.000      0.000        0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP3      PJ                       1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                    m$/PJ                      0.0            0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPFTS13            Description              Flash Tank Separators (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH13   LO                                  0.051         0.051      0.051      0.051        0.051      0.051      0.051      0.051      0.051
ENV_ACT      CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0017        0.0017     0.0017     0.0017       0.0017     0.0017     0.0017     0.0017     0.0017
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0022       -0.0022    -0.0022    -0.0022      -0.0022    -0.0022    -0.0022    -0.0022    -0.0022
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000        0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGADP2      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.157         0.157      0.157      0.157        0.157      0.157      0.157      0.157      0.157
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP3      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPNC14             Description              No Control on Offshore I&M (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGADP3      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP4      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPDMO14            Description              Prod-D I&M (Offshore)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH14   LO                                  0.008         0.008      0.008      0.008        0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0002       -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002      -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.024         0.024      0.024      0.024        0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024
INP(ENT)p    NGADP3      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.071         0.071      0.071      0.071        0.071      0.071      0.071      0.071      0.071
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP4      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGPADD      PJ                      0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000       0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPNC15             Description              No Control on Well Clean up (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGADP4      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP5      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPPLS15            Description              Installing Plunger Lift Systems In Gas Wells
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH15   LO                                  0.012         0.012      0.012      0.012        0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0002       -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002      -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002    -0.0002
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.248         0.248      0.248      0.248        0.248      0.248      0.248      0.248      0.248
INP(ENT)p    NGADP4      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   6.198         6.198      6.198      6.198        6.198      6.198      6.198      6.198      6.198
OUT(ENC)p    NGADP5      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGPADD      PJ                      0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000       0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                     10
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPNC16             Description              No Control on Install Flares (Prod)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGADP5      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPT       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGPFLR16            Description              Install Flares
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGPMTH15   LO                                  0.100         0.100         0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100
ENV_ACT      CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0057        0.0057        0.0057     0.0057     0.0057     0.0057     0.0057     0.0057     0.0057
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0077       -0.0077       -0.0077    -0.0077    -0.0077    -0.0077    -0.0077    -0.0077    -0.0077
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.007         0.007         0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007
INP(ENT)p    NGADP5      PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.045         0.045         0.045      0.045      0.045      0.045      0.045      0.045      0.045
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPT       PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                     20
START                                  1995


NG Emission Mitigation Process Technologies - Proc, Trans & Storage
Name         PNGTNC21             Description              No Control on Pneumatic Devices (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995           2000         2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS      PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS1     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTCPD21            Description              Compressed air pneumatic devices (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH21   LO                                  0.029         0.029         0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0037       -0.0037       -0.0037    -0.0037    -0.0037    -0.0037    -0.0037    -0.0037    -0.0037
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.160         0.160         0.160      0.160      0.160      0.160      0.160      0.160      0.160
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS      PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.018         0.018         0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS1     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0002        0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTLPD21            Description              Low-bleed pneumatic devices (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH21   LO                                  0.029         0.029         0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0032       -0.0032       -0.0032    -0.0032    -0.0032    -0.0032    -0.0032    -0.0032    -0.0032
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS      PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.035         0.035         0.035      0.035      0.035      0.035      0.035      0.035      0.035
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS1     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0002        0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC22             Description              No Control on Blowdowns (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995           2000         2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS1     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS2     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTFGB22            Description              Fuel Gas Blowdown Valve (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH22   LO                                  0.162         0.162         0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162
ENV_ACT      CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0051        0.0051        0.0051     0.0051     0.0051     0.0051     0.0051     0.0051     0.0051
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0069       -0.0069       -0.0069    -0.0069    -0.0069    -0.0069    -0.0069    -0.0069    -0.0069
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS1     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                  0.0048         0.005         0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS2     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                    m$/PJ                      0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC23             Description              No Control using Cat Converters (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005        2010      2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS2     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS3     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTCAT23            Description              Catalytic Converter (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH23   LO                                  0.046         0.046      0.046      0.046      0.046      0.046      0.046      0.046      0.046
ENV_ACT      CO2         mt/PJ                   0.0025        0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0033       -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.012         0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012      0.012
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS2     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.226         0.226      0.226      0.226      0.226      0.226      0.226      0.226      0.226
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS3     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                     10
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC24             Description              No Control on Centrifugal Compressors (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005        2010      2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS3     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS4     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTDCC24            Description              Dry Seals on Centrifugal Compressors (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH24   LO                                  0.037         0.037      0.037      0.037      0.037      0.037      0.037      0.037      0.037
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0033       -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                  -0.063        -0.063     -0.063     -0.063     -0.063     -0.063     -0.063     -0.063     -0.063
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS3     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.239         0.239      0.239      0.239      0.239      0.239      0.239      0.239      0.239
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS4     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC25             Description              No replacement of Recip Engines (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005        2010      2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS4     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS5     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTGTR25            Description              Gas turbines replace reciprocating engines (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH25   LO                                  0.162         0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0187       -0.0187    -0.0187    -0.0187    -0.0187    -0.0187    -0.0187    -0.0187    -0.0187
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.021         0.021      0.021      0.021      0.021      0.021      0.021      0.021      0.021
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS4     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.412         0.412      0.412      0.412      0.412      0.412      0.412      0.412      0.412
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS5     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0010        0.0010     0.0010     0.0010     0.0010     0.0010     0.0010     0.0010     0.0010
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                     20
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC26             Description              No Control using Static Pacs (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005        2010      2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS5     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS6     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTSPR26            Description              Static-Pacs on reciprocating compressors (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH26   LO                                  0.162         0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162      0.162
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0012       -0.0012    -0.0012    -0.0012    -0.0012    -0.0012    -0.0012    -0.0012    -0.0012
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.007         0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007      0.007
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS5     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.180         0.180      0.180      0.180      0.180      0.180      0.180      0.180      0.180
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS6     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC27             Description              No Control using Evac Compressors (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS6     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS7     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTPEC27            Description              Portable Evac. Compressor for Pipe. Vent (P&T)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH27   LO                                  0.023         0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0021       -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021    -0.0021
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.006         0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS6     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.789         0.789      0.789      0.789      0.789      0.789      0.789      0.789      0.789
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS7     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                     15
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTNC28             Description              No Control on Directed I&M (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS7     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS8     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTIMC28            Description              P&T-D I&M (Compressor Stations)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH28   LO                                  0.028         0.028      0.028      0.028      0.028      0.028      0.028      0.028      0.028
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0005       -0.0005    -0.0005    -0.0005    -0.0005    -0.0005    -0.0005    -0.0005    -0.0005
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.005         0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS7     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.001         0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS8     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD      PJ                      0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTIME28            Description              P&T-D I&M (Compressor Stations: Enhanced)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH28   LO                                  0.022         0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022      0.022
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0006       -0.0006    -0.0006    -0.0006    -0.0006    -0.0006    -0.0006    -0.0006    -0.0006
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.006         0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS7     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.001         0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS8      PJ                       1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                     0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                     m$/PJ                      0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTNC29              Description              No Control on Surge Vessels (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS8      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTSVS29             Description              Surge Vessels for Station/Well Venting (P&T)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH29   LO                                   0.024         0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0015       -0.0015    -0.0015    -0.0015    -0.0015    -0.0015    -0.0015    -0.0015    -0.0015
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.556         0.556      0.556      0.556      0.556      0.556      0.556      0.556      0.556
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS8      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                  27.791        27.791     27.791     27.791     27.791     27.791     27.791     27.791     27.791
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                      0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      10
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTNC29A             Description              No Control on D,I&M Storage & Pipe (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9A     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTIMS29A            Description              P&T-D I&M (Storage wells & Pipelines)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH28   LO                                   0.002         0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0001       -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.095         0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   0.095         0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095      0.095
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9A     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                      0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTIMT29A            Description              P&T-D I&M (Enhanced: Storage wells & Pipelines)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH28   LO                                   0.002         0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002      0.002
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0001       -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.126         0.126      0.126      0.126      0.126      0.126      0.126      0.126      0.126
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   0.094         0.094      0.094      0.094      0.094      0.094      0.094      0.094      0.094
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9A     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                      0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTNC29B             Description              No Control on Flash Tank Seperators (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9A     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9B     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995
Name         PNGTFTS29B            Description              Installation of Flash Tank Separators (P&T)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH29   LO                                   0.004         0.004         0.004      0.004      0.004      0.004      0.004      0.004      0.004
ENV_ACT      CO2          mt/PJ                   0.0002        0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0003       -0.0003       -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.039         0.039         0.039      0.039      0.039      0.039      0.039      0.039      0.039
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9A     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   0.113         0.113         0.113      0.113      0.113      0.113      0.113      0.113      0.113
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9B     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTNC29C             Description              No Control on Install Flares (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995           2000         2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9B     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9C     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTFLR29C            Description              Install Flares
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH29   LO                                   0.100         0.100         0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100      0.100
ENV_ACT      CO2          mt/PJ                   0.0092        0.0092        0.0092     0.0092     0.0092     0.0092     0.0092     0.0092     0.0092
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0122       -0.0122       -0.0122    -0.0122    -0.0122    -0.0122    -0.0122    -0.0122    -0.0122
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.011         0.011         0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9B     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   0.072         0.072         0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9C     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTNC29D             Description              No Control on ClockSpring Repair Kits (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995           2000         2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9C     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9D     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTCSR29D            Description              ClockSpring Repair Kits (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH29   LO                                   0.001         0.001         0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0001       -0.0001       -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001    -0.0001
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9C     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   0.023         0.023         0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023      0.023
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9D     PJ                        1.00           1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                      0.0000        0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   2000

Name         PNGTNC29E             Description              No Control on Redesign Blowdown/ESD (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995           2000         2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9D     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9E     PJ                       1.00           1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGTRDB29E            Description              Redesign Blowdown/ESD (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000          2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH29   LO                                   0.116         0.116         0.116      0.116      0.116      0.116      0.116      0.116      0.116
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0142       -0.0142       -0.0142    -0.0142    -0.0142    -0.0142    -0.0142    -0.0142    -0.0142
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9D     PJ                       1.00            1.00       1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                  0.018          0.018      0.018     0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPTS9E     PJ                       1.00            1.00       1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                     0.0008         0.0008     0.0008    0.0008     0.0008     0.0008     0.0008     0.0008     0.0008
VAROM                     m$/PJ                      0.0            0.0        0.0       0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      15
START                                   2000

Name         PNGTNC29F             Description              No Control on Hot Taps (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015         2020     2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9E     PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGATD        PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      15
START                                   2000

Name         PNGTHTS29F            Description              Hot Taps (Trans&Stor)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGTMTH29   LO                                   0.029         0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029      0.029
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0028       -0.0028    -0.0028    -0.0028    -0.0028    -0.0028    -0.0028    -0.0028    -0.0028
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                   0.000         0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000      0.000
INP(ENT)p    NGAPTS9E     PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   0.009         0.009      0.009      0.009      0.009      0.009      0.009      0.009      0.009
OUT(ENC)p    NGATD        PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGTADD       PJ                      0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      20
START                                   1995


NG Emission Mitigation Process Technologies - Distribution
Name         PNGDNC31              Description              No Control using I&M (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015         2020     2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAD         PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD1        PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGDDIM31             Description              Directed I&M (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH31   LO                                   0.072         0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0013       -0.0013    -0.0013    -0.0013    -0.0013    -0.0013    -0.0013    -0.0013    -0.0013
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                  0.0077         0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008      0.008
INP(ENT)p    NGAD         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                   2.428         2.428      2.428      2.428      2.428      2.428      2.428      2.428      2.428
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD1        PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD       PJ                      0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGDEIM31             Description              Enhanced I&M (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH31   LO                                   0.072         0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072      0.072
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR       kt/PJ                  -0.0033       -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033    -0.0033
FIXOM                     m$/PJa                  10.497        10.497     10.497     10.497     10.497     10.497     10.497     10.497     10.497
INP(ENT)p    NGAD         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                   m$/PJa                  10.524        10.524     10.524     10.524     10.524     10.524     10.524     10.524     10.524
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD1        PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD       PJ                      0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                     m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       5
START                                   1995

Name         PNGDNC32              Description              No Control using Electronic Monitoring (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy       Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015         2020     2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAD1        PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD2       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDEMF32            Description              Electronic Monitor at Lg Surface Fac. (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH32   LO                                  0.045         0.045      0.045      0.045      0.045         0.045      0.045      0.045      0.045
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0030       -0.0030    -0.0030    -0.0030    -0.0030       -0.0030    -0.0030    -0.0030    -0.0030
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.006         0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006         0.006      0.006      0.006      0.006
INP(ENT)p    NGAD1       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                   0.038         0.038      0.038      0.038      0.038         0.038      0.038      0.038      0.038
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD2       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD      PJ                      0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDNC33             Description              No Replacement of Cast Iron Pipelines (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAD2       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD3       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDRCI33            Description              Replacement of Iron/Unprotected Steel Pipe. (D)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH33   LO                                  0.057         0.057      0.057      0.057      0.057         0.057      0.057      0.057      0.057
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0038       -0.0038    -0.0038    -0.0038    -0.0038       -0.0038    -0.0038    -0.0038    -0.0038
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                   0.001         0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001         0.001      0.001      0.001      0.001
INP(ENT)p    NGAD2       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                  23.125        23.125     23.125     23.125     23.125        23.125     23.125     23.125     23.125
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD3       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD      PJ                      0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDNC34             Description              No Replecement of Steel Services (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAD3       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD4       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDRUS34            Description              Replacement of Unprotected Steel Services (D)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH34   LO                                  0.024         0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024         0.024      0.024      0.024      0.024
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0016       -0.0016    -0.0016    -0.0016    -0.0016       -0.0016    -0.0016    -0.0016    -0.0016
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                  40.900        40.900     40.900     40.900     40.900        40.900     40.900     40.900     40.900
INP(ENT)p    NGAD3       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                 550.444       550.444    550.444    550.444    550.444       550.444    550.444    550.444    550.444
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD4       PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD      PJ                      0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
VAROM                    m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                       0
START                                      0

Name         PNGDNC35             Description              No Smart Regulators (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAD4       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD5       PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDSRC35            Description              Use smart regulators/clocking solenoids (D)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010       2015          2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH34   LO                                   0.055         0.055      0.055      0.055        0.055      0.055      0.055      0.055      0.055
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                   -0.0036       -0.0036    -0.0036    -0.0036      -0.0036    -0.0036    -0.0036    -0.0036    -0.0036
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                    0.013         0.013      0.013      0.013        0.013      0.013      0.013      0.013      0.013
INP(ENT)p    NGAD4       PJ                         1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                    0.033         0.033      0.033      0.033        0.033      0.033      0.033      0.033      0.033
OUT(ENC)p    NGAD5       PJ                         1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD      PJ                       0.0002        0.0002     0.0002     0.0002       0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002     0.0002
VAROM                    m$/PJ                        0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDNC36             Description               No Leak Detection Surveys (Distrib)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGAD5       PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGA01       PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDWLD36            Description               Leak detection/walking surveys (D)
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID            1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                  1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
S_NGDMTH34   LO                                   0.005         0.005      0.005      0.005        0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005      0.005
ENV_ACT      MTHAIR      kt/PJ                   -0.0003       -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003      -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003    -0.0003
FIXOM                    m$/PJa                    0.043         0.043      0.043      0.043        0.043      0.043      0.043      0.043      0.043
INP(ENT)p    NGAD5       PJ                         1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                  m$/PJa                    0.011         0.011      0.011      0.011        0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011      0.011
OUT(ENC)p    NGA01       PJ                         1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGDADD      PJ                       0.0000        0.0000     0.0000     0.0000       0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
VAROM                    m$/PJ                        0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0          0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995


NG Capture Collection Process Technologies
Name         PNGPADD1             Description               Collect NG captured in Production
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGPADD      PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGAPT       PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGTADD2             Description               Collect NG captured in Proc, Trans & Storage
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGTADD      PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGATD       PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995

Name         PNGDADD3             Description               Collect NG captured in Distribution
Parameter    Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010         2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
AF                                                 1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p    NGDADD      PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p    NGA01       PJ                        1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                  1995




                                              Back to Top

                                              Back to INDEX
Petroleum Production Natural Gas Release Mitigation Technology Data



Economic Driver(s)        Description:                 Data Source(s):
Domestic Oil Production
                                                                                                                Mitigation Op



Name                      Technologies                 Description

                                                       Flaring is a better alternative to venting because
                                                       it burns the gas rather than releasing it into the
                          Flaring instead of Venting
POILDOFF2                                              atmosphere. Due to the offshore environment,
                          (Offshore)                   implementation costs will be higher due to
                                                       technical, environmental and safety issues.



                                                       Same as above; but implementation costs will be
                                                       lower since the flaring option addresses onshore
                          Flaring instead of Venting
POILDONF2                                              facilities, which do not have the same technical,
                          (Onshore)                    environmental and safety problems associated
                                                       with offshore facilities.



                                                       Instead of venting, emissions are curtailed by
                                                       using the gas for consumption on the platform,
                          Associated Gas for Market
POILDOFA2                                              and/or using the gas for domestic consumption
                          Use (Offshore)               by converting it to liquefied natural gas (LNG) or
                                                       to electricity.




                                                       Instead of flaring, associated gas is utilized for re-
                          Associated Gas for market
POILDONA2                                              injection into the field for enhanced oil recovery,
                          Use (Onshore)                or consumption within the facility.




                          Lower 48 Onshore
POILDON1
                          Production
                          Lower 48 Offshore
POILDOF1
                          Production
                          Alaska Onshore
POILAON1
                          Production
                          Alaska Offshore
POILAOF1
                          Production
                          Venting (No Control) Lower
POILDONV2
                          48 Onshore
                          Venting (No Control)
POILDOFV2
                          Lower 48 Offshore
            Venting (No Control)
POILAONV2
            Alaska Onshore
            Venting (No Control)
POILAOFV2
            Alaska Offshore

                                         Flaring is a better alternative to venting because
                                         it burns the gas rather than releasing it into the
            Flaring instead of Venting
POILAOFF2                                atmosphere. Due to the offshore environment,
            (Alaska Offshore)            implementation costs will be higher due to
                                         technical, environmental and safety issues.



                                         Same as above; but implementation costs will be
                                         lower since the flaring option addresses onshore
            Flaring instead of Venting
POILAONF2                                facilities, which do not have the same technical,
            (Alaska Onshore)             environmental and safety problems associated
                                         with offshore facilities.


                                         Instead of venting, emissions are curtailed by
                                         using the gas for consumption on the platform,
            Associated Gas for Market
POILAOFA2                                and/or using the gas for domestic consumption
            Use (Alaska Offshore)        by converting it to liquefied natural gas (LNG) or
                                         to electricity.


                                         Instead of flaring, associated gas is utilized for re-
            Associated Gas for market
POILAONA2                                injection into the field for enhanced oil recovery,
            Use (Alaska Onshore)         or consumption within the facility.



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            Back to INDEX
hnology Data               Yellow highlight indicates taken from TCH Table 2-2-03.XLS
                           Potential
                           Change in
                           Emissions
        Emission Factor(s) Factor(s)

               Mitigation Options

                                                               O&M Costs   MAX %
                            Reduction     Capital Costs ($/TCE ($/TCE in   subject to
        Applicability       Efficiency    in 2000USD)          2000USD)    mitigation



                                    98%         3052.86            91.36        4%




                                    98%         122.11              3.65        2%




                                    90%         203.52              4.06        10%




                                    95%         244.23              8.12        6%
98%   3052.86   91.36   4%




98%   122.11    3.65    2%




90%   203.52    4.06    10%




95%   244.23    8.12    6%
LIFE   START RESID



  15    1995




  15    1995




  15    1995




  15    1995




   5    1995

   5    1995

   5    1995

   5    1995

   5    1995

   5    1995
5    1995

5    1995




15   1995




15   1995




15   1995




15   1995
Oil Supply Resource Characteristics
 Domestic Oil Production
Name          MINOIL1                  Description               Domestic Crude - Lower 48 - Supply Step 1
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis     Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP                 PJ                         0.00        0.00       0.00       0.00
Name          MINOILD1                 Description               Domestic Crude - Lower 48 - Supply Step 1
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID          1995      2000      2005      2010
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                11467.0639 10972.332 10229.675 9068.2274
COST          -                m$/PJ                 2.9406    3.1797     3.409    2.6456
OUT(ENT)r     OILD                                        1         1         1         1

Name          MINOIL2                  Description               Domestic Crude - Lower 48 - Supply Step 2
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis     Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP                 PJ                         0.00        0.00       0.00       0.00
Name          MINOILD2                 Description               Domestic Crude - Lower 48 - Supply Step 2
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005        2010
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                           0            0         0    714.7371
COST          -                m$/PJ                        0            0         0      3.5035
OUT(ENT)r     OILD                                          1            1         1           1

Name          MINOIL3                  Description               Domestic Crude - Lower 48 - Supply Step 3
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis     Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP                 PJ                         0.00        0.00       0.00       0.00
Name          MINOILD3                 Description               Domestic Crude - Lower 48 - Supply Step 3
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005        2010
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                           0            0         0    871.0859
COST          -                m$/PJ                        0            0         0      4.5008
OUT(ENT)r     OILD                                          1            1         1           1

Name          MINOILA                  Description               Domestic Crude - Alaska - Supply Step 1
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis     Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP                 PJ                         0.00        0.00       0.00       0.00
Name          MINOILA1                 Description               Domestic Crude - Alaska - Supply Step 1
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID             1995      2000      2005          2010
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                    3265.4553 2328.4796 1786.8428      1541.152
COST          -                m$/PJ                    2.9406    3.1797     3.409        2.6456
OUT(ENT)r     OILA                                           1         1         1             1

Name          MINOILB                  Description               Domestic Crude - Alaska - Supply Step 2
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis     Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP                 PJ                         0.00        0.00       0.00       0.00
Name          MINOILA2                 Description               Domestic Crude - Alaska - Supply Step 2
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005        2010
BOUND(BD)Or   UP               PJ                           0            0         0     22.3355
COST          -                m$/PJ                        0            0         0      3.5035
OUT(ENT)r     OILA                                          1            1         1           1

Name          MINOILC                  Description               Domestic Crude - Alaska - Supply Step 3
Parameter   Energy/BD/Emis     Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP                 PJ                         0.00        0.00       0.00       0.00
Name          MINOILA3                 Description               Domestic Crude - Alaska - Supply Step 3
Parameter     Energy/BD/Emis   Units      TID            1995         2000      2005       2010
BOUND(BD)Or UP          PJ                        0            0         0    44.6711
COST        -           m$/PJ                     0            0         0     4.5008
OUT(ENT)r   OILA                                  1            1         1          1


Processes to Split Oil Production between On/Off Shore
Name        POILDON1            Description            Lower 48 Onshore Production
Parameter   Energy      Units      TID          1995        2000      2005       2010
AF                                              1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                 0.0808      0.0791    0.0791     0.0791
INP(ENT)p   OILD        PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OILDON      PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
LIFE                                    5
START                                1995

Name        POILDOF1            Description            Lower 48 Offshore Production
Parameter   Energy      Units      TID          1995        2000      2005       2010
AF                                              1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                 0.0808      0.0791    0.0791     0.0791
INP(ENT)p   OILD        PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OILDOF      PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
LIFE                                    5
START                                1995

Name        POILAON1            Description            Alaska Onshore Production
Parameter   Energy      Units      TID          1995        2000      2005       2010
AF                                              1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                 0.0765      0.0765    0.0765     0.0765
INP(ENT)p   OILA        PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OILAON      PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   NGAPT       PJ                      0.26         0.26      0.26       0.26
LIFE                                    5
START                                1995

Name        POILAOF1            Description            Alaska Offshore Production
Parameter   Energy      Units      TID          1995        2000      2005       2010
AF                                              1.00        1.00      1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                 0.0456      0.0456    0.0456     0.0456
INP(ENT)p   OILA        PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OILAOF      PJ                      1.00         1.00      1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   NGAPT       PJ                      0.18         0.18      0.18       0.18
LIFE                                    5
START                                1995


Data for ADRATIOs to determine ratios of Onshore and Offshore oil production
S_OILDON    POILDON1    PJ                    0.753        0.668     0.585     0.521
S_OILDOFF   POILDOF1    PJ                    0.247        0.332     0.415     0.479
S_OILAON    POILAON1    PJ                    0.768        0.701     0.701     0.701
S_OILAOFF   POILAOF1    PJ                    0.232        0.299     0.299     0.299

Oil System Emission Mitigation Technologies - Production
Name        POILDONV2           Description            Venting (No Control) Lower 48 Onshore
Parameter   Energy      Units      TID         1995         2000      2005      2010
AF                                               1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p   OILDON      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                     5
START                                 1995

Name        POILDONF2            Description              Flaring instead of Venting (Onshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0792       -0.0775    -0.0775    -0.0775
ENV_ACT     CO2         kt/PJ                   0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   0.028         0.028      0.028      0.028
INP(ENT)p   OILDON      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                   0.946         0.946      0.946      0.946
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995

Name        POILDONA2            Description              Associated Gas for market Use (Onshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0768       -0.0751    -0.0751    -0.0751
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   0.063         0.063      0.063      0.063
INP(ENT)p   OILDON      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                   1.891         1.891      1.891      1.891
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   NGAPT       PJ                     0.0042         0.0042     0.0042     0.0042
VAROM                   m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995

Name        POILDOFV2            Description              Venting (No Control) Lower 48 Offshore
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                               1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p   OILDOF      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                     5
START                                 1995

Name        POILDOFF2            Description              Flaring instead of Venting (Offshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0792       -0.0775    -0.0775    -0.0775
ENV_ACT     CO2         kt/PJ                   0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   0.708         0.708      0.708      0.708
INP(ENT)p   OILDOF      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                  23.642        23.642     23.642     23.642
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995
Name        POILDOFA2            Description              Associated Gas for Market Use (Offshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0727       -0.0712    -0.0712    -0.0712
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   0.031         0.031      0.031      0.031
INP(ENT)p   OILDOF      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                   1.576         1.576      1.576      1.576
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   NGAPT       PJ                     0.0040         0.0040     0.0040     0.0040
VAROM                   m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995

Name        POILAONV2            Description              Venting (No Control) Alaska Onshore
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                               1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p   OILAON      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                     5
START                                 1995

Name        POILAONF2            Description              Flaring instead of Venting (Alaska Onshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0749       -0.0749    -0.0749    -0.0749
ENV_ACT     CO2         kt/PJ                   0.0001        0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   0.027         0.027      0.027      0.027
INP(ENT)p   OILAON      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                   0.895         0.895      0.895      0.895
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995

Name        POILAONA2            Description              Associated Gas for market Use (Alaska Onshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID           1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                  -0.0727       -0.0727    -0.0727    -0.0727
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   0.060         0.060      0.060      0.060
INP(ENT)p   OILAON      PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                   1.790         1.790      1.790      1.790
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                        1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   NGAPT       PJ                     0.0040         0.0040     0.0040     0.0040
VAROM                   m$/PJ                       0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                      0
START                                     0

Name        POILAOFV2            Description              Venting (No Control) Alaska Offshore
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID          1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                               1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
INP(ENT)p   OILAOF      PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
LIFE                                      5
START                                 1995

Name        POILAOFF2            Description                Flaring instead of Venting (Alaska Offshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID             1995          2000       2005       2010
AF                                                 1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                   -0.0447        -0.0447    -0.0447    -0.0447
ENV_ACT     CO2         kt/PJ                   0.00004         0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                     0.399         0.399      0.399      0.399
INP(ENT)p   OILAOF      PJ                         1.00            1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                   13.345         13.345     13.345     13.345
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                         1.00            1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                         0.0           0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995

Name        POILAOFA2            Description                Associated Gas for Market Use (Alaska Offshore)
Parameter   Energy      Units       TID            1995           2000       2005       2010
AF                                                 1.00           1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT     MTHAIR      kt/PJ                   -0.0410        -0.0410    -0.0410    -0.0410
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                    0.018          0.018      0.018      0.018
INP(ENT)p   OILAOF      PJ                         1.00            1.00       1.00       1.00
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                    0.890          0.890      0.890      0.890
OUT(ENC)p   OIL         PJ                         1.00            1.00       1.00       1.00
OUT(ENC)p   NGAPT       PJ                      0.0023          0.0023     0.0023     0.0023
VAROM                   m$/PJ                        0.0            0.0        0.0        0.0
LIFE                                    15
START                                 1995



                                             Back to Top

                                             Back to INDEX
ower 48 - Supply Step 1
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
                  0.00      0.00        0.00     0.00      0.00
ower 48 - Supply Step 1
                  2015      2020        2025      2030      2035
             9023.5564 8621.5167    8399.026 8182.2769 7971.1214
                2.6456    2.6456      2.7206    2.7977    2.8769
                     1         1           1         1         1

ower 48 - Supply Step 2
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
                  0.00      0.00        0.00     0.00      0.00
ower 48 - Supply Step 2
                  2015      2020        2025      2030      2035
             1362.4677 1496.4809    1457.862 1420.2398 1383.5884
                3.5995    3.7015      3.8063    3.9142    4.0251
                     1         1           1         1         1

ower 48 - Supply Step 3
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
                  0.00      0.00        0.00     0.00      0.00
ower 48 - Supply Step 3
                  2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
             1183.7834 1764.5073 1718.9716 1674.6111 1631.3953
                4.5653    4.5863    4.7163    4.8499    4.9873
                     1         1         1         1         1

aska - Supply Step 1
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
                  0.00      0.00        0.00     0.00      0.00
aska - Supply Step 1
                  2015      2020      2025      2030      2035
             1987.8627 2412.2378 2412.2378 2412.2378 2412.2378
                2.6456    2.6456    2.7206    2.7977    2.8769
                     1         1         1         1         1

aska - Supply Step 2
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
                  0.00      0.00        0.00     0.00      0.00
aska - Supply Step 2
                  2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
               22.3355    44.6711    44.6711   44.6711   44.6711
                3.5995     3.7015     3.8063    3.9142    4.0251
                     1          1          1         1         1

aska - Supply Step 3
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
                  0.00      0.00        0.00     0.00      0.00
aska - Supply Step 3
                 2015       2020       2025      2030      2035
             44.6711    44.6711    44.6711    44.6711    44.6711
              4.5653     4.5863     4.7163     4.8499     4.9873
                   1          1          1          1          1


Off Shore
                2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
              0.0791     0.0791     0.0791     0.0791     0.0791
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00




                2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
              0.0791     0.0791     0.0791     0.0791     0.0791
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00




                2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
              0.0765     0.0765     0.0765     0.0765     0.0765
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 0.26       0.26       0.26       0.26       0.26




                2015       2020       2025       2030       2035
                1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
              0.0456     0.0456     0.0456     0.0456     0.0456
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 0.18       0.18       0.18       0.18       0.18




hore oil production
               0.518     0.520      0.498      0.498      0.498
               0.482     0.480      0.502      0.502      0.502
               0.701     0.701      0.701      0.701      0.701
               0.299     0.299      0.299      0.299      0.299

 Production
) Lower 48 Onshore
                2015      2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00




enting (Onshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0775     -0.0775    -0.0775    -0.0775    -0.0775
                0.0001      0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
                 0.028       0.028      0.028      0.028      0.028
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 0.946       0.946      0.946      0.946      0.946
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




market Use (Onshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0751     -0.0751    -0.0751    -0.0751    -0.0751
                 0.063       0.063      0.063      0.063      0.063
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.891       1.891      1.891      1.891      1.891
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                0.0042      0.0042     0.0042     0.0042     0.0042
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




) Lower 48 Offshore
                    2015     2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00




enting (Offshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0775     -0.0775    -0.0775    -0.0775    -0.0775
                0.0001      0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
                 0.708       0.708      0.708      0.708      0.708
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                23.642      23.642     23.642     23.642     23.642
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
Market Use (Offshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0712     -0.0712    -0.0712    -0.0712    -0.0712
                 0.031       0.031      0.031      0.031      0.031
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.576       1.576      1.576      1.576      1.576
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                0.0040      0.0040     0.0040     0.0040     0.0040
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




) Alaska Onshore
                    2015     2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00




enting (Alaska Onshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0749     -0.0749    -0.0749    -0.0749    -0.0749
                0.0001      0.0001     0.0001     0.0001     0.0001
                 0.027       0.027      0.027      0.027      0.027
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 0.895       0.895      0.895      0.895      0.895
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




market Use (Alaska Onshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0727     -0.0727    -0.0727    -0.0727    -0.0727
                 0.060       0.060      0.060      0.060      0.060
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 1.790       1.790      1.790      1.790      1.790
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                0.0040      0.0040     0.0040     0.0040     0.0040
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




) Alaska Offshore
                    2015     2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    1.00     1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
enting (Alaska Offshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0447     -0.0447    -0.0447    -0.0447    -0.0447
                0.0000      0.0000     0.0000     0.0000     0.0000
                 0.399       0.399      0.399      0.399      0.399
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                13.345      13.345     13.345     13.345     13.345
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0




Market Use (Alaska Offshore)
                  2015        2020       2025       2030       2035
                  1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
               -0.0410     -0.0410    -0.0410    -0.0410    -0.0410
                 0.018       0.018      0.018      0.018      0.018
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                 0.890       0.890      0.890      0.890      0.890
                   1.00        1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                0.0023      0.0023     0.0023     0.0023     0.0023
                    0.0         0.0        0.0        0.0        0.0
                                 EPA Source Data for Emissions from Manure Management
Table M-6: CH4 Emissions from Livestock Manure Management (Gg)
Animal Type                                       1990                  1995                     2000
Dairy Cattle                                            545                  640                   693
  Dairy Cows                                            535                  631                   684
  Dairy Heifer                                            9                    9                     9
Swine                                                   623                  763                   813
  Market Swine                                          484                  608                   665
    Market <60 lbs.                                     102                  121                   128
    Market 60-119 lbs.                                  101                  123                   132
    Market 120-179 lbs.                                 136                  170                   185
    Market >180 lbs.                                    145                  193                   220
  Breeding Swine                                        139                  155                   148
Beef Cattle                                             161                  164                   157
Feedlot Steers                                           21                   14                    16
Feedlot Heifers                                          10                    8                     9
NOF Bulls                                                 6                    7                     6
NOF Calves                                               15                   16                    15
NOF Heifers                                              16                   20                    17
NOF Steers                                               11                   12                    11
NOF Cows                                                 80                   87                    83
Sheep                                                     3                    2                     2
Goats                                                     1                    1                     1
Poultry                                                 128                  124                   125
Hens >1 yr.                                              33                   33                    31
Total Pullets                                            63                   58                    57
Chickens                                                  4                    4                     3
Broilers                                                 19                   21                    27
Turkeys                                                  10                    9                     8
Horses                                                   29                   29                    30
Total (Gg)                                          1490                 1723                    1821
Total (MMTCE)                                        8.54                 9.87                  10.43
Total (Tg CO2 eq)                                  31.30                36.20                   38.26

                                                          Table 1. U.S. Baseline Methane Emissions, Gg CH4
Sectors                                  1990 (hist.)         1995 (hist.)         2000 (prelim. est.)
Manure Management                         1256.54              1431.06                  1640.49




                                                                                   Data Needed to Model Emis
                                           Units                        1995                     2000
Dairy Cattle & Swine Manure
 Dairy Cattle                            (MT VS/yr)              22,783,740               22,357,904
 Swine                                   (MT VS/yr)              16,585,898               17,766,710

  Total annual manure produced           (MT VS/yr)              39,369,638               40,124,614
  Dry Process Treatment                (kg CH4/kg VS)               0.00167                  0.00165
  Liquid Slurry Treatment              (kg CH4/kg VS)               0.04940                  0.04885
  Anaerobic Lagoon Treatment           (kg CH4/kg VS)               0.11692                  0.11561
 Expected ratio of liquid systems              %              22%               24%

Beef Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Horse &
Poultry Emission
 Methane Emission                           (Gg CH4)           320                 321


                                                                                         Weighte
           Methane Generation Potential        2001 Data      1995              2000
                            Dairy Cattle          0.2113    0.3245            0.3303
                                  Swine              0.48

             Methane conversion factors        2001 Data
                                     Dry          1.00%      1.00%            1.00%
                            Liquid Slurry        29.57%     29.57%           29.57%
                       Anaerobic Lagoon          69.97%     69.97%           69.97%

          % of Liquid treatment systems        2001 Data
                             Dairy Cattle           20%       18%               20%
                                   Swine            30%       28%               30%
                  VS-weighted average %                       22%               24%




                                                                     Back to Top

                                                                     Back to INDEX
m Manure Management                                                                  Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emission
                        CH4 Emissions in Tg CO2 eq.                                                Table M-1: Livestock Populatio
                        1990             1995               2000                     Animal Type
                       11.445            13.440            14.553                    Dairy Cattle
                       11.235            13.251            14.364                    Swine
                        0.189             0.189             0.189                    Beef Cattle
                       13.083            16.023            17.073                    Feedlot Steers
                       10.164            12.768            13.965                    Feedlot Heifers
                        2.142             2.541             2.688                    NOF Bulls
                        2.121             2.583             2.772                    NOF Calves
                        2.856             3.570             3.885                    NOF Heifers
                        3.045             4.053             4.620                    NOF Steers
                        2.919             3.255             3.108                    NOF Cows
                        3.381             3.444             3.297                    Sheep
                        0.441             0.294             0.336                    Goats
                        0.210             0.168             0.189                    Poultry
                        0.126             0.147             0.126                    Horses
                        0.315             0.336             0.315
                        0.336             0.420             0.357
                        0.231             0.252             0.231
                        1.680             1.827             1.743
                        0.063             0.042             0.042
                        0.021             0.021             0.021
                        2.688             2.604             2.625
                        0.693             0.693             0.651
                        1.323             1.218             1.197
                        0.084             0.084             0.063
                        0.399             0.441             0.567
                        0.210             0.189             0.168
                        0.609             0.609             0.630
                        31.29           36.183            38.241



thane Emissions, Gg CH4
              2005 (proj.)      2010 (proj.)      2015 (proj.)      2020 (proj.)
                1727.75           1832.46           1954.62           2041.88




a Needed to Model Emissions from Manure Management
                        2005              2010              2015              2020                 2025

                 21,525,467        21,028,667         20,303,681       19,730,809            19,095,965
                 19,333,827        20,719,234         22,073,056       22,598,947            23,009,814

                 40,859,293        41,747,901         42,376,737       42,329,755            42,105,780
                    0.00165           0.00163            0.00161          0.00156               0.00152
                    0.04888           0.04825            0.04750          0.04626               0.04485
                    0.11567           0.11418            0.11242          0.10948               0.10614
  26%           28%           31%           33%           36%



   337          355           372           389            400


Weighted ave. CH4 Generation Potential (m3 CH4/kg VS)
  2005          2010          2015          2020          2025
0.3384        0.3447        0.3513        0.3548        0.3581



 1.00%        1.00%         1.00%         1.00%          1.00%
29.57%       29.57%        29.57%        29.57%         29.57%
69.97%       69.97%        69.97%        69.97%         69.97%


  21%          23%           26%           28%            31%
  32%          34%           36%           38%            40%
  26%          28%           31%           33%            36%
ory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2000: Page M-9
        Table M-1: Livestock Population (1,000 Head)
                        1990              1995              2000
                      14,143            13,502            13,070
                      53,941            58,899            58,892
                      86,087            94,391            89,215
                       7,338             7,763             8,280
                       3,621             4,047             4,872
                       2,180             2,392             2,196
                      23,909            25,170            23,508
                       8,872            10,680             9,353
                       7,490             8,693             7,248
                      32,677            35,645            33,760
                      11,358             8,989             7,032
                       2,516             2,200             1,990
                   1,537,074         1,679,704         2,072,877
                       5,069             5,130             5,240




                       2030             2035     Process name

                 18,469,562        17,843,158
                 23,576,490        24,143,165

                 42,046,051        41,986,323    RNWBMAN1
                    0.00147           0.00141    PBMANDR1
                    0.04331           0.04160    PBMANLS2
                    0.10251           0.09845    PBMANAL2
      39%      42%    S_BMANDRY



       415      430   PBMANEM1


)
      2030     2035
    0.3620   0.3658



     1.00%    1.00%
    29.57%   29.57%
    69.97%   69.97%


      34%      38%
      43%      45%
      39%      42%
                                                EPA Data on Emission Mitigation Technologies for Liqu


Technologies             Description:                                       Name

                         At small-scale farm systems in cool climate, the
Farm Scale Digesters- biogas generated from anaerobic digestion is             PBMANAC2
A (cool climate)      used to produce heat.


                         At small-scale farm systems in warm climate, the
Farm Scale Digesters- biogas generated from anaerobic digestion is             PBMANAW2
A (warm climate)      used to produce heat.



                         At small-scale farm systems in cool climate, the
Farm Scale Digesters- biogas generated from anaerobic digestion is             EBMANBC2
B (cool climate)      used to produce heat and electricity.



                         At small-scale farm systems in warm climate, the
Farm Scale Digesters- biogas generated from anaerobic digestion is             EBMANBW2
B (warm climate)      used to produce heat and electricity.


                         At centralized plants, the biogas generated from
                         anaerobic digestion is used to produce heat or
                         electricity. Centralized plants may take in
                                                                               EBMANCD2
                         additional organic wastes to ensure a consistent
Centralized Digesters    supply of waste all year round. The technical
(cool climate)           effectiveness varies by climate.
n Mitigation Technologies for Liquid Manure Management Systems

        Reduction          Capital Costs ($/TCE in     O&M Costs ($/TCE     MAX % subject
        Efficiency         2000USD)                    in 2000USD)          to mitigation   LIFE



                     50%                     4412.24               445.23             5%           15



                     75%                     1168.98               117.96             6%           15




                     50%                     4744.30                71.34             2%           15




                     75%                     1858.74                65.94             3%           15




                     50%                     1262.07               188.85             0%           15
              Conversion
START RESID   Efficiency



   2000                70%



   2000                80%




   2000                15%




   2000                20%




   2000                20%
Manure Resource Characteristics
Name          RNWBMAN1          Description                       Dairy Cattle & Swine Manure
Parameter     Energy   Units       TID          1995      2000         2005       2010        2015
BOUND(BD)Or   FX       mt                      39.37     40.12        40.86      41.75       42.38
COST                   m$/mt                     0.00      0.00        0.00        0.00        0.00
OUT(MAT)r     BMAN     mt                        1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
START                                1995

Name          PBMANEM1          Description                       Beef Cattle, Sheep, Goat, Horse & Poultry Emiss
Parameter     Energy   Units       TID          1995      2000         2005       2010        2015
AF                                               1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
BOUND(BD)O    FX       kt CH4                 320.00    321.13       336.58     354.76      371.69
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR   kt/kt                     1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
LIFE                                    5
START                                1995


Manure Management Technologies Characteristics
Name          PBMANDR1          Description                       Dry Process Treatment
Parameter     Energy   Units       TID          1995      2000         2005       2010        2015
AF                                               1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
S_BMANDRY     FX                                 0.78      0.76        0.74        0.72        0.69
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR   kt/mt                     1.67      1.65        1.65        1.63        1.61
FIXOM                  m$/PJa                    1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
INP(MAT)p     BMAN     mt/mt                     1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
INVCOST                m$/PJa                  50.00     50.00        50.00      50.00       50.00
VAROM                  m$/PJ                     2.00      2.00        2.00        2.00        2.00
LIFE                                   15
START                                1995

Name          PBMANLS2          Description                       Liquid Slurry Treatment
Parameter     Energy   Units       TID          1995      2000         2005       2010        2015
AF                                               1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR   kt/mt                   49.40     48.85        48.88      48.25       47.50
FIXOM                  m$/PJa                    1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
INP(MAT)p     BMAN     mt/mt                     1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
INVCOST                m$/PJa                  50.00     50.00        50.00      50.00       50.00
VAROM                  m$/PJ                     1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
LIFE                                   15
START                                1995
Name          PBMANAL2          Description                       Anaerobic Lagoon Treatment
Parameter     Energy   Units       TID          1995      2000         2005       2010        2015
AF                                               1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
ENV_ACT       MTHAIR   kt/mt                  116.92    115.61       115.67     114.18      112.42
FIXOM                  m$/PJa                    1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
INP(MAT)p     BMAN     mt/mt                     1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
INVCOST                m$/PJa                  50.00     50.00        50.00      50.00       50.00
VAROM                  m$/PJ                     1.00      1.00        1.00        1.00        1.00
LIFE                                   15
START                                1995
Name           PBMANAC2          Description                         Farm Scale Digesters-A (cool climate)
Parameter      Energy   Units       TID           1995       2000          2005       2010       2015
AF                                                 1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT        CO2      mt/PJ                  0.0028     0.0028        0.0028     0.0028     0.0028
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM   kt/PJ                    3.764     3.7641        3.7641     3.7641     3.7641
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   42.68      42.68         42.68      42.68      42.68
GROWTH
INP(MAT)p      BMAN     mt/PJ                    1.43        1.43         1.43        1.43       1.43
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                 422.91      422.91       422.91      422.91     422.91
OUT(ENC)p      INDNGA   PJ/PJ                    1.00        1.00         1.00        1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                    0.00        0.00         0.00        0.00       0.00
GROWTH_TID                            0.01
LIFE                                     15
START                                 2000

Name           PBMANAW2          Description                         Farm Scale Digesters-A (warm climate)
Parameter      Energy   Units       TID           1995       2000          2005       2010       2015
AF                                                 1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
ENV_ACT        CO2      mt/PJ                  0.0025     0.0025        0.0025     0.0025     0.0025
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM   kt/PJ                    3.294     3.2936        3.2936     3.2936     3.2936
FIXOM                   m$/PJa                   11.31      11.31         11.31      11.31      11.31
INP(MAT)p      BMAN     mt/PJ                      1.25       1.25          1.25       1.25       1.25
INVCOST                 m$/PJa                  112.05     112.05        112.05     112.05     112.05
OUT(ENC)p      INDNGA   PJ/PJ                      1.00       1.00          1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                      0.00       0.00          0.00       0.00       0.00
LIFE                                    15
START                                 2000

Name           EBMANBC2          Description                         Farm Scale Digesters-B (cool climate)
Parameter      Energy   Units       TID          1995        2000         2005        2010       2015
AF                                                1.00        1.00        1.00         1.00       1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                            0.01
ENV_ACT        CO2      mt/PJ                  0.0132     0.0132       0.0132      0.0132     0.0132
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM   kt/PJ                   17.566    17.5656      17.5656     17.5656    17.5656
FIXOM                   m$/Gw                     6.84        6.84         6.84        6.84       6.84
GROWTH                                                      1.300        1.300       1.200      1.200
INP(MAT)c      BMAN     mt/PJ                    6.67         6.67         6.67        6.67       6.67
INVCOST                 m$/Gw                  454.74      454.74       454.74      454.74     454.74
OUT(ENC)c      INDHET   PJ/PJ                    1.00         1.00         1.00        1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                    0.00         0.00         0.00        0.00       0.00
CAPUNIT                             31.536
GROWTH_TID                           0.01
LIFE                                    15
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                       1
START                                 2000

Name           EBMANBW2          Description                         Farm Scale Digesters-B (warm climate)
Parameter      Energy   Units       TID          1995        2000         2005        2010       2015
AF                                                1.00        1.00        1.00         1.00       1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                            0.01
ENV_ACT        CO2      mt/PJ                  0.0099     0.0099       0.0099      0.0099     0.0099
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM   kt/PJ                   13.174    13.1742      13.1742     13.1742    13.1742
FIXOM                   m$/Gw                    6.32        6.32          6.32      6.32       6.32
GROWTH                                                      1.300         1.300     1.200      1.200
INP(MAT)c      BMAN     mt/PJ                    5.00        5.00          5.00      5.00       5.00
INVCOST                 m$/Gw                  178.16      178.16        178.16    178.16     178.16
OUT(ENC)c      INDHET   PJ/PJ                    1.00        1.00          1.00      1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                    0.00        0.00          0.00      0.00       0.00
CAPUNIT                            31.536
GROWTH_TID                          0.01
LIFE                                   15
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                      1
START                                2000

Name           EBMANCD2         Description                          Centralized Digesters (cool climate)
Parameter      Energy   Units      TID          1995         2000         2005       2010       2015
AF                                               1.00         1.00        1.00        1.00       1.00
BOUND(BD)      UP                                            0.01
ENV_ACT        CO2      mt/PJ                 0.0099      0.0099       0.0099     0.0099     0.0099
ENV_ACT        MTHDUM   kt/PJ                  13.174     13.1742      13.1742    13.1742    13.1742
FIXOM                   m$/Gw                   18.10       18.10        18.10      18.10      18.10
GROWTH                                                      1.300        1.300      1.200      1.200
INP(MAT)c      BMAN     mt/PJ                    5.00         5.00         5.00       5.00       5.00
INVCOST                 m$/Gw                  120.97      120.97       120.97     120.97     120.97
OUT(ENC)c      INDHET   PJ/PJ                    1.00         1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00
VAROM                   m$/PJ                    0.00         0.00         0.00       0.00       0.00
CAPUNIT                            31.536
GROWTH_TID                          0.01
LIFE                                   15
OUT(ELC)_TID   ELC                      1
START                                2000




                                            Back to Top

                                            Back to INDEX
                 2020      2025     2030      2035
                42.33     42.11    42.05     41.99
                  0.00     0.00      0.00     0.00
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00



Goat, Horse & Poultry Emission
                 2020      2025     2030      2035
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
               388.90    400.28   414.97    429.67
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00




s
                 2020      2025     2030      2035
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                  0.67     0.64      0.61     0.58
                  1.56     1.52      1.47     1.41
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                50.00     50.00    50.00     50.00
                  2.00     2.00      2.00     2.00




                 2020      2025     2030      2035
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                46.26     44.85    43.31     41.60
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                50.00     50.00    50.00     50.00
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00




                 2020      2025     2030      2035
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
               109.48    106.14   102.51     98.45
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
                50.00     50.00    50.00     50.00
                  1.00     1.00      1.00     1.00
rs-A (cool climate)
                   2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                0.0028     0.0028     0.0028     0.0028
                 3.7641     3.7641     3.7641     3.7641    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -
                  42.68      42.68      42.68      42.68

                   1.43       1.43       1.43       1.43
                 422.91     422.91     422.91     422.91
                   1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                   0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00




rs-A (warm climate)
                   2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                0.0025     0.0025     0.0025     0.0025
                 3.2936     3.2936     3.2936     3.2936    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -
                  11.31      11.31      11.31      11.31
                    1.25       1.25       1.25       1.25
                 112.05     112.05     112.05     112.05
                    1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00




rs-B (cool climate)
                   2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00      1.00        1.00      1.00

                0.0132     0.0132     0.0132     0.0132
                17.5656    17.5656    17.5656    17.5656    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -
                    6.84       6.84       6.84       6.84
                  1.100      1.100      1.100      1.100
                    6.67       6.67       6.67       6.67
                 454.74     454.74     454.74     454.74
                    1.00       1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.00       0.00       0.00       0.00




rs-B (warm climate)
                   2020       2025       2030       2035
                    1.00      1.00        1.00      1.00

                0.0099     0.0099     0.0099     0.0099
                13.1742    13.1742    13.1742    13.1742    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -
                      6.32      6.32       6.32       6.32
                     1.100     1.100      1.100      1.100
                      5.00      5.00       5.00       5.00
                    178.16    178.16     178.16     178.16
                      1.00      1.00       1.00       1.00
                      0.00      0.00       0.00       0.00




rs (cool climate)
                     2020       2025       2030       2035
                      1.00      1.00        1.00      1.00

                0.0099       0.0099     0.0099     0.0099
                13.1742      13.1742    13.1742    13.1742    MTHDUM is used to calculate methane mitigtion for technologies that do not produce -
                  18.10        18.10      18.10      18.10
                  1.100        1.100      1.100      1.100
                    5.00         5.00       5.00       5.00
                 120.97       120.97     120.97     120.97
                    1.00         1.00       1.00       1.00
                    0.00         0.00       0.00       0.00
on for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR




on for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR




on for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR




on for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR
on for technologies that do not produce -MTHAIR