1 BRYAN HAIG CV BRYAN HAIG B. COMM M. COMM FORMERLY SENIOR FELLOW, DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED STUDIES, ANU, CANBERRA RESIDENCE – HOLIDAY PALACE CASINO RESORT, KHAN MITTAHEAP, SIHANOUKVILLE, CAMBODIA E mail – email@example.com SUMMARY My association with the development of Australian economic statistics started in 1949, when after graduating B Comm at Melbourne University, I joined the Australian Bureau if Statistics, as Research Officer, in the Research and Analysis Division. My main duties at the time were the conduct of business surveys (the “Quarterly Business Survey”), and occasional assistance on national accounting estimates to the then director, Horrie Brown. In 1956 and 1957 I was seconded to the Central Statistical Office, in the British Cabinet Office. The initial appointment was for one year, but it was extended to two years, with eventually I was offered a permanent position in the CSO. However, I acceded to a request from the Australian ABS, and duly returned to Canberra, to take up the position of Director of National Accounts, ABS, in succession to Bob Jay, who had been promoted to a position in Treasury. Jay and Kathleen Gleeson had done a first-class job in providing comparable estimates of all government authorizes in national accounting form, but there had been no further development in the system of national accounts, as initially developed by Horrie Brown in 1944. I remained in the ABS for five years and supervised the first official publications produced by the ABS on national accounts, quarterly estimates, and input– output and cooperated with Austin Holmes at the Reserve Bank in compiling statistics of the flow of funds. Other activities included including a projections of the labour force (with Michael Keating) for a combined ABS-Treasury committee, a forecast of economic activity for the first joint ABS-Treasury meeting on economic 2 forecasts, chaired by John Stone and the preparation of the weighting system for the first consumer price index, for the Statistician, Stan Carver. I resigned from the ABS IN 1963, and joined the Department of Economic History, RSSS, ANU, with the aim of compiling and interpreting estimates of historical statistics, especially of social accounting, to complement the work of Noel Butlin. However, my association with Noel did not work out and I subsequently transferred to Trevor Swan’s Department of Economics, and left aside further work in economic history (below, 2002). Trevor’s Department then largely comprised Trevor, Bill Phillips and Alan Hall. Not long afterwards Trevor left, followed by Bill and Alan, and I took early retirement in 1987. A record of achievements in the departments of the ANU is summarized in the following paragraphs, reproduced from the Annual Report of the RSSS. Mr. Bryan Douglas Haig Mr Bryan Haig took early retirement in August. He joined the University III 1963 as a Fellow, Department of Economic History, and Research School of Social Sciences and in 1972, as a Senior Fellow, transferred to the Department of Economics. During his time at the ANU he made a lasting contribution to economics and economic history in Australia. He belongs to the quantitative school of economic analysis and his work was greatly influenced by his early years in the Australian Bureau of Statistics where he was involved in the development of the first inputtoutput tables and the first quarterly national accounts for Australia. The influence of these early years can be seen in each of his major publications such as the estimates of the Capital Stock of Australian Manufacturing 1920-1977 (1980) and Australian Input- Output Tables (1965). Both these publications continue to be standard reference works. The high quality of Mr Haig's work was quickly recognised by statisticians in other countries. In 1963 he became an Elected Member of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth and always played an important part at their annual conferences and published in their journals. In 1987 he became a Founding Member of the International Input-Output Association. Mr Haig took his quantitative skills into economic history: his major contributions in this area include 1938/39 National Income Estimates (1967); Manufacturing Output and Productivity in Australia 1910-1948/49 (1975); and into cross-country comparisons, Real Product and Prices in Australia and the UK (1968). Mr 3 Haig has always had an interest in labour force matters being one of the first Australian economists to recognise the increasing importance of married women in the labour force and to systematically quantify some of the reasons for the different pay rates for men and women. Over the last few years he has researched the economics of gambling in Australia and attempted to provide estimates of its extent. He published a number of papers and was joint author of a book on this topic. During his sixteen years at the ANU Mr Haig published eight books and monographs and forty-eight papers. Since 1987 I have maintained a largely informal association with the ANU, initially with the Economics Department and later as an Affiliate of the RSSS. Two unpublished monographs are worthy of notice, one being a review of the Horrie Brown papers, which Horrie had given me several weeks before his death. These largely comprised records relating to the early work in the ABS, which he had intended to write up when he joined the ANU, but which took second place to the many other of his varied activities. The second was a review of T.A. Coghlan’s working sheets, describing his compilation of estimates of economic statistics in the late 19th century, including national income, consumption and capital inflow. The volume of working sheets had been retained from the early 1920s by Stan Carver, and given to me for research purposes by the ABS on my resignation. This report is cataloged in the Australian National Library and some University Libraries. A second publication, dealing more specifically with T.A. Coghlan’s use of economic statistics for analysis was later published in the History of Political Economy. An article on New Estimates of Australian GDP from 1860 was also published in the Australian Journal of Economic History. This was largely a revision of Butlin’s original series, incorporating criticisms made, including the prices used for deflation, and new estimates of product of building and manufacturing especially in the 19th century. The article could have been more properly described as a revised version of Butlin’s estimates, which he or any of his associates could have made, but did not do so. The difference between Butlin’s original series and the revised series depended substantially only on the relevance of the price series and the arguments of Thompson and Winslade on estimates of manufacturing and building and construction. Estimates of consumption from 1900 and the labor force in the 19th century, which had been completed many years earlier, were also revised, and are included in the list of publications below. 4 In recent years I have also been associated with Universities in other countries, including the USA (Duke), Indonesia (Gadjah Mada) and Cambodia (American University). I established and taught at an English school in Sumbawa, Indonesia. I also published a number of articles and monographs. A book jointly written with an Indonesian scholar on the relationship between the Indonesian and English language was recently published by Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. CV, APPOINTMENTS, PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER MISCELLANEA Academic qualifications 1949 B. Comm (Melb) 1951 M. Comm (Melb) Other professional qualifications 1947 Associate, Chartered Institute of Secretaries. 1955 Fellow, Royal Statistical Society. 1963 Elected Member, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Yale University 1987 Founding Member and Elected Member of the Committee of the International Input-Output Association, Vienna. Official Appointments 1949 Research Officer/Senior Research Officer, Research and Analysis Division, Australian Bureau of Statistics. Jan. 1955 to Dec. 1956 Statistician/Chief Statistician, Central Statistical Office, U.K. Cabinet Office, London. 1956 Secretary, Statistical Working Group on Britain's Long Term Steel Requirements (Joint U.K. Treasury and Cabinet Office). 1956 Australian Government delegate to Conference of Commonwealth Statisticians, London. 1956 U.K. Government delegate to the Conference of European Statisticians, Geneva (discussing revisions to the draft Standard System of National Accounts, OECD). 5 1957-62 Director, National Income and Expenditure Branch, Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1960 Visitor, UK Central Statistical Office Academic Appointments 1963 Fellow/Senior Fellow, Department of Economic History, Institute of Advanced Studies, RSSS, Australian National University. 1972 Senior Fellow, Department of Economics, RSSS, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University. 1988 Resigned from Australian National University. Later appointments 1989 to 1992 Manager and teacher, School of English, Sumbawa, Indonesia. 1992 to 2002, occasional appointments as Visiting Fellow, Economics Department, RSSS, and from 2002, as Affiliate, Information and Technology Branch, RSSS, Australian National University. 2003 Lecturer on International Trade, American University, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Papers delivered at major international conferences, mainly of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, and International Input-Output Association - 1956 (London, England); 1963 (Corfu, Italy); 1965 (Lom, Norway); 1973 (Balaton, Hungary); 1974 (Vienna, Austria); 1975 (Helsinki, Finland); 1977 (York, England): 1985 (Noordiwijkerhout, Netherlands); 1987 (Rome, Italy), 1998 (Cambridge, England). Official Publications (1949) Results of Quarterly Business Surveys (under the direction of H. P. Brown, Director of Research), Research and Analysis Division, Australian Bureau of Statistics. Subjects included labour market conditions, coverage of superannuation funds, investment expenditure and other information needed for compiling the official national accounts. Editor, Australian Social Accounts, National Income and Expenditure, 1948/49 to 1956/57 mimeographed, Australian Bureau of Statistics (copy in Menzies Archives, ANU). 6 Editor, Australian National Accounts, 1948/49 to 1962 (No.1), Australian Bureau of Statistics. Editor, Quarterly Estimates of National Income, 1960-1962 (nos 1 to 8), Australian Bureau of Statistics. Input-output tables, 1958-59, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1962. Flow of Funds in the United Kingdom, 1948-55. Working papers, British Cabinet Office, 1957, and Department of Applied Economics, Cambridge University, 1974 (copy in Library, ABS, Canberra). Books and Monographs, refereed (1968) Real Product and Prices in Australia and the U.K A.N.U. Press, 1968. (1968) Interpretation of National Income Estimates (with S. McBurney), A.N.U. Press 1968. (1971) The Australian economy to the year 2000: projections of income and expenditure 1970 to 2000, Australian Bureau of Roads, 173p. 1971 (Reprinted 1974). (1971) An Input-Output Model of Road Transport, Australian Bureau of Roads, 1971. (1978) A Model for Medium Term Economic Forecasting: projections of Australian income and expenditure. Australian Government Publishing Service, 33p. 1978 (1985) Gambling in Australia. With Geoffrey Caldwell, Mark Dickerson and Louise Sylvan (eds.), Croom Helm, Surry Hills, 288p. 1985 (1990) On the Edge of the Wilderness: Bogong Ski Lodge and land resumptions in NSW. Durham Publishing : distributed by Bibliotech, Australian National University, 106p. 1990 (2008) Kamus Thesaurus: Indonesia-Inggris, Inggris-Indonesia, with Muslimin Jasin, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 395p. 2008 Other books and monographs, catalogued by the Australian National Library (1973) Employment and the Labour Force in New South Wales and Victoria: 1861 to 1911 1973, revised 2009 and the results taken back to 1851. 110p. 7 (1980) Capital Stock in Australian Manufacturing 1920-1977, Department of Economics, RSSS, Australian National University, 1980. (2005) Sir Timothy Coghlan: A Neglected Pioneer in National Accounting 75 p. 2005. (2006) Consumption expenditure and real income, Australia: 1900 to 2003-04 Results and Sources and Methods. Assisted by Jennifer Anderssen. 1971, revised 2006, Canberra 114p Other publications, including articles, chapters in books and selected working papers (1964) "Ïnput-0utput relations" Economic Record, 1964. (1965) "The Treasury on the Measurement of Economic Growth", Australian Economic Papers, July-December 1965. , Reprinted in Hancock, Hughes and Wallace (coeds.) Applied Economics, Readings for Australian Students. (1965) "Indexes of Australian Factory Production", Economic Record, March 1965. (1966) "The Measurement of Product of Services”, Economic Record, December 1966. (1967) "1938/39 National Income Estimates", Australian Economic History Review, September 1967. (1971) "The Butlin Dowie Estimates of the Australian Work Force and Employment" (with M. Keating), Australian Economic History Review, March 1971. (1973) "An Input-Output Analysis of the Road Transport Industry", Working Paper, Bureau of Roads, 1973. (1973) "Stock Appreciation in the Measurement of National Income", Review of Income and Wealth, December 1973. (1973) "The Treatment of Banks in the Social Accounts", Economic Record, December 1973. (1973) "An Inter-Industry Model of Roads and Road Transport" (with A. Atkins and R. Burke), Proceedings of the Sixth Conference, Australian Road Research Board, 1973. 8 (1973) "The Participation of Married Women in the Australian Work Force, 1961-1972", (with M. P. Wood), Flinders University of South Australia, Institute of Labour Studies, 1973. (1974) "An Analysis of the Effects of Demand and Cost Factors on Inflation in the U.K., 1964-1974", (with M.P. Wood), Working Paper, Department of Applied Economics, University of Cambridge, 1974. (1974) "A Dynamic Input-Output System for Analyzing Price Changes", (with M. P. Wood), Working Paper No. 23, Department of Economics, RSSS, Australian National University, 1974. (1975) "The Treatment of Banks in the Social Accounts - A Reply", Economic Record, March 1975. (1975) "An Analysis of the Growth of Employment in the Service Industries", Review of Economics and Statistics, February 1975. (1975) "Do New Factories Embody Best-Practice Technology? - A Comment", Economic Journal, June 1975. (1975) "Manufacturing Output and Productivity in Australia, 1910-1948/49", Australian Economic History Review, September 1975. (1976) "An Input-output Model for Analyzing price changes" with M. P. Wood), Proceedings of the Sixth International Input-Output Conference on Input Output Techniques, Ballinger Publishing Co, Cambridge. 1976, (1976) "A Simulation Study of Married Women in the Australian Work Force 1961 - 72", (with M. P. Wood), Australian Economic Review, December 1976. (1978) "Australian Economic Growth and Structural Change in the 1950’s: An International Comparison", Australian Economic History Review, March 1978. (1978) "Married Women in the Labour Force - A Rejoinder" (with M. P. Wood), Australian Economic Papers, December 1978. (1978) "Tracing Price Changes through Stages of Production: Australia 1968- 1977", (with M. P. Wood), Review of Income and Wealth, 1978. (1979) "Discrimination in the Australian Labour Market", Working Paper, Department of Economics, Australian National University, 1979. (1980) "Profits and Investment in Manufacturing - A Contrary View", Australian Bulletin of Labour. The Flinders University National Institute of Labour Studies, March 1980. 9 (1980) "Earnings of Migrants in Australia", Journal of Industrial Relation, September 1980. Reprinted as "Earnings of Migrants" in Chapman, B.J., Isaac, J.C. and Niland, J.R. (eds) Australian Labour Economics Readings, Macmillan, Melbourne, 1983. (1981) "Inflation and Profits - The SVA and Depreciation Adjustments in the National Accounts", Discussion Paper No. 29, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, 1981. (1982) "Sex Discrimination in the Reward for Skills and Experience in the Australian Labour Force", Economic Record, 1982. (1982) "Inflation and Profits - the SVA and Depreciation Adjustments in the National Accounts", Economic Record. 1982. (1983) "Industrialisation and Productivity: Australian Manufacturing in the 1920' and 1950's", (with N. Cain), Explorations in Economic History, 1983. (1983) "The Gambling Industry and Expenditure on Gambling", Discussion Paper No. 115, Centre for Economic Policy Research, RSSS, Australian National University, 1983. (1983) “Employment and the Tariff in Victoria and New South Wales, 1861 to 1911”. Discussion Paper No. 207, Centre for Economic Policy Research, RSSS, Australian National University, 1983. (1985) "Economic Perspectives on Gambling: Editors Introduction" in Gambling in Australia, Croom Helm, Sydney, 1985. (1985) "The Gambling Industry and Expenditure on Legal Gambling" in Gambling in Australia, Croom Helm, Sydney, 1985. (1985) "Explaining and Predicting Expenditure on, and Revenue from, Legal Gambling" (with B. Reece) in Gambling in Australia, Croom Helm, Sydney, 1985. (1985) “Illegal Gambling in Australia”, Sporting Tradition, 1985 (1985) "Interest and Banking in the National Accounts" (with O. Covick) Working Paper No. 8506A, Centre for Money, Banking and Finance, Macquarie University, 1985. (1986) "Measuring Productivity in an Input-Output framework" (with M.P. Wood) The Measurement and Implications of Productivity Growth; 10 Proceedings of a Workshop, Bureau of Labour Market Research, Monograph Series no 14, AGPS, 1986 (1986) “The treatment of Interest and Financial Intermediaries in the National Accounts”, Review of Income and Wealth, 1986 (1986) “The Comparative Productivity of Australian Industry”, Discussion Paper No 142, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, 1986 (1987) “Productivity of Australian Industries”, National Economic Review, N.I.E.S.R. 1987 (1987) “Industry Productivity levels – are we in the World League” in Productivity growth: The Path to International Competitiveness, Conference Papers and Proceedings, Bureau of Industry Economics, AGPS, 1987 (1987) “Recreation and Entertainment 1929 to 1971”, Reference Australia, 1, 1987 (1989) “International comparisons of Australian GDP in the 19th century”, Review of Income and Wealth, June 1989 (1989) “Manufacturing employment and tariffs in Victoria and New South Wales 1861 to 1911” Discussion paper, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, (2005) “The World Economy: Historical Statistics” Economic Record, 2005 (2001) “New Estimates of Australian GDP 1861 – 1948/49”, Australian Economic History Review, 2001 (2007) “Australian Consumption Expenditure and Real Income: 1900 to 2003/2004” with Jennifer Anderssen, Economic Record, 2007 (2008) “Real product and Productivity of Industries since the 19th century: A Comment on ‘Lost Exceptionalism’”, Economic Record 2008 (2005-06) “Sir Timothy Coghlan and the Development of National Accounts” History of Political Economy, 2005-006 Commissioned papers include (1970) “Methods of Forecasting Expenditure on Cars”, (for Australian Bureau of Roads), 1970. 11 (circa 1970) "Projections of the Population and the Labour Force by States, to 2000" (for the Hancock Enquiry into Superannuation). (1976) "A Comment on Analyzing Tax Costs and Benefits by Income Range" (for Australian Bureau of Roads). (1977) "Analysis of Decentralization Incentives" (for Department of Industrial Development, Victorian Government). (1978) "A comment on Effects of Changes in Payroll Taxes on Prices" (for Department of Industrial Development, Victorian Government). Other miscellaneous papers include (1956) “Financial Statistics”. Fifth Conference of British Commonwealth Statisticians, 1960. “An economic model for forecasting Australian GDP “(prepared for Secretariat of the Vernon Committee, (Appendix N). Review of the Report of the Vernon Committee (seminar paper). Review of the Mathews Committee report on stock appreciation (seminar paper) (2006) “An introduction to the papers of Horrie Brown”, Manuscript Section, Australian National Library 2006.