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Barcelona’s solar thermal ordinance TOWARDS A NEW ENERGY CULTURE Toni Pujol Barcelona Energy Agency C20: The World Cities Leadership Summit London, 3-5 October 2005 What are the energy objectives of Barcelona? Strengthen the use of renewable energies and progressing towards increasing energy savings and energy efficiency. The Barcelona Energy Agency … … is a local public consortium that was created to advance towards a new territorial and local energy model based on the principles and values of a culture of sustainability. Each local energy strategy must be adapted to each local context… Segou, Daegu, Mali Korea London, UK Barcelona, Spain Energy measures in Barcelona Barcelona Energy Improvement Plan Barcelona Energy Observary. Emblematic projects. Boosting solar energy. Energy saving and energy efficiency. Information and participation. Strategies for the promotion of solar energy in Barcelona COMUNICATION PLANNING & & EDUCATION MANAGEMENT PIONEERING PROJECTS REGULATIONS ECONOMIC PUBLIC BUILDINGS MEASURES THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Aim of the ordinance to promote and regulate through local legislation the installation of low-temperature systems for collecting and using active solar energy for the production of hot water for buildings. Use solar energy to supply 60% of their running hot water requirements. Approved in July 1999 Entered into force in August 2000 THE SOLAR ORDINANCE The process of implementation of the solar ordinance Approval phase Functioning phase Revision phase 1999 2005 * A pioneer experience. * Need of consensus period with many stakeholders and interested parties, among them: property developers, construction companies, architects association. THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Functioning Results of the phase implementation Previous situation 1.650 m2 installed (1,1 m2/1.000 inhabitants) Current situation 24.513 m2 licences requested (16,4 m2/1.000 inhabitants) THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Functioning phase Results (2) Hot water production (equivalent energy savings) 19.626 MWh/year (city of 35.000 inhabitants) Estimated economic savings 1.087.301 €/year CO2eq savings 3.451 t/year (equivalent to yearly CO2 sequestration of 5 sqm of mediterranean forest) THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Functioning Results (uses) phase 549; 2% 2.200; 9% 5.641; 23% 14.764; 60% 1.452; 6% SANITARY EQUIPMENTS SPORTS CENTRES HOTELS OTHER RESIDENTIAL THE SOLAR ORDINANCE The chain reaction: Over 35 city councils across Spain have followed Barcelona’s example, and have specific legislation on solar thermal energy. Among them 8 provincial capitals: Barcelona, Madrid, Sevilla, Granada, Burgos, Pamplona y Valencia THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Revision 2005 - Revision phase phase REVISION and ADOPTION OF NEW TEXT + Accompanying measures Formación Participación y ocupacional Information & búsqueda de education consenso THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Revision REVISION and ADOPTION phase OF NEW TEXT MODIFICATIONS & IMPROVEMENTS IN NEW TEXT: Removal of limits and exemptions (all buildings to be affected – before it was only for buildings with demand > 296 MJ/day = demand of 16 households) Adaptation to new legal framework (Cód. Téc. Edific. / RITE) Clear and compulsory certification system More requirements on maintenance of installations. Strengthen architectural integration THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Revision phase Accompanying measures (I) Participation and consensus building - Ongoing meetings with all stakeholders - Establishment and ongoing work of the Solar Working Group: Mesa Solar -Discussion of the text with other working groups Signature of agreement with (Sustainability Board: Consejo Municipal de Medio Colegio de Ambiente y sostenibilidad) Administradores de Fincas - Establishment of memorandums and collaboration agreements. THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Participation and consensus building La Mesa para la Energía Solar de Barcelona Consultation body with representation of all major stakeholders involved in the implementation of the Solar ordinance and the development of solar energy within the city of Barcelona. This working group was formally set up on the 11 of January 2005. THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Participation Members of the solar working and consensus group: Mesa para la Energía building Solar de Barcelona Regional Energy Agency - Institut Català d’Energia City Council - Ajuntament de Barcelona Building Promoters Ass. - Asociación de Promotores de Edificios de Barcelona Catalan RES Promoters Ass - Asociación de Profesionales EERR, APERCA. Spanish RES Promoters Ass - Asociación Española EERR, ASENSA Community based ass. For RES and RUE - Asociación para la promoción de las energías renovables y el ahorro energético, BARNAMIL Property Agents Ass. Colegio de Administradores de Fincas Architects Ass. - Colegio de Arquitectos de Catalunya Engineers Ass. - Colegio de Ingenieros Industriales de Catalunya Union of installers - Gremio de Instaladores de Barcelona, FERCA Consumers organisation - Organización de Consumidores de Catalunya THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Revision phase Accompanying measures (II) Information and education - preparation and dissemination of information materials User guide for solar thermal installations - Info point of the Barcelona Energy Agency - Website: www.barcelonaenergia.com THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Revision phase Accompanying measures (II) Information and education and work with media!!… THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Revision phase Accompanying measures (III) Vocational training -Carrying out conferences and thematic information days on the solar ordinance. -Agreements with Gremio de Instaladores y Mantenedores de Barcelona (FERCA) - Union of installers- and Barcelona Activa (Local Develpment Agency of the Barcelona City Council) to undertake vocational training on solar energy installations. THE SOLAR ORDINANCE Final considerations POSITIVE AND DIRECT IMPACT More solar thermal panels installed, energy and CO2 savings. PARALLEL POSITIVE IMPACTS Introducing the issue of renewables in the construction sector Overcoming prejudices & adaptation to new dynamics CHALLENGES The promotion of renewable energies, cannot be an isolated action. A comprehensive plan of action on energy savings and energy efficiency has to be applied (eg. energy certification of buildings). Concerning the installations, the optimum functioning needs to be guaranteed for a long term use. www.barcelonaenergia.com Thank you for your attention !!