Oregon State University Extension Service http://www.css.orst.edu/newsnotes/
CROP and SOIL
Expo, DoubleTree Hotel – City Center, Spokane, WA.
Contact is the NW Direct Seed Conference Office (509-
October, 2000 547-5538; Fax - 509-547-5563; Email - email@example.com;
Vol. 14, No. 8 Web site - http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu/directseed/conf2k1).
January 29-February 3, 2001 – National Association of
* Identity Preservation of Grain
Wheat Growers National Wheat Industry Meeting, Fair-
* Perennial Weed Management
mont Hotel, New Orleans, LA.
* Oregon 2000 Hay & Straw King Contest
* Tri-State Grass Seed Research Conference - GSCSSA March 20 (noon) – March 23 (noon) – CSS Departmental
Meeting, Corvallis. Details will follow in later issues.
DATES AND PLACES Crop and Soil Science Administrative Plans
November 13-16 – “Pacific Northwest Grains Conference As you are likely aware, the Department of Crop and Soil Sci-
2000 – Partners for Success” - joint meeting of the Oregon ence is in a transition. Following the untimely death of Dr.
Wheat Growers League and Idaho Grain Producers. To Sheldon Ladd, our former department head, the decision was
be held at the Embassy Suites, Washington Square, Ti- made to take time to reflect on and discuss the best administra-
gard. For further information contact the Oregon Wheat tive structure for the department. Crop and Soil Science is the
Growers League office (541-276-7330; Fax: 541-276- largest department in the College of Agricultural Sciences and is
1723). larger than several campus colleges. We knew that the structure
we had been using the last several years – Sheldon as head, Dave
November 29-30 – GSCSSA (Grass Seed Cropping System Myrold and Russ Karow as associate heads and Lee Schweitzer
for a Sustainable Agriculture) 7th annual meeting, West as Director of Seed Services – had been working, but that not all
Coast Tri-Cities Hotel, Kennewick, WA. Contact Ralph P. of the administrative work that needed to be done was getting
Cavalieri (509-335-4564; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org) for done. The structure that we are now proposing mirrors the ex-
details. isting structure but includes the addition of a third associate
head, someone to work specifically with the more than 20 off-
December 11-12 – Oregon Seed Growers League Annual
campus faculty we have on experiment stations and in county
Meeting, Jantzen Beach DoubleTree Hotel, Portland. For
extension offices across the state. In addition to creating a third
details contact Bill Young (541-737-5859; Email:
associate position, we intend to provide dollar support for these
William.C.Young@orst.edu) or Gale Gingrich (503-373-
individuals so that they can hire postdoctoral students or other
3756; Email: email@example.com).
assistance while in the associate role. This will allow the associ-
January 16-18, 2001 – Spokane Ag Expo, featuring the NW ates to devote a greater amount of their time to administrative
Direct Seed Trade Show, in conjunction with the January duties while maintaining their existing program activities. As
17-19 NW Direct Seed Cropping System Conference, now envisioned, the associate positions will be three-year
Spokane, WA. For Ag Expo/Direct Seed Trade Show ex- assignments that rotate among faculty. We have just begun the
hibitor information, contact Dennis Fiess, Spokane process of preparing materials –job description, screening com-
Chamber of Commerce Ag Bureau (509-459-4114 or 509- mittee makeup, advertising plans – for filling our head position.
459-4108; Fax - 509-459-0077; Email - dfiess@chamber. A national search will be done with all those qualified and inter-
spokane.net; Web site - http://www.spokanechamber.org/ ested, both in and outside the OSU system, encouraged to apply.
agexpo). Our plan is to have a new, permanent head identified and in
place by late summer 2001. In the mean time, Russ Karow is
January 17-19, 2001 – Fourth NW Direct Seed Cropping serving as Interim Head, Dave Myrold and Pat Hayes have as-
System Conference with the NW Direct Seed Trade Show signments as associate heads and Lee Schweitzer continues to
as a special feature of the January 16-18 Spokane Ag
News/Notes - 2
ably lead the seed service units. We will keep you posted as the scientists at Pendleton and on the OSU campus. A standard set
process proceeds. of released wheat, barley and triticale varieties will be evaluated
as well as early generation materials from Jim Peterson’s breed-
ing program. The goal of the trials is to determine if there are
CEREALS differences in performance among existing varieties when late
Russ Karow planted into a long-term, direct seed environment and if early
generation selection under such conditions can lead to superior
Identity Preservation of Grain lines and varieties. Previous work has been done in this area but
often the trials were notill seeded into what had been conven-
There is growing interest in identity preservation of grain as a tionally prepared ground the preceding year. These trials will be
way to capture specific end use markets and to add value to cur- located on the Sherman Experiment Station outside Moro, OR,
rently grown crops. To help growers and grower groups learn on ground that is in its fourth year of direct seeding. The winter
more about this process, The Washington and Idaho wheat/grain trial was planted by Don Wysocki and crew the week of October
commissions and USDA Ag Marketing Service have organized a 16. Spring trials are also planned.
workshop titled “Learn How to Diversify Your Wheat Markets
Using Containers” to be held at the Spokane Airport Ramada Inn Alternate Crop Fact Sheets
on Thursday, November 30. Call the Washington Wheat Com-
mission office at 509-456-2481 to reserve a place. OSU and the NRCS office in Pendleton are working coopera-
tively to develop a set of fact sheets on alternate crops for the
You should also be aware that Oregon already has the policy and dryland region of the Columbia Basin. Grace Armah-Agyeman,
procedures for identity preservation of grains in place. OSU a recent PhD graduate of the Crop and Soil Science Department
Seed Certification developed and adopted a set of standards at OSU and Kathryn Kettel, Extension Assistant in the Depart-
several years ago. If you are interested in receiving a copy con- ment, are writing short bulletins on canola, safflower, lupines,
tact Barry Schrumpf with OSU Seed Certification. hard red wheat, sorghum, and other crops. Their approach is to
synthesize available information from other dryland producing
Notill Cereal Variety Trials areas and to add local data and experience where available. If
you have unpublished trial information on alternate crops that
The Oregon Wheat and Grains Commissions provided funding would be useful in such bulletins or would be interested in serv-
for direct seed cereal variety trials in the coming season. The ing as a reviewer, please contact Kathryn Kettel
trials are a cooperative effort among OSU and USDA-ARS (Kathryn.Kettel@orst.edu; 541-737-5856). Our goal is to have
drafts of at least four bulletins prepared by years end.
Crop and Soil Science .....................................Area Code (541)
Extension Group........................ (Crops Office) FAX 737-1589 (Soils Office) ........................................................FAX 737-5725
Neil Christensen, Cereal Grains Fertility ................... 737-5733 Kathryn Kettel, Cereals, Alternate Crops..................... 737-5856
Jed Colquhoun, Weed Management........................... 737-8868 Tracy Mitzel, Secretary, Soils Unit .............................. 737-5712
Ron Cook, Seed Certification..................................... 737-4513 Alvin Mosley, Potatoes ................................................ 737-5835
Adriel Garay, Seed Laboratory .................................. 737-4464 Barb Reed, Secretary, Crops Unit ................................ 737-5854
David Hannaway, Forages ......................................... 737-5863 Dan Sullivan, Soil/Water Quality................................. 737-5715
John Hart, Soil Fertility.............................................. 737-5714 Don Wysocki, CBARC ................................................ 278-4186
Herb Huddleston, Soil Survey.................................... 737-5713 Bill Young, Seed Production........................................ 737-5859
Russ Karow, Cereals, Alternate Crops ....................... 737-5857
OSU Cereals Extension Web Page............................................ http://www.css.orst.edu/cereals/
OSU Forage Information System .............................................. http://forages.orst.edu
OSU Potato Web Page .............................................................. http://www.css.orst.edu/potatoes/
OSU Seed Crops Extension Web Page ..................................... http://www.css.orst.edu/seed-ext/
Oregon State University Extension Service offers educational programs, activities, and materials – without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, national
origin, age, marital status, disability, and disabled veteran or Vietnam-era veteran status – as required by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education
Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Oregon State University Extension Service is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
News/Notes - 3
WEED MANAGEMENT 3) Chemical weed control. Perennial weed control with herbi-
Jed Colquhoun cides generally must be repeated for 2 to 3 years and com-
bined with other management tactics, such as mowing. Her-
Perennial weed management bicides are most effective on perennial weeds in the early
fall, when weeds are transporting energy to the roots before
The origin of new weeds was discussed in the previous Crop and winter dormancy. The key to perennial control is to get the
Soil News/Notes. However, the origin of weeds may be a bit herbicide into the underground root storage. Treatment just
trivial to those that are already suffering the consequences of before and during flower bud initiation is effective as the
their introduction. Once established, perennial weeds in particu- herbicide will be carried with photosynthetic products to the
lar are difficult to control. There are several general management roots. Herbicide control is least effective during times of
tactics, that when integrated together, may reduce perennial rapid foliar growth, such as in the early spring, when energy
weed populations: that was stored in roots for the winter is transported above-
ground to support new growth.
1) Prevention. The most basic and effective of all methods to Post-emergent herbicides should be applied either 1 or 2
control perennial weeds is prevention. As we reviewed ear- weeks before cultivation or mowing, or after weed regrowth
lier, there are several means of weed seed dispersal, most of is at least 8 inches tall. Herbicide activity relies on foliar ab-
which can be prevented. Clean crop seed, animal feed, and sorption and transport from the leaves to the root system.
hay are the most important measures in preventing seed dis- Young leaves take nutrients from the root in an upward,
persal. Other preventable means include clean field machin- aboveground direction, while more mature leaves transport
ery and harvest equipment when moving between fields, photosynthetic products to the root system for storage. The
proper long-term manure storage to reduce seed viability most effective herbicide activity will occur as the product is
after passing through animal’s digestive tracts, and mainte- transported to the roots with the products of photosynthesis.
nance of weed-free irrigation water.
Current herbicide recommendations for perennial weed con-
Crop rotation can also be an effective method to prevent the trol are included in the Pacific Northwest Weed Control
establishment of perennial weeds. The most effective crop Handbook. Be sure to read the updated label provided by the
rotations to prevent perennial establishment will not only chemical manufacturers for specific use on the intended site.
include crops that are not conducive to perennial weeds but While no herbicide may be used on a crop or site for which
that also have herbicide options available that control per- it is not labeled, the absence of a particular perennial weed
ennial seedlings. on the label does not prevent the use of the herbicide on that
2) Mechanical weed control. Cultivation, when combined with weed.
other management tactics, can be used to control seedlings 4) Biological control. Biological control is the action of para-
before energy-storing vegetative tissue has accumulated. sites, predators, or pathogens in maintaining the undesired
Mechanical control will no longer be effective after energy organism’s population at a lower average density than
has been stored in underground vegetative tissue. In fact, would normally occur. The goal is not to eradicate the pest,
cultivation of established perennials may spread weeds by but to reduce population densities to levels below that which
cutting and moving roots to new areas. causes economic damage.
Perennial weeds are more common in reduced-tillage fields Biological control, when working ideally, is self-perpetuat-
where there is little soil disturbance to disrupt the develop- ing and therefore economical after the initial release of the
ment of belowground storage roots. Once established in re- control agent. Once the organism is released it maintains a
duced-tillage fields, cultivation of perennial weeds will be population level appropriate to the amount of available food
ineffective and may increase the spread of vegetative roots. in the form of the undesired pest. With that said, biological
In pasture and forage crops, frequent mowing or cutting can control of perennial weeds has had limited success to date.
prevent weed seed production and reduce the amount of en- Successful survival of the control agent and the absolute
ergy that is put into belowground storage structures. Most demand for specificity in the species controlled have limited
importantly, maintenance of a vigorous crop stand through the widespread use of biological control of weeds. Potential
proper fertility and water management, seeding density, and biological control agents often cannot distinguish weedy
variety selection will allow the competitive ability of the species from their valuable relatives. Additionally, weeds
crop to suppress perennial weed growth. This simple must be controlled early in the growing season, prior to re-
“hands-off” approach requires little additional input or man- production or crop yield reduction. Biological control is a
agement, but may greatly reduce weed seed production and slow process and results are not guaranteed. Therefore,
root growth. biological control is most appropriately used as a compo-
nent of an integrated weed management system that relies
News/Notes - 4
on multiple tactics for perennial weed control. For example, Hay King Contest Schedule
the fungus Concholiobolus lunatus will kill barnyardgrass
seedlings with less than two leaves, but growth of larger November 20th—Due date for all hay samples (any samples
plants is only slowed and plants recover. However, when the turned in prior to this date will be appreciated)
fungus is combined with a sublethal dose of atrazine (a dose
that injures but does not kill the barnyardgrass) larger November 30th- Hay and Straw King Contest (Dairy Barn,
barnyardgrass plants can be controlled better than when Deschutes County Fairgrounds)
atrazine is used alone.
9 AM—Bale check-in and entry
5) Integrated Weed Management. As the previous example
9:30 AM – Contest Begins
demonstrates, management of perennial weeds is most suc-
cessful when multiple tactics are employed. Integrated tac- Hay King Contest Rules
tics should include multiple modes of action, such as the
combination of chemical, mechanical, and cultural control. 1. All contestants must enter a core hay sample of their entry
The use of multiple modes of action enhances control and by the November 20th deadline. The core sample shall be
may also prevent or delay resistance to a single control tac- given to the local chapter and shipped to the Klamath Falls
tic, such as herbicide resistance. Integrated weed manage- lab (see the following page for shipping addresses or local
ment, when combined with prevention and control of weeds collectors). The entry fee for each sample is $20 for mem-
outside of crop production areas, will provide the best long- bers, $25 for non-members. Checks can be made out to the
term management of perennial weeds. Oregon Hay and Forage Association and must be turned in
with hay samples. Additionally, one bale, of each class of
hay entered, must be in place by 9 am November 30th at the
Deschutes County fairgrounds.
David Hannaway 2. Core hay samples must be a representative sample of the
entire lot of hay. This means that:
Upcoming Conferences a. A core sample must be taken, rather than an entire
flake, or a portion of a flake.
1. November 5-10 – American Society of Agronomy Annual
Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. For details contact Executive b. The inside diameter of the coring device must be no
Vice President John J. Nicholaides III, American Society of less than 3/8 inches (if you don’t have a coring device,
Agronomy, 677 S. Segoe Road, Madison, WI 53711-1086 contact your Extension agent). Note the type of sam-
(phone: 608-273-8080; fax: 608-273-2021; pling device on your entry.
c. A minimum of 20 bales must be samples at random
Oregon 2000 Hay & Straw King Contest from each lot of hay (a lot is hay from the same cutting,
variety, field, stage of maturity, and harvested within a
Sponsored By the Oregon Hay and Forage Association in coop- 48 hour period). A lot should not exceed 200 tons of
eration with the Oregon State University Extension Service hay, or be less than 30 tons.
The 2000 Oregon Hay and Feed Fair and Hay and Straw King d. When sampling, probe the bale near the center, at least
Contest will be held on Thursday, December 30th at the Dairy 12 to 18 inches into the butt end of the bale. The probe
Barn at the Deschutes County Fairgrounds in Redmond, Oregon. should enter horizontally at a right angle to the surface
The day will begin at 9:30 am and run until 4 pm. The Hay, of the end of the bale. Be sure the probe doesn’t slant
Straw and Feed Fair is for people throughout the state who want up, down, or sideways.
to sell or buy hay, straw, or other feedstuffs. The Hay and Straw
King Contest will judge classes of alfalfa, grass, grass/legume, e. Combine core samples into a single sample by combin-
and grass straw. The judging will run throughout the day and ing them into a sealed freezer bag. Samples submitted
will be fun and very educational for the producers, as well as the with less than a quart bag full of sample will be re-
general public. jected. Do not ever try to subdivide the sample! Even if
you have too much, send the whole sample in.
News/Notes - 5
Entries can be sent directly to the lab or turned into a local sam- 2000 Field burning update
ple collector. Names are listed below.
The table on page 7 provides additional details on this summer’s
Lab field burning season in the Willamette Valley. Recall that the
Tom Janecke law currently allows 40,000 (regular) acres to be burned each
Basin Agri-Serve year. In addition, up to another 25,000 acres are allowed to be
22109 Stateline Road burned as identified species (determined by the Oregon Depart-
P.O. Box R ment of Agriculture) and those acres grown on steep terrain.
Merrill, OR 97633 Thus, the actual acreage limit on open field burning, as imposed
by the 1991 Oregon Legislature, is 65,000 acres.
Lake County: North Lake: Don Overton, 576-2708 This year, the Oregon Department of Agriculture received regis-
Lakeview: OSU/Lake Co. Extension Office, 947-6054 trations for 55,378 regular acres. These acres were allocated to
Harney County: John Volle, Harney Co. Hay and Forage, all Willamette Valley Fire Districts at 72 percent to achieve the
493-2756 level of 40,000 regular acres (not identified species or steep ter-
Central Oregon: Mylen Bohle, Crook Co. Extension, 447-6228 rain acres) allowed by law to be burned. In addition to the
Klamath Basin: Rod Todd, Klamath Co. Extension, 883-7131 40,000 regular acres allocated for open field burning this year,
19,750 acres of identified species (fine-leaf fescues and High-
Please include the following entry form (page 6) with your hay land bentgrass) have been registered and were allocated at 100
sample and registration fee. percent. Plus another 1,250 acres that qualified as steep terrain
was registered, which also were allocated at 100%.
Checks should be made payable to: Oregon Hay and Forage
Association Looking at the county-by-county tally of acreage categories
registered for open field burning in 2000, it’s probably no sur-
Entry Fees: Member-- $20 prise that North Valley growers registered 88 percent of the
Non – Member -- $25 identified species and 87 percent of the steep terrain acres. Also
note that South Valley growers received about 86 percent of the
Samples entered without entry fee and entry form will not be total allocated acres. Thus, the sum of identified species, steep
accepted! terrain, and regular (allocated) acres registered for open burning
was 60,755 – the maximum that could be burned this summer
***Please Notice: Since advertising began for this event we based on acreage registration.
have had a certified lab offer to do wet lab analysis on the forage
samples at a reduced rate, however the rate will still be $7 more The actual amount burned, based on preliminary figures
than we anticipated having to pay. Hence you will be getting a (through October 1, 2000) from the Oregon Department of Agri-
complete wet lab analysis at a reduced rate. If you are willing to culture, was considerably less. Again, looking at the table on
contribute the extra $7 to help OFHA cover this analysis it page 7 we see that only 31,238 regular acres were burned; this is
would be greatly appreciated!!!! just 78 percent for the 40,000 acres allowed under the current
law. In addition, 82 percent of the acres of identified species and
49 percent of the steep terrain acres were burned. Thus, the un-
official, preliminary tally of acres burned (identified species +
SEED PRODUCTION steep terrain + regular) in the Willamette Valley this summer is
Bill Young 47,935 acres. This is slightly less than the 49,210 acres burned in
Oregon Seed Growers League 2000 annual meeting
The 60th annual meeting of the OSGL will be held at the
DoubleTree Inn Jantzen Beach, Portland, on December 11-12,
2000. Numerous topics of interest to Oregon seed growers and
seed industry representatives will be addressed. Please look for
your pre-registration materials to arrive in the mail in early
News/Notes - 6
Hay and Straw King Contest
Please include this entry form with your hay sample and registration fee.
Checks should be made payable to: Oregon Hay and Forage Association
Entry Fees: Member-- $20
Non – Member -- $25
Samples entered without entry fee & entry form will not be accepted!
***Please Notice: Since advertising began for this event we have had a certified lab offer to do wet lab analysis
on the forage samples at a reduced rate, however the rate will still be $7 more than we anticipated having to pay.
Hence you will be getting a complete wet lab analysis at a reduced rate. If you are willing to contribute the extra
$7 to help OFHA cover this analysis it would be greatly appreciated!!!!
Phone #_______________________________ E-mail_____________________________________
Town, State, Zip____________________________________________________________________
Coring Device Used___________________________________________
Hay Species & Type Variety Cutting Cutting Bale Size Tons in
Alfalfa Alfalfa/Grass Grass Cereal Cereal/Pea Grass Seed Straw
Will you be bringing hay or straw to display and sell at the feed fair? yes______ no ______
If yes, please complete the following table.
Hay or Straw Type Cutting Tons
News/Notes - 7
Acres registered by county with the Oregon Department of Agri- 8:15 a.m. ARS Grass Seed Research Overview
culture for burning in crop year 2000 by registration class, and a Moderator: Ralph Cavalieri
preliminary reporting (through October 1, 2000) of acres actu-
ally burned. Integrated farming systems research for a sus-
_______________________________________________________________________________ tainable agriculture, Gary Banowetz
Identified Steep Regular Contrasting riparian zones: Differences in
species terrain (allocated) pollution control, Steve Griffith
County reg. burned reg. burned reg. burned Weeds: Indicators of and challenges to sustain-
_______________________________________________________________________________ able agriculture, George Mueller-Warrant
Clackamas 773 674 0 36 74 43 Discussion
Marion 16,424 13,331 449 210 4,272 1,529
10:00 a.m. Coffee Break, Poster Viewing
Polk 128 18 118 35 531 70
Washington 0 0 0 0 0 0 10:30 a.m. GSCSSA Tri-State Research Projects
Yamhill 0 0 250 125 605 551 Moderator: W. C. Young, III
North Valley Root productivity and seed production in grass
Total 117,325 14,023 817 406 5,482 2,193 seed crops, Tom Chastain
Enhancing nutritive value of residue for rumi-
Benton 0 0 0 0 2,832 2,023 nants, Carl Hunt
Lane 0 0 0 0 1,250 974 Inexpensive GIS-GPS-image analysis options
Linn 2,425 2,185 183 83 30,441 26,048 for on-farm research analysis, Tim Righetti
Soil quality dynamics in grass seed systems
South Valley under diverse rotations and nonthermal straw
Total 2,425 2,185 183 83 34,523 29,045 management, R. P. Dick
Syntenic genes useful in grass seed crops,
TOTAL 19,750 16,208 1,000 489 40,005 31,238 Scott Warnke
Noon Luncheon Speaker:
Tri-State Grass Seed Research Conference - GSCSSA A. Douglas Brede, Jacklin Seed
“Turfgrass Seed Industry—State of the Indus-
Recall that in last month’s newsletter we printed the pre-regis- try Overview”
tration form for the “Grass Seed Cropping Systems for a Sus-
tainable Agriculture’s” 7th annual meeting. Recall that this pro- 1:30 p.m. Environmental Issues
gram is scheduled for November 29-30, 2000 at the WestCoast Moderator: W. J. Johnston
Tri-Cities Hotel (formerly Cavanaughs at Columbia Center) in Water quality and pesticides, Allan Felsot,
Kennewick, WA. As previously indicated, local arrangements WSU Food and Environmental Quality
for the program are being coordinated by WSU’s Dr. Bill Laboratory
Johnston (WJohnston@WSU.edu) and Kathylu Szabo Residue management: Particle board—A suc-
(firstname.lastname@example.org). A copy of the program developed for this cess?, Terry Peters, General Manager, Seeds,
year’s meeting is shown below. Inc.
Strategy on agricultural field burning, Scott
7th Annual GSCSSA Review Downey, EPA Region 10 Office of Air Quality
WestCoast TriCities Hotel Discussion
3:15 p.m. Coffee Break and Poster Viewing
Wednesday, November 29, 2000 3:30 p.m. “Research results farmers need to see; What’s
in this for me?,” Dennis Glaser, Chair,
7:00-9:00 p.m. Registration, Reception, and Poster Viewing CSCSSA Industry Advisory Committee (panel
Thursday, November 30, 2000 4:00 p.m. Discussion of Presentations
Moderators: Ralph Cavalieri and
7:30 a.m. Registration Preston Jones
8:00 a.m. Opening Remarks: Preston Jones,
USDA/CSREES/Plant and Animal Systems 4:30 p.m. Adjourn
News/Notes - 8
Endophyte toxin testing The conference, entitled "Alternatives in Agriculture: 101 Ways
to Improve Farm Income" is set for Tuesday, Nov. 28 from 9
As written in our July issue, nearly 500,000 (“½ a million”) tons a.m. until 4 p.m. at the former elementary school building in
of grass straw was export last year from Oregon’s grass seed Rufus, Oregon - located along the I-84 corridor. It is sponsored
fields. More good news was reported earlier this month by Dr. by the newly-formed Lower John Day Agriculture and Natural
A.M. Craig with OSU’s College of Veterinary medicine. Dr. Resources Action Council.
Craig’s laboratory, which has been providing an endophyte toxin
testing service, has analyzed an average of 1,130 straw samples The full day event will serve as a comprehensive forum to pre-
of tall fescue and perennial ryegrass for each of the past three sent success stories in alternative and value-added agriculture as
years. Samples from every two hundred ton lots of straw that are well as to create a first-time database that will link producers
shipped overseas are tested by this laboratory; this is approxi- with resources. Additionally, conference attendees will complete
mately 230,000 tons of straw per year and accounts for about a survey to help the Council plan how it can best serve rural ag-
half of the straw shipped overseas. riculture needs.
Of all the samples submitted to the testing service by the straw Invited keynote speakers are Gov. John Kitzhaber and US Rep.
producers and exporters during this past 1998-99 growing sea- Greg Walden of Oregon, and a featured speaker is Cappy
son, there were 0 of the tall fescue samples above 500 ppb er- Tosetti, marketing columnist for Capital Press newspaper.
govaline and 19 of the perennial ryegrass above 2,000 ppb lo-
litrem B which are considered threshold levels. On the basis of Concurrent panel sessions include value-added lamb, wool and
these values, it appears that the straw producers have disciplined natural beef; exploring tree fruit and grape production options,
themselves not to ship high endophyte straw material overseas. small-scale nursery production, carbon sequestration and variety
segregation options for grain production, new value-added small
grain markets, upland game bird production, fee hunting for ad-
ditional income, alternative wood products, and agri-tourism.
SEED CERTIFICATION Presenters include the Fruit and Produce league, Oregon Exten-
Ron Cook sion, Mid-Columbia Producers, Oregon Wheat Commission,
Wheat Marketing Center, Painted Hills Natural Beef and suc-
Oregon Certified Seed Growers List cessful producers from across rural Oregon.
The Oregon Seed Certification Service has prepared special re- Full conference sessions include Bank Financing and Public Fi-
port 00-003 on the Oregon Certified Seed Growers List for Pub- nancing Options for New Agribusiness, Development of Spe-
lic Varieties passing field inspection for Oregon Certification in cialty Products, Marketing Support, Food Safety and Commod-
2000. This listing is public information and can be requested by ity Inspection, Market Development, Eco-Labeling and Organic
contacting the Oregon Seed Certification Service. Production. Presenters for these sessions include Capital Press,
Food Alliance, Oregon Tilth, Oregon Dept. of Agriculture, Co-
Oregon Certification is not complete until all record checks, lumbia River Bank, Bank of Eastern Oregon, regional Economic
field evaluations, and seed testing meets all standards and certi- Development Districts, and the Oregon Dept. of Economic and
fication tags are attached to individual bags of seed or certifica- Community Development.
tion bulk shipping certificates are used with bulk or bag cereal
grain. In addition, a full Trade Show will also be held as part of the
conference. Anyone involved in agriculture is invited to partici-
pate with a booth to promote services or products. Tables and
electricity will be provided. There is no charge to participate in
the trade show.
FOR YOUR INFORMATION
"It’s a full day, and there will be significant information ex-
Alternative and Value-Added Agriculture Conference changed and presented," said Ken Bailey of Orchard View
Planned Farms, The Dalles, who chairs the Ag Council. "This is our first
(Contact: Lyn Craig, 541-763-2355 email@example.com step to reach out to producers who are struggling and to deter-
mine how we can best pull our resources together to help them
in the future. We’re hoping for a good turn-out of producers
An initiative to help farmers and ranchers in rural north central
from both Oregon and Washington."
Oregon and adjacent areas has just been launched, and its first
step is to sponsor a full scale conference to bring alternative and
value-added agricultural producers and resources together.
News/Notes - 9
Created by the Lower John Day Regional Investment Board - the exposure to Conference participants. Enclosed at the end of this
Council represents the ag industry of Wasco, Sherman, Gilliam e-mail is a Registration Form for the Poster Exhibition. It can be
and Wheeler Counties and the Confederated Tribes at Warm forwarded to the NW Direct Seed Conference Office by e-mail,
Springs. or printed and faxed or mailed. There is no charge for partici-
pating in the Poster Exhibition. We hope you will consider being
The fee to attend the conference is $15 per person or $25 for a part of this exciting event.
two, until Nov. 20, and then $20 for one and $30 for two after
the registration deadline or at the door. The registration fee in- More about the conference........
cludes a full lunch BBQ, provided by Bob’s Texas T-Bone and
featuring Painted Hills Natural Beef. This fourth annual Conference is being organized as a service to
Northwest growers by the Pacific Northwest STEEP program
To register for the conference, please send your check to Lower and the newly-formed PNW Direct Seed Association. The
John Day Ag Council, c/o Wheeler County, PO Box 327, Fossil STEEP (Solutions to Environmental and Economic Problems)
OR 97830. Receipts will be provided. Registration will also take program is a cooperative research and educational project on
place from 8 a.m. until 9 a.m. at the conference site at 304 W. conservation tillage systems through the University of Idaho,
Second St. in Rufus on Nov. 28. Oregon State University, Washington State University, and
USDA_Agricultural Research Service. The Conference will be
To register for the trade show, please contact Merlin Berg at co-sponsored by a number of Ag industries, and developed in
541-296-2391 Ext. 117 or firstname.lastname@example.org cooperation with over 10 PNW grower organizations and Ag
<mailto:email@example.com>. support groups and agencies.
For further information contact Ken Bailey, Chair, at 541-298- Conference Program Highlights -- The Conference program will
4496 or firstname.lastname@example.org <mailto:ken@ feature 27 speakers including 13 growers from Idaho, Oregon,
orchardviewfarm.com>, or Judge Mike McArthur, Regional In- Washington, Montana, North Dakota, Chile, Germany, and New
vestment Board Chair, at 541-565-3416. To receive a full con- South Wales, Australia, as well as researchers and Ag industry
ference agenda, contact Brian Tuck, Wasco Extension, at 541- representatives from the Pacific Northwest, Canada and Colo-
296-5494 or Brian.Tuck@orst.edu <mailto:Brian.Tuck rado. A detailed program is now available from the Conference
@orst.edu>, or Lyn Craig, Wheeler Co. Economic Development office or Web site (http://pnwsteep.wsu.edu/directseed).
at 541-763-2355 or email@example.com <mailto:fossilinn@
transport.com>. The Conference program is arranged in in-depth focus sessions:
-- Northern Great Plains and International Experiences
-- Improving Soil Quality and Productivity
Conference Announcement and Poster Exhibition Invitation -- Crops, Rotations and Management Strategies
Roger Veseth, University of Idaho -- Pest Management Strategies
-- 9 NW Grower Experiences with the Transition to Direct Seed
An invitation to NW research / extension faculty at WSU, OSU, Systems
U of I and USDA-ARS.
In addition to the Conference and Spokane Ag Expo, other asso-
The 2001 Northwest Direct Seed Cropping Systems Conference ciated early attractions worth attending include the Pacific
will be in Spokane, WA on January 17-19, 2001 in the Spokane Northwest Farm Forum and seminar series at the Doubletree
Doubletree Hotel-City Center. It will be held in conjunction with Hotel and Spokane Convention Center on January 16 and 17,
the Spokane Ag Expo -- the largest Inland Northwest Ag Show - and PNW Oilseeds Association Conference at the Doubletree
- with direct seed systems equipment, products and services as a Hotel on January 16.
special feature. The Ag Expo will be January 16-18 in the ad-
joining Washington State Ag Trade Center and Spokane Con- About the Poster Exhibition.......
vention Center, and Spokane Arena.
The Direct Seed Research and Educational Poster Exhibition
You are invited to attend this Conference which is expected to will provide researchers, growers, Ag industry and other Ag
attract over 1000 NW growers and Ag support personnel. You support personnel with more opportunities to share new innova-
are also invited to participate in a Poster Exhibition of research tions and discuss technology needs. Research and educational
and educational programs related to direct seeding / conservation posters and displays provide an excellent opportunity to inform
tillage and more intensive cropping systems. The Exhibition will producers, representatives of Ag support industries and agencies
be located in the foyer outside the Doubletree Ballroom where and other scientists about your research and educational projects.
the Conference will be held, so the posters will have excellent We encourage you to be a part of this unique educational event.
News/Notes - 10
Many of you probably have at least one poster you recently de- after half-day Conference sessions, as well evening sessions in
veloped (or are developing) for local, regional or national meet- the Ballroom. We ask that a poster author be present at the post-
ings of professional societies, commodity or Ag support group ers at least during the Jan. 18 morning and afternoon breaks, if
meeting, etc. This Poster Exhibition is an excellent opportunity possible, for designated discussion time with poster authors.
to present them to a large PNW audience. If you do not currently
have a poster, there is still time to put one together for the Con- Foam core 4' X 8' boards and board stands will be provided for
ference, and have it available during the coming year for field mounting posters. You need to bring push pins for mounting
days and other meeting opportunities as well. your poster (no tape or velcro please). Tables for information
can be available if requested. Free standing or table-top displays
The Poster Exhibition will begin at 12:00 noon January 17 (in can also be used instead of the display boards. Poster exhibit set-
the foyer registration area) before the Conference begins at 1:00 up time is between 10:00 and 12:00 a.m. January 17. All Posters
p.m. There will be excellent opportunities for viewing by par- need to be removed by 2:00 p.m. January 19. Posters can include
ticipants at each morning and afternoon break, and before and metric units, although English units are preferred.
News/Notes - 11
*********** POSTER EXHIBITION REGISTRATION FORM **********
2001 Northwest Direct Seed Cropping Systems Conference
To register for this Poster Exhibition, you can forward the completed form below via e-mail to (NW Direct Seed
Conference <firstname.lastname@example.org>) or you can print the completed form and mail or FAX to: NW Direct Seed
Conference; P.O. Box 2002, Pasco, WA 99302; FAX: 509-547-5563; Phone: 509-547-5538.
POSTER TITLE: ___________________________________________________________________________
POSTER EXHIBIT NEEDS (check desired items)
___ 4' X 8' foam core exhibit board only
___ Table for displaying information in front of your poster
___ Table without exhibit board (for tabletop exhibits) .... (3 X 6 foot table)
___ Space for free standing floor exhibit
___ Electrical outlet