3A.G - Jumping Frog by qye36108


									                                                 JUMPING FROG

Performance Standard 3A.G

Using the writing process, each student will write a multi-paragraph paper on the following topic:
Identify and discuss two tricks, other than the buck shot, that are played on characters in the story, “The Celebrated
Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” accordingly:
• Focusing the paper: set purpose of paper through thematic introduction, specific preview, or inductively;
    maintain position/logic throughout; use a closing.
• Supporting main points: support points with details; develop depth; enhance specificity through word choice.
• Organizing the paper: use structure; paragraph points appropriately; use devices to attain coherence and
    cohesion (e.g., transitions, pronouns, parallel structure); produce cohesion through varied sentence structure.
• Using conventions: demonstrate mastery of sentence construction, subject/verb agreement, punctuation and
    capitalization, use few invented spellings of uncommon words; evidence few major error in proportion to
    amount written.
• Integrating text: develop text for grade level; integrate ideas with in-depth, balanced support; identify and
    develop lines of reasoning throughout the paper.


1.   In order to use correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and structure (3A), students should
     experience sufficient learning opportunities to develop the following:
     • Develop compositions that include a variety of sentence structures (i.e., simple, compound, complex,
         compound/complex) and sentence types (i.e., interrogative, exclamatory, imperative, declarative).
     • Use transitional words and phrases within and between paragraphs.
     • Proofread for correct spelling and punctuation.
     • Demonstrate appropriate use of the eight parts of speech.
2.   Have students review and discuss the assessment task and how the rubric will be used to evaluate their work.
3.   The students will read and discuss the selection, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” by Mark
4.   Brainstorm to determine the tricks that are played on the characters in the story. Record the findings.
5.   The student will be given the prompt: Tricks are played on Leonidas Smiley in the story, “The Celebrated
     Jumping Frog of Calaveras County”. Identify two other tricks that are played on characters in the story. Write
     an essay discussing these tricks. Include such things as the following:
     a. Description of each trick
     b. Which characters were affected by the tricks?
     c. Why is each humorous?
     d. Could each trick be used today? Why or why not?
     e. How would you have changed each trick?
     f. Was each trick intended to be mean? Hurtful?
     g. Was each trick done “by” the most appropriate character or “to” the most appropriate character? What
         changes would you have made?
5.   The student will write a multi-paragraphed paper.
6.   The student will proofread/edit his/her draft.
7.   Evaluate each student’s performance using the State writing rubric for grade 8. Add each student’s scores to
     determine the performance level.

NOTE: Integration score will be doubled.

Examples of Student Work follow                                 Resources
                                                                • Reading selection
                                                                • Writing material
                                                                • Copy of prompt
Time Requirement                                                • State Writing Rubric for Grade 8
One class period

                                                        JUMPING FROG

NAME _____________________________________________________                    DATE ____________________________________

    Exceeds              28 - 32 total points
    Meets                21 - 27 total points
    Approaches           15 - 20 total points
    Begins               6 - 14 total points

NOTE: Use the state’s writing rubric in appendix A for this assessment.
   Focus              Support             Organization            Conventions                         Integration






                                                MAJOR AND MINOR ERRORS

 SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION                                       USAGE                        PARAGRAPH FORMAT
                Major Errors                              Minor Errors                              Major Errors
•       Incorrect subject/verb agreement        • Commas in a series, for opening         • Using titles to delineate
•       Run-on                                    or clauses                                paragraphs
•       Fragment                                • Awkward or odd use of words/            • Numbering paragraphs
•       Omitted words that interfere              phrases, but meaning still clear
                                                                                                    Minor Errors
•       Incorrect usage                         • Homonyms (its/it’s, there/their/
                                                                                          • Inconsistent separation of
•       Incorrect use of common words             they’re, to/two/too)
•       Incorrect pronoun reference
•       Confusing tense shifts                             SPELLING
           Minor Errors                                  Major Errors                            CAPITALIZATION
• Incorrect use of connectors                   • Misspelled common words
                                                                                                    Major Errors
  between clauses                                 (same misspelled word
                                                                                          • Omission of initial caps
• Omitted words that do not                       considered once)
  interfere                                                                               • Common proper nouns
                                                           Minor Errors                   • Missing/incorrect end
                                                • Inventive spellings for unusual or        punctuation
                                                  less frequently used words              • Missing or misplaced
                                                                                                    Minor Errors
                                                                                          • Periods for abbreviations

                                                                                                         ASSESSMENT 3A.G
                                 Student Writing Prompt
                                    Assessment 3A.G

Tricks are played on Leonidas Smiley in the story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of
Calaveras County”. Identify two other tricks that are played on characters in the story.
Write an essay discussing these tricks. Include such things as the following:
   • Description of each trick
   • Which characters were affected by the tricks?
   • Why is each humorous?
   • Could each trick be used today? Why or why not?
   • How would you have changed each trick?
   • Was each trick intended to be mean? Hurtful?
   • Was each trick done “by” the most appropriate character or “to” the most appropriate
       character? What changes would you have made?

                    The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calavaras County
                                    By Mark Twain

In compliance with the request of a friend    slightest suspicion of enthusiasm; but all
of mine, who wrote me from the East, I        through the interminable narrative there
called on good-natured, garrulous old         ran a vein of impressive earnestness and
Simon Wheeler, and inquired after my          sincerity, which showed me plainly that,
friend's friend, Leonidas W. Smiley, as       so far from his imagining that there was
requested to do, and I hereunto append        anything ridiculous or funny about his
the result. I have a lurking suspicion that   story, he regarded it as a really important
Leonidas W. Smiley is a myth; that my         matter, and admired its two heroes as
friend never knew such a personage; and       men of transcendent genius in finesse. I
that he only conjectured that if I asked      let him go on in his own way, and never
old Wheeler about him, it would remind        interrupted him once.
him of his infamous Jim Smiley, and he        Rev. Leonidas W. H'm, Reverend Le --
would go to work and bore me to death         well, there was a feller here once by the
with some exasperating reminiscence of        name of Jim Smiley, in the winter of '49 --
him as long and as tedious as it should be    or maybe it was the spring of '50 -- I don't
useless to me. If that was the design, it     recollect exactly, somehow, though what
succeeded.                                    makes me think it was one or the other is
I found Simon Wheeler dozing                  because I remember the big flume warn't
comfortably by the bar-room stove of the      finished when he first came to the camp;
dilapidated tavern in the decayed mining      but anyway, he was the curiousest man
camp of Angel's, and I noticed that he        about always betting on anything that
was fat and bald-headed, and had an           turned up you ever see, if he could get
expression of winning gentleness and          anybody to bet on the other side; and if he
simplicity upon his tranquil countenance.     couldn't he'd change sides. Any way that
He roused up, and gave me good day. I         suited the other man would suit him --
told him that a friend of mine had            any way just so's he got a bet, he was
commissioned me to make some inquiries        satisfied. But still he was lucky,
about a cherished companion of his            uncommon lucky; he most always come
boyhood named Leonidas W. Smiley --           out winner. He was always ready and
Rev. Leonidas W. Smiley, a young              laying for a chance; there couldn't be no
minister of the Gospel, who he had heard      solit'ry thing mentioned but that feller'd
was at one time a resident of Angel's         offer to bet on it, and take any side you
Camp. I added that if Mr. Wheeler could       please, as I was just telling you. If there
tell me anything about this Rev. Leonidas     was a horse-race, you'd find him flush or
W. Smiley, I would feel under many            you'd find him busted at the end of it; if
obligations to him.                           there was a dog-fight, he'd bet on it; if
Simon Wheeler backed me into a corner         there was a cat-fight, he'd bet on it; if
and blockaded me there with his chair,        there was a chicken-fight, he'd bet on it;
and then sat down and reeled of the           why, if there was two birds setting on a
monotonous narrative which follows this       fence, he would bet you which one would
paragraph. He never smiled, he never          fly first; or if there was a camp-meeting,
frowned, he never changed his voice from      he would be there reg'lar to bet on Parson
the gentle-flowing key to which he tuned      Walker, which he judged to be the best
his initial sentence, he never betrayed the   exhorter about here, and so he was too,

                                                                          ASSESSMENT 3A.G
and a good man. If he even see a straddle-    ornery and lay for a chance to steal
bug start to go anywheres, he would bet       something. But as soon as money was up
you how long it would take him to get to --   on him he was a different dog; his under-
to wherever he was going to, and if you       jaw'd begin to stick out like the fo'castle
took him up, he would foller that             of a steamboat, and his teeth would
straddle-bug to Mexico but what he            unconver and shine like the furnaces. And
would find outwhere he was bound for          a dog might tackle him and bully-rag
how long e was on the road. Lots of the       him, and bite him, and throw him over
boys here has seen that Smiley, and can       his shoulder two or threetimes, and
tell you about him. Why, it never made no     Andrew Jackson -- which was the name of
difference to him -- he'd bet on any thing    the pup -- Andrew Jackson would never
-- the dangdest feller. Parson Walker's       let on but what he was satisfied, and
wife laid very sick once, for a good while,   hadn't expected nothing else -- and the
and it seemed as if they warn't going to      bets being doubled and doubled on the
save her; but one morning he came in,         other side all the time, till the money was
and Smiley up and asked him how she           all up; and then all of a sudden he would
was, and he said she was considerable         grab that other dog jest by the j'int of his
better -- thank the Lord for his inf'nite     hind leg and freeze to it -- not chaw, you
mercy -- and coming on so smart that          understand, but only just grip and hang
with the blessing of Prov'dence she'd get     on till they throwed up the sponge, if it
well yet; and Smiley before he though,        was a year. Smiley always come out
says, 'Well, I'll resk two-and-a-half she     winner on that pup, till he harnessed a
don't anyway.'                                dog once that din't have no hind legs,
Thish-yer Smiley had a mare -- the boys       because they'd been sawed off in a
called her the fifteen-minute nag, but that   circular saw, and when the thing had
was only in fun, you know, because of         gone along far enough, and the money
course she was faster than that -- and he     was all up, and he come to make a snatch
used to win money on that horse, for all      for his pet holt, he see in a minute how
she was so slow and always had the            he'd been imposed on, and how the other
asthma, or the distemper, or the              dog had him in the door, so to speak, and
consumption, or something of that kind.       he'peared surprised, and then he looked
They used to give her two or three            sorter discouraged-like, and didn't try no
hundred yards' fag end of the race she'd      more to win the fight, and so he got
get excited and desperate like, and come      shucked out bad. He give Smiley a look,
cavorting and straddling up, and              as much as to say his heart was broke,
scattering her legs around limber,            and it was his fault, for putting up a dog
sometimes in the air, and sometimes out       that hadn't no hind legs for him to take
on one side among thefences, and kicking      holt of, which was his main dependence in
up m-o-r-e dust and raising m-o-r-e           a fight, and then he limped off a piece and
racket with her coughing and sneezing         laid down and died. It was a good pup,
and blowing her nose -- and always fetch      was that Andrew Jackson, and would
up at the stand just about a neck ahead,      have made a name for hisself if he'd lived,
as near as you could cipher it down.          for the stuff was in him and he had genius
"And he had a little small bull-pup, that     -- I could make such a fight as he could
to look at him you'd think he warn't          under them circumstances if he hadn't no
worth a cent but to set around and look       talent. It always makes me feel sorry

when I think of the last fight of his'n, and   as well as he might be, for fellers that had
the way it turned out.                         traveled and been everywheres all said he
"Well, thish-yer Smiley had rat-tarriers,      laid over any frog that ever they see. laid
and chicken-cocks, and tomcats and all         over any frog that ever they see.
them kind of things, till you couldn't rest,   "Well, Smiley kep' the beast in a little
and you couldn't fetch nothing for him to      lattice box, and he used to fetch him
bet on but he'd match you. He ketched a        down-town sometimes and lay for a bet.
frog one day, and took him home, and           One day a feller -- a stranger in the camp,
said he calc'lated to educate him; and so      he was -- came acrost him with his box,
he never done nothing for three months         and says:
but set in his back yard and learn that        "'What might it be that you've got in the
frog to jump. And you bet you he did           box?'
learn him, too. He'd give him a little         "And Smiley says, sorter indifferent-like,
punch behind, and the next minute you'd        'It might be a parrot, or it might be a
see that frog whirling in the air like a       canary, maybe, but it ain't -- it's only just
doughnut -- see him turn one summerset,        a frog.'
or maybe a couple, if he got a good start,     "And the feller took it, and looked at it
and come down flat-footed and all right,       careful, and turned it round this way and
like a cat. He got him up so in the matter     that, and says, 'H'm -- so 'tis. Well, what's
of ketching flies, and kep' him in practice    he good for?'
so constant, that he'd nail a fly every time   "'Well,' Smiley says, easy and careless,
as fur as he could see him. Smiley said all    'he's good enough for one thing, I should
a frog wanted was education, and he            judge -- he can outjump any frog in
could do 'most anything -- and I believe       Calaveras County.'
him. Why, I've seen him set Dan'l              "The feller took the box again, and took
Webster down here on this floor -- Dan'l       another long, particular look, and give it
Webster was the name of the frog -- and        back to Smiley, and says, very deliverate,
sing out, 'Flies, Dan'l, flies!' and           'Well,' he says, 'I don't see no p'ints about
quicker'n you could wink he'd spring           that frog that's better'n any other frog.'
straight up and snake a fly off'n the          "'Maybe you don't,' Smiley says. 'Maybe
counter there, and flop down on the floor      you understand frogs and maybe you
ag'in as solid as a gob of mud, and fall to    don't understand 'em; maybe you've had
scratching the side of his head with his       experience, and maybe you ain't only a
hind foot as indifferent as if he hadn't no    amature, as it were. Anyways, I've got my
idea he'd been doin' any more'n any frog       opinion, and I'll resk forty dollars that he
might do. You never see a frog so modest       can outjump any frog in Calaveras
and straight-for'ard as he was, for all he     County.'
was so gifted. And when it come to fair        "And the feller studied a minute, and
and square jumping on a dead level, he         then says, kider sad- like, 'Well, I'm only
could get over more ground at one              a stranger here, and I ain't got no frog;
straddle that any animal of his breed you      but if I had a frog, I'd bet you.'
ever see. Jumping on a dead level was his      "And then Smiley says, 'That's all right --
strong suit, you understand; and when it       that's all right -- if you'll hold my box a
came to that, Smiley would ante up             minute, I'll go and get you a frog.' And so
money on him as long as he had a red.          the feller took the box, and put up his
Smiley was monstrous proud of his frog,

                                                                            ASSESSMENT 3A.G
forty dollars along with Smiley's, and set    was, and he was the maddest man -- he set
down to wait.                                 the frog down and took out after the
"So he set there a good while thinking        feller, but he never ketched him. And -- "
and thinking to himself, and then he got      "(Here Simon Wheeler heard his name
the frog out and prized his mouth open        called from the front yard, and got up to
and took a teaspoon and filled him full of    see what was wanted.) And turning to me
quail-shot -- filled him pretty near up to    as he moved away, he said; "Just set
his chin -- and set him on the floor.         where you are, stranger, and rest easy -- I
Smiley he went to the swamp and slopped       aint going to be gone a second."
around in the mud for a long time, and        But, by your leave, I did not think that a
finally he ketched a frog, and fetched him    continuation of the history of the
in, and give him to this feller, and says:    enterprising vagabond Jim Smiley would
"'Now, if you're ready, set him alongside     be likely to afford me much information
of Dan'l, with his fore paws just even with   concerning the Rev. Leonidas W. Smiley,
Dan'l's and I'll give the word.' Then he      and so I started away.
says, 'One -- two -- three -- git!' and him   At the door I met the sociable Wheeler,
and the feller touched up the frogs from      returning, and he buttonholed me and
behind, and the new frog hopped off           recommenced:
lively, but Dan'l give a heave, and hysted    "Well, thish-yer Smiley had a yaller one-
up his shoulders -- so -- like a Frenchman,   eyed cow that didn't have no tail, only
but it warn't no use -- he couldn't budge;    just a short stump like a bannanner, and -
he was planted solid as a church, and he      -"
couldn't no more stir than if he was          However, lacking both time and
anchored out. Smiley was a good deal          inclination, I did not wait to hear about
surprized, and he was disgusted too, but      the afflicted cow, but took my leave.
he didn't have no idea what the matter
was, of course.
"The feller took the money and started
away; and when he was going out at the
door, he sorter jerked his thumb over his
shoulder -- so -- at Dan'l, and says again,
very deliberate, 'Well,' he says, 'I don't
see no p'ints about that frog that's any
better'n any other frog.'
"Smiley he stood scratching his head and
looking down at Dan'l a long time, and at
last he says, 'I do wonder what in the
nation that frog throwed off for -- I
wonder what if there ain't something the
matter with him -- he 'pears to look
mighty baggy, somehow.' And he ketched
Dan'l by the nap of the neck, and hefted
him, and says, 'Why blame my cats if he
don't weigh five pound!' and turned him
upside down and he belched out a couble
handful of shot. And then he see how it

"Meets" (page 1)
"Meets" (page 2)
"Meets" (page 3)
"Meets" (page 4)
"Meets" (page 5)
"Exceeds" (page 1)
"Exceeds" (page 2)
"Exceeds" (page 3)
"Exceeds" (page 4)
"Exceeds" (page 5)
"Exceeds" (page 6)

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