httpwww.isbe.netnews2004Illinois_education_timeline.pdf by qye36108


									                                     Illinois Education Timeline

                                                1818 - 1849
1818   Illinois becomes the 21st state, with a population under 50,000.

1819   The state’s first academies – forerunners of high schools – are established in Edwardsville,
       Belleville and Carlyle.

1825   The Illinois Legislature passes the Free School Law which calls for common schools in each
       county. Counties can create school districts and levy taxes to support schools. The law allocates
       2% of all state income for the support of education.

1829   The Office of School Commissioner is established with each county. These officials are
       responsible for the sale of public school land.

1838   A bill to elect a chief school officer is killed in legislature.

1839   The Illinois School for the Deaf opens in Jacksonville.

1845   The Illinois Secretary of State is charged with the administration of schools and is designated as
       the “State Supt. of Public Instruction.”

1849   The Illinois School for the Blind opens in Jacksonville.

                                                1850 - 1859
1851   The state’s first free public high school is established in Jacksonville as an extension of
       Jacksonville Elementary School.

1854   The Superintendent of Public Instruction becomes a separate office and is no longer a
       responsibility of the Secretary of State. Ninian Edwards is appointed by Gov. Matteson to become
       the first, full-time superintendent.

       The Office of the Supt. of Public Instruction is established.

1855   Legislation is approved to provide a free public school system.

1856   Springfield establishes a public school system. Within a short time, a separate school is created
       for black students.

1857   William Powell becomes Illinois’ first elected state superintendent of education.

                                                1860 - 1869
1865   The School Law of 1865 makes the position of state superintendent a four-year term.

       A school for the mentally handicapped is established in Jacksonville.

       County School Commissioners become County Superintendents of Schools.

                                                1870 - 1879
1870   A new state constitution states “The General Assembly shall provide a thorough and efficient
       system of free schools, whereby all the children of this state may receive a good common school

       The new constitution provides for the creation of local school boards and designates the state
       superintendent a constitutional officer.

1872   The General Township High School Law enables voters to create and support a township high

1874   An attempt to require compulsory school attendance fails in the legislature.

       A new law forbids segregation in public schools.

1876   In Illinois there are:
                 - 973,589 school-aged children between the ages of 6 and 21 (70% attend public schools)
                 - 1,563 school districts with 11,083 grade schools, 110 high schools and 20,000 teachers

       The average school year is just under seven months long.

                                              1880 - 1889
1882   By this time, most land assets set aside for school use (Section 16 land) had been sold.

       There are 164 high schools in Illinois.

1883   The Compulsory School Attendance Law passes. It requires all children between 8 and 14 to
       attend public or private school at least 12 weeks during a year. (This law is not strictly enforced
       until after World War II.)

1889   The compulsory age for school attendance is lowered to 7. The minimum school year is
       extended to 16 weeks.

                                              1890 - 1899
1890   The average school year was 7.5 months long. For most students, instruction included reading,
       arithmetic, science and music.

       Female teachers earned an average of $44 per month. Male teachers made about $10 more.

1891   The right of suffrage in school elections is granted to women.

                                              1900 - 1909
1900   National statistics for education:
                - average cost per pupil - $17
                - illiteracy rate - 10.7%
                - average public school salary - $325

1905   Illinois legislation provides that any school district can establish a high school.

       County superintendents begin to receive salaries.

1907   The State Education Commission is created.
       Francis G. Blair begins to serve as the State Superintendent. He holds the position for 28 years –
       longer than anyone in Illinois history.

1909   The state appropriation to the Common School Fund for the 09/11 biennium is $2.1million.

                                               1910 - 1919
1911   A state act provides for the election of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, County
       Superintendent and boards of education.

1912   In Illinois, 69,512 students attend high school.

1915   The Illinois State Teacher’s Pension Fund passes, which helps attract citizens to the profession.

1917   A special tax authorizes the payment of tuition for grade 8 graduates in non high school districts
       to attend nearby high school districts.

1919   A school consolidation law goes into effect. Within two years there 60 consolidations across the

                                               1920 - 1929
1920   In Illinois there are:
                 - 1.2 million students
                 - 38,000 teachers

       The state appropriates $6 million for K-12 public education.

       Illinois ranks 23rd with 27.5% of state and local funds supporting education.

       Illinois ranks 38th in the amount of per student state tax support - $1.47.

1925   Forty three Illinois districts have junior high schools.

1926   In Stark County, the per pupil expenditure is $4,374. In Williamson County, the amount is $728.

1927   The Illinois legislature allows for greater state aid to poorer districts. Each district receives $9
       per students. Additional funds - as much as $25 per student – are directed to districts with low

                                               1930 - 1939
1931   The state of Illinois begins providing funds on a per student basis to assure equity between rich
       and poor districts.

1934   The Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction has as staff of 34.

1936   The Illinois Curriculum Conference meets for the first time.

1938   The General Assembly passes a bill which appropriate $500,000 for the bussing of students.
       This action promotes school consolidation.

       For the first time, Illinois high schools receive direct state aid.
                                               1940 - 1949
1942   With over 12,000 districts, Illinois has more public school districts than any other state. Over
       10,000 one-room schools have an average enrollment of 12 students. The population of rural
       students in Illinois is one-third of the number in 1900.

1945   Illinois citizens vote to reduce the number of school districts from 12,000 to 2,000.

1946   The U.S. School Lunch Act begins to support school lunch programs.

1947   The Common Unit Law goes into effect and accelerates school consolidations.

                                               1950 - 1959
1950   There are 4,480 school districts in Illinois.

1955   The number of school districts is reduced to 2,242.

1958   Responding in part to scientific advances in the Soviet Union, the National Defense Education
       Act (NDEA) serves to improve math, science and foreign language instruction.

                                               1960 - 1969
1963   The population of Illinois is over 10 million and there are 1,430 school districts in the state.

1966   The number of school districts is reduced to 1,340.

       Congress passes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) which is designed to
       assure equality in education throughout the country.

1967   Illinois creates a state mandate for bilingual education. It provides resources for schools with
       more than 20 students for whom English is not their first language.

                                               1970 - 1979
1970   Article X of the new state constitution creates the State Board of Education. A 17 member board
       replaces the elected Superintendent of Public Instruction.

1971   Michael Bakalis became the last person elected as Superintendent of Public Instruction.

1975   The Illinois State Board of Education assumes power and appoints Joseph Cronin as State
       Superintendent of Education.

                                               1980 - 1989
1983   Illinois acknowledges the 100th anniversary of compulsory education.

1984   “Statements of Student Learning Outcomes” are developed – which lead to the Illinois Learning

1985   The General Assembly passes the Education Reform Act which leads to numerous educational

       Illinois adopts 34 “State Goals for Learning.
1986         The first Illinois School Report Cards were distributed to parents and citizens.

1988         The Illinois Goal Assessment Program (IGAP) began to assessment student achievement.

                                                   1990 - 1999
1991         Legislation provides for the creation of the Illinois Academic Watch List.

1992         At the first “Tech 2000,” Illinois students demonstrated classroom technology at the State

1995         School districts began to seek waivers and modifications to select Illinois laws or rules.

1996         A new Illinois law provided for the creation of charter schools.

1997         The Illinois Learning Standards are adopted.

             The assessment for students with limited English proficient – IMAGE – is first administered.

             Illinois reduces the number of State Board members from 17 to 9.

1999         The IGAP assessment program is replaced by the Illinois Standards Achievement Test (ISAT).

                                                   2000 - 2004
2000         The number of school districts is reduced to 894.

2001         The first Prairie State Achievement Exam (PSAE) is taken by Illinois 11th grade students.

             A pilot for the Illinois Virtual High School (IVHS) is launched.

2002         Robert E. Schiller is appointed State Superintendent of Education.

2004         The compulsory age for school attendance is raised to 17.

             In Illinois there are:
                       - over 2 million public school students and more than 300,000 nonpublic school students
                       - 888 public school districts
                       - 4,271 public schools
                       - over 130,000 people teach in grades K through 12 in Illinois public schools


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