"The Manganese Ore Mining Industry"
The Manganese Ore Mining Industry Environmental Measures and Their effects on Mn Production in Asia June 2003 IMnI Conference Ore & Metal Company Ltd Alastair Stalker Mn Ore Imports - Japan 1400 1200 1000 Thousands 800 600 400 200 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Australia Brazil China France Gabon Ghana India Morocco RSA June 2003 IMnI Conference Source: Tex Report Mn Ore Imports - Korea 600 500 400 Thousands 300 200 100 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Australia Brazil China Gabon Ghana India Japan RSA USA Misc June 2003 IMnI Conference Source: Tex Report Mn Ore Imports - China 2500 2000 1500 Thousands 1000 500 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Australia Brazil Congo Gabon Ghana India Indonesia Japan Morocco Myanmar Namibia RSA Taiwan USA Misc Vietnam June 2003 IMnI Conference Source: Tex Report Mn Ore Imports to Asia - 2002 Total 3.65 Mill tons BHP / Billiton : 28.7% Ghana : 13.5% Comilog : 17% CML : 6.4% Assmang : 14.3% CVRD : 3.6% 83.5% Accounted for by 6 Major Companies June 2003 IMnI Conference Environmental Issues for Mn Ore Producers Waste Management: Management Fines / Slimes and Waste Rock Water Management: Management Surface and ground water Dust: Dust Respirable dust (Mn Ore is not believed to be toxic) Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation Open cast mines rehabilitation and revegetation. End of mine life planning. June 2003 IMnI Conference Environmental Response from Major Mn Ore Producers All 6 companies adhere to country statutory requirements Several companies have achieved ISO 14001 environmental management system certification Environmental issues and achievements are high profile and widely publicised e.g. company websites, annual reports, etc. Continuous incremental improvements ongoing June 2003 IMnI Conference Ghana Manganese Company Limited June 2003 Revegetation of “Hill E” IMnI Conference Summary Manganese Ore Mining is in relatively remote locations Major manganese ore miners have a pro-active, responsible attitude towards the environment Environmental issues will not be a brake on Mn ore supply into Asia June 2003 IMnI Conference