"ZAHA HADID TRANSPORTATION"
ZAHA HADID TRANSPORTATION NAPOLI–AFRAGOLA HIGH SPEED TRAIN STATION Naples, Italy 2003–2012 Render © Zaha Hadid Architects PROGRAM: Train Station for high speed and regional services including facilities for bus, taxi and car parking, retail and civic, police and fire services. CLIENT: TAV s.p.a SIZE: 20000 m² CONCEPT: The proposal for the New High Speed Station Napoli Afragola is a bridge extending across the tracks. The key challenge of the architectural scheme is to create a well organized transport interchange that can simultaneously serve as a new landmark to announce the approach to Naples – thus a new gateway to the city. The concept of the bridge emerges from the idea of enlarging the overhead concourse, required to access the various platforms, to such a degree that it can become the main passenger concourse itself. Providing an urbanized public link across the tracks, the task is to give expression to the imposition of a new through-station that can also act as the nucleus of a new proposed business park linking the various surrounding towns. The bridge concept further allows two strips of extended park-land to move openly through the site alongside the tracks opening and connecting the site to the surrounding landscape and business park. The architectural language proposed, geared towards the articulation of movement, is pursued further within the interior of the building, where the trajectory of the travelers determines the geometry of the space. COMPUTER RENDERS: Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher PROJECT ARCHITECT: Filippo Innocenti PROJECT MANAGER: Paola Cattarin, Filippo Innocenti DESIGN TEAM: Cesare Griffa, Federico Bistolfi, Mario Mattia, Paolo Zilli, Tobias Hegemann, Michele Salvi, Chiara Baccarini, Alessandra Bellia, Serena Pietrantonj, Roberto Cavallaro, Karim Muallem. COMPETITION TEAM: Fernando Perez Vera, Ergian Alberg, Hon Kong Chee, Cesare Griffa, Karim Muallem, Steven Hatzellis Thomas Vietzke, Jens Borstelmann, Robert Neumayr, Elena Perez, Adriano De Gioannis, Simon Kim, Selim Mimita. CONSULTANTS: STRUCTURAL/GEOTECHNICS: AKT, Interprogetti ENVIRONMENTAL: Max Fordham (London, UK), Studio Reale BUILDING REGULATIONS/LOCAL COORDINATION: Interplan 2 srl COSTING: Building Consulting FIRE: Macchiaroli & Partners srl LANDSCAPE: Gross Max TRANSPORT ENGINEER: JMP ACOUSTIC: Paul Guilleron Acoustics CAR PARK & TERMINUS HOENHEIM-NORD Strasbourg, France 1998–2001 Photography © Hélène Binet PROGRAM: Station for trams and buses Car-Park for 700 cars Various functions (ticket offices, shop, bikes racks, public toilets) CLIENT: Communaute Urbaine de Strasbourg (C.U.S) Compagnie des Transports Strasbourgeois (C.T.S) 14 place de la gare aux marchandises Strasbourg F-67200 FRANCE SIZE: Parking / VRD 25000 m² Station 3000 m² CONCEPT: The city of Strasbourg has been developing a new tramline to encourage people to leave their cars outside the city in specially designed car parks, and then take a tram to the more inner parts of the city. Part of this initiative was the development Line, ‘B’, that will run north to south. Zaha Hadid has been invited as part of the new artist’s interventions, to design the tram-station and a car park for 800 cars at the northern apex of the line. The overall concept is based on overlapping fields and lines that knit together to form a constantly shifting whole. Those ‘fields’ are the patterns of movement engendered by cars, trams, bicycles and pedestrians. Each has a trajectory and a trace, as well as a static fixture. It is as though the transition between transport types (car to tram, train to tram) is rendered as the material and spatial transitions of the station, the landscaping and the context. The Station contains a basic program of waiting space, bicycle storage, toilets and shop. This sense of three dimensional vectors is enhanced in the treatment of space: the play of lines continues as light lines in the floor, or furniture pieces or strip-lights in the ceiling. The idea is to create an energetic and attractive space that is clearly defined in terms of function and circulation. The car park is divided into two parts to cater for 800 cars. The notion of the cars as being ephemeral and constantly changing elements on the site is manifested as a ‘magnetic field’ of white lines on the black tarmac. These delineate each parking space and start off aligned north/south at the lowest part of the site, then gently rotate according to the curvature of the site boundaries. Overall, the ‘field’ of the light posts maintains a constant datum height that combines with the gradient of the floor slope. Again, the intention is to reciprocate between static and dynamic elements at all scales. By articulating the moments of transition between open landscape space and public interior space, it is hoped that a new notion of an ‘artificial nature’ is offered, one that blurs the boundaries between natural and the artificial environments towards the improving of civic life for Strasbourg. PHOTOGRAPHY: Photography © Roland Halbe Photography © Hélène Binet Photography © Hélène Binet Photography © Hélène Binet Photography © Roland Halbe Photography © Hélène Binet Photography © Hélène Binet Photography © Roland Halbe Aerial Photography © R Rothan MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY: Model Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects RELIEF MODEL: Relief Model Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects PAINTINGS: Painting © Zaha Hadid Architects DRAWINGS: Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher PROJECT ARCHITECT: Stephane Hof PROJECT TEAM: Silvia Forlati, Patrik Schumacher, Markus Dochantschi, David Salazar,Caroline Voet, Eddie Can, Stanley Lau, David Gerber, Chris Dopheide, Edgar Gonzalez. CONSULTANTS: GENERAL ENGINEER: Getas/Serue (Strasbourg, France) STRUCTURAL: GS Projekt (Germany), Luigi Martino (Italy) SALERNO MARITIME TERMINAL Salerno, Italy 2000–TBC Render © Zaha Hadid Architects PROGRAM: Ferry and cruise-line terminal, cafe, shops CLIENT: Comune di Salerno Palazzo di Citta’ Via Roma – 84100 Salerno ITALY SIZE: 4500 m² CONCEPT: The New Salerno Ferry Terminal will forge an innovative, intimate relationship between the City and the Waterfront. Like an oyster, the building has a hard shell that encloses soft, fluid elements within. A ‘nerved’ roof acts as an extended protection against the intense Mediterranean sun. When passengers arrive at the Terminal, their drifting begins in dynamic spaces organized around focal points such as the restaurant and the waiting room. The aquatic topography offers insistently differentiated spaces, and experience, whilst providing clear orientation. The ground is sculpted as a smooth hill upon which the sloped path begins. This whole area is indicatively lit to guide passengers through the length of the building. The idea of the lighting operates at another level too: from the outside, the glow of the Terminal will act like a lighthouse to the port, a symbolic mark on the complex set of traces belonging to its former Norman and Saracen past. COMPUTER RENDERS: Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY: Model Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects Model Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects Model Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects DRAWINGS: Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects RELIEF MODEL: Relief Model © Zaha Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher PROJECT ARCHITECT: Paola Cattarin DESIGN TEAM: Andrea Parenti, Giovanna Sylos Labini, Cedric Libert, Filippo Innocenti, Paolo Zilli, Eric Tong. COMPETITION TEAM: Paola Cattarin, Sonia Villaseca, Chris Dopheide. CONSULTANTS: LOCAL ARCHITECT: Interplan Seconda (Napoli, Italy) STRUCTURAL: Ingeco (Rome, Italy), Ove Arup & Partners (Preliminary Design) M&E: Macchiaroli and Partners (Napoli, Italy), Itaca (Napoli, Italy) MARITIME/TRANSPORT ENGINEER: Ove Arup and Partners (London, UK) LIGHTING: Equation Lighting Design (London, UK) COSTING: Building Consulting (Napoli, Italy) SHEIKH ZAYED BRIDGE Abu Dhabi, UAE 1997–2010 Construction Photography © Courtesy of Abu Dhabi Municipality PROGRAM: 2 ways four lane highway bridge to Abu Dhabi Island CLIENT: Sheik Sultan Bin Zayid Al Nahyan SIZE: Lenght: 842 m Height: 64 m Width: 61 m CONCEPT: There is a highly mobile society, which requires a new route around the Gulf south shore, connecting the three Emirates together. In 1967 a steel arch bridge was built to connect the fledgling city of Abu Dhabi island to the mainland, followed by a second bridge built in the seventies, connecting downstream at the south side of Abu Dhabi Island. The location of the new (third) Gateway Crossing, close to the first bridge, is critical in the development and completion of the highway system. Conceived in an open setting, the bridge has the prospect of becoming a destination in itself and potential catalyst in the future urban growth of Abu Dhabi. A collection, or strands of structures, gathered on one shore, are lifted and ‘propelled’ over the length of the channel. A sinusoidal waveform provides the structural silhouette shape across the channel. The mainland is the launch pad for the bridge structure emerging from the ground and approach road. The Road decks are cantilevered on each side of the spine structure. Steel arches rise and spring from mass concrete piers asymmetrically, in length, between the road decks to mark the mainland and the navigation channels. The spine splits and splays from one shore along the central void position, diverging under the road decks to the outside of the roadways at the other end of the bridge. The main bridge arch structure rises to a height of 60 m above water level with the road crowning to a height of 20 metres above mean water level. CONSTRUCTION PHOTOGRAPHS, JANUARY 2010: Construction Photography © Courtesy of Abu Dhabi Municipality Construction Photography © Courtesy of Abu Dhabi Municipality Construction Photography © Courtesy of Abu Dhabi Municipality CONSTRUCTION PHOTOGRAPHS, APRIL 2008: Construction Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects Construction Photography © Zaha Hadid Architects COMPUTER RENDERS: Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid PROJECT ARCHITECT: Graham Modlen PROJECT TEAM: Garin O’Aivazian, Zahira Nazer, Christos Passas, Sara Klomps, Steve Power CONSULTANTS: ENGINEER: Highpoint Rendel (Abu Dhabi, UAE) STRUCTURAL: Rendel Palmer Tritton (London, UK) LIGHTING: Hollands Licht (Amsterdam, Netherlands) NEW PASSENGER TERMINAL & MASTERPLAN, ZAGREB AIRPORT Zagreb, Croatia 2008 Render © Zahah Hadid Architects PROGRAM: New Passenger Terminal & Masterplan Airport City, Zagreb Airport CLIENT: Zracna Luka Zagreb – Zagreb Airport SIZE: New Passenger Terminal Building: 75000 m², 5 million annual passengers (150,000 m², expansion to 10 million annual passengers) Masterplan: 500000 m² mixed-use development CONCEPT: The strategic geographic location of Zagreb Airport grants it a European relevance as part of a network of key capital city airports that structure passenger flows through the continent. We believe that our design is the differentiating element that successfully combines national aspirations, regional development, passenger flows and technical / operational requirements. Our proposal adds to the existing facility, engaging with the natural landscape setting and creating a new state of the art passenger terminal building through a contemporary design concept that maximizes the attractiveness of Zagreb Airport to the national and international market. The site is organized through a series of flow lines that define interweaving strips of intervention, favouring the longitudinal subdivision of the plot. This tapestry like configuration is instrumental to phasing and expansion strategies, clearly outlining future capacity and growth vectors. A fluid grid is generated between the flow lines and the transport system, defining alignments and view lines that interplay between the terminal building and the airport city development, structuring the plots occupation for the two stages of the terminal. The design concept creates spaces that blur the difference between building and landscape, intensifying the fluidity between interior and exterior. The scheme sets the terminal building in a park and the landscape design creates an imprint on the ground that is suggestive of the potential future expansion, replicating the roof pattern. This way the landscape design becomes an active vector of airport phasing with seamless integration. There is no distinction between floor, wall and roof, as there is none between landscape and building, the terminal envelope is devised as a continuous structure that is embedded with multiple levels of program. Its design concept integrates natural light, ventilation, access, signage and views, making the component the key operator of the transition. The objective of our environmental strategy is to create a stable, sustainable and low energy environment so that the airport terminal becomes an enjoyable place for the passengers, visitors and staff. We have applied many of the recommendations of the UK BREEAM environmental assessment method to the design approach. PHOTOGRAPHY: Render © Zahah Hadid Architects Render © Zahah Hadid Architects Render © Zahah Hadid Architects Render © Zahah Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher PROJECT ARCHITECT: Tiago Correia PROJECT TEAM: Victor Orive, Monica Noguero, Fabiano Continanza, Alejandro Diaz, Goswin Rothenthal, Oihane Santiuste, Rafael Gonzalez, Irene Mennini, Maren Klasing, Martin Krcha, Andres Schenker CONSULTANTS: AIRPORT SYSTEM: Deerns Consulting Engineers BV STRUCTURAL: Adams Kara Taylor SUSTAINABILITY: Max Fordham LLP TRANSPORT PLANNING: Savell Bird & Axon NORDPARK RAILWAY STATIONS Innsbruck, Austria 2004–2007 Hungerburg Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher PROGRAM: 4 Cable Railway Stations, 1 Bridge CLIENT: INKB (Innsbrucker Nordkettenbahnen GmbH) Public Private Partnership SIZE: Roof surface area: 2500 m² CONCEPT: The project contains the design of four stations along the cable railway tracks leading up to Innsbruck’s northern chain of mountains. Adaptation to the specific site conditions in various altitudes while articulating a coherent overall architectural language is critical to this design approach. Two contrasting elements ‘Shell & Shadow’ generate each station’s spatial quality. A lightweight organic roof structure floats on top of a concrete plinth. The artificial landscape functions as a relief in which various movements and circulations are inscribed. Looking at the Roof Shell’s fluid shapes and soft contours, one might be reminded on natural phenomena such as glacier movements. New production methods like CNC milling and thermoforming guarantee a very precise and automatic translation of the computer generated design into the built structure. The resulting aesthetics might be reminiscent of streamlined Industrial Design pieces (Car Bodies, Aeroplane Wings, Yachts etc.). Each station has its context, its topography, its altitude, its movements. The track’s inclination and ratios are dominant technical parameters. A high degree of flexibility enables the shell structures to adjust to these various parameters while still being part of the same formal family. The concept of lightness is explored. Large cantilevers and small touch down areas underline a floating appearance of the shells. PHOTOGRAPHY: Hungerburg Station, Photography © Roland Halbe Hungerburg Station, Photography © Roland Halbe Hungerburg Station, Photography © Roland Halbe Hungerburg Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Hungerburg Station, Photography © Hélène Binet Alpenzoo Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Alpenzoo Station, Photography © Hélène Binet Lowenhaus Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Lowenhaus Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Lowenhaus Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Lowenhaus Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Congress Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher Congress Station, Photography © Werner Huthmacher COMPUTER RENDERS: Congress Station, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Loewenhaus Station, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Alpenzoo Station, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Hungerburg Station, Render © Zaha Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher PROJECT ARCHITECT: Thomas Vietzke DESIGN TEAM: Jens Borstelmann, Markus Planteu PRODUCTION TEAM: Caroline Andersen, Makakrai Suthadarat, Marcela Spadaro, Anneka Wagener, Adriano di Gionnis, PeterPichler, Susann Berggren CONSULTANTS: PROJECT/CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT: Malojer Baumanagement GmbH PLANNING ADVISER: ILF Beratende Ingenieure ZT, Malojer Baumanagement GmbH TOTAL CONTRACTOR: STRABAG AG ENGINES/CABLE CONTRACTOR: LEITNER GmbH FACADE: Pagitz Metalltechnik GmbH STRUCTURAL: Baumann & Obholzer Ziviltechniker (concrete base), Bollinger Grohmann Schneider ZT (roof structure) BRIDGE/TRACK ENGINEER: ILF Beratende Ingenieure ZT NEW EUSKO TREN CENTRAL HEADQUARTERS Durango, Spain 2004–TBC Render © Zaha Hadid Architects PROGRAM: New Central Headquarters, Railway Station, Commercial & Leisure Centre and Urban Park Development CLIENT: Eusko Tren / ETS Red Ferroviaria Vasca Department of Transport and Public Works of the Basque Government Bilbao Spain SIZE: Central Headquarters Eusko Tren: 7291 m² Commercial & Leisure Centre: 9575 m² Railway Station: 9536 m² Total Built Surface: 26403 m² Total Public Park Area: 25192 m² CONCEPT: The challenge of the Eusko Tren was integrating a new underground station, the corporate HQ and commercial space to create a new civic landmark for Durango, Spain. The new building provides more than the company’s physical needs; it articulates Eusko Tren’s new identity and image, symbolising its economic growth and expansion across the region and Europe. The new building is thus a new symbol not only for the company but the citizens of Durango too. It is anticipated the structure will be a catalyst and focus for the transformation of the town centre. The overall concept is one of a conjoined design of buildings emerging at the head of the site from the reformed land. Existing rail tracks at ground level are to be removed and replaced with a new network of underground tracks across Durango allowing the land to return to public use. Foot paths are to be re-established across the site forming a connective urban tissue with a network of open public spaces each graded by topography and enclosure. The paths connect the park directly to the station and commercial space. The subterranean car park is to provide permanent parking for nearby residents and visitors with access and egress to the building provided at key points along its length. Vertical access routes are then generated where higher levels of pedestrian and car circulation flow across the car park’s premises. COMPUTER RENDERS: Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects Render © Zaha Hadid Architects DRAWINGS: Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects Drawing © Zaha Hadid Architects ARCHITECT: ZAHA HADID ARCHITECTS DESIGN: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher PROJECT ARCHITECT: Juan Ignacio Aranguren C PROJECT TEAM: Jimena Araiza, Andrés Arias, Muriel Boselli, Daniel Dendra, Alejandro Díaz, Elena García, John D. Goater, Daewha Kang, Kia Larsdotter, Sophie le Bienvenu, Murat Mutlu, Mónica Noguero, Markus Nonn, Benjamin Pohlers, Aurora Santana, Guillermo Álvarez. COMPETITION TEAM: Alvin Huang, Yang Jingwen, Simon Kim, Graham Modlen, Sujit Nair, Annabelle Perdomo, Makakrai Suthadarat, Philipp Vogt. CONSULTANTS: LOCAL ARCHITECT: IDOM UK ltd (London, UK) PROJECT MANAGER: MECSA (Bilbao, Spain) STRUCTURAL: Adams Kara Taylor (London, UK) M&E/LOCAL STRUCTURE/COST PLANNING: IDOM UK Ltd (Bilbao, Spain) FAÇADE: Emmer Pfenninger Partners AG [Basel, Switzerland] LIGHTING: Architectural Lighting Solutions/ALS (Pamplona, Spain) ACOUSTIC: Arup Acoustics (London, UK) LANDSCAPE: Gross Max (Edinburgh, UK)