Stain removal kit Consumer stain removal guide Carpet care Immediate response is the key to n Treat the stain immediately. successful stain removal – keep these home remedies handy. Here’s how to treat spots and stains on fabrics. In most cases, the item should be rinsed or washed straight after treatment. n First, remove as much excess as possible. For liquid stains, blot up n Talcum powder or salt – to soak as much of the liquid as you can. up excess moisture. (Salt is good for Beer: Soak in a Deodorants/antiperspirants: Sponge or Mildew/mould: Treat white cotton or Sunscreen: Absorb excess with tissues, Dab the stain – don’t scrub (it can removing tea or coffee stains from a solution of 3 soak in a solution of 1tbsp ammonia/1 cup linen with a mixture of 1tbsp chlorine then sponge with meths. damage the carpet pile and leave cup – put a half-teaspoon of salt on a parts water/ warm water with a squirt of dishwashing bleach/1L warm soapy water. On coloured matted fibres). Next, dilute the damp cloth and rub into the stain.) 1 part white Tar/bitumen: Scrape off as much as liquid. Treat residual traces with turps. fabrics dilute the bleach even more and be stain with cold water and continue vinegar. possible. Rub in glycerine to soften the n An enzyme detergent – most prepared for some fading. blotting until the stain fades. Don’t Egg: Apply a paste of a laundry detergent stain, leave for 30 minutes, then apply laundry detergent powders contain Beetroot saturate the carpet – if the backing containing enzymes and water. Don’t treat Milk/cream/ice cream: Rinse in warm turps or eucalyptus oil. enzymes. juice: Rinse becomes wet it can create new the stain with hot water as this will make (not hot) water and dishwashing liquid, straight away Tomato sauce: stains or even grow mould. it harder to remove. then apply a paste of a laundry detergent n Ammonia – you’ll find cloudy in cold water, Sponge with ammonia in supermarkets. containing enzymes and water and soak. n Candle wax, crayon and gum are then apply a Fats & oils: Sprinkle with talcum powder, dishwashing Treat residual fat stains with turps. easier to remove after being frozen paste of a laundry leave for 30 minutes then scrape off. liquid, then n White vinegar. with ice. detergent containing Lubricate older stains with glycerine, then Motor oil: Scrape rinse. Apply n Chlorine bleach. enzymes and water. sponge with dishwashing liquid and warm away as much a paste of n Treat the residue with an water. Treat residual stains with turps. as possible a laundry appropriate carpet spot cleaner. n Glycerine. Blood: Soak for several hours in a solution and sponge detergent Test the cleaner first on an of 1tsp salt/600ml cold water, then rinse Fruit juice: Rinse immediately in cold n An alcohol-based solvent such as with turps. containing inconspicuous patch of carpet, and apply a paste of a laundry detergent water. If the stain persists, and the fabric meths. For washable enzymes and to check that it won’t affect the containing enzymes and water. Don’t treat will stand it, spread the item over a bowl fabrics rub water and soak. colour. To stop the stain from n A fat/oil solvent – turps, white the stain with hot water as this will set it. and pour boiling water over the stain. glycerine spreading, work from the outside spirits or kerosene. Otherwise, sponge or soak the stain in Urine: Soak in a solution Candle wax: Scrape off as much as you can, into the stain. edges in towards the centre. warm water with a squirt of dishwashing of 1 part ammonia/5 parts water. On n A carpet spot cleaner for carpets then allow the stain to harden (applying Rinse under a hot liquid. Treat residual stains with meths. stubborn stains follow with a solution of 1 n Large or stubborn stains may or rugs. ice cubes or placing the garment in the tap, then soak in part white vinegar/3 parts water. Or use a need professional carpet cleaning. freezer will speed up the process). Place Glue: Soak cellulose-based glues in cold water with dishwashing nappy soaker. Some stains permanently change stain between layers of white paper towels water with a squirt of dishwashing liquid. liquid. the carpet’s colour, and are and press with a warm iron, changing the Meths works on PVA. Other glues may Vomit: Remove excess, rinse in cold water, Nail polish: Treat non-synthetic fabrics with untreatable. These include types paper as it becomes soiled. Sponge the only respond to nail polish remover. (Spot then apply a paste of a laundry detergent nail polish remover. (Spot test first.) Treat of dye (such as hair dye), chlorine residue with meths. test first.) containing enzymes and water and soak. any residual marks with meths. Never treat bleach, mustard with turmeric, Chewing gum: Freeze with ice and break Grass: Sponge with acetate fabrics with nail polish remover – it Wine (red): Flush with lots of cold water, acid or alkaline cleaners, and plant off as much as possible. Treat the residue meths, dry, and can melt them! then pour salt on fertilisers. You may need to get the with turps and wash in hot soapy water. then soak in water the stain, and stained section replaced. with a squirt Paint (oil-based): Scrape off as much as Chocolate/cocoa: Scrape off excess let it stand possible and sponge residue with turps. If IMPORTANT: if the stain isn’t liquid of dishwashing for an hour. chocolate then apply a paste of a laundry paint has dried, soften with glycerine first. and looks serious – for example, liquid. Scrape off the detergent containing enzymes and water. tracked-in oily footprints – don’t Paint (water-based & latex): Wash away salt and rinse The golden rules Coffee/tea: Soak in warm water with a Hair dye: Blot with fresh paint with cold water. Remove thoroughly. touch it until you’ve called your warm (not hot) water insurance company. You may squirt of dishwashing liquid. If the stain residue with meths. Once dry these paints But see “Carpet then sponge with a find that repairing the damage is n Act quickly – before the stain sets. persists, soak a black coffee or tea stain are virtually impossible to remove. care” if the wine solution of 1tbsp ammonia covered by your contents policy. in a solution of 2 parts water/1 part white is on the carpet. n Check the fabric care label. Wool, in ½ cup water. (Spot test first on coloured Perfume: Apply glycerine, then soak in a vinegar. Try a paste of a laundry detergent silk, synthetics and non-colourfast fabrics.) solution of equal parts white vinegar and containing enzymes and water on a stain garments can be damaged by some water. from white coffee or tea. Hair spray: Sponge with meths. chemicals such as bleach or meths. Perspiration: Sponge with a solution of 1 Safe cleaning Crayon: Treat the Ink (ballpoint pen): Sponge with meths, n Take expensive or delicate part ammonia/5 parts water, then rinse. same as candle then rinse thoroughly in cold water. Repeat garments to a drycleaner. Follow up by soaking in a solution of 1 part n Many stain removal chemicals are wax. as necessary. white vinegar/3 parts water. poisonous. Store them out of the reach n If in doubt about a treatment, test Curry: Ink (liquid & marker): Remove excess of children. on an inconspicuous spot first. Rust: Dab in a paste of lemon juice and salt A tricky with absorbent paper. Sponge or dip in n When treating a stain with meths, stain – take a solution of equal parts ammonia and and leave for an hour. Rinse and repeat if turps, kerosene, white spirits, or nail n If you don’t know what caused garments water. (Spot test first on necessary. polish remover stay well away from the stain, sponge it with neat dishwashing liquid then rinse. you value to coloured fabrics.) Rinse in Scorch marks: Light marks can often be naked flames or burning cigarettes. a dry-cleaner. warm water. removed by immediately washing in warm n Keep a door or window open to n Use light brushing or dabbing ventilate the area and avoid breathing Otherwise, soak the soapy water, rinsing and drying in the sun. motions. Never rub a stain. Lipstick/makeup: garment in warm water, the fumes. Gently rub in Shoe polish/cleaners: Scrape off the n Rinse with cold water unless squeeze out the excess, apply glycerine and n Never use ammonia with products glycerine to loosen excess then apply a solution of equal otherwise directed. Hot water can leave for an hour. Rinse, then try a paste of containing chlorine bleach – the fumes the stain, then treat parts ammonia and water. If the stain is set a stain. a laundry detergent containing enzymes given off by the mixture are dangerous. with meths. stubborn treat with meths. and water.