Consumer stain removal guide nail enamel remover by benbenzhou


Consumer stain removal guide nail enamel remover

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									Stain removal kit
                                         Consumer stain removal guide                                                                                                                                                                 Carpet care

Immediate response is the key to                                                                                                                                                                                                      n Treat the stain immediately.
successful stain removal – keep
these home remedies handy.               Here’s how to treat spots and stains on fabrics. In most cases, the item should be rinsed or washed straight after treatment.                                                                n First, remove as much excess as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      possible. For liquid stains, blot up
n Talcum powder or salt – to soak                                                                                                                                                                                                     as much of the liquid as you can.
up excess moisture. (Salt is good for    Beer: Soak in a
                                                                                         Deodorants/antiperspirants: Sponge or          Mildew/mould: Treat white cotton or             Sunscreen: Absorb excess with tissues,        Dab the stain – don’t scrub (it can
removing tea or coffee stains from a     solution of 3
                                                                                         soak in a solution of 1tbsp ammonia/1 cup      linen with a mixture of 1tbsp chlorine          then sponge with meths.                       damage the carpet pile and leave
cup – put a half-teaspoon of salt on a   parts water/
                                                                                         warm water with a squirt of dishwashing        bleach/1L warm soapy water. On coloured                                                       matted fibres). Next, dilute the
damp cloth and rub into the stain.)      1 part white                                                                                                                                   Tar/bitumen: Scrape off as much as
                                                                                         liquid. Treat residual traces with turps.      fabrics dilute the bleach even more and be                                                    stain with cold water and continue
                                         vinegar.                                                                                                                                       possible. Rub in glycerine to soften the
n An enzyme detergent – most                                                                                                            prepared for some fading.                                                                     blotting until the stain fades. Don’t
                                                                                         Egg: Apply a paste of a laundry detergent                                                      stain, leave for 30 minutes, then apply
laundry detergent powders contain        Beetroot                                                                                                                                                                                     saturate the carpet – if the backing
                                                                                         containing enzymes and water. Don’t treat      Milk/cream/ice cream: Rinse in warm             turps or eucalyptus oil.
enzymes.                                 juice: Rinse                                                                                                                                                                                 becomes wet it can create new
                                                                                         the stain with hot water as this will make     (not hot) water and dishwashing liquid,
                                         straight away                                                                                                                                  Tomato sauce:                                 stains or even grow mould.
                                                                                         it harder to remove.                           then apply a paste of a laundry detergent
n Ammonia – you’ll find cloudy           in cold water,                                                                                                                                 Sponge with
ammonia in supermarkets.                                                                                                                containing enzymes and water and soak.                                                        n Candle wax, crayon and gum are
                                         then apply a                                    Fats & oils: Sprinkle with talcum powder,                                                      dishwashing
                                                                                                                                        Treat residual fat stains with turps.                                                         easier to remove after being frozen
                                         paste of a laundry                              leave for 30 minutes then scrape off.                                                          liquid, then
n White vinegar.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      with ice.
                                         detergent containing                            Lubricate older stains with glycerine, then    Motor oil: Scrape                               rinse. Apply
n Chlorine bleach.                       enzymes and water.                              sponge with dishwashing liquid and warm        away as much                                    a paste of                                    n Treat the residue with an
                                                                                         water. Treat residual stains with turps.       as possible                                     a laundry                                     appropriate carpet spot cleaner.
n Glycerine.                             Blood: Soak for several hours in a solution
                                                                                                                                        and sponge                                      detergent                                     Test the cleaner first on an
                                         of 1tsp salt/600ml cold water, then rinse       Fruit juice: Rinse immediately in cold
n An alcohol-based solvent such as                                                                                                      with turps.                                     containing                                    inconspicuous patch of carpet,
                                         and apply a paste of a laundry detergent        water. If the stain persists, and the fabric
meths.                                                                                                                                  For washable                                    enzymes and                                   to check that it won’t affect the
                                         containing enzymes and water. Don’t treat       will stand it, spread the item over a bowl
                                                                                                                                        fabrics rub                                     water and soak.                               colour. To stop the stain from
n A fat/oil solvent – turps, white       the stain with hot water as this will set it.   and pour boiling water over the stain.
                                                                                                                                        glycerine                                                                                     spreading, work from the outside
spirits or kerosene.                                                                     Otherwise, sponge or soak the stain in                                                         Urine: Soak in a solution
                                         Candle wax: Scrape off as much as you can,                                                     into the stain.                                                                               edges in towards the centre.
                                                                                         warm water with a squirt of dishwashing                                                        of 1 part ammonia/5 parts water. On
n A carpet spot cleaner for carpets      then allow the stain to harden (applying                                                       Rinse under a hot
                                                                                         liquid. Treat residual stains with meths.                                                      stubborn stains follow with a solution of 1   n Large or stubborn stains may
or rugs.                                 ice cubes or placing the garment in the                                                        tap, then soak in
                                                                                                                                                                                        part white vinegar/3 parts water. Or use a    need professional carpet cleaning.
                                         freezer will speed up the process). Place       Glue: Soak cellulose-based glues in cold       water with dishwashing
                                                                                                                                                                                        nappy soaker.                                 Some stains permanently change
                                         stain between layers of white paper towels      water with a squirt of dishwashing liquid.     liquid.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the carpet’s colour, and are
                                         and press with a warm iron, changing the        Meths works on PVA. Other glues may                                                            Vomit: Remove excess, rinse in cold water,
                                                                                                                                        Nail polish: Treat non-synthetic fabrics with                                                 untreatable. These include types
                                         paper as it becomes soiled. Sponge the          only respond to nail polish remover. (Spot                                                     then apply a paste of a laundry detergent
                                                                                                                                        nail polish remover. (Spot test first.) Treat                                                 of dye (such as hair dye), chlorine
                                         residue with meths.                             test first.)                                                                                   containing enzymes and water and soak.
                                                                                                                                        any residual marks with meths. Never treat                                                    bleach, mustard with turmeric,
                                         Chewing gum: Freeze with ice and break          Grass: Sponge with                             acetate fabrics with nail polish remover – it   Wine (red): Flush with lots of cold water,    acid or alkaline cleaners, and plant
                                         off as much as possible. Treat the residue      meths, dry, and                                can melt them!                                  then pour salt on                             fertilisers. You may need to get the
                                         with turps and wash in hot soapy water.         then soak in water                                                                             the stain, and                                stained section replaced.
                                                                                         with a squirt                                  Paint (oil-based): Scrape off as much as
                                         Chocolate/cocoa: Scrape off excess                                                                                                             let it stand
                                                                                                                                        possible and sponge residue with turps. If                                                    IMPORTANT: if the stain isn’t liquid
                                                                                         of dishwashing                                                                                 for an hour.
                                         chocolate then apply a paste of a laundry                                                      paint has dried, soften with glycerine first.                                                 and looks serious – for example,
                                                                                         liquid.                                                                                        Scrape off the
                                         detergent containing enzymes and water.                                                                                                                                                      tracked-in oily footprints – don’t
                                                                                                                                        Paint (water-based & latex): Wash away          salt and rinse
The golden rules                         Coffee/tea: Soak in warm water with a
                                                                                         Hair dye: Blot with
                                                                                                                                        fresh paint with cold water. Remove             thoroughly.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      touch it until you’ve called your
                                                                                         warm (not hot) water                                                                                                                         insurance company. You may
                                         squirt of dishwashing liquid. If the stain                                                     residue with meths. Once dry these paints       But see “Carpet
                                                                                         then sponge with a                                                                                                                           find that repairing the damage is
n Act quickly – before the stain sets.   persists, soak a black coffee or tea stain                                                     are virtually impossible to remove.             care” if the wine
                                                                                         solution of 1tbsp ammonia                                                                                                                    covered by your contents policy.
                                         in a solution of 2 parts water/1 part white                                                                                                    is on the carpet.
n Check the fabric care label. Wool,                                                     in ½ cup water. (Spot test first on coloured   Perfume: Apply glycerine, then soak in a
                                         vinegar. Try a paste of a laundry detergent
silk, synthetics and non-colourfast                                                      fabrics.)                                      solution of equal parts white vinegar and
                                         containing enzymes and water on a stain
garments can be damaged by some                                                                                                         water.
                                         from white coffee or tea.                       Hair spray: Sponge with meths.
chemicals such as bleach or meths.
                                                                                                                                        Perspiration: Sponge with a solution of 1
                                                                                                                                                                                           Safe cleaning
                                         Crayon: Treat the                               Ink (ballpoint pen): Sponge with meths,
n Take expensive or delicate                                                                                                            part ammonia/5 parts water, then rinse.
                                         same as candle                                  then rinse thoroughly in cold water. Repeat
garments to a drycleaner.                                                                                                               Follow up by soaking in a solution of 1 part       n Many stain removal chemicals are
                                         wax.                                            as necessary.
                                                                                                                                        white vinegar/3 parts water.                       poisonous. Store them out of the reach
n If in doubt about a treatment, test
                                         Curry:                                          Ink (liquid & marker): Remove excess                                                              of children.
on an inconspicuous spot first.                                                                                                         Rust: Dab in a paste of lemon juice and salt
                                         A tricky                                        with absorbent paper. Sponge or dip in                                                            n When treating a stain with meths,
                                         stain – take                                    a solution of equal parts ammonia and          and leave for an hour. Rinse and repeat if         turps, kerosene, white spirits, or nail
n If you don’t know what caused
                                         garments                                        water. (Spot test first on                     necessary.                                         polish remover stay well away from
the stain, sponge it with neat
dishwashing liquid then rinse.           you value to                                    coloured fabrics.) Rinse in                    Scorch marks: Light marks can often be             naked flames or burning cigarettes.
                                         a dry-cleaner.                                  warm water.                                    removed by immediately washing in warm             n Keep a door or window open to
n Use light brushing or dabbing                                                                                                                                                            ventilate the area and avoid breathing
                                         Otherwise, soak the                                                                            soapy water, rinsing and drying in the sun.
motions. Never rub a stain.                                                              Lipstick/makeup:
                                         garment in warm water,                                                                                                                            the fumes.
                                                                                         Gently rub in                                  Shoe polish/cleaners: Scrape off the
n Rinse with cold water unless           squeeze out the excess, apply glycerine and                                                                                                       n Never use ammonia with products
                                                                                         glycerine to loosen                            excess then apply a solution of equal
otherwise directed. Hot water can        leave for an hour. Rinse, then try a paste of                                                                                                     containing chlorine bleach – the fumes
                                                                                         the stain, then treat                          parts ammonia and water. If the stain is
set a stain.                             a laundry detergent containing enzymes                                                                                                            given off by the mixture are dangerous.
                                                                                         with meths.                                    stubborn treat with meths.
                                         and water.

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