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# Lesson 1 Locating Places and Things

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```									Kindergarten Social Studies: Myself and Others                                                 SS000201
Unit 2: Where Am I?                                                                             Lesson 1

Lesson 1: Locating Places and Things

Big Ideas of the Lesson

   Positional words are above, down, in, out, in front of, behind, up, and down.
   Positional words are used to help us understand where places, things, or people are located.

Lesson Abstract:
In this lesson, students combine math and geography to practice using simple directions and
positional words to locate things and places. The lesson begins with the teacher displaying chart
paper with the following words listed: above, below, in, out, in front of, behind, up, and down. Using
two objects, such as a small ball and a block, the teacher models each positional word. The teacher
continues to change the position of the ball and block while asking the students to answer the
question: Where is the ball? Next, with students sitting in a circle, the teacher tells them to stand up,
sit down, raise their hand up, etc. This leads to a game of “Simon Says”. Students then play a game
similar to “I Spy” during which the teacher describes the location of objects and students try to identify
the objects. Students are assessed by how accurately they respond to questions using positional
words to identify the location of various objects in a photograph, and how accurately they select the
position of objects given a positional word.

Content Expectations
K - G1.0.2: Use environmental directions or positional words (up/down, in/out, above/below) to
identify significant locations in the classroom.

Integrated GLCEs
P.FM.00.11: Compare the position of an object (for example: above, below, in front of, behind, on) in
relation to other objects around it. (Math)

Key Concepts
location

Instructional Resources
Equipment/Manipulative
Chart paper
Computer (optional)
Crayons, markers, or colored pencils (classroom set)
Internet Access (optional)
Markers (teacher use)
Pencils (class set)
Small ball
Small block

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum                                               Page 1 of 3
www.micitizenshipcurriculum.org                                                        October 27, 2009
Kindergarten Social Studies: Myself and Others                                                 SS000201
Unit 2: Where Am I?                                                                             Lesson 1

Student Resource
Beginning Social Studies Vocabulary. 100% Educational Videos. 1999. Discovery Education. 30
September 2009 <http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/>.

Clearly, Brian. Under, Over, By the Clover: What Is a Preposition? Minneapolis, MN: Millbrook Press,
2002.

Teacher Resource
Clark, Jennifer. Supplemental Materials (Unit 2, Lesson 1). Teacher-made material. Michigan
Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum, 2009.

Lesson Sequence
1. Display chart paper with the following words listed on it: above, below, in, out, in front of,
behind, up, down, etc. An example chart called “Positional Words Web” can be found in the
Supplemental Materials (Unit 2, Lesson 1).

2. While pointing out each word listed on the chart paper, use two objects such as a small block
and a ball to model each positional word for the students.

3. Once you have demonstrated each of the positional words to the students, place the ball
above the block again. This time, ask the students to identify the correct positional word that
matches this illustration by asking: “Where is the ball?” Have student volunteers try to point to
the word “above” on the chart.

4. Continue to change the position of the ball and the block until all of the positional words on the
chart have been explored. Each time the ball is moved ask, “Where is the ball?”

5. Read the students the book Under, Over, By the Clover, or a similar book, to teach about
positional words.

6. Have the students sit in a circle. Using “Positional Words Game” located in the Supplemental
Materials (Unit 2, Lesson 1) as a guide; ask the students to stand up, sit down, raise their
hand, point their foot out, bend their elbow in, etc. This activity allows the students to continue
to understand positional words better.

7. To further students’ understanding of positional words, lead the students in a game similar to
“Simon Says.” Using the “Simon Says” Game sheet found in the Supplemental Materials (Unit
2, Lesson 1) as a guide, give the students tasks to complete that provide practice using
positional words.

8. Next, show the movie Beginning Social Studies Vocabulary from Discovery Streaming,
http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/, which further explains positional words.

9. Using “I Spy” Game, located in the Supplemental Materials (Unit 2, Lesson 1), lead students in
the game. As an example, say: “I Spy something below the clock.” Once you say the “I Spy”
statement, the students try to identify the objects.

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum                                               Page 2 of 3
www.micitizenshipcurriculum.org                                                        October 27, 2009
Kindergarten Social Studies: Myself and Others                                              SS000201
Unit 2: Where Am I?                                                                          Lesson 1

10. Next, display the “Positional Words Photograph” located in the Supplemental Materials (Unit 2,
Lesson 1). Using the photograph, students are asked questions using positional words to
identify the location of various objects in the picture.

11. Finally, use “Using Positional Words to Locate Objects” located in the Supplemental Materials
(Unit 2, Lesson 1) to check for understanding.

Assessment
For one assessment, use the “Positional Words Photograph” from Step 10. Using this activity, you
can assess if the students can correctly identify the objects based on the positional words described
in the questions. For another assessment, use the “Using Positional Words to Locate Objects” from
step 11. This sheet allows you to independently assess the students on their ability to correctly
represent positional words.

Michigan Citizenship Collaborative Curriculum                                            Page 3 of 3
www.micitizenshipcurriculum.org                                                     October 27, 2009

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