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Age of Exploration Board Game

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					                  ‘Age of Exploration’ Board Game
                                Teacher Notes

This teaching resource has been designed by Debbie Hall to engage students to
better understand some of the historical issues related to nuclear energy. The
timeline covered in this game ranges from the late 1800’s with the discovery of X-rays
followed closely by the discovery of radioactive elements through to the early 2000’s
where the issue of using nuclear energy remains a contentious topic.

The board game tries to represent several different stakeholders in the issues
surrounding nuclear energy, but it is by no means a comprehensive list. Therefore,
there is acknowledgement that some of the stakeholders in the issue have been left
out due only to the size restraints of the proposed materials being used. Please feel
free to add relevant details or to omit others if you are borrowing this resource for
your own classroom situations.

This game can be assembled by the students themselves, or if time does not allow for
this to occur during class time, preparations can be made prior to the lesson taking
place either by the teacher or another relevant person. It will be necessary however
for one complete game to be constructed for every 6-7 students within the class.
Please keep that in mind before trying to prepare this activity yourself instead of
allowing the students to undertake the task.

                    Board Game Assembly Instructions

1. Print attached pages once only. Then reprint or photocopy the “Nuclear Dollars”
   on pages 8-14 only another 7 times (see teacher if assistance required for this
   step). The printing of the “Nuclear Dollars” works best if done on different
   coloured sheets for each denomination.

2. Cut out playing discs and nuclear dollars.

3. Spread playing discs onto a large poster sized sheet of cardboard so that all
   pieces fit onto cardboard sheet. Pieces should be organised as follows;

         First disc is “Start”
         Followed by the occupation discs (e.g. Greenpeace Warrior, Miner,
          Consumer, Scientist, Politician and Plant/Mine Owner)
         Next is a “Pay day” disc
         Followed by information discs in order of event occurring. These are to be
          spaced intermittently with further “Pay Day” discs
         “Finish Line Near” disc is the last in this group
         From the “Finish Line Near” disc, place the final discs in a fork like path. On
          the first fork place the “Yes” disc followed by the “Risk” disc and on the
          second fork place the “No” disc followed by the “Retire” disc.
         All discs must be placed in such a way as to allow for a clear and visible
          path to be followed by all players of the game

4. Organise six playing pieces or coloured discs and a single playing dice.

5. Game is now ready to be played.
                  ‘Age of Exploration’ Board Game
                                  Rules of Play

1. In teams of up to six players (seven if one person is to be the banker – otherwise
   allocate a banker from one of the six players).

2. Distribute playing cash to each player as follows;

      2 x $1,000      =     $2,000
      5x     $500     =     $2,500
      5x     $100     =       $500
      6x      $50     =       $300
      6x      $20     =       $120
      5x      $10     =        $50
      6x       $5     =        $20
      Total per player      $5,500

3. Select the player who throws the highest number on the dice (If two people throw
   the highest number, those two players only throw off until there is a clear winner).
   This player will go first and play will continue in a clockwise direction from this
   player.

4. When play order has been established, play can begin.

5. Player whose turn it is rolls the dice and moves off the start disc the relevant
   number of spaces. This will allocate the player a career for the game and the
   player moves forward the relevant number of spaces according to instructions to
   land on the “Pay Day” disc. Player is given their income from the bank according
   to their personal career.

6. Play continues in this way until all players have been allocated a career, relevant
   salary and have collected their income on the first “Pay Day” disc.

7. Players then continue around the board in order of play as previously established,
   following the instructions of each disc that they land on. The only exception to
   this is that “Pay Day” discs are always obeyed regardless of whether the player
   landed on or passed over such discs.

8. Play continues until players must either select or be allocated to a finishing path
   (fork in the road). These discs too must be obeyed, but where possible, players
   are able to select the path they choose to take (this is only possible when
   direction has not been allocated via the final two discs prior to the “Finish Line”
   disc). Players must reflect on the information they have learnt through the playing
   of this game before making this decision. An exact count to finish is not required.

9. Play continues until all players have arrived at their final destination.

10. The winner is the one who holds the most money at the end of play. This may or
    may not be the person who crossed the finish line first.
                   You are a
                                Pay Day         Pay Day

Start
                                 Collect your    Collect your
                  Politician…
                                  income for      income for
                Income = $450
                                landing on or   landing on or
                 Move ahead
                                 passing over    passing over
                   2 spaces
                                   this space      this space


   You are a       You are a
                  Plant/Mine
                                Pay Day         Pay Day
 Greenpeace                                      Collect your
                   Owner…        Collect your
   Warrior…                                       income for
                Income = $500     income for
Income = $250                                   landing on or
                 Move ahead     landing on or
 Move ahead                                      passing over
                    1 space      passing over
   6 spaces                                        this space
                                   this space



   You are a    Pay Day         Pay Day         Pay Day
    Miner…       Collect your    Collect your    Collect your
Income = $300     income for      income for      income for
 Move ahead     landing on or   landing on or   landing on or
   5 spaces      passing over    passing over    passing over
                   this space      this space      this space



   You are a    Pay Day         Pay Day         Pay Day
  Consumer…      Collect your    Collect your    Collect your
Income = $350     income for      income for      income for
 Move ahead     landing on or   landing on or   landing on or
   4 spaces      passing over    passing over    passing over
                   this space      this space      this space



   You are a    Pay Day         Pay Day         Pay Day
  Scientist…     Collect your    Collect your    Collect your
Income = $400     income for      income for      income for
 Move ahead     landing on or   landing on or   landing on or
   3 spaces      passing over    passing over    passing over
                   this space      this space      this space
                                                  1943                   1942
                            1895                                    Enrico Fermi
                                           Georg von Hevesy
                     Wilhelm Roentgen                            produces artificial
                                            wins the Nobel
Finish Line Near      discovers x-rays.                           fission reaction
                                                  Prize
   Make your            Medical and
                                            Spend one turn       Manhattan Project
 choice now &             scientific                               secretly build
                                           here celebrating
                      advancement                                research facilities
 move forward                                this nostalgic
                        Collect $400                               Pay $1000 for
     1 space                                   occasion
                                                                       research

                             1896                  1927                  1943
                        Antoine Henri       Herman Blumgart           The first real
  If you say             Becquerel         continues the work   plutonium production
    Yes              discovers uranium
                     salts radioactivity
                                           of von Hevesy and
                                            uses radioactive
                                                                reactor, named, The
                                                                  Clinton Pile begins
 to Nuclear           Further research          tracers to             operation.
   Power                  required           diagnose heart      Only the Plant/Mine
                         Miss a turn             disease              owner pays
 go this way
                                                                         $500
       Risk                 1898                   1938
                                                                         1944
   Throw dice           Marie Curie                                 Homi Jehangir
                                            Otto Hahn & Fritz
                       discovers the                            Bhabha tries to push
  1,2,3 collect                                 Strassman
                        radioactive                             for a start in nuclear
double income                                 demonstrate
                                                                  research in India
                     elements radium          nuclear fission
  4,5,6 collect       and polonium                               Governments very
                                            Collect $450 for
nothing gamble            Scientific                               interested, pay
                                           interest shown by
   with world         advancement            those in power
                                                                     $450 for spy
     security          Collect $400                                  Information

                            1905                    1939                 1945
                      Albert Einstein         Albert Einstein     The United States
  If you say         develops theory        informs President   drops atomic bombs
                        about the
     No               relationship of
                                               Roosevelt of
                                             German atomic
                                                                 on Hiroshima and
                                                                 Nagasaki. Japan
 to Nuclear          mass and energy             research             surrenders
                         Scientific            Collect $450
   Power                                                            Miss 3 turns for
                      advancement            political bounty
 go this way                                                        landing here
                       Collect $400

     Retire                 1911                    1940                   1946
Collect income       Georg von Hevesy         United States      Manhattan Project
 and retire, it is    perceives use of      allowed to mine     replaced by Atomic
                        radioactive         Brazilian uranium
now time to let                                                  Energy Commission
                     tracers in medical         reserves in
  others worry                                                    (AEC). This places
                        diagnostics           exchange for      further research and
about climate        Medical advance              nuclear       development under
  and security          Collect $400          technologies          civilian control
     issues
          1946                    1952                        1957                       1963
 Bikini Atoll sees the        US detonates             Britain tests their       The Jersey Central
United States testing     H-Bomb – 700 times        first thermonuclear           Power and Light
  a Nuclear Bomb.          stronger than the       weapon on Christmas          Company claim they
4 days later the Bikini     Nagasaki bomb                    Island                 can produce
    is seen on the         Receive $450 for         Research earns you           electricity cheaper
 catwalk in France          further research        production income              than a fossil fuel
       Miss a turn                                          of $500                      plant
       Watching

        1947                       1953                                                  1965
                                President                    1957
   The AEC starts                                                                  Nuclear scrap
                          Eisenhowers “Atoms        Santa Susana is the
 investigating how                                                               recycling plant in
                           for Peace” speech       site of the first civilian
nuclear energy can                                                              Apollo, Pennsylvania
                          asks for international     nuclear reactor to
be used for peaceful                                                            notices that 100kg of
                          support in the use of       produce power
     purposes                                                                     uranium 235 has
                           nuclear energy for           Pay $300 as a
  Receive $250 for                                                                  disappeared
                            peaceful means            consumer of the
   Conservation                                                                    Crime remains
                                                         commodity
                                                                                      unsolved

         1948                      1954                                                1966
   Further nuclear            First nuclear                  1957                  Commercial
 testing in the South       submarine, USS         Radiation released in           production of
Pacific results is mass    Nautilus launched       graphite core due to           nuclear power
  production rather       Collect 500 for your       fire at Windscale          becomes a reality in
than hand assembly        research efforts but      Nuclear Reactor in             the US. Plant
for future production        also miss a turn             England               operators and Miners
    Move ahead 5            pondering other         Miss a turn cleaning           win. Receive
        spaces                     uses                 up the mess                 $500 bonus

          1949                                                                           1968
                                  1955                         1960                    Nuclear
   The Soviet Union          Arco in Idaho              France explodes            Nonproliferation
 tests its first atomic     becomes the first      Its first atomic bomb in      Treaty (NPT) signed
       devices.           town to be powered           the Sahara desert          1970 saw over 50
   Miss a turn while       by nuclear energy         Miss a turn while you      countries & 1986 over
  further research is        Pay $350 as a           think about whether        130 countries ratify it
      undertaken            consumer for this         all these weapons           Get $450 as Govt
                              new process                  are needed                  advisor

         1950                                                                              1970
                                   1955                      1961                    The National
 President Truman           Partial meltdown        President Kennedy           Environmental Policy
      orders the          occurs during tests of     tells Americans to         Act is signed and The
development of the          a reactor west of       build fallout shelters        US Environmental
 hydrogen bomb                  Idaho Falls         for fear of a future        Protection Agency is
  receive $500 for        Cause operator error        nuclear attack                     formed
  further research             Miss 3 turns             Miss one turn             Greenies receive
                                                         to build one                      $250
        1973                                               1992                      1995
                                   1934
 Aust. & NZ call for                                President George            Power plant
                          Marie Curie dies of
 the International                                Bush signs the Energy      accident in Japan
                              Leukaemia
Court of Justice to                                Policy Act designed        results in sodium
                           contracted as a
make France cease                                 to aid in the planning       ignition which
                        result of her work with
radioactive fallout                                of future US energy       released fumes &
                               radiation
  tests in Pacific                                  needs - Pay $1000        high temperatures
                         Pay $1000 in funeral
   Pay $1000 in                                         Investment               Miss a turn
                               expenses
    legal fees                                                                      fixing
        1976                     1986                                                1996
    The Resource                                            1993
                         Chernobyl nuclear                                      US operating
 Conservation and                                   Comanche Peak
                          reactor causes a                                  nuclear power plants
   Recovery Act                                   nuclear power plant
                         series of explosions                                     reach 110
protects human and                                 goes online in Glen
                        The worst accident in                                Mining increased to
environmental health                                   Rose, Texas.
                          history, 75 million                                   meet supply
  from hazardous                                  Receive a $50 rebate
                            people were                                        Receive $1000
  waste. Pay $250                                   as a consumer of
                               exposed                                            Christmas
      taxation                                          this facility
                              Miss 5 turns                                          Bonus

         1977                   1985                        1993                     1996
  President Carter       Greenpeace ship             The Energy Dept.           Judge Sylvia
 bans recycling of        Rainbow Warrior             discloses the US        Rambo dismisses
 nuclear fuel from      bombed by French            purposely exposed         lawsuit by those
commercial reactors     Secret Service while        Americans to high       exposed to or injured
 Miss a turn thinking   preparing to protest       levels of radiation in    by radiation from 3
 about protecting       Murorua Atoll blasts.        tests without their    mile Island accident
  the environment       Miss a turn to make           consent. Miss a         Pay $1000 legal
     from waste                repairs                 turn in shock                 fees

         1979                    1988                      1994                      2000
 Human error and          $5.3 Billion US loss        US purchases            John Taylor, British
equipment failure at        absorbed by            Russian uranium for       Nuclear Fuels chief
 Three Mile Island,     investors, consumers          use in power            executive officer
 result in Americas        & taxpayers in         production to avoid it        resigns due to
 worst ever nuclear     closure of Shoreham          being used for          scandal relating to
     accident.          nuclear power plant         weapon creation          fake safety records
    Miss 3 turns            Pay $1000 in              Pay $750 for             at the Sellafield
                                losses                   Uranium                     plant

        1984                     1992                        1994                   2005
    Oak Ridge            Designs are drawn            David Kyd of the       A dangerous leak
    Associated          for the establishment       International Atomic       of radioactive
Universities and the       of standards for       Energy Agency states      nuclear fuel causes
 University of North    nuclear power plant       that 80 nuclear crimes     the closure of the
Carolina link cancer    construction in the US     involving 20 countries         Sellafield
   in workers to             Receive $450           have occurred since     reprocessing plant
     radiation               consultancy               1991. Miss a turn     Miss 2 turns in the
     exposure                    fees                   investigating             Cleanup
          2006
Greenpeace begin
legal action against
 British government
 claiming that their
  consultation into
nuclear energy was
  “legally flawed”

         2007
 Greenpeace win
legal case against
British government
Government begins
 new consultation
 process. Receive
$1000 consultancy
         fees

          2007
  British poll shows
more people oppose
nuclear energy than
 support it (49% to
 44%). If you land
here you must retire
     on NO path
     Advance 3

          2008
       The British
  government state
  plans to back new
 generation nuclear
power stations. If you
 land here you must
  retire on YES path
      Advance 2
     Nuclear Dollars             Nuclear Dollars

$5                     $5   $5                     $5

     Nuclear Dollars             Nuclear Dollars

$5                     $5   $5                     $5

     Nuclear Dollars             Nuclear Dollars

$5                     $5   $5                     $5
  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$10             $10   $10             $10

  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$10             $10   $10             $10

  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$10             $10   $10             $10
  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$20             $20   $20             $20

  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$20             $20   $20             $20

  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$20             $20   $20             $20
  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$50             $50   $50             $50

  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$50             $50   $50             $50

  Nuclear Dollars       Nuclear Dollars

$50             $50   $50             $50
   Nuclear Dollars        Nuclear Dollars

$100            $100   $100            $100

   Nuclear Dollars        Nuclear Dollars

$100            $100   $100            $100

   Nuclear Dollars        Nuclear Dollars

$100            $100   $100            $100
   Nuclear Dollars        Nuclear Dollars

$500            $500   $500            $500

   Nuclear Dollars        Nuclear Dollars

$500            $500   $500            $500

   Nuclear Dollars        Nuclear Dollars

$500            $500   $500            $500
   Nuclear Dollars      Nuclear Dollars

$1000          $1000 $1000         $1000

   Nuclear Dollars      Nuclear Dollars

$1000          $1000 $1000         $1000


   Nuclear Dollars      Nuclear Dollars

$1000          $1000 $1000         $1000

				
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