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CORRUPTION

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					                     STRATEGIES AGAINST CORRUPTION


Corruption is a social phenomenon in a society where it has become a cultural
phenomenon in Indonesia, it self a result of corruption resulted in financial losses to
the state, and society itself. Worldwide eradication of corruption have become priority
number one. The crime of corruption can occur for many reasons both from a system
that is ingrained as well as from people who have a thief character. Various countries
have implemented laws to combat corruption, but why corruption is still rampant?


Indeed in countries and major developing countries corruption is still a focus mainly
on corruption done by the law enforcers themselves. Law enforcement itself is
comprised of police, prosecutors and judges who are public servants to uphold the law
and to the expectations of society in order to create legal certainty in the fabric of
national life.


One of the reasons corruption is still rampant in the fast progress in international trade
and international communication caused the nations of earth easily tempted by the
economic acquisition, compared with the days previously. In the long-term residents
in general expect political competition and a more open economy will reduce
corruption, because both the political and economic competition that is open is more
likely to restrict monopoly arbitrarily. But in the short-term political rivalries and
economic competition will give birth to opportunities for corruption, since both lead
to rapid changes in existing rules. Rapid change in the rules of the game caused such a
competition free for all without any enforcement of existing rules. In general,
corruption occurs due to changes in precise wisdom which has been implemented by
institutions that have been sick so that created an open competition but not a
conspiracy by insiders, the exchange of political concessions and much more for their
own interests


The answer is a strategy initially focused on a corrupt system, not only in humans
who corrupt. In other words, we do not have to think about the corruption of the
human side of illegal immoral and treasonous trust given to him. we must think about
a system that is easily managed with a variety of unlawful activity Lots can be said
about the government and various institutions are also about whether public or private
institution that easily infected by korups


Corruption can be reduced if there is separation of powers of control and balance,
openness, justice system is good and clear definition of roles, responsibilities, and
rules and regulations.


Corruption tends to not be able to flourish in the democratic culture, competition, and
if there is a good control system and places people (employees, customers,
regulators). Have the right to obtain information and the right to file a complaint,
Corruption easily develop if many overlapping regulations and complicated and if the
authority of the officials and can not be controlled.


Corrupt behavior produces a patchwork management and undermine professionalism
in service to society, among other things:


   1. Birth of the product of political decisions high compared with other nations,
       the most outstanding representatives of our people to produce laws and
       regulations most in the world, unfortunately the high political and legal
       product is not intended to improve the state of the nation but as a patchwork of
       cover decay are doing political elite
   2. Corruption causes high-cost economy. Bloated budget in the designation as a
       lubricant in various line; savings that can be lowered as a principle of good
       governance are ignored and construction management of projects and
       opportunities tend to be looted state funds.
   3. The implications of the habit of doing the moral and ethical corruption cause
       low. Forward impulse of conscience clear, honest and responsible attitude
       replaced by purse to enrich their pockets While there are opportunities
From the consequences of corruption in this inflicted by "Robert Klitgaard" in his
book entitled "Completion of Corruption Eradication" mempuyai sniper weapon for
combating corruption is as follows :


   1. There should be a strong leader who has the desire to limit corruption. if there
       are no leaders at the national level, at least the leader of a government
       department systematically break the chain of politics and bureaucracy in
       circumstances that do not support, almost impossible to eradicate corruption
       agenda can be started without a leader with his own consciousness to
       prosperity for people who want to get ahead.
   2. Eradication of corruption must be at the start of what is most easily done
       rather than what should be prioritized, so that there are successes that can be
       shown to reinforce confidence in institutionalizing corruption movement
       wider.
   3. The fight against corruption sistmatis must be part of a broader improvement,
       part of an effort to reorganize the administration of government becomes a
       tool to improve the quality of public services and to promote public
       participation in making public policy. In this case the eradication of corruption
       is not emphasizing its efforts on a general approach, dragging people into the
       green table in the wake institutions more control, more laws, but more
       emphasis on prevention with a focus on reforming the system vulnerable for
       the deviation.


Robert Klitgaard is further emphasized that prevention of corruption by making
changes in the system through a comprehensive approach in the long term is far more
important than the legal approach to pervasive corruption actors individuals.

				
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