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THE VIETNAM WAR HOMEWORK PACKET

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					THE VIETNAM WAR HOMEWORK PACKET                                     NAME/CORE
Extra Challenge Assignments                                       ________________
Friday, April 23:      Overview of the Vietnam War
                       In class: lecture and reading
                       Homework: none

Monday, April 26:      Overview of Vietnam War
                       In class: primary source video
                       Homework: assignment #1

Tuesday, April 27:     Overview of Vietnam War
                       In class: primary source video
                       Homework: assignment #2

Wednesday, April 28:   My Lai Incident
                       In class: prepare for trial simulation
                       Homework: none

Thursday, April 29:    My Lai Incident
                       In class: trial simulation
                       Homework: assignment #3

Friday, April 30:      The Vietnam Experience
                       In class: reading and strategy
                       Homework: none

Monday, May 3:         Media & the Vietnam War
                       In class: carousel
                       Homework: assignment #4

Tuesday, May 4:        Opposition to the Vietnam War
                       In class: notes, video clip, music
                       Homework: assignment #5

Wednesday, May 5:      The 1969 Selective Service Act
                       In class: simulation and reading
                       Homework: none

Thursday, May 6:       Viewpoints on Vietnam
                       In class: perform talk show simulation
                       Homework: study for test

Friday, May 7:         Aftermath of Vietnam
                       In class: lecture and discussion
                       Homework: study for test

Monday May 10 or       Aftermath of Vietnam
Tuesday May 11         In class: lecture and discussion
                       Homework: study for test

Wednesday, May 12:     Review for test
                       In class: review activity and study time
                       Homework: study for test

Thursday, May 13:      TEST ON VIETNAM WAR
Reminder: All assignments that are to be completed on separate sheets should be typed or written neatly then, they should be
stapled to this packet. This packet includes the outside readings needed to complete the assignments below.


Assignment #1: Monday, April 26________ ____________                    ”Early Conflicts in Vietnam”
1. Read section 21.1 (pp. 622-625)
2. Write a conversation between a supporter of Ngo Dinh Diem and a supporter of Ho Chi Minh.
       It should include the following:
             Why your leader is the best choice for Vietnam
             Why the other leader is a horrible choice for Vietnam
             Your opinions on U.S. involvement in Vietnam
3. Requirements:
     Use specific details from the reading to support your conversation. 1 ½ pages total
     Type your assignment and staple it to this packet.




Assignment #2: Tuesday, April 27 _________           ____________             ”Escalation of the War”
1. Read 21.2 (pp. 626-630) and “The Death of a Village” in the packet.
2. Complete the worksheet in the packet. If needed, add additional pages and staple them to this packet.




Assignment #3: Thursday, April 29 ______________                   _         ”The War under Nixon”
   1. Read section 21.4 (pp. 636- 641)
   2. Complete the chart in the packet.
   3. Write a one-page editorial letter that evaluates Nixon’s handling of the Vietnam War.
   4. Requirements:
          Use specific details and facts from the readings as support for both the comments in the
             chart and the editorial.
          Complete the chart.
          Editorial length – one full page and editorial style.
          Type your editorial and staple it to this packet.


Assignment #4: Monday, May 3_________________________”Opposition to the War”
1. Read “Opposition to War: The Antiwar Movement” in the packet.
2. Complete worksheet in the packet.



Assignment #5: Tuesday, May 4                                               “Viewpoints on Vietnam”
1. Read “Viewpoints on Vietnam: 1968 Talk Show Simulation” background reading in packet.
2. Complete “Viewpoints on Vietnam: Preparation for 1968 Talk Show Simulation” worksheet.
3. Requirements:
     If host or guest, type additional requirements and staple them to this packet!
                         Assignment #2: The Escalation of the War
1. Read 21.2 (pp. 626-630) and “The Death of a Village” in the packet.
2. Create 2-3 sentence responses that each person below would have made in an interview on the subjects listed
   below. Include both the impact of each subject on the individual and each person’s thoughts and feelings on each.
   Use specific details from the reading!

U.S. GENERAL WILLIAM WESTMORELAND
OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER




“SEARCH AND DESTROY” MISSIONS




“NEW LIFE HAMLETS”




IMPACT ON THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE




UNITED STATES SOLDIER
OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER




“SEARCH AND DESTROY” MISSIONS
“NEW LIFE HAMLETS”




IMPACT ON THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE




VIETNAMESE REFUGEE
OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER




“SEARCH AND DESTROY” MISSIONS




“NEW LIFE HAMLETS”




IMPACT ON THE VIETNAMESE PEOPLE
                               Assignment #3 - The War under Nixon

   PART A: 1. Read 21.4 (pp. 636-641) in your textbook. Then complete the following chart.

                                          PRESIDENT NIXON’S REPORT CARD

EVENT                                 GRADE                     COMMENTS (justify your grade with specifics)

 “Peace with Honor” &
    “Vietnamization”



 Invasion and Bombing
     of Cambodia




        Kent State




     End of the War



 PART B:
1. On a separate sheet of paper, type a one-page editorial letter which evaluates Nixon’s handling of the Vietnam
    War.
2. Please staple this to this packet.
        Opposition to Vietnam: The Antiwar Movement
                                      (reading for assignment #4)

When the Vietnam War started, only a small percentage of the American population opposed the
war. Those who initially objected to the involvement in Vietnam fell into three broad categories:
people with left-wing political opinions who wanted a North Vietnam victory; pacifists who opposed
all wars; and liberals who believed that the best way of stopping the spread of communism was by
encouraging democratic, rather than authoritarian governments.

The first march to Washington against the war took place in December, 1964. Only 25,000 people
took part but it was still the largest anti-war demonstration in American history.

As the war continued, more and more Americans turned against it. People were particularly upset by
the use of chemical weapons such as napalm and Agent Orange. The decision to introduce
conscription (the draft) for the war increased the level of protest, especially amongst young men. To
keep the support of the articulate and influential members of the middle class, students were not
called up. However, students throughout America still protested what they considered was an attack
on people's right to decide for themselves whether they wanted to
fight for their country.

In 1965, David Miller publicly burnt his draft card (call-up notice)
and was sentenced to two and a half years in prison. His actions
inspired others and throughout America, Anti-Vietnam War groups
organized meetings where large groups of young men burnt their
draft cards. Between 1963 and 1973, 9,118 men were prosecuted
for refusing to be drafted into the army. The most famous of these
was Muhammad Ali, the world heavyweight boxing champion.

Muhammad Ali was one of the many distinguished black figures who protested against the war.
                    There were several reasons why blacks and other ethnic minorities felt so strongly
                    about Vietnam. One reason involved the expense of the war. By 1968, the
                    Vietnam War was costing 66 million dollars a day. As a result, President Lyndon B.
                    Johnson increased income taxes and cut back on his program to deal with
                    poverty. The blacks, who suffered from poverty more than most other groups in
                    America, were understandably upset by this decision. Martin Luther King, the Civil
                    Rights leader, argued: "that America would never invest the necessary funds or
energies in rehabilitation of its poor as long as Vietnam continued to draw men and skills and money
like some demonic, destructive suction tube."

Other Civil Rights leaders pointed out that because of the draft deferment enjoyed by college
students it was the poor who were more likely to be sent to Vietnam. What is more, as Eldridge
Cleaver, a Civil Rights activist pointed out, in many southern states of America, blacks were being
denied the right to vote in elections. Therefore, blacks were fighting in Vietnam "for something they
don't have for themselves." As another black leader put it: "If a black man is going to fight anywhere,
he ought to be fighting in Mississippi" and other parts of America.

This advice was taken and in the late 1960s, several cities in the United States suffered violent riots in
black ghettos. Anti-Vietnam War leaders began to claim that if the government did not withdraw
from the war they might need the troops to stop a revolution taking place in America.

Demonstrations against the war steadily increased in size during the late 1960s. In New York, over a
million people took part in one demonstration. The public opinion polls showed that a narrow majority
of the people still supported US involvement in Vietnam. However, the polls also indicated that much
of this support came from middle class families whose own sons were not at risk.

President Lyndon B. Johnson knew that if the war continued, he would eventually be forced to start
drafting college students. When that happened he would have great difficulty obtaining majority
support for the war. Johnson decided not to run for re-election.

The most dramatic opposition to the war came from the soldiers themselves. Between 1960 and 1973,
503,926 members of the US armed forces deserted. Many soldiers began to question the morality of
the war once they began fighting in Vietnam. One soldier, Keith Franklin, wrote a letter that was only
to be opened on his death. He was killed on May 12, 1970: "If you are reading this letter, you will
never see me again, the reason being that if you are reading this I have died. The question is whether
or not my death has been in vain. The answer is yes. The war that has taken my life and many
thousands before me is immoral, unlawful and an atrocity... I had no choice as to my fate. It was
predetermined by the war-mongering hypocrites in Washington. As I lie dead, please grant my last
request. Help me inform the American people, the silent majority who have not yet voiced their
opinions."

In 1967, Vietnam Veterans Against the War was formed.
They demonstrated all over America. Many of them were
in wheelchairs or on crutches. People watched on
television as Vietnam heroes threw away the medals they
had won fighting in the war. One shouted: "Here's my merit
badges for murder." Another apologized to the
Vietnamese people and claimed that: "I hope that
someday I can return to Vietnam and help to rebuild that
country we tore apart."

In January 1968, North Vietnam launched the Tet Offensive. Americans were able to watch on
television as over 100 cities and even the U.S. Embassy in Saigon were attacked by the Viet Cong.
Although the United States declared a military victory, it became obvious to many Americans that
the Viet Cong were not going to give up easily. This caused further opposition to the war.

                         Richard Nixon, elected in 1968 after Johnson decided not to run again,
                         promised to “Vietnamize” the war. In other words, the South Vietnamese
                         would eventually have to do their own fighting. However, despite his
                         promises, he decided to expand the war with the bombing of Cambodia in
                         1970. This sparked heated student protests, including the one at Kent State
                         where four students were killed by National Guardsmen trying to stop the
                         demonstrations.

Many historians agree that the massive opposition to the United States involvement in the Vietnam
War was a considerable factor in losing the war. Without the public to support the war, the war was
simply unwinnable.
Assignment #4 — Opposition to Vietnam
Key Word Note-taking

Directions:
     1. For EVERY TWO paragraphs in your reading, write down 3-5 key words or phrases to help you
        understand or remember the main ideas.
     2. Using these words to assist you, write a short (3-5 sentences) summary of your reading.

Paragraph Key Words and Phrases:

1.                                                     2.



3.                                                     4.



5.                                                     6.



7.                                                     Extra




Summary of Reading:

__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                           Assignment #4 Continued
1. Think about the antiwar movement. Create two antiwar posters based upon reasons that people were against the war.
2. Requirements: The posters must cover different topics and include specific details from the readings. The posters should include BOTH pictures and words!
   Make them look professional because they need to be persuasive.
Viewpoints on Vietnam: 1968 Talk Show Simulation
                                      (Reading for assignment #5)

It is 1968. The United States has been fighting in Vietnam for over four years. As the war goes on, it
becomes more and more controversial in the United States. Although many people still believe it is
our duty and right to try and contain communism and bring freedom to South Vietnam, there are
many other people who believe our involvement in the war is wrong and needs to end.

Viewpoints on Vietnam:

1. Students (against the war)
Many high school and college students believed that the war was unjustified and illegal. The people
of Vietnam should be able to choose their own government. Students oftentimes agreed with the
philosophies of communism and supported Ho Chi Minh over their own President. Students held
antiwar demonstrations, created student organizations (SDS), and occupied college campuses to
make their points.

2. Draft Dodgers (against the war)
Draft dodgers believed that the draft process discriminated against the poor and minority as people
with enough money could always avoid the draft (i.e. go to college). They also believed that people
shouldn’t be forced to fight and held some of the same beliefs as hippies and students. To protest
they burned draft cards, moved to Canada, and used methods such as purposefully failing a
physical to get out of the draft.

3. Vietnam Veterans (against the war)
Some veterans who returned home after a tour of duty in Vietnam ended up protesting the war
because of their experience in Vietnam. Some veterans were injured or dependent on drugs
because of Vietnam. Others felt that they were forced to fight in a war that wasn’t our business.
Most felt the war was barbaric and cruel to all sides. These veterans spoke at antiwar
demonstrations, participated in parades, and testified before Congress.

4. Hippies (against the war)
Hippies did not hold strong political beliefs. Rather, hippies preferred to celebrate life rather than
argue about the war. They believed in free love, free food, and above all peace. Because they
were such strong pacifists, hippies were against the war. Their rallies were not about government
policies, however, but celebrations of peace and music.

5. Politicians (for the war)
Many political leaders supported the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War. During the Cold
War there was the overriding belief that we must help contain Communism. As the war dragged on it
was difficult for politicians to admit failure and they were determined to see the war out. Politicians
did not like the younger generation protesting policies and actions they obviously knew nothing
about. Politicians made speeches and did interviews to publicize their war aims.

6. Patriotic Americans (for the war)
Although the war grew increasingly more unpopular, there was a large segment of the population
who believed it was their duty to support the decisions and the actions of the United States. Some of
these Americans were also veterans, either of Vietnam or an earlier war. Patriotic Americans
believed that people who protested against the war were disloyal. Americans were lucky enough to
enjoy freedom; therefore they must protect it and help others achieve the same. Patriotic Americans
demonstrated their beliefs by holding their own protests against antiwar demonstrators and by joining
the military.
Assignment #5 — Viewpoints on Vietnam: Preparation for 1968 Talk Show Simulation
Directions: Read “Viewpoints on Vietnam. Then ALL students must complete the chart to prepare for the simulation. Students playing
extra challenge roles should see “EXTRA CHALLENGE ROLE ASSIGNMENTS” below.

GROUP                 VIEWPOINT & REASONS                  ACTIONS TAKEN                       TWO QUESTIONS TO ASK
Students                                                                                       1.

                                                                                               2.
Draft Dodgers                                                                                  1.

                                                                                               2.
Vietnam Veterans                                                                               1.

                                                                                               2.
Hippies                                                                                        1.

                                                                                               2.
Politicians                                                                                    1.

                                                                                               2.
Patriotic Americans                                                                            1.

                                                                                               2.

EXTRA CHALLENGE ROLE ASSIGNMENTS
TALK SHOW HOST:
   1. Name your show.
   2. Write an introduction to introduce the show and your guests.
   3. Write additional questions for all guests in case you need them.
   4. Write a closing for the show.
   5. Dress the part of a talk show host!

GUESTS:
  1. Give yourself a name and tell it to the host beforehand.
  2. Read about your beliefs in your assigned reading.
  3. Write a 3-4 minute speech that explains your viewpoint on the war and what actions you want people to do about the war.
      Include quotes from the reading and attacks on the opposite viewpoint.
  4. Gather any costumes, props, etc. that will help you look and act your part.

				
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