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The Cardozo LLM Sidebar - The Cardozo LL

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					     The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar    The Newsletter of the Graduate Program of the
                             Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law  Issue 11 (Fall 2005)




Message From The Director
In last fall’s edition of The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar, we announced the
establishment of a new LL.M. degree – the LL.M. in Comparative Legal Thought. I
am now pleased to report further on one aspect of that program that has developed
in the past year – Cardozo’s Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies.
Students in the Comparative Legal Thought LL.M. program may choose to pursue
a concentration in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies as part of their
graduate program curriculum.

The Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies was founded under the direction of Cardozo
Professor Suzanne Last Stone, a renowned expert in Jewish legal thought and contemporary legal
theory. This program recognizes and embraces the interest in the Jewish religion and religious
studies more generally as emerging critical subjects in the legal academy. Indeed, there is a new
appreciation of the riches that diverse legal, ethical, and religious traditions contribute to modern
thought and of the importance of religion and law in global politics. In this new intellectual and political
climate, constitutional law, political, and legal theorists are increasingly turning to Jewish law and its
philosophical and religious underpinnings as a valuable resource for thinking about the idea of law,
and its aims, aspirations, and horizons.

Cardozo’s Program in Jewish law and Interdisciplinary Studies brings together scholars of varied legal
traditions and fields, creating cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary dialogues that contribute a distinctly
Jewish legal perspective on issues in law and culture. The program offers a wealth of courses in
Jewish law ranging from traditional offerings -- such as Introduction to Jewish Law and Advanced
Jewish Law -- to the more esoteric, including, in recent semesters, Authority in Jewish Law, Jewish
Law and the Irrational, Justice and Judaism, The Jewish Political Tradition, Jewish Law and American
Legal Theory, and Jewish Law and Contemporary Legal Issues. These are supplemented by a
multitude of courses in legal theory and humanities-based study.

Complementing the curriculum are a range of academic conferences, public colloquia, workshops,
and other events that capitalize on Cardozo’s long-standing and well-deserved reputation as a center
for serious intellectual discourse on Jewish law, religion, and legal theory.

All LL.M. students at Cardozo are welcome to participate in the activities of the Program in Jewish
Law and Interdisciplinary Studies – whether as an LL.M. student in the Comparative Legal Thought
program or as a student with a primary interest in other areas of law who would like to enrich his or
her studies by probing these issues of pressing current concern. For more information about this
program, please visit http://www.cardozo.yu.edu/jlis/.
                                                                 Toni M. Fine

                                                                 Director, Graduate and
                                                                 International Programs
Inside This Issue:                                      Club officers this year are President Maria
 Message from the Graduate Law Society                 Fernanda (MaFe) Gallo (Colombia), Vice
 Revised Alumni Directory Coming Soon                  President Guillermo Nolivos (Venezuela),
 LL.M. Orientation: A Week to Remember                 Treasurer Rodrigo Oviedo (Venezuela), SBA
 Professor Bernhard Schlink on the German              Senator Fahrid Sedaghat-Pour
  Elections                                             (U.S./Israel/Iran), and me as Secretary. A very
 Visit to Nigeria: A Conversation with the             special thanks to former President Sharon
  Director of Graduate and International                Herman, who decided to step down from office
  Programs                                              this semester.
 LL.M. Students Join Faculty Lunch Series
 Cardozo Professors and the Supreme Court              The GLS met with the incoming LL.M. class
 Comedy Club Night                                     during their first week in school at the traditional
 An Object Lesson                                      fall semester cruise, then at Il Cantinero for the
 Public Service Auction                                first “official” happy hour of the year. We
 Alumni Column                                         watched the first movie of the year, My Cousin
 New LL.M. Students: The Largest Class Ever            Vinny, while munching on snacks. On
 Student News                                          September 15, Toni Fine made it possible to
 A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear               host Judge Sidney Stein who spoke about “The
 Commencement 2005                                     Rise & Fall of the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines.”
 Alumni News                                           The talk was followed by an informal reception
  And More.                                             in Room 1008. We had another happy hour
                                                        event at Bar 13. Kelly Slavitt, a Cardozo LL.M.
                                                        alum, very nicely accepted an invitation to
Message from the Graduate Law Society                   discuss job search techniques with students
Marie-Andree Weiss (France)                             during an informal brown bag lunch.
Note from the Editor: Congratulations and               All these events are a welcome relief from the
thanks to all the Graduate Law Society officers -       routine of classes and reading assignments.
- past and present – for their service on behalf        New LL.M. students, often new to New York or
of the entire LL.M. community.                          even new to the United States, can get a
                                                        chance to meet other students that may or may
Cardozo School of Law has many clubs.                   not be taking the same classes.
Membership in one is not required, but it is a
very interesting experience, especially for the         The school allots a budget to every club, and
foreign LL.M. students who thus have a chance           the elected officers are in charge of spending it
to participate in a truly American tradition. A         for the benefit of all members. We are always
club fair took place early in September on the          looking for opportunities to organize events with
third floor lounge, and each club had a table,          the other clubs in the future. Thanks to Rob
luring prospective members with cookies and             Doerfler’s design work, the GLS may soon have
promises of fun activities.                             its own t-shirts for members to wear proudly
                                                        around campus.
LL.M. students have their own club, although
J.D. students are more than welcome to join. Its        Revised Alumni Directory Coming Soon!
name, the Graduate Law Society may induce               The Office of Graduate and International
images of wood paneled libraries and musty              Programs is currently updating its alumni
encyclopedias. Students meet every month at             database. There are now more than 300
6.00 p.m. sharp to discuss obscure points of            graduates of Cardozo's LL.M. program, which
law. Right? Wrong! Free pizza, free movies and          calls for new ways of making sure that all
where to find the best happy hour near the              alumni can stay in touch as easily as possible.
school are the matters of pressing concern.             However, we do not have any current contact
                                                        information for the following people:



                                                    2
     David Brodie                 2000                  system as well as all the fun and social aspects
     Deborah Drimmer              2001                  that accompany the program.
     Marijke van Ekris            2001                  During the classes, it was interesting to see the
     Russell Kaiser               2002                  difference in cultures and legal backgrounds as
     Athina Karamanlis            2001                  they presented themselves during the many
     Tamima Klat                  2001                  discussions with respect to the U.S. legal
     Anelys Koster Garcia         2000                  system. Those first two days, during classes,
     Adam von Kreuzhof            2002                  the foundations for friendships were laid and
     James Lovensheimer           2001                  drinks in the evenings as well as lunches
     Shoji Otani                  2000                  together followed.
     Raviprasad Pisupati          2000
                                                        Wednesday we had our official orientation day,
     Jesus Jesie Sanez            2001
                                                        starting off with a nice breakfast in the lobby,
                                                        followed by various introductory talks pertaining
If you are in touch with any of the “missing”
                                                        to the different services for students provided
alumni, please help us by sending an e-mail
                                                        by Cardozo. After a big lunch together with the
with their contact information to
                                                        incoming J.D. students, we hopped onto classic
cardozo_llm_alumni@gmx.net.
                                                        yellow school buses and headed for the pier.
                                                        There a nice tour boat awaited us with free
Also, we ask all of you to send us an e-mail with
                                                        drinks (!) and music, to show us New York in a
your own current information. Later this year an
                                                        way we had not yet seen. The weather was
updated LL.M. Alumni Directory will be
                                                        amazing, the atmosphere absolutely wonderful,
distributed to all alumni for whom we have
                                                        and it turned out to be a great opportunity to get
current contact information.
                                                        to know each other better, outside the setting of
                                                        the law school. That evening, a bunch of us
LL.M. Orientation: A Week to Remember
                                                        decided spontaneously to continue the party on
Daniella Rudy (U.S./Netherlands) and
                                                        Ben’s [Benedikt-Kim Biernath’s] rooftop, where
Roi Tavor (Switzerland)
                                                        we watched the sun set and enjoyed cold beers
                                                        while looking at the view!
         As we stood there, looking around for
         any familiar faces or someone to
                                                        On Friday, a large group of the LL.M. students
         cling to, we stumbled into the
                                                        walked to a cool pizza place near the law
classroom that was filled with a mixture of
                                                        school, where we all had lunch together. After
excitement and a hint of nervousness. For
                                                        a great week, with a lot of knowledge on the
many of us this was the first time back in a
                                                        U.S. legal system and a bunch of new friends,
classroom after a long time of work experience.
                                                        we started the first weekend with a happy hour
Some of us had never lived in New York City
                                                        rooftop party at Rodolfo’s [Rodolfo Vejar’s]
before.
                                                        house! Everyone brought something to drink
                                                        and to eat, and we all agreed that being in
On that Monday, about 40 people from all over
                                                        school again really isn’t that bad…! One week
the world, who had never laid eyes on each
                                                        had passed, and it felt like a lifetime… like we
other, were to embark on a yearlong journey
                                                        had known each other for much longer than that
that is called the Cardozo LL.M. program.
                                                        and we couldn’t imagine being anywhere else
Classes started with food and drinks, which
                                                        but at Cardozo.
always gets people into a good mood and
managed to break the initial ice among the
students and with the professor, Toni Fine --
whom we immediately felt comfortable with and
from that point onwards would take us under
her wing and familiarize us with the U.S. legal




                                                    3
The Recent Parliamentary Elections in                      new government and what he thinks will
Germany: A Talk by Prof. Dr. Bernhard                      happen in the future on the German political
Schlink                                                    stage. These insights into German politics and
Daniel Zohny (Germany)                                     some of its legal boundaries were very
By (intentionally) failing a vote of confidence in         interesting for the, in most part non-German,
parliament, the German chancellor opened the               audience. It is a fortunate occurrence for
door for early parliamentary elections in                  Cardozo’s LL.M. community that an expert and
Germany this last September. The outcome                   connoisseur of the German political landscape
took many, if not to say most, people by                   as distinguished as Prof. Schlink is teaching
surprise, as the CDU/CSU (the Christian                    here this semester and was willing to share
Democrats – Germany’s major “conservative”                 some of his impressions of the elections with
party -- was able to secure only a very narrow             us.
majority. The other major party, the SPD
(Social Democrats), had been destined with a               LL.M. Students Join Faculty Lunch Series
colossal defeat, but managed to clinch a result            As usual, graduate students are warmly
that probably will enable it to be part of the new         welcomed to join the Burns Faculty Lunch
governing coalition, although most likely without          Speaker Series. This semester, guest
its figurehead, Gerhard Schroeder, as                      speakers included Sam Bagenstos
Chancellor.                                                (Washington University), Lior Barshack
                                                           (Herzliya Radzyner School of Law), Michael
The surprising and somewhat confusing                      Bratman (Stanford University), Patrick Macklem
outcome of the elections was a great                       (University of Toronto), Chris Sanchirico
opportunity to introduce to Cardozo’s LL.M.                (University of Pennsylvania), Manfred
students one of the great German Professors of             Schneider (University of Essen), Jane Stapleton
constitutional law: Prof. Dr. Bernhard Schlink.            (University of Texas), and Brian Tamanaha (St.
Besides being a professor most probably                    John’s University).
known to every single German law student -- I
can’t imagine anybody who studied law in                   Professor Takenaka Visits Cardozo
Germany that did not come across his textbook              During the spring 2005 semester, Professor
on the basic rights of the constitution -- Mr.             Toshiko Takenaka visited Cardozo and met
Schlink was an advisor to Germany’s last                   both formally and informally with students.
government and acted as its counsel before the             Professor Takenaka spoke about The Extent of
Bundesverfassungsgericht, the German                       Patent Protection in the United States,
Constitutional Court. He is one of the foremost            Germany and Japan: Analysis of Two Types of
German experts in the field of constitutional law          Equivalents and their Patent Policy
and therefore was the perfect speaker on the               Implications. She also graciously agreed to
topic. Additionally Prof. Schlink is the author of         meet a number of LL.M. students for dinner at
several bestselling novels, of which The                   an Italian restaurant in the West Village.
Reader, Self Punishment, and the short stories
Flights of Love have been translated into                  Professor Takenaka is Director of the Center of
English.                                                   Advanced Study & Research on Intellectual
                                                           Property as well as Associate Director,
Prof. Schlink explained in a very coherent way             Intellectual Property Law and Policy LL.M.
the political and legal implications that led to the       Program at the University of Washington, where
early elections and the implications that the              she serves as the Hunter Simpson Professor of
politicians had to deal with since election day.           Law. She has also been affiliated with Waseda
He especially explained the procedure of a vote            University and the Max-Planck-Institute in
of no confidence, its history and the lawsuit              Munich.
challenging its application with respect to this
year’s early elections. Moreover he discussed
the current problems with regards to forming a


                                                       4
Cardozo Professors as Supreme                             Professor Herz explored other aspects of the
Court Clerks                                              clerkship experience. He observed that,
                A number of Cardozo law school            despite what many of us may think, the Justices
                professors have served as                 themselves do not have a lot of personal
                clerks on the United States               interaction about their work; that the Supreme
                Supreme Court. On September               Court is largely a culture of memoranda rather
                28, Richard Bierschbach, Marci            than personal visits or even phone calls.
Hamilton, Michael Herz, and Monroe Price                  Professor Herz also discussed a memorable
gathered to discuss with students their                   case from his time at the Court in which Justice
experiences at the High Court. Professors                 White ordered the stay of an execution that was
Bierschbach and Hamilton clerked for Justice              about to take place in less than an hour.
Sandra Day O'Connor; Professor Herz clerked               Professor Herz also recalled playing basketball
for Justice Byron White; and Professor Price              in the gym directly about the Supreme Court's
clerked for Justice Potter Stewart. The session,          courtroom -- known as "the highest court in the
which took place in a packed moot court room,             land."
gave a rare glimpse into the life of a law clerk --
and into the justices themselves.                         Professor Price spoke about some of the
                                                          differences he has noticed between how the
Professor Bierschbach led off the dialogue by             Court operates today and how it functioned
discussing some of the kinds of projects that             when he clerked for Justice Stewart. In those
clerks work on. These include writing certiorari          days, each justice had only two clerks -- now
memoranda that are used by the justices in                each associate justice is entitled to four clerks.
determining whether to grant a motion for a writ          During Professor Price's time at the Court, there
of certiorari; preparing bench memoranda;                 were very few death penalty appeals. He also
drafting opinions; being available to help with           posited that the opinions themselves were very
review of last minute appeals by death row                different, and had more of a journalistic or
inmates; and drafting speeches. Justice                   pragmatic focus than they do today. They were
O'Connor often would provide a break from                 also much shorter and much more subtle than
work assignments by summoning her clerks for              most opinions from more recent terms.
an outing to one of Washington, D.C.'s many
tourist attractions.                                      All told, this session was an excellent
                                                          opportunity for Cardozo students to get a
Professor Hamilton focused on the level of                glimpse into the life of one of the most exciting
professionalism that she observed when                    jobs any lawyer could hope for. Although
working on the Court, including Justice                   Professor Bierschbach said that clerking is not
O'Connor's ever-gracious presence. Professor              really the lawyer equivalent of being a rock star,
Hamilton also reflected on the fact that although         Cardozo’s former Supreme Court clerks seem
clerks form an important part of a justice's team,        to us to come pretty close to rock star status!
each justice is very much in control of his or her
own work. She also discussed the very                     Comedy Club Night
different styles of some of the justices, for             Rob Doerfler (U.S.)
example Justice Stevens's penchant for
footnotes; Justice Scalia's tendency to spar with         Note from the Editor: Thanks to Rob Doefler,
his law clerk's about the issues before the               Gotham Club’s own host extraordinaire, for
Court; Justice Souter's tendency to research              organizing the event and arranging to get the
and draft (by hand) opinions by himself; and              cover charge waived.
Chief Justice Rehnquist's terse writing style,
with which he nevertheless managed to                     A rabbi, a priest and a minister were walking
essentially decide the next five related issues           down the street… Such is the start of many
that would come before the Court.                         jokes. Far from being cliché, Gotham Comedy
                                                          Club entertained the Graduate Law Society on


                                                      5
Tuesday, October 11, with a small battery of            administrative mechanisms and economic
professional comics. The show was an All-Star           resources that the state owns. For this reason,
line up, including Drew Fraser, Lenny Marcus            a more substantial state interference is
and Michael Somerville with Jon Fisch hosting           necessary.
as the emcee. USA Today named Gotham
Comedy Club one of the “Top 10 Places to                The concept should be that state cannot
Watch Stand-up Comedy” in the country, and it           abandon its fundamental responsibility towards
was Manhattan’s only club to make the list.             its people’s basic welfare. It must provide
                                                        certain amounts of food, health, housing,
Approximately 25 LL.M. students and their               education and social care. This legal and moral
friends came to see the show. The club                  duty derives from the fact that the people
graciously waived the cover charge for the              agreed to assign their state with sovereign
group and was pleased to have the Graduate              power and have agreed to follow its rules.
Law Society back again this year. It was a              Obviously, they expect something in return.
great night to put down the books, laugh,
socialize with colleagues and to have a good            Indeed, the exact portion of the state’s
time.                                                   involvement is a matter of ideology and political
Calling For Interference                                priorities. However, there is a minimum
Alon Margalit (Israel)                                  standard that must be defined and guaranteed.
Hurricane Katrina overwhelmed us all with the           In Israel, for instance, the Supreme Court
dimensions of disaster. Still, one may find             recently ordered the Israeli government to
some comfort, looking at the massive relief             articulate the minimum standard of “life in
response. The immediate humanitarian                    dignity” and to specify its content. The issue is
gestures warmed the hearts. Also at Cardozo,            still pending, but the basic idea is clear -- the
                                                        state is obliged to take care of its people.
students made donations to help and ease the
                                                        Accordingly, they have a fundamental right to
growing pain in New Orleans and other areas
affected.                                               be taken care of.

These initiatives put the American                      The above is also valid for a laissez-faire
government’s late and hesitant reaction to the          climate, or where one seeks to restrain state’s
disaster in the shadow. However, they also              interference. The state should determine and
raise some disturbing questions: Can we really          adopt a minimum welfare standard. This
count on volunteer activities, instead of on            binding standard would definitely allow its
organized state actions? Can we allow                   people to buy a bus ticket, when danger comes
spontaneous local initiatives to be more                close.
dominant and reliable than state operations?
Can aid groups effectively substitute state             An Object Lesson
institutions in “normal” times and in cases of          Joseph M. Forgione (U.S.)
emergency?
                                                        Note from the Editor: A special thanks to
The reports that followed Katrina leave us with         Professor Eric Rayman for helping to organize
a sad and annoying answer. Most of hurricane’s          this visit.
gravest victims were poor people. They did not
own cars, nor could afford bus tickets to get out       Possessions can be defining: Fred Astaire
of New Orleans. Though everyone knew -- at              carefully timed his steps to the tick of a curved
least 2-3 days in advance -- that Katrina would         Cartier Tank wristwatch, Coco Chanel used
hit, the poor people were left behind.                  platinum and diamonds to accent her star-
                                                        studded Étoile brooch, and Walt Disney kept
Unfortunately, this extreme event proves that           wads of money safe in his Cartier money clip
volunteer spirit and good will are not enough.          made of gold and enamel. Law students, on
Aid organizations lack the executive power,             the other hand, have the Bluebook, which is not


                                                    6
exactly as luxurious as the gold and steel              institutions (working for judges, attorneys and
Hermès pocket watch regularly polished by the           non-profit agencies).
fabulous Marlene Dietrich. That is, unless you
decide to smarten up your style manual with a           I must confess, however, that what brought me
few Swarovski crystals.                                 to school that evening was not an impulsive
                                                        desire to help my current students to follow their
Recently, domestic and international students           dreams, but purely selfish determination of
from the LL.M. program at Cardozo School of             getting something special for myself as a
Law had the opportunity to put their books              reward for studying hard in the past months. Of
aside -- gilded or not -- and marvel at the             course, somewhere in the back of my head I
timeless objects gathered together at the               had a thought that if it helps other people, that
Forbes Galleries in New York City. Located on           would make it even better.
the ground floor of the Forbes Building on Fifth        As I walked into the main hall where the auction
Avenue, the Forbes Galleries lay claim not only         was taking place, I saw rows of tables arranged
to rare presidential memorabilia and historical         without any specific order, and people listening
documents, but also a huge collection of toy            to a live band. The hall was really crowded;
soldiers and antique boats. The Galleries also          people were walking around, searching for
hold a number of prizes meticulously arranged           interesting items and placing their bids. I
in a grand trophy room and retain possession of         noticed many of my LL.M. colleagues gathered
the original Monopoly game, created even                by one of the tables, and soon I discovered that
before Parker Brothers marketed it to the larger        it was the table offering Prof. Toni Fine’s home-
public. The Forbes Galleries are currently in           cooked dinner.
partnership with the National Jewelry Institute
(NJI) to present Treasures of the Titans: 1900-         The idea of silent auction was completely new
1950, an exhibition of nearly 100 enduring              and strange for me. Each bidder was supposed
objects on view through December 31, 2005.              to write his or her name, phone number and
The four major themes in the exhibition --              amount of their bid on a special list presented
Government & Royalty, Arts & Society, Sports            for each item. An auction catalog as well as the
& Entertainment, and Industry & Finance --              tables presented a wide range of goods and
focus on the successes of a small group of              services.
notables along with their individual pursuit and
appreciation of the perfect object. The second           Wynton Marsalis donated an autographed CD,
half of the exhibition, Treasures of the Titans:        and Eve Elsner gave the original card from her
1950-2000, will be on view at the Forbes                show, also autographed. For a moment, I was
Galleries in the spring of 2006. For more               torn between getting four private tango lessons
information about visiting the Forbes Galleries,        with Jeffrey and Beverly Blustein (my wedding
call (212) 206-5548 or visit forbesgalleries.com.       was in a couple of months, and the tango option
                                                        was at that point very tempting), or a prize of
And remember to leave your Bluebook at home.            one month unlimited “Bikram yoga” (still with my
                                                        wedding in mind). Ultimately, I decided that
Public Service Auction                                  what I really wanted was a vegetarian home
Ewa (Domagala) Bridges (Poland)                         cooked dinner with Professor Toni Fine, with
I had no idea how great the idea of the Public          her “famous” cheesecake for dessert.
Interest Goods & Services Auction was until I
actually participated in one during my last             The offer was so attractive (I think only the Bar
spring semester. This (13th) annual auction was         Bri course draw similar attention) that by the
held in our school on April 13, 2005, and was3          time I decided to place my name on the list, the
organized by the Public Interest Law Students           first page was already filled with names and
Association. Its goal was to help students take         bids. Some of my friends were forming
unpaid summer jobs in public interest                   coalitions in order to win this prize. I looked
                                                        around and noticed Francesco [Bellman (Italy)]


                                                    7
and Daniel [Zohny (Germany)] standing still and         From a Different Perspective…
observing the card, as well as Erica [(Ellis            Shinji Niioka (2005 Germany (Japan))
(U.S.)] and Sharon [Herman (U.K./
Nerherlands)] discussing their bidding strategy.                      After my graduation from the LL.M.
I tried to form my own coalition by calling my                        program in intellectual property
girlfriends, but none of them answered. A few                     (IP) law in January 2005 and having
minutes later, I ran into another friend of mine-                   successfully survived the NY bar
Rob [Doerfler (U.S.)], who after a short                            exam at the end of February 2005, I
conversation pulled me aside and whispered:             received the one-time opportunity to get insight
“Whatever you put, I’ll match you. Keep an eye          to the operational and academic world of
on it.” Encouraged, I put our names on the list         Cardozo: I was accepted as the Research
with a bid giving us a safe winning position. It        Assistant (RA) to Professor Justin Hughes,
seemed that everything would go according to            Director of the Intellectual Property Program,
our expectations from then on, but surprisingly,        and to Toni Fine, Director of the LL.M. program.
just 20 minutes before the end of bidding time,         Being an RA is fun, especially for a person like
another LL.M. student, appeared. He quickly             me who studied and practiced law but never
approached the table and placed his name on             had the opportunity to see law schools and
the list with a much higher bid than mine.              professors from a perspective other than as a
Afterwards, he pulled out his cell-phone and            student. Of course, you struggle with
talked in Russian for several minutes. When             administrative and daily issues as you do in
he finished he turned to me, gave me his most           every job but you have tremendous
confident smile and stated: “I want this dinner,”       advantages, and as a special amusement, you
and immediately added: “I have no limits.”              can eat chocolates or cookies after you have
Right there and then, I knew the situation would        scanned their labels for the trademark
not be easy. We kept putting higher and higher          classes… However, you have to be careful
bids: me and Max [Zaslavsky (Russia)], and              since some of them looked good but were too
again, me and Max. People around were                   old to eat.
cheering us out loud. Finally, there were only 3
minutes left. Rob, who was bidding on                   The first and huge advantage I would like to
something else at the other end of the room,            mention is that you can deepen your existing
waved to me and yelled: “Keep bidding”. So I            knowledge and expand it new legal issues. For
did. There was only one minute left, a man with         instance, I was asked to research the impact of
a speaker was getting ready to end the bids,            U.S. discovery rules on settlements. I have
when, with all possible concentration, I put the        especially enjoyed the opportunity to research
last bid and …WE WON! Hurrah!!! On my way               copyright laws and cases from many different
back home my great LL.M. friend Lorena                  countries -- sometimes I have difficulties
[Vicens-Cameron (Spain)] called saying: “Ewa,           separating them. A highlight was the task to
I got all your messages, and I am 100 percent           analyze the Japanese, German, Australian and
with you.”                                              Canadian cases equivalent to the U.S. Napster,
                                                        Aimster and Grokster cases. After having read
We all sometimes feel lonely in New York. That          and analyzed the cases, you recognize that --
day I went to the auction to bring my mood up.          despite all the mental and cultural differences--
Two hours later I had a perspective of having a         you find common sense throughout the
nice homemade dinner with one of my favorite            opinions of all countries.
professors and my friend Rob. Not only that,
but during these two hours of auction, we had           Certainly, another big advantage is that you get
real fun. And I knew I could always count on my         to meet a lot of people. As an RA, I have been
friends. It was a great, exciting experience.           involved in organizing conferences, speeches,
Priceless.                                              and symposia involving numerous professors,
                                                        government officials, practicing attorneys, and
                                                        in-house counsel. I have had the opportunity to


                                                    8
personally speak to WIPO, UN, and USPTO                    the salary is paid by, or on behalf of, an
officials, professors in diverse fields and from all       employer who is not resident in the
over the world, and partners and associates                Netherlands; and the salary is not borne by a
from small to big law firms. Furthermore, I met            permanent establishment which the employer
numerous J.D. and LL.M. students, and every                has in the Netherlands. This rule is not
time I meet new faces, I am very impressed by              applicable if the income is paid by, or on behalf
their motivation as well as their personal and             of, a Dutch resident employer, in which case,
professional achievements.                                 the Netherlands will have the right to tax the
                                                           income concerned. Employees working in the
The bottom line is that being a RA is an                   Netherlands through a foreign employment
excellent opportunity to gain very insightful,             agency and hired out to a Dutch employer are
fruitful and valuable experiences not only                 liable to tax in the Netherlands from first day of
professionally but also personally. You also               services in the Netherlands.
have nice “side-effects,” for example, you learn
about wine labels and can make a sound                     Information technology accelerates
choice when you next order wine at a                       globalization. Its conduit, the Internet, cuts
restaurant!                                                across the frontiers of nations and states.
                                                           Conducting business in this age requires new
Individual Tax Liabilities vis-à-vis Global                sets of skills and very often, new laws or
Corporations                                               amendments to existing laws. Inadequate
Belinda Enoma (U.K./Nigeria)                               knowledge of tax laws can cause severe tax
Citizenship: Jus Solis and Jus Sanguinis                   liabilities, debt, and in some cases rejections of
ascribe certain inalienable rights to the                  fantastic job offers. Here is the case of Ms.
individual. Thomas Hobbes, in his magnum                   Boots, a citizen of Great Britain. Although she
opus, Leviathan, posits the groundwork of the              benefited from the tax laws, they also created
Social Contract: “The individual gives up some             individual liabilities. As a resident in the
rights and ascribes them to the government in              Netherlands, hired out as an Information
the furtherance of peace and security, who in              Technology consultant by a British company in
turn regulate the affairs of state from the power          England to work for a US corporation in
invested in it by the individual or group.” The            Denmark, UK taxes were withheld from her
state in its role of governance imposes certain            wages. Unbeknownst to her, she was liable to
responsibilities and civic obligations on its              pay Dutch taxes due to her Dutch residency.
citizens.                                                  She was not liable for Danish taxes because
                                                           her contract did not exceed 183 days. She was
The European Union (EU) is an association of               not liable to pay UK taxes because of her non-
sovereign states whose economic and political              residency status. Upon completion of the
collaborations promote their collective well-              contract, she secured another consulting
being. Thanks to Double Taxation Treaties                  position in Brussels, Belgium for a Japanese
(DTT), EU citizens are able to cross national              firm through an employment agency based in
borders for work and residence without let or              Luxembourg. It was for an initial period of five
hindrance. However, this freedom has its                   months with the possibility of an extension. She
limitations. According to Article 15 of the OECD           was faced with the dilemma that the 183 days
model convention, the income generated by                  would be exceeded, which meant Belgian and
work carried out in one country (the work                  not Dutch tax liability. Her immediate concern
country) may be taxed in the work country,                 was to accurately pinpoint the tax liabilities.
except where the employee’s presence in the
work country does not exceed 183 days. For                 It is obvious from these complexities that the
example, in the Netherlands, an employee may               average person will require the services of a
not be liable for Dutch taxes if he is present in          specialized professional knowledgeable in
the country for a period or periods not                    accounting and tax laws. She was advised by
exceeding 183 days in a 12-month period and                EU tax “experts” to register as an independent


                                                       9
contractor (notwithstanding the huge                        murdered a great injustice. Beyond the fact
bureaucracy involved with registration) with the            that the Holocaust is indescribable, this is
Belgian authorities and report only a portion of            simply not the proper forum.
the earnings. The unreported portion, about
60%, would be sent to an offshore bank                      As the granddaughter of a Holocaust survivor, I
account in the Isle of Man (located in the center           find myself asking many questions: After the
of the British Isles) or the British Virgin Islands,        survivors, who are the living memories and
which at that time, she could not locate on the             testimonies, are gone, will anyone remember?
map. The ruse was that the money in these                   Is the subject taught? Are people aware of
accounts would help settle any resulting tax                what human beings are capable of? What can
liability. Although she gained considerable                 we do to keep the memory flame burning?
geographical knowledge, she rejected their
advice and was relieved when her contract                   No one could ever explain; no one could ever
terminated in four months and liability deferred            atone; no one could ever really understand. The
to the Dutch Tax Authorities. This nebulous                 only thing we can do, is learn and remember.
nature of tax laws creates fertile ground for               We owe it to the six millions, we owe it to
charlatans.                                                 ourselves. I urge you all to self-explore the
                                                            Holocaust. The Israeli entity “Yad Vashem ”the
The main point of this expose is to highlight the           Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance
increasing importance of globalization, the                 Authority, has a website (www.yadvashem.org)
accelerated flow of immigration and of transient            that is a very good starting point. It includes a
or migratory workers creating a curious tribe of            Holocaust resource center; Recorded
global careerists. There is a growing need for              testimonies by Holocaust survivors; The
legal experts to serve as navigators through the            Auschwitz Album -- which is the only visual
labyrinth of multilateral tax treaties and the              evidence of the mass murder at Auschwitz-
individual and corporate responsibilities they              Birkenau; A new database of the Holocaust
create.                                                     victims (you can look up names and add names
                                                            of victims who do not appear on the database)
Are We Forgetting the Unforgettable?                        and many other valuable resources. Let us not
Shiri Torf (Israel)                                         forget.
During the past month I witnessed two different,
yet similar, incidents which eventually derived             Alumni Column
me to write this (by far too) short column:                 Kelly Slavitt (U.S. 2003)
During a friendly conversation I had with a non-
Jewish acquaintance, I mentioned the                        Note from the editor: This is the first in what we
Holocaust. I could see in her eyes that she had             hope will be a regular feature of the Cardozo
no idea as to what I was talking about. The                 Sidebar. We are looking for LL.M. alumni to
second incident occurred when I visited a                   write columns for future issues of the LL.M.
comedy club -- one of the comedians was                     newsletter. Please contact the Director of
telling a joke about the Holocaust, which I found           Graduate and International Programs if you
very strident and obviously not funny at all. The           would like to contribute to the Alumni Column of
worst part was – the comedian was Jewish! I                 a future edition of The Sidebar.
could not help it but wander around for days
thinking: Are we forgetting the horrifying                  It was because of the reputation of Cardozo’s
systematically mass murder of six million of our            LL.M. program in intellectual property law that I
brothers and sisters by the Nazis only sixty                decided to go back to school after practicing
years ago?                                                  law for 3 years as an IP associate in New York
                                                            City and in Australia. Technology was making
If I were to write this column describing the               the world a much smaller place, and the ideal
Holocaust (which I thought of doing at first), I            location of New York City was making the job
would be causing the millions who were                      market much more competitive – so I quickly


                                                       10
realized I needed stronger IP skills than I was             Armed with my LL.M. degree in IP law, good
gaining on the job.                                         grades, several papers about to be published,
                                                            and a new skill set gained from my internships,
A couple of things I did during my J.D. program             I landed a job at a New York City law firm as an
(in addition to a lot of networking!) really helped         IP Associate in a very difficult job marked in
me land the job of my dreams after graduation               2003! When I decided this year to move in-
in 1999: The first was writing papers that could            house, I had the skills necessary to be hired as
be entered in writing contests, and later                   counsel at my favorite cause – The American
published or used as writing samples for                    Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
prospective employers. The second was                       (ASPCA) – at a time when they were re-
participating in internships where I could learn            launching their trademark/brand which will be
valuable job skills that I could demonstrate to             140 years old next year. Although obviously
prospective employers and discuss on                        not predicted, the company now also faces
interviews. I decided to apply this same model              numerous legal issues related to its efforts the
to my LL.M. studies.                                        disaster relief efforts in the Gulf Coast Region
                                                            following Hurricane Katrina. Keep me, and the
I struggled to select my classes because I                  ASPCA, in mind when you think about your
wanted it all: classes that filled “gaps” in my IP          next internship because I hire many legal
knowledge, expanded areas where I already                   interns each semester!
had limited knowledge, and courses in which I
could write papers. And I wanted to do                      Visit to Nigeria: A Conversation with the
internships. Cardozo enabled me to do                       Director, Graduate & International Programs
everything I wanted to do.                                  Belinda Enoma (U.K./Nigeria) and
                                                            Bisola Osho (Nigeria)
I wrote two papers for classes in my first
semester. During the first semester, I learned                                 BE and BO: We know that
about the option to write a thesis. I was                                      you were in Nigeria for one
fortunate that Justin Hughes agreed to be my                                   week. What took you there?
faculty advisor, and that I had the opportunity to                             TMF: I was very fortunate to
be able to learn from someone with so much                                     have been invited by the U.S.
grey matter! Writing the thesis was extremely               State Department and the U.S. Consulate in
challenging, particularly with the short                    Lagos to travel to Nigeria to discuss rule of law
timeframe, and there were many times I did not              issues. The official program is the U.S.
think I would finish it before graduation or that it        Speaker and Specialist Program, which is part
would fall well short of the required page limit.           of the Fulbright program.
Those first two papers were published shortly
after graduation and the thesis will be published           BE and BO: Where in Nigeria did you visit?
soon.                                                       TMF: I was in and around Lagos.
                                                            Unfortunately, I did not have the opportunity to
I also did two internships. The first semester a            visit Abuja, which as you know is now the
professor mentioned that the New York State                 capital. The U.S. embassy has recently
Attorney General’s Office was looking for                   relocated to Abuja. But Lagos remains the
someone to work in the Internet Bureau, and I               commercial capital of the country.
was fortunate to land that internship. The
second semester I worked with the Career                    BE and BO: Did you give any lectures at
Center to find an internship that would expand              universities?
my skills where I could work with a leader in the           TMF: I lectured at Obafemi Awolowo University
industry: I found that at Kate Spade, working for           in Ife, about a two-hour drive from Lagos city;
a Cardozo alum.                                             Babcock University, also about two hours by
                                                            car; and at the Lagos Business School, which is
                                                            part of the Pan-African University. I also


                                                       11
lectured at a meeting of the Concerned                     centers around Nigeria – or for that matter
Professionals in Lagos and at the American                 elsewhere – but I think they are a great way for
Corner in Ibadan -- also about two hours away              the United States to bring some educational
– which is housed in the Nigerian Society for              resources to people in more remote areas, so I
Information, Arts & Culture.                               hope that there will be more such centers,
                                                           especially in developing countries. My lecture
BE and BO: How did you travel within Nigeria?              was very well attended and the Ibadan center
TMF: As a visitor sponsored by the consulate, I            seems to host a lot of lectures on topics of
was driven around in consulate vans. We also               interest. I was also impressed with the facilities
had an escort van when we traveled outside of              – especially the library. Immediately upon my
Lagos city.                                                return home, I sent a copy of my book on the
                                                           American legal systems as a donation to that
BE and BO: Did you feel nervous at all about               library.
your personal security?
TMF: I was a little nervous before I went, but             BE and BO: What impressed you most about
not once I was there. We hear lots of stories              the Nigerian people?
about violent crimes in Nigeria but I did not              TMF: I thought that they were incredibly
sense it at all. Of course, I was well protected           friendly and warm. Of course I know that from
at all times! But to be honest, I was advised to           the students I have had from Nigeria, but I was
not walk around at all by myself. I missed that            pleasantly surprised to find that the country is
aspect of exploring a new place.                           full of warm and delightful people!

BE and BO: Did you get any press coverage                  BE and BO: And the weather?
during your visit?                                         TMF: Warm, and less delightful!
TMF: Yes. I was actually surprised and
delighted by the level of interest generated by                                BE and BO: Did you meet
my visit. The consulate hosted a press                                         the ambassador?
conference for me at their offices, which about                                TMF: No, I did not. Since
20 journalists attended. I met a few other                                     the U.S. embassy moved to
journalists during my stay, and there were some                                Abuja, the ambassador is no
articles in Nigerian papers. I also taped a                longer stationed in Lagos. But I was very
segment for a television talk show with Pat                fortunate to have had the opportunity to meet
Utomi, which I was told will be aired shortly.             Brian Browne, the Consul General. He has
                                                           been in Lagos for a number of years and seems
BE and BO: You met Pat Utomi?                              to understand many of the problems currently
TMF: Yes, Dr. Utomi is one of the founders of              facing Nigeria.
the group of Concerned Professionals that
sponsored one of my talks. He is also a                    BE and BO: What would you say some of
member of the faculty of the Lagos Business                those problems are?
School.                                                    TMF: There seems to be a lot of concern right
                                                           now about democratic rule of law. There seem
BE and BO: The American Corner was set up                  to be many Nigerians who believe that there is
by the U.S to inform and educate Nigerians                 some corruption in the upper levels of the
about the U.S. In your opinion, is this effective?         government, and that the last elections were
Is there adequate access to these facilities? Are          not necessarily transparent or fair.
there plans for more of these facilities in various
parts of Nigeria?                                          BE and BO: What were your impressions?
TMF: I think the idea of an “American Corner,”             TMF: I certainly don’t know enough about
which is exactly for the purpose you describe, is          Nigeria or its political system to make
a great one. I don’t know if the U.S.                      judgments, but I was very impressed with those
government plans to have more of these                     I met, among them many great intellectuals,


                                                      12
who are committed to securing a better future            BE and BO: Will you have any continuing
for the country. There are a great many highly           contacts in Nigeria?
intelligent people who are dedicated to moving           TMF: I certainly hope to keep in contact with
Nigeria forward.                                         many of the wonderful people I met there, yes.
                                                         Some of that has already started. Also,
BE and BO: What else?                                    Babcock University is interested in starting up a
TMF: There is enormous wealth disparity in               law faculty in the very near future. I would be
Nigeria, and you feel that immediately, just             very happy to be part of that endeavor, and
driving into town from the airport. It is in many        have offered to assist in any way possible.
ways a privilege to talk about rule of law issues
when there are so many people struggling just            BE and BO: What is your advice to any
to survive. But the hope is that along with good         American legal expert considering visiting
governance including public transparency and             Nigeria?
accountability, some of Nigeria’s great natural          TMF: I would absolutely encourage others to
wealth can finally reach her people.                     go! I found it enormously rewarding, and I think
                                                         that was in large part because not too many
                     BE and BO: Can you                  western legal experts make their way to
                     elaborate more on these             Nigeria, so I felt that my audiences were
                     people you met?                     particularly appreciative and eager to learn.
                     TMF: I met so many                  Nigeria is at such a critical moment now with
                     wonderful people! I would           the future of democratic rule of law literally
                     have to say that the                hanging in the balance. There is so much at
Concerned Professionals was a particularly               stake and, I think, a real potential for making
impressive group that was organized largely in           very positive changes. So I would urge people
reaction to the annulled 1993 elections, and is          to go and allow others to learn from our shared
composed of working professionals committed              experiences.
to democracy, good governance, and the rule of
law. In addition to Dr. Utomi, other members             BE and BO: What was your perception of the
that I met included Professor Yemi Osibajo,              Nigerian “fourth Estate of the realm” and its
Lagos State Attorney-General and                         freedom, judging from your “meet the press”
Commissioner for Justice; Professor Akin                 experiences?
Oyebode from the University of Lagos, who                TMF: Some members of the press did indicate
received his LL.M at Harvard; and Chief Mike             that there were limits to their freedom, and the
Ozekhome, who runs a civil rights law firm in            issue of a free and independent press was a
Lagos. It was an enormous honor to be in the             theme of my rule of law talks. But I was
company of such passionate people and such               pleasantly surprised that the papers did report
eloquent speakers.                                       incidences of official misconduct and other
                                                         issues of concern. I was also happy to see that
BE and BO: How do the chances seem?                      there was a robust dialogue in the press and
TMF: I was asked the same question at the                otherwise about rule of law and governance
press conference, and I told the reporters that I        issues. Still, there is of course room for
think that Nigeria is off to a great start, after        improvement, and some of the representatives
being hindered in its efforts to secure good             of the press that I met with were clearly
governance, first by many years of colonization          frustrated by not enjoying as much
and later by decades of military rule. Certainly         independence as their Western counterparts.
more can be done, and the fact that many
people are frustrated with the current situation         BE and BO: You talk with candor about the
and are talking about ways to improve things             developmental setbacks resulting from the
gives me great hope for the future.                      Nigerian military regimes, did you get a sense
                                                         that this was a subject for open discussions?



                                                    13
TMF: Yes, I did. Of course, as an outsider,               office and implement transparency and
that probably was a lot easier for me than for            accountability and other elements of good
others. I don’t know if Nigerian people who are           governance that are being discussed. A lot will
outspoken face any risks. I did meet a large              depend on whether the judiciary can achieve
number of outspoken people – including                    true independence and enforcement powers.
members of the press, of the faculty and senior           And a lot will depend on privacy rights.
administration at the universities, of Concerned          Certainty in ownership and transparent market
Professionals – who seem to be driven by a                entry regulations will mean more investment in
genuine desire to see Nigeria live up to her              Nigeria, which in turn will generate employment
potential.                                                opportunities so that some resources can flow
                                                          down to the people whose needs are greatest.
                     BE and BO: Considering the           BE and BO: What about the food? We hope
                     diversity of the Nigerian            that you explored some of our traditional
                     peoples, did you experience          dishes.
                     any incidents of culture             TMF: I did not get to try much in the way of
                     shock?                               traditional dishes. I am a vegetarian, which
TMF: Surprisingly, I did not. I know that                 unfortunately made that difficult as many dishes
ethnicity is a major issue in Nigeria but I was           seemed to be meat-based. I did try yam chips
not really aware of it from my daily contact with         with hot sauce, which is probably not very
people I met. But ethnic conflicts, including             traditional, but I loved them!
those involving the police, were often reported
in the press. I was struck by the fact that it did        BE and BO: Did you get to have any fun while
not seem strange at all to be the only white              in Nigeria?
person in a large lecture hall, for instance. The         TMF: I had fun during the entire week! But in
issue of race, which looms so large in so many            addition to the formal working aspects of my
places, seemed to me to be a non-issue. In                visit, the consulate hosted a cocktail reception
terms of culture shock, I had some difficulty             in my honor, which was absolutely delightful.
understanding some accents – but I think that             On my last day in Nigeria, I finally got to do a
some people also had difficulty understanding             little shopping. My escort told me that I am an
my New York accent!                                       excellent bargainer!

BE and BO: Due process and the rule of law                BE and BO: Given the brevity of your stay and
being the focal point of the talks you gave, did          the fast pace of your schedule of activities, did
you get a sense that these were theoretical               you get to explore the countryside for leisure,
abstractions, imminent realities, or existing             like visiting game reserves, boating on the
conditions?                                               lagoon, etc?
TMF: A little of all three, I would say. The              TMF: No, and that was probably the biggest
Nigerian Constitution and basic laws embrace              disappointment – not to have experienced any
many democratic principles, and Nigeria is                of the natural beauty that I know exists in
signatory to many of the great international              Nigeria. On my next visit, though, I will
treaties that promote democracy and equality.             definitely plan to make time to do some of these
So the groundwork certainly is there. On the              things.
other hand, the reality is somewhat different.
There are probably a few areas in which many              BE and BO: Thank you so much for your time
would say that those promises amount to little            and we are glad that you enjoyed your visit to
more than theoretical abstractions. And I think           our country!
– and I know that there are those that share this
notion – that there is a real possibility for
positive change in Nigeria. A lot will depend on
the next elections, whether they will be fair.
There are people who want to run for public


                                                     14
Welcome to Our New LL.M. Students: The                  worked in the communications office of Palais
Largest Class to Date!                                  E.V., a non-profit organization to support young
This semester, we welcomed a record forty-              people.
seven new LL.M. students to Cardozo. They
join the approximately twenty-five students             Edyta K. Czaplicka (Poland)
returning from prior semesters. We also                 General Studies
welcome two visiting exchange students.                 Ms. Czaplicka most recently was a legal
                                                        assistant at a law firm in Brooklyn. In her native
As can be seen from the biographical                    Poland, she also worked at Eastern Sugar
information that follows, Cardozo’s newest              Industry Bank of Lublin, at Kaczmarski Capital
graduate students are remarkably diverse                Group, and Allianz Polska. In addition to
(coming from 25 countries) and talented. We             English and Polish, Ms. Czaplicka speaks some
welcome each and every one of these students            French. Ms. Czaplicka learned about Cardozo
to our LL.M. community!                                 from our current student Ewa [Domagala]
                                                        Bridges (Poland).
David Amanou (France)
Intellectual Property                                   Alessandro Dardano (Italy)
Mr. Amanou received his law degree from the             General Studies
University of Paris (Pantheon-Sorbonne), and            A graduate of the law faculty at La Sapienza in
studied U.S. law at the University of Paris –           Rome, Mr. Dardano also studied at Utrecht
Cergy. He worked at several law firms in Paris.         University as part of the Erasmus student
In addition to English and French, Mr. Amanou           exchange program. He has worked at a
speaks Hebrew.                                          number of law firms in Rome. Mr. Dardano
                                                        learned about Cardozo from his friend Nicola
Aissatou M. Bah (Guinea)                                Tasco (Italy 2004).
General Studies
Our first student from Guinea, Ms. Bah is a             S. Belinda Enoma (U.K. (Nigeria))
graduate of the University of Conakry, where            General Studies
she received a degree in business law. She              Ms. Enoma received her LL.B with honors from
also received a certificate in international            the University of Central England, Birmingham.
private law from the Hague Academy of                   She has worked at Debevoise and Plimpton,
International Law. Ms. Bah has worked as a              New York, and the Crown Prosecution Service,
clerk in the appellate division of the Guinea           London. She has also spent a number of years
courts and at a law firm in Conakry. Since              as an Information Technology Consultant doing
moving to the United States, Ms. Bah has been           software development and quality assurance for
a French teacher, an assistant in publishing and        various firms including Pricewaterhouse
marketing, and, most recently, an international         Coopers, SONY IT, VNU and Medtronic in a
student advisor at the Spanish-American                 number of cities including Zurich, Brussels,
Institute. She is also the Director of                  Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm and
Communications of the African Diaspora                  Hamburg. Ms. Enoma also has a working
Education Society (ADES), a not-for-profit              knowledge of Dutch and German.
organization. Ms. Bah speaks English and
French.                                                 Joseph M. Forgione (U.S.)
                                                        Intellectual Property
Alexander Clemens (Germany)                             Mr. Forgione received his law degree in June
Intellectual Property                                   2005 from Cardozo School of Law, where he
Mr. Clemens is a graduate of the University of          concentrated his legal education in intellectual
Trier, where he passed his first German state           property law and took specialized coursework in
exam. Mr. Clemens has done internships at               constitutional law and rights. During law
law firms in New York City and in Germany and           school, Mr. Forgione was the managing editor
with the District Court in Trier. He has also           of Cardozo Studies in Law & Literature and a


                                                   15
member of the Intellectual Property Law                 Guardian Insurance Company, also in New
Society, the Sports & Entertainment Law                 York. Ms. Goldin was born in Vitebsk (the
Students Association, and Phi Alpha Delta Law           home of Marc Chagall) and has lived in the
Fraternity, Int’l. Mr. Forgione worked as a             United States since 2001.
research assistant for Professor E. Nathaniel
Gates and he interned in the legal department           Brian S. Goncalves (U.S.)
at Kate Spade LLC. He is currently working as           Intellectual Property
a legal intern at 7 For All Mankind LLC. A              Mr. Goncalves is a graduate of the Quinnipiac
member of Phi Beta Kappa, Mr. Forgione holds            University School of Law, where he was a
a B.A. cum laude in Sociology from the                  member of the Moot Court Honor Society,
University Honors Program at Hofstra                    winner of awards for best oral advocacy and
University. He is a member of Golden Key                Excellence in Clinical Work, and Student Bar
International Honor Society, Phi Eta Sigma              Association Senator. Mr. Goncalves was an
National Honor Society, Alpha Kappa Delta,              intern in the Connecticut Superior Court
International Sociology Honor Society, and Pi           Complex Litigation Docket and in the Antitrust
Gamma Mu, International Social Science Honor            Division of the Office of the Attorney General,
Society. As an undergraduate, Mr. Forgione              State of Connecticut. Mr. Goncalves holds a
studied Italian and Comparative Literature in           B.S. in Computer Science from Sacred Heart
Italy and he began his legal career working as a        University.
summer assistant in the legal department at
Home Box Office (HBO). Mr. Forgione has also            Judith C. Gross-Ruetimann (Switzerland)
worked as an editorial intern at Esquire                General Studies
Magazine, Gotham, Hamptons, and Los                     Ms. Gross-Ruetimann is a graduate of the
Angeles Confidential Magazines, and Surface             University of Zurich School of Law, and also
Magazine, and he has done freelance work for            studied at the University of Lausanne School of
several other media outlets in New York City.           Law. She worked for a number of years at
                                                        Credit Suisse, first as a relationship manager,
Polina L. Goldenberg (U.S.)                             then as a recovery officer where she handled
Intellectual Property                                   bankruptcy cases, and most recently as an
Ms. Goldenberg is a graduate of Hofstra School          executor and estate planning officer.
of Law, holds a doctor of pharmacy from
Midwestern University Chicago College of                Mee H. Hoe (U.K. (Malaysia))
Pharmacy and a B.S. in pharmacy from                    Intellectual Property
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science.             Dr. Hoe is a scientific advisor to Kenyon &
She has worked at a number of law firms in              Kenyon in New York City. Dr. Hoe held the
New York and Florida. A licensed pharmacist             same position with Milbank, Tweed, Hadley &
in Arizona, New York, New Jersey, and                   McCloy in London prior to arriving in the U.S.
Pennsylvania, she has worked as a pharmacist            She also worked as a legal intern and scientific
at a number of concerns. In addition to English,        advisor at Kenyon & Kenyon in New York, and
Ms. Goldenberg speaks Russian.                          as a research fellow at Memorial Sloan-
                                                        Kettering Cancer Center in New York and at the
Anastasiya Goldin (Belarus)                             Imperial Cancer Research Fund in London.
General Studies                                         Dr. Hoe holds an LL.B. from Queen Mary,
Our first student from Belarus, Ms. Goldin is a         University of London, a Ph.D. in biomedical
graduate of the law faculty of the International        science from the University of South Carolina,
University in Minsk, where her studies focused          and an M.S. in microbiology and a B.A. with
on criminal and corporate law. She also holds           honors in biology from the Illinois State
a masters degree in criminal justice from John          University. Dr. Hoe has been awarded
Jay College. Ms. Goldin has worked as a legal           numerous grants from various cancer research
assistant at a law firm in New York and as a            organizations, and holds a number of patents in
financial representative assistant at the               the U.S. and Australia.


                                                   16
Mindy E. Jones (U.S.)                                     Evelyn Konrad (U.S.)
General Studies                                           General Studies
Ms. Jones most recently was a staff attorney              Ms. Konrad is a June 2005 graduate of
and project director of the Legal Aid Service of          Cardozo School of Law, where she was a
Broward County, Inc., where her work focused              teaching assistant in the Securities Arbitration
on family law, particularly domestic violence             Clinic and a research assistant for Professor
issues. Ms. Jones was a judicial clerk for the            Halberstam. She had an internship in the
Honorable Larry Turner, a law clerk at Entin,             Investment Protection Bureau of the office of
Margules, and Della Ferra in Ft. Lauderdale,              the New York State Attorney General. Ms.
and a legal intern at Virgil Hawkins Civil Clinic         Konrad also was a partner and chief executive
in Gainesville. Ms. Jones holds her first law             officer of I-Route Traveler.com, chief executive
degree from the University of Florida, from               officer of YourFinancialProfile.com, owner and
which she also received her B.A. in political             chief executive officer of Evelyn Konrad
science.                                                  Associates, and economics/financial
                                                          correspondent for NBC Today. Ms. Konrad has
Laurence S. Kao (U.S.)                                    a number of publications to her name on
Intellectual Property                                     marketing and business matters, and she has
Mr. Kao is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo                published a novel and several profiles and short
School of Law, where he was Senior Articles               stories in consumer and literary magazines.
Editor of the Cardozo Journal of International            She also completed doctoral course work at the
and Comparative Law, and Cornell University’s             NYU Stern School of Business, and holds
College of Engineering, where he received a               degrees in history and international relations
B.S. in Operation Research and Industrial                 from Stanford University. In addition to English,
Engineering. Mr. Kao was a summer associate               Ms. Konrad speaks French, German, and
at Brown, Raysman, Millstein, Felder & Steiner,           Italian.
where he will be an associate upon completion
of the LL.M. program, and an intern in the                Allison H. Loehr (U.S.)
Taiwan office of Baker & McKenzie. He also                General Studies
was a founder and vice president of Syncomm               Ms. Loehr is a graduate of the University of
Technology Corp., USA, and founder and                    Tulsa College of Law, received a Master of
president of Erolab, Inc. In addition to English,         Health Administration from the University of
Mr. Kao speaks Mandarin and Taiwanese, and                Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and holds a
some Spanish.                                             B.A. in biology from Washington University.
                                                          She had an internship with the Honorable
Osamu Koike (Japan)                                       Russell P. Hass and the Honorable Sarah Day
Intellectual Property                                     Smith, both of Oklahoma. Ms. Loehr also held
Mr. Koike comes to Cardozo from the                       several positions with various health care
intellectual property legal division of Fuji Photo        providers.
Film Co., Ltd., which is sponsoring his studies
at Cardozo. At Fuji Photo, Mr. Koike specialized          Manuel A. Madera (Dominican Republic)
in patent, antitrust, contract, and tort matters.         Intellectual Property
He has also dedicated to intellectual property            Mr. Madera, along with Ms. Suazo Rivas, is one
related matters in collaborations with                    of our first students from the Dominican
universities around the world. Mr. Koike                  Republic. He is a graduate of Universidad
received his law degree from Kyoto University             Iberoamericana, where he was a member of his
and a degree from the Faculty of Economics at             law school’s team at the Jessup International
Yokohama National University. A musician, Mr.             Moot Court Competition; the team’s memorials
Koike was a rehearsal conductor at Yokohama               placed in the top 5 in the international rounds.
National University and played in several                 Mr. Madera worked at several law offices in the
trombone ensemble units and symphony                      Dominican Republic.
orchestras in Japan.


                                                     17
Fran Mady (France)                                       Alon Margalit (Israel)
Intellectual Property                                    General Studies
Ms. Mady is the founder and president of Clear           Mr. Margalit received his law degree from the
Music One, a music clearance agency in New               Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He most
York City. Her work experience in New York               recently worked editing a legal website, on
City also includes serving as licensing manager          which he published several articles, including
for Zomba Recording Corp. and Zomba Music                pieces on copyright protection and employee
Publishing, a paralegal at Greenberg & Reicher,          rights. Before that, he was associated with
and legal coordinator for The Smiley Licensing           Laniado & Epstein law offices outside Tel Aviv.
Corporation. She also worked at a law firm and           He was also a teaching assistant at the
for an independent music label in her native             Radzyner School of Law and a clerk for Judge
Paris. Ms. Mady received her law degree with             Shitzer at the District Court of Tel Aviv. Mr.
honors from the University of Paris V and                Margalit served in the Israeli Defense Forces
studied business law at Baruch College.                  for four years and he is currently working in the
                                                         Security Division of the Israeli Consulate in New
Ben D. Manevitz (U.S.)                                   York City. In addition to English & Hebrew, Mr.
Intellectual Property                                    Margalit speaks some Arabic.
Mr. Manevitz is a graduate, cum laude, of the
University of Pennsylvania School of Law,                Flavia Mascolo (Italy)
where he was order of the coif, comment editor           General Studies
and associate editor of the Comparative Labor            Ms. Mascolo is a graduate of La Sapienza law
Law Journal, and recipient of the G. Newton              faculty. Most recently she worked as an
Greene prize for excellence in Torts. He                 associate at M.L. del Bufalo law firm in Rome.
received his B.A. in English from Cornell                In addition to English and Italian, Ms. Mascolo
University, where he was on the dean’s list, and         speaks French.
had a fellowship in Talmudic studies at Yeshiva
Machon Shlomo in Jerusalem. He has been                  Viviana Mura (Italy)
associated with a number of law firms in New             Intellectual Property
York City, including Dewey Ballantine, Pennie &          Most recently, Ms. Mura was counsel for
Edmonds, Arkin Kaplan, Becker Glynn,                     Codere Italia, where she was head of the legal
Melamed & Muffly, and most recently Fross,               office of Operbingo Italia. A member of the
Zelnick, Lehrman and Zissu. He was also an               Italian bar, Ms. Mura also worked at several law
intern at the University of Pennsylvania Center          firms in Italy and as an associate at the Madrid
for Technology Transfer and the Electronic               office of Estudio Juridico Serrano Internacional.
Frontier Foundation.                                     Ms. Mura is a graduate of La Sapienza law
                                                         faculty and received a master in corporate law
Geetha Mannam (India)                                    from University of Rome III. She also studied at
General Studies                                          the Universidad Complutense de Madrid as part
Ms. Mannam is a graduate of Andhra University            of the Erasmus student exchange program.
CRR Law College where she won top academic
awards for five consecutive years. Her thesis            Ilan Nordmann (Switzerland)
was on the right to live and die under the Indian        General Studies
Constitution, and her article on the rights of           Mr. Nordmann most recently was an associate
women under the Indian Constitution was                  with Reber Rechtsanwalte in Zurich. He also
published in the Law College Journal. Ms.                had an internship with Wuersch & Gering in
Mannam also holds a master of laws from S.V.             New York. Mr. Nordmann taught Jewish
University. An accomplished athlete, Ms.                 Studies and is a member of the board of the
Mannam was a national basketball player in               oldest Jewish sports club in Switzerland. A
India.                                                   graduate of the University of Zurich Faculty of
                                                         Law, Mr. Nordmann also studied at the
                                                         University of Fribourg and at Yeshivat Har


                                                    18
Etzion in Israel. A member of the Swiss and             in Applied Science – Legal Assisting from
Zurich bar associations, Mr. Nordmann speaks            Hudson County Community College. Ms. Perez
English, French, German, and Hebrew. Mr.                was a paralegal at the International Institute of
Nordmann is the cousin of Dr. Philippe                  New Jersey, legal advisor and translator for the
Nordmann (Switzerland 2003).                            Chile Club, a legal assistant for an attorney in
                                                        New Jersey, an attorney at the Provisional
Contessa E Nyree (U.S.)                                 National Institute and at Odeplan-Planning and
Intellectual Property                                   Urban Development, both in Chile, and a
Ms. Nyree is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo            teacher in the public schools in Bayonne, New
School of Law, where she was senior symposia            Jersey.
editor of the Cardozo Public Law, Policy, and
Ethics Journal. She received her B.S. in                Ananga S. Ponniah (U.K. (Malaysia))
biochemistry and political science from the             Intellectual Property
University of Wisconsin, Madison, and is a              Ms. Ponniah received her law degree, with
member of the patent bar. Ms. Nyree had                 honors, from the University of London. She has
internships at Wolff & Godin, at the City of New        been living in Portland, Oregon, where she has
York, Conflict of Interests Board, and with the         been a logistics specialist for Nike International.
Honorable Howard A. Ruditzky of the Supreme             Prior to that, she worked in her native Malaysia
Court of New York. In addition to English, Ms.          as an English lecturer at the University
Nyree speaks some Spanish.                              Technology MARA and as assistant program
                                                        manager for Destination Marketing. She has
Bisola Osho (Nigeria)                                   been a volunteer at a Legal Aid Office in
Intellectual Property                                   Oregon and for violence against women’s
Ms. Osho is a graduate of the Lagos State               project of the attorney general’s office. She
University, where she received her LL.B. with           was also a reporter and a lead dancer for the
honors and where she was the recipient of the           Sutra Dance Company and the National Dance
Chief Gani Fawehinmi Scholarship. Since                 Theatre in Malaysia. Ms. Ponniah’s studies are
moving to the U.S., Ms. Osho has worked in a            sponsored in part by the Sunshine Lady
law-related capacity at Pfizer Pharmaceuticals;         Foundation.
Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld; New York
Legal Assistance Group, Immigration Unit; and           Laurynas Ramuckis (Estonia/Lithuania)
at Davis Wright Tremaine, where she is                  Intellectual Property
currently employed.                                     Our first student from either Estonia or
                                                        Lithuania, Mr. Ramuckis is a graduate of the
Georgiy D. Pavlenishvili (Ukraine)                      International University Concordia Audentes in
General Studies                                         Tallinn, Estonia, the only law school in the
Mr. Pavlenishvili received his first law degree         Baltic region to have a curriculum taught
from Odessa National Academy of Law in the              exclusively in English. Mr. Ramuckis’s
Ukraine and an MBA from Lubin School of                 experience includes working at Florida Prata
Business, Pace University. Most recently, he            and SupraLaw in Estonia. In addition to English
was Assistant Vice President at Citigroup in            and Lithuanian, Mr. Ramuckis speaks Russian
New York. He also worked at law firms in New            and some French and Spanish.
York and the Ukraine. In addition to English
and Ukrainian, Mr. Pavlenishvili speaks                 Samuel A. Reed (U.S.)
Georgian and Russian.                                   Intellectual Property
                                                        Mr. Reed is a graduate of the University of
Patricia A. Perez (Chile)                               Tennessee College of Law and the University of
General Studies                                         Miami, where he received his B.A. in film
Our first LL.M. student from Chile, Ms. Perez           production and political science. He was a
holds her law degree from Catholic University in        summer clerk at Loeb & Loeb in Nashville. Mr.
Santiago. She also holds an associate degree            Reed also has a number of film production and


                                                   19
acting credits. Mr. Reed was born in England              University of Richmond. He is also a Chartered
but became an American citizen in 2001.                   Property Casualty Underwriter.

Daniella M. Rudy (Netherlands (U.S.))                     Farhid Sedaghat-pour (U.S. [Israel/Iran])
General Studies                                           General Studies
Born in the U.S., Ms. Rudy grew up in the                 Ms. Sedaghat-pour is a graduate of CUNY
Netherlands, where she studied at Leiden                  School of Law and Stern College for Women of
University School of Law. Ms. Rudy also                   Yeshiva University. Ms. Sedaghat-pour was a
received a diploma in international relations             Thurgood Marshall intern at White & Case in
from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris.           New York, and had internships with the Queens
Ms. Rudy was a researcher at the Centre for               County District Attorney and with several
Information and Documentation Israel in                   judges. She also worked for the Advocates on
Holland and most recently had an internship in            Behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic
the Office of the Prosecution at the International        States, and Eurasia in Washington, D.C. In
Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.              addition to English, Ms. Sedaghat-pour speaks
Ms. Rudy also taught Hebrew and Jewish                    Farsi and Hebrew.
History at the Jewish Community of The Hague,
and was chair of a student organization that              Yusef Ziya Sentruk (Turkey)
sponsored evens on the Israeli-Arab conflict. In          General Studies
addition to Dutch and English, Ms. Rudy speaks            Mr. Sentruk is currently working at the Law
French and some German and Spanish, and                   Offices of John C. Akbulut in New York. Before
was an avid rower.                                        coming to the U.S., Mr. Sentruk worked at Ernst
                                                          & Young Legal Services in Istanbul. A graduate
Santo Russo (Italy)                                       of the Law Faculty of Istanbul University, Mr.
General Studies                                           Sentuk also completed a certificate program in
Mr. Russo, a native of Naples, grew up in                 Contemporary American Business at Baruch
Venice, and received his first law degree from            College.
the University of Parma. He also studied at the
law faculty at the University of Leiden as part of        Limerick Altagracia Suazo Rivas
the Erasmus student exchange program. A                   (Dominican Republic)
member of the bar in Italy, Mr. Russo worked at           Intellectual Property
several law firms in London. After moving to              Ms. Suazo, along with Mr. Madera, is one of our
the U.S., Mr. Russo was the international                 first students from the Dominican Republic. A
business manager at Bio Development                       graduate of the Universidad Nacional Pedro
International in New Hampshire and most                   Henriquez Urena, Ms. Suazo worked in several
recently as account manager at First Indemnity            law firms in the Dominican Republic. She also
Insurance Agency in Boston. In addition to                studied Droit Francaise at the Caribbean
English and Italian, Mr. Russo speaks some                Institute in Guadeloupe and has a post-
French and Spanish.                                       graduate degree in civil procedure from the
                                                          Dominican Bar Association. In addition to
Thomas G. Seccia, Jr. (U.S.)                              English and Spanish, Ms. Suazo speaks
General Studies                                           French.
Mr. Seccia is currently an associate at Smith
Mazue Director Wilkins Young & Yagerman in                Antoaneta V. Tarpanova (Bulgaria)
New York. Prior to his current position, he has           General Studies
been in the insurance industry for a number of            Ms. Tarpanova received her law degree from
years, and worked at Robert Plan Corporation              Sofia University, and did additional law studies
for thirteen years, most recently as Director of          at the London School of Economics and
Regulatory Compliance. Mr. Seccia is a                    Political Science and at Robert Schuman
graduate of Touro College law school and                  University in Strasbourg. She worked at
received a B.A. in economics from the                     several firms in Bulgaria, and has also acted in


                                                     20
theatrical productions in Bulgaria and France.           Panamericana, Mr. Vejar represented his law
In addition to Bulgarian and English, Ms.                school at the Vis International Commercial
Tarpanova speaks French.                                 Arbitration moot court competition in Vienna.
                                                         Mr. Vejar is the LL.M. Heyman Scholar in
Roi Y. Tavor (Switzerland)                               Corporate Governance.
Intellectual Property
Mr. Tavor comes to Cardozo after having                  Sandra Vidal Pellon (Spain)
served as intern and advisor to the Ambassador           Intellectual Property
of Liechtenstein to the United Nations. He has           Ms. Vidal Pellon is a Ph.D. candidate at
also been a teaching assistant to several                Cantabria University, from which she also
professors at the University of Basel, from              received her first law degree. Ms. Vidal Pellon
which he received his first law degree, cum              also holds an MBA from ESIC Madrid and
laude.                                                   Florida Atlantic University. Ms. Vidal Pellon
Mr. Tavor has worked as an attorney at law               most recently has been an assistant in the
firms in Basel and Geneva, and he served as              private law department of Cantabria University.
counsel to the board of directors of a private TV        She also served as an intern in the Office of
Station and as an intern at a court in Dorneck-          Legal Affairs at the United Nations, and an
Thierstein Solothurn.                                    attorney at a law firm in Santander.

Shiri Torf (Israel)                                      Catherine L. White (U.K.)
Intellectual Property                                    General Studies
Ms. Torf, a member of the Israel Bar, received           Ms. White is a graduate of the College of Law
her LL.B. from the Hebrew University of                  and University College London, where she
Jerusalem, where she was awarded the Zvi                 received a B.S. in chemistry. She has worked
Berenson Scholarship for Excellence in Law               at BT Exact Technologies, Eversheds, and
Studies and Social Involvement. She served as            Blocks Solicitors. When she returns to London,
research assistant to Professor Shimon                   Ms. White will be associated with Eversheds.
Shetreet, former Israeli Minister, researching           Ms. White is also an accomplished poetry and
mainly constitutional and environmental legal            fiction writer and enjoys sailing.
issues. With several publications in English and
Hebrew, Ms. Torf was awarded first place in a            Kathleen G. Williamson (U.S.)
legal essay contest sponsored by the Society             Intellectual Property
for Medicine and Law in Israel for her paper on          Dr. Williamson holds a Ph.D. in Legal
Gene Patenting in Israel. Ms. Torf was Editor-           Anthropology and a J.D., cum laude, from the
in-Chief of the Hebrew University Faculty of             University of Arizona and a B.A., magna cum
Law Students and Alumni Journal. Ms. Torf                laude, from Northern Arizona University.
most recently worked for Ephraim Abramson &              During law school, Dr. Williamson was
Co. in Jerusalem. Ms. Torf served for 2.5                Associate Editor of the Arizona Journal of
years in the Israel Defense Forces where she             International and Comparative Law. She is a
reached first-sergeant rank. Ms. Torf speaks             principal in the Law Offices of Williamson &
Hebrew, English and Arabic, and plays 7                  Young, P.C., specializing in criminal litigation,
different musical instruments.                           estate planning, and entertainment law. Prior to
                                                         that, she was a judge pro tempore in the
J. Rodolfo Vejar (Mexico)                                Superior Court of Arizona, on the CJA federal
General Studies                                          Indigent Defense Panel, Special City Magistrate
Mr. Vejar most recently was chief executive              for the Tucson City Court, and an adjunct
officer of Zentraf Cargo de Mexico, an                   professor at the University of Arizona College of
import/export company. Prior to that, he was a           Law. Dr. Williamson is also a certified
legal trainee in the litigation department of            mediator, a music producer, and a recording
Becerril, Coca & Becerril in Mexico City. A              artist.
graduate of the faculty of law of the Universidad


                                                    21
Benjamin Jay Wilson (U.K.)                                legislative activities; and auditor of Institute for
General Studies                                           Higher Defense Studies (IHEDN). Ms.
Mr. Wilson is an associate at Freshfields                 Villeneuve is also Vice President of Children of
Bruckhaus Deringer in New York. He served as              Asia, an NGO that organizes an educational
a summer associate at the firm’s London office,           assistance program for street children in South-
and is qualified to practice law in England and           East Asia.
Wales. Mr. Wilson held internships at Merrill
Lynch and Credit Suisse First Boston. Mr.                 Student News
Wilson received his bachelor’s degree, with               Robert Doerlfer (U.S.) is Trademark Attorney in
honors, in engineering and law from Cambridge             the New York City office of Kirkpatrick &
University, where he was the Captain of his               Lockhart.
college Rugby Team and a member of the
University rugby team.                                    Ewa Domagala (Poland) married Edward
                                                          Bridges on June 15 in Krakow. Daniela Rojas
Larisa Zalevsky (Moldova)                                 Puszyn (Venezuela/Spain) represented the
General Studies                                           LL.M. program at the wedding.
Our first student from Moldova, Ms. Zalevsky is
a graduate of the Moldova State University.               Daniel Iny (Canada) and his wife, Meg, are the
She has worked at the Law Office of Elzbieta              proud parents of Shoshana Eve Stephens Iny,
Kurkowski in New York.                                    born in New York City on August 24.

Visiting Exchange Students                                Ben D. Manevitz (U.S.) is a very proud father
                                                          and husband: “Beautiful, holy, wholly wonderful
Benedikt-Kim Biernath (Germany)                           wife: Julie Manevitz. Proposing was the best
Mr. Biernath is a student at the Bucerius Law             decision I ever made -- though aspersions have
School in Hamburg. He has also studied at El              been cast at her judgment in deciding to accept.
Camino College in Los Angeles, at Marylhurst              Incredible, astounding, stunning first child: Leah
University in Portland, Oregon, and in Seoul,             Sima Manevitz. Daddy's girl through and
Korea. Mr. Biernath just completed an                     through. She's now just past two years old and
internship in the civil and criminal law courts in        very interested in just about everything. If you
Hamburg. He also completed a trainee                      hear me on the cell phone enthusing about
program at the Deutsche Bank in Berlin and at             something potty-related, I'm probably talking to
the Midland Bank in London.                               her. Stupendous, amazing, fabulous second
                                                          child: Y. Aryeh Manevitz. Born in mid-August,
Laurence Villeneuve (France)                              he's about 11 weeks old now. If I seem tired at
Ms. Villeneuve is at Cardozo under the                    all, he's probably not the reason (since night
auspices of the FIPSE-EU student exchange                 time childcare is predominantly Julie's domain)
program in Alternative Dispute Resolution. She            but I'll blame him anyway.”
holds a master degree in human resources
from the University of Paris II and an MBA from           A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear
the University of Paris I. Ms. Villeneuve is the          Vivian M. Williams (2003 Guyana)
Director of Public Relations at the French
Foundation for Political Innovation. She also                             With his own practice launched,
served as a consultant to Medialex, where she                               a young lawyer often feels like a
was responsible for reviewing legislative                                   ship that has set out on a
proposals and new decrees and for relations                                transatlantic voyage. A turbulent
with the European Court of Human Rights;                                  feeling that rumbled within me
Director of Communication of the French                               was impotence to exercise control
Association of Electronic Industries; General             over the direction of the ship and uncertainty as
Secretary of Cooperel; Legislative Assistant to           to where it was heading. For many of us young
a French Parliamentary Deputy in charge of                lawyers who have set out on this journey, a


                                                     22
loud voice screams within, urging retreat while            common weaknesses of solo practitioners, and
heightening fears.                                         tried to ascertain what inspires growth in a law
                                                           firm. I had to ask myself hard questions such
As I drifted from the harbor of law school into            as: Do I have the ability to market a business?
the harsh reality of private practice, I tried hard        Am I disciplined enough to manage a
not to be Lot’s Wife -- not to look back, but the          professional business? What other
thought that I should stay moored to the                   complimentary skills do I have? I started the
frustrating and disenchanting shores of                    evaluation with me and then looked outside of
unemployment, hoping to be hired one day,                  me to find out what other resources were
wrestled me. I asked myself questions such as:             available to me. Fear counsels thoroughness,
should I satisfy myself with whatever offer I get          discipline, and determination for those who rise
and limits set by an employer, or should I                 above the odds.
launch out and fashion my own practice?
Everyone wants to be hired by a large firm, and            My First Experience
often the feeling is that you only get big cases if        The call requesting consultation came through
you work with a large firm. I made the decision            even before I had fully launched my practice. I
that I wasn’t going to spend one or two years              had casually announced my intention to some
sitting and waiting on a large or medium size              friends and was surprised that within a week I
firm to pay me some attention. I believe in the            was receiving calls even while still harboring
quality of education I received at law school and          doubt as to whether I would move forward with
I have confidence in myself, so I decided to               the idea. It was a good surprise to start with but
press on into the world of private practice.               it immediately tested my preparedness. I
                                                           prepared thoroughly for the first meeting. The
While pressing on with this difficult journey              first meeting with the client is very important; it
towards the misty horizon of hope and fortune,             may determine whether you are hired, seriously
my main companion was confidence. I took a                 embarrassed, or cited for malpractice. I spent a
lot of it with me. My major enemy was fear and             lot of time preparing for it. I had to impress the
there were strong fears that each step I took              client that I was competent to handle the case
would take me on a journey to my destruction.              and that meant being able to discuss the
When you contemplate starting your own law                 strengths and weaknesses of the case.
practice your first demon is the haunting
thought of releasing yourself into the turbulent           The client hired me and I had to make the final
sea of hope, fortune, and misfortune, not                  decision whether I was going to pass on it our
knowing in which stream you may find yourself              take it up as my first case. I prayed for
adrift.                                                    something simple and insignificant as a starter
                                                           but this case had someone’s house at stake.
Many would shy away from private practice                  Because I had prepared thoroughly for the first
because of this battle between confidence and              meeting, I felt it was a case I could handle so I
fear, but this battle could be the event that              took it up. I now had to ensure that the facts
shapes your career and propels you to success.             and issues were thoroughly analyzed and
It may help you to identify your strengths and             researched. I battled fears of whether my
weaknesses. It may force you to make                       career would be ruined if I failed to deliver the
maximum use of your strengths and convert                  desired result, whether issues raised were
weaknesses into strengths. The battle between              already settled by the court, and what would
confidence and fear may also impose upon you               happen if I were to lose.
the need to be thorough in your preparation and
meticulous in your conduct. That was the                   I know that lawyers can’t win every case, but for
impact fear had on me.                                     me, losing could tip the balance between
                                                           confidence and fear. This case was not just
I identified my strengths and made a list of               about securing the desired result for the client.
areas of law that I could practice. I studied              It had greater significance to a lonely sailor,


                                                      23
drifting against the tide of fear. If I were to win,        now loaded with confidence and gathering
my client would get to keep her house -- a huge             crew, continues it journey.
victory to me. If I were to lose, the client would
lose her house -- a huge blow to me. I battled              Commencement 2005
the thought that a new practitioner should not                            Cardozo’s annual commencement
take on such challenge so soon, but I answered                            exercises took place on June 7,
my fears saying to myself; the road to success                            2005, at the spectacular Avery
requires men to rise to a challenge -- not fall                           Fisher Hall at New York’s
upon their knees in the face of it.                                       celebrated Lincoln Center for the
                                                                          Performing Arts. Located on the
So I put long hours into my preparation.                    upper west side of Manhattan, Avery Fisher
Sometimes the thought “what if…” came upon                  Hall was a fitting culmination to the LL.M.
me and I felt a chill running though me. That               program.
fear drove me to my client’s file, my computer
or the library.                                             The special guest speaker at the 2005
                                                            commencement was Eliot Spitzer, New York
My Day in Court                                             State Attorney General and New York State
Today is the day that my ship may hit a rock,               gubernatorial hopeful! Mr. Spitzer’s enormously
suffer a puncture and begin to sink, or today               inspiring speech encouraged the graduates to
could be the day that my ship is given a sail and           work hard and to help restore trust in public
the mist in the horizon begins to clear.                    institutions. “There will come a time in your
Overwhelmed by the significance of the                      careers when your ethics will be tested,” Spitzer
occasion, last night I hardly slept, so toady I am          said. “I urge you to speak the truth in your
in court feeling drained, but I sit like an attorney        heart.”
who has been here many times before. The
reality is that many new practitioners make their           Family members and friends looked on as 42
first court appearance with no one but their                students received the Master of Laws degree:
client at their side. There is no room for fear.            Ngozi N. Amobi (U.S.), Florian Bruno
Confidence must prevail.                                    (Germany), Vilma Dedvukaj (Yugoslavia),
                                                            Enrique Delgado Caravilla (Spain), Claudio F.
I had recognized the need to prepare my client              Di Blasi (Italy), Vesselin M. Dittrich (Bulgaria),
for today. I made it my duty to address the                 Erica M. Ellis (U.S.), Janet O. Fashakin
“what if…” issue, and to explore the next step if           (Nigeria), Jordan Garner (U.S.), Aneta
things didn’t go our way. With the stakes high,             Grabowska (Poland), Veronica Gutierrez
Judge Jerome Feller walks into the courtroom                (Mexico), Petra Hansmersmann (Germany),
and takes the bench. Case No.5 on the                       Steffen Hemmerich (Germany), Zhen Huang
calendar is called. I clutch my file and rise,              (P.R. China), Seonkwon (“Sean”) Kim (Korea),
present my case and ask the Court to grant my               Robert B. Kleinman (U.S.), David Krell (U.S.),
motion. The Judge engages me in a moment of                 Yossi Kurzberg (Israel), Menachem Levoritz
questioning; it seems merely to test my                     (U.S.), Yaron Lubetzkey (Israel), John J.
competence and preparedness. With                           Martinez (U.S (Colombia)), Elvira Marzano
confidence, and in a loud and clear voice, I                (Italy), Ken Matsuzaki (Japan), Agnes (“Lili”) de
reasoned with him, challenged him, and in the               Monseignat (France), Charles E. McKeen
end he granted my motion, protecting my                     (U.S.), David Moya (Spain), Shinji Niioka
client’s house from the reach of creditors.                 (Germany (Japan)), Szilvia Patkai (Hungary),
                                                            Daniel S. Peretz (U.S.), Claudia Poernig
That was a defining moment. A few weeks later,              (Germany), Dina Raewel (Switzerland), Ludwig
the United States Trustee who had                           von Rigal – von Kriegsheim (Germany), Maria
administered the case called my office and                  Rubinos (U.S.), Alissa N. Shapiro (U.S.),
asked that I take up a case for him. The ship,              Matthew J. Solow (U.S.), Enrica Taddei (Italy),
                                                            Yorck-Percy Tietge (Germany), Dennis


                                                       24
Trubitski (Ukraine), JuanCarlos Vargas                  Albana Bollati (Albania 2001) is currently
(Colombia), Yael Weingarten (U.K.), Stefan D.           working in the office of the General Counsel of
Wiesli (Switzerland), and Yu Bo (PR China).             the New York City School Construction
                                                        Authority (SCA). Recently, Albana has been
Three students received awards for                      involved in assisting the Vice President and
Distinguished Performance in the LL.M.                  General Counsel of the company in assuring
Program: David Krell, Erica M. Ellis, and Shinji        the participation of the SCA in New York City’s
Niioka.                                                 September 11 captive insurance program.

The day was capped by a lavish reception at             Florian Bruno (Germany 2005) is working at
Cardozo, where family members and friends               Haese, LLC in Boston. According to the firm
from around the world celebrated the                    website, Haese is “a business-oriented law firm
accomplishments of the newest LL.M.                     with a broad spectrum of clients including
graduates. The evening before                           Fortune 100 companies and governmental
commencement exercises, about 20 LL.M.                  entities. Haese assists emerging and
students braved the rain to join a celebratory          established businesses in the formulation,
dinner at Baraonda restaurant on the Upper              pursuit and achievement of their goals and
East Side. Special thanks to Claudio F. DiBlasi         objectives. We serve clients nationally and
(Italy) and Sharon Herman (U.K./Netherlands)            internationally.”
for organizing this outstanding celebration!
                                                        Yi Chen (P.R. China 2002) is now an attorney
Congratulations to all the LL.M. graduates!             at Sidley Austin Brown & Wood in Shanghai.

Alumni News                                             Ingvil Conradi Andersen (Norway 2004) has
Cecilia Baunsoe (Denmark/Switzerland 2002)              returned to Norway and is now legal adviser to
married her longtime partner, Fernando Luis             the Norwegian Media Authority.
Quirindongo, on April 16, 2005, at the Zion
German Evangelical Lutheran Church in                   Eunhyang (“Ann”) Cho (Korea 2002) is working
Brooklyn. Ann Cho (Korea), Vesselin Dittrich            at Cho & Associates in New York City.
(Bulgaria), Francisco (“Pancho”) Javier
Augspach (Argentina) and Svetlana                       Vilma Dedvukaj (former Yugoslavia 2005) and
Vinogradova (Russia) all attended the wedding.          her husband Louie are the proud parents of
                                                        Anton Martin Dedvukaj, born on June 24, 2005
Daniel Biene (Germany 2002) had his article             – a month before his due date! Anton and his
"Celebrity Culture, Individuality, and Right of         parents are all doing well.
Publicity as a European Legal Issue" published
in the International Review of Intellectual             Erica Ellis (U.S. 2005) is associated with Riley,
Property and Competition Law. He has been               Shane, and Hale in Albuquerque, N.M., where
re-elected to the executive board of the                she is doing civil litigation and will be working to
German-American Lawyers Association and is              develop the firm’s intellectual property practice.
currently helping Toni Fine in the Office of
Graduate and International Programs as part of          Lisandro Frene (Argentina 2002) recently re-
his Referendariat.                                      designed his law firm’s website
                                                        (www.rctzz.com.ar). He has also published two
Yu Bo (P.R. China 2005) has had internships at          articles in local newspapers – “Protection of
the World Intellectual Property Organization            Databases under IP Law,” published in El
(WIPO) W and at the Security Council Peace              Derecho; and “New Criteria for Comparative
Keeping Commission, both at the United                  Advertising in Argentina,” published in Infobae
Nations headquarters in New York.                       Profesional.




                                                   25
David Foox (South Africa/New Zealand 2001) is           Guizeng (Wayne) Liu (P.R. China 2002) has
in-house counsel for a technology company               joined the CCPIT Patent and Trademark Law
called Eicon (www.eicon.com), in Montreal.              Office in Beijing.
David handles all of the firm’s intellectual
property matters, including patents for new             Berna Karaahmetoglu (Turkey 2004) has
technologies. David continues his online U.S.           returned to Istanbul where she is working at the
immigration business, Easy Visa USA                     K&K law firm.
(www.easyvisausa.com).
                                                        Robert Kleinman (U.S. 2005) was working at
Germana Giordana (Italy 2000) is an attorney at         the Law offices of Leonard J. Catanzaro. He
Engel & McCarney in New York.                           has recently relocated with his family to
                                                        Western Massachusetts.
Aviya Goldin Chill (Israel 2003) is working at
Porat, Sagiv, Shlomi, a law firm near Tel Aviv          Lili (Agnes) de Monseignat (France 2005) has
that specializes in tax and real estate law.            returned to Paris where she is working in the
                                                        legal department of M6 Television. Prior to
Veronica Gutierrez (Mexico 2005) has returned           returning to France, Lili took an intensive
to Mexico and is now teaching at the law school         course in filmmaking at NYU.
at the University of Guadalajara.
                                                        Carla Moreschi (Brazil 2002) is working at
Petra Hansmersmann (Germany 2005) is                    Fuller and Fuller LLP in New York City, a law
working at Eaton & Van Winkle LLP in New                firm specializing in immigration law.
York.
                                                        David Moya (Spain 2005) has returned to
Efi Harari (Israel 2004) and his wife Cheryl are        Barcelona where he is teaching in the law
the proud parents of Elior Lynn Harari, born on         faculty of the Universidad de Barcelona.
Thursday, October 13, 2005, at 9:45 p.m.
                                                        Gustavo A. Rodriguez (Venezuela 2002) is now
Steffen Hemmerich (Germany 2005) is working             working in the Caracas office of Clarke, Modet
at Estandards Forum, a not-for-profit                   & Co.
organization that monitors the efforts of
numerous countries to comply with international         Shay Markus (Israel 2003) is now working at
standards in areas such as macroeconomic                Coblence and Associates in New York City.
policy and data transparency, institutional and
market infrastructure, and financial regulation         Ken Matsuzaki (Japan 2005) has published a
and supervision.                                        book of photography entitled People. Ken’s
                                                        book can be found at the following bookstores
Clemens Kohnen (Germany 2002) has been                  in New York City: St. Mark’s Bookshop,
accepted to the Goethe Institut trainee program         Asahiya Bookstore, and Kinokuniya Bookstore.
for young leadership. Clemens began his
training in Munich, will spend six months in            Mark Peto (Hungary 2000) has started his own
Jakarta/Indonesia starting in January 2006, and         law firm in Budapest.
ultimately he will be posted as the head of
administration in one of the Institut’s foreign         Rotem Rosen (Israel 2003) is now CEO of
offices.                                                Africa-Israel Properties & Developments USA,
                                                        in New York City.
Yossi Kurzberg (Israel 2005) is pursuing his
doctoral law degree at UCLA.                            Elodie Siliart (France 2004) is business affairs
                                                        manager of a small Music Label called Le
Sean Levinson (U.S. 2002) is a public defender          Maquis
in Cook County, Illinois.


                                                   26
Scott Sisun (U.S. 2004) is a Trademark                   All Alumni
Examining Attorney at the United States Patent
and Trademark Office.                                                   Please continue to send us
                                                                        your personal and professional
Nicole Topperwien (Switzerland 1999) is legal                           news, and please keep us up-
advisor to the Deputy Prime Minister of the                             to-date on your contact
Republic of Macedonia in Skopje.                                        information!

Yoshihiko Wakida (Japan 2004) is foreign legal
advisor at Barst & Mukamal LLP, an
immigration law firm in New York City.

Leon Wang (P.R. China 2004) is a member of
the Intellectual Property Group at Baker &
McKenzie in Hong Kong.                                          The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar

Erica (Schlesinger) Wass (U.S. 2003) is now               The Newsletter of the Graduate Program of
doing media consulting at DigComm                          The Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
Consulting, LLC. In addition to traditional
website and e-commerce consulting, the firm                              Published by:
performs extensive domain name analysis and                          The Office of Graduate
other types of research audits. Erica adds:                        and International Programs
“We are currently working to build a global                    Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
network of attorneys and new media
                                                                       Yeshiva University
professionals. I encourage hose of you working
in areas dealing with the Internet and new                              Brookdale Center
media to contact us so that we can explore the                           55 Fifth Avenue
possibilities. Please visit www.digcomm.info.”                       New York, NY 10003
Erica invites LL.M. students and alumni to email                       212.790.0361 (tel)
her directly at ewass@digcomm.info.                                    212.790.0232 (fax)
                                                                          tfine@yu.edu
Stefan Wiesli (Switzerland 2005) is an
assocaite at Rinderknecht Klein & Stadelhofer                         Please visit our website
in Zurich.                                                             www.cardozo.yu.edu
Vivian Williams (Guyana 2003) is the principal
                                                                           Toni M. Fine
of Vivian A. Williams & Associates in
Manhattan. See Vivian’s article, A Young                  Director of Graduate & International Programs
Practitioner’s Battle with Fear, in this issue of
The Sidebar.

Nilesh Zacharias (India 2004) is now a Senior
Consultant in the privacy practice at
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP.




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