The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar The Newsletter of the Graduate Program of the
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law Issue 11 (Fall 2005)
Message From The Director
In last fall’s edition of The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar, we announced the
establishment of a new LL.M. degree – the LL.M. in Comparative Legal Thought. I
am now pleased to report further on one aspect of that program that has developed
in the past year – Cardozo’s Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies.
Students in the Comparative Legal Thought LL.M. program may choose to pursue
a concentration in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies as part of their
graduate program curriculum.
The Program in Jewish Law and Interdisciplinary Studies was founded under the direction of Cardozo
Professor Suzanne Last Stone, a renowned expert in Jewish legal thought and contemporary legal
theory. This program recognizes and embraces the interest in the Jewish religion and religious
studies more generally as emerging critical subjects in the legal academy. Indeed, there is a new
appreciation of the riches that diverse legal, ethical, and religious traditions contribute to modern
thought and of the importance of religion and law in global politics. In this new intellectual and political
climate, constitutional law, political, and legal theorists are increasingly turning to Jewish law and its
philosophical and religious underpinnings as a valuable resource for thinking about the idea of law,
and its aims, aspirations, and horizons.
Cardozo’s Program in Jewish law and Interdisciplinary Studies brings together scholars of varied legal
traditions and fields, creating cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary dialogues that contribute a distinctly
Jewish legal perspective on issues in law and culture. The program offers a wealth of courses in
Jewish law ranging from traditional offerings -- such as Introduction to Jewish Law and Advanced
Jewish Law -- to the more esoteric, including, in recent semesters, Authority in Jewish Law, Jewish
Law and the Irrational, Justice and Judaism, The Jewish Political Tradition, Jewish Law and American
Legal Theory, and Jewish Law and Contemporary Legal Issues. These are supplemented by a
multitude of courses in legal theory and humanities-based study.
Complementing the curriculum are a range of academic conferences, public colloquia, workshops,
and other events that capitalize on Cardozo’s long-standing and well-deserved reputation as a center
for serious intellectual discourse on Jewish law, religion, and legal theory.
All LL.M. students at Cardozo are welcome to participate in the activities of the Program in Jewish
Law and Interdisciplinary Studies – whether as an LL.M. student in the Comparative Legal Thought
program or as a student with a primary interest in other areas of law who would like to enrich his or
her studies by probing these issues of pressing current concern. For more information about this
program, please visit http://www.cardozo.yu.edu/jlis/.
Toni M. Fine
Director, Graduate and
Inside This Issue: Club officers this year are President Maria
Message from the Graduate Law Society Fernanda (MaFe) Gallo (Colombia), Vice
Revised Alumni Directory Coming Soon President Guillermo Nolivos (Venezuela),
LL.M. Orientation: A Week to Remember Treasurer Rodrigo Oviedo (Venezuela), SBA
Professor Bernhard Schlink on the German Senator Fahrid Sedaghat-Pour
Elections (U.S./Israel/Iran), and me as Secretary. A very
Visit to Nigeria: A Conversation with the special thanks to former President Sharon
Director of Graduate and International Herman, who decided to step down from office
Programs this semester.
LL.M. Students Join Faculty Lunch Series
Cardozo Professors and the Supreme Court The GLS met with the incoming LL.M. class
Comedy Club Night during their first week in school at the traditional
An Object Lesson fall semester cruise, then at Il Cantinero for the
Public Service Auction first “official” happy hour of the year. We
Alumni Column watched the first movie of the year, My Cousin
New LL.M. Students: The Largest Class Ever Vinny, while munching on snacks. On
Student News September 15, Toni Fine made it possible to
A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear host Judge Sidney Stein who spoke about “The
Commencement 2005 Rise & Fall of the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines.”
Alumni News The talk was followed by an informal reception
And More. in Room 1008. We had another happy hour
event at Bar 13. Kelly Slavitt, a Cardozo LL.M.
alum, very nicely accepted an invitation to
Message from the Graduate Law Society discuss job search techniques with students
Marie-Andree Weiss (France) during an informal brown bag lunch.
Note from the Editor: Congratulations and All these events are a welcome relief from the
thanks to all the Graduate Law Society officers - routine of classes and reading assignments.
- past and present – for their service on behalf New LL.M. students, often new to New York or
of the entire LL.M. community. even new to the United States, can get a
chance to meet other students that may or may
Cardozo School of Law has many clubs. not be taking the same classes.
Membership in one is not required, but it is a
very interesting experience, especially for the The school allots a budget to every club, and
foreign LL.M. students who thus have a chance the elected officers are in charge of spending it
to participate in a truly American tradition. A for the benefit of all members. We are always
club fair took place early in September on the looking for opportunities to organize events with
third floor lounge, and each club had a table, the other clubs in the future. Thanks to Rob
luring prospective members with cookies and Doerfler’s design work, the GLS may soon have
promises of fun activities. its own t-shirts for members to wear proudly
LL.M. students have their own club, although
J.D. students are more than welcome to join. Its Revised Alumni Directory Coming Soon!
name, the Graduate Law Society may induce The Office of Graduate and International
images of wood paneled libraries and musty Programs is currently updating its alumni
encyclopedias. Students meet every month at database. There are now more than 300
6.00 p.m. sharp to discuss obscure points of graduates of Cardozo's LL.M. program, which
law. Right? Wrong! Free pizza, free movies and calls for new ways of making sure that all
where to find the best happy hour near the alumni can stay in touch as easily as possible.
school are the matters of pressing concern. However, we do not have any current contact
information for the following people:
David Brodie 2000 system as well as all the fun and social aspects
Deborah Drimmer 2001 that accompany the program.
Marijke van Ekris 2001 During the classes, it was interesting to see the
Russell Kaiser 2002 difference in cultures and legal backgrounds as
Athina Karamanlis 2001 they presented themselves during the many
Tamima Klat 2001 discussions with respect to the U.S. legal
Anelys Koster Garcia 2000 system. Those first two days, during classes,
Adam von Kreuzhof 2002 the foundations for friendships were laid and
James Lovensheimer 2001 drinks in the evenings as well as lunches
Shoji Otani 2000 together followed.
Raviprasad Pisupati 2000
Wednesday we had our official orientation day,
Jesus Jesie Sanez 2001
starting off with a nice breakfast in the lobby,
followed by various introductory talks pertaining
If you are in touch with any of the “missing”
to the different services for students provided
alumni, please help us by sending an e-mail
by Cardozo. After a big lunch together with the
with their contact information to
incoming J.D. students, we hopped onto classic
yellow school buses and headed for the pier.
There a nice tour boat awaited us with free
Also, we ask all of you to send us an e-mail with
drinks (!) and music, to show us New York in a
your own current information. Later this year an
way we had not yet seen. The weather was
updated LL.M. Alumni Directory will be
amazing, the atmosphere absolutely wonderful,
distributed to all alumni for whom we have
and it turned out to be a great opportunity to get
current contact information.
to know each other better, outside the setting of
the law school. That evening, a bunch of us
LL.M. Orientation: A Week to Remember
decided spontaneously to continue the party on
Daniella Rudy (U.S./Netherlands) and
Ben’s [Benedikt-Kim Biernath’s] rooftop, where
Roi Tavor (Switzerland)
we watched the sun set and enjoyed cold beers
while looking at the view!
As we stood there, looking around for
any familiar faces or someone to
On Friday, a large group of the LL.M. students
cling to, we stumbled into the
walked to a cool pizza place near the law
classroom that was filled with a mixture of
school, where we all had lunch together. After
excitement and a hint of nervousness. For
a great week, with a lot of knowledge on the
many of us this was the first time back in a
U.S. legal system and a bunch of new friends,
classroom after a long time of work experience.
we started the first weekend with a happy hour
Some of us had never lived in New York City
rooftop party at Rodolfo’s [Rodolfo Vejar’s]
house! Everyone brought something to drink
and to eat, and we all agreed that being in
On that Monday, about 40 people from all over
school again really isn’t that bad…! One week
the world, who had never laid eyes on each
had passed, and it felt like a lifetime… like we
other, were to embark on a yearlong journey
had known each other for much longer than that
that is called the Cardozo LL.M. program.
and we couldn’t imagine being anywhere else
Classes started with food and drinks, which
but at Cardozo.
always gets people into a good mood and
managed to break the initial ice among the
students and with the professor, Toni Fine --
whom we immediately felt comfortable with and
from that point onwards would take us under
her wing and familiarize us with the U.S. legal
The Recent Parliamentary Elections in new government and what he thinks will
Germany: A Talk by Prof. Dr. Bernhard happen in the future on the German political
Schlink stage. These insights into German politics and
Daniel Zohny (Germany) some of its legal boundaries were very
By (intentionally) failing a vote of confidence in interesting for the, in most part non-German,
parliament, the German chancellor opened the audience. It is a fortunate occurrence for
door for early parliamentary elections in Cardozo’s LL.M. community that an expert and
Germany this last September. The outcome connoisseur of the German political landscape
took many, if not to say most, people by as distinguished as Prof. Schlink is teaching
surprise, as the CDU/CSU (the Christian here this semester and was willing to share
Democrats – Germany’s major “conservative” some of his impressions of the elections with
party -- was able to secure only a very narrow us.
majority. The other major party, the SPD
(Social Democrats), had been destined with a LL.M. Students Join Faculty Lunch Series
colossal defeat, but managed to clinch a result As usual, graduate students are warmly
that probably will enable it to be part of the new welcomed to join the Burns Faculty Lunch
governing coalition, although most likely without Speaker Series. This semester, guest
its figurehead, Gerhard Schroeder, as speakers included Sam Bagenstos
Chancellor. (Washington University), Lior Barshack
(Herzliya Radzyner School of Law), Michael
The surprising and somewhat confusing Bratman (Stanford University), Patrick Macklem
outcome of the elections was a great (University of Toronto), Chris Sanchirico
opportunity to introduce to Cardozo’s LL.M. (University of Pennsylvania), Manfred
students one of the great German Professors of Schneider (University of Essen), Jane Stapleton
constitutional law: Prof. Dr. Bernhard Schlink. (University of Texas), and Brian Tamanaha (St.
Besides being a professor most probably John’s University).
known to every single German law student -- I
can’t imagine anybody who studied law in Professor Takenaka Visits Cardozo
Germany that did not come across his textbook During the spring 2005 semester, Professor
on the basic rights of the constitution -- Mr. Toshiko Takenaka visited Cardozo and met
Schlink was an advisor to Germany’s last both formally and informally with students.
government and acted as its counsel before the Professor Takenaka spoke about The Extent of
Bundesverfassungsgericht, the German Patent Protection in the United States,
Constitutional Court. He is one of the foremost Germany and Japan: Analysis of Two Types of
German experts in the field of constitutional law Equivalents and their Patent Policy
and therefore was the perfect speaker on the Implications. She also graciously agreed to
topic. Additionally Prof. Schlink is the author of meet a number of LL.M. students for dinner at
several bestselling novels, of which The an Italian restaurant in the West Village.
Reader, Self Punishment, and the short stories
Flights of Love have been translated into Professor Takenaka is Director of the Center of
English. Advanced Study & Research on Intellectual
Property as well as Associate Director,
Prof. Schlink explained in a very coherent way Intellectual Property Law and Policy LL.M.
the political and legal implications that led to the Program at the University of Washington, where
early elections and the implications that the she serves as the Hunter Simpson Professor of
politicians had to deal with since election day. Law. She has also been affiliated with Waseda
He especially explained the procedure of a vote University and the Max-Planck-Institute in
of no confidence, its history and the lawsuit Munich.
challenging its application with respect to this
year’s early elections. Moreover he discussed
the current problems with regards to forming a
Cardozo Professors as Supreme Professor Herz explored other aspects of the
Court Clerks clerkship experience. He observed that,
A number of Cardozo law school despite what many of us may think, the Justices
professors have served as themselves do not have a lot of personal
clerks on the United States interaction about their work; that the Supreme
Supreme Court. On September Court is largely a culture of memoranda rather
28, Richard Bierschbach, Marci than personal visits or even phone calls.
Hamilton, Michael Herz, and Monroe Price Professor Herz also discussed a memorable
gathered to discuss with students their case from his time at the Court in which Justice
experiences at the High Court. Professors White ordered the stay of an execution that was
Bierschbach and Hamilton clerked for Justice about to take place in less than an hour.
Sandra Day O'Connor; Professor Herz clerked Professor Herz also recalled playing basketball
for Justice Byron White; and Professor Price in the gym directly about the Supreme Court's
clerked for Justice Potter Stewart. The session, courtroom -- known as "the highest court in the
which took place in a packed moot court room, land."
gave a rare glimpse into the life of a law clerk --
and into the justices themselves. Professor Price spoke about some of the
differences he has noticed between how the
Professor Bierschbach led off the dialogue by Court operates today and how it functioned
discussing some of the kinds of projects that when he clerked for Justice Stewart. In those
clerks work on. These include writing certiorari days, each justice had only two clerks -- now
memoranda that are used by the justices in each associate justice is entitled to four clerks.
determining whether to grant a motion for a writ During Professor Price's time at the Court, there
of certiorari; preparing bench memoranda; were very few death penalty appeals. He also
drafting opinions; being available to help with posited that the opinions themselves were very
review of last minute appeals by death row different, and had more of a journalistic or
inmates; and drafting speeches. Justice pragmatic focus than they do today. They were
O'Connor often would provide a break from also much shorter and much more subtle than
work assignments by summoning her clerks for most opinions from more recent terms.
an outing to one of Washington, D.C.'s many
tourist attractions. All told, this session was an excellent
opportunity for Cardozo students to get a
Professor Hamilton focused on the level of glimpse into the life of one of the most exciting
professionalism that she observed when jobs any lawyer could hope for. Although
working on the Court, including Justice Professor Bierschbach said that clerking is not
O'Connor's ever-gracious presence. Professor really the lawyer equivalent of being a rock star,
Hamilton also reflected on the fact that although Cardozo’s former Supreme Court clerks seem
clerks form an important part of a justice's team, to us to come pretty close to rock star status!
each justice is very much in control of his or her
own work. She also discussed the very Comedy Club Night
different styles of some of the justices, for Rob Doerfler (U.S.)
example Justice Stevens's penchant for
footnotes; Justice Scalia's tendency to spar with Note from the Editor: Thanks to Rob Doefler,
his law clerk's about the issues before the Gotham Club’s own host extraordinaire, for
Court; Justice Souter's tendency to research organizing the event and arranging to get the
and draft (by hand) opinions by himself; and cover charge waived.
Chief Justice Rehnquist's terse writing style,
with which he nevertheless managed to A rabbi, a priest and a minister were walking
essentially decide the next five related issues down the street… Such is the start of many
that would come before the Court. jokes. Far from being cliché, Gotham Comedy
Club entertained the Graduate Law Society on
Tuesday, October 11, with a small battery of administrative mechanisms and economic
professional comics. The show was an All-Star resources that the state owns. For this reason,
line up, including Drew Fraser, Lenny Marcus a more substantial state interference is
and Michael Somerville with Jon Fisch hosting necessary.
as the emcee. USA Today named Gotham
Comedy Club one of the “Top 10 Places to The concept should be that state cannot
Watch Stand-up Comedy” in the country, and it abandon its fundamental responsibility towards
was Manhattan’s only club to make the list. its people’s basic welfare. It must provide
certain amounts of food, health, housing,
Approximately 25 LL.M. students and their education and social care. This legal and moral
friends came to see the show. The club duty derives from the fact that the people
graciously waived the cover charge for the agreed to assign their state with sovereign
group and was pleased to have the Graduate power and have agreed to follow its rules.
Law Society back again this year. It was a Obviously, they expect something in return.
great night to put down the books, laugh,
socialize with colleagues and to have a good Indeed, the exact portion of the state’s
time. involvement is a matter of ideology and political
Calling For Interference priorities. However, there is a minimum
Alon Margalit (Israel) standard that must be defined and guaranteed.
Hurricane Katrina overwhelmed us all with the In Israel, for instance, the Supreme Court
dimensions of disaster. Still, one may find recently ordered the Israeli government to
some comfort, looking at the massive relief articulate the minimum standard of “life in
response. The immediate humanitarian dignity” and to specify its content. The issue is
gestures warmed the hearts. Also at Cardozo, still pending, but the basic idea is clear -- the
state is obliged to take care of its people.
students made donations to help and ease the
Accordingly, they have a fundamental right to
growing pain in New Orleans and other areas
affected. be taken care of.
These initiatives put the American The above is also valid for a laissez-faire
government’s late and hesitant reaction to the climate, or where one seeks to restrain state’s
disaster in the shadow. However, they also interference. The state should determine and
raise some disturbing questions: Can we really adopt a minimum welfare standard. This
count on volunteer activities, instead of on binding standard would definitely allow its
organized state actions? Can we allow people to buy a bus ticket, when danger comes
spontaneous local initiatives to be more close.
dominant and reliable than state operations?
Can aid groups effectively substitute state An Object Lesson
institutions in “normal” times and in cases of Joseph M. Forgione (U.S.)
Note from the Editor: A special thanks to
The reports that followed Katrina leave us with Professor Eric Rayman for helping to organize
a sad and annoying answer. Most of hurricane’s this visit.
gravest victims were poor people. They did not
own cars, nor could afford bus tickets to get out Possessions can be defining: Fred Astaire
of New Orleans. Though everyone knew -- at carefully timed his steps to the tick of a curved
least 2-3 days in advance -- that Katrina would Cartier Tank wristwatch, Coco Chanel used
hit, the poor people were left behind. platinum and diamonds to accent her star-
studded Étoile brooch, and Walt Disney kept
Unfortunately, this extreme event proves that wads of money safe in his Cartier money clip
volunteer spirit and good will are not enough. made of gold and enamel. Law students, on
Aid organizations lack the executive power, the other hand, have the Bluebook, which is not
exactly as luxurious as the gold and steel institutions (working for judges, attorneys and
Hermès pocket watch regularly polished by the non-profit agencies).
fabulous Marlene Dietrich. That is, unless you
decide to smarten up your style manual with a I must confess, however, that what brought me
few Swarovski crystals. to school that evening was not an impulsive
desire to help my current students to follow their
Recently, domestic and international students dreams, but purely selfish determination of
from the LL.M. program at Cardozo School of getting something special for myself as a
Law had the opportunity to put their books reward for studying hard in the past months. Of
aside -- gilded or not -- and marvel at the course, somewhere in the back of my head I
timeless objects gathered together at the had a thought that if it helps other people, that
Forbes Galleries in New York City. Located on would make it even better.
the ground floor of the Forbes Building on Fifth As I walked into the main hall where the auction
Avenue, the Forbes Galleries lay claim not only was taking place, I saw rows of tables arranged
to rare presidential memorabilia and historical without any specific order, and people listening
documents, but also a huge collection of toy to a live band. The hall was really crowded;
soldiers and antique boats. The Galleries also people were walking around, searching for
hold a number of prizes meticulously arranged interesting items and placing their bids. I
in a grand trophy room and retain possession of noticed many of my LL.M. colleagues gathered
the original Monopoly game, created even by one of the tables, and soon I discovered that
before Parker Brothers marketed it to the larger it was the table offering Prof. Toni Fine’s home-
public. The Forbes Galleries are currently in cooked dinner.
partnership with the National Jewelry Institute
(NJI) to present Treasures of the Titans: 1900- The idea of silent auction was completely new
1950, an exhibition of nearly 100 enduring and strange for me. Each bidder was supposed
objects on view through December 31, 2005. to write his or her name, phone number and
The four major themes in the exhibition -- amount of their bid on a special list presented
Government & Royalty, Arts & Society, Sports for each item. An auction catalog as well as the
& Entertainment, and Industry & Finance -- tables presented a wide range of goods and
focus on the successes of a small group of services.
notables along with their individual pursuit and
appreciation of the perfect object. The second Wynton Marsalis donated an autographed CD,
half of the exhibition, Treasures of the Titans: and Eve Elsner gave the original card from her
1950-2000, will be on view at the Forbes show, also autographed. For a moment, I was
Galleries in the spring of 2006. For more torn between getting four private tango lessons
information about visiting the Forbes Galleries, with Jeffrey and Beverly Blustein (my wedding
call (212) 206-5548 or visit forbesgalleries.com. was in a couple of months, and the tango option
was at that point very tempting), or a prize of
And remember to leave your Bluebook at home. one month unlimited “Bikram yoga” (still with my
wedding in mind). Ultimately, I decided that
Public Service Auction what I really wanted was a vegetarian home
Ewa (Domagala) Bridges (Poland) cooked dinner with Professor Toni Fine, with
I had no idea how great the idea of the Public her “famous” cheesecake for dessert.
Interest Goods & Services Auction was until I
actually participated in one during my last The offer was so attractive (I think only the Bar
spring semester. This (13th) annual auction was Bri course draw similar attention) that by the
held in our school on April 13, 2005, and was3 time I decided to place my name on the list, the
organized by the Public Interest Law Students first page was already filled with names and
Association. Its goal was to help students take bids. Some of my friends were forming
unpaid summer jobs in public interest coalitions in order to win this prize. I looked
around and noticed Francesco [Bellman (Italy)]
and Daniel [Zohny (Germany)] standing still and From a Different Perspective…
observing the card, as well as Erica [(Ellis Shinji Niioka (2005 Germany (Japan))
(U.S.)] and Sharon [Herman (U.K./
Nerherlands)] discussing their bidding strategy. After my graduation from the LL.M.
I tried to form my own coalition by calling my program in intellectual property
girlfriends, but none of them answered. A few (IP) law in January 2005 and having
minutes later, I ran into another friend of mine- successfully survived the NY bar
Rob [Doerfler (U.S.)], who after a short exam at the end of February 2005, I
conversation pulled me aside and whispered: received the one-time opportunity to get insight
“Whatever you put, I’ll match you. Keep an eye to the operational and academic world of
on it.” Encouraged, I put our names on the list Cardozo: I was accepted as the Research
with a bid giving us a safe winning position. It Assistant (RA) to Professor Justin Hughes,
seemed that everything would go according to Director of the Intellectual Property Program,
our expectations from then on, but surprisingly, and to Toni Fine, Director of the LL.M. program.
just 20 minutes before the end of bidding time, Being an RA is fun, especially for a person like
another LL.M. student, appeared. He quickly me who studied and practiced law but never
approached the table and placed his name on had the opportunity to see law schools and
the list with a much higher bid than mine. professors from a perspective other than as a
Afterwards, he pulled out his cell-phone and student. Of course, you struggle with
talked in Russian for several minutes. When administrative and daily issues as you do in
he finished he turned to me, gave me his most every job but you have tremendous
confident smile and stated: “I want this dinner,” advantages, and as a special amusement, you
and immediately added: “I have no limits.” can eat chocolates or cookies after you have
Right there and then, I knew the situation would scanned their labels for the trademark
not be easy. We kept putting higher and higher classes… However, you have to be careful
bids: me and Max [Zaslavsky (Russia)], and since some of them looked good but were too
again, me and Max. People around were old to eat.
cheering us out loud. Finally, there were only 3
minutes left. Rob, who was bidding on The first and huge advantage I would like to
something else at the other end of the room, mention is that you can deepen your existing
waved to me and yelled: “Keep bidding”. So I knowledge and expand it new legal issues. For
did. There was only one minute left, a man with instance, I was asked to research the impact of
a speaker was getting ready to end the bids, U.S. discovery rules on settlements. I have
when, with all possible concentration, I put the especially enjoyed the opportunity to research
last bid and …WE WON! Hurrah!!! On my way copyright laws and cases from many different
back home my great LL.M. friend Lorena countries -- sometimes I have difficulties
[Vicens-Cameron (Spain)] called saying: “Ewa, separating them. A highlight was the task to
I got all your messages, and I am 100 percent analyze the Japanese, German, Australian and
with you.” Canadian cases equivalent to the U.S. Napster,
Aimster and Grokster cases. After having read
We all sometimes feel lonely in New York. That and analyzed the cases, you recognize that --
day I went to the auction to bring my mood up. despite all the mental and cultural differences--
Two hours later I had a perspective of having a you find common sense throughout the
nice homemade dinner with one of my favorite opinions of all countries.
professors and my friend Rob. Not only that,
but during these two hours of auction, we had Certainly, another big advantage is that you get
real fun. And I knew I could always count on my to meet a lot of people. As an RA, I have been
friends. It was a great, exciting experience. involved in organizing conferences, speeches,
Priceless. and symposia involving numerous professors,
government officials, practicing attorneys, and
in-house counsel. I have had the opportunity to
personally speak to WIPO, UN, and USPTO the salary is paid by, or on behalf of, an
officials, professors in diverse fields and from all employer who is not resident in the
over the world, and partners and associates Netherlands; and the salary is not borne by a
from small to big law firms. Furthermore, I met permanent establishment which the employer
numerous J.D. and LL.M. students, and every has in the Netherlands. This rule is not
time I meet new faces, I am very impressed by applicable if the income is paid by, or on behalf
their motivation as well as their personal and of, a Dutch resident employer, in which case,
professional achievements. the Netherlands will have the right to tax the
income concerned. Employees working in the
The bottom line is that being a RA is an Netherlands through a foreign employment
excellent opportunity to gain very insightful, agency and hired out to a Dutch employer are
fruitful and valuable experiences not only liable to tax in the Netherlands from first day of
professionally but also personally. You also services in the Netherlands.
have nice “side-effects,” for example, you learn
about wine labels and can make a sound Information technology accelerates
choice when you next order wine at a globalization. Its conduit, the Internet, cuts
restaurant! across the frontiers of nations and states.
Conducting business in this age requires new
Individual Tax Liabilities vis-à-vis Global sets of skills and very often, new laws or
Corporations amendments to existing laws. Inadequate
Belinda Enoma (U.K./Nigeria) knowledge of tax laws can cause severe tax
Citizenship: Jus Solis and Jus Sanguinis liabilities, debt, and in some cases rejections of
ascribe certain inalienable rights to the fantastic job offers. Here is the case of Ms.
individual. Thomas Hobbes, in his magnum Boots, a citizen of Great Britain. Although she
opus, Leviathan, posits the groundwork of the benefited from the tax laws, they also created
Social Contract: “The individual gives up some individual liabilities. As a resident in the
rights and ascribes them to the government in Netherlands, hired out as an Information
the furtherance of peace and security, who in Technology consultant by a British company in
turn regulate the affairs of state from the power England to work for a US corporation in
invested in it by the individual or group.” The Denmark, UK taxes were withheld from her
state in its role of governance imposes certain wages. Unbeknownst to her, she was liable to
responsibilities and civic obligations on its pay Dutch taxes due to her Dutch residency.
citizens. She was not liable for Danish taxes because
her contract did not exceed 183 days. She was
The European Union (EU) is an association of not liable to pay UK taxes because of her non-
sovereign states whose economic and political residency status. Upon completion of the
collaborations promote their collective well- contract, she secured another consulting
being. Thanks to Double Taxation Treaties position in Brussels, Belgium for a Japanese
(DTT), EU citizens are able to cross national firm through an employment agency based in
borders for work and residence without let or Luxembourg. It was for an initial period of five
hindrance. However, this freedom has its months with the possibility of an extension. She
limitations. According to Article 15 of the OECD was faced with the dilemma that the 183 days
model convention, the income generated by would be exceeded, which meant Belgian and
work carried out in one country (the work not Dutch tax liability. Her immediate concern
country) may be taxed in the work country, was to accurately pinpoint the tax liabilities.
except where the employee’s presence in the
work country does not exceed 183 days. For It is obvious from these complexities that the
example, in the Netherlands, an employee may average person will require the services of a
not be liable for Dutch taxes if he is present in specialized professional knowledgeable in
the country for a period or periods not accounting and tax laws. She was advised by
exceeding 183 days in a 12-month period and EU tax “experts” to register as an independent
contractor (notwithstanding the huge murdered a great injustice. Beyond the fact
bureaucracy involved with registration) with the that the Holocaust is indescribable, this is
Belgian authorities and report only a portion of simply not the proper forum.
the earnings. The unreported portion, about
60%, would be sent to an offshore bank As the granddaughter of a Holocaust survivor, I
account in the Isle of Man (located in the center find myself asking many questions: After the
of the British Isles) or the British Virgin Islands, survivors, who are the living memories and
which at that time, she could not locate on the testimonies, are gone, will anyone remember?
map. The ruse was that the money in these Is the subject taught? Are people aware of
accounts would help settle any resulting tax what human beings are capable of? What can
liability. Although she gained considerable we do to keep the memory flame burning?
geographical knowledge, she rejected their
advice and was relieved when her contract No one could ever explain; no one could ever
terminated in four months and liability deferred atone; no one could ever really understand. The
to the Dutch Tax Authorities. This nebulous only thing we can do, is learn and remember.
nature of tax laws creates fertile ground for We owe it to the six millions, we owe it to
charlatans. ourselves. I urge you all to self-explore the
Holocaust. The Israeli entity “Yad Vashem ”the
The main point of this expose is to highlight the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance
increasing importance of globalization, the Authority, has a website (www.yadvashem.org)
accelerated flow of immigration and of transient that is a very good starting point. It includes a
or migratory workers creating a curious tribe of Holocaust resource center; Recorded
global careerists. There is a growing need for testimonies by Holocaust survivors; The
legal experts to serve as navigators through the Auschwitz Album -- which is the only visual
labyrinth of multilateral tax treaties and the evidence of the mass murder at Auschwitz-
individual and corporate responsibilities they Birkenau; A new database of the Holocaust
create. victims (you can look up names and add names
of victims who do not appear on the database)
Are We Forgetting the Unforgettable? and many other valuable resources. Let us not
Shiri Torf (Israel) forget.
During the past month I witnessed two different,
yet similar, incidents which eventually derived Alumni Column
me to write this (by far too) short column: Kelly Slavitt (U.S. 2003)
During a friendly conversation I had with a non-
Jewish acquaintance, I mentioned the Note from the editor: This is the first in what we
Holocaust. I could see in her eyes that she had hope will be a regular feature of the Cardozo
no idea as to what I was talking about. The Sidebar. We are looking for LL.M. alumni to
second incident occurred when I visited a write columns for future issues of the LL.M.
comedy club -- one of the comedians was newsletter. Please contact the Director of
telling a joke about the Holocaust, which I found Graduate and International Programs if you
very strident and obviously not funny at all. The would like to contribute to the Alumni Column of
worst part was – the comedian was Jewish! I a future edition of The Sidebar.
could not help it but wander around for days
thinking: Are we forgetting the horrifying It was because of the reputation of Cardozo’s
systematically mass murder of six million of our LL.M. program in intellectual property law that I
brothers and sisters by the Nazis only sixty decided to go back to school after practicing
years ago? law for 3 years as an IP associate in New York
City and in Australia. Technology was making
If I were to write this column describing the the world a much smaller place, and the ideal
Holocaust (which I thought of doing at first), I location of New York City was making the job
would be causing the millions who were market much more competitive – so I quickly
realized I needed stronger IP skills than I was Armed with my LL.M. degree in IP law, good
gaining on the job. grades, several papers about to be published,
and a new skill set gained from my internships,
A couple of things I did during my J.D. program I landed a job at a New York City law firm as an
(in addition to a lot of networking!) really helped IP Associate in a very difficult job marked in
me land the job of my dreams after graduation 2003! When I decided this year to move in-
in 1999: The first was writing papers that could house, I had the skills necessary to be hired as
be entered in writing contests, and later counsel at my favorite cause – The American
published or used as writing samples for Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
prospective employers. The second was (ASPCA) – at a time when they were re-
participating in internships where I could learn launching their trademark/brand which will be
valuable job skills that I could demonstrate to 140 years old next year. Although obviously
prospective employers and discuss on not predicted, the company now also faces
interviews. I decided to apply this same model numerous legal issues related to its efforts the
to my LL.M. studies. disaster relief efforts in the Gulf Coast Region
following Hurricane Katrina. Keep me, and the
I struggled to select my classes because I ASPCA, in mind when you think about your
wanted it all: classes that filled “gaps” in my IP next internship because I hire many legal
knowledge, expanded areas where I already interns each semester!
had limited knowledge, and courses in which I
could write papers. And I wanted to do Visit to Nigeria: A Conversation with the
internships. Cardozo enabled me to do Director, Graduate & International Programs
everything I wanted to do. Belinda Enoma (U.K./Nigeria) and
Bisola Osho (Nigeria)
I wrote two papers for classes in my first
semester. During the first semester, I learned BE and BO: We know that
about the option to write a thesis. I was you were in Nigeria for one
fortunate that Justin Hughes agreed to be my week. What took you there?
faculty advisor, and that I had the opportunity to TMF: I was very fortunate to
be able to learn from someone with so much have been invited by the U.S.
grey matter! Writing the thesis was extremely State Department and the U.S. Consulate in
challenging, particularly with the short Lagos to travel to Nigeria to discuss rule of law
timeframe, and there were many times I did not issues. The official program is the U.S.
think I would finish it before graduation or that it Speaker and Specialist Program, which is part
would fall well short of the required page limit. of the Fulbright program.
Those first two papers were published shortly
after graduation and the thesis will be published BE and BO: Where in Nigeria did you visit?
soon. TMF: I was in and around Lagos.
Unfortunately, I did not have the opportunity to
I also did two internships. The first semester a visit Abuja, which as you know is now the
professor mentioned that the New York State capital. The U.S. embassy has recently
Attorney General’s Office was looking for relocated to Abuja. But Lagos remains the
someone to work in the Internet Bureau, and I commercial capital of the country.
was fortunate to land that internship. The
second semester I worked with the Career BE and BO: Did you give any lectures at
Center to find an internship that would expand universities?
my skills where I could work with a leader in the TMF: I lectured at Obafemi Awolowo University
industry: I found that at Kate Spade, working for in Ife, about a two-hour drive from Lagos city;
a Cardozo alum. Babcock University, also about two hours by
car; and at the Lagos Business School, which is
part of the Pan-African University. I also
lectured at a meeting of the Concerned centers around Nigeria – or for that matter
Professionals in Lagos and at the American elsewhere – but I think they are a great way for
Corner in Ibadan -- also about two hours away the United States to bring some educational
– which is housed in the Nigerian Society for resources to people in more remote areas, so I
Information, Arts & Culture. hope that there will be more such centers,
especially in developing countries. My lecture
BE and BO: How did you travel within Nigeria? was very well attended and the Ibadan center
TMF: As a visitor sponsored by the consulate, I seems to host a lot of lectures on topics of
was driven around in consulate vans. We also interest. I was also impressed with the facilities
had an escort van when we traveled outside of – especially the library. Immediately upon my
Lagos city. return home, I sent a copy of my book on the
American legal systems as a donation to that
BE and BO: Did you feel nervous at all about library.
your personal security?
TMF: I was a little nervous before I went, but BE and BO: What impressed you most about
not once I was there. We hear lots of stories the Nigerian people?
about violent crimes in Nigeria but I did not TMF: I thought that they were incredibly
sense it at all. Of course, I was well protected friendly and warm. Of course I know that from
at all times! But to be honest, I was advised to the students I have had from Nigeria, but I was
not walk around at all by myself. I missed that pleasantly surprised to find that the country is
aspect of exploring a new place. full of warm and delightful people!
BE and BO: Did you get any press coverage BE and BO: And the weather?
during your visit? TMF: Warm, and less delightful!
TMF: Yes. I was actually surprised and
delighted by the level of interest generated by BE and BO: Did you meet
my visit. The consulate hosted a press the ambassador?
conference for me at their offices, which about TMF: No, I did not. Since
20 journalists attended. I met a few other the U.S. embassy moved to
journalists during my stay, and there were some Abuja, the ambassador is no
articles in Nigerian papers. I also taped a longer stationed in Lagos. But I was very
segment for a television talk show with Pat fortunate to have had the opportunity to meet
Utomi, which I was told will be aired shortly. Brian Browne, the Consul General. He has
been in Lagos for a number of years and seems
BE and BO: You met Pat Utomi? to understand many of the problems currently
TMF: Yes, Dr. Utomi is one of the founders of facing Nigeria.
the group of Concerned Professionals that
sponsored one of my talks. He is also a BE and BO: What would you say some of
member of the faculty of the Lagos Business those problems are?
School. TMF: There seems to be a lot of concern right
now about democratic rule of law. There seem
BE and BO: The American Corner was set up to be many Nigerians who believe that there is
by the U.S to inform and educate Nigerians some corruption in the upper levels of the
about the U.S. In your opinion, is this effective? government, and that the last elections were
Is there adequate access to these facilities? Are not necessarily transparent or fair.
there plans for more of these facilities in various
parts of Nigeria? BE and BO: What were your impressions?
TMF: I think the idea of an “American Corner,” TMF: I certainly don’t know enough about
which is exactly for the purpose you describe, is Nigeria or its political system to make
a great one. I don’t know if the U.S. judgments, but I was very impressed with those
government plans to have more of these I met, among them many great intellectuals,
who are committed to securing a better future BE and BO: Will you have any continuing
for the country. There are a great many highly contacts in Nigeria?
intelligent people who are dedicated to moving TMF: I certainly hope to keep in contact with
Nigeria forward. many of the wonderful people I met there, yes.
Some of that has already started. Also,
BE and BO: What else? Babcock University is interested in starting up a
TMF: There is enormous wealth disparity in law faculty in the very near future. I would be
Nigeria, and you feel that immediately, just very happy to be part of that endeavor, and
driving into town from the airport. It is in many have offered to assist in any way possible.
ways a privilege to talk about rule of law issues
when there are so many people struggling just BE and BO: What is your advice to any
to survive. But the hope is that along with good American legal expert considering visiting
governance including public transparency and Nigeria?
accountability, some of Nigeria’s great natural TMF: I would absolutely encourage others to
wealth can finally reach her people. go! I found it enormously rewarding, and I think
that was in large part because not too many
BE and BO: Can you western legal experts make their way to
elaborate more on these Nigeria, so I felt that my audiences were
people you met? particularly appreciative and eager to learn.
TMF: I met so many Nigeria is at such a critical moment now with
wonderful people! I would the future of democratic rule of law literally
have to say that the hanging in the balance. There is so much at
Concerned Professionals was a particularly stake and, I think, a real potential for making
impressive group that was organized largely in very positive changes. So I would urge people
reaction to the annulled 1993 elections, and is to go and allow others to learn from our shared
composed of working professionals committed experiences.
to democracy, good governance, and the rule of
law. In addition to Dr. Utomi, other members BE and BO: What was your perception of the
that I met included Professor Yemi Osibajo, Nigerian “fourth Estate of the realm” and its
Lagos State Attorney-General and freedom, judging from your “meet the press”
Commissioner for Justice; Professor Akin experiences?
Oyebode from the University of Lagos, who TMF: Some members of the press did indicate
received his LL.M at Harvard; and Chief Mike that there were limits to their freedom, and the
Ozekhome, who runs a civil rights law firm in issue of a free and independent press was a
Lagos. It was an enormous honor to be in the theme of my rule of law talks. But I was
company of such passionate people and such pleasantly surprised that the papers did report
eloquent speakers. incidences of official misconduct and other
issues of concern. I was also happy to see that
BE and BO: How do the chances seem? there was a robust dialogue in the press and
TMF: I was asked the same question at the otherwise about rule of law and governance
press conference, and I told the reporters that I issues. Still, there is of course room for
think that Nigeria is off to a great start, after improvement, and some of the representatives
being hindered in its efforts to secure good of the press that I met with were clearly
governance, first by many years of colonization frustrated by not enjoying as much
and later by decades of military rule. Certainly independence as their Western counterparts.
more can be done, and the fact that many
people are frustrated with the current situation BE and BO: You talk with candor about the
and are talking about ways to improve things developmental setbacks resulting from the
gives me great hope for the future. Nigerian military regimes, did you get a sense
that this was a subject for open discussions?
TMF: Yes, I did. Of course, as an outsider, office and implement transparency and
that probably was a lot easier for me than for accountability and other elements of good
others. I don’t know if Nigerian people who are governance that are being discussed. A lot will
outspoken face any risks. I did meet a large depend on whether the judiciary can achieve
number of outspoken people – including true independence and enforcement powers.
members of the press, of the faculty and senior And a lot will depend on privacy rights.
administration at the universities, of Concerned Certainty in ownership and transparent market
Professionals – who seem to be driven by a entry regulations will mean more investment in
genuine desire to see Nigeria live up to her Nigeria, which in turn will generate employment
potential. opportunities so that some resources can flow
down to the people whose needs are greatest.
BE and BO: Considering the BE and BO: What about the food? We hope
diversity of the Nigerian that you explored some of our traditional
peoples, did you experience dishes.
any incidents of culture TMF: I did not get to try much in the way of
shock? traditional dishes. I am a vegetarian, which
TMF: Surprisingly, I did not. I know that unfortunately made that difficult as many dishes
ethnicity is a major issue in Nigeria but I was seemed to be meat-based. I did try yam chips
not really aware of it from my daily contact with with hot sauce, which is probably not very
people I met. But ethnic conflicts, including traditional, but I loved them!
those involving the police, were often reported
in the press. I was struck by the fact that it did BE and BO: Did you get to have any fun while
not seem strange at all to be the only white in Nigeria?
person in a large lecture hall, for instance. The TMF: I had fun during the entire week! But in
issue of race, which looms so large in so many addition to the formal working aspects of my
places, seemed to me to be a non-issue. In visit, the consulate hosted a cocktail reception
terms of culture shock, I had some difficulty in my honor, which was absolutely delightful.
understanding some accents – but I think that On my last day in Nigeria, I finally got to do a
some people also had difficulty understanding little shopping. My escort told me that I am an
my New York accent! excellent bargainer!
BE and BO: Due process and the rule of law BE and BO: Given the brevity of your stay and
being the focal point of the talks you gave, did the fast pace of your schedule of activities, did
you get a sense that these were theoretical you get to explore the countryside for leisure,
abstractions, imminent realities, or existing like visiting game reserves, boating on the
conditions? lagoon, etc?
TMF: A little of all three, I would say. The TMF: No, and that was probably the biggest
Nigerian Constitution and basic laws embrace disappointment – not to have experienced any
many democratic principles, and Nigeria is of the natural beauty that I know exists in
signatory to many of the great international Nigeria. On my next visit, though, I will
treaties that promote democracy and equality. definitely plan to make time to do some of these
So the groundwork certainly is there. On the things.
other hand, the reality is somewhat different.
There are probably a few areas in which many BE and BO: Thank you so much for your time
would say that those promises amount to little and we are glad that you enjoyed your visit to
more than theoretical abstractions. And I think our country!
– and I know that there are those that share this
notion – that there is a real possibility for
positive change in Nigeria. A lot will depend on
the next elections, whether they will be fair.
There are people who want to run for public
Welcome to Our New LL.M. Students: The worked in the communications office of Palais
Largest Class to Date! E.V., a non-profit organization to support young
This semester, we welcomed a record forty- people.
seven new LL.M. students to Cardozo. They
join the approximately twenty-five students Edyta K. Czaplicka (Poland)
returning from prior semesters. We also General Studies
welcome two visiting exchange students. Ms. Czaplicka most recently was a legal
assistant at a law firm in Brooklyn. In her native
As can be seen from the biographical Poland, she also worked at Eastern Sugar
information that follows, Cardozo’s newest Industry Bank of Lublin, at Kaczmarski Capital
graduate students are remarkably diverse Group, and Allianz Polska. In addition to
(coming from 25 countries) and talented. We English and Polish, Ms. Czaplicka speaks some
welcome each and every one of these students French. Ms. Czaplicka learned about Cardozo
to our LL.M. community! from our current student Ewa [Domagala]
David Amanou (France)
Intellectual Property Alessandro Dardano (Italy)
Mr. Amanou received his law degree from the General Studies
University of Paris (Pantheon-Sorbonne), and A graduate of the law faculty at La Sapienza in
studied U.S. law at the University of Paris – Rome, Mr. Dardano also studied at Utrecht
Cergy. He worked at several law firms in Paris. University as part of the Erasmus student
In addition to English and French, Mr. Amanou exchange program. He has worked at a
speaks Hebrew. number of law firms in Rome. Mr. Dardano
learned about Cardozo from his friend Nicola
Aissatou M. Bah (Guinea) Tasco (Italy 2004).
Our first student from Guinea, Ms. Bah is a S. Belinda Enoma (U.K. (Nigeria))
graduate of the University of Conakry, where General Studies
she received a degree in business law. She Ms. Enoma received her LL.B with honors from
also received a certificate in international the University of Central England, Birmingham.
private law from the Hague Academy of She has worked at Debevoise and Plimpton,
International Law. Ms. Bah has worked as a New York, and the Crown Prosecution Service,
clerk in the appellate division of the Guinea London. She has also spent a number of years
courts and at a law firm in Conakry. Since as an Information Technology Consultant doing
moving to the United States, Ms. Bah has been software development and quality assurance for
a French teacher, an assistant in publishing and various firms including Pricewaterhouse
marketing, and, most recently, an international Coopers, SONY IT, VNU and Medtronic in a
student advisor at the Spanish-American number of cities including Zurich, Brussels,
Institute. She is also the Director of Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm and
Communications of the African Diaspora Hamburg. Ms. Enoma also has a working
Education Society (ADES), a not-for-profit knowledge of Dutch and German.
organization. Ms. Bah speaks English and
French. Joseph M. Forgione (U.S.)
Alexander Clemens (Germany) Mr. Forgione received his law degree in June
Intellectual Property 2005 from Cardozo School of Law, where he
Mr. Clemens is a graduate of the University of concentrated his legal education in intellectual
Trier, where he passed his first German state property law and took specialized coursework in
exam. Mr. Clemens has done internships at constitutional law and rights. During law
law firms in New York City and in Germany and school, Mr. Forgione was the managing editor
with the District Court in Trier. He has also of Cardozo Studies in Law & Literature and a
member of the Intellectual Property Law Guardian Insurance Company, also in New
Society, the Sports & Entertainment Law York. Ms. Goldin was born in Vitebsk (the
Students Association, and Phi Alpha Delta Law home of Marc Chagall) and has lived in the
Fraternity, Int’l. Mr. Forgione worked as a United States since 2001.
research assistant for Professor E. Nathaniel
Gates and he interned in the legal department Brian S. Goncalves (U.S.)
at Kate Spade LLC. He is currently working as Intellectual Property
a legal intern at 7 For All Mankind LLC. A Mr. Goncalves is a graduate of the Quinnipiac
member of Phi Beta Kappa, Mr. Forgione holds University School of Law, where he was a
a B.A. cum laude in Sociology from the member of the Moot Court Honor Society,
University Honors Program at Hofstra winner of awards for best oral advocacy and
University. He is a member of Golden Key Excellence in Clinical Work, and Student Bar
International Honor Society, Phi Eta Sigma Association Senator. Mr. Goncalves was an
National Honor Society, Alpha Kappa Delta, intern in the Connecticut Superior Court
International Sociology Honor Society, and Pi Complex Litigation Docket and in the Antitrust
Gamma Mu, International Social Science Honor Division of the Office of the Attorney General,
Society. As an undergraduate, Mr. Forgione State of Connecticut. Mr. Goncalves holds a
studied Italian and Comparative Literature in B.S. in Computer Science from Sacred Heart
Italy and he began his legal career working as a University.
summer assistant in the legal department at
Home Box Office (HBO). Mr. Forgione has also Judith C. Gross-Ruetimann (Switzerland)
worked as an editorial intern at Esquire General Studies
Magazine, Gotham, Hamptons, and Los Ms. Gross-Ruetimann is a graduate of the
Angeles Confidential Magazines, and Surface University of Zurich School of Law, and also
Magazine, and he has done freelance work for studied at the University of Lausanne School of
several other media outlets in New York City. Law. She worked for a number of years at
Credit Suisse, first as a relationship manager,
Polina L. Goldenberg (U.S.) then as a recovery officer where she handled
Intellectual Property bankruptcy cases, and most recently as an
Ms. Goldenberg is a graduate of Hofstra School executor and estate planning officer.
of Law, holds a doctor of pharmacy from
Midwestern University Chicago College of Mee H. Hoe (U.K. (Malaysia))
Pharmacy and a B.S. in pharmacy from Intellectual Property
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science. Dr. Hoe is a scientific advisor to Kenyon &
She has worked at a number of law firms in Kenyon in New York City. Dr. Hoe held the
New York and Florida. A licensed pharmacist same position with Milbank, Tweed, Hadley &
in Arizona, New York, New Jersey, and McCloy in London prior to arriving in the U.S.
Pennsylvania, she has worked as a pharmacist She also worked as a legal intern and scientific
at a number of concerns. In addition to English, advisor at Kenyon & Kenyon in New York, and
Ms. Goldenberg speaks Russian. as a research fellow at Memorial Sloan-
Kettering Cancer Center in New York and at the
Anastasiya Goldin (Belarus) Imperial Cancer Research Fund in London.
General Studies Dr. Hoe holds an LL.B. from Queen Mary,
Our first student from Belarus, Ms. Goldin is a University of London, a Ph.D. in biomedical
graduate of the law faculty of the International science from the University of South Carolina,
University in Minsk, where her studies focused and an M.S. in microbiology and a B.A. with
on criminal and corporate law. She also holds honors in biology from the Illinois State
a masters degree in criminal justice from John University. Dr. Hoe has been awarded
Jay College. Ms. Goldin has worked as a legal numerous grants from various cancer research
assistant at a law firm in New York and as a organizations, and holds a number of patents in
financial representative assistant at the the U.S. and Australia.
Mindy E. Jones (U.S.) Evelyn Konrad (U.S.)
General Studies General Studies
Ms. Jones most recently was a staff attorney Ms. Konrad is a June 2005 graduate of
and project director of the Legal Aid Service of Cardozo School of Law, where she was a
Broward County, Inc., where her work focused teaching assistant in the Securities Arbitration
on family law, particularly domestic violence Clinic and a research assistant for Professor
issues. Ms. Jones was a judicial clerk for the Halberstam. She had an internship in the
Honorable Larry Turner, a law clerk at Entin, Investment Protection Bureau of the office of
Margules, and Della Ferra in Ft. Lauderdale, the New York State Attorney General. Ms.
and a legal intern at Virgil Hawkins Civil Clinic Konrad also was a partner and chief executive
in Gainesville. Ms. Jones holds her first law officer of I-Route Traveler.com, chief executive
degree from the University of Florida, from officer of YourFinancialProfile.com, owner and
which she also received her B.A. in political chief executive officer of Evelyn Konrad
science. Associates, and economics/financial
correspondent for NBC Today. Ms. Konrad has
Laurence S. Kao (U.S.) a number of publications to her name on
Intellectual Property marketing and business matters, and she has
Mr. Kao is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo published a novel and several profiles and short
School of Law, where he was Senior Articles stories in consumer and literary magazines.
Editor of the Cardozo Journal of International She also completed doctoral course work at the
and Comparative Law, and Cornell University’s NYU Stern School of Business, and holds
College of Engineering, where he received a degrees in history and international relations
B.S. in Operation Research and Industrial from Stanford University. In addition to English,
Engineering. Mr. Kao was a summer associate Ms. Konrad speaks French, German, and
at Brown, Raysman, Millstein, Felder & Steiner, Italian.
where he will be an associate upon completion
of the LL.M. program, and an intern in the Allison H. Loehr (U.S.)
Taiwan office of Baker & McKenzie. He also General Studies
was a founder and vice president of Syncomm Ms. Loehr is a graduate of the University of
Technology Corp., USA, and founder and Tulsa College of Law, received a Master of
president of Erolab, Inc. In addition to English, Health Administration from the University of
Mr. Kao speaks Mandarin and Taiwanese, and Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and holds a
some Spanish. B.A. in biology from Washington University.
She had an internship with the Honorable
Osamu Koike (Japan) Russell P. Hass and the Honorable Sarah Day
Intellectual Property Smith, both of Oklahoma. Ms. Loehr also held
Mr. Koike comes to Cardozo from the several positions with various health care
intellectual property legal division of Fuji Photo providers.
Film Co., Ltd., which is sponsoring his studies
at Cardozo. At Fuji Photo, Mr. Koike specialized Manuel A. Madera (Dominican Republic)
in patent, antitrust, contract, and tort matters. Intellectual Property
He has also dedicated to intellectual property Mr. Madera, along with Ms. Suazo Rivas, is one
related matters in collaborations with of our first students from the Dominican
universities around the world. Mr. Koike Republic. He is a graduate of Universidad
received his law degree from Kyoto University Iberoamericana, where he was a member of his
and a degree from the Faculty of Economics at law school’s team at the Jessup International
Yokohama National University. A musician, Mr. Moot Court Competition; the team’s memorials
Koike was a rehearsal conductor at Yokohama placed in the top 5 in the international rounds.
National University and played in several Mr. Madera worked at several law offices in the
trombone ensemble units and symphony Dominican Republic.
orchestras in Japan.
Fran Mady (France) Alon Margalit (Israel)
Intellectual Property General Studies
Ms. Mady is the founder and president of Clear Mr. Margalit received his law degree from the
Music One, a music clearance agency in New Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He most
York City. Her work experience in New York recently worked editing a legal website, on
City also includes serving as licensing manager which he published several articles, including
for Zomba Recording Corp. and Zomba Music pieces on copyright protection and employee
Publishing, a paralegal at Greenberg & Reicher, rights. Before that, he was associated with
and legal coordinator for The Smiley Licensing Laniado & Epstein law offices outside Tel Aviv.
Corporation. She also worked at a law firm and He was also a teaching assistant at the
for an independent music label in her native Radzyner School of Law and a clerk for Judge
Paris. Ms. Mady received her law degree with Shitzer at the District Court of Tel Aviv. Mr.
honors from the University of Paris V and Margalit served in the Israeli Defense Forces
studied business law at Baruch College. for four years and he is currently working in the
Security Division of the Israeli Consulate in New
Ben D. Manevitz (U.S.) York City. In addition to English & Hebrew, Mr.
Intellectual Property Margalit speaks some Arabic.
Mr. Manevitz is a graduate, cum laude, of the
University of Pennsylvania School of Law, Flavia Mascolo (Italy)
where he was order of the coif, comment editor General Studies
and associate editor of the Comparative Labor Ms. Mascolo is a graduate of La Sapienza law
Law Journal, and recipient of the G. Newton faculty. Most recently she worked as an
Greene prize for excellence in Torts. He associate at M.L. del Bufalo law firm in Rome.
received his B.A. in English from Cornell In addition to English and Italian, Ms. Mascolo
University, where he was on the dean’s list, and speaks French.
had a fellowship in Talmudic studies at Yeshiva
Machon Shlomo in Jerusalem. He has been Viviana Mura (Italy)
associated with a number of law firms in New Intellectual Property
York City, including Dewey Ballantine, Pennie & Most recently, Ms. Mura was counsel for
Edmonds, Arkin Kaplan, Becker Glynn, Codere Italia, where she was head of the legal
Melamed & Muffly, and most recently Fross, office of Operbingo Italia. A member of the
Zelnick, Lehrman and Zissu. He was also an Italian bar, Ms. Mura also worked at several law
intern at the University of Pennsylvania Center firms in Italy and as an associate at the Madrid
for Technology Transfer and the Electronic office of Estudio Juridico Serrano Internacional.
Frontier Foundation. Ms. Mura is a graduate of La Sapienza law
faculty and received a master in corporate law
Geetha Mannam (India) from University of Rome III. She also studied at
General Studies the Universidad Complutense de Madrid as part
Ms. Mannam is a graduate of Andhra University of the Erasmus student exchange program.
CRR Law College where she won top academic
awards for five consecutive years. Her thesis Ilan Nordmann (Switzerland)
was on the right to live and die under the Indian General Studies
Constitution, and her article on the rights of Mr. Nordmann most recently was an associate
women under the Indian Constitution was with Reber Rechtsanwalte in Zurich. He also
published in the Law College Journal. Ms. had an internship with Wuersch & Gering in
Mannam also holds a master of laws from S.V. New York. Mr. Nordmann taught Jewish
University. An accomplished athlete, Ms. Studies and is a member of the board of the
Mannam was a national basketball player in oldest Jewish sports club in Switzerland. A
India. graduate of the University of Zurich Faculty of
Law, Mr. Nordmann also studied at the
University of Fribourg and at Yeshivat Har
Etzion in Israel. A member of the Swiss and in Applied Science – Legal Assisting from
Zurich bar associations, Mr. Nordmann speaks Hudson County Community College. Ms. Perez
English, French, German, and Hebrew. Mr. was a paralegal at the International Institute of
Nordmann is the cousin of Dr. Philippe New Jersey, legal advisor and translator for the
Nordmann (Switzerland 2003). Chile Club, a legal assistant for an attorney in
New Jersey, an attorney at the Provisional
Contessa E Nyree (U.S.) National Institute and at Odeplan-Planning and
Intellectual Property Urban Development, both in Chile, and a
Ms. Nyree is a June 2005 graduate of Cardozo teacher in the public schools in Bayonne, New
School of Law, where she was senior symposia Jersey.
editor of the Cardozo Public Law, Policy, and
Ethics Journal. She received her B.S. in Ananga S. Ponniah (U.K. (Malaysia))
biochemistry and political science from the Intellectual Property
University of Wisconsin, Madison, and is a Ms. Ponniah received her law degree, with
member of the patent bar. Ms. Nyree had honors, from the University of London. She has
internships at Wolff & Godin, at the City of New been living in Portland, Oregon, where she has
York, Conflict of Interests Board, and with the been a logistics specialist for Nike International.
Honorable Howard A. Ruditzky of the Supreme Prior to that, she worked in her native Malaysia
Court of New York. In addition to English, Ms. as an English lecturer at the University
Nyree speaks some Spanish. Technology MARA and as assistant program
manager for Destination Marketing. She has
Bisola Osho (Nigeria) been a volunteer at a Legal Aid Office in
Intellectual Property Oregon and for violence against women’s
Ms. Osho is a graduate of the Lagos State project of the attorney general’s office. She
University, where she received her LL.B. with was also a reporter and a lead dancer for the
honors and where she was the recipient of the Sutra Dance Company and the National Dance
Chief Gani Fawehinmi Scholarship. Since Theatre in Malaysia. Ms. Ponniah’s studies are
moving to the U.S., Ms. Osho has worked in a sponsored in part by the Sunshine Lady
law-related capacity at Pfizer Pharmaceuticals; Foundation.
Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld; New York
Legal Assistance Group, Immigration Unit; and Laurynas Ramuckis (Estonia/Lithuania)
at Davis Wright Tremaine, where she is Intellectual Property
currently employed. Our first student from either Estonia or
Lithuania, Mr. Ramuckis is a graduate of the
Georgiy D. Pavlenishvili (Ukraine) International University Concordia Audentes in
General Studies Tallinn, Estonia, the only law school in the
Mr. Pavlenishvili received his first law degree Baltic region to have a curriculum taught
from Odessa National Academy of Law in the exclusively in English. Mr. Ramuckis’s
Ukraine and an MBA from Lubin School of experience includes working at Florida Prata
Business, Pace University. Most recently, he and SupraLaw in Estonia. In addition to English
was Assistant Vice President at Citigroup in and Lithuanian, Mr. Ramuckis speaks Russian
New York. He also worked at law firms in New and some French and Spanish.
York and the Ukraine. In addition to English
and Ukrainian, Mr. Pavlenishvili speaks Samuel A. Reed (U.S.)
Georgian and Russian. Intellectual Property
Mr. Reed is a graduate of the University of
Patricia A. Perez (Chile) Tennessee College of Law and the University of
General Studies Miami, where he received his B.A. in film
Our first LL.M. student from Chile, Ms. Perez production and political science. He was a
holds her law degree from Catholic University in summer clerk at Loeb & Loeb in Nashville. Mr.
Santiago. She also holds an associate degree Reed also has a number of film production and
acting credits. Mr. Reed was born in England University of Richmond. He is also a Chartered
but became an American citizen in 2001. Property Casualty Underwriter.
Daniella M. Rudy (Netherlands (U.S.)) Farhid Sedaghat-pour (U.S. [Israel/Iran])
General Studies General Studies
Born in the U.S., Ms. Rudy grew up in the Ms. Sedaghat-pour is a graduate of CUNY
Netherlands, where she studied at Leiden School of Law and Stern College for Women of
University School of Law. Ms. Rudy also Yeshiva University. Ms. Sedaghat-pour was a
received a diploma in international relations Thurgood Marshall intern at White & Case in
from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris. New York, and had internships with the Queens
Ms. Rudy was a researcher at the Centre for County District Attorney and with several
Information and Documentation Israel in judges. She also worked for the Advocates on
Holland and most recently had an internship in Behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic
the Office of the Prosecution at the International States, and Eurasia in Washington, D.C. In
Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. addition to English, Ms. Sedaghat-pour speaks
Ms. Rudy also taught Hebrew and Jewish Farsi and Hebrew.
History at the Jewish Community of The Hague,
and was chair of a student organization that Yusef Ziya Sentruk (Turkey)
sponsored evens on the Israeli-Arab conflict. In General Studies
addition to Dutch and English, Ms. Rudy speaks Mr. Sentruk is currently working at the Law
French and some German and Spanish, and Offices of John C. Akbulut in New York. Before
was an avid rower. coming to the U.S., Mr. Sentruk worked at Ernst
& Young Legal Services in Istanbul. A graduate
Santo Russo (Italy) of the Law Faculty of Istanbul University, Mr.
General Studies Sentuk also completed a certificate program in
Mr. Russo, a native of Naples, grew up in Contemporary American Business at Baruch
Venice, and received his first law degree from College.
the University of Parma. He also studied at the
law faculty at the University of Leiden as part of Limerick Altagracia Suazo Rivas
the Erasmus student exchange program. A (Dominican Republic)
member of the bar in Italy, Mr. Russo worked at Intellectual Property
several law firms in London. After moving to Ms. Suazo, along with Mr. Madera, is one of our
the U.S., Mr. Russo was the international first students from the Dominican Republic. A
business manager at Bio Development graduate of the Universidad Nacional Pedro
International in New Hampshire and most Henriquez Urena, Ms. Suazo worked in several
recently as account manager at First Indemnity law firms in the Dominican Republic. She also
Insurance Agency in Boston. In addition to studied Droit Francaise at the Caribbean
English and Italian, Mr. Russo speaks some Institute in Guadeloupe and has a post-
French and Spanish. graduate degree in civil procedure from the
Dominican Bar Association. In addition to
Thomas G. Seccia, Jr. (U.S.) English and Spanish, Ms. Suazo speaks
General Studies French.
Mr. Seccia is currently an associate at Smith
Mazue Director Wilkins Young & Yagerman in Antoaneta V. Tarpanova (Bulgaria)
New York. Prior to his current position, he has General Studies
been in the insurance industry for a number of Ms. Tarpanova received her law degree from
years, and worked at Robert Plan Corporation Sofia University, and did additional law studies
for thirteen years, most recently as Director of at the London School of Economics and
Regulatory Compliance. Mr. Seccia is a Political Science and at Robert Schuman
graduate of Touro College law school and University in Strasbourg. She worked at
received a B.A. in economics from the several firms in Bulgaria, and has also acted in
theatrical productions in Bulgaria and France. Panamericana, Mr. Vejar represented his law
In addition to Bulgarian and English, Ms. school at the Vis International Commercial
Tarpanova speaks French. Arbitration moot court competition in Vienna.
Mr. Vejar is the LL.M. Heyman Scholar in
Roi Y. Tavor (Switzerland) Corporate Governance.
Mr. Tavor comes to Cardozo after having Sandra Vidal Pellon (Spain)
served as intern and advisor to the Ambassador Intellectual Property
of Liechtenstein to the United Nations. He has Ms. Vidal Pellon is a Ph.D. candidate at
also been a teaching assistant to several Cantabria University, from which she also
professors at the University of Basel, from received her first law degree. Ms. Vidal Pellon
which he received his first law degree, cum also holds an MBA from ESIC Madrid and
laude. Florida Atlantic University. Ms. Vidal Pellon
Mr. Tavor has worked as an attorney at law most recently has been an assistant in the
firms in Basel and Geneva, and he served as private law department of Cantabria University.
counsel to the board of directors of a private TV She also served as an intern in the Office of
Station and as an intern at a court in Dorneck- Legal Affairs at the United Nations, and an
Thierstein Solothurn. attorney at a law firm in Santander.
Shiri Torf (Israel) Catherine L. White (U.K.)
Intellectual Property General Studies
Ms. Torf, a member of the Israel Bar, received Ms. White is a graduate of the College of Law
her LL.B. from the Hebrew University of and University College London, where she
Jerusalem, where she was awarded the Zvi received a B.S. in chemistry. She has worked
Berenson Scholarship for Excellence in Law at BT Exact Technologies, Eversheds, and
Studies and Social Involvement. She served as Blocks Solicitors. When she returns to London,
research assistant to Professor Shimon Ms. White will be associated with Eversheds.
Shetreet, former Israeli Minister, researching Ms. White is also an accomplished poetry and
mainly constitutional and environmental legal fiction writer and enjoys sailing.
issues. With several publications in English and
Hebrew, Ms. Torf was awarded first place in a Kathleen G. Williamson (U.S.)
legal essay contest sponsored by the Society Intellectual Property
for Medicine and Law in Israel for her paper on Dr. Williamson holds a Ph.D. in Legal
Gene Patenting in Israel. Ms. Torf was Editor- Anthropology and a J.D., cum laude, from the
in-Chief of the Hebrew University Faculty of University of Arizona and a B.A., magna cum
Law Students and Alumni Journal. Ms. Torf laude, from Northern Arizona University.
most recently worked for Ephraim Abramson & During law school, Dr. Williamson was
Co. in Jerusalem. Ms. Torf served for 2.5 Associate Editor of the Arizona Journal of
years in the Israel Defense Forces where she International and Comparative Law. She is a
reached first-sergeant rank. Ms. Torf speaks principal in the Law Offices of Williamson &
Hebrew, English and Arabic, and plays 7 Young, P.C., specializing in criminal litigation,
different musical instruments. estate planning, and entertainment law. Prior to
that, she was a judge pro tempore in the
J. Rodolfo Vejar (Mexico) Superior Court of Arizona, on the CJA federal
General Studies Indigent Defense Panel, Special City Magistrate
Mr. Vejar most recently was chief executive for the Tucson City Court, and an adjunct
officer of Zentraf Cargo de Mexico, an professor at the University of Arizona College of
import/export company. Prior to that, he was a Law. Dr. Williamson is also a certified
legal trainee in the litigation department of mediator, a music producer, and a recording
Becerril, Coca & Becerril in Mexico City. A artist.
graduate of the faculty of law of the Universidad
Benjamin Jay Wilson (U.K.) legislative activities; and auditor of Institute for
General Studies Higher Defense Studies (IHEDN). Ms.
Mr. Wilson is an associate at Freshfields Villeneuve is also Vice President of Children of
Bruckhaus Deringer in New York. He served as Asia, an NGO that organizes an educational
a summer associate at the firm’s London office, assistance program for street children in South-
and is qualified to practice law in England and East Asia.
Wales. Mr. Wilson held internships at Merrill
Lynch and Credit Suisse First Boston. Mr. Student News
Wilson received his bachelor’s degree, with Robert Doerlfer (U.S.) is Trademark Attorney in
honors, in engineering and law from Cambridge the New York City office of Kirkpatrick &
University, where he was the Captain of his Lockhart.
college Rugby Team and a member of the
University rugby team. Ewa Domagala (Poland) married Edward
Bridges on June 15 in Krakow. Daniela Rojas
Larisa Zalevsky (Moldova) Puszyn (Venezuela/Spain) represented the
General Studies LL.M. program at the wedding.
Our first student from Moldova, Ms. Zalevsky is
a graduate of the Moldova State University. Daniel Iny (Canada) and his wife, Meg, are the
She has worked at the Law Office of Elzbieta proud parents of Shoshana Eve Stephens Iny,
Kurkowski in New York. born in New York City on August 24.
Visiting Exchange Students Ben D. Manevitz (U.S.) is a very proud father
and husband: “Beautiful, holy, wholly wonderful
Benedikt-Kim Biernath (Germany) wife: Julie Manevitz. Proposing was the best
Mr. Biernath is a student at the Bucerius Law decision I ever made -- though aspersions have
School in Hamburg. He has also studied at El been cast at her judgment in deciding to accept.
Camino College in Los Angeles, at Marylhurst Incredible, astounding, stunning first child: Leah
University in Portland, Oregon, and in Seoul, Sima Manevitz. Daddy's girl through and
Korea. Mr. Biernath just completed an through. She's now just past two years old and
internship in the civil and criminal law courts in very interested in just about everything. If you
Hamburg. He also completed a trainee hear me on the cell phone enthusing about
program at the Deutsche Bank in Berlin and at something potty-related, I'm probably talking to
the Midland Bank in London. her. Stupendous, amazing, fabulous second
child: Y. Aryeh Manevitz. Born in mid-August,
Laurence Villeneuve (France) he's about 11 weeks old now. If I seem tired at
Ms. Villeneuve is at Cardozo under the all, he's probably not the reason (since night
auspices of the FIPSE-EU student exchange time childcare is predominantly Julie's domain)
program in Alternative Dispute Resolution. She but I'll blame him anyway.”
holds a master degree in human resources
from the University of Paris II and an MBA from A Young Practitioner’s Battle with Fear
the University of Paris I. Ms. Villeneuve is the Vivian M. Williams (2003 Guyana)
Director of Public Relations at the French
Foundation for Political Innovation. She also With his own practice launched,
served as a consultant to Medialex, where she a young lawyer often feels like a
was responsible for reviewing legislative ship that has set out on a
proposals and new decrees and for relations transatlantic voyage. A turbulent
with the European Court of Human Rights; feeling that rumbled within me
Director of Communication of the French was impotence to exercise control
Association of Electronic Industries; General over the direction of the ship and uncertainty as
Secretary of Cooperel; Legislative Assistant to to where it was heading. For many of us young
a French Parliamentary Deputy in charge of lawyers who have set out on this journey, a
loud voice screams within, urging retreat while common weaknesses of solo practitioners, and
heightening fears. tried to ascertain what inspires growth in a law
firm. I had to ask myself hard questions such
As I drifted from the harbor of law school into as: Do I have the ability to market a business?
the harsh reality of private practice, I tried hard Am I disciplined enough to manage a
not to be Lot’s Wife -- not to look back, but the professional business? What other
thought that I should stay moored to the complimentary skills do I have? I started the
frustrating and disenchanting shores of evaluation with me and then looked outside of
unemployment, hoping to be hired one day, me to find out what other resources were
wrestled me. I asked myself questions such as: available to me. Fear counsels thoroughness,
should I satisfy myself with whatever offer I get discipline, and determination for those who rise
and limits set by an employer, or should I above the odds.
launch out and fashion my own practice?
Everyone wants to be hired by a large firm, and My First Experience
often the feeling is that you only get big cases if The call requesting consultation came through
you work with a large firm. I made the decision even before I had fully launched my practice. I
that I wasn’t going to spend one or two years had casually announced my intention to some
sitting and waiting on a large or medium size friends and was surprised that within a week I
firm to pay me some attention. I believe in the was receiving calls even while still harboring
quality of education I received at law school and doubt as to whether I would move forward with
I have confidence in myself, so I decided to the idea. It was a good surprise to start with but
press on into the world of private practice. it immediately tested my preparedness. I
prepared thoroughly for the first meeting. The
While pressing on with this difficult journey first meeting with the client is very important; it
towards the misty horizon of hope and fortune, may determine whether you are hired, seriously
my main companion was confidence. I took a embarrassed, or cited for malpractice. I spent a
lot of it with me. My major enemy was fear and lot of time preparing for it. I had to impress the
there were strong fears that each step I took client that I was competent to handle the case
would take me on a journey to my destruction. and that meant being able to discuss the
When you contemplate starting your own law strengths and weaknesses of the case.
practice your first demon is the haunting
thought of releasing yourself into the turbulent The client hired me and I had to make the final
sea of hope, fortune, and misfortune, not decision whether I was going to pass on it our
knowing in which stream you may find yourself take it up as my first case. I prayed for
adrift. something simple and insignificant as a starter
but this case had someone’s house at stake.
Many would shy away from private practice Because I had prepared thoroughly for the first
because of this battle between confidence and meeting, I felt it was a case I could handle so I
fear, but this battle could be the event that took it up. I now had to ensure that the facts
shapes your career and propels you to success. and issues were thoroughly analyzed and
It may help you to identify your strengths and researched. I battled fears of whether my
weaknesses. It may force you to make career would be ruined if I failed to deliver the
maximum use of your strengths and convert desired result, whether issues raised were
weaknesses into strengths. The battle between already settled by the court, and what would
confidence and fear may also impose upon you happen if I were to lose.
the need to be thorough in your preparation and
meticulous in your conduct. That was the I know that lawyers can’t win every case, but for
impact fear had on me. me, losing could tip the balance between
confidence and fear. This case was not just
I identified my strengths and made a list of about securing the desired result for the client.
areas of law that I could practice. I studied It had greater significance to a lonely sailor,
drifting against the tide of fear. If I were to win, now loaded with confidence and gathering
my client would get to keep her house -- a huge crew, continues it journey.
victory to me. If I were to lose, the client would
lose her house -- a huge blow to me. I battled Commencement 2005
the thought that a new practitioner should not Cardozo’s annual commencement
take on such challenge so soon, but I answered exercises took place on June 7,
my fears saying to myself; the road to success 2005, at the spectacular Avery
requires men to rise to a challenge -- not fall Fisher Hall at New York’s
upon their knees in the face of it. celebrated Lincoln Center for the
Performing Arts. Located on the
So I put long hours into my preparation. upper west side of Manhattan, Avery Fisher
Sometimes the thought “what if…” came upon Hall was a fitting culmination to the LL.M.
me and I felt a chill running though me. That program.
fear drove me to my client’s file, my computer
or the library. The special guest speaker at the 2005
commencement was Eliot Spitzer, New York
My Day in Court State Attorney General and New York State
Today is the day that my ship may hit a rock, gubernatorial hopeful! Mr. Spitzer’s enormously
suffer a puncture and begin to sink, or today inspiring speech encouraged the graduates to
could be the day that my ship is given a sail and work hard and to help restore trust in public
the mist in the horizon begins to clear. institutions. “There will come a time in your
Overwhelmed by the significance of the careers when your ethics will be tested,” Spitzer
occasion, last night I hardly slept, so toady I am said. “I urge you to speak the truth in your
in court feeling drained, but I sit like an attorney heart.”
who has been here many times before. The
reality is that many new practitioners make their Family members and friends looked on as 42
first court appearance with no one but their students received the Master of Laws degree:
client at their side. There is no room for fear. Ngozi N. Amobi (U.S.), Florian Bruno
Confidence must prevail. (Germany), Vilma Dedvukaj (Yugoslavia),
Enrique Delgado Caravilla (Spain), Claudio F.
I had recognized the need to prepare my client Di Blasi (Italy), Vesselin M. Dittrich (Bulgaria),
for today. I made it my duty to address the Erica M. Ellis (U.S.), Janet O. Fashakin
“what if…” issue, and to explore the next step if (Nigeria), Jordan Garner (U.S.), Aneta
things didn’t go our way. With the stakes high, Grabowska (Poland), Veronica Gutierrez
Judge Jerome Feller walks into the courtroom (Mexico), Petra Hansmersmann (Germany),
and takes the bench. Case No.5 on the Steffen Hemmerich (Germany), Zhen Huang
calendar is called. I clutch my file and rise, (P.R. China), Seonkwon (“Sean”) Kim (Korea),
present my case and ask the Court to grant my Robert B. Kleinman (U.S.), David Krell (U.S.),
motion. The Judge engages me in a moment of Yossi Kurzberg (Israel), Menachem Levoritz
questioning; it seems merely to test my (U.S.), Yaron Lubetzkey (Israel), John J.
competence and preparedness. With Martinez (U.S (Colombia)), Elvira Marzano
confidence, and in a loud and clear voice, I (Italy), Ken Matsuzaki (Japan), Agnes (“Lili”) de
reasoned with him, challenged him, and in the Monseignat (France), Charles E. McKeen
end he granted my motion, protecting my (U.S.), David Moya (Spain), Shinji Niioka
client’s house from the reach of creditors. (Germany (Japan)), Szilvia Patkai (Hungary),
Daniel S. Peretz (U.S.), Claudia Poernig
That was a defining moment. A few weeks later, (Germany), Dina Raewel (Switzerland), Ludwig
the United States Trustee who had von Rigal – von Kriegsheim (Germany), Maria
administered the case called my office and Rubinos (U.S.), Alissa N. Shapiro (U.S.),
asked that I take up a case for him. The ship, Matthew J. Solow (U.S.), Enrica Taddei (Italy),
Yorck-Percy Tietge (Germany), Dennis
Trubitski (Ukraine), JuanCarlos Vargas Albana Bollati (Albania 2001) is currently
(Colombia), Yael Weingarten (U.K.), Stefan D. working in the office of the General Counsel of
Wiesli (Switzerland), and Yu Bo (PR China). the New York City School Construction
Authority (SCA). Recently, Albana has been
Three students received awards for involved in assisting the Vice President and
Distinguished Performance in the LL.M. General Counsel of the company in assuring
Program: David Krell, Erica M. Ellis, and Shinji the participation of the SCA in New York City’s
Niioka. September 11 captive insurance program.
The day was capped by a lavish reception at Florian Bruno (Germany 2005) is working at
Cardozo, where family members and friends Haese, LLC in Boston. According to the firm
from around the world celebrated the website, Haese is “a business-oriented law firm
accomplishments of the newest LL.M. with a broad spectrum of clients including
graduates. The evening before Fortune 100 companies and governmental
commencement exercises, about 20 LL.M. entities. Haese assists emerging and
students braved the rain to join a celebratory established businesses in the formulation,
dinner at Baraonda restaurant on the Upper pursuit and achievement of their goals and
East Side. Special thanks to Claudio F. DiBlasi objectives. We serve clients nationally and
(Italy) and Sharon Herman (U.K./Netherlands) internationally.”
for organizing this outstanding celebration!
Yi Chen (P.R. China 2002) is now an attorney
Congratulations to all the LL.M. graduates! at Sidley Austin Brown & Wood in Shanghai.
Alumni News Ingvil Conradi Andersen (Norway 2004) has
Cecilia Baunsoe (Denmark/Switzerland 2002) returned to Norway and is now legal adviser to
married her longtime partner, Fernando Luis the Norwegian Media Authority.
Quirindongo, on April 16, 2005, at the Zion
German Evangelical Lutheran Church in Eunhyang (“Ann”) Cho (Korea 2002) is working
Brooklyn. Ann Cho (Korea), Vesselin Dittrich at Cho & Associates in New York City.
(Bulgaria), Francisco (“Pancho”) Javier
Augspach (Argentina) and Svetlana Vilma Dedvukaj (former Yugoslavia 2005) and
Vinogradova (Russia) all attended the wedding. her husband Louie are the proud parents of
Anton Martin Dedvukaj, born on June 24, 2005
Daniel Biene (Germany 2002) had his article – a month before his due date! Anton and his
"Celebrity Culture, Individuality, and Right of parents are all doing well.
Publicity as a European Legal Issue" published
in the International Review of Intellectual Erica Ellis (U.S. 2005) is associated with Riley,
Property and Competition Law. He has been Shane, and Hale in Albuquerque, N.M., where
re-elected to the executive board of the she is doing civil litigation and will be working to
German-American Lawyers Association and is develop the firm’s intellectual property practice.
currently helping Toni Fine in the Office of
Graduate and International Programs as part of Lisandro Frene (Argentina 2002) recently re-
his Referendariat. designed his law firm’s website
(www.rctzz.com.ar). He has also published two
Yu Bo (P.R. China 2005) has had internships at articles in local newspapers – “Protection of
the World Intellectual Property Organization Databases under IP Law,” published in El
(WIPO) W and at the Security Council Peace Derecho; and “New Criteria for Comparative
Keeping Commission, both at the United Advertising in Argentina,” published in Infobae
Nations headquarters in New York. Profesional.
David Foox (South Africa/New Zealand 2001) is Guizeng (Wayne) Liu (P.R. China 2002) has
in-house counsel for a technology company joined the CCPIT Patent and Trademark Law
called Eicon (www.eicon.com), in Montreal. Office in Beijing.
David handles all of the firm’s intellectual
property matters, including patents for new Berna Karaahmetoglu (Turkey 2004) has
technologies. David continues his online U.S. returned to Istanbul where she is working at the
immigration business, Easy Visa USA K&K law firm.
Robert Kleinman (U.S. 2005) was working at
Germana Giordana (Italy 2000) is an attorney at the Law offices of Leonard J. Catanzaro. He
Engel & McCarney in New York. has recently relocated with his family to
Aviya Goldin Chill (Israel 2003) is working at
Porat, Sagiv, Shlomi, a law firm near Tel Aviv Lili (Agnes) de Monseignat (France 2005) has
that specializes in tax and real estate law. returned to Paris where she is working in the
legal department of M6 Television. Prior to
Veronica Gutierrez (Mexico 2005) has returned returning to France, Lili took an intensive
to Mexico and is now teaching at the law school course in filmmaking at NYU.
at the University of Guadalajara.
Carla Moreschi (Brazil 2002) is working at
Petra Hansmersmann (Germany 2005) is Fuller and Fuller LLP in New York City, a law
working at Eaton & Van Winkle LLP in New firm specializing in immigration law.
David Moya (Spain 2005) has returned to
Efi Harari (Israel 2004) and his wife Cheryl are Barcelona where he is teaching in the law
the proud parents of Elior Lynn Harari, born on faculty of the Universidad de Barcelona.
Thursday, October 13, 2005, at 9:45 p.m.
Gustavo A. Rodriguez (Venezuela 2002) is now
Steffen Hemmerich (Germany 2005) is working working in the Caracas office of Clarke, Modet
at Estandards Forum, a not-for-profit & Co.
organization that monitors the efforts of
numerous countries to comply with international Shay Markus (Israel 2003) is now working at
standards in areas such as macroeconomic Coblence and Associates in New York City.
policy and data transparency, institutional and
market infrastructure, and financial regulation Ken Matsuzaki (Japan 2005) has published a
and supervision. book of photography entitled People. Ken’s
book can be found at the following bookstores
Clemens Kohnen (Germany 2002) has been in New York City: St. Mark’s Bookshop,
accepted to the Goethe Institut trainee program Asahiya Bookstore, and Kinokuniya Bookstore.
for young leadership. Clemens began his
training in Munich, will spend six months in Mark Peto (Hungary 2000) has started his own
Jakarta/Indonesia starting in January 2006, and law firm in Budapest.
ultimately he will be posted as the head of
administration in one of the Institut’s foreign Rotem Rosen (Israel 2003) is now CEO of
offices. Africa-Israel Properties & Developments USA,
in New York City.
Yossi Kurzberg (Israel 2005) is pursuing his
doctoral law degree at UCLA. Elodie Siliart (France 2004) is business affairs
manager of a small Music Label called Le
Sean Levinson (U.S. 2002) is a public defender Maquis
in Cook County, Illinois.
Scott Sisun (U.S. 2004) is a Trademark All Alumni
Examining Attorney at the United States Patent
and Trademark Office. Please continue to send us
your personal and professional
Nicole Topperwien (Switzerland 1999) is legal news, and please keep us up-
advisor to the Deputy Prime Minister of the to-date on your contact
Republic of Macedonia in Skopje. information!
Yoshihiko Wakida (Japan 2004) is foreign legal
advisor at Barst & Mukamal LLP, an
immigration law firm in New York City.
Leon Wang (P.R. China 2004) is a member of
the Intellectual Property Group at Baker &
McKenzie in Hong Kong. The Cardozo LL.M. Sidebar
Erica (Schlesinger) Wass (U.S. 2003) is now The Newsletter of the Graduate Program of
doing media consulting at DigComm The Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
Consulting, LLC. In addition to traditional
website and e-commerce consulting, the firm Published by:
performs extensive domain name analysis and The Office of Graduate
other types of research audits. Erica adds: and International Programs
“We are currently working to build a global Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
network of attorneys and new media
professionals. I encourage hose of you working
in areas dealing with the Internet and new Brookdale Center
media to contact us so that we can explore the 55 Fifth Avenue
possibilities. Please visit www.digcomm.info.” New York, NY 10003
Erica invites LL.M. students and alumni to email 212.790.0361 (tel)
her directly at email@example.com. 212.790.0232 (fax)
Stefan Wiesli (Switzerland 2005) is an
assocaite at Rinderknecht Klein & Stadelhofer Please visit our website
in Zurich. www.cardozo.yu.edu
Vivian Williams (Guyana 2003) is the principal
Toni M. Fine
of Vivian A. Williams & Associates in
Manhattan. See Vivian’s article, A Young Director of Graduate & International Programs
Practitioner’s Battle with Fear, in this issue of
Nilesh Zacharias (India 2004) is now a Senior
Consultant in the privacy practice at