FGM-Free Village Model - DOC

					                           FGM-Free Village Model
                       (MDG 3 – Gender Empowerment)




                                Progress Report
                            January – December 2006

I. INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING

I.1. Project Unit at NCCM

The project secretariat at the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood
(NCCM) comprises the following staff members:

       Senior Project Supervisor             Ambassador Hussein El Sadr
       National Project Director:            Ms. Mona Hassan Amin
       NGO Coordinator:                      Dr. Magdy Helmy
       Training Officer:                     Dr. Vivian Fouad
       Youth Coordinator:                    Ms. Dalia El-Motaz
       Finance Officer:                      Ms. Dina El Tobgy
       NGO Monitoring Support Staff:         Mr. Akmal Gamal
                                             Ms. Walaa Hassan
       Project Secretary:                    Ms. Sarah Sayed

UNDP is providing technical support to the NCCM projects through a full time
programme officer (Ms. Simona Galbiati), a project Assistant Ms. Samira Helmy)
and a finance assistant (Ms. Inji Ayad).

I.2. Project Unit at local level: FOCAL NGOs

NGO Contracts for the 12 Focal NGOs in Upper Egypt were terminated end of
June 2006 and were renewed with an extension agreement for six months till end
of December 2006. The 8 Focal NGOs in Lower Egypt (expansion phase) were
contracted for a probation period as of January 2006 and contracts ended in June
2006 and were extended with a similar 6 months extension thus ensuring that all
20 NGOs shall be renewed in line with the project Fiscal year which ends in
December.
The project terminated the contract with the Young Muslim Men Association in
Minya Governorate due to the numerous internal managerial problems that the
NGO faced with the risk of compromising the sustainability of the project
activities at the grassroot level in the villages. In order to avoid disruptions in the
project implementation, the project team, led by the Senior supervisor, decided
to continue the project activities with another focal NGO that had less problems
with their board of directors and personnel. A selection process was conducted
amongst several NGOs in Minya working with children issues, especially those
related to girls' rights topics like FGM or early marriage etc. Upon a field visit to
the selected NGOs and an analytical review of their proposals, the NGO


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monitoring staff, NGO coordinator and the remaining project team selected Misr
Youth NGO. The Misr Youth NGO proved to have a solid experience in the villages
in Minya, in addition to their previous scope of developmental work and their
belief that FGM is a clear violation of child rights from different angles.

In addition to the Focal NGOs in the selected governorates, the project contracted
the Eyoun el Wadi NGO located in both Aswan and Cairo Governorates. This NGO
is specialized in the provision of quality medical services. It is founded by a
number of young professional doctors in Kasr Aini Med School. The NGO works on
strengthening the medical services on the ground particularly in the villages that
have announced their stance against FGM, i.e. Benban village, and will establish a
pilot Family Medicine Clinic in the Village, attracting the families in the village that
announced their positive stance, in addition to attracting other families with girls
at risk from the neighboring villages.

Village Selection for Lower Egypt:

The project team has completed the selection process for the villages in Lower
Egypt in collaboration with the selected Focal NGOs based on the following
criteria:
1. the local community is willing to accept the principle of introducing FGM within
the girls' rights package
2. previous exposure to the issue of FGM
3. level of acceptance to the anti-FGM campaign.


I.3. Project Unit at local level: UNVs

42 UNVs currently on board: 5 UNVs from the Medical School of Ain Shams
University, 1 from Faculty of Commerce Helwan University, 3 Specialists, 2
working inside the NGOs, 5 helping in M&E of NGOs, 25 field workers, 1 UNV
offering technical support at NCCM.

II. ADVOCACY NETWORK and ACTIVITIES

II.1 NGO Networking

The project held the following coordination meetings for the Upper Egypt NGOs
and furthermore the project team met Lower Egypt NGOs separately:

- NGO meetings for Upper Egypt Governorates: 2 meetings 3 days each. The
first meeting assessed the progress achieved and the shortcomings occurred
during the first declarations held last year, and evaluate the effectiveness of the
current community initiatives in addition to making relevant recommendations for
the community initiatives based on the assessment of the full time field
specialists. The second meeting was held for the directors and accountants for
incorporating and introducing new rules for the financial reporting and technical in
order to ensure that all technical and financial gaps are closed in the reports
submitted especially that the Upper Egypt NGOs have been on board now for the
3 years.

- NGO meeting for Lower Egypt Governorates: 1 one day meeting held in
January 2006 for establishing all the rules and reporting requirements for the
project.




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The project team held individual meetings with all NGOs on board prior to June
(the 6 months renewal note) in order to assess the work done and finalize and
refine initiatives planned until the end of December 2006.


II.2 Training

Village Profile training for Lower Egypt NGO. The training was held
by project team in collaboration with key field coordinators from the
Upper Egypt NGOs. The project team incorporated key indicators in the
study thus ensuring that the scope of the study focuses closely on local
community attitudes towards FGM specifically and girls' rights issues
generally, in order to define the most effective entry points for the new
villages in addressing FGM. Moreover, the village profile will also focus on
analyzing existing services and community needs in order to develop
effective community initiatives that cater to the actual demands of the
community especially in sectors like education and health which directly
influence the quality of life of families and children.

Village profile training for NGOs was completed in December 2006. In
addition, the consultant completed the training, scheduled field work and
data collection for the village profile in collaboration with the focal NGOs,
to be done in January 2007. The deadline for submitting the draft report
of village profile for Lower Egypt is March 2007.

Media Training. The project contracted a short term consultant in the
second quarter for 4 months as a Media Advisor in order to deliver 2
workshops for media personnel and creative comic book artists. The
project established a preliminary plan of action for addressing unified
messages to the media personnel and under the guidance of the Media
Advisor held 2 Focus Group Discussions primarily for TV and Radio
personnel and another FGD for journalists.
   a) The aim of the FGDs was to assess primary needs of media
       personnel in order to enhance their performance regarding
       introducing child rights issues with a focus on FGM.
   b) Secondly the project held a 3 day workshop for selected media
       personnel to develop a curriculum guideline publication for TV,
       Radio and Press personnel to address FGM within their scope of
       work within a defined framework ensuring that FGM media
       coverage does not instigate negative feelings among the public
       and yet gains both rational and emotional grounds among families
       with girls at risk.Media Personnel guidelines book draft completed
       by media expert and edited by project training coordinator.
   c) Furthermore, the media book incorporated a thorough analysis of
       media works that tackled FGM in the past in addition to the
       progress that happened lately in addressing FGM without confusing
       messages for the various target groups with girls at risk.
   d) The project media advisor also delivered a training course for the
       project UNVs on the different means of documenting project
       activities through field interviews that are taped or shot by a
       Digital Camera, furthermore, the UNVs were also trained on
       utilizing such raw material and presenting it in an attractive form
       that could make a good story of which other young people can
       benefit from.
   e) The project also held a media training workshop for script writers
       and comic strip artists in which FGM was introduced from a
       comprehensive approach thus enabling creative persons to


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       incorporate appropriate messages pertaining to child rights and
       FGM into their work. The participants submitted to the project
       different forms of comic strips and stories and the project will filter
       all materials submitted and produce the most valid work and
       incorporate it in the Anti-FGM kit produced for school children or
       adolescence which represent the largest segment of the targeted
       population that can abandon the practice in upcoming generations.

The project facilitated a focus group discussion for the mid term
evaluation thus incorporating the trend changes in media channels (Press
– TV and Radio) in tackling FGM and also including future
recommendations for the media personnel.


Judges: The project team held several meetings with the head of the Human
Rights Department in the Ministry of Justice, to establish the framework for
collaboration and develop the program agenda for the first training course (3
days) held out of Cairo for 50 Judges and district attorneys. The training was
held in July and the main objectives of the course was 1. to revisit all the national
and international conventions on child rights, 2. to analyze and assess all
legislative measures related with FGM 3. to provide legal personnel with in-depth
information on, social and medical dimensions of FGM within the framework of
the child rights. The workshop searched all the legal implications of FGM and the
importance of advocating properly for a law that punish practitioners like doctors,
dayas, nurses, health barbers etc and provide counseling to families.

The workshop resulted in substantive impact among young judges: a core of
approximately 15 judges volunteered to submit papers on their suggestions of
introducing legal means to protect girls from FGM since there is a clear harm that
is inflicted on the girl child immediately and yet more in the long run. These
judges will participate in the next training to help the dynamics and to encourage
the second team to open up and make other legislative recommendations for the
Attorney General. The recommendations of the workshop were developed by the
Judges and submitted formally through the Human Rights Dept. of the Ministry of
Justice.

Synopsis of Judges Workshop Recommendations pertaining to FGM:

   -   To continue the formulation of legal anti-fgm lobby groups through further
       workshops to iterate and envision a clear law and unified procedure to
       punish practitioners of FGM.
   -   Strengthening the role of concerned institutions whether governmental,
       Non governmental, religious or media persons to develop preventive
       mechanisms for protecting children at risk from all violence forms.
   -   To invest the role of NCCM in revisiting the child law and incorporating key
       violence issues that are addressed at the national, regional and
       international scene.

Three comprehensive research papers were submitted by the selected group of
judges that participated in the legal training workshop. Furthermore, the concept
papers tackled possible social service punishments for parents (like attending a
training course on the detriments of FGM) and as for the practitioners whether
service providers or traditional practitioners like barbers or midwives a severe
punishment is highly recommended in order to reduce the magnitude of the
practice in the future.




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A focus group discussion was held by the Population Council with 15 judges to
assess the impact of training on legal society and the future prospects of
criminalizing FGM in the Egyptian penal code.

Doctors training and the "Doctors Against FGM Civic Movement": The
project team performed a thorough perusal of all the outcomes of the doctors'
training carried end of 2005 and the doctors recommendations are summarized to
the following:

   1. FGM is not a medical practice and is considered a violation of the medical
      code of ethics.
   2. Formulate anti–FGM lobby group from doctors in the different
      governorates where the Free Village Model project is implementing its
      initiatives.
   3. To incorporate FGM as a key violence issue in the curricula addressed for
      doctors in the rural units and med schools.
   4. To extend the project's comprehensive anti-FGM curricula to all doctors
      concerned with the issue in order to enhance their capacity to respond to
      community inquiries when families with girls at risk ask about the decision
      of continuing or abandoning such a practice.
   5. To strengthen the communication and counseling skills of medical
      practitioners in order to enable doctors to deliver clear unified messages
      based on documented scientific grounds to families with girls at risk.
   6. To disseminate the 1996 Minister of Health Decree that bans doctors to
      practice FGM in addition to the supplementary explanatory note that
      accompanies the decree and carry out strong informative campaigns
      amongst local doctors
   7. To effectuate the application of the MOHP decree.
   8. To adjust the loophole in the MOHP pertaining to FGM thus giving no
      excuses for practitioners.

The project completed in collaboration with the Eyoun El Wadi NGO the first
phase of the training for doctors in Aswan on general eye health examinations
and screening for the schools, reproductive health key issues on the most
frequent problems of RH among adolescents and FGM. Furthermore, the project
team started exploring the expansion phase for similar training courses especially
in Qena governorate where there is a lobby group composed of a number of
doctors against FGM. Health service needs in Qena are similar to Aswan
governorate.

Shift in Islamic Religious Institutions attitude toward FGM – In November
2006 Dar el Ifta in collaboration with Al-Azhar and TARGET (a German Islamic
NGO) held an international conference on prevention of practices that violate the
woman's body (FGM only issue discussed). Conference was attended by all key
Islamic heads like the Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar, the Mufti, Minister of
Endowments and key Islamic scholars like Dr. Youssef El Karadawy. NCCM
secretary General, Amb. Moushira Khattab presented an entire profile on FGM
from a comprehensive child rights persepective. The conference is considered to
be a great shift among religious leaders resulting in a serious call for action
against FGM because it is a clear violation of the rights of the girl child. For the
first time a clear unified position of the most eminent Islamic Authorities publicly
states that Islam does not call for FGM, and that FGM is un-Islamic. The
conference requested all legislative organizations to establish a law that condemn
and criminalizes practitioners of FGM
 Furthermore, all local media channels covered the conference recommendations
extensively. The conference received strong media coverage, some positive and
some negative as expected. But most importantly the conference got support


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From the Islamic Papers that have high distribution at governorate level like
The "Loaa El Islami” "Islam on Line", the Islamic website, featured a detailed
reportage on the conference and its positive implications on religious leaders.
(see press coverage analysis enclosed)


II.3 Youth Interventions:

The past year demonstrated that University students have a strong influential
status in their rural communities and some of them have already initiated a
volunteer network advocating stopping FGM. The youth interventions aim at
empowering youth to voice a stronger opinion against FGM and to positively
influence their families and their peers’ attitudes. Furthermore, the UNVs were
able to establish an awareness raising and advocacy component where they
address High School students on FGM as a key harmful practice that violates the
dignity and rights of the girl child. During the second quarter, the UNVs held the
following activities in different Governorates:

Beni Suef: 10 seminars held on FGM with High schools’ board members, in
addition to open seminars for students. Thus introducing FGM as key priority
issue of violence against children in schools. Students created small lobby
groups in schools to convince parents of the detriments of the practice.

Minya: 8 seminars held in UNV villages and high schools where UNVs are
originally working: young girls and boys were encouraged to speak openly about
the detriments of FGM as young people do not see any reasonable rationale
behind practice continuity.

The Helwan University UNVs organized a number of activities targeting FGM in
different youth outlets. They partnered with the High Council for Youth and
collaborated in the youth summer camps during the months June 2006 to mid
September 2006. The schedule was divided between all UNVs and each camp
targeted 250-300 young girls and boys in the youth age group, where the UNVs
advocated for the protection of children rights and the abandonment of the
practice of FGM. Furthermore, the group organized a medical caravan in Kalubia
in addition to the regular follow up visits in the new Lower Egypt governorates.
They received hely from other UNVs in Minya and Beni Suef who also supported
the project team during the Village Profile training. They committed themselves
to support Lower Egypt NGOs during the performance of the village profile.

Ain Shams Med School UNVs: This group established a family group called
Osra Fekra inside the faculty of medicine at Ain Shams University. The group
aims at creating anti-FGM pressure groups in the university. The group chose
one of the renown Ob/Gyn. Professors to lead the group and started gaining
grounds among the students with the introduction of printing examination
notebooks (containing Child rights inserts), and arranging First Aid Training
Courses. They also organized one week training for a group of supportive and
active students tackling FGM from a comprehensive perspective. The training
organized was supported by a number of professors thus reflecting growing anti-
FGM movement inside an Egyptian Med School.

The UNVs organized a one day meeting with project team in October 2006 in
which it was agreed that this meeting will be held monthly in order to enable the
UNVs to exchange their respective experiences and submit their plans regularly
thus getting both their colleague and project team insight on the ultimate priority
issues among youth and the mechanisms for involving larger groups of young
people.


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Most UNVs participated in the sailing the Nile for MDGs Initiative. Amongst the 8
stops, Minya was dedicated to Gender Empowerment with a special focus on
ending violence against women and particularly FGM (see annex I – Minia
Programme).
Eight feluccas were sailing down the Nile, stopping in eight towns from the 26 th of
October starting with UN Day celebrations in Aswan, South Egypt and ending with
International Volunteer's Day and Human Rights Day celebrations in Cairo on the
8th of December. Each felucca represented one of the MDGs and had the
corresponding "arabised" MDG symbol on the sail. The feluccas exposed Upper
Egypt to successful MDG projects involving volunteerism and guided and inspired
local communities to start their own projects to realize the MDGs from a Human
Right perspective and to volunteer in UN- led MDG projects. In addition, various
cultural, sports and arts activities took place in each chosen location. In each
town concrete visible results and tools were left behind benefiting the local
community.
A partnership strategy brought together the United Nations, the Government,
civil society, private sector, media, academia and communities to help build the
capacity and empower the people of Egypt to reach the MDGs through volunteer
efforts.

The initiative in Minia was supported by the anti – FGM movement in Minya
governorate and their insights were incorporated in the film of Sotna/think twice
(UNDP/UNICEF Project) on the practice of FGM in Minya.
More info on www.offshoot.tv were you can download a number of videos
related to the project and on the official web www.sailthenile.org



II.4 Links with other projects and organizations

The project supported the following projects and events related to FGM during
the 2006 above mentioned period:

      40 additional awareness sessions were held in Mansheit Nasser in
       collaboration with the Child Labour Programme. The seminars targeted
       approximately 1500 men and women that led to an Anti-FGM public
       declaration in Manshiet Nasser based on the request of the families that
       attended the seminars. A plan was established to introduce through FGM
       project key initiatives like provide trained medical personnel in existing
       clinic, establish small library in NCCM venue, plan is being established with
       coordinators from Manshiet Nasser and Child Labor project staff.
      3 day training program on anti FGM curriculum held for NCCM related
       project where common grounds for collaboration exists such as the RH
       UNFPA project for Youth and Adolescents, Girls Education Initiative, Child
       Labor and training plan currently under way for the Child Hotline
       Personnel.
      Collaboration with UNFPA RH program combined training course for high
       school students and their supervisors.         The 2 projects agreed on
       continuing to support schools at governorate level as with the number of
       meetings held with students it is clear that they are the most responsive
       group to the issue.
      Support Plan International to develop a project to expand the FGM model
       to other areas using the same framework of the Free Village Model
       Program thus ensuring that the expansion at national level will be in line
       with the national scheme developed for eradicating FGM.                  Plan




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       International is now a partner in the FGM Free Village Model and a
       member of the National Steering Committee.


III. COMMUNITY INITIATIVES

III.1 Community Initiatives

Community Initiatives include the following activities (Awareness & Services):

Beni Suef Governorate:        The focal NGOs concentrated their advocacy efforts
and awareness program on youth in schools, in addition to the continuity of the
home visits held by the field coordinators to the most responsive families in the
villages. Beni Suef is one of the governorates where both NGOs have villages
ready to announce their anti-FGM stance. Furthermore, one village already
drafted their own declaration and held a small local ceremony announcing NO..To
FGM. Furthermore, community services include health environment activities,
supporting the establishment of a medical unit in collaboration with the
community leaders, and the establishment of meeting spots for women in the
villages within the space provided inside the CDAs.

Minya Governorate: The contract was terminated with the Young Muslim Men
Association in February 2006, yet some of the small initiatives in their villages
continued under the supervision of one of the UNVs located in one of the villages
and small initiatives were implemented through the Coptic Church and the Islamic
Charity CDA in the villages. Furthermore, activities included seminars for families
with girls at risk, and continuing to support women to issue National ID Cards. As
for CEOSS, activities include seminars for youth through 78 seminars and camps
in addition to the service component which includes: small loans to families with
girls at risk, establishing meeting spots for local community to utilize during the
different events and supporting girl students to pay their school fees and as a
result enhancing the status of girls in the villages.

Assiut Governorate: The initiatives pertaining to advocacy include seminars for
youth and school students, creating lobby groups of religious leaders, refresher
training for responsive doctors, and as a result creating lobby groups.
Furthermore, seminars are held for community leaders to ensure that they do not
hinder project progress and to feel part of the ongoing movement in the villages.
Service component includes: support establishment of village nursery, support
establishment of women club, support the establishment of medical unit and
providing school scholarships for the most marginalized groups in the villages,
mainly girls. Villages under the 2 NGOs are ready to announce their anti-FGM
stance.

Sohag and Qena Governorates: In Sohag, Kom Gharib Village declared itself
against FGM in June 2006. The declaration was run with a strong participation of
youth activists among other community leaders.           The village is currently
preparing a proposal to announce an initiative that could attract the girls in the
village, bring together the families who are interested in educating their children
properly and improve the quality of life of the families. Other initiatives in the
villages include support to medical units mainly established through key
community leaders donations and seminars for mothers and fathers with girls at
risk held in youth centers or in the homes of the women most concerned with the
issue. Training activities include doctors training that incorporated FGM in the
Sohag University Med School curriculum. Activities on prevention from bird flu
were also introduced in order to cope with the community needs during the
epidemic phase in the earlier part of the year.


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As in Qena governorate the advocacy activities included : Awareness seminars
to youth, women and men (50 seminars) on RH issues with a focus on traditional
harmful practices like early marriage and FGM, and other activities include home
visits to follow up on sustainable attitude of families abandoning the practice. 2
villages in Qena prepared to announce declarations. Service initiatives include:
establishment of small village libraries, upgrading village nursery, and
establishing women development centers for empowering women economically
and socially thus encouraging families to abandon FGM. In Qena governorate a
series of meetings were held with the Social Services Institute, CARITAS and
NCCM for exploring a protocol on Incorporating FGM seminars for the students.
empowering the students with the program messages and basic communication
skills, as they are the future social counselors in schools, who can convince
parents and youth to abandon the practice.             In Marees Village, a local
conference was held in which religious leaders embraced the recommendations of
the Mofti Conference in Al-Azhar during which head religious leaders permitted
and called for the prevention and criminalization of FGM from an Islamic. The
local conference was attended by project staff and there was a strong feeling that
the village religious leaders have a greater understanding of the detriments of
FGM that would lead to encouraging families to abandon the practice.


Aswan Governorate: Advocacy activities include: 50 awareness seminars and
60 FGDs. Service initiatives include: establishment and opening of Family
Medicine Unit in Benban Village in collaboration with Eyoun El Wadi NGO.
Furthermore, activities include creation of anti – FGM doctors lobby in Aswan (one
of the most responsive group of trained doctors). Service initiatives include
preparing 3 technology clubs and 2 Egyptian Girl corners and 8 health education
classes. In December 2 villages in Aswan announced their anti- FGM declarations
(El Aqab and Eneiba) and there was extensive media coverage of the
declarations, available at the project premises. A Documentary film has been
produced to reflect the kwy moments of this important step. (CD included)
Families spoke very openly in media channels (national TV) against the practice.
Furthermore local people called for action against practitioners whether service
providers or traditional practitioners. Aswan also took a big step in announcing
the first civic doctor's anti-FGM declaration in the presence of senior health
representatives and the Director of Aswan Health Directorate, announcing openly
that any doctor who practices FGM is strictly breaking the medical code of ethics
and shall be punished.

IV.1 Television:
    Airing of anti-FGM TV spots in the metro stations for 3 consecutive months
      and during the third quarter spots were re-aired in metro stations as
      constant reminder to the public.
    Shooting of interviews in Sohag of Kom Gharib village Declaration to
      support documentary film prepared by the think twice project.
    Support to several TV programs on national TV that addressed youth by
      incorporating FGM as a key child rights issue.
    Extensive Media coverage of Dar El Ifta Conference and exclusive
      interview was held with the Mufti one day before conference.
    Extensive TV, radio and press coverage of Aswan declarations with focused
      reportages from the field. All TV coverage was strongly geared toward
      banning FGM from all perspectives. Furthermore, the legal perspective
      was also incorporated in the coverage in order to make public more aware
      of the legal implications of FGM.
    Shooting of Documentary film to document the process and development
      of anti-FGM movement in Aswan.



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IV.2 Radio

In response to listeners’ request, the NCCM has produced a sequel to the
programme titled The Girl is Egyptian, which is aired three times a week
(Saturday – Monday & Wednesday) on the Public Radio Network. The programme
offers accurate information on development issue that concerns the Egyptian girl
thus introducing FGM within a complete package of rights for the girl child. The
Radio program provides wide grounds of awareness at the grass root level
especially in the villages where the radio is still considered an equally popular
device to TV. The radio last quarter covered extensively in several episodes the
event of Manshiet Nasser and Sohag Declarations by holding in-depth interviews
with the NCCM Secretary General and project personnel.        Radio program of El
bent Masria was stopped last quarter because listnership is very limited in
Ramadan (all of October 2006) and program will be resumed.


IV.3 Newsletter and other printed material

        Documentation process of First anti-FGM declaration in Benban Aswan in
         book incorporating other development actions in the village after
         declaration by 6 months done by a professional journalist. Book was
         edited revised and printed in the last quarter.(Summary of experience
         published on UNV site in English and final documents under printing.)
        Added positive coverage of issue from all perspective especially in papers
         like Al-Ahram, Al-Akhbar, Sabah El Kheir Magazine.           The noticeable
         increased trend is that journalists are becoming more attracted to getting
         a good story of positive actions taken on legal or medical grounds or
         bringing stories of victims from the field or stories of mothers and fathers
         who showed their courage and abandoned the practice. Extensive press
         coverage on Ifta conference and village declarations some of the press
         was negative but the overall anti- FGM messages were more thus debates
         were geared toward the abandonment of practice.
        Re – Edit of FGM Till When? Manual thus updating project activities, new
         declarations and incorporating latest DHS survey in the manual since
         there is a continued demand especially among educated youth to get
         copies since they can get answers to their questions without getting
         embarrassed infront of their peers. Book was delivered to the printing
         house.

V.   Monitoring and Evaluation

V.1 Mid-Term Evaluation and documentation

Competitive bidding process held by project team and UNDP personnel for
selecting organization (best technically and appropriate financially) for
implementing the documentation process of the project and perform the mid-
term evaluation of the project . The Population Council was selected for the
following reasons:

        Strong in research, evaluation and documentation, best practices in social
         change with focus on reproductive health youth and gender issues which
         are in line with requirements of the Free Village Model mandate as the
         project is interested in change of attitudes in general with a focus on
         young people which is one of the components.
        International Organization with a strong network of international and
         national experts and consultants in the field of social development and
         FGM.


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      FGM: they have a vision, innovative approach and they are expert and
       previous experience in the evaluation of the Tostan Model in Senegal and
       Burkina Faso. The organization also has a renowned experience in
       research related to FGM and sexuality issues in addition to the INTACT
       network on FGM which coordinates efforts related to FGM.
      The proposal submitted responded meticulously to the terms of reference
       of the project and envisioned a clear strategy for both the evaluation and
       documentation process, as it reflected a defined balance between the
       quantitative and qualitative analysis in order to give the project a feel for
       progress and a vision for future prospects in the upcoming phase of
       implementation. The Methodology is in line with what we want: evaluation
       + documentation.
      The Project is also keen on the documentation publication as it gives room
       for proper replication of the model nationally and internationally.

The project collaborated with UNICEF that was in the process of selecting the
Population Council to carry out the evaluation of their FGM programme. Although
UNICEF and UNDP could not conduct a joint evaluation because the projects are
different in scope and strategy, the two organizations decided to share budgets
and information in order to create synergies, avoid replication of costs (for
example development of the questionnaire, some of field visits and the FGDs can
be organized in parallel saving some cost of transportation, and control villages
can be adopted for the two project at the same time…) and get final join
recommendations that will be presented to the steering committee and will be
eventually incorporated into a national unified strategy to stop FGM.

The Methodology of the Evaluation:

The Population Council is:

   1. evaluating the work done during the first phase of the project from 2003
      to 2005 in 6 governorates in Upper Egypt involving 60 target villages, as
      per TOR attached, through qualitative and quantitative research.
   2. documenting the process in order to create an updated, reliable and
      consistent knowledge and information that can be used to support policy
      dialogue on FGM and the transfer of experience to other communities
      across Egypt as well as in other countries where FGM is practiced.

During the last quarter the Population Council performed the data collection for
the evaluation process and 10 UNVs supported the council in the process.
Furthermore, several focus group discussions were held with legal, media, project
staff, and some other concerned organizations.       Preliminary Draft shall be
submitted in the first quarter of the next year.
A summary on the key findings and recommendations will be presented in the
Steering committee Meeting.




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Annex I – Programme in Minia




                 MDG# 3 gender equality and empower women
                         (25-27, November , 2006 )

The first day , 25th November , 2006


10:00                Youth parade of about 200:300 (volunteers from NGO's ,
                     culture palace , schools

11:00                About 150 from the Youth participating in a marathon
                     organized by the council for youth and sports wearing t-
                     shirts with the logos printed on them

11:15                The opening , welcoming the feluccas with some folkloric
                     and traditional dancing and The opening of the NGO's
                     exhibition

11:30                Opening remarks ( the governor , UN spokes person , the
                     NGO representative , NCCM )

11:30 - 12:00        Press conference

12:30 - 1:00         Al-Saed association koral

2:00    - 5:00       Rest

5:00    - 6:30       Shows organized by NGO's
                     (Egypt's women association) on women empowerment
                     (Hawaa the future association) on calling against violence
                     against women
                     (the bible's agency) short documentary movie on gender
                     equality
                     (lessons from life) short documentary movie from caritas


7:00 – 8:00          Folkloric performance (tahteeb)




Second day ,26th November , 2006

10:00 – 12:00        press conference by the National Democratic Party



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12:00 – 1:00      artistic performance by the culture palace

12:00 – 1:30      release paper works from NGO's about
                  - education , by care association
                  - women empowerment , by save the children
                  - women empowerment , by new vision
                  - women empowerment , by save the children

1:30 – 2:30       play by father Christmas group

2:30 – 5:00       rest

5:00 – 6:30       conference on Female Genital Mutilation , by the association
                  of “better life”

7:00 – 8:00       perform a play on women empowerment by Jesuit

8:00 – 9:30       perform folkloric songs, by the singer donya



Third day , 27th November , 2006

10:00 – 12:00     conference on the role of the youth in women empowerment
                  specially girls

12:00 – 1:00      koral performance by the Catholic's diocese

1:00 – 2:00       show cartoons by salama mosa association about the MDG's

2:00 – 3:00       farewell the feluccas and give awards to the volunteers
                  Perform folkloric shows by the culture palace




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Annex II
                     Terms of Reference for
      Documentation and Evaluation of the FGM-Free Village Model


The FGM-Free Village Model started in January 2003 covering 60 villages in 6
governorates of Upper Egypt. Results are very encouraging: the issue is widely
discussed in TV and press (while it was carefully avoided in the past), the
communities have been empowered by the extensive communications and
advocacy campaign, and now we witness a clearly growing trend of rejection,
especially among youth. In June 2005 the first village in Upper Egypt made a
public solemn declaration to prevent the practice of FGM, widely publicized on
national and international TV. Other two public declarations followed in another
governorate (November and December 2005). After two years of using various
educational and training approaches to reach out to families, community leaders,
health workers and religious leaders, some communities are now able to
overcome peer pressure and convince families not to circumcise their girls.
Community life and general participation in other local development issues has
been promoted and energized and volunteerism spread. After three years from
the beginning of the project, a new phase is going to expand and replicate the
initiatives to stop FGM/C to other 60 villages in Upper and Lower Egypt.

In order to have a solid expansion and replication of the successful model
implemented, the project felt the need to document and evaluate the process
and the methodology used by the FGM-Free Village Model Project in order to
create an updated, reliable and consistent knowledge and information that can be
used to support policy dialogue on FGM and the transfer of experience to other
communities across Egypt as well as in other countries where FGM is practiced.
The documentation/evaluation will capture community initiatives and workable
approaches for the various target groups paving the way for a larger scale
replication across the country. Documentation and evaluation are two important
steps that should be conducted by the same Organization in order to minimize
efforts and maximize synergies.

Objectives of the evaluation

UNDP/NCCM have initiated the evaluation and documentation process as an
exercise at the mid-term of the project implementation to collect effective tools
for the replication of the project at national level.

The evaluation and documentation will provide donors, project partners and other
relevant national and international stakeholders with an independent view point
of the status, relevance and performance of the project. It will also assess
whether the project has successfully accomplished its objectives towards the
UNDP Country Programme outcome and the NCCM priorities. In addition to
reviewing technical and managerial aspects, the documentation/evaluation will
analyze the comprehensive and innovative approach adopted by the FGM free
Village Model and the possibilities to replicate the model in other communities.

The findings of the mission shall identify the key elements of success to define
the project as a best practice and at the same time shall help in re-orientation
and re-prioritizing of project activities as needed, and facilitate in addressing
specific issues by the project team. On this basis decisions will be made for the
second half of the project to ensure a successful implementation, an exit strategy
and project sustainability.



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Proposed methodology

The    documentation/evaluation       shall   be     conducted    revising   all  the
documentation/materials available and through participatory evaluation methods
including the use of focus group discussions, in depth interviews, household
surveys, field visits, control groups, etc. that will test and evaluate the approach.
The Organization selected will work in close collaboration with the project team
and the UNDP program officer in charge, who are involved in the process since
the beginning: they will facilitate the link with the local communities, the direct
beneficiaries of the project and other stakeholders involved (ministries,
journalists, doctors, religious leaders, youth…..).

The evaluation team shall analyze the different tools/methodology/approach
adopted by the project and should capture the success of these tools and
methodology related to their contribution to the main objectives of the project
that are as follows:

   1. create a supportive atmosphere versus the abandonment of FGM
   2. spread a unified and appropriate message within and outside the targeted
      villages
   3. Overcome the resistance that was normally challenging previous
      interventions.

The evaluation shall cover the following points:

   1. The process and the methodology used by the FGM free village model
      project
   2. The impact of the project in terms of attitude towards the practice
   3. Recommendations to scale up the project to reach a national coverage.

The prevalence of the practice will be measured relying on the analysis of existing
surveys (EDHS, MOHP study and others) without collecting new data.

The project document, as initially formulated, provided output indicators that
have been monitored during the course of the project implementation and will be
provided to the evaluation team. It’s recommended that the evaluation
documentation shall focus on process and impact indicators that should be
measured at village, governorate, and national levels, including:

       Change in knowledge, language, and terminology on all FGM aspects.
       Change in attitudes; a change from approval to disapproval of the
       practice, or a change in intention to circumcise a daughter.
       Committed people (youth, doctors, religious leaders, NGOs activists,
       media people) advocate against FGM practice.
       Public declaration against the practice in the village.
       Engage new group in the project activities (e.g. school and university
       students, academics, media people, opinion leaders, government officials).
       Public discussion around FGM; is FGM still a taboo in public discussion, or
       FGM issue is raised repeatedly in the press, television, radio, internet,…
       Effectiveness of the project 's approaches and tools;      appropriateness ,
       availability to be replicable, flexibility,




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Scope of the evaluation

The suggested sample should include 15 villages (12 main villages where the
project is working and 2-3 control villages, with an equal distribution per
governorate)
The scope of work should focus on the following aspects:

   1. Basic info. The FGM problem in Egypt, previous efforts against FGM
      especially FGM Task force, the project development process, project funds,
      partners, project strategies built on the lessons learned from previous
      experiences, key achievement so far, the original project document and
      the revised one.

   2. Networking and partnership.

   Model of partnership among government (NCCM), civil society and
   international organization UNDP, other UN agencies and donors) to combat
   FGM. The role of each partner.

          -   At local level. The NGOs as entry point in the communities to the
              CDA, the youth centers and the beneficiaries, their role in the
              governorate, their link with NCCM and the link between
              themselves. The UNV and the volunteers and their link with the
              academia…
          -   At central level. The structure of the project (technical team at
              NCCM and UNDP) , NCCM, the UN agencies, the ministries, the
              national taskfoce on FGM/C, the donors, the other coalition created
              and new potential partners.
          -   At international/regional level. The Cairo Declaration, the
              participation to Nairobi conferences, special support to Mali and
              other countries…Sudan…

   3. Awareness, advocacy and trainings. The different target groups
      (NGOs, youth, doctors, community leaders, journalists, judges….), new
      target groups (school students), how to approach them, when to approach
      them, how to start an advocacy intervention at local level. Training
      modules, the use of NGOs and the use of UNVs and youth, integrating
      training component of FGM in other development programs of NCCM (girls'
      education, reproductive health education for adolescents – child labor…),
      the changes in the NGOs and Youth involved, how their capacity improved.


   4. Community Initiatives.           Criteria for selection of geographical
      interventions, governorates and villages (also for the expansion phase),
      dimension and characteristic of the villages, selection of NGOs and their
      characteristics, contracting NGOs, the grant for the NGO and their
      reporting. Initiation of anti FGM group at village level, as a key element of
      sustainability. The project was able to move from informative seminars
      and workshops towards more service oriented interventions in order to
      have a stronger impact in the communities.


   5. The project was flexible enough to be able to implement demand driven
      interventions. The village profile suggested the services that can serve
      the community as whole so that FGM could be mainstreamed in the daily
      activity, expanding to other projects and not be confined to a single one.
      The project sustainability is based on promoting a community model for


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       addressing FGM whereby interventions are designed to enhance the
       magnitude and range of impact among the community members.

   6. Youth volunteers, how and when the project approached them. Social,
      education and cultural background of the youth. Different approach to
      develop their capacity and form a national network. Their works and
      initiatives.

   7. Communication strategy. The TV spots development, the talk show, the
       toolkit and the manual, the printed materials, the radio, the press , the
       slogan….
       Messages, contents and methodology of the printed materials.
      New approach of religious messages ( Islamic and Christian).
     Public feedback from all communication packages .

   8. Policy intervention and legal framework. Which kind of policy impact,
      which kind of lobby the project pursued and how should it move forward,

   9. Monitoring and evaluation. The village profile as baseline, the fgds, the
      field visits, the mid term evaluation, the reporting tools, the indicators, the
      steering committee.

   10. Key lessons learned and obstacles.

   11. Stories on FGM: success stories, pioneering works, Girls and women
      suffered from FGM speak about their stories, doctors confess their faults….

   12.Exit strategy and sustainability of the project


Proposed time line

Two moths for data collection and analysis
Two month for drafting the report
One month for external review and finalization

REQUIREMENTS OF THE EVALUATION TEAM:

The Organization shall work in development and research field. The organization
should identify and select a multidisciplinary team to work on the evaluation-
documentation task. The team should have experience in the field of FGM and
reproductive health, human rights based approach, socio cultural analysis skills
and extensive experience in the fields of project formulation, execution, and
evaluation. The team of experts should be fluent in English and Arabic also posse
strong writing skills coupled with relevant experience in results-based monitoring
and evaluation techniques.

IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS:

The Organization selected will work in close collaboration with the project team
and the UNDP programme Officer in charge, who are involved in the process since
the beginning: they will facilitate the link with the local communities, the direct
beneficiaries of the project and other stakeholders involved (ministries,
journalists, doctors, religious leaders, youth…..).

The organization will be contracted by UNDP country office in consultation with
NCCM. The Project Staff shall provide all relevant documentation to the team of


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experts and should facilitate all necessary site visits and meetings. The
organization shall arrange all the logistics for the mission including hotel
reservation and transportation during the mission, based on the proposal
submitted.

The mission will maintain close liaison with UNDP Officer in charge and NCCM
Project Team. During the evaluation mission, at least two meetings should be
held to present the status of the work. One meeting will be held after the
completion of the data collection and another one after the first draft of the
report. The first draft should be presented in English.

Two copies of the final draft report (two in English and two in Arabic) should be
submitted for review to UNDP Cairo Office (one for UNDP and one for NCCM). The
final report should be submitted after two weeks of receiving the comments. Two
copies of the final report (two in English and two in Arabic) and one electronic
copy are required.

The findings of the mission will be presented to the members of the Steering
Committee of the project.




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