The Top Ingredients to Avoid in Personal Care Products mascara

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					   The Top Ingredients to Avoid in Personal Care Products

The chemicals in the category of HIGHEST CONCERN are known or suspected
carcinogens. Most are already banned from cosmetic use in the European Union.
These include:

1. Formaldehyde –
on the label as: FORMALDEHYDE; FORMALIN
found in: Nail hardener (OPI)
Health effects: Known human carcinogen, skin sensitizer, lung sensitizer,
immune system toxin, liver toxicant, neurotoxin, respiratory toxicant,
reproductive or developmental harm, corrosive, causes burns, toxic by inhalation,
skin contact and ingestion

2. Phthalates – a synthetic chemical used as a plasticizer (to prevent nail
chips) and added to hairspray to add flexibility; also used as a solvent in
cosmetics
On the label as: DIBUTYL PHTHALATE, DBP, DITHYLHEXYL PHTHALATE,
DEHP. Phthalates may not appear on the label as they may be components of
“fragrances” which need not be further defined, especially if determined to be
“trade secrets”
Found in: nail polish (OPI, maybelline, ULTA, Sally Hansen, cover girl, avon)
Health effects: Reproductive or developmental toxin, endocrine disruptor
(xenoestrogen), skin sensitizer, immune system toxin, kidney toxicant;
prohibited for use in cosmetics in the European Union since September 2004,
dangerous to the environment, toxic to aquatic life. Tests showed higher levels of
phthalates in women of reproductive age than any other group. CDC thought this
difference could derive from personal care product exposures, which might vary
by gender more than exposures from other common consumer products laden
with phthalates (plastic, food wrap, and pharmaceuticals, for example).

3. Toluene –
On the label as: TOLUENE; TOLUOL; TOLUENE
Found in: nail polish & nail treatments (OPI, Orly, among others)
Health effects: possible reproductive or developmental toxin, form toxic
breakdown products, thought to possibly cause cancer in humans, immune
system toxin, liver toxicant, kidney toxicant, neurotoxin, respiratory toxicant,
skin toxicant, water pollutant

4. Petroleum distillates – added as a water repellant
On the label as: PETROLEUM DISTILLATE; PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON;
PETROLEUM DISTILLATES
Found in: waterproof mascara (max factor, maybelline, Revlon, cover girl)
Health effects: possible human carcinogen, may break down into cancer-causing
chemicals, neurotoxin, liver toxicant, wildlife and environmental toxicity,
prohibited for use in cosmetics in the European Union

5. Acrylamide
On the label as: ACRYLAMIDE
Found in: Very select moisturizers (Giorgio Armani, Estee Lauder)
Health effects: California proposition 65 as carcinogen, EPA hazardous air
pollutant, possible human carcinogen, may contain harmful impurities or form
toxic breakdown products, skin sensitizer, neurotoxin

 6 BHA - synthetic preservatives, approved for use in food and cosmetics
On the label as: BHA; BUTYLHYDROXY ANISOLE; BHA; BHA/BHT;
BUTYLHYDROXYANISOL
Found in: Revlon lipstick, Almay lip gloss and foundation, Skintimate shave gel,
Revlon eye shadow, foundation and bronzer, Max Factor mascara, among others
Health effects: possible human carcinogen, endocrine disruptor, skin sensitizer,
liver toxicant, neurotoxic, respiratory toxicant, wildlife and environmental
toxicity.

7. Lead Acetate – color additive
On the label as: LEAD ACETATE
Found in: Grecian formula
Health Effects: known human reproductive/development toxin, possible human
carcinogen, prohibited for use in European Union

8. Dimethylamine
On the label as: DIMETHYLAMINE
Found in: select hair conditioners (Joico, John Frieda)
Health Effects: immune system toxin, liver toxicant, neurotoxin,
cardiovascular/blood toxicant, respiratory toxicant; prohibited for use in
cosmetics in European Union

9. Selenium sulfide
On the label as: SELENIUM SULFIDE
Found in: anti-dandruff shampoos (Head and Shoulders, Selsun Blue)
Health Effects: probable human carcinogen according to the EPA, liver toxicant,
kidney toxicant, neurotoxin
10. Coal Tar
On the label as: TOPICAL COAL TAR SOLUTION; COAL TAR; SOLUBILIZED
COAL TAR EXTRACT; NEUTAR SOLUBILIZED COAL TAR EXTRACT, coal tar
dyes (2-nitro-P-phenylenediamine)
Found in: therapeutic shampoos for dry scalp, psoriasis (Neutrogena T-Gel,
among others), coal tar hair dyes (Clairol, L’Oreal, Revlon and others)
Health Effects: known human carcinogen, liver, skin and respiratory toxicant,
prohibited for use in cosmetics in European Union. The specific components of
coal tar used in hair dyes — aromatic amines — have been shown to mutate DNA
and to cause cancer in animals. An increasing number of studies of humans link
long-time hair dye use with cancer, including bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin's
lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. In seven of 10 populations studied (from the
US, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Japan), scientists found elevated
incidence of bladder cancer among hairdressers, barbers, beauticians and
cosmetologists exposed to hair dyes — 40 percent higher, on average, than
population-wide risks.

11. Hydroquinone
On the label as: 1,4-BENZENEDIOL; 1,4-DIHYDROXYBENZENE; P-
DIOXYBENZENE; 4-HYDROXYPHENOL; P-HYDROXYPHENOL;
1,4BENZENEDIOL1,4-BENZENEDIOL; 1,4-DIHYDROXYBENZENE; P-
DIOXYBENZENE; 4-HYDROXYPHENOL; P-HYDROXYPHENOL;
1,4BENZENEDIOL
Found in: Skin fading/lightenener; skin bleaching agent
Health effects: strong evidence of human neurotoxicity; strong evidence of skin
toxicant; limited evidence of immune system toxicity; known human respiratory
toxicant; limited evidence of carcinogenicity; proven endocrine disruption in
animals

12. Phenol
On the label as: BENZENOL; CARBOLIC ACID; HYDROXYBENZENE; LIQUID
PHENOL; OXYBENZENE; PHENYL ALCOHOL
Found in: medicated lip balm (chapstick, Blistex, carmex), diaper cream
(calmoseptine)
Health effects:
Ingredients of MODERATE CONCERN due to their potential to be
contaminated with or form toxic breakdown products linked to cancer and/or
high incidence of sensitization (allergic reaction) including rash, redness,
swelling, blisters, sores, lumps, coughing, sneezing, shortness of breath,
wheezing.

13. Parabens – synthetic preservatives
On the label as: METHYLPARABEN, PROPYLPARABEN,
ISOPROPYLPARABEN, BUTYLPARABEN
Found in: thousands of personal care products
Health effects: potential breast carcinogen, potential endocrine disruptor, skin
sensitizer, Cosmetics Ingredient Review Committee considers parabens to be
hormonally active. In January 2004 research published in the Journal of Applied
Toxiciology found parabens in 20 human breast tumours. Source may be
personal care items applied to the underarm, upper body area (lotions, anti
perspirants). CHECK THE LABELS IN THE HEALTH FOOD STORE. SOME
PRODUCTS STILL CONTAIN PARABENS WHILE OTHER LINES HAVE
PHASED THEM OUT.

14. Synthetic Fragrances
On the label as: “fragrance” – companies do not need to be any more specific
than this. Found in: perfume, cologne
Health effects: “Fragrance” is an unspecified mixture of chemicals that have been
linked to potential for immune and nervous system toxicity. Hypersensitivity
responses to fragrances dominate over all other sensitivity responses to other
ingredients. Studies have shown that fragrances may not only be a trigger, but a
cause of asthma in some cases

15. Synthetic colors
On the label as: D&C Blue 6, Ext D&C Red 1, Ext D&C Green 1, Ext D&C Red 3,
FD&C Red 3, FD&C 6, HC Blue 2, Acid Yellow 3, Acid Blue 3
Found in: Bonnie Bell lip gloss, some depilatory creams, Oral B kid’s toothpaste,
hair colours
Health effects: GI and liver toxicant, unknown, these are banned or not approved
for use in cosmetics

16. PEG compounds – synthetic plant glycols are used as binders, solvents,
emollients, plasticizes, bases, carriers, emulsifiers and dispersants. They cause
many allergic reactions (low)
On the label as: PEG-12 DISTEARATE; PEG-3 DISTEARATE; PEG-150
DISTEARATE; PEG-150 DISTERATE; PEG-150 DISTEARATE
Found in: baby shampoo, soaps
Health Effects: may contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown
products linked to cancer or other significant health problems (ethylene oxide)
17. Hydantoins
On the label as: DMDM hydantoin
Found in: over 1,000 personal care products including moisturizers (St Ives,
among others), daily hydrating cloths (Dove), L’Oreal kids shampoo, Vaseline
intensive care moisturizer
Health Effects: skin sensitizer; may form toxic breakdown products linked to
cancer (formaldehyde)


18. Diazolidinyl Urea
As listed on the labels: DIAZOLIDINYL; DIAZOLIDINYL UREA
Found in: thousands of body care products – lotions, body spray, after shave
(L’Oreal, Avon, Neutrogena, among others)
Health Effects: may contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown
products (formaldehyde) linked to cancer or other significant health problems,
skin sensitizer, neurotoxin, liver toxicant

19. Lauramide DEA
On the label as: lauramide DEA
Found in:
Health Effects: potentially contaminated with or breaking down into chemicals
(free ethanolamines, nitrosamines) linked to cancer or other significant health
problems; amines can form carcinogenic nitrosamine compounds on the skin or
in the body after absorption if mixed with nitrosating agents.

20. Petrolatum – petroleum derived
On the label as: petrolatum
Found in: hundreds of personal care products including Clinique, Lubriderm,
Estee Lauder, Physican’s formulas, Elizabeth Arden
Health Effects: may contain harmful impurities or form toxic breakdown
products (PAH’s), restricted in cosmetics in the European Union

21. Cocamidopropyl betaine and related petroleum-based compounds
– a sudsing agent
On the label as: VELVETEX BK-35; COCAMIDOPROPYL BETAINE;
COCAMIDOPROPYL SULTAINE
Found in: thousands of products – baby bubble bath, shampoo, soap,
mouthwash, as a sudsing agent – including some “natural” brands found in
health food stores
Health Effects: potentially contaminated with or breaking down into chemicals
(nitrosamines) linked to cancer or other significant health problems; skin
sensitizer.
22. Sodium laureth sulfate and related petroleum-based compounds
– a detergent
On the label as: sodium laureth sulfate, sodium laureth-12 sulfate, sodium
laureth-8 sulfate, sodium lauryl ether sulfate, sodium myreth sulfate, olefin
sulfonate.
Found in: hundreds of products, primarily sudsing products (bubble bath,
shampoos, soaps, shaving cream) – including leading drugstore/department
store brands and major health food store brands (including JASON’s “Pure,
Natural & Organic Soap, Kiss My Face, Obsessively Organic Soap).
Health effects: potentially contaminated with or breaking down into chemicals
linked to cancer or other significant health problems (Possible impurity: ethylene
oxide and 1,4-dioxane). 1,4-Dioxane is a known animal carcinogen and probable
human carcinogen as well as a skin and lung irritant. It is strongly suspected to
be toxic to the kidneys and nervous system. It also appears on California’s
Proposition 65 list of substances known to cause cancer or birth defects. Lab
results released in February 2007 revealed 1,4-Dioxane contamination in kids’
bath products, as well as some adult products, exceeded FDA guidelines of 10
PPM (Hello Kitty bubble bath 12 ppm, Johnson’s watermelon explosion shampoo
10 ppm, Clairol Herbal Essences 34 ppm, Olay complete body wash 34 ppm).

 Alternatives: decyl polyglucose. Decyl Polyglucose (corn, coconut and palm oil
extracts) is considered to be part of a new generation of surfactants. It is readily
biodegradable, is an effective, gentle cleaner, extremely mild, performs well in
hard water conditions, low in toxicity and clinical tests have shown it to be non
irritating, even at high concentrations and extended exposure.


23. Triethanolamine – used as a pH adjuster, an emulsifier and preservative
On the label as: TEA
Found in: thousands of personal care products – moisturizers, shaving cream,
cosmetics, acne treatments – including some natural brands
Health Effects: can form carcinogenic nitrosamine compounds on the skin or in
the body after absorption, if mixed with nitrosating agents. Limited evidence of
carcinogenicity, skin sensitizer, immune system toxin, respiratory toxicant,
potential asthmagen, according to the Association of Occupational and
Environmental Clinics (AOEC),

24. Propylene glycol and similar petroleum-derived compounds – used as a
penetration enhancer
On the label as PROPYLENE GLYCOL
Found in: thousands of personal care products - hair colour, body lotion, eye
cream, body wash, mascara, baby toothpaste (Oral B)
Health effects: skin irritation, skin sensitizer
 25. Talc
On the label as: TALC
Found in: Face powder, body powder, baby powder, cosmetics
Health effects: Talc is a naturally occurring mineral which can be contaminated
with asbestos. Asbestos-contaminated talc is carcinogenic. In the 1990’s US
National Toxicology Program report found that cosmetic grade talc caused
tumours in animals, even though it contained no asbestos-like fibers. In the
1970’s researchers found particles of talc embedded in 75 percent of ovarian
tumors studied.

26. Aluminum Zirconium complexes
On the label as: ALUMINUM ZIRCONIUM TETRACHLOROHYDREX GLY,
Found in: anti-perspirants/deodorants (Secret, Sure, Old Spice, among others)
Health effects: banned or restricted for use in cosmetics by the FDA. Restricted
in European Union cosmetics.

Source: Skin Deep Database, The Environmental Working Group, 2007
(www.ewg.org)

				
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Description: The Top Ingredients to Avoid in Personal Care Products mascara