BIO-REMEDIATION

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					BIO-REMEDIATION
  AN ENVIRONMENTAL
     ALTERNATIVE
OIL AND HYDROCARBONS
       • Oil is found in thousands of useful
         products we use every day, but it carries
         with it some potential problems

       • Oil is a product of the Earth, if not
         handled properly it can be harmful to
         the environment

       • Fuel oil is made up of chains of
         hydrocarbons

       • Oil spills on land or water are mostly
         caused by accidents involving tankers,
         barges, pipelines, refineries and storage
         facilities including heating oil tanks
             OIL SPILL CLEAN - UP
A WIDE RANGE OF TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES ARE USED TO CLEAN OIL SPILLS

• Mechanical containment is used to capture and store spilled
  oil until it can be disposed of properly

• Containment and recovery equipment includes a variety of
  booms, barriers and skimmers, and materials that absorb oil


• Microbial Bio-remediation
         What is BIO-REMEDIATION
• Bio-remediation uses micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, green
  plants or enzymes) to return an environment altered by
  contaminants back to its original condition ( NOT pristine
  condition)

• MOE requirements to acceptable criteria

• Microbes are everywhere, found in: soil, water, air, plants,
  minerals, animals and even in humans

• A single teaspoon of soil may contain over 1,000,000,000
  bacteria, 120,000 fungi and 25,000 algae
      What is BIO-REMEDIATION
• Bio-remediation allows natural processes to clean up
  harmful chemicals in the environment

• Microbes in the soil and groundwater digest harmful
  chemicals found in gasoline and oil spills

• Lead ,PCBs, TCE are also included in our remediation
  program

• The byproducts of microbe digestion is water and simpler
  compounds that do not affect the environment
     IS BIO-REMEDIATION SAFE?
• Bio-remediation is very safe because it relies on
  microbes that naturally occur in soil

• NO chemicals are used in Bio-remediation

• Nutrients are added to the soil to ‘kick-start’
  microbial activity

• The nutrients we add are commonly used on lawns and
  gardens
      IS BIO-REMEDIATION SAFE?

• Bio-remediation destroys harmful chemicals, converting them
  into water and harmless gases

• Golden uses an independent lab for testing at the beginning
  and closing of a project to ensure MOE criteria has been met

• Golden works with all regulators regarding contaminated site
  clean-up

• Remediation plans are designed by Golden and pre-approved
  by the MOE
MICROBES
            THE RIGHT CONDITIONS



• For optimum microbial growth, the right temperature, nutrients
  and amount of oxygen must be present in the soil and
  groundwater

•    When conditions are too cold or the soil is too dense Golden
    Environmental Services might dig up the soil (Biopiling) and clean
    it above ground using heaters and soil mixing to improve
    conditions
         THE RIGHT CONDITIONS

• Oxygen may be added by simply stirring the soil, using
  aeration devices, or adding oxidizers

• To remediate groundwater, wells are drilled and the water is
  pumped into storage tanks or MTU

• The water is mixed with nutrients and oxygenated, then
  pumped back into the ground to enhance the bio-
  remediation process
     Water Surface Clean-up
  BOOMS: Contain and           PADS: Sorbent pads are
         concentrate the             useful on oil
         spill to make               sheens and thin
         collection easier           slicks that are too
                                     scattered for
                                     skimming




SKIMMERS: Skimmer            BURNING:    In-situ or “in-
          boats/trucks                   place” burning of
          skim spilled                   freshly spilled oil,
          oil from the                   usually while it’s
          water surface                  floating on the
          or beaches                     water
        In-Situ          VS. “Dig & Dump”
     GOLDEN Services may use both Methods
IN-SITU                           DIG & DUMP
Advantages:                       Advantages:
• Less costly                     • Less time needed to
• Less intrusive                    remediate
• Little or NO
  environmental impact
                                  Disadvantages:
                                  • More costly
Disadvantages:
                                  • More intrusive
• Longer time needed for
   remediation                    • More regulated
• Timelines are guidelines, not   • Does not solve the problem,
   deadlines                         simply relocates it
On land ....... or on water ......




Selective absorption immediately contains the problem, eliminating
the hazards of flammability and toxicity to plant & animal life
      REGULATIONS LIMIT DISPOSAL

• Federal regulations define hazardous waste
• Provincial regulations are adding restrictions i.e.
  Spills and Compliance 133
• May require TCLP assay
• Leaching leads to contaminated aquifers
•      Landfills
      •   Non-biodegradable material fill landfills
      •   Millions of pounds of clay have been placed in landfills
      •   Many landfills have outlawed the disposal of clay
      •   Golden uses SybrSorb® and here’s why
  WHY USE BIO-REMEDIATION
• Golden Environmental Service uses Bio-remediation
  because it takes advantage of natural processes

• Polluted soil and groundwater can be cleaned at the
  site; if the right conditions exist or can be created
  underground, soil and groundwater can be cleaned
  without having to dig or pump out

• Cleanup workers will avoid contact with polluted
  soil and groundwater
    WHY USE BIO-REMEDIATION
• Bio-remediation prevents the release of
  harmful gases into the air; microbes change
  the harmful chemicals into water and
  harmless gases

• Bio-remediation does not usually require as
  much equipment or labour as most other
  methods, resulting in reduced costs

• Bio-remediation has successfully cleaned up
  many polluted sites across this great country
                 BENEFITS

• Reduced costs to all stakeholders
• Proven methods i.e. Annual sales worldwide
  of this product in ‘06 = 1.5 Billion dollars
• Environmentally safe
• Partnered with leaders in the industry
• Support staff available
• Technical and research support ongoing
                  License and Insurances
Full Liability Coverage
 Golden carries liability insurance for all services including environmental in
situ bio stimulation

Environment Canada Approved
All of Golden’s environmental products have been approved by
Environment Canada for use across Canada

MOE Certificate of Approval (C of A)
 Golden carries a mobile C of A license (#7276-6LDQ4L) for Ontario allowing
immediate response to hydrocarbon spills and contamination

Full Workman's Compensation Coverage
All technicians and staff are fully covered by Workman’s Compensation
 Golden Environmental Services
• Emergency recovery services, tanker vacuum
  trucks

• Complete restoration repairs, including any
  and all structural repairs, soil removal and
  replacement

• Site cleanup, interior-exterior and debris
  removal
 Golden Environmental Services
• Emergency inventory and pack-out of contents
  into safe storage

• Trained in applied microbiology restoration
  and containment procedures

• Supported by an international organization in
  microbiology research
  Developing an extensive culture bank

  Over 2400 strains




Each for a specific application..
E.g. Sewage & mould treatment
Golden Environmental Services
There are many methods of decontaminating our soil and water.
Traditional methods are costly and do not eliminate the problem but sell
the problem to someone else.

Landfills are being filled at an alarming rate; these contaminants leach into
our ground water so it is no wonder that communities do not want to have
landfills in their back yards.
Golden Environmental Services
Oil spills and other pollutants generate an enormous public
and government concern which prompts the continuous
demands for advances in this ever expanding science. This
science will also provide cost effective and environmental
acceptable mitigation technologies.

Bio-remediation is an environmentally sound technology for
the cleanup of oil and other Hydrocarbons, and TCE. In-situ
remediation is the viable answer and will soon be the
standard in the future.

            We would like to thank you for your time and interest
   Golden Environmental Services
To find out more…

For more information on all Golden’s services, please contact:

      Ron Trivett

      Allen Charron B.Sc. CME
Toll Free:   1-800-414-2404
Local:       705-726-3921
Fax:         705-721-1599
Email:       golden@goldencontracting.com

				
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