TAC –BSA by wuyunyi

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									            Transatlantic Council                     Boy Scouts of America


                                   TAC –BSA
The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide

The Peace Trail is an historical trail in The Hague – the Netherlands. It is designed to give
you an opportunity to learn more about the Peace Palace, its history and its role in solving
disputes and so to maintain world peace, today and in the future.
The International Court of Justice acts as the judicial branch of the United Nations and settles
disputes between member countries. It is also the setting of war crimes trials. Therefore The
Hague is, after New York, the second UN city in the world.

This leaders’ guide will give you the information you need to walk the Trail. There are
sections with information on how to get there, the route to follow, the opening hours of the
museum etc. The section with background information will explain more of the history behind
this remarkable endeavour to solve disputes and maintain world peace.


When and where

The focus of this Trail is the Peace Palace. Another interesting place to visit is the Museon
museum with a permanent exhibition about justice and peace for young people.

Plan your trip according to these opening hours:
the Peace Palace can be visited on weekdays (Monday to Friday) by appointment only!
The appointment has to be made in advance.
Guided tours (also in English) are offered daily at 1000, 1100, 1400 and 1500 hours. On
Saturday and Sunday, the Palace is closed. Reservation can be made by phone on +31 70 302
4137 or by email guidedtours@planet.nl

Museon is open Tuesday up to and including Sunday from 1100 till 1700 hours.

Combining these opening hours means that the Trail can be done as a one-day event on
Tuesday up to and including Friday. Reservations for the Peace Palace tour are obligatory so
start by booking you tour there and then plan your visit to the Museon around the visiting
hour you have been given. It will probably be most practical to start at Museon (parking
space) and then walk to the Peace Palace.

The Palace is also closed on days that the International Court is in session. Visiting the Palace
means visiting a building used by many people working there daily. Entering the Palace you
pass through a security check (metal detection walk-through for persons and X-ray for
luggage). The security check is for weapons etc, so do not take (pocket) knives when you visit
the building!




                             The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
               Transatlantic Council                 Boy Scouts of America

How to get to the Peace Palace and Museon

The Peace Palace is located at the Carnegieplein in The Hague. To get to it, The Hague
public transportation (trains, trams and busses) can be a good alternative to driving. Museon
is on Stadhouderslaan 37, The Hague, +31(0)70 338 1338, info@museon.nl.

 By public transportation (train/tram/bus):
Museon:
   - bus 24 from Central Station (direction Kijkduin), 'Museon' stop
   - tram 17 from Central Station and Hollands Spoor station (direction Statenkwartier),
       'Museon' stop
   - bus 21 from Scheveningen (direction Berestein), 'Statenplein' stop
Peace Palace:
   - tram 1 from Hollands Spoor station (direction Scheveningen Noorderstrand),
       Vredespaleis stop
   - bus 4 from Central Station (direction Kijkduin), Vredespaleis stop

 By car:
Museon
  - from Amsterdam take the A4 motorway to The Hague
  - from Utrecht take the A12 (E30) to The Hague
  - from Rotterdam take the A13 (E19) to The Hague
- at Prins Clausplein, follow the A12 to The Hague;
- when entering The Hague, follow signs for 'Kijkduin' and ‘ Museon’;
- turn off 'Kijkduin' onto viaduct, find Omniversum on your right next to the Golden Tulip
  Bel Air Hotel,
- Museon is on the corner of President Kennedylaan and Stadhouderslaan

 Parking
You can park at Museon. On busy days, the parking lot can be full. You can also park at the
Golden Tulip Bel Air Hotel. Parking here is free for the first half hour. The fee for every next
hour is € 1.50. There also is a carpark near Museon. The Peace Palace is a walk away.

GPS-coordinates: 52.08871, 4.27992




Peace Palace, The Hague




                             The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
               Transatlantic Council                 Boy Scouts of America




Museon, The Hague


The Museon.
A permanent exhibition covering a wide variety of topics, including ‘Justice and Peace’ (see
map of first floor, number 14).
Find out what happens in the area of justice, peace and security. Rules are everywhere, from
the school yard to the city, from the state to the nation, from the nation to the international
community. Without the rule of the law, the strongest and the most powerful determine what a
crime is and what its punishment. Without the law, there is injustice and there are conflicts.
There is no peace without the rule of law. Sometimes conflicts cannot be resolved and a
judge´s help is needed. Countries can do the same thing. They turn to the international judges
at the Peace Palace in The Hague and ask for a ruling. Which country is right, which is the
appropriate punishment?

At the Museon exhibition, you can step into a judge´s shoes. Here you can also discover what
coffee has to do with peace. Or a pipe or a tiger tooth. How are the first laws? Who owns the
seas? Or the moon?

As you can see on the map (next page), Museon offers a wide variety of topics. From ancient
Egypt to the North Pole, from volcanoes to Arabic culture. Part of the exhibition is explained
in English.


Walk the Trail
Start with a visit to Museon, Stadhouderslaan 37, and walk through part of The Hague to the
Peace Palace, Carnegieplein 2. It is only 2 kilometers.
From Stadshouderlaan, walk in the direction in which the house numbers rise until the
intersection with Groot Hertoginnenlaan.
Turn left and follow Groot Hertoginnelaan for 0.7 kilometers. Follow the curve in the road to
the left to Carnegielaan. After 0.6 kilometers you will have reached Carnegieplein.




                             The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
            Transatlantic Council              Boy Scouts of America

Museon ground floor




1. Mini auditorium
2. Laboratory
3. Creative corner
4. Restaurant
5. Front desk
6. Payment desk
7. entrance/exit
8. Lift
9. Shop
10. Wardrobe
11. Lift to auditorium
12. Stairs to auditorium




                           The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
             Transatlantic Council                Boy Scouts of America

Museon 1e Floor




1. Romans behind the Dunes                10. Dutch in Japanese camps

2. Netherlands Water land                 11. Al Arab

3. The first coastal inhabitants          12. Coming and going

4. Animals                                13. Water and fire

5. The Polar Room                         14. Justice and peace

6. Habit                                  15. Children in wartime

7. Setup exhibition                       16. Tropical rainforest

8. Volcanoes and earthquakes              17. Prehistory of the Netherlands

9. High lands / low lands                 18. Ancient Egypt




                              The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
            Transatlantic Council                       Boy Scouts of America

Camping at Dutch Scouting Label sites near The Hague:

 Labelterrein Staelduin
Maasdijk 168, 2691 NX, 's Gravenzande (about 30 kilometers from the Peace
Palace), tel. +31 174 416 666, Rob Rosier, reserverations +31 70 427 6865
staelduin@scouting.nl

 Getting there by bus
From Hoek van Holland and 's-Gravenzande, take bus 128 (direction Delft) or
from Naaldwijk, take bus 128 (direction Hoek van Holland)
leave the bus at the Heenweg stop near the café
walk down Heenweg, cross the dyke, finding the Staelduinhoeve farm.
The site is behind the farm.

 By car from The Hague
Drive to Monster (direction Hoek van Holland)
after ‘s Gravenzande before you reach Hoek van Holland turn left at the De Viersprong traffic
lights onto the dyke towards Rotterdam (N220)
at the Staelduinsebos sign, turn right onto the slip road
60 meters ahead of the traffic lights, find the Staelduinhoeve farm.
The site is behind the farm.

 By car from Rotterdam
Drive to Hoek van Holland
after Maassluis, you are on the dyke (N220)
just after the Heenweg exit on the right, move to the left lane at the traffic lights
turn left onto the slip road (NOT PAPEDIJK)
60 meters ahead of the traffic lights, find the Staelduinhoeve farm.
The site is behind the farm.


 Labelterrein Bieslandse Bos

Noordweg 101, 2641 ZA Pijnacker, +31 15 369 9073


 Getting there by car
From the ferries, take the A13 The Hague-Rotterdam motorway, take exit 8 'Nootdorp / Delft-
noord / Rijswijk-Zuid', or from the east, take the A12, exit 5 'Nootdorp / Forepark'
follow the signs to Nootdorp and then Pijnacker
follow the main road until you reach a windmill
drive past the windmill, and just before the greenhouse, take the small road to the right; this is
at road marker 1,0 (a tiny green sign poking out of the grass).
Parking is on this path; walk left over the cycling path to your left and after 50 meters, you
will reach the entrance of the camp site.

BEWARE! Cars are not allowed on the cycling path or on the campsite. There are pulling
carts to transport luggage.




                              The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
           Transatlantic Council                    Boy Scouts of America

By public transport

 From the The Hague central railroad station or Hollands Spoor station, take tram 15 to its
  final Nootdorp Centrum stop
  from there you either walk about 4 km to Pijnacker or you can take bus 131 to the
  St.Janshof (cemetery stop)
  then walk about 500 meters in the direction of Pijnacker and you will find the campsite on
  your right just before you get to the Shell petrol station.
 From the The Hague central railroad station, take Randstad Light Rail to Pijnacker
  walk for 20 minutes (2.5 km) to the camp site.

 Busses 60 and 62 will take you from Delft central station to Nootdorp
  from there you either walk about 4 km to Pijnacker or you can take bus 131 to the
  St.Janshof (cemetery stop)
  then walk about 500 meters in the direction of Pijnacker and you will find the campsite on
  your right just before you get to the Shell petrol station.



Who and what to bring

All BSA members are eligible to walk the Peace Trail.

The trail takes about four hours to complete: about two hours at Museon, one hour at the
Peace Palace plus an hour to get from one location to the next.
The length of the trail makes it suitable for Cubs as well as Boy Scouts.
Den leaders should pay some attention to adjusting the background information to make it
more digestible for the younger ones. Family members are invited to walk the trail.
While walking the trail, every hiker is requested to wear his Scout uniform. Be aware that in
your uniform, you represent BSA. Setting the right example is everyone’s responsibility

Don’t forget: travelling to The Hague means you will need to file a TRANSATLANTIC
COUNCIL TOUR PERMIT. Being on a trail, you will need a BSA Class 1 Personal Health
and Medical History Form for every Scout completed within the last 12 months.


Be prepared

Peace Palace guided tours:
Adults                            €5
Children (up to 13)               €3
Groups (more than 20 people)      € 4 per person

Museon:
Adults                            € 7.50
Children up to 11 (12-18)         € 4 (6)



                             The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
           Transatlantic Council                      Boy Scouts of America



                   Other attractions: The Hague is home to the Dutch parliament and
                   offers around 30 other museums. The nearby beach of
                   Scheveningen is a place for adventure such as kite surfing and to
                   simply soak up the sun. You can wander the four-kilometer long
                   beach or find peace and quiet a five-minute walk away in the sand
                   dunes where you can hike and cycle.


The following equipment is recommended:
 comfortable walking shoes or hiking boots
 rain gear (it is the Netherlands you are visiting after all)
 small day pack, to carry your photo equipment, snacks, drinks in
 camera and film
 emergency phone numbers: hospital, Scout Office, home and parents
 small amount of euros for souvenirs, drinks, meals, etc.
 first aid kit
 copies of physical health forms for every hiker
 approved Tour Permit.




Emergency number in the Netherlands: 112
(International dialling code the Netherlands: 0031)




                             The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09
           Transatlantic Council                        Boy Scouts of America


Ten questions to complete the Peace Trail.
   1. Q: In the inner courtyard of the Peace Palace, there is a fountain decorated with seals and
       polar bears. Which country presented this fountain as a gift to the Peace Palace?
       A: Denmark
   2. Q: Italy donated the ground floor of the Palace. How many mosaic tiles were used for the
       floor?
       A: 12 million
   3. Q: What is the text of the inscription at the entrance hall in the Peace Palace and what does
       it mean?
       A: Sol Justitiae Illustra Nos, the sun (rays) of justice illuminate us.
   4. Q: The lampposts illuminating the side of the stairs in the main hall were donated by Austria.
       What are they made of?
       A: Gold
   5. Q: In what year was the first International Peace Conference?
       A: 1899
   6. Q: Who took the initiative to hold the first Peace Conference?
       A: Czar Nicholas II of Russia.
   7. Q: Who donated huge sums of money to build the Peace Palace in The Hague?
       A: The Scot Andrew Carnegie who immigrated to America and made his fortune in the steel
       industry. He also funded the building of the Carnegie Hall in 1890 in New York.
   8. Q: America donated a statue of Lady Justice. Why is this modern image not blindfolded and
       are the usual sword and balances not depicted?
       A: This modern version is believed to be so filled with justice that she doesn’t need these
       attributes.
   9. Q: Who hosted the first Peace Conference and where was it held?
       A: Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands hosted the conference in her Palace ‘Huis ten
       Bosch’ in The Hague.
   10. Q: Outside the Peace Palace facing the mean entrance, you see a tower on the left side of
       the building. What happened to the originally planned identical tower on the right hand side
       of the building?
       A: It was never built. All the money had already been spent so the decision was made to
       leave out the right hand side tower.




                              The Peace Trail – Leaders’ guide
Version 10.11.09

								
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