Barr’s Emerger Materials Hook: 18-24 Mustad 94840 or Tiemco 200R Thread : Gray 8/0 or smaller Tail: Brown hackle fibers Abdomen: Brown Olive Superfine dubbing Thorax: Adams Gray Superfine dubbing Wingcase and legs: Gray hackle fibers Step 1. Lay down a thread base and tie in 6-8 brown hackle fibers. Cinch down fibers a little past the bend and clip the fibers off flush. The tail is intended to suggest a trailing shuck. Step 2. Create a tapered abdomen to about two-thirds hook shank. Step 3. Tie in 12-20 gray hackle fibers to form the wingcase then wrap a thorax with gray dubbing. Step 4. Pull the wing case over the dubbed thorax and secure near the hook eye with a couple of thread wraps. Then divide the remaining hackle fibers and fold them back along each side to form legs. Clip the leg fibers off flush and just longer than the wingcase. This pattern can also be tied in PMD colors Gun Metal Midge Pupa Materials Hook: 18-24 Tiemco 2487 or other curved shank scud hook Thread : Black 8/0 or smaller Rib: Fine silver wire Wing Tuft: White Antron, CDC or similar material Bead: Midge size Killer Caddis or similar glass bead Step 1. Bend down barb and insert hook point through small hole of bead. A bead picker made from the hook side of Velcro makes this tedious chore much easier. Step 2. Lay down thread base and tie in silver wire to a point parallel with tip of hook eye. Make two additional wraps behind the wire. Step 3. Build a tapered abdomen covering the tag end of the wire. Use a rocking motion with the first layer or two of thread wraps for a smooth transition. Step 4. Spiral the wire up to the bead. Break off wire by pulling in a circular motion. Step 5. Tie in wing tuft about three hook eye widths behind eye and whip finish behind bead. Apply head cement. Big Bear's Baetis Nymph Materials Hook: 18-24 3x long curved shank Thread : Gray 8/0 or smaller Tail: Pheasant Tail Fibers Abdomen: Thread and Pheasant Fibers Thorax: Gray Thread or Dubbing Wingcase and Legs: Dark Antron Wool Step 1. Attach the thread to the hook and wrap it back to the bend of the hook. Stop right above the barb. Step 2. Tie in 3-6 pheasant tail fibers with just two tight wraps of thread, lift the fibers. and make two turns of thread forward. Lay the pheasant tail down and take one or two wraps of thread around the abdomen to create a ribbed effect, and bind down the pheasant tail to the top of the hook shank. Repeat this process creating 4-5 segments along the abdomen. Stop 1/2 along the hook shank , tie off the pheasant tail, and trim the excess. Step 3. Tie in brown or black Antron wool (substitute Darlon) fibers at the thorax position with the longer portion facing to the rear. Use 1/4 to 1/3 the thickness of the Antron wool depending on the size of fly. Step 4. Create a slightly larger diameter thorax using thread or a small amount of dubbing. Step 5. Pull the Antron fibers over the thorax to form the wing case, and tie off. Step 6. Split the Antron fibers in half and form legs by pulling them to the rear of the hook and wrapping thread just behind the hook eye. Whip-finish and trim the legs to slightly longer than the thorax. Baetis Adult Materials Hook: 18-24 Mustad 94840 Thread : Gray 8/0 or smaller Tail: Gray hackle fibers or Microfibets Body: Olive Turkey Biot Wings: Gray Dun Swiss Straw Legs: Dun Hackle Step 1. Lay down thread base and tie in tailing material. Step 2. Tie in tip of biot at the base of the tail and wrap up to thorax. Step 3. Form a pair of wings with wing burner. Pull up wing pair from the underside of hook and tie in to the front end of the biot body. Touch bottom of wing at tie in point with Zap-a-Gap for durability. Step 4. Tie in and wrap stiff hackle. Step 5. Form thread head with whip finish. Apply head cement. Pattern can also be tied using PMD colors. Foam Wing Emerger Materials Hook: 18-24 Mustad 94840 Thread : Brown, Gray, or Olive 8/0 or smaller Tail: Brown ,Gray, or Olive hackle fibers Abdomen: Thread Thorax: Superfine Dubbing color to match other components Wing: Open Cell Foam Step 1. Lay down thread base and tie in hackle fibers for tail. Step 2. Form abdomen with thread wraps. Use rocking motion to flatten thread for smooth transition. Step 3. At the two-thirds point, form a dubbed noodle and make a couple of wraps. Step 4. Tie in thin piece of foam and continue to form thorax with dubbed thread. Step 5. Whip finish and clip foam wing to a length of 1/16”. Air bubbles will adhere to foam wing in the water simulating the gas sack that propels naturals to the surface. Cream Midge Larva Materials Hook: 18-24 Tiemco 2487 or other curved shank scud hook Thread : Gray 8/0 or smaller Body: Size Rod Wrapping Thread Head: Thread Step 1. Lay down thread base with gray thread. Step 2. Tie in rod wrapping thread well past the hook barb. Step 3. Wrap thread forward to just short of hook eye. Spin bobbin a couple of turns same direction with each wrap to produce a segmented effect. Step 4. Tie off and clip off wrapping thread and build small head with gray thread. Color front half of thread head with brown marker. Midge Clustercator Materials Hook: 14-18 Tiemco 900 BL (1x fine 1x wide) Thread: Black 6/0 or smaller Post: Black and White Antron or similar material Hackle: Grizzly (oversized) or White CDC Step 1. Lay down thread base with black thread and stop mid shank. Step 2. Tie in a bunch of black Antron about pencil size thick and 1 inch long . Step 3. Make two soft wraps and cinch down causing the Antron to flare. Step 4. Tie in a smaller bunch of white Antron and stack over the black like you would stack deer hair. Step 5. Pull all the Antron up and make several wraps at the base to form a post for the hackle. Tie in and wrap hackle parachute style. Finish off thread with several half hitches. Step 6. While holding Antron up vertical clip off with scissors to about ¼ inch. Then flatten by squeezing Antron with thumb and forefinger. Fly should be greased heavily with floatant and fished with an emerger pattern dropper where legal to fish two flies.