Basic Exercise and Training Variables Effective exercise and training programs follow certain principles allowing people to keep fit. The basic principles behind exercise and fitness are always there. Knowing them and applying them in your own fitness regimen can make it more effective in attaining the results you want. Exercise Variables-- How effective the exercise routines you follow depend on certain factors. How you combine certain variables in exercise and fitness will determine how fast you can lose weight, improve stamina or increase athletic performance. Here are the four exercise variables to consider when trying to develop your own fitness program or regimen. Exercise Frequency- this refers to how often you exercise. The frequency allows you to develop an exercise regimen that you can practice for a certain period on, let us say, a weekly basis. If you plan to work out for two days a week, you can speed up results by adding another day of exercise for the week. Exercise Intensity- this refers to the level of physical activity in your exercise program. How hard you push yourself on each exercise session is also a factor in the effectiveness of an exercise and training program. For example, comparing segments of jogging, running, and walking on one session would have different results. Doing more running rather than short bouts of walking or jogging would certainly have a different result then walking through each session most of the time. Type of Exercise- this refers to the type of exercise included in your regimen. There are different types of exercises to choose from with each type building up a certain part of the body more than the others. Knowledge of these types of exercises helps you develop a certain regimen focused on improving targeted portions of the body. Duration of Exercise- this refers to the time spent doing the exercises. How long you spend in each exercise session will ultimately determine how fast or how slow you get results. The duration of the exercise program along with the other exercise variables determines how to avoid injury or improve results. Use these exercise and training variables to develop an exercise program allowing better performance and results. At the start of an exercise program, you combine the different exercise variables in a way that you feel comfortable. Along the way, you then change any or all of these variables either to increase the efficiency or to reach the target results. Manipulating the variables can make the exercise program more interesting once it starts to become too routine.