A global leader in serving libraries of all types, ProQuest LLC (“ProQuest”) supports the breadth of the information community with innovative discovery solutions that power the business of books and the best in research experience. More than a content provider or aggregator, ProQuest is an information partner, creating indispensable research solutions that connect people and information. Through innovative, user-centered discovery technology, ProQuest offers billions of pages of global content that includes historical newspapers, dissertations, and uniquely relevant resources for researchers of any age and sophistication—including content not likely to be digitized by others.
orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in childreni Declan T Millett1, Susan Cunningham2, Kevin D O’Brien3, Philip E Benson4, Alison Williams5, Cesar M de Oliveira6 1 Department of Oral Health and Development, University Dental School and Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. 2Department of Orthodontics, Eastman Dental Institute, UCL, London, UK. 3Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. 4Department of Oral Health and Development, School of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. 5 Oral Health Services Research and Dental Public Health, GKT Dental Institute, London, UK. 6School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005972. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005972.pub2. Copyright © 2009 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. abstract without the removal of permanent teeth, in children with Background a Class II division 2 malocclusion, produces a result which Correction of the type of dental problem where the bite is any different from no orthodontic treatment or ortho- is deep and the upper front teeth are retroclined (Class II dontic treatment involving removal of permanent teeth. division 2 malocclusion) may be carried out using differ- ent types of orthodontic treatment. However, in severe Search strategy cases, surgery to the jaws in combination with orthodon- The Cochrane Oral Health Group’s Trials Register, the tics may be required. In growing children, treatment may Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), sometimes be carried out using special upper and lower MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched (to June 2008). There dental braces (functional appliances) that can be removed were no restrictions with regard to publication status or from the mouth. In many cases this treatment does not language of publication. International researchers, likely involve taking out any permanent teeth. Often, however, to be involved in Class II division 2 clinical trials, were further treatment is needed with fixed braces to get the best contacted to identify any unpublished or ongoing trials. result. In other cases, treatment aims to move the upper first permanent molars backwards to provide space for the Selection criteria correction of the front teeth. This may be carried out by Trials were selected if they met the following criteria: applying a fo
Pages to are hidden for
"Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children"Please download to view full document