Practice Test US History Unit Six.ppt

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					                       Practice Test
                        US History
                         Unit Six
•    Instructions for Use:
    A. Click the mouse and a question will appear, some
       with answers to choose from, some without.
    B. Click on the answer you think is correct or if there
       are not answers to choose from try to answer it in
       your head and then click the mouse button.
    C. The correct answer will then be highlighted or will
       appear on the screen.
    D. Click the mouse button again and the next question
       will appear.
If you cannot finish the Practice test in one sitting,
     use the scroll bar on the right to remember
     where you left off.
  This established the maximum number of
immigrants who were allowed into the United
      States from each foreign country.
• Answer
  – Quota System
 Although its membership sharply increased as a result of
 the Red Scare and nativism, its power declined once its
   criminal activity and racial violence became exposed.

• Answer
   – Ku Klux Klan
This is a policy of abstaining from involvement
                 in world affairs.

• Answer
  – Isolationism
This is an economic and political system based
    on a single party government ruled by a
• Answer
  – Communism
Their radical opposition to any and all forms of government
led many with similar beliefs to be harassed, arrested, and
              deported during the Red Scare.

• Answer
   – Anarchists
  As Attorney General, he sent government
 agents out on a series of illegal raids to hunt
          down suspected radicals.
• Answer
  – Mitchell Palmer
 As president of the United Mine Workers, he
  led the miners on a strike that eventually
   resulted in a significant wage increase.
• Answer
  – John L. Lewis
Which of the following called for the abolition of
 private property in order to equally distribute
              wealth and power?
a. quota system

b. Isolationism

c. Nativism

d. communism
 To expand its membership in the 1920s, the
 Ku Klux Klan engaged in all of the following
a. blaming national problems on immigrants.

b. encouraging white women to join the

c. playing on people's fears of political radicals.

d. allowing members to profit from recruiting
    new members.
  The immigration policies of the 1920s limited
 immigration from all of the following countries
a. Italy.

b. Japan.

c. Mexico.

d. England.
According to Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, what was
"eating its way into the homes of the American workman, its
   sharp tongues . . . licking the altars of the churches"?

a. Communism

b. the philosophy of nativism

c. the hopelessness of poverty

d. governmental abuse of civil rights
 Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer believed
that he needed to protect the American people
a. big business.

b. political radicals.

c. corruption and fraud.

d. labor union members.
 Nativists who found fault with the Emergency
  Quota Acts of 1921 would have been most
      likely to say which of the following?
a. It did not restrict immigration enough.

b. It threatened industry with a labor shortage.

c. It discriminated against the wrong

d. It violated U.S. principles by restricting
 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were
       charged with, and convicted of,

a. treason.

b. anarchy.

c. receiving bribes.

d. robbery and murder.
To protect their own interests, employers often
      accused striking workers of being

a. spies.

b. Communists.

c. bigots.

d. nativists.
    During the 1920s, union membership

a. remained constant.

b. increased slightly.

c. increased considerably.

d. dropped considerably.
Which of the following was most closely tied to
 the public's negative reactions to organized
              labor in the 1920s?
a. fears of rising prices

b. fears of communism

c. fears of a depression

d. resentment of labor's advances
 Why was the Kellogg-Briand Pact considered

a. It didn't prevent war; it only punished countries that
      started wars.

b. It made the process of repaying war debts too easy.

c. It provided no means of enforcing the "no war"

d. It failed to include several of the strongest military
Which of the following rose dramatically in the
                 early 1920s?

a. Wages

b. labor union membership

c. Tariffs

d. the build-up of armaments
 The Fordney-McCumber Tariff was meant to

a. help Britain and France pay off their war

b. raise taxes on goods entering the United

c. help Germany pay off its war debts.

d. raise taxes on goods leaving the United
John L. Lewis is most closely associated
      with which of the following?

a. the coal miners' strike

b. the steel mill strike

c. the Boston police strike

d. the Teapot Dome scandal
   The Teapot Dome scandal centered

a. gold mines.

b. union members.

c. high tariffs.

d. oil-rich lands.
 What might an anarchist have said about the
  scandals that plagued President Harding's
a. In a successful government, all officials should
    be chosen by the public.

b. The scandals are more proof that all forms of
    government should be abolished.

c. Such scandals would not happen in a
    communist government.

d. Mistakes made by cabinet members should not
    damage the reputation of the president.
 The main factor causing urban sprawl in the
                 1920s was

a. the automobile.

b. the use of electricity.

c. growth in industry.

d. a change in the birthrate.
Which of the following is not considered a sign
    that the prosperity of the 1920s was
a. the economic situation on farms

b. the success of the advertising industry

c. the number of products purchased on credit

d. the difference in income between workers
     and managers
 The first practical peacetime use of airplanes
                      was for

a. crop-dusting.

b. carrying mail.

c. carrying passengers.

d. weather forecasting.
  Which of the following is not considered a
  direct result of the growing popularity and
         availability of the automobile?
a. changes in American landscape

b. changes in American architecture

c. urban sprawl

d. changes in the advertising industry
   He was called as a witness in the
            Scopes trial.

• Answer
  – William Jennings Bryan
This was someone who provided illegal

• Answer
  – Bootlegger
 One of the effects of this was a rise in
           organized crime.

• Answer
  – Prohibition
The government failed to budget enough
    men and money to enforce this.

• Answer
  – Prohibition
The American Civil Liberties Union hired him to
         represent John T. Scopes.

• Answer
  – Clarence Darrow
This was an "underground" saloon or nightclub
       where liquor was sold illegally.

• Answer
  – Speakeasy
 This Protestant movement was grounded in the
 literal, word for word, interpretation of the Bible.

• Answer
  – Fundamentalism
   This was to determine the role of
   evolution and science in schools.

• Answer
  – Scopes Trial
 It was difficult to enforce the laws governing
   prohibition for all of the following reasons
a. many people were determined to break the

b. insufficient funds were provided to pay for

c. many law enforcement officials took bribes from
    smugglers and bootleggers.

d. prohibition banned only alcoholic beverages
    manufactured in the United States.
   To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went
 underground to hidden nightclubs known as

a. speakeasies.

b. penthouses.

c. tenements.

d. tea rooms.
John T. Scopes challenged a Tennessee
    law that forbade the teaching of

a. biology.

b. evolution.

c. creationism.

d. fundamentalism.
       Fundamentalists believed that

a. evolution and creationism could coincide.

b. prohibition should be repealed.

c. the Bible should be taken literally.

d. drinking alcohol was acceptable.
 Except for ___, all of the following were likely
to approve of prohibition in the 1920s and early
a. recent immigrants

b. rural residents of the South

c. members of organized crime syndicates

d. the Women's Christian Temperance Union
      ___ increased during the 1920s.

a. Child labor

b. The birthrate

c. The school dropout rate

d. The crime rate
The main significance of the trial of John
       T. Scopes was that ___.
a. it ended the career of William Jennings Bryan, who
      was unable to defend fundamentalism

b. its outdoor setting allowed many Americans to
     witness the justice system in action

c. it highlighted the struggle between science and
      religion in American schools

d. led to the repeal of a law that made teaching
     evolution in schools illegal
   Except for ___, alcohol caused all of the
following, according to most fundamentalists.

a. urban slums

b. child abuse

c. Crime

d. evangelism
    A flapper was a young woman who did
              everything except

a. seemed casual and independent.

b. found true equality with men.

c. often smoked and drank in public.

d. wore short skirts.

e. openly discussed courtship and
 In the 1920s, women in the workplace
        found everything except
a. they could earn as much as men.

b. many assembly-line jobs were available.

c. some previously "men only" jobs were
    available to them.

d. most paid workers were still men.
 In the 1920s, women at home found all
a. more ready-made foods and clothing were

b. they were usually expected to work outside the

c. their children spent most of their days at school
     and in organized activities.

d. they experienced greater equality in marriage.
         "Double standard" refers to

a. stricter social and moral standards for women than
     for men in the 1920s.

b. lower wages women earned compared to those
     earned by men in the 1920s.

c. amount of work that women did both at home and
    outside the house in the 1920s.

d. unfair treatment of women in the workplace in the
    This artist produced intensely colored
 canvases that captured the grandeur of New
• Answer
  – Georgia O'Keefe
He was a small-town pilot who made the first
   nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic.

• Answer
  – Charles A. Lindbergh
This composer merged traditional elements of
        music with American Jazz.

• Answer
  – George Gershwin
This writer's poems celebrated youth and a life
of independence and freedom from traditional
• Answer
  – Edna St. Vincent Millay
   In This Side of Paradise and The Great
Gatsby, this novelist portrayed wealthy people
       leading hopelessly empty lives.
• Answer
  – F. Scott Fitzgerald
  Wounded in World War I, this writer criticized the
glorification of war and introduced a tough, simplified
   style of writing that set a new literary standard.

• Answer
  – Ernest Hemingway
     The first American to win a Nobel prize for
literature, he used the character in Babbit to mock
   Americans for their conformity and materialism.

• Answer
  – Sinclair Lewis
 F. Scott Fitzgerald described the 1920s
                  as the

a. Harlem Renaissance.

b. Jazz Age.

c. Prohibition Age.

d. Roaring Twenties.
 Charles Lindbergh was famous as a(n)

a. politician.

b. composer.

c. inventor.

d. pilot.
  _____ marked the works of many famous
   writers of the 1920s, including the Lost
a. Fierce patriotism

b. Celebration of small-town life

c. Critical views of American culture

d. Deep respect for tradition
 Concert music composer ___ was influenced
by both the music of ___ and traditional music.

a. Louis Armstrong, George Gershwin

b. Bessie Smith, Georgia O'Keeffe

c. George Gershwin, Louis Armstrong

d. Paul Robeson, Duke Ellington
 Ernest Hemingway, author of The Sun Also
          Rises, introduced ___.

a. a simplified style of writing

b. an elaborate style of writing

c. a patriotic movement in literature

d. glorification of war in literature
 This black nationalist association was
      founded by Marcus Garvey.

• Answer
  – Universal Negro Improvement Association
This was a literary and artistic movement that
    celebrated African-American culture.

• Answer
  – Harlem Renaissance
Among the founders of this association was W.
              E. B. Du Bois.

• Answer
  – National Association for the Advancement of
    Colored People
In 1927, this singer became the highest
     paid black artist in the world.

• Answer
  – Bessie Smith
 This major dramatic actor 's performance in
Shakespeare's Othello was widely acclaimed.

• Answer
  – Paul Robeson
 In many of her novels, books of folklore, poetry, and
  short stories, this writer portrayed the lives of poor,
       unschooled Southern African Americans.

• Answer
  – Zora Neale Hurston
 This jazz pianist and composer won fame as one of
America's greatest composers. He wrote such pieces
     as "Mood Indigo" and "Sophisticated Lady."

• Answer
  – Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington
  This trumpet player's astounding sense of rhythm and ability to
improvise has led many to consider him the single most important
           and influential musician in the history of jazz.

• Answer
   – Louis Armstrong
  This writer's militant verses urged African
      Americans to resist prejudice and
• Answer
  – Claude McKay
This man was the Harlem Renaissance's best-
known poet, who described the difficult lives of
      working-class African Americans.
• Answer
  – Langston Hughes
  This was caused by African American's
 changing attitude toward's themselves and
           their search for jobs.
• Answer
  – The Great Migration
 Under his leadership the NAACP made anti-
   lynching laws one of its main priorities.

• Answer
  – James Weldon Johnson
      The Harlem Renaissance refers to

a. a struggle for civil rights led by the NAACP.

b. a population increase in Harlem in the

c. a program to promote African-American
    owned businesses.

d. a celebration of African-American culture in
    literature and art.
  The NAACP did all of the following except

a. fight for legislation to protect African

b. work with anti-lynching organizations.

c. propose that African Americans move back
    to Africa.

d. publish The Crisis.
Jazz music was born in New Orleans and was
  spread to the North by such musicians as

a. Louis Armstrong.

b. Zora Neale Hurston.

c. Paul Robeson.

d. Langston Hughes.
   The "Great Migration" of 1910-1920
     refers to the movement of ___.
a. immigrants from Europe to America

b. people from rural areas and towns to large

c. African Americans from the United States to

d. African Americans from the South to
    northern cities
   The ___ fought for legislation to protect
African-American rights under the leadership
                   of ___.
a. NAACP,Marcus Garvey

b. UNIA, Langston Hughes

c. NAACP,James Weldon Johnson

d. UNIA, Claude McKay
  This Democrat lost the presidential
          election of 1928.

• Answer
  – Alfred E. Smith
This Republican won the presidential election
                 of 1928.

• Answer
  – Herbert Hoover
This term specifically refers to the stock
  market crash of October 29, 1929.

• Answer
  – Black Tuesday
This term is the name of the most widely used
    measure of the stock market's health.

• Answer
  – Dow Jones Industrial Average
  In an effort to curb the financial loss farmers were
suffering, Congress tried to pass the McNary-Haugen
 bill, which would have mandated this on key crops.

• Answer
  – Price Supports
This term refers to paying a small percentage
 of a stock's price as a down payment and
              borrowing the rest.
• Answer
  – Buying on margin
  This term refers to making extremely risky
business transactions on the chance of making
         quick or considerable profits.
• Answer
  – Speculation
This reduced the flow of goods into the United States
and prevented other countries from earning American
         currency to buy American exports.

• Answer
  – Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
This is an arrangement in which consumers agree to
 buy now and pay later for purchases, often on an
   installment plan that includes interest charges.

• Answer
  – credit
This is the period from 1924 to 1940 in which
the economy plummeted and unemployment
• Answer
  – Great Depression
Which of the following increased in the 1920s?

a. farmers' debts

b. prices for farm products

c. foreign demand for U.S. farm products

d. domestic demand for U.S. farm products
  Which was not a cause of the Great

a. tariffs on foreign goods

b. the availability of easy credit

c. a growing number of homeless people

d. a crisis in the farm sector
  What does buying a stock on margin
a. purchasing the stock outside the regular
    stock exchange

b. buying the stock for someone else

c. paying less than the market price of the

d. borrowing money to help pay for the stock
 Buying stocks on the chance of a quick profit
    without considering risks is known as

a. buying on margin.

b. speculation.

c. profit-taking.

d. living on credit.
 Within a few years, the Hawley-Smoot
             Tariff Act led to
a. a dramatic drop in world trade.

b. Hoover's reelection as president.

c. more demand for American manufactured

d. an unequal distribution of income in the
    United States.
   All of the following were important
 causes of the Great Depression except
a. both individuals and businesses built up
    large debts because of easy credit.

b. tariffs on foreign imports were lowered.

c. the federal government did not insure
     people's bank accounts.

d. the stock market crashed.
  Which was not a cause of the Dust Bowl?

a. drought

b. high winds

c. thick layers of prairie grasses

d. overproduction of crops
Which of the following was not an effect
      of the Great Depression?

a. Many children had a poor diet.

b. Many families became homeless.

c. Many men became unemployed.

d. Many people started farming.
 What name was given to the men and boys
who rode the rails as they searched for work?

a. Bonus Marchers

b. Speculators

c. Hoboes

d. Okies
An example of the psychological stress caused
 by the Great Depression was the rise in the
                 number of
a. children who were malnourished.

b. people who committed suicide.

c. women who worked outside the home.

d. men who stood in bread lines.
    One long-range effect of the Great
    Depression was that many people
a. grew to like President Hoover.

b. became risk takers in the stock market.

c. developed habits of saving and thriftiness.

d. came to believe in small government.
   Causes of the farming crisis of the 1920s
            included the fact that

a. demand for crops fell after World War I.

b. most people did not own electric

c. the Dust Bowl took much land out of

d. federal price-supports of corn and wheat
     were not effective.
    After the stock market crash, how did
  President Hoover try to help the economy?

a. by closing banks

b. by lowering foreign tariffs

c. by funding handouts of food and clothing

d. by asking businesses not to lay off
   Who made up the Bonus Army that
      marched on Washington?
a. World War I veterans and their families

b. farmers forced off their land by dust storms

c. unemployed industrial workers and their

d. business and labor leaders who agreed to
    work together
  Which candidates ran for president in
a. Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover

b. Calvin Coolidge and Franklin D. Roosevelt

c. Herbert Hoover and Alfred E. Smith

d. Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt
Which of the following describes a government
 system for giving payments or food to the
a. rugged individualism

b. direct relief

c. Bonus Army

d. price support
  In calling shantytowns "Hoovervilles,"
           people conveyed their

a. patriotism.

b. trust in Hoover.

c. disgust with Hoover.

d. grudging respect for Hoover.
The aim of the Federal Home Loan Bank
               Act was to
a. encourage new construction.

b. increase the value of homes and farms.

c. make it easier for banks to foreclose on
    farms and homes.

d. prevent farmers and homeowners from
    losing their property.
Herbert Hoover's approach to the Depression
     economy was based on a belief in

a. voluntary cooperation.

b. separation of church and state.

c. the golden rule.

d. direct government relief.
During the Great Depression, the overall
     unemployment rate was about

a. 100 percent.

b. 75 percent.

c. 25 percent.

d. 10 percent.
  This established the Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation (FDIC), with the greater goal of restoring
     public confidence in the banking system.

• Answer
  – Glass-Steagall Banking Act
  This provided direct relief in the form of food and
      clothing to the neediest people hit by the
 depression--the unemployed, the aged, and the ill.

• Answer
  – Federal Emergency Relief Administration
This helped to create prosperity in a poverty-stricken
    region by providing funds to build and repair
  dams, flood-control projects, and power plants.

• Answer
  – Tennessee Valley Authority
 This paid farmers to lower production and, in some
  cases, to destroy crops, with the greater goal of
        raising crop prices and farm income.

• Answer
  – Agricultural Adjustment Act
This put almost 3 million young men to work building
      roads, developing parks, and helping in
       soil-erosion and flood-control projects.

• Answer
  – Civilian Conservation Corps
This authorized the Treasury Department to inspect banks and to
close those that were unsound, with the greater goal of restoring
            public confidence in the banking system.

• Answer
   – Emergency Banking Relief Act
This created an administration that set fair prices on many
products and established labor standards, with the greater
  goal of ensuring fair business practices and promoting
                     industrial growth.

• Answer
  – National Industrial Recovery Act
    This required corporations to provide complete
information on all stock offerings, with the greater goal
   of restoring public confidence in the stock market.

• Answer
   – Federal Securities Act
What was the first major action Roosevelt took
                as president?

a. He called the first meeting of the "Brain Trust.“

b. He proposed a reorganization of the Supreme

c. He closed all of the nation's banks and ordered

d. He established the Civil Works Administration to
    provide job relief.
 Which of the following was not a goal of the
                  New Deal?

a. increase crop production

b. relief for the needy

c. economic recovery

d. financial reform
Which of the following was the main objective
    of the Agricultural Adjustment Act?

a. to increase farm production

b. to raise prices of farm products

c. to provide pensions for retired farmers

d. to encourage more people to enter farming
  Which of the following pieces of New Deal
 legislation was ruled unconstitutional by the
               Supreme Court?
a. Wagner Act

b. Social Security Act

c. Emergency Banking Relief Act

d. National Industrial Recovery Act
  Which of the following reached a new high
  during Roosevelt's first term as president?

a. tariff rates

b. employment rates

c. the national debt

d. per capita income
  Which of the following of Roosevelt's ideas
           failed to become a law?

a. federally supported loans for housing

b. the reorganization of the Supreme Court

c. the establishment of regional planning

d. the creation of a federally supported pension
    This required corporations to provide
  complete, truthful information on all stock
• Answer
  – Federal Securities Act
 This was created to reform, and to restore confidence in,
  the stock market by providing a means to monitor the
 market and to enforce laws regarding the sales of stocks
                        and bonds.

• Answer
  – Securities and Exchange Commission
This set a national minimum hourly wage and
  prohibited factory labor for children under
            sixteen years of age.
• Answer
  – Fair Labor Standards Act
 Created through the Glass-Steagall Banking
  Act of 1933, this originally protected up to
   $5,000 of an individual's bank account.
• Answer
  – Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
 ___ were least likely to be a part of the New
               Deal coalition.

a. Rural Democrats

b. African Americans

c. Southern Republicans

d. Unionized industrial workers
  By decreasing farm surpluses, New Deal
          policies helped to ___.

a. lower the cost of food

b. increase the food supply

c. raise the price of farm goods

d. combat the effects of the Dust Bowl
 ___ claimed that the New Deal policies were
  inadequate and proposed a social program
          called Share-Our-Wealth.
a. Huey Long

b. Francis Townsend

c. John L. Lewis

d. Charles Coughlin
The Federal Emergency Relief Administration
         was most helpful to___.

a. farmers in isolated rural areas

b. the unemployed, the aged, and the ill

c. politicians and business owners

d. mass-production industrial workers
    The American public perceived many
characteristics in President Roosevelt, but ___
        was probably not one of them.
a. Compassion

b. Determination

c. self-confidence

d. economic conservatism
      The Supreme Court ruled that the ___ was
unconstitutional on the grounds that its provisions were
 local matters and should be regulated by the states.

a. Federal Securities Act

b. Fair Labor Standards Act

c. Wagner Act

d. Agricultural Adjustment Act
   Which of the following was most directly
 responsible for creating new jobs and putting
                people to work?
a. Social Security Act

b. Fair Labor Standards Act

c. National Labor Relations Act

d. Works Progress Administration
 What role did Eleanor Roosevelt play in the
         Roosevelt administration?

a. She served as a cabinet member.

b. She focused on being an excellent hostess.

c. She was an important advisor on foreign

d. She was an important advisor on domestic
This protected the right of workers to join unions and
 established the National Labor Relations Board to
settle disputes between employers and employees.

• Answer
  – Wagner Act
  This provided for bank inspections by the
Treasury Department and a means for making
         federal loans to solid banks.
• Answer
  – Emergency Banking Relief Act
   This provided a pension for retired workers and their
 spouses and aided people with disabilities, poor mothers
     with dependent children, and the needy elderly.

• Answer
  – Social Security Act
This addressed the problems of unemployment and poverty
           by creating jobs that ranged from the
   construction of airports and libraries to the sewing of
                   clothing for the needy.

• Answer
   – Works Progress Administration
Who was the first woman to serve in the

a. Arlene Francis

b. Frances Perkins

c. Eleanor Roosevelt

d. Mary McLeod Bethune
 ___ helped organize the "Black Cabinet," a group of
    influential African Americans who advised the
      Roosevelt administration on racial issues.

a. Dorothea Lange

b. Mary McLeod Bethune

c. Frances Perkins

d. Eleanor Roosevelt
  Who wrote the novel The Grapes of Wrath
about the grim lives of Oklahomans fleeing the
      Dust Bowl during the Depression?
a. Grant Wood

b. John Steinbeck

c. Richard Wright

d. Dorothea Lange
 ___ used music to express the hardships of
    American life during the Depression.

a. Woody Guthrie

b. Grant Wood

c. Diego Rivera

d. Richard Wright
 Of the following New Deal policies, ___ had
the biggest long-term impact on the American
a. Social Security Act

b. Civilian Conservation Corps

c. Tennessee Valley Authority

d. Federal Emergency Relief Administration
  The _____ reflected President Roosevelt's
    concern for the natural environment.

a. Civil Works Administration

b. National Youth Administration

c. Civilian Conservation Corps

d. Works Progress Administration
 His classic novel, Native Son, depicts the difficulties
  faced by a young man trying to survive in a racist

• Answer
  – Richard Wright
   His famous painting, "American Gothic,"
depicts two stern-faced farmers standing stiffly
          in front of their farmhouse.
• Answer
  – Grant Wood
This classic novel written by John Steinbeck focuses
on the difficulties faced by people who, forced off the
Great Plains during the Dust Bowl, move to California.

• Answer
  – The Grapes of Wrath
 One of the most popular movies of all time, this sweeping
drama about life among Southern plantation owners during
   the Civil War starred Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable.

• Answer
   – Gone with the Wind
This actor, director, producer, and writer created one of the
most famous radio broadcasts of all time, "The War of the
  Worlds," and directed the movie classic, Citizen Kane.

• Answer
   – Orson Welles

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