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					   The importance of Alliances between
    Civil Society, the Government and
     International Agencies to reduce
             the Digital Divide
               Presented to:
          Open Access Workshop

                                      Peter McFarren
                                            President
      Foundation for the Development of ICTs in Bolivia


Sweden, May 2004
      An Overview of Bolivia


• Bolivia has 1.1 million square kms
• A population of 8.5 million
• The largest indigenous population in
  Latin America
An Overview of Bolivia
       • Two thirds of Bolivia is
         tropical, one third highlands
       • The country’s GNP is 1,200
         US per capita
       • Bolivia ranks 114 out of 174
         in the UNs Human
         Development Index
       An Overview of Bolivia
• Life expectancy is 62 years
• Democracy returned in 1982
• President Carlos Meza sworn
  in as president in October of
  last year after a popular
  uprising led to the resignation
  of Gonzalo Sanchez de
  Lozada
    Telecommunications Sector
• Telco market was opened in 1995, eliminating the
  monopoly of ENTEL, even though it is the mayor telco in
  Bolivia providing Internet, cell phone, data transmission
  and satellite services.
• Entel was bought by STET from Italy for 610 US million
  and was responsably for installing phones in
  communities with more than 350 residents
• Three cellular phone companies serve over a 1 million
  clients
• Cooperatives have a monopoly on local services
• Regulatory polices are the responsibility of the
  Superintendence of Telecommunications
   Telecommunications Sector
• Only one fifth of households have a fixed
  telephone line
• 80 percent of all lines in services are in
  three largest cities
• Bolivia has one of the lowest levels of
  teledensity in Latin America
  Status of Bolivia’s ICT Sector
• Only 45 Bolivian public schools have Internet
• There are only 2,800 computers in Bolivia’s
  12,000 public schools
• Funding for Universal Access has been limited
• Internet is available to only 5 percentage of the
  population although Internet Cafes have opened
  access in mayor cities
• Limited Community participation in developing
  ICT strategies and programs
 Challenges facing the ICT Sector

• Lack of Coordination between
  government, private sector, civil society,
  universities and donor agencies
• Lack of a E Strategy for Bolivia
• Limited resources for reaching rural areas
  and connecting schools
• Limited awareness of the importance of
  ICTs as a development tool
 Challenges facing the ICT Sector

• Weak government institutions responsible
  for ICT Development
• Private Sector only interested in high
  traffic and high profit areas
• Donor agencies lack clear and coherent
  strategies for ICT Development
• Too many resources wasted on studies
  and bureaucracy
  Players in implementing ICT
      programs in Bolivia
– ADSIB in charge of Government E-
  Government Strategies.
– Vice Ministry of Telecommunications in
  charge of policy and channeling resources to
  the ICT sectors
– SITTEL in charge of regulatory policy
– World Bank, UNDP, Inter American
  Development Bank, USAID, IICD, CAF,
  foreign aid programs
   Players in implementing ICT
       programs in Bolivia
• ADSIB
 – Established by the Vice Presidency to
   coordinate government E-strategies and
   programs.
 – Limited resources and personnel inhibits
   effective implementation
 – In charge of coordinating the UN GeSCI
   program
 – Limited civil society participation
     Players in implementing ICT
         programs in Bolivia
• Vice Ministry of Telecommunications
  – In charge of implementing the World Bank and
    Government Rural Electrification and
    Telecommunications project
  – Limited effect due to lack of counterpart funds, efforts
    to reduce government deficits and bureaucratic
    changes
  – 20 US million dollar World Bank loan on hold due to
    above factors
  – Strategies and policies dictated from Washington with
    limited civil society participation
  – ICT not considered a priority by Central Government
    Players in implementing ICT
        programs in Bolivia
• Superintendence of Telecommunications
  – In charge of implementing telecom regulatory policies
  – Well positioned economically due to fees collected
    from Telcos
  – Universal Access laws limit access of new players for
    rural telecommunications
  – Spectro policies inhibits expansion of wireless
    systems
  – Lack of E-strategy for the country
    Players in implementing ICT
        programs in Bolivia
• FUNDETIC
  – New foundation set up to coordinate and implement
    Information and Communications Technology
    programs in Bolivia.
  – Partners include the Bolivian Government, aid
    agencies, NGOs, Telcos, software companies and
    universities
  – Will implement Development Gateway portal in
    Bolivia
  – Participating in GeSCI strategy workshops for Bolivia
     Players in implementing ICT
         programs in Bolivia
• FUNDETIC
  – Working on Food For Minds project with the Quipus Foundation
    to set up a National Fund and Program for Information
    Technology, Training and Culture.
  – Program is based on monetizing surplus food products donated
    by governments.
  – Surplus food products would be sold at competitive prices in
    Bolivia and other markets.
  – Partners include the UNDP and ACDI VOCA, an NGO expert on
    monetizing surplus food products.
  – Would help fund GeSCI program in Bolivia
  – Would support innovation, culturally-appropriate content and
    software development, training and Community Telecenter
    Projects throughout Bolivia
    Players in implementing ICT
        programs in Bolivia
• FUNDETIC
  – Working on a Information System for Development
    that will set up a Geographic Information System
    based program to coordinate, systematize and
    provide open access to information on education,
    health, donor agencies, NGOs, micro credit
    institutions, etc. s.
  – Partners would include the World Bank, the Inter
    American Development Bank, the Institute of
    Statistics, municipalities, government agencies and
    NGO’s
  – Would provide a web-based information system that
    would operate independent of political and
    government changes
    Players in implementing ICT
        programs in Bolivia
• Ministry of Education
  – Limited ICT educational strategies
  – Lack of funding for implementing schools,
    Internet and Programs in public schools
  – Partners in Entra 21 Youth ICT training and
    youth employment program
  – Lack of priority for implementing ICT
    programs
  – Key partner in GeSCI program in Bolivia
    Players in implementing ICT
        programs in Bolivia
• CRIS Bolivia
  – This network of civil society and NGOs
    supports Information Society awareness and
    programs in Bolivia.
  – Universidad Real. Implementing a Telecenter
    Educational project
  – FINFURAL and several NGOS implementing
    community Telecenters.
    Players in implementing ICT
        programs in Bolivia

• Quipus Foundation-NUR University
  – Operate 3 Cisco Networking Academies
  – Implementing a Center for Innovation in ICT
    for Development in Bolivia
  – Runs programs on Linux, Network Security,
    VSATs, etc
     Players in implementing ICT
         programs in Bolivia
Entra21 Bolivia
Is comprehensive and innovative ICT training and
   employment project designed to fill educational
   gaps of disadvantaged youth in Bolivia
   improving their employability and ultimately their
   economic prospects as well as those of their
   families.



                      International
                          Youth
                       Foundation
     Players in implementing ICT
         programs in Bolivia
Three components of Entra21 Bolivia
• Integrated Classroom Training for 600 youth
  (16-29 years) from semi-urban and rural areas
• Practical Training (Internship) for 2 months
• Job Placement Services
    Players in implementing ICT
                      Bolivia




                      DESATEL
Desarrollo, Energías Alternativas y Telecomunicaciones


      A project developed by CARE, NUR
        University, the Quipus Foundation,
           the NGO network PROCOSI
           Project Overview

• “Socially responsible” rural telecommunications
  venture backed by non-profit organizations

• Plans to develop nation-wide Community
  Telecenter network to offer affordable Internet, IP
  Telephony and Video services. Will work with the
  ICA E Links hub in Canada

• DESATEL will utilize a network of franchised
  Community Telecenters to provide community
  access to communications resources and
  development programs
DESATEL’s Mission
        Affect positive social and
          economic change in
        rural Bolivia by creating
               a sustainable
         Community Telecenter
        Network to serve as the
           delivery platform for
            valuable telecom
               services and
         development programs
                             Technology

                                                                  Telecentros
                         La Paz
                                                                            ODU
                                                               VoIP          IDU
           Modulador
           DVB                                          PBX
           Encapsulador IP                                                  servidor
           NMS
           Servidor
     HUB                Banco                                                          LAN
                                                                      HUB
VoIP
             TNMA       Demoduladores
                                    ISP
E1            router
                                                              Telefonia
 PSTN                  Cobranzas   DNS    Cache   Web
                                                              Pública
       Backbone
        Internet
Red E-Link-socio estratégico de DESATEL
                           Objectives
1. Bridge the digital divide in Bolivia:
         Telecenters and telecommunication
         services (Internet & IP telephony)
         Renewable energy services
2. Utilize Telecenters to deliver comprehensive
   development programs:
         Distance education, training and multi-ethnic
         content and cultural programs
         E-government transactions and workflow
         Municipal strengthening
         Telemedicine and micro-credit services
         Transfer of remittances from overseas
         Agricultural resources (water/soil analysis)
               Services


DESATEL will offer the following services:
  Connections to the Internet to Telecenters,
  schools, universities, health centers, micro
  credit institutions, municipalities, private
  companies, tourism operators etc.
  Radio IP, video, and IP voice transmission
  Web and email hosting
  A platform for long distance education
DESATEL Partnership
Telecenter Franchise System
DESATEL’s Community Telecenter Network will be
organized in a franchise system
Community and/or institutional (i.e. local partners, NGOs
and micro-credit organizations) stakeholders will
manage each location
Involvement by community stakeholders and leaders will
maximize facility utilization and accelerate technology
adoption
               Technology
DESATEL will utilize VSATs
DVB RCS open standard
technology offering two way
connectivity to reach regions of
Bolivia without land line access
Easy to install and operate
Ideal for institutional networks
with geographically dispersed
sites and/or communities
lacking infrastructure
Low-cost technology enables
DESATEL to offer extremely
competitive telecom services
and valuable programs
     Long Distance Education
            Platform
– DESATEL and GLOBATEL will
  use the Community Telecenter
  network as a platform for long
  distance educacional programs
  for public employees, teachers,
  micro credit organizations,
  NGO’s, etc.
– Broadband connectivity through
  a DVB platform will be provided
  by DESATEL. GLOBATEL will
  provide the video conferencing
  platform.
           Educational Platform

    VoIP
                                                Municipalities
                   Internet           LAN
                                                Educational centers
                                                Telemedicine
                                                Electoral Court
                                                Customs
                   video conference
                                                NGOs
                              Classroom         Micro Credit
                                                Institutions
Public Telephone
            Educational System
The system will include:
    Central Transmission
     Studio
    Two way satellite
     transmission, point to
     multipoint system
     using Broadband
     Internet
    Instalation, training
     and operation of the
     network
  Ideas to reduce the Digital Divide
• Support the Development of a Country Strategy and
  Action Plan involving the Government, Civil Society,
  Universities, NGOs, bilateral and multilateral aid
  agencias and municipalities. UNDP is supporting the
  preparation of a Country E strategy.
• Identify and search for innovative funding mechanisms
  (debt swaps, universal access funds, Food for Minds,
  etc) that will support the sustainability of ICT for
  Development projects.
• Set up a Center for Innovation in Information Technology
  in Bolivia for Development
• Strengthen Government institutions to assist in
  implementing E-strategies and E-Government Programs
  Ideas to reduce the Digital Divide
• Establish the GeSCI program with the Ministry of Education and
  ADSIB with support from UNDP, FUNDETIC, CRIS, etc.
• Implement a Universal Access Fund paid for by Telcos.
• Support the regulatory policies that will allow for the spread of
  wireless, VoIP and other state-of-the art telecommunications
  technologies.
• Promote public awareness campaigns on the importance of ICT as a
  Development Tool
• Promote ICTs as a tool to improve government efficiency, reduce
  bureaucracy and corruption and improve public services
• Support the development of culturally-appropriate content for the
  educational and development sectors
• Support ICT services for Small and Medium Enterprises
 Ideas to reduce the Digital Divide
• Support technological innovation in areas such
  as VSATs, Wi Fi, recycled and inexpensive
  computers, accesible and culturally appropriate
  software.
• Involve universities in promoting ICTS as a
  development tool
• Set up a Fund for Innovation in ICTS
• NEVER GIVE UP AND FIND CREATIVE
  SOLUTIONS TO THE CHALLENGES FACING
  THE ICT SECTOR
   ICT Center for Development and
             Education
                                     • Joint venture; Quipus
                                       Foundation, Mision Titicaco +
            connectivity               Fundetic
   support                             Empowerment, entrepreneurship,
                        computers      problem solving, business
 maintenance
                                       services, culturally- appropriate
                                       content development
          schoolcommunity
              + portal
                                     • Education,communication is key
education                programming   to sustainable development

                                                     www.titicaco.com
       training   content
       Contact Information

             Peter McFarren
               President

Fundación para el Desarrollo de las TICs en
           Bolivia (FUNDETIC).

           mcfarren@entelnet.bo
Many Thanks

				
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