The director of _'The Shawshank redemption_' influences the by jlhd32


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									The director of 'The Shawshank redemption' influences the audience in order to manipulate them into
thinking what he wants them to think. He forces his opinions onto them in order to provoke a respons
e and gain the audiences sympathy. He does this with the use of devices such as camera angles, light
ing, sound and other things.      In the opening scenes of the Shawshank redemption the director manipul
ates us to feel sympathy towards the main character 'Andy Dufresne', by portraying him as a calm and
 gentle man. The audience's expectations are immediately defeated as they wouldn't expect a calm per
son in prison. The director purposely uses our expectations to make us think he doesn't belong there
, right from the start.   The director provokes sympathy by using Andy Dufresne's character and manip
ulating footage to show his good side. For example this can be seen in the sexual abuse scene, the '
Sisters' attack Andy Dufresne with knives in order for him to fulfil their sexual desires but Andy D
ufresne is not a violent man and maintains his ability to stay calm by not hitting them. He defends
himself by using his intellect as opposed to violence, which reinforces the audience's opinion that
he is innocent and that he doesn't belong in prison, and maintains their sympathy. This also shows h
im to be a role model for the audience, which again brings us to think that he doesn't belong there.
     Even though we know that he is a criminal our pity is always drawn towards him because we are neve
r shown his 'evil' side. Not being shown his 'evil' side gives us evidentiary support that he doesn'
t belong in the prison. We are told that at the beginning he was a bad husband but are never shown w
hat he did, and to what extent is a husband defined as bad? We tend to only believe what we see and
as we do not visually see Andy Dufresne as being violent we begin to have doubts about his crime.             W
e are also manipulated into liking 'Red' another criminal, which Andy befriends, later on in the fil
m. The director does this by portraying Red as a non-violent man who never shouts and is always calm
. This is similar to Andy Dufresne. The director does this purposely so that we subconsciously assoc
iate them together, therefore if we feel sympathy towards one character we immediately feel sympathy
 towards the other, and so our relationship with Andy Dufresne also stems our relationship with Red.
 Red admits to being guilty of his crime and we know that he stays in prison for 40 years so his cri
me must have been serious, but we are never told what his crime was. The director does this so that
the audience doesn't judge him; the director manipulates the audience into thinking what he wants th
em to about certain characters.        The audience are also drawn to Andy Dufresne by his physique as he
 looks like a kind, innocent person in contrast to the other prisoners who are big and muscular with
 evil grins. The director purposely chose a very tall, non-muscular man with a friendly face to appe
al to the audience for sympathy and to make them like his character. Again the director uses the tec
hnique of defeating the audience's expectations of a convict in order to manipulate them into engagi
ng emotionally with the character so we can sympathise more. This use of contrast is typical through
out the film. This makes us more aware of Andy Dufresne's innocence.           We are told that the film is s
et in the 1960s by the narrator, which is the time of Martin Luther King, and his attempts to demoli
sh racism. This is significant as Red is black and Andy Dufresne is his friend. The fact that Andy D
ufresne befriends a black man is significant since; the director is portraying Andy Dufresne as some
one who is incapable of discriminating. The director does this so the audience's feelings towards An
dy grow stronger in the sense that we see Andy in such positive light, so it is hard for us to not e
ngage emotionally, to sympathise and not believe that he is innocence. The director leads us into a
false sense of confidence, as we don't know whether he is innocent or guilty yet. By choosing a blac
k man the director is also appealing to a wider audience, all races. The fact that Red is black furt
hermore, increases the realism as it shows there are a wide variety of people in jail.       We are shown
 again Andy's incapability to discriminate when Andy refers to a deceased being by his name in contr
ast to the prisoners who refer to him as a 'fat tub of lard' due to his overweight problem. This sho
ws that the prisoners are discriminative and common. The representation of the other convicts as bei
ng low classed citizens who find happiness out of other people's sufferings makes Andy Dufresne stan
d out more. The director purposely puts him on a pedestal so that we admire and like and sympathise
with him more.       To increase the realism, the director introduces us to a variety of characters. We l
earn their names as well, which shows there are more people than just Andy Dufresne and Red. However
 we only learn the first names of all the other characters in contrast to Andy Dufresne who we never
 hear as Andy alone. The director does this to show that Andy Dufresne is different he has a surname
; he's not common. To the audience the name 'Andy Dufresne' sounds too posh not common like a crimin
als. He uses our expectations again, to make us believe Andy Dufresne doesn't belong, as the audienc
e would never think of hearing an 'Andy Dufresne' in prison.        The director uses the narrative voice
throughout the Shawshank redemption to reinforce his points and feelings; he forces his opinions upo
n us through the narrator. The narrator is biased as he only tells the story from his point of view.
 This is done purposely for the audience to sympathise with Andy Dufresne. The narrator allows us to
 see Andy Dufresne's suffering visually but also describes it whilst the visual images are playing w
hich increases the suspense and tension, this is common throughout the film as it forces the audienc
e to focus on particular scenes which provoke more sympathy from the audience. The narrator acts as
an insight for the audience to experience inner thoughts and feelings of characters, this enables us
 to engage emotionally so we are more likely to sympathise with characters.           The film commences wit
h panning shots, across the street and then the camera zooms in, to focus on Andy Dufresne. The dire
ctor does this to show the viewers who the main character is. The panning shot is used to set the at
mosphere of isolation. The director further emphasizes the silence by using sounds, which we wouldn'
t usually hear such as Andy's footsteps and the crunching of the leaves beneath them. Panning shots
are also used during the court case to pan across the jury before the verdict is passed. This is don
e to build up suspense and tension.       Another panning shot is when the camera pans across the prison
outdoors, over the prison fences and tall gates. This keeps the audience enthralled through fear. Th
e panning shots are used by the director, to emphasize the power the prison holds over the prisoners
. This sense of power is maintained throughout the film. An example of this would be the officer's p
ower over the prisoners.        Throughout the first 30 minutes of 'The Shawshank redemption' the camera c
hanges to show us the surroundings from Andy Dufresne's eyes. This is effective as it gives the audi
ence an insight to Andy Dufresne's personal feelings and increases the realism. The director manipul
ates the audience as they can only see what happens from Andy Dufresne's point of view, so it's bias
ed. This causes the audience to engage more so they also sympathise more.                In addition to panning sh
ots there are many facial shots. The director does this to draw the audience's attention to the eyes
  as the eyes are meant to be 'the windows to your soul'. By drawing the audience to the eyes, this e
nables the viewers to develop a personal relationship with Andy Dufresne as they are given an insigh
t to his character. The audience never protest Andy Dufresne's innocence because the director convey
s it through his eyes. The eyes don't lie. This reinforces the audience's trust in Andy Dufresne.          A
s the sentence is passed the camera zooms in on Andy Dufresne's face. This is done to show the audie
nce the emotions that Andy Dufresne is going through so that the audience can engage emotionally. Th
e screen then turns black. There are many black screens in the film. These are used to the purpose o
f acting on the audiences subconscious; making them rethink of the footage they have just viewed to
create more of an impact on them.          From the black screen a prison door appears. The director intenti
onally does this so that the audience will associate prison with darkness; this makes the audience f
ear prison, as darkness is usually associated with evil things. This is a clue to the audience of wh
at Andy Dufresne is likely to meet during his time in jail.       Another device used throughout the firs
t 30 minutes of 'The Shawshank Redemption' is sound, both diegetic and non-diegetic. Non-diegetic so
und is used through the background music to create more effect. An example of this is seen in the ba
ckground music during the court-case. The music commences softly which leads the viewers into a fals
e sense of confidence as they are inclined to think that everything will be all right. However, ther
e is a sudden change in pace in the form of a gradual build up of speed and volume. This builds up s
uspense and tension. When the sentence is passed the music reaches a climax and as the screen blacks
  out, silence falls. Again this is done to build up suspense and tension and to keep the audience en
thralled.     Lighting and colour wasn't used as much as sound or camera angles, as the first thirty mi
nutes were mostly in the prison, so the lighting remained the same. Backlighting was mainly used to
create a shadowy effect. This was done, as shadows are associated with evil and darkness. The darkne
ss would make the audience enthralled through fear as darkness hides the evil doings and the directo
r wanted to portray the prison as an evil place.        Throughout the 20 minutes the director uses device
s such as language to show the audience that Andy Dufresne doesn't belong in prison and to portray p
rison as a bad and evil place. Below are some examples of this.            'He had a certain walk, a certain t
alk which just wasn't proper to folks like us' This quote shows the director provoking a positive re
sponse from the audience by manipulating footage to show that Andy Dufresne doesn't belong in the pr
ison.      'What was his name?' After the first death at the prison occurs, the director outlines the co
ntrast between Andy Dufresne and the other prisoners by using this quote. This quote shows that Andy
  Dufresne thinks of the dead body as a person unlike the other convicts. This again makes the viewe
rs feel that Andy Dufresne doesn't belong, as he seems too kind and draws their sympathy towards him
.     'The world outside is different, the people are different, everything's different'. The director
uses the word different repeatedly to emphasize to the audience, the contrast between the prison and
  the outside world, evil and good. The emphasis provokes a negative response from the audience, as t
hey have not yet seen the prison-life.       'In this hell-hole?' This reference to the prison is used by
  the director, to emphasize the prisoner's feelings towards it. The word 'hell' is significant as it
  conveys their emotion to you, as hell is associated with evil and darkness. This diverts your emoti
on and provokes a negative response as you are manipulated by the director to fear the prison.              The
director manipulates the audience into believing what he wants them to. He manages to control their
emotions by manipulating footage so that they can feel sympathy towards one character and hate towar
ds another. He does this mainly with camera angles, language and sound. This makes the film more eff
ective and leaves a bigger impact on the audience. director shawshank redemption influences audienc
e order manipulate them into thinking what wants them think forces opinions onto them order provoke
response gain audiences sympathy does this with devices such camera angles lighting sound other thin
gs opening scenes shawshank redemption director manipulates feel sympathy towards main character and
y dufresne portraying calm gentle audience expectations immediately defeated they wouldn expect calm
  person prison director purposely uses expectations make think doesn belong there right from start p
rovokes sympathy using andy dufresne character manipulating footage show good side example this seen
  sexual abuse scene sisters attack andy dufresne with knives order fulfil their sexual desires viole
nt maintains ability stay calm hitting defends himself using intellect opposed violence which reinfo
rces audience opinion that innocent that doesn belong prison maintains their this also shows role mo
del which again brings think that doesn belong there even though know criminal pity always drawn tow
ards because never shown evil side being shown evil side gives evidentiary support prison told begin
ning husband never shown what what extent husband defined tend only believe visually being violent b
egin have doubts about crime also manipulated into liking another criminal which befriends later fil
m does portraying violent never shouts always similar does purposely subconsciously associate togeth
er therefore feel towards character immediately feel other relationship with also stems relationship
  admits being guilty crime know stays years crime must have been serious told judge manipulates into
  thinking wants about certain characters drawn physique looks like kind innocent person contrast oth
er prisoners muscular evil grins purposely chose very tall muscular friendly face appeal make like a
gain uses technique defeating expectations convict manipulate engaging emotionally sympathise more c
ontrast typical throughout film makes more aware innocence told film narrator time martin luther kin
g attempts demolish racism significant black friend fact befriends black significant since portrayin
g someone incapable discriminating feelings grow stronger sense such positive light hard engage emot
ionally sympathise believe innocence leads false sense confidence know whether innocent guilty choos
ing black appealing wider races fact furthermore increases realism shows there wide variety people j
ail again incapability discriminate when refers deceased name contrast prisoners refer lard overweig
ht problem shows prisoners discriminative common representation convicts classed citizens find happi
ness people sufferings makes stand more puts pedestal admire like sympathise increase realism introd
uces variety characters learn their names well people than just however only learn first names chara
cters hear alone show different surname common name sounds posh common criminals uses make believe w
ould hearing narrative voice throughout shawshank redemption reinforce points feelings forces opinio
ns upon through narrator narrator biased only tells story from point view done allows suffering visu
ally describes whilst visual images playing increases suspense tension throughout forces focus parti
cular scenes provoke from acts insight experience inner thoughts feelings enables engage emotionally
 likely commences panning shots across street then camera zooms focus show viewers main panning shot
 used atmosphere isolation further emphasizes silence using sounds wouldn usually hear such footstep
s crunching leaves beneath panning shots used during court case across jury before verdict passed do
ne build suspense tension another shot when camera pans across outdoors over fences tall gates keeps
 enthralled through fear shots used emphasize power holds over sense power maintained example would
officer power over first minutes changes surroundings eyes effective gives insight personal increase
s realism manipulates they happens point view biased causes engage they addition many facial draw at
tention eyes eyes meant windows your soul drawing enables viewers develop personal relationship give
n insight protest innocence because conveys through reinforces trust sentence passed zooms face done
 emotions going screen then turns many screens these purpose acting audiences subconscious making re
think footage have just viewed create impact screen door appears intentionally will associate darkne
ss makes fear darkness usually associated things clue likely meet during time jail another device fi
rst minutes sound both diegetic diegetic diegetic sound background music create effect example seen
background music during court case music commences softly leads viewers false confidence inclined ev
erything will right however sudden change pace form gradual build speed volume builds suspense tensi
on when sentence passed reaches climax screen blacks silence falls build keep enthralled lighting co
lour wasn much angles thirty minutes were mostly lighting remained same backlighting mainly create s
hadowy effect shadows associated darkness would enthralled fear hides doings wanted portray place de
vices language portray place below some examples certain walk certain talk just wasn proper folks qu
ote provoking positive response manipulating footage name after death occurs outlines between quote
quote thinks dead body person unlike convicts seems kind draws world outside different different eve
rything word repeatedly emphasize between outside world good emphasis provokes negative response see
n life hell hole reference emphasize prisoner word hell significant conveys emotion hell associated
diverts your emotion provokes negative manipulated believing wants manages control emotions manipula
ting hate mainly angles language effective leaves bigger impactEssay, essays, termpaper, term paper,
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