Galatians Introduction Slides - DOC by Piecebypiece


									Galatians Introduction Slides

Slide 1- Introduction- Hope for Recovering Pharisees

            Galatians Background (Acts 13-14)

             Key Verse: 2:16 ―yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through
             faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith
             in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.‖

            The Jews believed in Jesus, but not in grace alone
            The Judaizers were attempting to base their justification on their sanctification,
             instead of allowing their sanctification to be based upon their justification
            The Gospel was perverted in Galatia
            This perversion caused social and racial division
            Paul forcefully fights for the Gospel of grace in this letter

Slide 2- Galatians Background
                  Map of Galatia 49 AD

Slide 3- Galatians Background
                  Map of Modern Turkey

Slide 4- Galatians Background
                  Map of Paul’s Missionary Journeys and planting of churches in Galatia

Slide 5- Paul’s Background and Conversion (Acts 26)

         Saul’s background

             •    Educated under Gamaliel
             •    Persecuted the early church
             •    A member of the Pharisaic party
             •    Zealous for God
             •    Said Christians were blasphemous and enemies of God
             •    Thought he was doing very well in God’s eyes

         Paul’s conversion

             •    The resurrected Jesus appears to him
             •    Paul realized that everything he said and did was opposed to God
             •    The turning point of Paul’s life was the truth that man can be justified and pleasing
                  before God only by what Christ did
             •    Paul realizes: Although I have a lot to boast about from human perspective, I have
                  nothing to boast about before God

Slide 6- The Historical Impact of the Letter- Luther

         Martin Luther

         “I was a good monk and kept my order strictly that I could claim that if ever a monk were able to
         reach heaven by monkish discipline I should have found my way there. All my fellows in the
         house, who knew me, would bear me out in this. For if it had continued much longer I would,
         what with vigils, prayer, readings and other such works, have done myself to death.”

         He later lectured on Galatians and commented:

         “I do not seek my own active righteousness. I ought to have and perform it; but I declare that
         even if I did have it and perform it, I cannot trust in it or stand up before the judgment of God on
         the basis of it. Thus I…embrace only…the righteousness of Christ…which we do not perform but
         receive, which we do not have but accept, when God the Father grants it to us through Jesus
Slide 7- Historical Impact of the Letter- John Bunyan

         John Bunyan

         "The God in whose hands are all our days and ways, did cast into my hand one day a book of
         Martin Luther's; it was his Comment on Galatians . . . I found my condition in his experience so
         largely and profoundly handled, as if his book had been written out of my heart . . . I do prefer
         this book of Martin Luther upon the Galatians, excepting the Holy Bible, before all the books that
         ever I have seen, as most fit for a wounded conscience."

Slide 8- The Historical Impact of the Letter- William Holland

         William Holland

         ―Mr. Charles Wesley read the Preface aloud. At the words, 'What, have we then nothing to do?
         No! nothing but only accept of Him, "Who of God is made unto us wisdom and righteousness and
         sanctification and redemption"', there came such a power over me as I cannot well describe; my
         great burden fell off in an instant; my heart was so filled with peace and love that I burst into
         tears. I almost thought I saw our Savior! My companions, perceiving me so affected, fell on their
         knees and prayed. When I afterwards went into the street, I could scarcely feel the ground I trod

Slide 9- The Historical Impact of the Letter- Charles Wesley

         Charles Wesley (wrote 9000 hymns and poems)

         On May 17, 1738, Charles noted in his diary: “I spent some hours this evening in private with
         Luther, who was greatly blessed to me… I labored, waited, and prayed to feel „Who loved me
         and gave Himself for me.‟”
         On May 21, Pentecost Sunday, Charles’ prayer was answered as faith broke into his heart.

Slide 10- The Historical Impact of the Letter- John Wesley

         John Wesley (started the Methodist movement)

         As he read Luther's description of "the change which God works in the heart through faith in
         Christ", Wesley wrote later in his Journal:

         "I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation; and an
         assurance was given me that He had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the
         law of sin and death."

Slide 11- The Centrality of the Gospel

         Luther says, "The truth of the Gospel is the principle article of all Christian doctrine....Most
         necessary is it that we know this article well, teach it to others, and beat it into their heads

         Luther called the Gospel, “The doctrine upon which the church stands.”

Slide 12- The Centrality of the Gospel

         “The Gospel is not just the A-B-C‟s but the A to Z of Christianity. The Gospel is not just the
         minimum required doctrine necessary to enter the kingdom, but the way we make all progress
         in the kingdom.

         “We are not justified by the gospel and then sanctified by obedience, but the gospel is the way
         we grow (Gal.3:1-3) and are renewed (Col.1:6). It is the solution to each problem, the key to
         each closed door, the power through every barrier (Rom.1:16-17).
        “It is very common in the church to think as follows. „The gospel is for non-Christians. One
        needs it to be saved. But once saved, you grow through hard work and obedience.‟ But Col.1:6
        shows that this is a mistake. Both confession and „hard work‟ that is not arising from and „in line‟
        with the gospel will not sanctify you—it will strangle you. All our problems come from a failure
        to apply the gospel. Thus when Paul left the Ephesians he committed them „to the word of his
        grace, which can build you up‟ (Acts 20:32)”
                                                               -Tim Keller

Slide 13- The Centrality of the Gospel

        Luther remarks, There is a righteousness which Paul calls ―the righteousness of faith.‖ God
        imputes it to us apart from our works—in other words, it is passive righteousness… So then, have
        we nothing to do to obtain this righteousness? No, nothing at all! For this righteousness comes
        by doing nothing, hearing nothing, knowing nothing, but rather in knowing and believing this
        only—that Christ has gone to the right hand of the Father, not to become our judge, but to
        become for us our wisdom, our righteousness, our holiness, our salvation! Now God sees no sin
        in us, for in this heavenly righteousness sin has no place. So now we may certainly think,
        ―Although I still sin, I don’t despair, because Christ lives, who is both my righteousness and my
        eternal life.‖ In that righteousness I have no sin, no fear, no guilty conscience, no fear of death.
        I am indeed a sinner in this life of mine and in my own righteousness, but I have another life,
        another righteousness above this life, which is in Christ, the Son of God.

Slide 14- The Centrality of the Gospel

        Christians never completely understand this themselves, and thus do not take advantage of it
        when they are troubled and tempted. So we have to constantly teach it, repeat it, and work it
        out in practice. Anyone who does not understand this righteousness or cherish it in the heart and
        conscience will continually be buffeted by fears and depression. Nothing gives peace like this
        passive righteousness. The troubled conscience has no cure for its desperation and feeling of
        unworthiness unless it takes hold of the forgiveness of sins by grace, offered free of charge in
        Jesus Christ, which is passive or Christian righteousness… Once you are in Christ, the Law is the
        greatest guide for your life, but until you have Christian righteousness, all the Law can do is to
        show you how sinful and condemned you are. But if we first receive Christian righteousness,
        then we can use the Law, not for our salvation, but for His honor and glory, and to lovingly show
        our gratitude.

Slide 15- Planting Church Planting Churches

        The best way to get the Gospel out is to plant new churches

       ―Planting new churches is the most effective evangelistic methodology known under heaven‖ –
        Peter Wagner

       Jesus’ call was essentially a call to plant new churches—disciple & baptize—to incorporate the
        believer into a worshipping community.

       Paul was a church planter. He went to large cities and planted churches—once he did this, he
        said his work was done and moved on.

       New churches best reach a) new generations b) new residents, c) new people groups—it also
        allows newer people to get into ministry.

       New churches best reach the unchurched—every major study proves it.

       New churches renew the whole body of Christ—breathe fresh life/ideas.

       New church planting is an exercise in Kingdom-mindedness since it forces us to not be territorial
        with our people or geography. This kills turf fights since we see the whole city in need of multiple

Slide 16- Suggested Reading

        Luther on Galatians by Crossway Books
        John Stott on Galatians by the Bible Speaks Today Series

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