Least Stressful Jobs - PDF by ofs11877


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									         Top 10 Most Stressful Jobs            Top 10 Least Stressful Jobs
   1. Inner City HS Teacher              1. Forester
   2. Police Officer                     2. Bookbinder
   3. Miner                              3. Telephone Line Worker
   4. Air Traffic Controller             4. Toolmaker
   5. Medical Intern                     5. Millwright
   6. Stockbroker                        6. Repairperson
   7. Journalist                         7. Civil Engineer
   8. Customer Service/
                                         8. Therapist
   Complaint Worker
   9. Secretary                          9. Natural Scientist
   10. Waiter                            10. Sales Representative
                           According to Health Magazine

                                         MOST STRESSFUL JOBS

                                   U.S. President
                                   Senior Corporate Executive
                                   Indy Class Race Car Driver
                                   Taxi Driver
                                   Police Officer
                                   NFL Football Player
                                   Air Traffic Controller
Here are this year's most and least stressful cities, chosen from the 100 largest metro

Top 10 Most Stressful Cities    Top 10 Low-Stress Cities
   1. Tacoma, WA
   2. Miami, FL                    1. Albany-Schenectady, NY
   3. New Orleans, LA              2. Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA
   4. Las Vegas, NV                3. Orange County, CA
   5. New York, NY                 4. Nassau-Suffolk, NY
   6. Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA    5. Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI
   7. Mobile, AL                   6. Ann Arbor, MI
   8. Stockton-Lodi, CA            7. Omaha, NE-IA
   9. Detroit, MI                  8. Norfolk, VA-Virginia Beach, VA-NC
   10. Dallas, TX                  9. Honolulu, HI
                                   10. Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC

"Most of the top-ten stress cities are grappling with high unemployment," said Bert
Sperling, president of Sperling's BestPlaces. "It affects the entire community, whether
you have a job or not. Rising unemployment has been tied to increased crime, and
declining tax revenues force reductions in social services that affect young and old alike."


Top ten most stressful jobs in the UK based on physical and psychological stress, and job
dissatisfaction (Source - *Source - Robertson Cooper 01/06/2004)

Physical health                                   Psychological health

1 Ambulance                                       1 Social services, providing care
2 Teachers                                        2 Teachers
3 Social services, providing care                 3 Fire brigade
4 Customer services (call centre)                 4 Ambulance
5 Bar staff                                       5 Vets
6 Prison officer                                  6 Lecturers
7 Management (private sector)                     7 Clerical and admin
8 Clerical and admin                              8 Management (private sector)
9 Police                                          9 Prison officer
10 Teaching assistant                             10 Research (academic)

Top 10 time management tips

   •    say no to extra tasks
   •    allow 10% of your time for unforeseen tasks
   •    don't take responsibility for other people's workload
   •    start a job only when you have time to finish it
   •    delegate, delegate, delegate
   •    be brief on the phone
   •    don't waste time chatting in the corridor
   •    start meetings on time
   •    avoid time wasters
   •    prioritise, prioritise, prioritise.


Britain's 20 most stressful jobs*

   1. Prison officer                8. Fire fighting               16. Linguist
   2. Police                        9. Dentistry                   17. Film producer
   3. Social work                   10. Mining                     18. Professional
   4. Teaching                      11. Armed forces                   sport
   5. Ambulance                     12. Construction               19. Catering/hotel
      service                       13. Management                     industry
   6. Nursing                       14. Acting                     20. Public transport
   7. Medicine                      15. Journalism
*Based on research assessing 104 jobs, by Professor Cary Cooper at the University of
Manchester's Institute of Science and Technology, in 1997.

getting worse

More than 60% of the 104 jobs assessed by Professor Cooper's team showed increases in
stress levels from 1985 to 1997. The top 20 most stressful jobs scored an average 6.5 out
of 10 on the stress scale. Prison officers scored 8.8 – up from 7.5 in 1985. Librarians, on
the other hand, scored only 3.3 – up from 2.0 in 1985.

In a national survey released today, nearly half of Americans surveyed listed New York (46%) as
the country's most stressed out city, followed by Washington, DC (27%).

Among respondents' least stressed out cities were Boston and Philadelphia (1%) and Cleveland
and Pittsburgh with less than one percent of the vote.


Determinants of current job tenure: a cross country comparison


A comparative study of perceived job stressor sources and job strain in American and
Iranian managers


Spector, Cooper et al. (2001) in their comparison of 24 countries found that at the country mean
level, collectivism was associated with externality in locus of control. Furthermore, countries in
which people were external tended to score high in job strains. Combining these findings with the
general control literature, we would expect that Iranians would perceive less control, leading to
the first hypothesis:
Hypothesis 1: Iranians will be more external in their work locus of control than Americans.
Because Iranians are more external than Americans, we would expect their perceptions of the
workplace and their strains to differ, leading to the second hypothesis:
Hypothesis 2: Iranians will perceive more stressors and experience more job strain than

“Stress is simply the adaptation of our bodies and minds to change; and change, as we noted, is
about the only constant left in the workplace.” Peter G. Hanson, M.D.

"Pressure and stress is the common cold of the psyche." Andrew Denton


No one dies from working too hard. But when people don't get any
recognition in their work, the stress of that lack of control can kill them.
- Barrie S. Greiff


                   "Life Change Unit" Stress Ratings
Did you know any change - good or bad - means stress; and that the more intense the change is,
the greater its impact? A standard scale to rate change and its related stress impact has been
developed. Commonly referred to as the LCU Rating (or Life Change Unit Rating), here's what it
looks like:

      Stressful Event                                                             LCU
      Child leaving for college                                                   28
      Major change in eating habits                                               29
      Vacation                                                                    29
      Job promotion                                                               31
      Major change in sleeping habits                                             31
      New romantic relationship                                                   32
      Breaking up                                                                 35
      Troubles with co-workers                                                    35
      Changing jobs                                                               38
      Major change in living conditions                                           39
      Major purchase                                                              39
      Troubles with boss                                                          39
      Major dental work                                                           40
      Injury or illness that hospitalized you or kept you in bed a week or more   42
      Marital reconciliation                                                      42
      Accident                                                                    44
      Marriage                                                                    50
      Major change in health or behavior of family member                         52
      Miscarriage or abortion                                                     53
      Marital separation                                                          56
      Job demotion                                                                57
      Loan or mortgage foreclosure                                                57
      Decreased income                                                            60
      Pregnancy                                                                   60
      Divorce                                                                     62
      Death of brother or sister                                                  64
      Getting fired                                                               64
      Death of parent                                                             66
      Death of spouse or child                                                    105

Now that you are aware of some of the LCU ratings, exactly how much stress are you under? Are
you experiencing any symptoms?


                                                             BEST WORKING
                                                                1) Mathematician
                                                                2) Computer systems
                                                                3) Statistician
                                                                4) Hospital administrator
                                                                5) Historian
                                                             WORST WORKING
                                                             246) Taxi driver
                                                             247) NFL football player
                                                             248) Race car driver
                                                             249) Firefighter
                                                             250) President of the United
                                                             BEST INCOME:
                                                                1) NBA basketball player
                                                                2) Major league baseball
                                                                   player ($1,401,354)
                                                                3) NFL football player
                                                                4) Race car driver
                                                          5) Surgeon ($257,219)
http://departments.juniata.edu/csmath/topjobspage.htm   WORST INCOME:
                                                        246) Maid ($15,210)
                                                        247) Waiter/waitress ($15,171)
                                                        248) Cashier ($14,278)
                                                        249) Child care worker
                                                        250) Dishwasher ($11,110)
                                                        LEAST STRESS:
                                                          1) Medical records
                                                          2) Janitor
                                                          3) Forklift operator
                                                          4) Musical instrument
                                                          5) Florist
                                                        MOST STRESS:
                                                        246) Taxi driver
                                                        247) Race car driver
                                                        248) Senior corporate
                                                        249) Firefighter
                                                        250) President of the United
       The NIOSH report on the left is an excellent resource that cites the following:

   •    40% of workers reported their job was very or extremely stressful;

   •    25% view their jobs as the number one stressor in their lives;

   •    Three fourths of employees believe that workers have more on-the-job stress than
        a generation ago;

   •    29% of workers felt quite a bit or extremely stressed at work;

   •    26 percent of workers said they were "often or very often burned out or stressed
        by their work";

   •    Job stress is more strongly associated with health complaints than financial or
        family problems.


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