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					Auto Salvage Yard

Occupational Safety and Health
Hazards

   Sumit K Ghosh
   Safety Consultant, Bureau of Safety
   Education and Training, Department of Labor

                                           1
Topics
   Introduction to IOSHA
   Introduction to BuSET
   Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at
    Auto Salvage Yard




                                                2
IOSHA and BuSET
• Indiana Occupational Safety and Health
  Administration (IOSHA)
     Enforcement of safety and health standards
• Bureau of Safety Education and Training
  (BuSET)
  Consultations/On site visit and training


                                                  3
Indiana OSHA
•   Indiana - A state plan state
       IOSHA enforce Federal standard 29CFR 1910.
       All penalties collected go to the state general fund


•   Mission: To save lives, prevent injuries and
    ensure the safety and health of Indiana’s
    workers.


                                                              4
IOSHA Comprised four divisions:
     Industrial Hygiene
     Industrial Safety
     Construction Safety
     Bureau of Mines



                                   5
IOSHA Inspections
• Complaint
• Referral
• Fatality/Catastrophe
    One fatality
    3 hospitalized injuries
• General Schedule
    Randomly computer generated
• Emphasis Programs
                                  6
The IOSHA Inspection
• Compliance officer presents credentials
   • Purpose of visit:
      • A fat/cat, complaint, referral, or emphasis program results
        in a focused inspection
      • A general schedule inspection covers the entire worksite
• Opening Conference



                                                                  7
IOSHA Inspection (continued)
• Walkaround
     Point out hazards
     Interview employees
• Closing Conference
• Safety Orders (Citations)
     Provide abatement, and pay fine, if any
     Informal conference
     Contest

                                               8
The Informal Conference

 o   15 working day period
 o   An informal conference is conducted by phone
     or in person
 o   May result in a settlement agreement




                                                9
BuSET

• Bureau of Safety Education and Training
    Greater level of safety and health in the
    workplace
    Employee involvement
    FREE
    NO FINES
    EDUCATION -- prior to injuries or accidents
                                                  10
    BuSET’s Activities
 Safety and health consultations, on site visit of
  facilities in general industry and construction
 Training Programs
      OSHA 10-Hour courses, 30-Hour courses, short
      seminars
   Technical Assistance
   Voluntary Protection Program
   INSHARP
   Governor’s Workplace Safety Awards

                                                      11
Consultations
   Similar to how IOSHA inspections are
    conducted:
      Opening conference
      Walkaround
      Closing conference
      Report of Hazards
       – Confidential and comprehensive written report
       – Abatement assistance

                                                         12
Training
 Types of courses
    OSHA 10-Hour courses
    OSHA 20-Hour courses
    Short seminars/Half a day program
 Partner with companies/organizations/
  entities
 Written request

                                          13
BuSET Training Programs
 Accident Investigation     Lockout/Tagout Safety
 Cranes, Hoists, Slings     Machine Guarding
 Electrical Safety          Powered Industrial Trucks
 Emergency Action Plan      OSHA #300
 Hazard Recognition         Safety-Related Work
 How to Survive an IOSHA     Practices
  Inspection                 Workplace Violence
 Internet Based Safety      Power Press Training
 IOSHA Top-50 Cited
  Industrial Violations

                                                    14
Voluntary Protection Program
   Indiana VPP is designed to recognize and
    promote safety and health management
    programs.
   Management, labor, and IDOL establish a
    cooperative relationship at a workplace that has
    implemented a strong program.



                                                       15
• INSHARP is another recognition program:
   • incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard
     employers
   • work with their employees to develop, implement
     and continuously improve the effectiveness of their
     workplace safety and health programs
   • also includes larger employers who are willing to
     develop exemplary safety and health programs and
     mentor others to achieve similar results.

                                                           16
Workers’ and Employers’
Rights and Responsibilities




                              17
What are workers’ responsibilities?
    Read the OSHA poster
    Follow the employer’s safety and health rules and wear
     or use all required gear and equipment
    Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by
     your employer
    Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety
     committee
    Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do
     not fix them
    Cooperate with OSHA inspectors
     (see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)

                                                           18
What are workers’ rights?
• Workers have a vital role to play in identifying and
    correcting problems in their workplaces, working with
    their employers whenever possible
 • Workers can complain to OSHA about workplace
    conditions threatening their health or safety in person,
    by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through
    OSHA’s web site
 • Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to
    seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without
    being disciplined or fired
 (see OSHA’s Workers’ web page for more information)
                                                               19
What are employers’ rights
and responsibilities?
 Employers must provide a safe and
  healthful workplace free of recognized
  hazards and follow the OSHA standards
 The OSH Act grants employers important
  rights, particularly during and after an
  OSHA inspection
 Employers also provide training, medical
  examinations and recordkeeping

                                             20
Auto Salvage Yard
Safety/Health Hazards




                        21
Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health
           Hazards
    Emergency Action Plan      Electrical Safety
    Hazard Communication       Welding, Cutting, and
    Bloodborne Pathogens        Brazing
     (BBP)                      Compressed Gases
    Personal Protective        Confined Spaces
     Equipment (PPE)            Noise
    Machine Guarding
    Medical/First Aid

                                                         22
Emergency Action Plan

   29 CFR 1910.36- 1910.38
29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)



                               23
Emergency Action Plan

    Purpose: To protect the employees from serious
     injury, property loss or life in the event of major
     disaster like
    Fire
    Tornado
    Earthquake
    Workplace violation
    Bomb threat
    Hazardous chemical spill

                                                           24
Emergency Action Plan Requirements

    Emergency escape
    Evacuation diagram
    Fire prevention plan
    Means of egress
    Alarm system
    Emergency telephone lists


                                 25
Hazard Communication


    29 CFR 1910.1200




                       26
   Hazard Communication Standard
                29 CFR 1910.1200
Ensures that employers and employees know about work
hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence
of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is
reduced.
    Hazard               Container          Material Safety
 Communication            Labeling           Data Sheet
   Program

      Program                                   MSDS
                            Label




                                                         27
      HazCom Requirements
 Identify and list hazardous chemicals in workplaces
 Obtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and labels
  for each hazardous chemical
 Implement a written HazCom program, including labels,
  MSDSs, employee training, and methods employer will
  use to inform employees of hazards of non-routine
  tasks (i.e. spills)
 Train employees on chemical hazards in workplaces



                                                     28
Material Safety Data Sheets
   Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion
   Health hazards, such as signs of exposure
   Routes of exposure
   Precautions for safe handling and use
   Emergency and first-aid procedures
   Control measures


                                                   29
Chemicals in Salvage Yards
   Oil                       Battery acid
   Grease                    Transmission fluid
   Gasoline/diesel fuel      Mercury
   Antifreeze fluid          Solvents
   Brake fluid               Lead
   Hydraulic fluid           Sodium azide in air bag
                               detonators


                                                         30
Bloodborne Pathogens


 29 CFR 1910.1030




                       31
Introduction to BBP
   Approximately 5.6 million workers are at risk:
       human immunodeficiency virus (HIV – the virus that causes
       AIDS)
       hepatitis B virus (HBV)
       hepatitis C virus (HCV)
   OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes
    safeguards to protect workers against the health
    hazards from exposure to blood and other potentially
    infectious materials, and to reduce their risk from this
    exposure

                                                                   32
Who is covered by the standard

• All employees who could be “reasonably
  anticipated” as the result of performing their job
  duties to face contact with blood and other
  potentially infectious materials




                                                       33
How does exposure occur
 Most common:    needlesticks
 Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels,
  broken glass, sharp metal, etc.)
 Contact of mucous membranes (for example, the
  eye, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded)
  skin with contaminated blood



                                               34
    BBP Requirements
• Hazard assessment
• Written BBP exposure control plan
• Employee involvement in selection of safer
    medical devices
•   Training



                                               35
Personal Protective Equipment
   29 CFR 1910.132-.138

•   Eye, face, body, hands, feet, airways
•   Hazard Assessment
•   Equipment Selection
•   Training




                                            36
 Eye/Face Protection
 When employees
 are exposed to:
   Flying particles
   Molten metal
   Liquid chemical,
     gas, acid, vapors
   Injurious light
   radiation


                         37
Welding Face/Eye Protection
                 UV protection

                         Radiation
                         Protection




                                      38
Protection of Feet/Toes
 Steel-toe boots,
  metatarsals
    Falling objects
    Rolling objects
    Objects that can
    pierce sole of foot
    Electrical            Lawnmower accident; part of steel
                          toe is beside shoe; foot owner’s
                          toes were only bruised.
                                                       39
Protection of Hands/Arms
• Gloves appropriate for the work being done
    Chemicals
    Lacerations
    Abrasions
    Punctures
    Electrical
    Thermal
• Arm protection

                                               40
Head and Body Protection
 Hard hat
 Apron




                           41
Respiratory Protection
• To control occupational diseases cased by
    contaminated air, harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists,
    gases, smocks, sprays, or vapors.
•   Respirator shall be provided by employers.
•   Written respiratory protection program by employer.
•   Respirator selection and evaluation.
•   Medical evaluation
•   Training
•   Fit test
•   Recordkeeping
                                                           42
Respirator Cartridges




                        43
PPE Training
• Employer shall provide training.
• Training must cover:
     When PPE is necessary
     What PPE is necessary
     Proper wear, adjustment, care, disposal,
     maintenance etc.



                                                44
 Machine Guarding
29 CFR 1910.211 Subpart O




                            45
      NO TONGUE GUARD




       # 2 on
      IOSHA’s
       Top-10
      Hazards
      Cited list
(2)                     46
      Work rest 1/8” ?

(8)                      47
  Pulley guarding….
   1910.219(d)(1)




(11)                  48
49
 Lockout/Tagout 29 CFR 1910.147

 Control of hazardous energy
     Electrical
     Chemical
     Hydraulic
     Pneumatic




                                50
        LO/TO Requirements
• Energy Control Program
• Energy Control Procedures for each piece
    of equipment
•   Devices used for locking out equipment
•   Training of all employees



                                             51
Medical and First Aid
      29 CFR 1910.151

• Availability of eyes and body wash facility within
  the work area for emergency use
   • Caustic/corrosive chemicals




                                                   52
53
 Electrical Hazards 29 CFR 1910
            Subpart S
An average of one worker is electrocuted on the
 job every day
There are four main types of electrical injuries:
    Electrocution (death due to electrical shock)
    Electrical shock
    Burns
    Falls
LOW VOLTAGE DOES NOT MEAN LOW HAZARD


                                                    54
 Electrical Burns
Most common shock-related,
 nonfatal injury
Occurs when you touch          Electrical burn immediately
 electrical wiring or           after accident
 equipment that is improperly
 used or maintained
Typically occurs on the
 hands
Very serious injury that
 needs immediate attention
                                  Same hand 72 hrs. later
                                                    55
    Grounding Path
• The path to ground from
    circuits, equipment, and
    enclosures must be
    permanent and
    continuous
•   Violation shown here is an
    extension cord with a
    missing grounding prong

                                 56
Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist
•   Tripped circuit breakers or blown fuses
•   Tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxes
•   GFCI that shuts off a circuit
•   Worn or frayed insulation around wire or connection
•   Too many cords plugged into a circuit
•   Conductor is too small to carry the current
•   Electrical cords wrapped around metal objects (ladder)
•   Overhead power lines when working at heights
•   Open junction boxes/cabinets
                                                       57
Electrical Training
Train employees working with electric
equipment in safe work practices, including:
•   Deenergizing electric equipment before
    inspecting or making repairs
•   Using electric tools that are in good repair
•   Using good judgment when working near
    energized lines
•   Using appropriate protective equipment


                                                   58
   Welding, Cutting, and Brazing
            29 CFR 1910 Subpart Q

• Oxygen-fuel gas
  welding and
  cutting

• Arc welding and
  cutting

• Resistance
  welding

                                    59
Welding/Cutting/Brazing Hazards
 • Fire hazards
       Combustibles
 • Eye and face protection
 • Respiratory protection
       Lead, other metals, emissions, byproducts
 •   Ventilation
 •   Protective clothing (including body and hands)
 •   Confined spaces
 •   Cylinders

                                                      60
Compressed Gases
•   Safety relief devices
•   Protected from falling or machinery
•   Legibly marked – contents & hazard identification
•   Valve protection cap
•   Oxygen stored away from fuel gases
•   Limited amount than can be stored indoors
•   Transportation of cylinders


                                                        61
Confined Spaces(29 CFR 1910.146)

 1.   Is large enough and so configured that an
      employee can bodily enter and perform
      assigned work; and
 2.   Has limited or restricted means for entry or
      exit; and
 3.   Is not designed for continuous employee
      occupancy.

                                                 62
Permit Required Confined Spaces
1.   Hazardous atmosphere;
2.   Engulfment hazard;
3.   Internal configuration;
4.   Contains any other recognized serious
     hazard.



                                             63
Noise(29 CFR 1910.95)
• More than 85 dBA needs hearing
 conservation program
  • Audiometric testing
  • Hearing protection
  • Training
  • Access to information on noise standard



                                              64
Additional Hazards
• Cranes – overhead, gantry
     29 CFR 1910.179
• Slings used for cranes
     29 CFR 1910.184
• Forklifts and other powered industrial trucks
     29 CFR 1910.178
• Materials handling
   • 29 CFR 1910.176
   • Aisles clear, secure stacking, housekeeping
                                                   65
     Referrals to IOSHA
              and
Fatality Notification to IOSHA

        (317) 232-2693
        (317)-232-6300


                                 66
More Information on Safety and Health Hazards

 Osha website: www.osha.gov
 IDOL Web: http://www.in.gov/labor/


BuSET
  (317) 232-2688
sghosh@dol.state.in.us
  (317)-233-9561

              www.buset.info
 Osha Phone: 1800-321-6742
                                           67
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