The Scarlet Letter.ppt

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					 The Scarlet Letter


 By Nathaniel Hawthorne

Presentation by Mr. Wootton
Who was Nathaniel Hawthorne?
 Born July 4th 1804, second child of
  Nathaniel Hathorne, a sea captain
 Father dies at sea in 1808

 1821-1825 studies at Bowdoin College adds
  a “W” to his name during this time
 1825-1839 Lives with his mother and
  makes occasional trips to New England
 1828 Publishes his first book, Fanshaw, and
  later burned all copies he could get his
  hands on
 1830-1839 publishes over 70 tales and
  sketches in various magazines, one being
  The Token
 1842- Marries Sophia Peabody

 Moves to the Old Manse in Concord
  Massachusetts and renews acquaintance
  with “Transcendentalists”
 1844 Daughter Una born
 1845 moves back to Salem

 1846 Son Julian born

 1846-1848 Surveyor of Customs at the port
  of Salem.
 1849 Dismissed from position. Hawthorne
  regarded his dismissal as unfair
 1850 publishes The Scarlet Letter.

 Dies in 1864
         Other Published Works
   1846 Mosses From an Old Manse
   1851 The House of the Seven Gables
   1851 The Snow Image and Other Twice Told
    Tales
   1851 The Wonder Book
   1852 The Blithedale Romance
   1853 Tanglewood Tales
   1860 The Marble Faun
   1863 Our Old Home
            Transcendentalism
   1 ( Transcendentalism) an idealistic
    philosophical and social movement that
    developed in New England around 1836 in
    reaction to rationalism. Influenced by
    romanticism, Platonism, and Kantian
    philosophy, it taught that divinity pervades all
    nature and humanity, and its members held
    progressive views on feminism and
    communal living. Ralph Waldo Emerson and
    Henry David Thoreau were central figures.
       Transcendentalism (cont)
   a system developed by Immanuel Kant,
    based on the idea that, in order to
    understand the nature of reality, one
    must first examine and analyze the
    reasoning process that governs the
    nature of experience.
    So what the @%&! Does that
               mean?
   What we now know as transcendentalism first
    arose among the liberal New England
    Congregationalists, who departed from
    orthodox Calvinism in two respects: they
    believed in the importance and efficacy of
    human striving, as opposed to the bleaker
    Puritan picture of complete and inescapable
    human depravity; and they emphasized the
    unity rather than the trinity of God (hence the
    term Unitarian, originally a term of abuse that
    they came to adopt.
       And in English please…
   Transcendentalism is an American
    literary, political, and philosophical
    movement of the early nineteenth
    century, centered around Ralph Waldo
    Emerson. Other important
    transcendentalists were Henry David
    Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, Amos
    Bronson Alcott, Frederic Henry Hedge,
    and Theodore Parker
 Transcendentalists operated with the
  sense that a new era was at hand. They
  were critics of their contemporary
  society for its unthinking conformity, and
  urged that each individual find, in
  Emerson's words, an original relation to
  the universe (O, 3).
 Basically they were some of the first
  non-conformists
   Emerson and Thoreau sought this
    relation in solitude amidst nature, and in
    their writing. By the 1840s they, along
    with other transcendentalists, were
    engaged in the social experiments of
    Brook Farm, Fruitlands, and Walden;
    and, by the 1850's in an increasingly
    urgent critique of American slavery.
    How does this relate to what
         we’re reading?
 Hawthorne is considered by some to be a
  Transcendentalist and by others to not be
 You will be telling me what you think with
  a long paper at the end of this book
 Hint: start underlining and keep these
  thoughts in the back of your head!!
   What to look for in this book
Transcendental ideals
Symbolism
Divine presence and human representation of
  that presence
Morality
       Transcendental Ideals
 Puritan way of life, good or bad?
 Human nature and its relation with divine
  law and human law
 To what extent should we obey the law?
              Symbolism
 the use of symbols to represent ideas or
  qualities
 OR

 an artistic and poetic movement or style
  using symbolic images and indirect
  suggestion to express mystical ideas,
  emotions, and states of mind.
            Symbolism (Cont)
   COLOR!
    – Hawthorne chose every color mentioned in this
      book intentionally and it ALWAYS means
      something
   NAMES
    – Look at the character’s names. How are they
      Significant
               Morality
 What is Good?
 What is Evil?

 Who defines each?

 God? Humans? The individual?
       How this will all go down
   As we read I will continue to assign papers about
    every two weeks, starting Monday
   Reading worksheets will be required with every
    reading
   You will have a reading assignment every night
    which I expect you to complete
   For extra credit: between now and the end of us
    reading this book you may read an essay from the
    back and write a three paragraph summary.
   It may NOT be one we discuss in class
              Bibliography
 http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/transcenden
  talism/
 A Norton Critical Edition of The Scarlet
  Letter

				
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