Quarter Two by nix10042

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 17

									                                                      Quarter Two:
                                                     Early Civilization
                                       Second Quarter: Essential Understandings
Essential Understandings reflect outcomes for student learning based on the Grade 9 Social Studies and English Language Arts
Standards. Essential Understandings are the “big ideas” which bridge time and space and which comprise expected deep
understandings derived from study. The Essential Understandings are clustered into themes which are studied throughout the course.
Students who successfully complete Honors 9 World History and Literature will have demonstrated on performance assessments a
firm grasp of the Essential Understandings by providing specific examples and analyzing just how theses concepts have occurred
through world history and how they are reflected in world literature.
Theme: Space and Place
1. Geography influences the development of a civilization.
   • How is a society’s culture affected by its geography?
   • What role did geographic factors play in the development of early civilizations?
   • What factors influence the rise, development, and fall of civilizations?
2. Forces of nature create economic and cultural changes in a civilization.
   • What role did geographic factors play in the development of early civilizations?
3. Humans shape and adapt to their environment.
   • What role did geographic factors play in the development of early civilizations?
   • Why do people alter their environment?
4. A civilization’s geographical location affects its global interaction and economic and political power.
   • What role did geographic factors play in the development of early civilizations?
   • Why do cultures change?
   • What factors encouraged or limited contacts between and within Eastern and Western civilizations?
Theme: Culture
5. Movement of goods, people, and ideas are conduits for cultural change.
   • What factors encouraged or limited contacts between and within Eastern and Western civilizations?
   • Why is historical memory more far-reaching with some cultures than with others?
   • Why do cultures change?
    • What factors influence the rise, development, and fall of civilizations?
    • How did scientific developments influence and advance early civilizations?
    • How could the cultural changes that resulted from the movement of goods, people, and ideas be described?
6. Language, literature, and the arts reflect the values and beliefs of a civilization and transmit culture.
    • What factors encouraged or limited contacts between and within Eastern and Western civilizations?
    • Why do cultures change?
    • What factors influence the rise, development, and fall of civilizations?
    • How does cultural diffusion affect civilizations?
    • What are the common threads woven through different religious beliefs that are apparent in religious artifacts and writings?
7. Culture disperses through assimilation or domination.
     • Why do cultures change?
     • Why do the roles, rights, and responsibilities of individuals in a culture evolve over time?
     • How does cultural diffusion affect civilizations?
     • How did the idea that “might makes right” characterize the dispersion of cultures?
     • What are the common threads woven through different religious beliefs that are apparent in religious artifacts and writings?
8. Civilizations share common characteristics.
     • What are the common threads woven through different religious beliefs that are apparent in religious artifacts and writings?
     • What factors influence the rise, development, and fall of civilizations?
Theme: Time, Continuity, and Change
9. Power and authority shape the rights and responsibilities of individuals and societies; individuals assume and shape power
and authority.
    • How have diasporas and their consequences continued to influence people and societies?
    • Why do the roles, rights, and responsibilities of individuals in a culture evolve over time?
    • How does cultural diffusion affect civilizations?
    • How did the idea that “might makes right” characterize the dispersion of cultures?
10. The chronology of global events and patterns of historical change contribute to the rise and fall of civilizations.
    • How have diasporas and their consequences continued to influence people and societies?
    • What factors influence the rise, development, and fall of civilizations?
Theme: Science, Technology, and Society
11. Science and technology affect and are affected by political, economic, and societal changes.
     • Why do cultures change?
     • How have diasporas and their consequences continued to influence people and societies?
     • How did scientific developments influence and advance early civilizations?
12. Scientific and technological discoveries challenge existing cultural norms and change global perspectives.
   •    How does modern technology change our beliefs about early peoples and events?
Theme: Communication
13. Communication includes all human attempts to convey a message.
    • Why is historical memory more far-reaching with some cultures than with others?
    • How could the cultural changes that resulted from the movement of goods, people, and ideas be described?
    • What are the common threads woven through different religious beliefs that are apparent in religious artifacts and writings?
14. The ideas of effective communicators influence and are influenced by their society.
    • Why is historical memory more far-reaching with some cultures than with others?
    • Why do cultures change?
    • How does modern technology change our beliefs about early peoples and events?
    • What factors influence the rise, development, and fall of civilizations?
15. Communicators reflect the bias of their time.
    • How did the idea that “might makes right” characterize the dispersion of cultures?
    • What are the common threads woven through different religious beliefs that are apparent in religious artifacts and writings?
16. Informed readers, listeners, and viewers construct meaning through the lens of personal knowledge and experience.
    • Why do the roles, rights, and responsibilities of individuals in a culture evolve over time?
    • How does cultural diffusion affect civilizations?
What are the common threads woven through different religious beliefs that are apparent in religious artifacts and writings.
                                                     Legend for Materials
LOL 9:      The Language of Literature-TE; Ninth Grade      WH:  Human Journey: World History-TE
LOL EL:     The Language of Literature Electronic           WHD World History in Documents
Library                                                     GWP: Granger’s World of Poetry
WL:         World Literature-TE                             Bb:    Blackboard Online Resource
LC:         Literature Connections—The Language of
            Literature novels
I. Africa and Mesopotamia          (2 weeks)
Social Studies Standards: 6SS2a, 6SS2c, 6SS6c, 6SS8c, 6SS9c, 9SS3c, 9SS4b, 9SS4c

English Language Arts Strands: E-1 Reading; E-2 Writing; E-3 Speaking, Listening, and Viewing, E-4 Conventions,
                           Grammar, and
                                Usage of the English Language; E-5 Literature; and E-6 Public Documents
     Social Studies                   ELA                      Suggested Instructional Strategies                Suggested
                                                                                                                Assessments
1. Nubia (Kush)          Wonders of the African World See Bb Folder in Early Civilizations: Africa
   a. Important          with Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
                         (DVD)                          Create Graphic Organizers that compare and
       corridor of trade
                         Segment: “Black Kingdoms       contrast cultures of the Africa civilizations and
   b. Lion Temple        of the Nile”                   the Egyptians .Use the graphic organizers to
       reflects                                         jigsaw information and analyze the influence of
       kingdom’s power                                  geography in the past and present for these areas.
       and glory                                        (See Bb Folder in Resources: Graphic
   c. Kush dynasty       “African Proverbs”             Organizers)
       ruled unified     (WL-page 84)
       Egypt for about
       50 years                                         Use a historical atlas and maps to compare and
   d. Decline – loss of                                 contrast geographic and economic factors that
       fertile land and                                 influenced the Nile River Valley civilizations,
       trade routes                                     e.g. Venn Diagram, discussion, etc.
   e. Kush civilization                                 (See Bb Folder in Early Civilizations: Maps and
       moves                                            Timelines)
       to Meroe for
       more secure
                                                        Someone has found 3 different cuneiform tablets. Reflection paper on
       location-Egyptian
                                                        One has been found in a sealed jar in an arid      the interpretations of
        influence carried   The Epic of Gilgamesh       cave, one has been found buried in a trash heap,   past and present by
        to area.            (WL-page 136)               and the last in an area that has annual floods.    scientists and
   f. Queen Nefertiti                                   Each has markings that can be deciphered but the   archeologists.
                                                        messages are not clear. Hypothesis the impact of
3. City-States of
                                                        the environment on the tablet itself and predict
   Ancient
                                                        how this will affect the interpretation of the
    Sumer                                               message. Connect this problem of interpretation
   a. Social Structure                                  to The Motel of the Mysteries. Connect this to
   b. Religion and                                      modern day archeological finds.
        Afterlife
   c. The Evolution of
        Writing-
        Cuneiform
                                                        Socratic Seminar and/or Literature Circles for
   d. Mathematics and
                                                        making connections: How do laws reflect            Write a paragraph
        Chronology
                             Excerpt from The Code of   values, needs, and biases of a society?            describing the Code
3. Akkadians                                            (See Bb Folder in Resources-Instructional          of Hammurabi and
                             Hammurabi
     a. Sargon, King of                  and            Strategies)                                        debate if the Code
     Akkad, conquered        Chapters 4 and 19 from                                                        was just; support
     the city-states of      Deuteronomy                                                                   your position with
         Sumer               (WHD-Chapter 1)                                                               examples that were
4. Babylonians                                                                                             reflective of the time.
    a. Conquered
        Mesopotamia
    b. Capital City-              Novel Options
Babylon                        To Kill a Mockingbird
    c. King of Babylon,                and/or
        Hammurabi,               Lord of the Flies
        established the
first
        civil and criminal
        written laws
5. Hittites
     a. Conquered
Babylonian
         Empire
     b. Technology-Iron
Ore                          from “The Tragedy of Sohrab   Small groups create a six slide power point
6. Assyrians                 and Rostam” from the          presentation that emphasizes how the trade and
     a. Founders of First    Shahname translated by        maritime technology of the Phoenicians resulted
        Library              Jerome W. Clinton             in cultural diffusion throughout the              Locate examples of
                             (WL-page 646)                 Mediterranean area.                               cultural diffusion in
7. Babylon Revived
     a. Nebuchadnezar                                                                                        your community. In
revived                                                                                                      small groups pair and
                                                                                                             share the examples
        Babylon’s Power                                                                                      and trace their origin.
     b. Built Hanging
Gardens
8. The Persian Empire
     a. United Many
People
     b. Economic Life
     c. New Religion
9. Phoenicians
     a. Carriers of
civilization
    b. Developed
alphabet
    c. Trade and
Maritime
       Technology

II.    Early History of the Israelites (One Week)
Social Studies Standards: 6SS2c, 6SS4b, 6SS8c, 9SS1b, 10SS3c

English Language Arts Strands: E-1 Reading; E-2 Writing; E-3 Speaking, Listening, and Viewing; E-4 Conventions,
                           Grammar, and
                               Usage of the English Language; E-5 Literature; and E6 Public Documents
     Social Studies                  ELA                      Suggested Instructional Strategies                 Suggested
                                                                                                               Assessments
1. Hebrews/Israelites     “In the Beginning” from      Research “Flood Stories” in different cultures.
    a. The Roots of      Genesis                       Compare and contrast various stories through
Judaism                  (WL-page 162)                 graphic organizers
        1.Abraham
        2. 12 Tribes          “Noah and the Flood”     Make a time line that reflects the major historical
        3. Exodus to              from Genesis         events and/or people of ancient Israel.
Egypt                                and/or            Research a significant event from the time line
    b. Religion             “The Book of Ruth” from and write a newspaper article that includes an
        1. Monotheism         the King James Bible     interview with one of the participants.
        2. Covenant         (WL-pages 170 and 177)
        3. Ethical world                               Use a graphic organizer to compare and contrast     Reflective Paper:
view                                                   the beliefs of the Israelites’ with those of Egypt  Beliefs and values
    c. Government and     Psalms 23 and 137 from the   and the Babylonians                                 can create internal
Law                      King James Bible                                                                  and external conflict
       1. Laws made by (WL-page 187)                                                                       within a society.
       God
       2. Equality
before God
       3. King Solomon




III.     Asia (3 weeks)
Social Studies Standards: 6SS2a, 6SS2b, 6SS3c, 6SS4b, 9SS2a, 9SS2b, 9SS3c, 9SS6a, 9SS10c

English Language Arts Strands: E-1 Reading; E-2 Writing; E-3 Speaking, Listening, and Viewing; E-4 Conventions,
                          Grammar, and
                              Usage of the English Language; E-5 Literature; E-6 Public Documents ; and E-7 Functional
                          Documents

       Social Studies                   ELA                     Suggested Instructional Strategies          Suggested
                                                                                                           Assessments
 1.     Indus Valley         “Right-Mind and Wrong-
       Civilization         Mind” from the
       a. Geography          Panchatantra translated by
           1. Rivers –      Arthur William Ryder          Using maps construct a physical model of the
           Indus, Ganges,   (WL-page 479)                 area showing the influence of geography on the
        and                                           growth and development of cities, trade, and
        Brahmaputra                                   society Label the significant landforms and rivers
        2. Landforms –                                of India .Investigate and predict why these
        Himalayas,                                    civilizations flourished and what might be the
        Hindu-Kush,                                   negative impacts of their location, past and
        Indo-Ghangetic                                present.
        Plain, Deccan
        Plateau, the                                                                                        Create a spreadsheet
        Ghats                                         In small groups create a brochure that compares       that will show an
        3. Climate –                                  and contrasts the development of cities with the      analysis of the impact
        monsoons,                                     growth of planned suburban communities in the         that development of
        varied climate                                present.                                              cities has on
        types                                                                                               geographical
2. Cities                                                                                                   resources, human
   a. Well-planned                                                                                          resources, and the
   b. Harappa and                                                                                           environment.
   Mohenjo-Daro
   c. Well-organized
   government
3. Farming and Trade
   a. Most people                                     Research the effects of war technology in ancient
   were farmers                                       civilizations
   b. Some people
   were merchants and                                                                                       Place yourself in the
   traders                                                                                                  role of a warrior and
       1. Contact with   “Rama and Ravan in Battle”                                                         write a letter to your
   Sumer may have        from the                                                                           family describing the
   stimulated Indus       Ramayana translated by R.                                                         technology, your
   Valley people to      K. Narayan                   Research the role of social classes and religion in   training, and your
   develop their         (WL-page 485)                ancient and modern societies.                         daily life
   writing
         2. Religious
     Beliefs
             a.                                                                                                   Predict why Utopian
     Polytheistic                                                                                                 societies have not
          3. Aryan                                                                                                been successful in
       Civilization                                                                                               history. Share the
             a. Divided                                                                                           predictions in a class
     people by                                                                                                    discussion.
     Occupation
             b. Class
     Divisions came to
     Reflect Social and
     Economic Roles
     more than Ethnic
     Differences
            c. Religious
     Beliefs
                1.
     Polytheistic
                2. Braham
     and
                   Mystics
1. China
                              “Phan Ku the Creator” from   Construct and present , as a class activity, a top
    a. Geographic
                             In The Beginning told by      ten list(in the style of Jay Leno) that explains the
Barriers
                             Virginia Hamilton             reasons for China’s geographic isolation
    b. Main Regions          (Class Set of Text)
 2. China Under the                                        Create a “Tabloid Journal” (in the style of
Shang                                                      National Enquirer) that claims the existence of
    a. Government                                          other civilizations outside of China. Individual or
                             “Nieh Cheng” from Records     small group activity.
   b. Social Classes    of the Historian translated by
                        Burton Watson
   c. Peasant Life
                        (WL-page 553)                    Using maps construct a physical model of the
3. Religious Beliefs                                     area showing the influence of geography on the
4. System of Writing                                     growth and development of cities, trade, and
5. Science and                                           society. Label the significant landforms and
Technology              from The Book of Songs           rivers of China and discuss the role of shipping
6.. The Zhou Dynasty    translated by Arthur Waley       technology in early trading.
                        (WL-page 514)
   a. The Mandate of
       Heaven                                            Using “The Book of Songs” as an example,
   b. A Feudal State                                     Compose a 2 – 3 verse song, rap, or poem that
   c. Economic Growth                                    reflects a current situation. Perform the song to
                                                         the entire class or record the performance on
                                                         movie maker.
IV.   Civilizations: India, China, and Japan (3 weeks)
Social Studies Standards: 9SK1a, 10SK1f, 10SK1g, 6SS1b, 10SS1a, 6SS2a, 6SS2c, 9SS2a, 9SS2b, 9SS2c, 10SS5a, 9SS6c,
                           10SS6a,
                         6SS8c, 6SS8d, 9SS8a, 10SS8d, 10SS2c, 10SS2e, 6SS3a, 6SS3b, 9SS3b, 9SS3c, 10SS3a, 6SS4b, 9SS4b,
                           9SS4c,
                         10SS4a, 6SS5b, 10SS5a, 9SS6c, 10SS6a, 6SS7a, 6SS8c, 6SS8d, 6SS8a, 10SS8d, 9SS9a, 9SS9b, 9SS10c

English Language Arts Strands: E1-Reading; E2-Writing; E3-Speaking, Listening, and Viewing; E4-Conventions, Grammar,
and Usage
                               of the English Language; E5-Literature; E6-Public Documents; and E7-Functional
Documents
     Social Studies                   ELA                   Suggested Instructional Strategies            Suggested
                                                                                                        Assessments
 1. Hinduism and         “Philosophy and Spiritual    Using Primary Source Documents                Panel Discussion
Buddhism                 Discipline” from the         (WHD-pages 81-85.)                            Panel Discussion on
   a. Hinduism              Bhagavad Gita translated by   Read the source documents and have students       the philosophies of
                            Barbara Miller                reflect on:                                       Buddhism and
      1. Polytheism
                            (WL-page 468)                     1. How did Buddhists define the main goals    Hinduism.
      2. Sacred texts                                             of life?                                  (See Bb Folder in
      3. Behavior           “Night” from the Rig Veda         2. How did Buddhism and Hinduism reflect      Resources-Rubrics)
         b. Buddhism        translated by Wendy Doiger            the traditions of their cultures?
             1. Eightfold   O’Flaherty                        3. How did Buddhism resemble Hinduism?
        path                (WL-page 454)                     4. How did it differ from Hinduism?
             2. Hindu
                             “Hundred Questions” from
                            the Mahabharata translated
         influences         by R. K. Narayan
              3. Sacred     (WL-page 460)
         texts
 2. The Mauryan
Empire
     a. Chandragupta
                                                          The Caste System has kept a sense of order and
     b. Asoka                                             peace among the people of India. Does it exist    Position Paper
     c. Decline                                           in every country around the world in one way or   What would be the
 3. Deccan Kingdoms                                       another?                                          long-term
 4. The Gupta Empires                                     (See Bb Folder in Early Civilizations: India)     ramifications of a
                                                                                                            caste system on the
     a. Peace and
                                                                                                            social, political, and
prosperity
                                                                                                            economic systems of
      b. Advance in                                                                                         a country?
learning
      c. Art and
Architecture
      d. Literature
      e. Trade                                        MODERN DAY CONNECTION
                                                      1. A 19th century American philosopher, Henry
      f. Political
                                                      David Thoreau, inspired Gandi with his essay on
Structures
                                                      civil disobedience to lead a non-violent
 5. Indian Life                                       movement against the British.
     a. Caste system                                  2. How does Hinduism affect life in modern day
     b. Family life                                   India?
     c. Role of women                                 (See Bb Folder in Early Civilizations: India)
     d. Village life
6. India
    a. The Delhi
Sultanate
    b. Effects of Muslim
rule
    c. Muslims and
Hindus
       1. Differences
       2. Interactions
       3. Cultural
Blending

 1. Philosophy in China    from the Analects by               MODERN DAY CONNECTION                     Students discuss and
                           Confucius translated by    Explain the literary term, maxim. Have students   debate maxims and
     a. Confucius and
                           Arthur Waley               read and compare Ben Franklin’s maxims to         then write their own
his rules
                           (WL-page 537)              those in the Analects.                            maxims that
       of conduct                                     Compare and Contrast Confucius and Franklin’s     accurately represent
      b. Hanfeizi and                                 maxims. How did they practice the Golden Rule?    Confucianism posting
Legalism                   from the Tao Te Ching by                                                     them in the classroom
     c. Taoism and the      Lao-tzu translated by Stephen   Examine why the Chinese valued the                     for ongoing reflective
Way of Virtue               Mitchell                        Concept of balance. Students will then use the         “moments.”
                            (WL-page 542)                   forces of yin and yang to describe that concept        (See Bb Folder in
 2. Buddhism in China
                                                            through an original skit.                              Resources-
 3. Government in China     Taoist Anecdotes translated                                                            Instructional
    a. Shi Huangdi          by Moss Roberts                 Jigsaw activity: Students review maps, resources,      Strategies)
       1. Imposed Unity     (WL-page 546)                   trading materials, and trace the route of the Silk
       2. Crackdown on                                      Road. Students identify the major trade goods
        Dissent                                             that moved in each direction and discuss the
                                                            dangers and rewards of using the Silk Road as a
       3. The Great
                                                            major trade highway.
        Wall
       4. Collapse of                                                   What’s On Your Camel?
        Empire                                              Students prepare a bill of lading that describes the
     b. The Han Dynasty                                     items they are carrying east and west on the Silk
        1. Emperor                                          Road. The teacher plays the role of “Controller”
        Wudi                                                introducing, bandits, geographical problems, and       Prepare and present
        2. The Silk Road                                    natural disasters that could hinder the trade.         an oral defense of
                                                            Students must react and propose solutions and          your trading
         3. Scholar-                                        predict outcomes as they maintain a journal of         experience. You will
        Officials                                           their adventures.                                      be addressing the
         4. Civil Service                                                                                          merchants who
        System                                                                                                     financed your trade
         5. Collapse of                                                                                            expedition and have
        Han Empire                                                                                                 either made or lost
 4. Achievements                                                                                                   profit. You must
                                                                                                                   describe all events
    a. Science
                                                                                                                   and defend your
    b. Technology                                                                                                  actions .
    c. Arts
5. The Mongols
    a. Conquests
    b. Mongol Rule
    c. The Mongol Peace
6. China Under Mongol
Rule
    a. Government
    b. A Western Visitor
       1. Marco Polo
    c. The Ming Dynasty
       1. Economic
Revival
       2. Cultural
Flowering
7. China and the World
 1.Geography of Japan                                  In response groups answer:                     Exit pieces:
    a. Archipelago                                     • What geographic similarities do Korea and    Each student writes
                                                           Japan share?                               one thing they
    b. Ring of Fire
                                                       • How are Korea and Japan different            learned in class and
 2. Origin of People                                       geographically?                            shares them as they
      a. Asian Mainland                                • How did those similarities and differences   leave the room.
      b. Earlier People                                    influence the development of each?
         (Ainu)
 3. Yamao Clan (Uji)
 4. Shinto                 Tanka Poems translated by
 5. Japan Looks to         Geoffrey Bownas and
China                      Anthony Thwaite
     a. Culture            (WL-page 568)
     b. The Heian Period                                    Have a discussion in which students compare and
                              from The Pillow Book by Sei   contrast the life and duties of a Samuri with those
6. Japan
                             Shonagon                       of an American cowboy
    a. Feudalism              translated by Ivan Morris     (See Bb Folder in Resources-Instructional
Emerges                      (WL-page 580)                  Strategies)
    b. The World of
Warriors
    c. Status of
Noblewomen
    d. Peasants, Artisans,
and
       Merchants
    e. Mongol Invasions
    f. Order and Unity                                      Research and discuss the roles of various women
Under                        Zen Parables translated by     through ancient history to include Queen Sondok The class forms a
       the Tokugawas         Paul Reps                      (Korea), Empress Wu Zetian (China), Hapshepsut “Women Who Rule
    g. Centralized           (WL-page 589)                  (Egypt) .                                        Seminar” and the past
Feudalism                                                                                                    meets the present as
                             Atsumori by Seami Motokiyo     (Reference:                                      students assume the
    h. Economic Growth       translated by Arthur Waley     http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs roles of ancient
 7. Zen Buddhism and         (WL-page 596)                  for a lesson plan on Hapshepsut.)                (Sondok,Wu Zetian,
    Japanese Culture                                                                                         Hapshepsut) and
    a. Theatre                                                                                               modern females who
                                                                                                             have influenced their
    b. Literature
                                                                                                             countries. Students
    c. Painting and                                                                                          select the “Most
Printing                                                                                                     Influential Ancient
8. Korea                                                                                                     Female Ruler” based
   a. History                                                                                                on the presentations
                                                                                                             and questions
  b. Unification under                                                                                           presented.
the Silla
   c. Culture




                                                 MODERN DAY CONNECTION

The ancient traders used a wide variety of materials as currency. Research the development of currency from commodity money to
coins. Hypothesize how economic values were assigned to coins and what might be some of the long term advantages of a money-
based economy. Relate your findings to the daily fluctuation of the dollar and your local currency through a graph that is updated on a
regular basis.

                                            IV: Original Production (One Week)
**Reference Assessment Opportunities
(See Bb Folder in Resources-Honors Assessment and Original Productions)

								
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