National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
KANSAS – 2008 Profile
HIV/AIDS has claimed the lives of over 550,000 Americans. Today, about 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV, the
virus that causes AIDS, and one fifth of those infected are unaware of their infection.
Reported AIDS Cases Among Adults and Reported AIDS Cases by Race/Ethnicity,
Adolescents by Transmission Category, Cumulative through 2007, Kansas
Cumulative through 2007, Kansas N = 2,933
N = 2,919
MSM (59.6%) White, not Hispanic (69.7%)
IDU (9.4%) Black, not Hispanic (19.2%)
Heterosexual Sex (10.6%)
American Indian/Alaska Native (0.9%)
Blood Transfusion (2.0%)
Kansas reported 2,933 AIDS cases to CDC, cumulatively from the beginning of the epidemic through December 2007.
Kansas ranked 35th highest among the 50 states in cumulative reported AIDS cases.
Although the overall rate of TB in the U.S. has declined
TB Cases by Race/Ethnicity, 2007, Kansas
substantially since 1992, the rate of decrease among
N = 59
foreign-born persons has been much smaller than that for
White (15.3%) In 2007, Kansas reported:
Black/African American (25.4%)
Hispanic/Latino (28.8%) • The 35th highest rate of TB among states in the U.S.
American Indian/Alaska Native (1.7%) (2.1 per 100,000 persons).
Native Hawaiian/Paciﬁc Islander (3.4%)
• 62.7% of TB cases occurred in foreign-born persons.
Hepatitis A, B, and C Virus (HAV, HBV, HCV)
In the U.S., incidence of acute HAV and HBV in 2006 was In Kansas, between 1997 and 2006:
the lowest ever recorded due to the availability of safe • Reported rates of acute hepatitis A decreased by 90%
and effective vaccines. But there is no vaccine for HCV,
• Reported rates of acute hepatitis B decreased by 67%.
and chronic HBV and HCV account for more than 50%
of new cases of chronic liver disease, a leading cause of Kansas began reporting cases of chronic Hepatitis C
death. Approximately 4.5 million people are estimated to infection to the CDC in 2002.
be living with HBV and HCV infection, and of that number,
approximately 50% are unaware of their status.
1 D E PA R T M E N T O F H E A L T H A N D H U M A N S E R V I C E S
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
P & S Syphilis Cases, 1998-2007, Kansas Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Cases, 1998-2007,
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 0
1998 2000 2002 2004 2006
Syphilis – Primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis (the stages In 2007, Kansas:
when syphilis is most infectious) remains a problem in the • Ranked 33rd among 50 states in chlamydial infections
southern U.S. and some urban areas. (295.9 per 100,000 persons) and ranked 26th among
• Kansas ranked 37th among 50 states, with 1 case of 50 states in gonorrheal infections (82.6 per 100,000
P&S syphilis per 100,000 persons. persons).
• The number of congenital syphilis cases has remained • Reported rates of chlamydia among women (476
at 2 or fewer between 1998 and 2007. cases per 100,000) that were 4.2 times greater than
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea – Chlamydial and gonorrheal those among men (113.1 cases per 100,000).
infections in women are usually asymptomatic and often
go undiagnosed. Untreated, these infections can lead
to pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause tubal
infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.
Program Initiatives Supported by CDC
HIV/AIDS – CDC utilizes a comprehensive approach TB – In Kansas, CDC funds the health department for TB
to HIV prevention that includes surveillance, research, prevention and control activities, including surveillance,
interventions, capacity building, and evaluation. In case management, and directly observed therapy. These
Kansas, CDC supports the state health department to funds also support the identification and evaluation of
conduct and support HIV prevention programs. Programs persons exposed to TB, as well as laboratory services,
are designed to meet the cultural needs, expectations, and medical consultation for complex TB cases, and training for
values of the populations they serve, and CDC involves state and local TB control staff.
affected communities in the HIV prevention community Viral Hepatitis – In Kansas, CDC supports an adult viral
planning process to ensure that funding goes to those who hepatitis prevention coordinator to provide management,
need it most. Surveillance efforts are also supported. networking, and technical expertise for successful
STDs – In Kansas, CDC funds the state health department integration of viral hepatitis prevention activities into
through the Comprehensive STD Prevention System existing public health programs.
(CSPS) grant program. CSPS supports a community-
CDC funding to Kansas, 2008
wide, science-based, interdisciplinary approach to STD
prevention that includes behavioral interventions, medical HIV/AIDS $1,950,837
and laboratory services, disease surveillance, outbreak STDs $841,764
response, professional development, and STD awareness TB $397,590
and education campaigns. Viral Hepatitis $67,673
For More Information
2 D E PA R T M E N T O F H E A L T H A N D H U M A N S E R V I C E S
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention