The Town of Longmeadow is proud of its residential architecture stick by benbenzhou


The Town of Longmeadow is proud of its residential architecture stick

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									The Town of Longmeadow is proud of its residential architecture. Many, many examples of historic and
contemporary architectural styles exist in homes meticulously maintained by their appreciative owners.

The gallery of photos you see here is a small subset of these Longmeadow residences. Those chosen for the
web site are examples of pre-1970 homes and many go back to early Longmeadow origins of the 18 th
century. The dominant architecture for each home is captioned and then a fuller description is provided.

 Pic     Dominant                           Architectural Description
  #    Style of house
1      Tudor         Approximate year Tudor style was introduced in U.S. - 1900
                     Tudor is an elegant and popular architectural style based on English
                     cottages erected during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1558 – 1603)
                     and then revived in the late 1800’s. By the 1920’s there was a
                     preponderance of Tudor mansions in this country, which were
                     followed soon after by smaller Tudor houses based on the English
                     stone Cotswold cottage. While the primary exterior characteristic is
                     that of the half timbers, other common features were small leaded
                     casement windows, massive ornate chimneys and Cotswold-like
                     “flared” roofs (the latter visible on the far right of this house).
2      “Gingerbread” Approximate year “Gingerbread” style was introduced in U.S. -
       (Late         1875
       Victorian)    Best known by the name “gingerbread”, referring to its profusion of
                     decorative sawn details, this style evolved during a surge in
                     carpentry equipment in this country. It is also known as the
                     Carpenter style. Pattern books were used to create results that had a
                     whimsical look. The typical gingerbread house is boxlike in shape
                     and usually has a steep roof which provides ample opportunity for
                     the carpenters’ detail
3      Spanish       Approximate year Spanish Colonial Revival style was introduced
       Colonial      in U.S. - 1925
       Revival       This style is a mixture derived from the Mediterranean world but
                     influenced by the adobe of southern California, late Moorish
                     architecture, medieval Spanish church architecture, Baroque
                     architectures and the mission style. It became a very popular style
                     in areas with a Hispanic past such as southern California, Texas and
                     Florida. It is characterized by arched entryways, red tiled roofs and
                     white plaster or stucco walls. This style is rare in Longmeadow.
4      Bungalow      Approximate year Bungalow style was introduced in U.S. - 1910
                     The bungalow was influenced by many styles including Japanese
                     tea houses, swiss chalets and log cabins. They were built in
                     proliferation across the U.S during the early 1900’s and can be
                     found in many variations. They were an answer to a widespread
                     need for simpler residences and were loosely described as cottage
                     like dwellings. The bungalow lines are low and simple with wide
                     projecting roofs. Their design and material suggest a kind of
                     coziness. Common bungalow features seen in the Longmeadow
                  example are a gently pitched overhanging roof, a large porch with
                  tapered posts, and low, shed dormers.
5   Log Cabin     Approximate year Log Cabin style was introduced in U.S. - 1638
                  Our Longmeadow example was clearly not built during the typical
                  era of the Log Cabin in this country and actually varies
                  considerably from the pure log cabin style. However, it still adheres
                  to the spirit of the architectural style. The log cabin was introduced
                  into the U.S. by the Swedes in 1638. By the Revolution, the log
                  cabin had become the standard frontier dwelling, inhabited by all
                  nationalities as well as by the American Indian. Our example seems
                  to most resemble the log cabin form called the “saddleback” in
                  which there are two main rooms that “hang over” a fireplace. The
                  primary characteristic of a log cabin is the exterior visibility of the
                  round logs and the resulting advantage of not having to build an
                  extra framework to hold up the walls. The style has endured and is
                  still being built today.
6   Art Moderne   Approximate year Art Moderne style was introduced in U.S. 1935
                  This architectural style consciously looked for an expression to
                  compliment the machine age. The goals were simplicity and
                  functionality. It borrowed from Art Nouveau and was also
                  influenced by Art Deco. These houses were streamlined with
                  rounded corners, flat roofs, horizontal bands of windows and
                  smooth walls with no ornamentation. The semicircular room faintly
                  visible on the right side of our Longmeadow example typifies this
                  architectural style.
7   Cape Cod      Approximate year Cape Cod style was introduced in U.S. - 1710
                  The Cape Cod cottage is a successful indigenous solution to life in a
                  harsh natural environment based on early American building
                  methods. It is one of the most rational, functional designs for a
                  house in the history of architecture. Early Cape Cods were built by
                  ship’s carpenters as though they were “land boats” made to ride
                  shifting sands and withstand lashing wind and rain storms. They
                  were low and broad with only a seven foot ceiling height. Inside,
                  the rooms were clustered around a huge chimney that contained as
                  many as four fireplaces, used for heating, cooking and light.
                  Cape Cods have retained much of their original look and are very
                  recognizable and prevalent in New England.
8   Split Level   Approximate year Split Level style was introduced in U.S. - 1960
                  The split level style was a response to the late 1950’s culture that
                  necessitated the separation of the formal, informal and sleeping
                  areas of the house. It is considered a type of ranch. The family room
                  and its ever present TV were the new items in these homes. By
                  placing the entry and stairs in the middle of the building, all areas
                  could be reached immediately from the front entrance.
                  Longmeadow contains numerous examples of lovely well kept
                  spacious split level homes, our example being just one of them.
9    Adam         Approximate year Adam style was introduced in U.S. - 1800
                  Named after the Adam brothers of England who created their own
                  Palladian-influenced style, Adam houses are part of the overall
                  Federal architectural style. They are boxlike and delicate and
                  usually symmetrical. It is common for them to have hip roofs with
                  balanced chimneys on both sides to dispense sparks. Windows are
                  narrow with slender mullions. Delicately detailed palladian
                  windows are a common indicator of an Adam house, as in our
                  Longmeadow example.
10   Stick        Approximate year Stick style was introduced in U.S. - 1865
     (Victorian   The Stick home is another of the styles to emerge under the
     period)      grouping of the Victorian period. Architectural historians have said
                  of Stick buildings: “the skeleton becomes a total basketry of sticks
                  and the house is a woven fabric”. Steep gables with stick-like trim
                  work were common characteristics. Our Longmeadow example is a
                  relatively small Stick home nestled in the lovely Bay Path College
                  campus. Its most obvious Stick marking is its porch posts and

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