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The Town of Longmeadow is proud of its residential architecture stick
The Town of Longmeadow is proud of its residential architecture stick
The Town of Longmeadow is proud of its residential architecture. Many, many examples of historic and contemporary architectural styles exist in homes meticulously maintained by their appreciative owners. The gallery of photos you see here is a small subset of these Longmeadow residences. Those chosen for the web site are examples of pre-1970 homes and many go back to early Longmeadow origins of the 18 th century. The dominant architecture for each home is captioned and then a fuller description is provided. Pic Dominant Architectural Description # Style of house 1 Tudor Approximate year Tudor style was introduced in U.S. - 1900 Tudor is an elegant and popular architectural style based on English cottages erected during the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1558 – 1603) and then revived in the late 1800’s. By the 1920’s there was a preponderance of Tudor mansions in this country, which were followed soon after by smaller Tudor houses based on the English stone Cotswold cottage. While the primary exterior characteristic is that of the half timbers, other common features were small leaded casement windows, massive ornate chimneys and Cotswold-like “flared” roofs (the latter visible on the far right of this house). 2 “Gingerbread” Approximate year “Gingerbread” style was introduced in U.S. - (Late 1875 Victorian) Best known by the name “gingerbread”, referring to its profusion of decorative sawn details, this style evolved during a surge in carpentry equipment in this country. It is also known as the Carpenter style. Pattern books were used to create results that had a whimsical look. The typical gingerbread house is boxlike in shape and usually has a steep roof which provides ample opportunity for the carpenters’ detail 3 Spanish Approximate year Spanish Colonial Revival style was introduced Colonial in U.S. - 1925 Revival This style is a mixture derived from the Mediterranean world but influenced by the adobe of southern California, late Moorish architecture, medieval Spanish church architecture, Baroque architectures and the mission style. It became a very popular style in areas with a Hispanic past such as southern California, Texas and Florida. It is characterized by arched entryways, red tiled roofs and white plaster or stucco walls. This style is rare in Longmeadow. 4 Bungalow Approximate year Bungalow style was introduced in U.S. - 1910 The bungalow was influenced by many styles including Japanese tea houses, swiss chalets and log cabins. They were built in proliferation across the U.S during the early 1900’s and can be found in many variations. They were an answer to a widespread need for simpler residences and were loosely described as cottage like dwellings. The bungalow lines are low and simple with wide projecting roofs. Their design and material suggest a kind of coziness. Common bungalow features seen in the Longmeadow example are a gently pitched overhanging roof, a large porch with tapered posts, and low, shed dormers. 5 Log Cabin Approximate year Log Cabin style was introduced in U.S. - 1638 Our Longmeadow example was clearly not built during the typical era of the Log Cabin in this country and actually varies considerably from the pure log cabin style. However, it still adheres to the spirit of the architectural style. The log cabin was introduced into the U.S. by the Swedes in 1638. By the Revolution, the log cabin had become the standard frontier dwelling, inhabited by all nationalities as well as by the American Indian. Our example seems to most resemble the log cabin form called the “saddleback” in which there are two main rooms that “hang over” a fireplace. The primary characteristic of a log cabin is the exterior visibility of the round logs and the resulting advantage of not having to build an extra framework to hold up the walls. The style has endured and is still being built today. 6 Art Moderne Approximate year Art Moderne style was introduced in U.S. 1935 This architectural style consciously looked for an expression to compliment the machine age. The goals were simplicity and functionality. It borrowed from Art Nouveau and was also influenced by Art Deco. These houses were streamlined with rounded corners, flat roofs, horizontal bands of windows and smooth walls with no ornamentation. The semicircular room faintly visible on the right side of our Longmeadow example typifies this architectural style. 7 Cape Cod Approximate year Cape Cod style was introduced in U.S. - 1710 The Cape Cod cottage is a successful indigenous solution to life in a harsh natural environment based on early American building methods. It is one of the most rational, functional designs for a house in the history of architecture. Early Cape Cods were built by ship’s carpenters as though they were “land boats” made to ride shifting sands and withstand lashing wind and rain storms. They were low and broad with only a seven foot ceiling height. Inside, the rooms were clustered around a huge chimney that contained as many as four fireplaces, used for heating, cooking and light. Cape Cods have retained much of their original look and are very recognizable and prevalent in New England. 8 Split Level Approximate year Split Level style was introduced in U.S. - 1960 The split level style was a response to the late 1950’s culture that necessitated the separation of the formal, informal and sleeping areas of the house. It is considered a type of ranch. The family room and its ever present TV were the new items in these homes. By placing the entry and stairs in the middle of the building, all areas could be reached immediately from the front entrance. Longmeadow contains numerous examples of lovely well kept spacious split level homes, our example being just one of them. 9 Adam Approximate year Adam style was introduced in U.S. - 1800 Named after the Adam brothers of England who created their own Palladian-influenced style, Adam houses are part of the overall Federal architectural style. They are boxlike and delicate and usually symmetrical. It is common for them to have hip roofs with balanced chimneys on both sides to dispense sparks. Windows are narrow with slender mullions. Delicately detailed palladian windows are a common indicator of an Adam house, as in our Longmeadow example. 10 Stick Approximate year Stick style was introduced in U.S. - 1865 (Victorian The Stick home is another of the styles to emerge under the period) grouping of the Victorian period. Architectural historians have said of Stick buildings: “the skeleton becomes a total basketry of sticks and the house is a woven fabric”. Steep gables with stick-like trim work were common characteristics. Our Longmeadow example is a relatively small Stick home nestled in the lovely Bay Path College campus. Its most obvious Stick marking is its porch posts and railings.
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