If names are any indication, innovation has risen to the top of European Union policy agenda. Policy makers in Brussels now agree that innovation is essential not only to promote economic growth but also to lead the region to a sustainable future. But EU innovation policy has frequently been criticized for being too fragmented and dispersed. Talk of an Innovation Act comes as the EU mulls its next step after the Lisbon Agenda, which sought ways to overcome Europe's low productivity and stagnating growth. One of the measures was to boost research and development spending.
Entertainment and Design conference sectors open to foreign investment,” China market to pre-install software in Long Beach, California. “We also he says, “China remains a market of designed to block access to websites provided notiﬁcation when the local massive potential rather than that the government deems to be laws prevented us from showing massive proﬁts.” illegal, although technical difﬁculties with the software quickly forced a information, and local competitors Peter Gwynne, climb-down from that policy. At followed suit.” But after the Beijing Contributing Editor around the same time, the government Olympics in 2008, Brin said, the Boston, Massachusetts cut off all internet access in the situation deteriorated rapidly. email@example.com Xingjiang autonomous region in Few analysts, therefore, expressed China’s far northwest after a series of surprise at Google’s complaint that it riots involving the local Uighurs and had been subjected to what it the Han Chinese who dominate other perceived as government interference. parts of the country. Observers note that Chinese Anxiety about the behavior of Chinese institutions such as Shanghai’s authorities has extended beyond Jiaotong University have the computer-related issues. In February, capability to carry out sophisticated a Shanghai prosecutor indicted four employees of the Anglo-Australian cyber-attacks. Nevertheless, the Chinese government has denied any Innovation Taking Center mining company Rio Tinto, including an Australian citizen. The charge: assertion that it has hacked into Western companies. It has countered Stage in EU Policy accepting bribes and stealing trade with its own charge that its computer If names are any indication, secrets during negotiations over the systems containing secret data are innovation has risen to the top of price of Australian iron ore that being hacked by foreign companies European Union policy agenda. The China needs to feed its steel mills. and intelligence agencies. word can now be found inserted Political analysts have suggested that Some prominent technologists see between science and research in the indictments represent a ploy to hacking and counter-hacking as the recently renamed Science, persuade Rio Tinto to improve the inevitable parts of the computer Innovation and Research Directorate conditions of the planned sale—or business. “People are always trying to (formerly the Science and Research punishment for its refusal to do so. break into other people’s data,” Directorate). It is ﬁrmly anchored in Nevertheless, the cyber attacks have Microsoft’s co-founder Bill Gates told the name of the new European the most relevance for Western an interviewer on ABC’s Good Institute for Innovation & high-tech ﬁrms doing or planning to Morning America. “There’s always Technology (EIT), and it will be the do business in the Middle Kingdom. somebody trying to break into entire focus of the planned new “If the government is behind the Microsoft. . . . Chinese efforts to censor Innovation Act. spying, which most observers feel is the internet have been very limited,” Policy makers in Brussels now agree likely in light of the targets, the events he added. “It’s easy to go around it, so that innovation is essential not only to end any naïve beliefs that the I think keeping the internet thriving promote economic growth but also to government there views privacy or there is very important.” lead the region to a sustainable future. security in the same way it is viewed Nevertheless, as Google continues to But EU innovation policy has here,” says Shane Greenstein, a investigate the cyber-attacks and to frequently been criticized for being too professor of management at decide whether or not to fulﬁll its fragmented and dispersed. Northwestern University’s Kellogg threat of pulling out of China, other School of Business. “The restraints In a move to streamline its innovation overseas ﬁrms must consider the effect that app
Pages to are hidden for
"Innovation Taking Center Stage in EU Policy"Please download to view full document