Command and Staff Training at Higher Formation Level in

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					              Command and Staff Training at          PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                    Maavoimaosasto



           Higher Formation Level in the FDF`s
                         Army

            Background information
            Type of Exercise and Rotation
            Policy and Priciples
            Desired End State
            Conclusions and Time to Questions




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England   ARMY
                                                           PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                          Maavoimaosasto


                                       Background

            We are prepaered to use our troops only inside
            our own territory
            Training can be organized in their real AOR`s if
            needed and the number of possible enemies is
            limited
            Most of the HQ:s staff are reservists only core
            staff is career officers




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England   ARMY
                                                                       PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                      Maavoimaosasto


                                             War Time Units

            In our war time troops we will have all together 2
            Armoured Brigades, 3 Brigade 2005 (Modified Jaeger
            Brigades), 6 Jaeger Brigades and some 11 Infantry
            Brigades.
            We have also some 10 other higher war time HQ:s
            The Strenght in Staff Officer and General Staff Officer
            courses is 100 - 170 students at the National Defence
            Gollage.




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England        ARMY
                                                                  PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                 Maavoimaosasto


                    Type of the Exercises

            Every two years we have our main field exercise approx.
            10.000 - 15.000 men.
            The aims of the exercise are:
               Test our Operational Plans
               Test the Chain of Command
               Train Higher HQ:s
               Train troops and commanders
            We also have Brigade size(5000 - 7000 men) Field
            Exercises in all three Commands at least once a year.




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England   ARMY
                                                                  PÄÄESIKUNTA



                                 Type of the Exercises
                                                                 Maavoimaosasto




            Brigade HQ:s have three types of staff exercises
               Core Staff`s exersice (3 - 5 days)
               Staff Exersice, HQ and suport units (5 - 10 days)
               Field Exersice, part of the Main or Command`s Field
               Exersice ( 7 -12 days)




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England   ARMY
                                                                     PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                    Maavoimaosasto


                                             Training Rotation

            Training rotation is:
                Armoured Brigades and three Brigade 2005:s every year
                (at least Core Staff level)
                Jaeger Brigades every third year (at least Core Staff or
                Staff Exercise level)
                Infantry Brigades every three or five year (at least Core
                Staff or Staff Exercise level)
            All HQ:s are trained at least Core Staff level when the
            operational plan is changed




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England         ARMY
                                             Policy and Priciples    PÄÄESIKUNTA



                                               for CST-system
                                                                    Maavoimaosasto




            First system is planed to be in the use in 2001 (budget 10
            mm FIM/2000) and the other one in 2004 (Optional)
            Yet we don`t know will the simulator system be connected
            to our Operational Commanding System (C3I/Intranet) or
            will it be separated system
            We hope that system will be able to be linked with CTS-
            system




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England       ARMY
                                         Policy and Priciples       PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                   Maavoimaosasto




            The simulator in Higher Formation Level training is device
            to:
                     Calculate the end states
                     Estimates operational solutions
                     Adds realism to staff members work
                     Gives feedback to improve training results
            We are going to simulate sub-units activities, enemies,
            flank and support activities
            The HQ:s do not use the simulator even they don`t know
            that simulator is on use
            We are not seeking war gaming system




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England     ARMY
                              Primary Training Audience (PTA), Control,                                  PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                                                        Maavoimaosasto


                                     Play and Support Elements

            PTA is Brigade HQ and Sub-units, using their war time equipment and devices.
            EXCON (= Exercise control), Brigades war time CO and his deputy
                     Acts HICON, determinates the aims and coordinates HICON and OPFOR activities during
                     exercise
            Players
                     LOCON ( Lower control) acts BN:s and conducts the orders, install the data to simulators
                     band reports the results to Brigade HQ
            OPFOR
                     OPFOR plays the enemy`s solution and situation
            Flank control and support control
                     Plays flank and support activities
            Exercise support team
                     Technical support and monitor control, system support
                     Helps conducting the exercise




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England        ARMY
                                     Desired end State                                                                   PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                                                                        Maavoimaosasto




                                                                      X
                                                                     P TA (P rim ary
                     EXON                                            Train in g A u d ien c e)
                     (= E xercise co n tro l)
                                                                       X
                                   XX
                                                                                                 F D F `s
                                                                                                 In ran et/O p -n et




                                                                                                                        X
               X                             S im u latio n C en tre a p p ro x
                                             10 w o rkin g statio n s




                                                                                                  F o rce o n F o rce
                                                                                                  E xercise


                                                                       X



TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England                     ARMY
                             Conclusions
                                                                              PÄÄESIKUNTA
                                                                             Maavoimaosasto




               Open questions:
                                  The Combat Training Center ???
                                  What system ??
                                  Recourses (1.st System is in the budget)
                                  Are the models and the paramets valid ??
               Timing in 2001 first system is on use ?




TSWG2/99 27.9-1.10.199 9 Salisbury England   ARMY