Present perfect and Past simple
I) Study this example situation:
A) Imagine the situation:
Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it.
He has lost his key.
This means that he doesn’t have his key now.
B) Ten minutes later
Now, Tom has found his key . He has it now.
Has he lost his key?
No, he hasn’t, he has found it.
Did he loose his key?
Yes, he did.
He lost his key,
but now he has found it.
The present perfect is a _________________________ tense.
It always tells us something about __________________.(Tom has lost his key, he doesn’t
have his key now)
The past simple tells us only about the ______________________.
If somebody says “Tom lost his key”, we don’t know if he has it now. We only know that he
lost is at some time in the ___________________________.
II) Be careful, compare:
Shakespeare wrote many plays.
My sister is a writer. She has written many books.
The first sentence is cut from the ________________________________________________.
The second sentence means that this woman _______________________________________.
Put the verbs in the correct form:
“Where is Ken?” “ He ___________________________ out, he’ll be back in about
an hour. (go)
I did German at school but I _______________________________ most of it. (forget)
Aristotle ____________________________ a Greek philosopher. (be)
I ________________________ my finger, it’s bleeding! (cut)
How many plays _____________ Shakespeare ________________________ ?(write)
When ______________________ your parents _____________________? (get married)
________________________ you_________________ many of Shakespeare’s plays?(read)