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									                                     02-07年gre真题整理


                        【02-07年GRE真题及答案解析整理】
                            2002年11月23日GRE笔考题

VERBAL部分
Section 1 填空
1. Although she gives badly _______ titles to her musical compositions, they _______
unusual combinations of materials including Gregorian chant, Asian scale patterns and
rhythms, electronic sounds, and bird songs.
A. exotic … belie
B. eccentric … deploy
C. traditional … exclude
D. imaginative … disguise
E. conventional … incorporate

2. Even though the folktales Perroult collected and retold were not solely French in origin,
his versions of them were so decidedly French in style that later anthologizes of French
folktales have never _______ them.
A. excluded
B. admired
C. collected
D. promoted
E. comprehended

3. In arguing against assertions that environmental catastrophe is imminent, her book
does not ridicule all predictions of doom but rather claims that the risks of harm have in
many cases been _________.
A. exaggerated
B. ignored
C. scrutinized
D. derided
E. increased

4. There seems to be no ________ the reading public’s thirst for books about the 1960’s:
indeed, the normal level of interest has ______ recently be cause of a spate of popular
television documentaries.
A. quenching … moderated
B. whetting … mushroomed
C. curtailing … warned
D. ignoring … transformed
E. slaking … increased

5.Despite a tendency to be overtly _______, the poetry of the Middle Ages often sparks the
imagination and provides lively entertainment, as well as pious sentiments.
A. diverting
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B. emotional
C. didactic
D. romantic
E. whimsical

6. One of the first ______ of reduced burning in Amazon rain forests was the chestnut
industry: smoke tends to drive out the insect that, by pollinating chestnut tree, allow
chestnuts to develop.
A. reformers
B. discoveries
C. casualties
D. critics
E. beneficiaries

7. The research committee urged the archaeologist to _______ her claim that the tomb she
has discovered was that of Alexander the Great, since her initial report has been based
only on ______.
A. disseminate … supposition
B. withdraw … evidence
C. undercut … caprice
D. document … conjecture
E. downplay … facts

类比词
8. STOMACH: DIGESTION
A. heart : pulsation     B. eye : recognition C. muscle : exertion D. skin : irritation
E. lung : respiration
9. DEHYDRATE : WATER
A. melt : liquid        B. wither : vitality C. anchor : stability D. emote : enthusiasm
E. shrivel : winkle
10. RAVENOUS: HUNGRY
A. congenial : friendly B. mean : wild         C. obsessed : absorbed D. inept : clumsy
E. sated : savory
11. ELEGY : LAMENT
A. epic : idolize       B. comely : please      C. parody : ridicule       D. sonnet : court
E. tragedy : pity
12. ANECDOTE : NARRATIVE
A. acronym : letter       B. summary : excerpt         C. simile : comparison
D. metaphor : fantasy E. pseudonym : signature
13. TRUNATE : LENGTH
A. separate : substance B. ventilate : circulation C. vaccinate : immunity
D. transfer : location      E. cool : temperature
14. GENERATION: INDIVIDUAL
A. conference : speaker B. shift : laborer       C. city : official     D. tree : limb
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E. river : stream
15. RERERTOIRE : PERFORMANCE
A. agenda : meeting       B. catalog : library C. manifest : cargo   D. invoice : receipt
E. inventory : sale
16. BLANDISHMENT : COAX
A. equivocation : dispute B. assessment : infer C. augmentation : complicate
D. persuasion : coerce     E. explanation : enlighten

短文章
Industrial production of powders involves mechanical forces fracturing individual particles
of material into ever-smaller particles. The theory explaining this fracturing recognizes two
general types of behavior exhibited by material under stress: elastic and plastic
deformation. Elastic deformation occurs when stress is placed or a brittle material, which
deforms and then returns to its original shape when stress is removed. If the material is
stressed too heavily, however, excess energy builds up and the material fractures. This
behavior makes brittle material fracture suddenly when subjected to mechanical impact by
powder-making machines. No brittle, or ductile, materials by contrast, are harder to
fracture, since they respond to comparable amounts of stress by deforming plastically, that
is, by changing sh ape permanently. Excess energy that builds up in the strained material is
expended in deformation of the material rather than in fracturing. Plastic behavior can al so
be exhibited by brittle materials as their particles become smaller during processing and
thus less susceptible to fracturing.

反义词
28. DISAVOW
A. instigate  B. acknowledge     C. envision D. ameliorate       E. inculcate
29. FLOURISH
A. lose out    B. catch up      C. turn off   D. waste away      E. slow down
30. HYPERBOLE
A. misdemeanor B. understatement C. imprecation D. concession       E. obstinacy
31. RIVETING
A. appetizing  B. enriching     C. wearisome D. wasteful          E. harmful
32. DAMN
A. undo       B. entreat         C. mollify  D. motivate         E. extol
33. REPROACH
A. sustain     B. advance       C. acclaim    D. manipulate       E. embellish
34. MYOPIA
A. maturity    B. prescience    C. prompt response     D. good fortune      E. final
event
35. NICE
A. restrained   B. colorless      C. obscure   D. imprecise        E. balanced
36. LASSITUDE
A. pride       B. breadth        C. vim       D. pomp              E. valor
37. PUSILLANIMOUS
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A. successful     B. sociable           C. adept      D. stouthearted        E. trustworthy
38. ABASE
A. aggrandize      B. limit            C. defy       D. purify             E. destabilize

Section 3 填空
1.The scientist found it puzzling that his theory encountered _______ despite widespread
agreement that it was_______
A. respect … crucial
B. dismissal … simplistic
C. skepticism … unfathomable
D. opposition … indisputable
E. acceptance … comprehensive

2. The rate at which soil can absorb water ________ with continuous wetting, so the
longer a _________ lasts, or the greater the rate of precipitation, the higher the
percentage of water that will flow across the ground as runoff and enter stream channels.
A. rises … deluge
B. diminishes … drought
C. increases … shower
D. decreases … rainstorm
E. stabilizes … thaw

3. The ideas expressed in the art historian’s book are more _____ than one would expect
or the basis of her rather_________ treatment of her subject in the opening pages.
A. compelling … intriguing
B. accessible … recondite
C. hidebound … reactionary
D. insightful … innovative
E. dispassionate … evenhanded

4. The meeting on environmental issues produced ________ discussion but no
commitment on a plan of action: the many uncertainties surrounding global climatic
change and the huge cost of efforts to limit it made the policymakers ____
A. little … voluble
B. heated … contentious
C. cordial … quarrelsome
D. frustrating … affable
E. interminable … businesslike
5. Art that endures often makes an initially disturbing impact: the profound experience that
such art seeks to provoke necessarily engenders a certain ___
A. familiarity
B. ennui
C. upheaval
D. intimacy
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E. tranquility
6. The history of film reflects the _____ inherent in the medium itself: film combines still
photographs to represent continuous motion and, while seeming to present life itself, can
also offer impossible and dreamlike unrealities.
A. trivialities
B. biases
C. constraints
D. paradoxes
E. liabilities

7. The ______ with which the politician peppers her speeches are so memorable that many
people think of her as being far more _______ than she in fact is.
A. superlatives … egalitarian
B. pejoratives … optimistic
C. examples … soporific
D. diatribes … censorious
E. malapropisms … straightforward

类比
8. ANTISEPTIC : DISINFECT::
A. solvent : preserve B. emollient : soften C. tonic : inoculate D. antidote: poison
E. palliative: sensitize
9. DOSE : MEDICINE ::
A. beverage : drink B. medal : award           C. tremor : earthquake D. ration : food
E. temp: music
10. DITCH : CANYON ::
A. landslide : erosion B. boulder : granite C. weed : vegetation D. burrow : cavern
E. moon : planet
11. AVERSION : DISINCLINATION ::
A. assurance : doubt B. adulation : admiration C. evaluation : preference
D. denunciation : avowal E. slander : insincerity
12. AIRTIGHT : LEAK ::
A. sporadic : continuity      B. incorporeal : importance          C. ancient : relevance
D. arcane : solution          E. invalid : certainty
13. SPURN : CONTEMPT ::
A. condone : mercy        B. apologize : regret      C. vacillate : impression
D. balk : obstruction     E. endorse : familiarity
14. TEACHER : CLASSROOM ::
A. bather : beach          B. resident : neighborhood          C. traveler : station
D. child : playground E. chef : kitchen
15. RESCISSION : LEGISLATION ::
A. authorization : retrenchment B. recantation : testimony C. attainment : goal
D. cessation : process              E. acquittal : innocence
16.POLULATION : MORTALITY
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A. electorate : abstention  B. workforce : attrition               C. traffic : gridlock
D. membership : absenteeism    E. taxation : expenditure

反义词
28. DISSIPATE
A. pile up          B. sort out         C. illuminate    D. hasten           E. include
29. TRANSIENT
A. distant       B. helpful         C. actual         D. violet          E. everlasting
30. EXTRANEOUS
A. indeterminate B. modified            C. accurate        D. concealed     E. essential
31. SEEMLY
A. banal        B. deceitful       C. indecorous      D. eclectic         E. ineffectual
32. VIRULENT
A. intermittent    B. courteous        C. defeated     D. confident      E. salubrious
33. TORRID
A. gloomy         B. inert           C. icy           D. opaque             E. smooth
34. FORMIDABLE
A. enticing          B. invigorating C. ambivalent     D. affectionate      E. negligent
35. DISCURSIVE
A. polite            B. succinct       C. florid      D. candid         E. impassioned
36. EXECRATION
A. misrepresentation B. engrossment C. requisition     D. approbation    E. allegiance
37. VICISSITUDINOUS
A. charitable        B. immutable       C. imitative    D. extrinsic       E. endearing
38. TENDENTIOUS
A. uncommon         B. uncooperative C. unpretentious   D. unimportant      E. unbiased

短文章
late-eighteenth-century political economists regarded the specialization of labor as a
positive development, resulting in increasingly refined products and services. However, to
their contemporaries in philosophy and the arts, this development suggested society’s
disintegration into conflicting interests. The political economists acknowledged that diverse
occupations represented competing perspectives on society, since what one knew was a
function of what one did, but they viewed specialization as a source of social unity.
Individuals who produced only one product or service must depend on others for most of
the ir needs; this, specialization was the basis of social cohesion. The common good
depended upon everyone’s dependency guaranteed the unity and therefore the health of
society. A fundamental problem with this concept recognized even then, was that
specialization seemed to preclude anyone’s being able to demonstrate that the society was
unified. If everyone’s knowledge of society was tied to specialized occupational interests,
who was in a position to monitor society’s overall functioning?
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                                    2003年3G笔试题目
类比
1. ADVENTURESOME : CAUTION ::
A. tendentious : bias     B. convivial : congeniality             C. timorous : fear
D. magnanimous : generosity                  E. gluttonous : restraint
2. TAIL : APPENDAGE
A. rib : skeleton        B. iris : cornea          C. knuckle: finger          D. molar : tooth
E. lobe : ear
3. HAVEN : DANGER
A nirvana : suffering          B. sinecure: experience               C sanctuary : immunity
D limbo : uncertainty E arcadia : quiet
4. MASONRY: BRICKLAYER
A seminary : theologian B jurisprudence : criminal C pedagogy : student D medicine :
doctor E conservatory : musician
5. NOURISH : FOOD
A. warn : safety         B. dehydrate : water          C. waft : air D. circulate : blood
E. finance : money
6. HASTE : PLODDER
A. deception : dupe     B. courtesy : boor             C. disillusionment : malcontent
D. forbearance : suspect         E. reluctance : skeptic
7. VINDICATE: BLAME
A. disabuse : misapprehension           B. decry: aspersion         C. acquiesce : regret
D. expose : malfeasance                    E. investigate : suspicion
8. OBSTACLE : IMPEDE
A. prediction : convince B. blandishment : cajole C. embellishment : praise
D. deficiency : compensate                    E. compliment : exaggerate
9. MARVEL : QUOTIDIAN
A. deny : malicious B. exploit : utilitarian C. defuse : controversial D. revere :
ancient
E. recoil : delightful

反义
10. INCAPACITY
A. peculiarity      B. ability        C. scarcity    D. distinction        E. quietness
11. FEROCIOUS
A. reliable         B. clear           C. sane         D. wise               E. mild
12. AFFIX
A. select carefully B. make visible     C. detach       D. infect             E. dilute
13. ASYMMETRY
A. equilibrium       B. colorfulness    C. abundance     D. rigorous logic     E. lack of
information
14. DELEGETE
A. pursue assiduously      B. assume responsibility   C. withdraw consent
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D. display partiality        E. ensure compliance
15. EVASIVE
A. downcast            B. inventive         C. foolish         D. frank       E. disciplined
16. SACRILEGE
A. pious action B. resounding defeat C. favorable sign D. sensible choice
E. expected event
17. HIERARCHIC
A. contemporary B. anachronistic              C. subversive        D. nuanced
E. egalitarian
18. FRENETIC
A. unhurried          B. convivial          C. unyielding       D. prolific       E. pristine
19. OBSOLESCENCE
A. maturity           B. pithiness          C. incorruptibility D. currency   E. worldliness
20. UNASSAILABLE
A. doubtful          B. contemptuous          C. swift         D. temporary        E. novel

类比
21. BANANA : PEAL
A. flour : sift       B. potato : mash           C. tomato : slice     D. carrot : dice
E. peanut : shell
22. REFRIGERATOR : PERISHABLES
A. incinerator : debris B. kiln : pottery C. generator : electricity D. fireplace : wood
E. safe : money
23. BAROQUE : SIMPLICITY
A. circuitous : forthrightness B. fundamental : indispensability C. arrochial : focus
D. ignorant : candor              E. feasible : expedience
24. WIRETAP : SURVEILLANCE
A. unmask : distortion             B. browbeat : intimidation      C. embezzle : enticement
D. punish : exculpation             . upbraid : resentment
25. SCRUPULOUS : INTEGRITY
A. affectionate : sentimentality B. adventurous : strength          C. perceptive : insight
D. cautious : timidity                E. creative : genius
26. REVISIONIST : CHALLENGE
A. skeptic : espouse                  B. conservative : uphold      C. obstructionist : renege
D. dissident : corrupt                E. advocate : compromise
27. AFFABLE : EASE
A. diplomatic : tact                  B. intrepid : fear           C. sanctimonious : respect
D. intransigent : resiliency           E. punctilious : anxiety
28. REPROACHFUL : DISAPPROVAL
A. diffident : confidence               B. modest : servility       C. august : vanity
D. solicitous : indifference            E. plaintive : sorrow

反义
29. RIGMAROLE
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A .possibility B. inflation C. devious action D. beautiful music E.. straightforward
talk
30. VERSED
A. unethical      B. untempered C. irregular              D. inexperienced        E. iniquitous
31. INSTINCTIVE
A. narrow           B. exaggerated         C. visible      D. deliberate            E. fierce
32. IMPLICIT
A. unadulterated B. overt             C. abstract          D. unequivocal           E. germane
33. UBIQUITY
A probity          B. propinquity         C. inequity      D. disparity             E. rarity
34. FATHOM
A. conclude       B. irritate       C. focus       D. refuse to pardon     E. find impenetrable
35. MARGINAL
A. problematic B. proximate               C. pivotal         D. complete      E. immutable
36. OBVIATE
A. yield          B. disentangle          C. unite     D. hide from view     E. make necessary
37. UNAVAILING
A. abundant B. significant              C. useful           D. profligate        E. concrete
38. CACHET
A. sigh of consent B. mark of disapprobation C. gesture of deference D. declaration of
loyalty      E. aura of invincibility



                                   2004年10G笔试题目
SECTION 1

ANALOGY:
8.CONSTRICT : DIAMETER
(A) circumvent : space (B) rotate : size (C) plumb : depth (D) elevate : height
(E) truncate : length
9.MAR : FLAWLESS
(A) burnish : dull (B) clean : pristine (C) explain : difficult (D) appraise : valuable
(E) sell : profitable
10. BUCKET : VESSEL
(A) window : glass (B) ladle : tureen (C) car : train            (D) room : house
(E) dagger : weapon
11.THICK-SKINNED : CRITICISM
(A) optimistic : disappointment (B) combative : provocation (C) benevolent : praise
(D) supercilious : disdain (E) timorous : anxiety
12.PLUSH : AUSTERITY
(A) tidy : disarray (B) showy : pageantry (C) tacit : silence (D) meek : restraint
(E) inviolate : sanctuary
13.LAXITY : DRACONIAN
(A) disapprobation : judgment (B) success : amiable (C) ambition : diligent (D) (E)
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14.HOBBLE : HALTING
(A) amble : awkward (B) saunter : hesitant (C) slink : furtive (D) traipse : energetic
(E) trudge : stiff
15.ARTLESS : GUILE
(A) fearless : courage        (B) heartless : animosity      (C) hopeless : gloom
(D) thoughtless : solicitude (E) faultless : perfection
16.OSTENTATION : PRETENTIOUS
(A) indolence : ruminative         (B) mendacity : discreet (C) obduracy : tractable
(D) reprobation : conscientious (E) credulity : gullible

ANTONYM:
28.BACKFIRE
(A) move rapidly      (B) act friendly         (C) occur without warning      (D) produce an
expected result       (E) increase in unlimited fashion
29.DEFIANCE
(A) submission (B) suitability (C) precision (D) lack of continuity            (E) inability to
pay
30.FABULOUS
(A) mundane         (B) ironic          (C) somber           (D) novel         (E) terse
31.UNDERHANDED
(A) popular        (B) spiritual      (C) magnanimous         (D) forthright     (E) sprightly
32.TRIFLE
(A) cooperative effort (B) important matter         (C) unexpected event (D) liability
(E) compliment
33.NOTORIOUS
(A) risky (B) unexceptional        (C) particular       (D) regimented       (E) personable
34.PERNICIOUS
(A) benign (B) glamorous          (C) frivolous       (D) elementary           (E) prominent
35.FICTITIOUS
(A) measurable (B) authentic (C) unwarranted               (D) believable      (E) palpable
36.DENIAL
(A) indictment (B) pronouncement (C) judgment              (D) precept         (E) avowal
37.DEBAUCHERY
(A) asceticism (B) sophistication (C) unctuousness (D) punctilious (E) reclusiveness
38.WINNING
(A) repellent    (B) arcane          (C) fatalistic      (D) labyrinthine      (E) elusive

SECTION 3

ANALOGY:
8.APOTHECARY : MEDICINE
(A) librarian : book (B) farmer : tractor      (C) judge : law     (D) electrician : wire
(E) butcher : meat
9.ALLAY : INTENSITY
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(A) deface : appearance         (B) navigate : distance        (C) integrate : consistency
(D) discredit : believability    (E) insulate : detachment
10.TOWER : EDIFICE
(A) rampart : barrier (B) storage : container (C) home : furniture (D) fabric : clothing
(E) asphalt : highway
11.ACTOR : PLAYBILL
(A) page : novel (B) traveler : guidebook (C) word : sentences (D) ingredient : recipe
(E) photograph : album
12.VITUPERTIVE : REVILE
(A) placative : mollify (B) corrosive : restore (C) elusive : search (D) incisive : sharpen
(E)
13.NUGATORY : SIGNIFICANCE
(A) sublime : worthless       (B) entrenched : precedent (C) quotidian : regularity
(D) deceptive : plausibility (E) ethereal : substance
14. ENERVATE : STRENGTH
(A) aggrandize : importance (B) exalt : admiration (C) blazon : reputation
(D) repeat : redundancy         (E) dispirit : morale
15.SCOLD : DISPLEASURE
(A) instruct : mastery           (B) commiserate : sympathy            (C) agitate : calm
(D) renounce : consternation (E) challenge : parity
16.RELIABILITY : TRUST
(A) mendacity : disbelief       (B) compassion : pity           (C) impartiality : bias
(D) sagacity : wisdom           (E) inquisitiveness : curiosity

ANTONYM:
28.REVIVE
(A) acquire           (B) diminish       (C) hinder        (D) count            ( E) precisely
29.DEBONAIR
(A) charitable       (B) uncouth (C) pragmatic            (D) punctilious        (E) deferential
30.BAFFLE
(A) fail to distinguish (B) betray emotion (C) act decisively (D) agree (E) enlighten
31.WARY
(A) unsuspecting        (B) unpleasant (C) disappointing (D) deceitful (E) engrossing
32.DAMPEN
(A) proceed         (B) reinstate         (C) enliven       (D) unnerve           (E) alleviate
33.WEATHER
(A) deliberately ignore        (B) stealthily approach         (C) attempt to weaken
(D) fail to withstand          (E) strive to understand
34.RHETORIC
(A) grateful acknowledge (B) necessity             (C) assistance     (D) focus     (E) sincere
language
35.CEDE
(A) manage skillfully (B) refuse to yield (C) officiate           (D) agglomerate
(E) neglect
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36.CAREEN
(A) rejoice    (B) initiate (C) remain silent    (D) more steadily (E) treat harshly
37.LAMENT
(A) conundrum (B) paean      (C) prophecy         (D) dialogue       (E) affront
38.WILY
(A) expressive (B) mournful (C) tractable         (D) ingenuous      (E) credible
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                              2005年6月GRE笔试
1.   filthiness: pristine                          C. compromise : negotiate
     A. plenitude : sparse                         D. mistake : rectify
     B. proximity : adjacent                       E. testimony : verify
     C. asymmetry : chaotic
     D. protraction : broad                   8.   novice : experience
     E. celerity : fleet                           A. magnate : prestige
                                                   B. martinet : authority
2.   aggravation : irritate                        C. dilettante : interest
     A. indignation : justify                      D. muse : inspiration
     B. determination : overcome                   E. nonentity : consequence
     C. indiscretion : miscalculate
     D. culpability : reproach                9.   tribute : commend
     E. perplexity : bewilder                      A. joke : deliver
                                                   B. hint : baffle
3.   replenish : dwindling                         C. soliloquy : discuss
     A. repair : broken                            D. donation : indemnify
     B. explain : confused                         E. caveat : warn
     C. prohibit : allowed
     D. repel : unwanted                      10. reciprocate
     E. disarm : aggressive                       A. avoid
                                                  B. resist
4.   null : validity                              C. violate an agreement
     A. vapid : insipidity                        D. fail to repay
     B. transparent : clarity                     E. decrease greatly
     C. rambling : concision
     D. purposeful : intent                   11. marvel
     E. pointed : precision                       A. feel apathetic
                                                  B. lose patience
5.   unscrupulous : integrity                     C. be ungrateful
     A. intractable : motivation                  D. act cowardly
     B. laconic : honesty                         E. show favoritism
     C. inhospitable : gratitude
     D. pretentious : vanity                  12. observant
     E. miserly : largesse                        A. obedient
                                                  B. blatant
6.   applicable : pertinence                      C. oblivious
     A. prosaic : foppery                         D. undemanding
     B. audacious : enmity                        E. uncharitable
     C. tendentious : bias
     D. irresistible : worthiness             13. callousness
     E. transient : permanence                    A. profligacy
                                                  B. adaptability
7.   rabble : control                             C. sensitivity
     A. disease : diagnose                        D. robustness
     B. enigma : explain                          E. blamelessness
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                                               C. naivety
14. employ                                     D. serenity
    A. leave idle                              E. conformity
    B. deny access
    C. gather together                     18. fair-minded
    D. disregard                               A. eccentric
    E. dissolve                                B. hotheaded
                                               C. equivocal
15. inconsiderable                             D. partisan
    A. tough                                   E. authoritative
    B. rigid
    C. rude                                19. heavy-handed
    D. weighty                                 A. lighthearted
    E. solemn                                  B. deft
                                               C. shrewd
16. erode                                      D. unfettered
    A. reorder                                 E. serendipitous
    B. deposit
    C. humidity                            20. decadent
    D. disturb                                 A. solitary
    E. separate                                B. perspicacious
                                               C. wholesome
17. grit                                       D. jejune
    A. spinelessness                           E. prominent
    B. congeniality

                                 SECTION TWO:
21.   instruction : mentor                   B. eminence : scholar
      A. opposition : adversary              C. felicity : hedonist
      B. exculpation : criminal              D. refinement : impresario
      C. heroism : leader                    E. supremacy : potentate
      D. discord : mediator              25. gaffe : proper
      E. liberty : dictator                  A. affectation : artificial
                                             B. triumph : enviable
22.   arable : cultivation                   C. infraction : permissible
      A. intangible : analysis               D. bribe : corrupt
      B. communicable : treatment            E. custom : alterable
      C. edible : consumption
      D. variable : surveillance         26. character : hieroglyph
      E. insuperable : conquest              A. agenda : memorandum
23.   glower : look                          B. definition : glossary
      A. minimize : shorten                  C. letter : signature
      B. snarl : speak                       D. article : newspaper
      C. attend : focus                      E. book : manual
      D. apologize : regret
      E. dominate : control              27. resentful : umbrage
                                             A. obdurate : ambivalence
24.   affluence : tycoon                     B. chagrined : conceit
      A. anonymity : benefactor              C. reluctant : rowdiness
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    D. supercilious : hauteur                 A.   sophisticated
    E. obeisant : disrespect                  B.   unobtrusive
                                              C.   agile
28. balm : soothing                           D.   fearful
    A. antibiotic : viral                     E.   sober
    B. vapor : opaque
    C. nostrum : proven                   35. stasis
    D. anesthetic : astringent                A. anger
    E. placebo : innocuous                    B. fantasy
                                              C. affluence
29. deflate : air                             D. state of imbalance
    A. subjugate : independence               E. absence of readiness
    B. enervate : growth
    C. chastise : misbehavior             36. tortuous
    D. demolish : renovations                 A. inviolate
    E. fill : outlines                        B. immobile
                                              C. uncomplicated
30. wilt                                      D. disengaged
    A. mutate                                 E. unadorned
    B. multiply
    C. flourish                           37. ostracize
    D. entangle                               A. appease
    E. fertilize                              B. flatter
                                              C. give generously
31. demotion                                  D. offer to help
    A. conquest                               E. invite to join
    B. inspiration
    C. pollution                          以下三道题不全,而且准确性不高:
    D. elevation                          38. marbled
    E. succession                             A 没有纹路的
                                              B 单一色彩
32. dismay                                    C 容易破碎
    A. unify
                                               D distorted
    B. encourage
                                          39. obligatory
    C. continue                               gratuitous
    D. contribute                         40. exultation
    E. justify                                state of grief
33. convene
    A. regret
    B. propose
    C. honor
    D. dissolve
    E. delay

34. madcap
                          02-07年gre真题整理


                           05年10月
SECTION ONE

8、REMISSNESS:CAREFUL              14、AGREEABLE:ANTIPATHY
A lethargy:enthusiastic           A palatable:hunger
B obsequiousness:humble           B obscure:perplexity
C avarice:greedy                  C familiar:recognition
D contrition:apologetic           D ostentatious:pride
E largesse:generous               E tedious:engrossment

9、RECONCILIATION:HARMONY          15、DISSECT:SPECIMEN
A reinstatement:dismissal         A anesthetize:patient
B recuperation:health             B lance:skin
C recompense:payment              C parse:sentence
D recurrence:event                D edit:draft
E refinement:cultivation          E interpret:art

10、ADVISOR:COUNSEL                16、INSOUCIANT:WORRY
A adversary:vanquish              A assiduous:equivocate
B steward:squander                B officious:meddle
C chaperone:escort                C quarrelsome:argue
D disciple:lead                   D pertinacious:yield
E mediator:dispute                E astute:study

11、SPURIOUS:AUTHENTICITY          28、LAG
A acquitted:innocence             A flatter
B protean:usefulness              B return
C germane:pertinence              C brighten
                                  D inflate
D rampant:restraint
                                  E accelerate
E acclaimed:imperfection
                                  29、AGAPE
12、BEWITCHING:CAPTIVATION         A closed
A hazardous:suspense              B gentle
B inveterate:skepticism           C intent
C nonpartisan:bias                D vital
D incendiary:vigilance            E plain
E baffling:confusion
                                  30、HECKLE
13、HUT:DWELLING                   A whitewash
A raft:watercraft                 B nominate
                                  C support verbally
B skyscraper:building
                                  D blend seamlessly
C volcano:mountain                E incite rashly
D auditorium:theater
E peninsula:island                31、DATED
                            02-07年gre真题整理


A precise                           A superficiality
B current                           B generosity
C discrete                          C extensiveness
D lively                            D impassiveness
E inchoate                          E disinterestedness

32、SCRIMP                           36、BENEFICENCE
A decipher                          A cowardice
B lavish                            B meanness
C gather                            C poverty
D manifest                          D reclusiveness
E jettison                          E anguish

33、SCREEN                           37、REACTIONARY
A view subjectively                 A intellectually idiosyncratic
B criticize unfairly                B economically deprived
C accept indiscriminately           C socially desirable
D conspire                          D culturally knowledgeable
E convey                            E politically progressive

34、DASHING                          38、TENDENTIOUS
A punctilious                       A straightforward
B unsympathetic                     B naive
C caustic                           C effusive
D bumpkinly                         D whimsical
E intractable                       E neutral
                                    SECTION TWO
35、PARTIALITY

SECTION 2
8、RELIABLE:FAIL                     C degression:lengthy
A periodic:recur                    D surface:smooth
B buoyant:sink                      E gift:welcome
C malleable:bend
D transitory:disappear              11、CHARISMA:BORE
E combustible:ignite                A generosity:miser
                                    B deviousness:sneak
9、FENCE:LIVESTOCK                   C compassion:victim
A dike:water                        D recalcitrance:stalwart
B ridge:canyon                      E skepticism:pedagogue
C sidewalk:street
D shore:ocean                       12、WILDNESS:FERAL
E wall:house                        A transiency:stable
                                    B gregariousness:territorial
10、REMNANT:RESIDUAL                 C copiousness:abundant
A annex:supplementary               D agitation:docile
B conveyance:swift                  E terror:timid
                           02-07年gre真题整理


                                   C dismal
13、GRUMBLE:DISCONTENT              D awkward
A warn:danger                      E fluent
B correct:erroneousness
C snub:envy                        31、MAVERICK
                                   A evildoer
D crow:exultation
                                   B conformist
E decry:approbation                C aristocrat
                                   D purist
14、DEPLORABLE:REPROACH             E listener
A venerable:denigration
B redoubtable:respect              32、BARB
C novel:duplication                A humble request
D ambiguous:obfuscation            B complimentary remark
E creditable:verification          C sly maneuver
                                   D direct quote
                                   E formal promise
15、BUMBLE:GRACE
A waver:certainty
                                   33、DEPENDABLE
B fidget:motion
                                   A fickle
C urge:willingness                 B feeble
D pester:annoyance                 C carefree
E prevaricate:dishonesty           D vulnerable
                                   E disreputable
16、PANDEMIC:DISEASE
A felony:crime                     34、SCURRILITY
B starvation:hunger                A indolence
C earthquake:tremor                B clarify
D conflagration:fire               C symmetry
                                   D negligence
E rebellion:repression
                                   E decency

28、MAGNITUDE:
                                   35、INCONTESTABLE
A flexibility
                                   A forthright
B relevancy
                                   B inviting
C necessity
                                   C arbitrary
D imperfection
                                   D dubious
E insignificance
                                   E unfair

29、DAB
                                   36、PAT
A coat thoroughly
                                   A strong
B proceed rashly
                                   B welcome
C comprehend fully
                                   C unrehearsed
D mix vigorously
                                   D broad
E dry slowly
                                   E contradictory

30、WILLY-NILLY
                                   37、HULL
A weighty
                                   A branch
B orderly
                  02-07年gre真题整理


B plateau
C current
D kernel
E partition

38、CONTUMACIOUS
A salubrious
B graceful
C unnatural
D frivolous
E tractable
                                  02-07年gre真题整理




                                  06年6月题目
0606填空

SECTION 1

1. Although Heron is well known for the broad comedy in the movies she has directed
    previously, her new film is less inclined to__________: the gags are fewer and
    subtler.
(A) understatement
(B) preciosity
(C) symbolism
(D) buffoonery
(E) melodrama

2.Bebop’s legacy is______ one: bebop may have won jazz the right to be taken
   seriously as an art form, but it _______ jazz’s mass audience, which turned to
   other forms of music such as rock and pop.
(A) a mixed……..alienated
(B) a troubled……..seduced
(C) an ambiguous……….aggrandized
(D) a valuable…….refined
(E) a noble………pleased

3. The exhibition’s importance lies in its___________: curators have gathered a
    diverse array of significant works from many different museums.
(A) homogeneity
(B) sophistry
(C) scope
(D) farsightedness
(E) insularity

4.Despite the fact that the commission’s report treats a vitally important topic, the
   report will be ______ read because its prose is so _________ that understanding it
   require an enormous effort.
(A) seldom…….transparent
(B) carefully……..pellucid
(C) little……….turgid
(D) eagerly……..digressive
(E) widely…….prolix

5.   Carleton would still rank among the great________________of
   nineteenth_century American art event if the circumstance of her life and career
   were less_______than they are.
(A) celebrities……….obscure
(B) failures……..illustrious
(C) charlatans……impeccable
(D) enigmas……mysterious
                                02-07年gre真题整理


(E)   success……….ignominious

6. Although based on an actual event, the film lacks______________: the director
   shuffles   events,  simplifies    the     tangle    of   relationships,  and
   _____________documentary truth for dramatic power.
(A) conviction……..embraces
(B) expressiveness…..exaggerates
(C) verisimilitude…….sacrifices
(D) realism……….substitutes
(E) coherence……..utilizes

7.When Adolph Ochs became the publisher of The New York Times, he endowed the
   paper with a uniquely______________tone, avoiding the ____________editorials
   that characterized other major papers of the time.
(A) abstruse….scholarly
(B) dispassionate……..shrill
(C) argumentative…….tendentious
(D) whimsical…..capricious
(E) cosmopolitan…….timely

8. QUEEN : MONARCH::
    (A) composer : performer
    (B) pupil : teacher
    (C) judge : defendant
    (D) principal : administrator
    (E) citizen : representative
9. SCHOOL : EDUCATE::
    (A) bank : audit
    (B) library : read
    (C) court : adjudicate
    (D) legislature : convene
    (E) museum : adorn
10. IMITABLE : EMULATION::
    (A) venerable : evaluation
    (B) novel : duplication
    (C) opportunistic : challenge
    (D) flexible : fortification
    (E) creditable : belief
11. DISCOURTEOUS : OFFEND::
    (A) imposing : daunt
    (B) inculpable : blame
    (C) disreputable : admire
    (D) illustrious : laud
    (E) decorous : insult
12. SQUEAMISH : DISGUST::
    (A) tractable : manage
    (B) plain : question
    (C) irascible : defuse
                                   02-07年gre真题整理


    (D) choleric : soothe
    (E) dictatorial : imposing
13. DISENCHANT : ILLUSION::
    (A) baffle : doubt
    (B) mollify : alienation
    (C) suppress : confinement
    (D) counteract : trend
    (E) exempt : requirement
14. ACCESSIBLE : APPROACH::
    (A) contrite : apologize
    (B) venerable : imitate
    (C) irascible : enrage
    (D) conformist : mislead
    (E) prolific : produce
15. STIGMATIZE : CONTEMPT::
    (A) misrepresent : disbelief
    (B) distinguish : individuality
    (C) pursue : mutuality
    (D) reiterate : redundancy
    (E) bemoan : regret
16. TRENCHANCY : INSIPID::
(A) forgetfulness : concerned
(B) iniquity : vicious
(C) tranquility : forbearing
(D) arrogance : brazen
(E) artlessness : canny



SECTION 2

1. Despite the fact that the amateur runner trained rigorously for six months before the
    race, he failed to ______ it: the course was so ________ that even professional
    runners struggled to finish.
(A) complete……..demanding
(B) win………manageable
(C) master…….short
(D) concede…….formidable
(E) underestimate…..unusual

2. In linking geographically disparate people, the Internet is arguably helping millions
    of spontaneous communities to bloom: communities defined by common interests
    rather than by the accident of ________.
(A) compatibility
(B) affluence
(C) reciprocity
(D) contemporaneousness
(E) proximity
                                  02-07年gre真题整理


3. It is as if Woodward could not bear to leave anything out; if he had _______ some
     of his material, the resulting increase in focus would have more than ________
     any loss in comprehensiveness.
(A) elaborated…….justified
(B) condensed………exaggerated
(C) expanded………offset
(D) edited……..pointed up
(E) pruned……..compensated for

4. The hesitancy of many countries to embrace market reform is unfortunate,
   because many national success stories suggest that far from ___________ such
   reform, countries should be eager to ___________its benefits.
(A) implementing…….document
(B) pursuing…………seek
(C) eschewing……..reap
(D) needing……..realize
(E) understanding…….question

5.   Contemporary lawmakers’ preoccupation with regulating the Internet is
   ___________ the way lawmakers treated many young industries in the past;
   United States railroads, for instance, were in business for 60 years before the
   federal government ______ regulations.
(A) antithetical to……….eased
(B) faithful to……..levied
(C) reminiscent of……..enforced
(D) in conflict with ….lifted
(E) at odds with…….introduced

6. Despite the fact that the book’s title suggests_________, the author is not a
   charlatan claiming to offer a __________; rather, her book assessed all possible
   treatments of certain diseases without identifying any cures.
(A) fraud……critique
(B) sincerity…….nostrum
(C) hyperbole…..warning
(D) expertise…….prescription
(E) quackery……panacea

7. The profits that the corporation earns from the exclusive-supplier agreements with
   the universities are_________, because the terms of agreements that they are
   inclined to protect the universities’ interests are generally__________.
(A) inexplicable……..flouted
(B) unclear……….publicized
(C) predictable……….scrutinized
(D) declining…….ignored
(E) surprising…..enforced

8. FORAGE : SUSTENANCE::
    (A) foretell : omen
    (B) salvage : wreck
                         02-07年gre真题整理


    (C) reconnoiter : plan
    (D) canvass : support
    (E) question : poll
9. WREST : TAKE::
    (A) appoint : designate
    (B) plummet : drop
    (C) charter: establish
    (D) cite : quote
    (E) tear : separate
10. FRUGAL : STINGY::
    (A) combative : aggressive
    (B) attentive : oblivious
    (C) lenient : lax
    (D) informed : astute
    (E) dubious : unsure
11. TRADEMARK : MANUFACTURER::
    (A) scepter : monarch
    (B) badge : sheriff
    (C) licence : driver
    (D) barcode : cashier
    (E) seal : signatory
12. ECLIPSE : PROMINENCE
    (A) bankruptcy : solvency
    (B) anticipation : foresight
    (C) dissipation : extravagance
    (D) investment : accumulation
    (E) corruption : bribery
13. FUSTY : FRESH::
    (A) favorable : expedience
    (B) prolific : abundance
    (C) superficial : vacuity
    (D) biased : partiality
    (E) plebeian : prestige
14. SHIFTY : STRAIGHTFORWARDNESS::
    (A) imperious : confidence
    (B) belligerent : rancor
    (C) gregarious : graciousness
    (D) exacting : ambition
    (E) inept : competence
15. OBSTREPEROUS : RESTRAINT::
    (A) penurious : influence
    (B) ambitious : achievement
    (C) guileless : cunning
    (D) authoritative : competence
    (E) enigmatic : coherency
16. SOLICITOUS : CONCERN::
    (A) adversarial : penvy / envy
    (B) derisive : pride
    (C) truculent : belligerence
                         02-07年gre真题整理


(D) penitent : pity
(E) amorous : pleasure
                             02-07年gre真题整理




                                 2006年10月题目
类比                                      10. TOURNIQUET: BLEEDING::
Section 2                                   (A) brake: motion
8. EXPERIMENT: LABORATORY::             11. NOMADIC: ABODE::
    (A) administration: school              (A) impassioned: emotion
    (B) storage: factory                    (E) irresolute: opinion
    (C) illness: hospital               12. PERJURY: TESTIMONY::
    (D) trial: courthouse                   (A) pseudonym: name
    (E) restoration: museum             13. AIRTIGHT: FLAW::
9. DIAGNOSE: TREAT::                        (A) baseless: foundation
    (A) hypothesis: reiterate           14. ASCETIC: SELF-DENIAL::
    (B) campaign: manage                    (A) egoist: self-interest
    (C) preach: believe                 15. FAIL-SAFE: MALFUNCTION::
    (D) testify: witness                    (D) precarious: stability
    (E) proofread: correct                  (E) immutable: evolve
10. ANTIDOTE: POISON::                  16. ODE: POEM::
    (A) balm: irritate                      (A) eulogy: speech
11. MALINGER: WORK::
    (A) penalize: incentive             反义
    (B) negotiate: conflict             Section 2
    (C) distort: meaning                28. PANORAMIC::
    (D) criticize: confidence               (A) unjust
    (E) shirk: obligation                   (B) unattractive
12. OUST: INCUMBENT::                       (C) unintelligible
    (A) evict: tenant                       (D) narrow
    (B) eject: meeting                      (E) parallel
    (C) canvass: pollster               29. LIKEN::
    (D) stall: proceedings                  (A) disguise
    (E) impeach: electorate                 (B) contrast
13. ABRIDGEMENT: LENGTH::               30. CAUSTIC::
    (A) discount: price                     (A) mild
14. COMPLACENT: ANXIETY::               31. STASIS::
    (A) truculent: gentleness               (A) period of change
15. USURPER: AUTHORITY::                32. WINDFALL::
    (A) impostor: identity                  (A) formal requirement
    (B) barbarian: property                 (B) legal acquisition
16. NICETY: DISTINCTION::                   (C) unrealized prophecy
    (A) intimation: communication           (D) unexpected backset
    (B) spoof: parody                   33. HARDIHOOD::
                                            (A) simplicity
Section 4                                   (B) timorous
8. CRUMB: BREAD::                           (C) discretion
    (A) tile: floor                     34. DISSONANCE::
    (B) splinter: wood / medal              (A) euphony
    (C) brick: wall                     35. DISSIPATE::
9. PRAIRIE: TREES::                         (A) arrange
    (A) meadow: flowers                     (B) conserve
    (B) albino: pigment                 36. RETIRING::
    (C) island: water                       (A) indulge
                         02-07年gre真题整理


    (B) assertive
    (C) professional
    (D) insensitive
    (E) virulent
37. GAINFUL::
    (A) unoccupied
    (B) unremunerative
38. DISAFFECTED::
    (A) content
    (B) beloved
Section 4

28. TARRY::
    (A) take action
29. DESPAIR::
    (A) optimize
    (B) exult
30. AGGRANDIZE::
    (A) denigrate
31. VEXATIOUS::
    (A) soothing
32. RUMINATE::
    (A) think briefly
33. BELLICOSE::
    (A) appease
34. GOAD::
    (A) entice
    (B) predisposed
35. CALUMNY::
    (A) approbation
36. CHICANERY::
    (A) ingenuous
    (B) genuine
37. ALIGNED::
    (A) awry
    (B) curved
    (C) patchy
38. SARDONIC::
    (A) respectful
                                02-07年gre真题整理




                                  07年6月
类比
8.TONGS::GRASPING                          (A)citizen:govern
   (A)scissors:sharpening                  (B)leader:respect
   (B)telephone:wiring                     (C)patron:support
   (C)reel:winding                         (D)reader: publish
   (D)knot:snarling                        (E)sleeper:snore
   (E)cup:stirring
                                           15.CELL::CONFINEMENT
   9.KILOMETER:: DISTANCE                  (A)forum:conciliation
   (A)hue:color                            (B)library:classification
   (B)compass:direction                    (C)proscenium:improvisation
   (C)watt:unit                            (D)intersection:transport
   (D)pitch:volume                         (E)rostrum: oration
   (E)pound:weight
                                           16.EXEMPLAR::EMULATE
   10.PLUMMET::FALL                        (A)archetype:represent
   (A)push:slide                           (B)artifact:conceal
   (B)force;coax                           (C)facade:reveal
   (C)repel:resist                         (D)policy:review
   (D)descend:land                         (E)goal:attain
   (E)swerve:turn
                                           --------------------------------------------------
   11.ITINERARY::JOURNEY                   -------
   (A)template:approximation
   (B)decision:recommendation              8.REPORTER::JOURNALISM
   (C)outline: plot                        (A)broker: commercialism
   (D)blueprint:drawing                    (B)actor: imagination
   (E)weight:balance                       (C)mathematician: ingenuity
                                           (D)commentator: interpretation
   12.DISCORDANT::SOUND                    (E)doctor: medicine
   (A)antagonistic: position
   (B)disrespectful:authority              9.MILL::GRINDING
   (C)constricted:view                     (A)mirror: magnifying
   (D)abrupt:movement                      (B)piano: tuning
   (E)malodorous:scent                     (C)camera: lighting
                                           (D)scissors: cutting
   13.LAUD::APPROBATION                    (E)pencil: copying
   (A)congratulate:triumph
   (B)petition: permissim                  10.PANTRY::COMESTIBLES
   (C)deny:austerity                       (A)closet: shelves
   (D)protect:solicitude                   (B)vault: valuables
   (E)commiserate:sympathy                 (C)laboratory: experiments
                                           (D)office: files
   14.APOLOGIST:: DEFEND                   (E)museum: patrons
                              02-07年gre真题整理
                                         14.HAUGHTY::SUPERCILIOUSNESS
   11.EDIBLE::EAT                        (A)punctilious: timidity
   (A)melodious: hear                    (B)indecisive: obscurity
   (B)tangible: shape                    (C)forthright: unctuousness
   (C)potable: drink                     (D)callous: fractiousness
   (D)insipid: taste                     (E)conciliatory: amenability
   (E)toxic: breathe
                                         15.PEDANT:: LEARNING
   12.CHORD::NOTE                        (A)illusionist: misdirection
   (A)ode: poem                          (B)dilettante: commitment
   (B)flower: stem                       (C)renegade: allegiance
   (C)river; stream                      (D)martinet: discipline
   (D)index: table                       (E)hack: writing
   (E)grove: tree
                                         16.DIATRIBE::ABUSE
   13.SUBMERGE::BUOYANT                  (A)encomium: imitation
   (A)thaw: thermal                      (B)satire: cruelty
   (B)repel: magnetic                    (C)prologue: explanation
   (C)sensitize: delicate                (D)citation: reference
   (D)agitate: effervescent              (E)burlesque: mockery
   (E)bend: rigid


反义
1)          NULLIFICATION             C muffled
A validation                          D outdated
B compensation                        E lurid
C intercession
D quantification                      5)           THWART
E illumination                        A collude
                                      B straighten
2)         INSTILL                    C centralize
A come close                          D assuage
B press down                          E enable
C remove
D encroach                            6)           ADULATION
E truncate                            A ridicule
                                      B cowardice
3)          INEPT                     C somber affect
A proficient                          D lack of ambition
B thoroughly                          E state of denial
C inordinately
D pensive                             7)          TEDIOUS
E stable                              A straightforward
                                      B interesting
4)          RESONANT                  C conspicuous
A commonplace                         D intricate
B peripheral                          E highly prominent
                             02-07年gre真题整理
                                     B concentrate
8)          ACCOLADE                 C make unacceptable
A blunder                            D become malleable
B denunciation                       E decrease in size
C incisive comment
D rule violation                     4)           HARBOR
E deliberate act                     A excoriate
                                     B infringe
9)         INERT                     C restrict
A balanced                           D refuse to leave
B weighty                            E fail to shelter
C extraneous
D fast moving                        5)          EFFERVESCE
E observable                         A grow old
                                     B appear close
10)           COLLUDE                C function upredictably
A structure tightly                  D be flat
B contribute freely                  E be diluted
C present clearly
D act independently                  6)           CONDENSED
E assess objectively                 A discontinuous
                                     B inexplicit
11) FRIABLE                          C unabridged
A difficult to contain               D ponderous
B resistant to pulverizing           E excessive
C hard to persuade
D tangible                           7)          IRIDESCENT
E intractable                        A inflammable
                                     B convoluted
                                     C reflexive
反                                    D ornate
1)           FREQUENT                E monochromatic
A stay away from
B find falt with                     8)          PROFUSE
C make amends for                    A oppoing
D take offense at                    B critical
E be disappointed in                 C insistent
                                     D stinting
2)          CALIBERATED              E ambiguous
A demagnetized
B bifurcated                         9)          TEMPER
C reduplicated                       A erode
D unverified                         B induce
E unstandardized                     C disperse
                                     D aggravate
3)          CALCIFY                  E alternate
A sever
                      02-07年gre真题整理
10)            GALL           11)        HUSBAND
A condone                     A devalue
B inform                      B receive
C revere                      C squander
D appease                     D deny
E capitulate                  E overtake
                                            02-07年gre真题整理

                                             答案及解析
2002年答案

2002年11月GRE笔考题|留学
填空:EAAE CCC
类比:EBCC CEBAE 反义:BDBC ECBD CDA
填空:DDBE CDD 类比:BDDB ABEBD
反义:AEDC ECAB DBE
解析

Section1 填空


1、根据主干大法,本题的线索主词是she、titles和they、combinations,显然这里they只能是指代her musical compositions (看
作titles的同义重复),也就是说句子的转折围绕titles展开。转折前对于titles的评价由第一空决定,转折后titles(they)的评价由
unusual combinations决定(这取决于第二空的动词是正评价还是负评价),如果第二空是正评价词,表明titles与unusual
combinations一致,那么转折前就应该相反,所以第一空填unusual combinations的反义表达;如果第二空是负评价词,表明titles
与unusual combinations相反,所以第一空填unusual combinations的同义表达。第一空只有CE是清楚的unusual combinations的反
义表达,候选。第二空选项单词正负评价正好相反(这是ETS惯用思路,2空题先变成2选1,再取舍就容易多了),根据前面逻辑
分析只能选正评价的词汇,所以答案是E。
参考译文:尽管她糟糕地给她的音乐作品赋以寻常的(传统的)题目,但是这些作品却体现出对一些材料的不寻常的整合,比如罗
马教的圣歌、亚洲的音阶风格节奏、古怪的声响和鸟鸣。


2、太简单了!显然空格后面的them指代前面的his versions,由so 。。。 that结构知道是同义重复,所以that前是his versions与
French一致,那么后面也必然是这样,空格前出现负评价词never,所以空格处必须填负评价词。只有唯一的A是负评价词。
参考译文:尽管Partout搜集的民间故事并不仅仅来源于法国,但是那时他的描述却是法国风格以至于后来的法国民间故事集从来
都不排除收录它们。


3、主干是清晰的not。。。but结构,但是我们不能确定all predictions of doom与the risks of harm是否同义重复,所以需要参考伴
随状态的In arguing against assertions that environmental catastrophe is imminent,而在这里我们清晰地发现了the risks of harm
的同义重复environmental catastrophe。伴随状态一定与主句一致,意思是对environmental catastrophe is imminent进行arguing
against驳斥,所以空格中的词汇既然是claims指出的就应该与驳斥的相反,所以应该体现出not imminent。只有A。
参考译文:在对―环境灾难临近‖的观点进行驳斥的过程中,她的书并没有嘲笑所有的命运预测,而是指出灾害的风险在许多情况中
被夸大了。


4、第一空无法轻松判断,第二空是现在完成时并且出现了recently(重要的时间对比特征词,最近发生的动作一定是与以前相反),
前面无论是否出现about the 1960’s也应该知道一般现在时There seems to be表示一般惯常状态,现在完成时+ recently表示最近发
生的动作,是对过去或者一般状态的改变,所以―no+第一空‖应该与第二空相反(题感好的同学应该能够马上觉察到the reading
public’s thirst与the normal level of interest是同义重复,尤其是thirst 与interest很明显),以前thirst没有什么和现在interest有什
么,正好与时间相反一致,两空填同义词即可,只有C。注意moderate不表示quenching熄灭。
注意时间相反题型的特点:1、时间相反一切相反。2、总是后者否定前者。3、现在否定过去,将来否定现在,更远的将来否定较
近的将来。参考译文:看起来20世纪60年代阅读人群对书籍的渴望并没有减少;事实上,兴趣的正常标准只是最近下降了,因为人
们渴望通俗的电视文献片。


5、简单的转折题。空格由sparks the imagination and provides lively entertainment取反决定,要想不幻想不生动不娱乐,只有C
(didactic说教的)啦。
参考译文:尽管趋势是明显地说教,但是中世纪的诗歌经常激发(人们)想象力和提供以生动的乐趣以及虔诚的感情。


6、冒号表示同义重复,后面显然对烟是负评价,所以前面说减少燃烧也就是减少烟显然是好的情况,所以空格填正评价词,一眼
                                                  02-07年gre真题整理
看出E最合适。阅读中注意一般不去看in后面的东西,否则你很可能会粗略读后把―在亚马逊雨林中减少焚烧‖理解成―减少燃烧亚马
逊雨林‖。
参考译文:在亚马逊雨林中减少焚烧的直接受益者之一是栗子工业:烟会驱除昆虫,而昆虫却通过给栗子树授粉而使栗子得以生长
发育。


7、第一空填正还是负评价的动词要依据since后面的内容。that the tomb she has discovered was that of Alexander the Great是声
明的具体内容,不需要读。initial report决定了最初的东西肯定是不完善的有问题的(这在学术英语中几乎是必然),而且有only
帮助推断,所以第二空一定是负评价词ACE。最初的是不好的,后来的就应该是好的啦,不过这里没有时间对比因素,因为主句是
过去时(urged)。所以这里her claim一定是her initial report的同义重复,所以要对它进行负评价,只有C啦。
参考译文:因为原始报告仅仅依据异想天开,研究委员会敦促这个考古学家砍掉她的声明,声明说她发现的这个坟墓是亚历山大的。
----------------------------
Section3 填空


1、简单的转折,第一空填agreement的反义词,直接一点D最好啦,范围大一些就候选BCD,第二空显然是由agreement决定填正
评价词,只有D了。
参考译文:尽管普遍认为这是不需要争议的,但是他的这个理论还是遭到了反对意见,该科学工作者觉得有些莫名其妙。


2、无论是基本阅读还是技巧都能轻松做对。按阅读解:伴随持续潮湿的状态,土壤吸水的比率当然下降,第一空BD,so表示因果
同义重复,什么越持续,水分越高,BD正好相反,当然是D啦。按技巧解:单独的or表示并列同义重复,所以第二空等于precipitation,
只有ACE,再看第一空, AC与D正好相反,看不看懂都马上选出D。
参考译文:伴随持续潮湿的状态,土壤吸水的比率下降,因此暴雨持续越长或者下雨量越大,经地表汇入河流的水就越多。


3、句子主干是简单的AB两者比较,A比B更如何?AB相反,所以第一空由A决定,第二空是B的特征,所以两空相反,只有B。注意
这里rather是副词。
参考译文:这个史学家的书中观点比(读者依据)书中开篇她对于主题的相当深奥的表述(所预期的)要容易理解得多。


4、单词比较难!but后面是no commitment,―没有约定‖是负评价,前面就应该是正评价,第一空填正评价词BCD,冒号后面是解
释。根据主干大法简化为uncertainties made the policymakers空格。不确定性使得决策者怎么样?当然是不确定啦BC。在许多字
典上contentious与quarrelsome是同义词。注意:Contentious强调的是有不同意见,重点是―争‖,而quarrelsome强调的是不同意见
导致的争吵,重点是―吵‖。此题没说到吵,所以答案是B。
参考ETS对本题的解释:The word ―quarrelsome‖ is improper here for describing the controversial views harbored by different
persons but emphasizes the shadow of anger and aggression gratuitous in this sentence. 参考译文:环境问题会议产生了激烈的
争论但是没有行动决议:围绕着全球气候改变和防止它改变需要的巨大花费等问题上的不确定性使得政策决定者们争议不休。


5、此题还是单词太难。根据技巧主干简化为:Art 产生disturbing impact,后面experience产生空格,而experience由艺术引起,
可以视为art的同义重复,所以冒号前后完全一致,空格中选出disturbing impact 的同义词BC。注意:disturbing让人烦恼,而ennui
指的是无聊,不让人开心但是也不让人烦恼,而重点显然是impact,能够表示一种负评价的行为结果的只有C。
参考译文:忍耐的艺术常常产生原发性地让人烦恼的冲击效果:这种艺术试图引起的深刻经验必然产生一种错乱。


6、冒号是解释重复,后面整句话解释空格。单独的and表明空格要么满足2者之一即可,但是没有单词能表现出combines,但是D
却很好地表现了while seeming to present life itself, can also offer impossible and dreamlike unrealities。
参考译文:电影的历史反映了这种媒体本身固有的矛盾:电影将静止的照片们结合在一起去表现连续的动作,并且当表现生活本身
时,也常常提供一些不可能的虚幻的不真实东西。


7、so。。。that同义重复。什么让人印象深刻以至于人们认为她比实际更什么?显然两空一定同义。只有D。注意A more ____ than
B表示AB相反,空格由A决定,也可以由B取非决定。本题中B是she in fact is,信息不够,所以只好由so memorable that结构从前
面找,从而快速判断出答案。
参考译文:这个政客用漫骂使得她的演说生动,这是如此的让人印象深刻以至于许多人认为她的吹毛求疵(批判的)特点远胜实际。
                       02-07年gre真题整理


2003年3月GRE笔考题答案
类比:EDAD EBAB C
反义:BECA BDAE ADA
类比:EEAB CCAE E
反义:EDDD EECE CB


2004年10g
ANSWER:
EAEA AACD E
DAAD BEAB EAA


解析
                       SECTION 1解析
1. 压缩:直径         (动宾关系)           直接选 E
   A. 围绕:空间                    4. 厚颜无耻的:批评(反面特征)
   B. 旋转:大小                       A. 乐观的:失望、挫折
   C. 测量:深度                       B. 好斗的:激怒、挑衅
   D. 提升:高度                       C. 慈善的:赞扬
   E. 截短:长度                       D. 傲慢的:蔑视
动宾关系,考虑‘方式’    ‘结果’‘感情色彩’,        E. 胆小的:焦虑
题干无特殊‘方式’‘感情色彩’,但结果使           此题较难!因为看题干后第一感觉应该是:厚
变小。看左边单词找一个个性特征接近‘使变           颜无耻的人不接受批评。而选项中无法马上找
小’的选项。                         到这样的逻辑关系。所以这个时候要用到“大
此题不难,单词常见,而且C选项是以前曾考过          正大反”技巧!显然题干属于“大反”,故而
的,见黄皮教程P81-9。我们讲过优先选择过去        优先在选项中找最确定的反义词,从而将A挑
出现过的正确选项,但不是看见过去的题就选, 出。关系解释为:厚颜无耻的人不受“批评”
也要判断是否逻辑关系一致。                  影响=乐观的人不受“挫折”影响。
2. 损害,使有缺陷:无瑕的     (反面特征)      5. 豪华的、 长毛绒的:节俭、朴素(反面特征)
   A. 抛光:迟钝的,阴暗的,没有光泽的            A. 整洁的、整齐的:混乱
   B. 使干净、清扫:干净的、质朴的              B. 浮华的、炫耀的:壮观、华丽(大正)
   C. 解释:困难                       C. 沉默寡言的:沉默(大正)
   D. 评价:有价值的                     D. 温顺的:抑制
   E. 卖:有利可图的                     E. 未受侵犯的、无污点的:圣洁(大正)
   dull即可以指意识层面即头脑迟钝不灵光,       三正考反,确定题干为大反,而A选项的两个单
也可以指物质层面即东西暗淡无光泽               词 (常见单词) 就是非常确定的反面特征。Plush
3. 桶:容器     (种属关系)             这个单词已经考过,见黄皮教程P35-4,所以熟
   此题用猜题法也能猜到是种属关系             做真题。
   A. 窗户:玻璃                    6. 松弛:严峻的(反面特征)
   B. 长柄勺:有盖的汤碗                   A. 不赞成:审判的
   C. 汽车:火车                       B. 成功:和蔼可亲的
   D. 房间:房子                       C. 野心:勤勉的
   E. 匕首、短剑:武器                    D. 懒散、不修边幅:过分讲究、过分注意
   ACD选项容易排除,  单词也常见。答案集中         E.
   在BE之间,部分同学不认识B选项单词,但        此题在题干有点晕的时候扫描选项。可以清晰
   E选项单词却是大家都能确定的‘匕首是武         地发现A、B、C都是无关选项,在E不清楚地情
          ,
   器的一种’ 所以优先选择最能确定的选项, 况下只好选择D(大反)。
                                             02-07年gre真题整理
7.  蹒跚:蹒跚的(正面特征)                                     sneaking, sneaky。
    A. 散步:笨拙的                                        14. 琐事
    B. 闲逛:犹豫的                                            A. 合作的结果
    C. 潜逃:偷偷摸摸的                                          B. 重要的事件
    D. 游荡:精力充沛的                                          C. 意外的事件
    E. 跋涉:硬的                                             D. 责任、义务、债务
    行走层面对应                                               E. 恭维
8. 朴实的:狡诈(反面特征)                                      15. 声名狼藉的
    A. 勇敢的:勇气                                            A. 危险的
    B. 残忍的、无勇气的:仇恨                                       B. 普通的
    C. 绝望的:忧郁                                            C. 特殊的
    D. 粗心的、不考虑他人的:关怀、热心                                  D. 成群的
    E. 无瑕疵的:完美                                           E. 个性或外表宜人的
A、C、E都是正面特征,“三正考反”                                   褒贬反义。E是直接褒贬反义,B可以理解成间
9. 夸耀:自命不凡的(正面特征)                                    接反义。
    A. 懒惰:沉思的                                        16. 有害的
    B. 撒谎:小心谨慎的                                          A. 仁慈的、有益健康的
    C. 顽固:易驾驭的                                           B. 迷人的
    D. 斥责:尽责的                                            C. 轻佻的
    E. 轻信:易受骗的                                           D. 基本的
此题完全是考词汇功底。都是老词,不难。                                      E. 卓越的
10. 产生意外的结果                                          17. 编造的、小说中的
    A. 迅速地移动                                             A. 可测量的
    B. 友好地表现                                             B. 真实的
    C. 没有警告地发生                                           C. 无根据的
    D. 产生预期的结果                                           D. 可信的
    E. 无限制地增长                                            E. 可触知的、明显的
11. 反抗、蔑视                                            18. 否认
    A. 顺从                                                A. 控告
    B. 合适                                                B. 声明
    C. 精确                                                C. 判断
    D. 缺乏连续性                                             D. 规则
    E. 无力支付                                              E. 承认、宣称
12. 寓言般的、神话的、难以置信的                                   19. 放荡
    A. 平凡的、世俗的                                           A. 禁欲、苦行
    B. 讽刺的                                               B. 诡辩
    C. 昏暗的、忧郁的                                           C. 油滑
    D. 新的、异常的                                            D. 一丝不苟
    E. 简洁的                                               E. 隐居
13. 秘密的、暗中的                                          20. 胜利的、动人的
    A. 流行的                                               A. 令人厌恶的、排斥的
    B. 精神上的                                              B. 神秘的
    C. 宽宏大量的                                             C. 宿命论的
    D. 直接的                                               D. 迷宫似的、曲折的
    E. 轻快的                                               E. 难以懂得的
参考M-W同义词反义词字典:underhanded:                           参考:winning: tending to please or delight,
devious, duplicitous, guileful, indirect, shifty,    repellent:arousing aversion or disgust
                    02-07年gre真题整理




                   SECTION 3解析
1. 药剂师:药(人及加工出售产品)             C. 装饰:名誉、名声
   A. 图书管理员:书                  D. 重复:冗余
   B. 农民:拖拉机                   E. 使沮丧:士气
   C. 法官:法律                找个性特征为‘减少’的选项
   D. 电工:电线                8. 责骂:不高兴(动作表达内心感情)
   E. 屠夫:肉                     A. 教:掌握
药剂师调配并出售药品=屠夫处理并出售肉。           B. 怜悯:同情
ABC不存在加工,D选项有‘处理’但不销售          C. 煽动:平静
2. 减轻:剧烈、强度(消除关系)              D. 宣布放弃、断绝关系:惊愕
   A. 丑化:外观                    E. 挑战:相同、类似
   B. 航行:距离                9. 可靠:信赖(因果关系)
   C. 结合:浓度、密度                 A. 虚假:怀疑
   D. 怀疑、使丢脸:相信                B. 同情:同情、遗憾
   E. 隔离:分离                    C. 公正:偏见
3. 塔、城堡:大建筑(种属关系)              D. 睿智:智慧
   A. 壁垒、城墙:障碍物                E. 好奇:好奇
   B. 储藏库:容器               因为可靠所以信赖=因为虚假所以怀疑。相信对
   C. 家:家具                 怀疑,
   D. 织物、布:衣服              10. 使苏醒、复活
   E. 沥青:公路                    A. 获得
   建筑层面对应。                     B. 减少
4. 演员:戏单、演出海报(部分组成关系)          C. 阻碍
   A. 页:小说                     D. 计算
   B. 旅行者:旅行指南                 E. 致使意识丧失
   C. 单词:句子                11. 温文尔雅的
   D. 成分、配料:处方、食谱              A. 仁慈的
   E. 照片:相册                    B. 笨拙的、粗俗的
演出海报有演员表=食谱含配料表,都是在纸上          C. 实际的
写有条目。                          D. 谨小慎微的、一丝不苟的
5. 责骂的:斥责(前后同义,词性不同)           E. 恭敬的
   A. 减轻的:减轻、平息            12. 阻碍、使困惑
   B. 腐蚀的:归还                   A. 未能区别
   C. 难懂得:搜索                   B. 背叛感情
   D. 深刻的、尖锐的:尖锐               C. 果断行动
   E.                          D. 同意
6. 无价值的、无效的:重要(反面特征)           E. 启蒙、教导
   A. 卓越的、崇高的:无价值的         13. 机警的、谨慎的
   B. 确立的:先例                   A. 不怀疑的、信任的
   C. 平凡的、每日的:规律               B. 讨厌的
   D. 欺骗性的:似乎有理                C. 令人失望的
   E. 虚无的、非物质的:物质              D. 欺诈的
7. 削弱:力量(动宾关系)                 E. 引人入胜的
   A. 增大:价值、重要性            14. 使潮湿、使沮丧
   B. 提升:钦佩                    A. 继续下去
                   02-07年gre真题整理
    B. 恢复                      D. 凝聚
    C. 使活泼、使生动                 E. 忽略
    D. 使失去勇气、使失常           18. 倾斜、猛冲
    E. 缓和、减轻                   A. 喜悦
15. 经受住、经受风吹雨打                 B. 开始、发动
    A. 故意忽略                    C. 默默地坚持
    B. 偷偷靠近                    D. 稳定运动
    C. 尝试削弱                    E. 苛刻地对待
    D. 经受不住                19. 悲伤、悼词
    E. 努力理解                    A. 谜语
16. 花言巧语                       B. 赞美歌
    A. 衷心的感谢                   C. 预言
    B. 必要性、必需品                 D. 对话
    C. 援助                      E. 侮辱、冒犯
    D. 焦点                  20. 狡猾的、老谋深算的
    E. 真诚的语言                   A. 表现的
17. 放弃、屈服                      B. 悲哀的
    A. 巧妙处理                    C. 易驾驭的
    B. 拒绝屈服                    D. 坦白的、直率的
    C. 行使职权                    E. 可信的、可靠的
                     02-07年gre真题整理



05年6G类反解析
SECTION ONE :AEACE CDEED ACCBD BADBC
SECTION TWO :ACBEC EDEBC DBDED CE
以上答案为笔者个人所做,非ETS提供,欢迎交流探讨。

                   SECTION ONE解析:
1、肮脏:纯洁的、干净的                 自身的状态,冒号左右2个词汇都是指不
A 充分、大量:稀少                   同的人,如B我解释,消除你的混淆;C
B 接近:接近的(正面)                 我禁止,消除你被允许的行为E我解除你
C 不对称:混乱、无秩序的                的武装,消除你的侵略性。
D 延长:广阔的
E 敏捷:敏捷的(正面)                 4、无效的:有效
反面特征。此题简单,词汇也不难。经            A 乏味的:乏味(正面)
典的两正考反。                      B 透明的:透明(正面)
                             C 散漫的:简洁
2、恼怒:激怒                      D 有目的的:目的(正面)
A 愤怒:证明……有道理                 E 敏锐的:精确
B 果断、决心:克服                   反面特征。三正考反。
C 不谨慎:误算
D 该罚、可责备:责备                  5、不道德的:正直、诚实
E 迷惑:使迷惑                     A 倔强的、难处理的:动机
动作及结果。激怒的结果是恼怒=使迷惑           B 简洁的:诚实
的结果是迷惑。都是心理层面的对应。            C 冷淡的:感激
                             D 自命不凡的:空虚
3、补充:减少的                     E 吝啬的:慷慨
A 修理、修复:打破的、损坏的              反面特征。注意不要选C,感激不是热
B 解释:混淆的                     情。
C 禁止:被允许的
D 抵制、使厌恶:讨厌的、多余的             6、适用的、适当的:相关、适当
E 解除武装、消除:侵略性的               A 乏味的:纨绔习气
消除关系。这道题非常难!题干显然都            B 卤莽的:敌意
是熟悉的词汇,没有名词性的名词,属            C 偏见的:偏见
于大正大反原则中的大反,但ABCE都           D 不可抵抗的:价值
是大反,都可以理解成消除关系,这个            E 短暂的:永久的
时候需要考虑动作的主客体对应。              同义词。
dwindling有不断减少的意思,所以这道
题目可以理解成:(人)不断地补充以            7、乌合之众、暴民:控制、操纵
消除不断减少的状态=    (人)不断地修理       A 疾病:诊断
以消除不断损坏的状态。都是人不断消            B 谜:解释
除事物消极状态的对应,     冒号左右2个词      C 妥协:协商
汇都是指同一事物。而BCE都是消除人           D 错误:矫正
                 02-07年gre真题整理



E 证词:证实                  A 服从的
动宾关系。 控制暴民=矫正错误。此题比      B 喧嚣的
较难!原因在于动词的个性特征对应得        C 健忘的、不注意的
不明显。仔细通读后,动词的个性特征        D 容易的、不严格的
隐约有人支配改变事物的对应,即:控        E 无情的、苛刻的
制暴民防止暴动=矫正错误防止异常。 其      此题熟词僻义,较难。参考:observant:
余选项动词没有支配改变的个性特征。        paying strict attention;oblivious:lacking
                         remembrance, memory, or mindful
8、新手:经验                  attention
A 大亨、巨头:威望
B 纪律严格的人:权威、权力           13、无情
C 业余爱好者:兴趣               A 放荡
D 诗人:灵感                  B 适应
E 不重要的人:结果、重要性           C 感情、敏感
反面特征。新手缺乏经验=不重要的人缺       D 健壮
乏重要性。                    E 无可指责
                         参考:callousness:feeling no emotion;
9、贡品、颂词:颂扬、称赞            sensitivity:awareness of the needs and
A 笑话:递送、发表               emotions of others。
B 暗示:困惑、为难
C 独白:讨论                  14、雇佣、使用
D 捐款:赔偿                  A 闲置
E 警告、告诫:警告               B 拒绝使用
事物及功能关系。名词与动词的常考关        C 聚集在一起
系。                       D 漠视、忽视
                         E 溶解、解散
10、回报、报答                 此题比较难!AB都有一定的道理。B好
A 避免                     一些,参考:employ:to make use of
B 抵抗                     (someone or something inactive);access:
C 违反一个协议                 freedom or ability to obtain or make use
D 未报答                    of。注意E dissolve是解散,不是解雇。
E 剧烈减少
                         15、不值得考虑的、微不足道的
11、感到惊奇                  A 强硬的、坚韧的
A 感到没有兴趣                 B 坚硬的、僵直的
B 失去耐心                   C 粗鲁的
C 不领情                    D 重要的
D 胆怯地行动                  E 庄严的
E 表现偏爱
                         16、腐蚀
12、注意的、敏感的、遵守的           A 再购、重置
                02-07年gre真题整理



B   沉积                  D 党派性的,有偏见的
C   潮湿                  E 权威的
D   扰乱
E   分离                  19、笨拙的
                        A 心情愉快的
17、勇气                   B 灵巧的
A 无勇气的、软弱的              C 精明的
B 意气相投                  D 无拘无束的
C 天真                    E 偶然发现的
D 平静
E 一致、符合                 20、颓废的、衰弱的
                        A 孤独的
18、公平的、公正的              B 敏锐的
A 古怪的                   C (心理、生理)有益健康的、健康的
B 卤莽的、冲动的               D 无兴趣的,不成熟的
C 模棱两可的                 E 突起的,杰出的

              SECTION TWO解析:
21、指示、教育:导师             特殊种属关系。怒和正常。万一不认识
A 反对:对手                 snarl有怒骂的意思就祭起无赖大法,看
B 辩解:罪犯                 对说,光对声啦。
C 英雄主义:领导
D 不和:调停人                24、富裕:大亨
E 自由:独裁者                A 匿名:捐助者
人及正面动作特征。               B 卓越:学者
                        C 幸福:享乐主义者
22、可耕种的:耕作              D 优雅:剧团经理、乐队指挥
A 不可捉摸的、难定的:分析(反面)      E 地位最高:统治者、当权者
B 传染的、传达的:治疗            正面特征。大亨富裕=统治者地位最高。
C 可食用的:消费、食用            钱对权,倒也工整。
D 易变:的、不稳定的:监督
E 难以克服的:征服(反面)          25、出丑、失态:合适的
正面特征。 可耕种的可以耕作=可食用的     A 假装、做作:人造的、假的(正面)
可以食用。两反考正。              B 胜利、成功:令人羡慕的
                        C 违法、侵害:可允许的
23、怒目而视:看               D 贿赂:腐败的(正面)
A 最小化:缩短                E 风俗:可改变的
B 咆哮、怒骂:说               反面特征。 失态是不合适的=违法是不允
C 参加、照顾:聚焦              许的。两正考反。
D 道歉:感到抱歉
E 支配:控制                 26、字符:象形文字
                              02-07年gre真题整理



A 议程:备忘录                              E 施肥
B 定义:术语表
C 字母:签名                               31、降级
D 文章:报纸                               A 征服
E 书:手册                                B 灵感
种属关系。      象形文字是一种字符=手册是              C 玷污
一种书。hieroglyph :a character used in   D 升级
a system of hieroglyphic writing ;    E 连续
manual:a book that is conveniently
handled。                              32、使沮丧
                                      A 统一
27、怨恨的:怨恨                             B 鼓励
A 顽固的:犹豫不决(反义词)                       C 连续
B 懊恼的、委屈的:自负                          D 捐助
C 勉强的:粗暴                              E 证明……合法、有效
D 傲慢的:傲慢
E 尊敬的、顺从的:不尊敬(反义词)                    33、召集
同义词。两反考正。                             A 后悔、抱歉
                                      B 建议
28、香膏、安慰剂:安慰的                         C 尊敬、使荣耀
A 抗生素:病毒的                             D 解散
B 水蒸气:不透明的                            E 耽搁
C 秘方:被证实的
D 麻醉剂:收敛性的                            34、卤莽的
E 安慰剂:无毒无害的                           A 世故的
正面特征。                                 B 不夸耀的(干扰)
                                      C 敏捷的
29、放气、抽出空气:空气                         D 吓人的
A 征服、抑制:独立、自主                         E 清醒的、审慎的
B 削弱:生长
C 惩罚:不礼貌                              35、静止、停滞
D 毁坏:革新                               A 愤怒
E 填充:大纲、轮廓                            B 幻想
动宾关系。 动词的个性特征都是使变小、                   C 富裕
少、弱、低……                               D 不平衡的状态
                                      E 准备未就绪
30、枯萎                                 参考:stasis:a state of static balance or
A 变异                                  equilibrium。
B 繁殖
C 繁荣                                  36、弯曲的、复杂的
D 纠缠                                  A 未受侵犯的
               02-07年gre真题整理



B   不能移动的
C   简单的、不复杂的
D   自由的
E   朴实的

37、放逐、排斥
A 平息
B 奉承
C 慷慨给予
D 提供帮助
E 邀请加入
                                  02-07年gre真题整理


05年10G类反解析
SECTION ONE

8、不小心:小心的                                   客体是物。在考场上绝对不能在E
A 无精打采:热情的                                  mediator:dispute这样有逻辑关系但是
B 奉承:谦卑的(正面)                                不是常考关系的选项上浪费时间,因
C 贪婪:贪婪的(正面)                                为只要类比题干出现人和一个动词的
D 后悔:      道歉的、      辩护的、      懊悔的(正        关系,大多数是人及正面特征,这是
面)                                          我们在课堂上反复强调过的,切记!
E 慷慨:慷慨的(正面)                                11、伪造的:真实性
反面特征。四正考反。                                  A 被宣告无罪的:清白(正面)
9、和解:和谐                                     B 变化无常的:有效性
A 复职:解雇                                     C 有密切关系的:相关(正面)
B 恢复、复原:健康                                  D 猖獗的、狂暴的:抑制
C 补偿、报酬:报酬                                  E 欢呼的:不完美
D 重现、循环:事件                                  反面特征。
E 优雅:教养、优雅                                  12、迷人的:魅力、迷人
动作及结果关系。和解的结果是和谐=                           A 危险的:焦虑、悬念
复原的结果是健康。参考:reconcile:                      B 根深蒂固的:怀疑态度
to restore to friendship or harmony;        C 无党派的、无偏见的:偏见
recuperate:to recover health or             D 纵火的、煽动的:警惕
strength,  都是恢复到从前的状态对应。                    E 令人困惑的:困惑
C是种属关系,           recompense:  payment in   同义词。
return for something, such as a service;    13、小屋、棚屋:住处
D是同义词关系。题干不是同义词关                            A 筏:船只
系,因为RECONCILIATION与                         B 摩天大楼:建筑
harmonizing是同义词,表示行为的动                      C 火山:山
词性名词,而HARMONY是表示状态                          D 礼堂:剧院
的形容词性的名词。此题很难!                              E 半岛:岛
10、顾问:建议                                    特殊种属关系。棚屋是一种简易小住
A 对手:征服                                     处=筏是一种简易小船。只要是特殊种
B 乘务员:挥霍                                    属关系重点一定是在小概念词的个性
C (陪少女上交际场所的)女伴:陪                           特征对应上。词题的能和棚屋对应上
同                                           的只有raft。
D 弟子:领导                                     14、使人愉快的:反感
E 调停人:争论                                    A 美味的:饥饿
人及正面动作特征。此题有生词                              B 模糊的:困惑
steward、chaperone,只能用排除法排                   C 熟悉的:识别
除其他选项以后在BC中选一个,50%                          D 炫耀的、招摇的:傲慢、自豪
的准确率,若按照优选后者的原则可                            E 乏味的:吸引、专注
以做对。      或者再细分用“无赖大法”,                只    反面特征。
评价COUNSEL与 squander、escort对                 15、剖析:标本
应的工整性。显然COUNSEL、escort                      A 麻痹:病人
的动作客体都是人,而squander的动作                       B 切开:皮肤
                               02-07年gre真题整理


C 解析:句子                                  E 抛弃
D 编辑:稿子                                  33、鉴别、选拔
E 诠释:艺术品                                 A 主观地察看
动宾关系。动词的个性特征都是分开                         B 不公正地批评
进行研究的对应。           DISSECT: analyze
                                to       C 不加区别地接受
and interpret minutely;parse: examine
                               to        D 共谋
in a minute way : analyze critically。此   E 搬运
题对单词水平要求较高!                              34、时髦的
16、漠不关心的:担心                              A 一丝不苟的
A 勤勉的:含糊其辞                               B 不同情的
B 过分殷勤的:干预、管闲事(正面)                       C 刻薄的
C 好争论的:争论(正面)                            D 乡巴佬的
D 固执的:屈服、让步                              E 难处理的
E 机敏的:研究                                 DASHING:marked by smartness
反面特征。两正考反。                               especially in dress and manners
28、落后、缓慢地行进                              bumpkinly:an awkward and
A 奉承                                     unsophisticated rustic
B 返回                                     35、偏爱
C 变亮                                     A 浅薄
D 使膨胀                                    B 慷慨
E 加速                                     C 广阔
29、大张着的                                  D 冷漠的
A 关闭的                                    E 公正无私
B 文雅的                                    36、仁慈、慷慨行为
C 专心的                                    A 胆小
D 至关重要的                                  B 吝啬、卑鄙
E 平常的、普通的                                C 贫穷
30、质问、使困扰                                D 隐居
A 刷白                                     E 痛苦
B 命名                                     37、极端反动的
C 口头支持                                   A思维特异的
D 无缝融合                                   B 经济窘困的
E 贸然煽动                                   C 社会需求的
31、过时的、陈旧的                               D 文化知识渊博的
A 精确的                                    E 政治上进步的
B 当前的、流行的                                38、有偏见的
C 不连续的                                   A 坦率的
D 活泼的                                    B 天真的
E 不完全的、早期的                               C 流出的
32、吝啬                                    D 反复无常的
A 破译                                     E 中立的
B 浪费、慷慨
C 聚集
D 表明
                02-07年gre真题整理


SECTION TWO解析

8、可靠的:失败、辜负             CROW:a) : to exult gloatingly
A 定期的、周期的:重现(正面)        especially over the distress of another
B 有浮力的:下沉               b) : to brag exultantly or blatantly
C 可塑造的:弯曲(正面)           14、可悲的、应受谴责的:责备
D 短暂的:消失(正面)            A 值得尊敬的:毁誉
E 易燃的:燃烧(正面)            B 令人尊敬的:尊敬
反面特征。四正考反。              C 新的:复制
9、篱笆、栅栏:牲畜              D 不明确的:困惑
A 堤坝:水                  E 可信的:证明、核实
B 山脊:溪谷                 因果关系。感情层面的对应
C 人行道:街道                15、笨拙地移动:优雅
D 海滨:海洋                 A 犹豫:确定
E 墙:房子                  B 烦躁:运动
人造设施及圈围对象。              C 催促:自愿
10、残余物:残余的              D 纠缠:烦恼(正面)
A 附件:辅助的                E 支吾、搪塞:不诚实(正面)
B 运输工具:迅速的              反面特征。两反考正。
C 离题:冗长的                16、流行性疾病:疾病
D 表面:光滑的                A 重罪:罪
E 天赋:受欢迎的               B 饥饿:饥饿
正面特征。                   C 地震:震动
11、魅力:令人厌烦的人            D (建筑物或森林)大火:火
A 慷慨:吝啬鬼                E 谋反:镇压
B 迂回的:行为鬼祟者             特殊种属关系。流行性疾病是大范围
C 同情:受害人                的疾病=大火是大范围的火。此题对单
D 反抗:坚定者、强壮者            词的要求很高了!
E 怀疑:教师、卖弄学问者           28、重要
人及反面特征。                 A 灵活
12、野生:野生的               B 关联、恰当
A 顷刻:稳定的                C 必要性
B 群居:领土的                D 不完美
C 丰裕:丰富的                E 微不足道
D 激动:温顺的                29、轻拍、轻抹
E 恐怖:胆小的                A 完全涂抹
同义词。                    B 卤莽进行
13、抱怨:不满                C 完全理解
A 警告:危险                 D 精力旺盛地与人相处
B 纠正:错误                 E 缓慢地干燥
C 怠慢、责骂:嫉妒              30、不可避免的、乱糟糟的
D 欢呼、吹嘘:高兴              A 重的
E 谴责:称赞、认可              B 整齐的
动作表达内心感情。               C 忧郁的、愚笨的
                               02-07年gre真题整理


D 笨拙的                                  4 ) reduced to a simple or mechanical
E 流利的                                  form : STANDARD, TRITE
31、特立独行者                               37、壳
A 恶人                                   A 分枝
B 遵守传统者                                B 高地
C 贵族                                   C 趋势
D 纯粹主义者                                D 核仁
E 听众                                   E 部分
32、尖刻的话                                38、顽固的
A 谦卑的要求                                A 有益健康的
B 夸赞的评论                                B 优雅的
C 狡猾的手法(花招)                            C 不自然的
D 直接的引用                                D 琐碎的
E 正式的承诺                                E 易驾驭的
33、可靠的
A (感情等)变幻无常的
B 虚弱的
C 无忧无虑的、不负责的
D 易受攻击的
E 声名狼藉的
34、贪图粗俗
A 懒惰
B 澄清
C 对称
D 疏忽
E 得体、庄重
35、无可争辩的、不容置疑的
A 直接的
B 吸引人的
C 独裁的
D 可疑的、不确定的
E 不公平的
36、合适的
A 强壮的
B 受欢迎的
C 未经排练的
D 宽阔的
E 矛盾的、反对的
PAT:1) a : exactly suited to the
purpose or occasion : APT b :
suspiciously appropriate : CONTRIVED
2 ) learned, mastered, or memorized
exactly
3 ) firm, unyielding
                    02-07年gre真题整理


06年
填空 答案
EACCD CB
AAECE EC

解析
1、尽管Heron在她以前执导的影片中因为庸俗的喜剧而著名,但是她的新电影却
不象情景喜剧:噱头(插科打混)变少了并且变微妙了。
A保守的陈述
B过分雕琢
C象征主义
D插科打混、滑稽
E情景喜剧、情节剧
由转折和less可知空格填the broad comedy的同义词。 只有E,92年2月考过类比(类
比教程P119T8)MELODRAMA: SUBTLETY。我的词汇课难题串讲中讲过,填空课提
到过。

2、一种叫bebop的爵士音乐的传统是混杂:尽管作为一种音乐形式它有爵士音乐
的本性,但是它使大量爵士乐观众感到疏远,它借鉴了其他的音乐形式比如rock
and pop。
A混杂的。。。使疏远
B杂乱的。。。引诱
C模糊的。。。夸大
D贵重的。。。精练
E高贵的。。。使高兴
解法1:第一空由冒号后面所有来决定,第二空格由which后面决定(非限制性定
语从句,起补充说明),既然变成其他音乐形式了,自然对本形式的观众做了负
评价的动作。只有A。turn to转向,求助于,开始工作。解法2:冒号后的解释说
它有爵士的本性,但又借鉴了其它音乐形式,显然第一空是混杂。
Bebop一词源出自爵士音乐家在练声或哼唱器乐旋律时发出的毫无词义的音节
(或无意义的狂喊乱叫)。创于1940年初,简单来形容就是高速、华丽、神经质,
需要在超高速的即兴中维持旋律的优美和组织性。

3、这个展览的重要性在于它的范围:馆长们从许多不同的博物馆里搜集了大量
的重要作品。
A同质
B诡辩
C范围
D远视、目光远大
E岛国意识
将冒号后面整个代回即可。


4、尽管事实是这个委员会的报告针对一个非常重要的主题,但是不会有人去读,
因为它的松散的语言是如此地浮夸臃肿以至于理解它需要极大的努力。
                       02-07年gre真题整理


A很少地。。。透明的、清晰的
B仔细地。。。易懂的
C很少地。。。浮夸的
D热切地。。。离题的
E广泛地。。。冗长的
送分题。主干转折决定第一空负评价AC,because决定第二空也是负评价C。

5、在19世纪美国最伟大的神秘人物中,肯定有Carleton,即使她的职业和生活状
况不象他们一样神秘。
A名人。。。模糊的
B失败者。。。杰出的
C吹牛者。。。没有瑕疵的
D神秘人物。。。神秘的
E成功者。。。可耻的
less... than提示对比,什么特点?到前面找,第一空。选同义词即可。

6、尽管以真实事件为基础,但是这部电影不够逼真:导演打乱了事件的顺序,
放大了关系的纠缠,并且为了戏剧效果牺牲了真实性。
A确信。。。支持
B表现。。。夸大
C逼真。。。牺牲
D现实主义。。。替代
E一致。。。利用
此题做第6题太抬举了。简单!由转折知第一空填真实ACD,由并列知道第二空
填负评价C。注意substitute 后面紧跟的是替代品,常用substitute A for B用A代替
B。在这里,显然不能理解成用真实来替代。     字根ver表示真实,  verify, aver,verdict。

7、当Adolph Ochs成为纽约时报的发行人时,他赋予该报独特冷静的基调,避免
同时代其他主流报纸尖刻的评论
A深奥的。。。学者的
B冷静的。。。尖刻的
C好争辩的。。。有倾向的
D变化无常的。。。变化无常的
E世界主义的。。。及时的
第一空是自己的特点,第二空是别人的特点,而第一空前面的uniquely决定了2
者不同,所以找反义词啦,只有B。

SECTION 2

1、尽管该业余运动员在比赛前严酷训练了6个月,但是他没能完成它:训练课程
是如此地苛刻以至于甚至专业运动员都要努力拼搏才能完成。
A完成。。。苛求的
B赢得。。。易管理的
C征服、精通。。。短小
D退让。。。可怕的
                        02-07年gre真题整理


E低估。。。不平常
由转折和failed知道第一空填正评价ABC,由冒号解释同义重复知道第二空负评
价AC,仔细辨析一下出A。题感好的同学看最后的finish就知道第一空一定填
finish的同义词。

*2、  将地理上不同位置的人们联系在一起,互联网有争辩地帮助数百万自然产生
的社区繁荣起来:这些社区由共同的兴趣决定而不是由偶然发生的一致性决定。
A一致性、适应性、兼容性
B影响
C互惠
D同时期
E接近
rather than提示对比,“the accident of____”=“not common interests”。

3、看起来Woodward不能容忍失去任何东西(患失);如果他删除了材料中的一
些东西,则焦点上内容的增加补偿缺失内容绰绰有余。
A精心制作。。。证明
B浓缩。。。夸大(干扰)
C扩展。。。弥补
D编辑、校订。。。突出、强调
E删除。。。补偿
分号前说的是Woodward不能容忍失去anything,后面马上冒号做了解释。显然
some of his material同义重复前面的anything,则第一空填leave。。。out的同义词
BDE,第二空由语意more than推出BD不合适。

4、许多国家对于支持市场经济的犹豫是不幸的,因为许多国家成功的故事表明
没有避免这些改革,国家们将很快收获它的好处。
A贯彻。。。证明
B追赶。。。寻找
C避开。。。收获
D需要。。。认识到
E理解。。。怀疑、询问
Because提示前后同义重复,前面对市场经济正评价,所以后面也是,具体体现
在suggest后面的主干中第二空填正评价的动作ABCD,再由far from表示相反得出
第一空填负评价动作得出C。

5、当代立法者对于互联网规则的抢先占有是与立法者过去对待新兴工业的方式
相矛盾的;比如,美国铁路在联邦政府提出规则以前运作了60年。
A对立的。。。减轻、使安心
B忠实的。。。征兵
C回忆。。。强迫
D冲突。。。举起、消除
E矛盾。。。提出
is 和 past提示时间对比,选负评价词AE,第二空填preoccupation的同义词E。
                        02-07年gre真题整理




6、尽管书名暗示是欺骗,但是作者不是一个声称提供万灵药的骗子;相反,她
的书在没有鉴定的情况下对确定的疾病的所有可能治疗方案做了评估。
A欺骗。。。批评
B真实。。。祖传秘方
C夸张。。。警告
D专家。。。规定、处方
E骗子。。。万灵药
分号前转折后面是正评价,得出第一空是负评价ACE,第二空要表达出骗子的特
征只有E。

*7、公司从与大学们签定的高级供应协议中挣得的利润是可以预料的,因为协议
中保护大学利益的条款们被普遍仔细审查过了。
A无法说明的。。。蔑视
B不清楚的。。。宣扬
C可预言的。。。细察、挑剔地检查
D下降的。。。忽视
E令人惊讶的。。。加强
主干简化:利润是空格。多还是少?不清楚,那就往后看。Because同义重复,
协议的条款被空格了, 在这里,  协议不是利润的同义重复,         所以光看主干无法做,
只好找细节找同义重复的地方。    利润来自于与大学签定的协议,后面说协议的条
款保护大学, 显然利润与协议的关系应该相反。也就是说第二空填增强等正评价
词,利润就减少,那么第一空就填负评价词,反过来也一样。有人选了E,那就
应该是 “协议中保护大学的条款被增强了,所以公司从协议中挣得的利润减少
了”,但是第一空“令人惊讶的”显然没有“减少的”这个意思。有的同学将E
理解成 “协议中保护大学的条款被增强了,所以公司从协议中居然挣得大量利润
是令人惊讶的”,但是本题中没有任何线索表示利润是“大量的”的。所以此题
很难!我认为答案是C, predictable是正评价词,scrutinized(inspect critically)
在这里是负评价词,满足于题目的逻辑关系分析。事实上也与商业事实相符合,
在协议中我们发现经常发现条款是不对等的,       合同双方一方特别详细一方特别粗
线条(比如电信、银行等部门的霸王条款),这样导致条款详细的一方制约因素
特别多,经常处于被动地位,稍有变化就可以告你违约。在本题中,保护大学的
条款被挑剔地仔细研究过了,自然公司能知道大学确切的从合同当中得到的好
处,反而关于自己的条款没有详细说明,这样水分会很大,在供货协议的时间、
材料、 服务方式等所有不明确的弹性条款上完全取决于公司的做法,自然公司的
利润是可以预料的了。除了你的,就是我的,所以在你的情况我已经确定的情况
下,自然我的利润我做主,可以预期。值得争议的是B,“协议中保护大学的条
款被普遍宣扬了,所以公司的利润是不清楚的。”逻辑关系成立,但是与常理似
乎欠妥,读不通顺。既然协议中保护大学的条款被普遍宣扬了,也就是说大学的
利润大家都知道了, 公司的利润大家都不知道,      所以第一空填      “不为人所知的”           ,
但是未必就是不清楚啊!

这次考题难度明显低于以前的考题,真正的难题是第2个SECTION的第2、7题。
要想达到语文600以上,填空可以错4个左右,所以目标很容易实现。所有的题目
                            02-07年gre真题整理


都用了解题技巧,所以考生在临考前应该大量强化解题技巧,只要感觉有,怎么
都能对!
以上原题来自于一位考生抄写,让我们感谢他的帮助!答案是笔者个人所做,非
ETS提供。欢迎就答案和翻译问题进行探讨,请寄orient_eccentric@sina.com,预
祝杀G顺利!

类反解析----by redhobor

2006/06 类比 (为方便看,将题目一起列出)

Section 1
8. QUEEN : MONARCH::
(A) composer : performer
(B) pupil : teacher
(C) judge : defendant
(D) principal : administrator
(E) citizen : representative
王后,女王:君主 (类属关系)
作曲家:表演者
学生:教师
法官:被告
首长,校长:管理者
公民,市民:代表前者是后者的一种类型,并且都具有最高权力者的意义。

9. SCHOOL : EDUCATE::
(A) bank : audit
(B) library : read
(C) court : adjudicate
(D) legislature : convene
(E) museum : adorn
学校:教育 (场所及其特征行为或作用)
银行:审计,查账v.(审计n.)
图书馆:阅读
法院(庭院;朝廷;奉承;求爱n.追求v.):判决
立法机关:召集
博物馆:装饰

10. IMITABLE : EMULATION::
(A) venerable : evaluation
(B) novel : duplication
(C) opportunistic : challenge
(D) flexible : fortification
(E) creditable : belief
可模仿的:模仿 (形容词与名词同义)
                       02-07年gre真题整理


可敬的;庄严的:评估
新颖的a.(小说n.):复制;副本
机会主义的:挑战
柔软的;灵活的;可变的:堡垒;加强
可信的:信任

11. DISCOURTEOUS : OFFEND::
(A) imposing : daunt
(B) inculpable : blame
(C) disreputable : admire
(D) illustrious : laud
(E) decorous : insult
失礼的:冒犯;犯罪 (因果关系)
印象深刻的:使胆怯,使畏缩
无罪的:责备
声名狼藉的:赞美;羡慕
杰出的:赞美
有礼貌的:侮辱
只有题目和选项D是近似意义的对应,因为失礼导致冒犯=因为杰出引起赞美。

12. SQUEAMISH : DISGUST::
(A) tractable : manage
(B) plain : question
(C) irascible : defuse
(D) choleric : soothe
(E) dictatorial : imposing
易恶心的,想呕吐的;易受惊的:作呕;厌恶 (易于关系, 形容词与动词同义)
易驾驭的;易管教的:管理
清楚的,明白的:疑问
易怒的:拆除引信;缓和
易怒的:安慰,缓和
独裁的:印象深刻的,雄伟的

13. DISENCHANT : ILLUSION::
(A) baffle : doubt
(B) mollify : alienation
(C) suppress : confinement
(D) counteract : trend
(E) exempt : requirement
使醒悟:幻想 (消除关系,前者消除后者)
困惑:疑惑
平息:疏远
镇压,抑制:限制
抵消:倾向;趋势
                                02-07年gre真题整理


豁免:要求

14. ACCESSIBLE : APPROACH::
(A) contrite : apologize
(B) venerable : imitate
(C) irascible : enrage
(D) conformist : mislead
(E) prolific : produce
易接近的;可理解的:接近;处理v.(接近;方法;途径n.) (易于关系, 形容词与动词同义)
悔罪的:道歉
可敬的:模仿
易怒的:激怒
因循守旧的:误导
丰富的;多产的:生产

15. STIGMATIZE : CONTEMPT::
(A) misrepresent : disbelief
(B) distinguish : individuality
(C) pursue : mutuality
(D) reiterate : redundancy
(E) bemoan : regret
诬蔑,指责;打烙印:轻蔑,藐视 (同义关系, 动作及其表达情感)
误传:怀疑
辨别:个性;特征
追赶;追求;从事:相互关系;亲密
重复,重申:冗余
哀伤;抱怨:遗憾,后悔;抱歉这是一道难题,题目的关系很模糊。很多人认为是同义关系,答
案为D。
但是再仔细分析一下题目,stigmatize本义是给人打上表示耻辱的标志,来让大家鄙视,而
contempt只表示轻视,不尊重,这两个词从动作上的主客体和程度上来说是有区别的,不
能认为同义。        所以题目里更主要的关系是动作及对应的情感表示,选项E都含有遗憾的意义,
同时在情感层面上与题目相同。

16. TRENCHANCY : INSIPID::
(A) forgetfulness : concerned
(B) iniquity : vicious
(C) tranquility : forbearing
(D) arrogance : brazen
(E) artlessness : canny
鲜明:平淡乏味的 (反义关系)
健忘:关心的;有关的
不公正:不道德的;恶意的
宁静:容忍的
傲慢;自大:厚颜无耻的
                             02-07年gre真题整理


天真:谨慎的,精明的

Section 2
8. FORAGE : SUSTENANCE::
(A) foretell : omen
(B) salvage : wreck
(C) reconnoiter : plan
(D) canvass : support
(E) question : poll
搜寻v.(饲料n.):食物 (动作及其目的对象)
预言:预兆
救助:失事;残骸
侦察:计划,规划
游说;调查:支持
询问;怀疑:投票;民意调查

9. WREST : TAKE::
(A) appoint : designate
(B) plummet : drop
(C) charter: establish
(D) cite : quote
(E) tear : separate
费力夺取,强夺:拿走;获得 (程度类比, 非正常与正常)
指定;委任:指明;任命
垂直下落v.(铅锤n.):下落;下降
特许;发执照v.(执照n.):建立,确立
引用,引证:引用;报价
撕裂;流泪v.:分离

10. FRUGAL : STINGY::
(A) combative : aggressive
(B) attentive : oblivious
(C) lenient : lax
(D) informed : astute
(E) dubious : unsure
节约的:吝啬的 (褒贬程度类比)
好斗的:好斗的;有进取心的
留意的:遗忘的
宽大的;仁慈的:松驰的;松懈的
见多识广的:机敏的
可疑的:不确定的

这是一道比较容易迷惑的题。题目很容易理解,褒贬程度的类比。
选项A和E都是同义,其中A比较让人误解。如果解释为―好斗的‖,则与combative构成同义
                                 02-07年gre真题整理


关系,并且没有褒贬的差异;如果解释为―有进取心的‖,则与combative构成褒贬,但没有
逻辑上意义的递进,不构成程度的类比。
lax解释为not stringent,有―不严厉、纵容‖的含义,与lenient在褒贬上构成类比关系。此外,
宽大、放松与题目的节俭、收缩在程度上也有种隐含的大小对比。

11. TRADEMARK : MANUFACTURER::
(A) scepter : monarch
(B) badge : sheriff
(C) licence : driver
(D) barcode : cashier
(E) seal : signatory
商标:制造商 (标识及其标志的人)
权杖;王权:君主
徽章:行政治安长官;警长
执照:驾驶员
条形码:出纳员
封条;印章:签名人

12. ECLIPSE : PROMINENCE
(A) bankruptcy : solvency
(B) anticipation : foresight
(C) dissipation : extravagance
(D) investment : accumulation
(E) corruption : bribery
蚀;衰落:突出;显著 (反义关系)
破产:偿还能力;溶解能力
预期:远见
驱散;浪费:奢侈
投资:聚集
腐败:贿赂

13. FUSTY : FRESH::
(A) favorable : expedience
(B) prolific : abundance
(C) superficial : vacuity
(D) biased : partiality
(E) plebeian : prestige
陈腐的:新鲜的 (缺乏或反义关系)
有利的;赞成的:方便
丰富的;多产的:丰富
表面的;浅薄的:空虚
偏见的:偏爱
平民的;粗俗的:声望
[词义]
                              02-07年gre真题整理


14. SHIFTY : STRAIGHTFORWARDNESS::
(A) imperious : confidence
(B) belligerent : rancor
(C) gregarious : graciousness
(D) exacting : ambition
(E) inept : competence
多变的;狡诈的:直接;坦率 (形容词与名词反义关系)
专横的:信心
好战的:积怨;仇恨
群居的;社交的:亲切的;高尚的
苛求的,严格的:野心
无能的;不称职的:能力;胜任

15. OBSTREPEROUS : RESTRAINT::
(A) penurious : influence
(B) ambitious : achievement
(C) guileless : cunning
(D) authoritative : competence
(E) enigmatic : coherency
吵闹的;任性的:抑制;克制 (形容词与名词反义)
贫穷的;吝啬的:影响
有野心的;有抱负的:成就
不狡诈的;坦率的:狡猾
权威的:能力;胜任
谜的:一致性

16. SOLICITOUS : CONCERN::
(A) adversarial : penvy / envy
(B) derisive : pride
(C) truculent : belligerence
(D) penitent : pity
(E) amorous : pleasure
热心的:关心 (正面特征, 形容词与名词同义)
敌对的:羡慕;嫉妒
嘲笑的:自豪;骄傲
凶残的:好战
悔过的:怜悯,同情
多情的:愉快



2006/10

Section 2
8. EXPERIMENT: LABORATORY::
                                    02-07年gre真题整理


(A) administration: school
(B) storage: factory
(C) illness: hospital
(D) trial: courthouse
(E) restoration: museum
实验:实验室 (地点关系)
管理;经营:学校
存储:工厂
疾病:医院
审判;试验:法院
修复;恢复:博物馆
[分析]
事物或行为及其发生的地点。

9. DIAGNOSE: TREAT::
(A) hypothesis: reiterate
(B) campaign: manage
(C) preach: believe
(D) testify: witness
(E) proofread: correct
诊断:治疗 (目的关系)
假设:重述;重做
参加活动v.(战役;(竞选)活动n.):管理
传教:相信
证实:作证;目击v.(证人;证词n.)
校正:纠正v.

10. ANTIDOTE: POISON::
(A) balm: irritate
解毒剂:中毒v. (前者消除后者)
香油,药膏,镇痛剂:刺激;激怒
[词义]
antidote n. 解毒药
1 : a remedy to counteract the effects of poison
2 : something that relieves, prevents, or counteracts *an antidote to the mechanization of
our society*
balm n. 香油,药膏,镇痛剂
1 : a balsamic resin; especially : one from small tropical evergreen trees (genus
Commiphora of the family Burseraceae)
2 : an aromatic preparation (as a healing ointment)
3 : any of several aromatic plants of the mint family; especially : LEMON BALM
4 : a spicy aromatic odor
5 : a soothing restorative agency
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


11. MALINGER: WORK::
(A) penalize: incentive
(B) negotiate: conflict
(C) distort: meaning
(D) criticize: confidence
(E) shirk: obligation
装病以逃避工作:工作 (动作及其逃避对象)
处罚:动机n.(激励的a.)
谈判;商议:冲突
歪曲:意义
批评:信心
逃避,规避:责任
[词义]
malinger v. 装病以逃避工作
: to pretend or exaggerate incapacity or illness (as to avoid duty or work)
shirk v. 逃避, 规避
intransitive verb
1 : to go stealthily : SNEAK
2 : to evade the performance of an obligation
transitive verb : AVOID, EVADE *shirk one's duty*
[分析]
malinger和shirk是常考的一对词,这题只是往年真题的重新编排而已。
MALINGERER: DUTY=recluse: humanity
HOARD: MISER=shirk: malingerer
PARSIMONIOUS: SKIMP=malingering: shirk
MALINGER: AIL=flatter: appreciate

12. OUST: INCUMBENT::
(A) evict: tenant
(B) eject: meeting
(C) canvass: pollster
(D) stall: proceedings
(E) impeach: electorate
驱逐:在职者n. (动作及其对象)
驱逐(租户):房客n.(出租v.)
驱逐:会议
细查;拉选票:民意测验家
停止;阻塞v.(货摊;畜栏n.):法律行为;记录
控告;弹劾:选民
[词义]
oust v. 强迫出去;把...赶走
1 a : to remove from or dispossess of property or position by legal action, by force, or by
the compulsion of necessity b : to take away (as a right or authority) : BAR, REMOVE
2 : to take the place of : SUPPLANT
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


synonyms see EJECT
incumbent n. 在职者, 现任者; adj. 义不容辞的
n.
1 : the holder of an office or ecclesiastical benefice
2 : one that occupies a particular position or place
a.
1 : imposed as a duty : OBLIGATORY *incumbent on us to take action*
2 : having the status of an incumbent *the team's incumbent third
baseman*; especially : occupying a specified office
3 : lying or resting on something else
4 : bent over so as to rest on or touch an underlying surface
evict v. (依法)驱逐; 逐出(租客)
1 a : to recover (property) from a person by legal process b : to put (a tenant) out by legal
process
2 : to force out : EXPEL
synonyms see EJECT
stall n. 货摊; 畜栏 v. 停止; 阻塞
n.
1 a : a compartment for a domestic animal in a stable or barn b : a space marked off for
parking a motor vehicle
2 a : a seat in the chancel of a church with back and sides wholly or partly enclosed b : a
church pew c chiefly British : a front orchestra seat in a theater — usually used in plural
3 : a booth, stand, or counter at which articles are displayed for sale
4 : a protective sheath for a finger or toe
5 : a small compartment *a shower stall*; especially : one with a toilet or urinal
transitive verb
1 : to put into or keep in a stall
2 obsolete : INSTALL 1
3 a : to bring to a standstill : BLOCK; especially : MIRE b : to cause (an engine) to stop
usually inadvertently c : to cause (an aircraft or airfoil) to go into a stall
intransitive verb
1 : to come to a standstill (as from mired wheels or engine failure)
2 : to experience a stall in flying
proceedings n. 法律行动; (会议)纪录
1 : legal action *a divorce proceeding*
2 : PROCEDURE
3 plural : EVENTS, HAPPENINGS
4 : TRANSACTION
5 plural : an official record of things said or done
[分析]
前者驱逐后者,incumbent是承担责任的当前在职者,tenant是承租房屋的当前房客。oust
是第一次在类反中考到,注意两种驱逐的特征属性。
DEPORTATION: COUNTRY=eviction: dwelling
EVICT: RESIDENCE=banish: country
                                        02-07年gre真题整理


另外要注意proceedings作为一个词理解,主要指法律上的诉讼行为。

13. ABRIDGEMENT: LENGTH::
(A) discount: price
删节:长度 (缩减关系)
折扣:价格
[词义]
abridgment n. 删节; 节本
1 : the action of abridging : the state of being abridged
2 : a shortened form of a work retaining the general sense and unity of the original

14. COMPLACENT: ANXIETY::
(A) truculent: gentleness
自满的:焦虑;渴望 (缺乏关系; 形容词与名词反义关系)
野蛮的;好战的:温顺;亲切
[词义]
complacent adj. 自满的, 得意的
1 : marked by complacency : SELF-SATISFIED *a complacent smile*
2 : COMPLAISANT 1
3 : UNCONCERNED
truculent adj. 残暴的, 凶狠的
1   :   feeling or displaying ferocity : CRUEL, SAVAGE
2   :   DEADLY, DESTRUCTIVE
3   :   scathingly harsh : VITRIOLIC *truculent criticism*
4   :   aggressively self-assertive : BELLIGERENT

15. USURPER: AUTHORITY::
(A) impostor: identity
(B) barbarian: property
篡位者:权力;权威 (人物及其占用对象)
冒名顶替者:身份;特征
野蛮人:财产;属性
[词义]
usurp v. 篡夺, 霸占
transitive verb
1 a : to seize and hold (as office, place, or powers) in possession by force or without
right *usurp a throne* b : to take or make use of without right *usurped the rights to
her life story*
2 : to take the place of by or as if by force : SUPPLANT *must not let stock responses
based on inherited prejudice usurp careful judgment*
intransitive verb : to seize or exercise authority or possession wrongfully
  –usurper noun
imposter n. 冒名顶替者
1 : one that assumes false identity or title for the purpose of deception
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


2 : to deceive with soothing words or false promises
[分析]
usurper和imposter都是采取非法手段霸占别人的合法物品。从下面的真题里也可以看到这
两个词的GRE特征。
EMBEZZLE: FUNDS=usurp: power
IMPOSTER: IDENTITY=usurper: authorization
USURP: TAKE=trespass: enter

16. NICETY: DISTINCTION::
(A) intimation: communication
(B) spoof: parody
细节;准确:区别;特性 (类属关系; 特殊与一般)
暗示;公开宣布:传达;信息;交通
哄骗:拙劣模仿
[词义]
nicety n. 准确, 精确
1 : the quality or state of being nice
2 : an elegant, delicate, or civilized feature *enjoy the niceties of life*
3 : a fine point or distinction : SUBTLETY *the niceties of table manners*
4 : careful attention to details : delicate exactness : PRECISION
5 : delicacy of taste or feeling : FASTIDIOUSNESS
distinction n. 区别, 差别; 知名
1 a archaic : DIVISION b : CLASS 4
2 : the distinguishing of a difference *without distinction as to race, sex, or
religion*; also : the difference distinguished *the distinction between imply and infer*
3 : something that distinguishes *regional distinctions*
4 : the quality or state of being distinguishable *no distinction of facial features in the
twins*
5 a : the quality or state of being distinguished or worthy *a politician of some
distinction* b : special honor or recognition *took a law degree with distinction* *won
many distinctions* c : an accomplishment that sets one apart *the distinction of being
the oldest to win the title*
intimate v. 公开宣布; 暗示; adj. 亲密的; n. 密友
v.
1 : to make known especially publicly or formally : ANNOUNCE
2 : to communicate delicately and indirectly : HINT
synonyms see SUGGEST
a.
1 a : INTRINSIC, ESSENTIAL b : belonging to or characterizing one's deepest nature
2 : marked by very close association, contact, or familiarity *intimate knowledge of the
law*
3 a : marked by a warm friendship developing through long association *intimate
friends* b : suggesting informal warmth or privacy *intimate clubs*
4 : of a very personal or private nature *intimate secrets*
                                      02-07年gre真题整理


n. : an intimate friend or confidant
[分析]
nicety是一种更加精确、细微的特征。

Section 4

8. CRUMB: BREAD::
(A) tile: floor
(B) splinter: wood / medal
(C) brick: wall
面包屑:面包 (前者是后者脱落的碎片)
瓷砖;瓦片:地板
碎片:木头 / 奖章
砖:墙
[词义]
crumb n. 饼屑, 面包屑; 碎裂的东西
n.
1 a : a small fragment especially of something baked (as bread) b : a porous aggregate of
soil particles
2 : BIT *a crumb of good news*
3 : the soft part of bread
4 slang : a worthless person
v.
1 : to break into crumbs
2 : to cover or thicken with crumbs
3 : to remove crumbs from *crumb a table*
tile n. 瓦片, 瓷砖
1 plural    tiles or    tile a : a flat or curved piece of fired clay, stone, or concrete used
especially for roofs, floors, or walls and often for ornamental work b : a hollow or a
semicircular and open earthenware or concrete piece used in constructing a drain c : a
hollow building unit made of fired clay or of shale or gypsum
2 : TILING
3 : HAT; especially : a high silk hat
4 : a thin piece of resilient material (as cork, linoleum, or rubber) used especially for
covering floors or walls
5 : a thin piece resembling a ceramic tile that usually bears a mark or letter and is used as
a playing piece in a board game (as mah-jongg)
 –on the tiles British : engaged in late-night carousing
splinter n. 尖片, 裂片
1 a : a thin piece split or broken off lengthwise : SLIVER b : a small needlelike particle
2 : a group or faction broken away from a parent body

9. PRAIRIE: TREES::
(A) meadow: flowers
                                      02-07年gre真题整理


(B) albino: pigment
(C) island: water
大草原:树木 (缺乏关系)
草地;牧场:花
白化病:色素
岛:水
[词义]
prairie n. 大草原
1 : land in or predominantly in grass
2 : a tract of grassland: as a : a large area of level or rolling land in the Mississippi River
valley that in its natural uncultivated state usually has deep fertile soil, a cover of tall
coarse grasses, and few trees b : one of the dry treeless plateaus east of the Rocky
Mountains that merge on their east side with the prairies proper and are characterized by
shorter grasses and drier less fertile soil
meadow a. 安全的 n. 保险箱;冷藏室
: land in or predominantly in grass; especially    : a tract of moist low-lying usually level
grassland
albino n. 白化病
: an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation; especially : a human being that is
congenitally deficient in pigment and usually has a milky or translucent skin, white or
colorless hair, and eyes with pink or blue iris and deep-red pupil
[分析]
此题以前考过。

10. TOURNIQUET: BLEEDING::
(A) brake: motion
止血带:流血 (阻止关系)
刹车:运动
[词义]
tourniquet n. 止血带
: a device (as a band of rubber) that checks bleeding or blood flow by compressing blood
vessels
brake n. 刹车; v. 减速, 阻止
n.
1 : a device for arresting or preventing the motion of a mechanism usually by means of
friction
2 : something used to slow down or stop movement or activity *use interest rates as a
brake on spending*
transitive verb : to retard or stop by or as if by a brake
intransitive verb
1 : to operate or manage a brake; especially : to apply the brake on a vehicle
2 : to become checked by a brake

11. NOMADIC: ABODE::
                                    02-07年gre真题整理


(A) impassioned: emotion
(E) irresolute: opinion
游牧的;流浪的:住所 (修饰关系)
热情的:情感
犹豫不决的:意见;看法
[词义]
nomadic adj. 流浪的; 游牧部落的
1 : of, relating to, or characteristic of nomads *a nomadic tribe*
2 : roaming about from place to place aimlessly, frequently, or without a fixed pattern of
movement
[分析]
前者都含有游离不定的特征。

12. PERJURY: TESTIMONY::
(A) pseudonym: name
伪证:证词 (假真关系)
假名:名字

13. AIRTIGHT: FLAW::
(A) baseless: foundation
密封的:裂缝;瑕疵 (反义关系; 缺乏关系)
无根据的:基础;根据
[词义]
flaw n. 瑕疵, v. 生裂缝
n.
1
1 : a sudden brief burst of wind; also : a spell of stormy weather
2 obsolete : an outburst especially of passion
2
1 a : a defect in physical structure or form *a diamond with a flaw* b : an imperfection or
weakness and especially one that detracts from the whole or hinders effectiveness *vanity
was the flaw in his character* *a flaw in the book's plot*
2 obsolete : FRAGMENT
foundation n. 基础; 建立; 基金(会)
1 : the act of founding
2 : a basis (as a tenet, principle, or axiom) upon which something stands or is
supported *the foundations of geometry* *the rumor is without foundation in fact*
3 a : funds given for the permanent support of an institution : ENDOWMENT b : an
organization or institution established by endowment with provision for future
maintenance
4 : an underlying base or support; especially : the whole masonry substructure of a
building
5 a : a body or ground upon which something is built up or overlaid b : a woman's
supporting undergarment : CORSET c : a cosmetic usually used as a base for makeup
                                      02-07年gre真题整理




14. ASCETIC: SELF-DENIAL::
(A) egoist: self-interest
禁欲者:自我否定;克已 (人及其正面特征)
自我主义者:利己
[词义]
ascetic adj. 禁欲的; n. 苦行者
1 : practicing strict self-denial as a measure of personal and especially spiritual discipline
2 : austere in appearance, manner, or attitude
synonyms see SEVERE
 –ascetic noun
self-denial n. 克已; 自我否定
: a restraint or limitation of one's own desires or interests
egoism n. 自我主义; 利已主义
1 a : a doctrine that individual self-interest is the actual motive of all conscious action b :
a doctrine that individual self-interest is the valid end of all actions
2 : excessive concern for oneself with or without exaggerated feelings of self-importance
— compare EGOTISM 2
[分析]
解题的关键在于理解两个组合词的准确含义。

15. FAIL-SAFE: MALFUNCTION::
(D) precarious: stability
(E) immutable: evolve
安全装置的:故障 (难以关系)
不定的;危险的:稳定性
不变的:演变;进化
[词义]
fail-safe adj. 安全装置的; 万无一失的 n. 自动安全装置
a.
1 : incorporating some feature for automatically counteracting the effect of an anticipated
possible source of failure
2 : being or relating to a safeguard that prevents continuing on a bombing mission
according to a preconceived plan
3 : having no chance of failure : infallibly problem-free *the little black dressThas
consistently been the fail*safe solution for night — Vogue*
n. : a device or measure that makes something fail-safe
precarious adj. 不稳的, 危险的
1 : depending on the will or pleasure of another
2 : dependent on uncertain premises : DUBIOUS *precarious generalizations*
3 a : dependent on chance circumstances, unknown conditions, or uncertain
developments b : characterized by a lack of security or stability that threatens with danger
synonyms see DANGEROUS
stability n. 稳定性
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


1 : the quality, state, or degree of being stable: as a : the strength to stand or endure :
FIRMNESS b : the property of a body that causes it when disturbed from a condition of
equilibrium or steady motion to develop forces or moments that restore the original
condition c : resistance to chemical change or to physical disintegration
2 : residence for life in one monastery
immutable adj. 不变的
: not capable of or susceptible to change
evolve v. 使逐渐形成, 进化
transitive verb
1 : EMIT
2 a : DERIVE, EDUCE b : to produce by natural evolutionary processes c : DEVELOP,
WORK OUT *evolve social, political, and literary philosophies — L. W. Doob*
intransitive verb : to undergo evolutionary change
evolution n. 进化; 演变
1 : one of a set of prescribed movements
2 a : a process of change in a certain direction : UNFOLDING b : the action or an instance
of forming and giving something off : EMISSION c (1) : a process of continuous change
from a lower, simpler, or worse to a higher, more complex, or better state : GROWTH (2) :
a process of gradual and relatively peaceful social, political, and economic advance d :
something evolved
3 : the process of working out or developing
4 a : the historical development of a biological group (as a race or species) :
PHYLOGENY b : a theory that the various types of animals and plants have their origin in
other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modifications in
successive generations; also : the process described by this theory
5 : the extraction of a mathematical root
6 : a process in which the whole universe is a progression of interrelated phenomena
[分析]
此次考试中的一道难题。Fail-safe是个新词,但也可以根据词形猜测到含义。但选项D和E
的逻辑关系与题目比较接近。
fail-safe含有在任何情况下都不会发生故障的特征意义。同样immuntable也是永恒不变的。
而precarious是依据所处的环境或条件而产生的不确定性,在词义范围上比前两者要窄。
TRANSITORY: ENDURE=immutable: change
IMMUTABLE: ALTERED=implacable: propitiated
PRECARIOUS: STABILITY=spent: efficacy

16. ODE: POEM::
(A) eulogy: speech
颂诗:诗 (类属关系)
赞词:演说
[分析]
ode和eulogy是常考的老词。

反义解析
                                   02-07年gre真题整理


2006/10

Section 2
28. PANORAMIC::
(A) unjust
(B) unattractive
(C) unintelligible
(D) narrow
(E) parallel
全景的
不公平的
不吸引人的, 不引人注意的
难以理解的
狭窄的
平行的;类似的
[词义]
panoramic adj. 全景的; 全貌的
a : CYCLORAMA 1 b : a picture exhibited a part at a time by being unrolled before the
spectator
2 a : an unobstructed or complete view of an area in every direction b : a comprehensive
presentation of a subject *a panorama of American history* c : RANGE
3 : a mental picture of a series of images or events
[分析]
panoramic的特征是在视野上一览无遗,不受限制。

29. LIKEN::
(A) disguise
(B) contrast
比做
伪装;掩饰
对比;对照
[词义]
liken v. 把...比作...
: COMPARE
[分析]
注意compare是比较两者的相同点,而contrast是比较两者的不同点。

30. CAUSTIC::
(A) mild
腐蚀性的;刻薄的adj.
温和的
[词义]
caustic adj. 腐蚀性的;刻薄的; n. 腐蚀剂
a.
                                      02-07年gre真题整理


: capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action : CORROSIVE
2 : marked by incisive sarcasm
3 : relating to or being the surface or curve of a caustic
synonyms CAUSTIC, MORDANT, ACRID, SCATHING mean stingingly incisive. CAUSTIC
suggests a biting wit *caustic comments*. MORDANT suggests a wit that is used with
deadly effectiveness *mordant reviews of the play*. ACRID implies bitterness and often
malevolence *acrid invective*. SCATHING implies indignant attacks delivered with fierce
severity *a scathing satire*.
n.
1 : a caustic agent: as a : a substance that burns or destroys organic tissue by chemical
action b : SODIUM HYDROXIDE
2 : the envelope of rays emanating from a point and reflected or refracted by a curved
surface
[分析]
CAUSTIC <> innocuous <> palliating <> smooth

31. STASIS::
(A) period of change
静态;停滞
变化时期
[词义]
stasis n. 静态;停滞
1 : a slowing or stoppage of the normal flow of a bodily fluid or semifluid: as a : slowing of
the current of circulating blood b : reduced motility of the intestines with retention of
feces
2 a : a state of static balance or equilibrium : STAGNATION b : a state or period of
stability during which little or no evolutionary change in a lineage occurs

32. WINDFALL::
(A) formal requirement
(B) legal acquisition
(C) unrealized prophecy
(D) unexpected backset
意外的好运
正式的需求
合法的所得
未实现的预言
意想不到的挫折
[词义]
windfall n.风吹落的果实; 意外的好运
1 : something (as a tree or fruit) blown down by the wind
2 : an unexpected, unearned, or sudden gain or advantage
[分析]
windfall主要强调意外的收获,而这种所得并没有合法与非法的。
                                     02-07年gre真题整理




33. HARDIHOOD::
(A) simplicity
(B) timorous
(C) discretion
大胆,鲁莽
简易;直率
胆小
谨慎;判断力
[词义]
hardihood n. 大胆, 鲁莽
a : resolute courage and fortitude b : resolute and self-assured audacity often carried to
the point of impudent insolence
2 : VIGOR, ROBUSTNESS
synonyms see TEMERITY
timorous adj. 胆小的, 胆怯的
1 : of a timid disposition : FEARFUL *reproached myself with being so timorous and
cautious — Daniel Defoe*
2 : expressing or suggesting timidity *proceed with doubtful and timorous steps —
Edward Gibbon*
discretion n. 谨慎, 审慎
1 : the quality of being discreet : CIRCUMSPECTION; especially : cautious reserve in
speech
2 : ability to make responsible decisions
3 a : individual choice or judgment *left the decision to his discretion* b : power of free
decision or latitude of choice within certain legal bounds *reached the age of discretion*
4 : the result of separating or distinguishing

34. DISSONANCE::
(A) euphony
不和谐(的音调)
悦耳的语音
[词义]
dissonance n. 不和谐(的音调)
1 a : lack of agreement; especially : inconsistency between the beliefs one holds or
between one's actions and one's beliefs — compare COGNITIVE DISSONANCE b : an
instance of such inconsistency or disagreement
2 : a mingling of discordant sounds; especially : a clashing or unresolved musical
interval or chord
euphony n. 悦耳的语音
1 : pleasing or sweet sound; especially : the acoustic effect produced by words so
formed or combined as to please the ear
2 : a harmonious succession of words having a pleasing sound
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


35. DISSIPATE::
(A) arrange
(B) conserve
驱散
排列;安排
保存
[词义]
dissipate v. (使)驱散; 浪费
transitive verb
1 a : to break up and drive off (as a crowd) b : to cause to spread thin or scatter and
gradually vanish *one's sympathy is eventually dissipated — Andrew Feinberg* c : to lose
(as heat or electricity) irrecoverably
2 : to spend or use up wastefully or foolishly *dissipated the family fortune in reckless
business ventures*
intransitive verb
1 : to break up and scatter or vanish *the clouds soon dissipated* *the team's early
momentum has dissipated*
2 : to be extravagant or dissolute in the pursuit of pleasure; especially : to drink to
excess
synonyms see SCATTER
conserve v. 保全, 保存
v.
1 : to keep in a safe or sound state *he conserved his inheritance*; especially : to avoid
wasteful or destructive use of *conserve natural resources*
2 : to preserve with sugar
3 : to maintain (a quantity) constant during a process of chemical, physical, or evolutionary
change *conserved DNA sequences*
n.
1 : SWEETMEAT; especially : a candied fruit
2 : PRESERVE; specifically : one prepared from a mixture of fruits
[分析]
dissipate是使散开并消失,有一个递减的过程。Arrange在程度、数量上没有变化,只是顺
序上的重新排列。Conserve是避免数量上的减少。
DISSIPATE <> gather <> amass <> accumulate

36. RETIRING::
(A) indulge
(B) assertive
(C) professional
(D) insensitive
(E) virulent
害羞的;隐居的
放纵
断定的;自信的
                                      02-07年gre真题整理


专业的;职业的
感觉迟钝的
剧毒的;恶毒的
[词义]
retiring adj. 隐居的, 不爱交际的; 害羞的
: RESERVED, SHY
reserved adj. 说话不多的
1 : restrained in words and actions
2 : kept or set apart or aside for future or special use
synonyms see SILENT
indulge v. 放纵
transitive verb
1 a : to give free rein to b : to take unrestrained pleasure in : GRATIFY
2 a : to yield to the desire of : HUMOR *please indulge me for a moment* b : to treat
with excessive leniency, generosity, or consideration
intransitive verb : to indulge oneself
synonyms INDULGE, PAMPER, HUMOR, SPOIL, BABY, MOLLYCODDLE mean to show
undue favor to a person's desires and feelings. INDULGE implies excessive compliance and
weakness in gratifying another's or one's own desires *indulged myself with food at the
slightest excuse*. PAMPER implies inordinate gratification of desire for luxury and comfort
with consequent enervating effect *pampered by the amenities of modern living*.
HUMOR stresses a yielding to a person's moods or whims *humored him by letting him tell
the story*. SPOIL stresses the injurious effects on character by indulging or
pampering *foolish parents spoil their children*. BABY suggests excessive care, attention,
or solicitude *babying students by grading too easily*. MOLLYCODDLE suggests an
excessive degree of care and attention to another's health or welfare *refused to
mollycoddle her malingering son*.
assertive adj. 果断的, 断言的
1 : disposed to or characterized by bold or confident assertion *an assertive leader*
2 : having a strong or distinctive flavor or aroma *assertive wines*
synonyms see AGGRESSIVE
[分析]
retiring是一种沉默拘束的状态,而assertive在言行上与之相反,坚定而有进取心。Indulge
是对个人欲望的过度放纵。

37. GAINFUL::
(A) unoccupied
(B) unremunerative
有利可图的
未占用的
无报酬的;无利可获的
[词义]
gainful adj. 有利可图的
: productive of gain : PROFITABLE *gainful employment*
                                     02-07年gre真题整理




38. DISAFFECTED::
(A) content
(B) beloved
不满的
满意的adj.
心爱的
[词义]
disaffected adj. (政治上)不满的, 叛离的
: discontented and resentful especially against authority : REBELLIOUS *disaffected
youth*
content adj. 知足的, 满意的; n. 内容;满意
a. : CONTENTED, SATISFIED *was content with her life as it was*
v.
1 : to appease the desires of
2 : to limit (oneself) in requirements, desires, or actions
n.
1
: CONTENTMENT *ate to his heart's content*
2
1 a : something contained — usually used in plural *the jar's contents* *the drawer's
contents* b : the topics or matter treated in a written work *table of contents* c : the
principal substance (as written matter, illustrations, or music) offered by a World Wide
Web site *Internet users have evolved an ethos of free content in the Internet — Ben
Gerson*
2 a : SUBSTANCE, GIST b : MEANING, SIGNIFICANCE c : the events, physical detail, and
information in a work of art — compare FORM 10b
3 a : the matter dealt with in a field of study b : a part, element, or complex of parts
4 : the amount of specified material contained : PROPORTION
beloved adj. 心爱的
: dearly loved : dear to the heart

Section 4
28. TARRY::
(A) take action
耽搁
采取行动
[词义]
tarry v. 徘徊, 耽搁
v.
1 a : to delay or be tardy in acting or doing b : to linger in expectation : WAIT
2 : to abide or stay in or at a place
n. : STAY, SOJOURN
                                      02-07年gre真题整理


29. DESPAIR::
(A) optimize
(B) exult
绝望
乐观;最优化,充分利用
狂喜
[词义]
optimize v. 使完善; 最优化
: to make as perfect, effective, or functional as possible
exult v. 欢腾, 喜悦
1 obsolete : to leap for joy
2 : to be extremely joyful : REJOICE *the team exulted in their victory*
[分析]
despair是"lose all hope or confidence"。optimal是乐观的,但在MW中optimize并没有乐观
的含义。Exult只表示愉快的状态。因为此题不完整,很难判断是否答案有误或ETS的考虑欠
妥。

30. AGGRANDIZE::
(A) denigrate
增大, 扩张
诽谤
[词义]
aggrandize v. v.增大, 扩张
1 : to make great or greater : INCREASE, ENLARGE *aggrandize an estate*
2 : to make appear great or greater : praise highly
3 : to enhance the power, wealth, position, or reputation of *exploited the situation to
aggrandize himself*
denigrate v. 污蔑, 诽谤
1 : to attack the reputation of : DEFAME *denigrate one's opponents*
2 : to deny the importance or validity of : BELITTLE *denigrate their achievements*
[分析]
考查aggrandize的第二义。

31. VEXATIOUS::
(A) soothing
令人烦恼的
抚慰的
[词义]
vexatious adj. 烦恼的
1 a : causing vexation : DISTRESSING *vexatious delays* b : intended to harass *a
vexatious lawsuit*
2 : full of disorder or stress : TROUBLED *a vexatious period in her life*
soothe v. 抚慰;减轻
transitive verb
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


1 : to please by or as if by attention or concern : PLACATE
2 : RELIEVE, ALLEVIATE *soothe a cough*
3 : to bring comfort, solace, or reassurance to *music soothes the soul*
intransitive verb : to bring peace, composure, or quietude

32. RUMINATE::
(A) think briefly
反刍;沉思
简短的思考
[词义]
ruminate v. 反刍, 深思
transitive verb
1 : to go over in the mind repeatedly and often casually or slowly
2 : to chew repeatedly for an extended period
intransitive verb
1 : to chew again what has been chewed slightly and swallowed : chew the cud
2 : to engage in contemplation : REFLECT
synonyms see PONDER

33. BELLICOSE::
(A) appease
好斗的
缓和;平息

34. GOAD::
(A) entice
(B) predisposed
刺激,激励v.
怂恿,引诱
预先倾向的;易受影响的
[词义]
goad n. 赶牛棒; v. n. 刺激, 激励
n.
1 a : something that pains as if by pricking : THORN b : something that urges or
stimulates into action : SPUR
2 : a pointed rod used to urge on an animal
synonyms see MOTIVE
v.
1 : to incite or rouse as if with a goad
2 : to drive (as cattle) with a goad
entice v. 怂恿,引诱
: to attract artfully or adroitly or by arousing hope or desire : TEMPT
synonyms see LURE
predispose v. 倾向; 易于
                                     02-07年gre真题整理


transitive verb
1 : to dispose in advance *a good teacher predisposes children to learn*
2 : to make susceptible *malnutrition predisposes one to disease*
intransitive verb : to bring about susceptibility
synonyms see INCLINE
[分析]
goad是驱赶别人,而predispose是自身的倾向。



35. CALUMNY::
(A) approbation
诽谤
认可;赞许
[词义]
calumny n. 诽谤, 中伤
1 : a misrepresentation intended to harm another's reputation
2 : the act of uttering false charges or misrepresentations maliciously calculated to harm
another's reputation
approbation n. 证实; 认可; 赞许
1 obsolete : PROOF
2 a : an act of approving formally or officially b : COMMENDATION, PRAISE

36. CHICANERY::
(A) ingenuous
(B) genuine
诡计,狡诈
坦白的;直率的
真诚的
[分析]
chicanery n. 诡计, 狡诈
1 : deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry : TRICKERY
2 : a piece of sharp practice (as at law) : TRICK
ingenuous adj. 纯朴的, 单纯的
1 obsolete : NOBLE, HONORABLE
2 a : showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness *her ingenuous thirst for
experience — Christopher Rawson* b : lacking craft or subtlety *ingenuous in their
brutality*
synonyms see NATURAL
genuine adj. 真的; 真诚的
1 a : actually having the reputed or apparent qualities or character *genuine vintage
wines* b : actually produced by or proceeding from the alleged source or author *the
signature is genuine* c : sincerely and honestly felt or experienced *a deep and genuine
love* d : ACTUAL, TRUE *a genuine improvement*
2 : free from hypocrisy or pretense : SINCERE
                                    02-07年gre真题整理


synonyms see AUTHENTIC
[分析]
两个选项都很接近题目的反义。chicanery表示为欺骗行为,ingenuous是缺乏手段和精明,
而genuine是情感上的真诚,但没有行为上的明确定义。

37. ALIGNED::
(A) awry
(B) curved
(C) patchy
排列的
歪斜的
弯曲的
补丁的;不调和的
[词义]
align v. 将某物排列在一条直线上; 与某人结盟
transitive verb
1 : to bring into line or alignment
2 : to array on the side of or against a party or cause *he aligned himself with the
protesters*
intransitive verb
1 : to get or fall into line
2 : to be in or come into precise adjustment or correct relative position
awry adj. 扭曲的, 走样的
1 : in a turned or twisted position or direction : ASKEW
2 : off the correct or expected course : AMISS
patchy adj. 补丁的; 不一致的, 斑驳的
1 : marked by, consisting of, or diversified with patches
2 : irregular in appearance, makeup, or quality
[词义]
align的第二义是"处于正确位置",awry有偏离正确路线的含义。
aligned <> warped <> irregular <> askew <> awry <> improperly adjusted

38. SARDONIC::
(A) respectful
讽刺的
尊敬的
[词义]
sardonic adj. 嘲笑的
: disdainfully or skeptically humorous : derisively mocking *a sardonic comment* *his
sardonic expression*
synonyms see SARCASTIC

066g反义
                       02-07年gre真题整理


1.OBSERVANT
A.obedient
B.blantant
C.oblivious
D.undemanding
E.uncharitable
分析:题干是"服从的,遵守的",答案选D,undemanding有放纵之义.

2.CALLOUSNESS
A.robustness
B.sensitive
分析:题干是"无情"的意思,A表示健壮,无关,而B表示敏感,很符合,选B.

3.MARVEL<>feel apathetic
分析:MARVEL这个词我们可以通过熟悉的marvelous来推知,就是带有强烈的惊讶,惊奇,即
surprise或astonishment的意思,于是反义对应漠然,无动于衷,很符合.

4.EMPLOY
A.leave idle
B.disregard
C.fail to access
D.deny access to
E.without access
分析:答案选A.关键在于知道idle有 not occupied or employed的意思.当然,在考场上我们只
能根据排除,很显然C,D,E都是关于access的,access有进入,入口的意思,其中fail, deny和
without都是同性词,显然三个都不对(可笑的是,without居然还是deny和fail的上义,显然都不
能选嘛,从逻辑上来说太必然啦!!!),于是只能在A和B选择.而B又是众所周知的代表"不顾,不
理睬,不关注"的意思,没有"不雇佣"的意义,只有选A啦.

5.ERODE
A.reorder
B.deposit
C.humidify
D.disturb
E.separate
分析:答案选B.腐蚀对沉积,简单.

6.RECIPROCATE
A.refuse to pay
B.fail to repay
C.resist
D.XX agreement
E.violate the XXX
分析:原题记忆很模糊,笔者在这里根据自己分析选取了5个代表性的选择项来分析下.题干是
                    02-07年gre真题整理


互惠,互利的意思,那么从这个意义上说B从"互相,来往"的方面上构成了反义,就现在选项分
布上而言,B最适合.

7.INCONSIDERABLE<>weighty
分析:considerable是相当的,有重要性的,前面加上前缀in-我们自然不陌生是取反义,那么就
是trivial,无足轻重的意义,于是对应反义为weighty.

8.GRIT
A.spineless
B.congenial
分析:又是一个熟词偏义.现在GRE的类反很明显不再注重词汇量的大小,而在于词汇的精通,
于是grit你知道有意志坚强,不屈不挠的意义吗,同样spineless除了有"无刺"之外有"懦弱"的
意义吗?ETS给我们敲了警钟,背单词的方法真要好好改改了.WEBSTER,考生们你们查过几次?

9.FAIR-MINDED
A.partisan
B.hotheaded
分析:这里似乎没有可作为答案的选项.题干不用说也猜出是impartial的意思,但是要找到反
义的partial看来不是很简单,partisan注意虽然有part的前缀但是除了盲目效忠之外我不记得
有偏狭顾及一面的意思吧,而B拆开单词就知道意思:hotheaded=hot+head+ed,就是头脑发
热的,头脑发热只会冲动做傻事,没听说过会有偏见啊,所以啊,该题答案应在其余3个选项中,
在这两个选项里兜圈徘徊的同志们估计是要牺牲了!

10.DECADENT<>wholesome
分析:"腐烂衰败"对应"健康良好",明显反义啊.

11.HEAVY-HANDED
A.deft
B.shrewed
分析:题干是红宝中单词,表示clumsy,笨手笨脚的,对应的是A中的灵巧还是B的精明呢?对了,
笨手笨脚只是行动上迟钝,不代表大脑有迟钝,有问题,所以应该对应的是A.如果选B,那么朋
友你的大脑肯定有点问题,你说是吧?嘿嘿^-^

12.WILT
A.mutate
B.multiply
C.flourish
D.entangle
E.fertilize
分析:题干WILT表示"枯萎,憔悴",于是对应的反义自然应该是C"繁荣,勃发".相信迷惑项应该
是E,注意WILT:FERTILIZE只能构成类比里的消除关系"或"缓和关系",是没有对比性的!

13.DEMOTION
A.conquest
                             02-07年gre真题整理


B.inspiration
C.pollution
D.elevation
E.succession

分析     EMOTION来自demote,降级,谪扁的意思,反义就是升级罗!答案选D.


14.DISMAY
A.unify
B.encourage
C.continue
D.contribute
E.justify

分析     ISMAY有使人意志消沉,沮丧,不如意的意思,照此推断,答案很明显,只有B.


15.MARBLED
A.unique color
B.fragile
分析:该题也许是这次反义词考试中最疑惑,最争议的题.MARBLED有两个意义,一个很显然,
有大理石花纹的,另一个是夹带有脂肪性物质的,于是从这两个解释看好象都无法用来考反
义啊?中国人喜欢发散思维了,有人开始说大理石花纹从科学上来说肯定是"杂色的",因此反
义词应该是A,单一的色彩.有人说,夹带了脂肪东西就不会碎,它具有缓冲作用,于是反义词是
B,容易碎裂的.同志们,动动脑吧,用人类直观的正常逻辑思维来想一下,单细胞动物的美国人
想得到你们这样深远的解释吗?会发散得如此不着边际吗?GRE的科学命题原则让笔者相信
在原题册上必定存在着他们直观而显然的解释,哪怕是该命题失误也不会有如此歪曲的解释
配对.于是,迷题归迷题,笔者对于如此众多GRE莘莘学子对GRE命题与考试基本原则的荒谬
判断和一知半解不无担忧起来.考GRE是种任务,但是更是一种不可多得的学习过程,学习真
正直观而POWERFUL的严谨思维,而不是天马行空地浪漫遐想.PLEASE TAKE A LITTLE
WHILE FOR A DEEP THINKING!



16.STASIS<>state of imbalance
分析:STASIS我们都知道是"静止",但是这里又是熟词偏义,这里应该解释为"静态平衡" a
state of static balance,于是对应"非平衡状态".

17.OSTRACIZE
A.invite to join
B.offer to help
分析:题干是个很有名的单词,"驱逐",于是欢迎就是他的反义词,选A.

18.CONVENE
A.dissolve
B.delay
                                02-07年gre真题整理


分析:注意convene不同于convenience,没有方便,便利的意思,它指"召集,聚集",因此不能选B.
而A是溶解,使分散的意思,因此选A.

19.TORTUOUS
A.uncomplicate
B.not complicated
分析:题干有"弯曲,间接"的意义,而A,B选项都是"不复杂"的意思,具体对应和选择看来在原题
记忆上问题较大,因此在这里难以作出明确判断.



20.OBLIGATORY<>gratuitous

分析    BLIGATORY是义不容辞的意思,而gratuitous是无缘无故的,免费的意思,中文看起来

好象并不工整,其实gratuitous在英文中有not called for by the circumstances,即非形势所迫
的情况下所作出的行为,于是跟义不容辞产生反义,由于这个解释词条在字典里末尾,也可说
是"熟词偏义".

21.EXULTATION<>state of grief
分析:狂喜对悲伤,简单.

22.MADCAP
A.sophisticated
B.unobrusive
C.agile
D.fearful
E.sober
分析:这个题好象是这次考试中唯一在题干中出现了生词,但是该题并不难,因为我们惊喜地
发现这个生词是个简单的组合词.MADCAP=MAD+CAP,戴着疯帽子的,于是特征是疯狂,任性,
冲动,等等,你可以想到,反义词应该是稳重,冷静之类的.于是A是老于世故的,圆滑的,反义词
应该是正直,诚恳的,不选。B是不突出的,不显眼的,不选.C是灵巧的,不选.D是害怕的,不选.这
样一来只有E,表示稳重的,冷静的.很好.



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07 年类反答案
类 CEEC EE(?) CEE E DB CEEBDE
反 ACACEAB BDDB AEDED CEDDDC

								
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