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					                  Adobe Premiere 6.0

                        Tutorial 2




Premiere - Tutorial 2      Page 1
Start up Adobe Premiere.

We are going to load in the project you saved from Tutorial 1.

To do this :

   click 'Cancel' when the 'Load Project Settings' window appears.

   Click on File and Open and locate ‗premtut1.ppj’ on your 'h' drive.


Editing in the Clip Window

So far, we have only added the Star Wars trailer to the Timeline.
We will now do some editing to this trailer

Double-click the mouse on starwars.mov on the Video 1A track in the Timeline
window. The video appears in a Clip window near the top of the screen.




If you need to, you can enlarge the viewing area of the clip window to match its
actual size ( 480*260) by clicking and dragging the Resize button ( ) at the
lower right corner of the Clip window.

The advantage of having a properly sized window—that matches the clips
physical dimensions—is that the playback will be clearer. When the window is
too small, the pixels are ―interpolated‖ to fit the smaller space resulting in poorer
visual quality on the computer screen.




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The control buttons in the Clip window function the same way as those in the
Monitor window (explained in Tutorial 1).

Press the <SPACE BAR> to start playing the clip.

When Anakin starts to speak, "What if dreams came ….", press the <SPACE
BAR> to pause the clip.

Use the keyboard‘s <ARROW LEFT> or <ARROW RIGHT> keys to fine tune the
starting point of the clip.
You should be at about 00:00:01:13, or 1 second and 13 frames into the clip, just
before Anakin speaks.

Click the In Point button ( ‗{‗ ). If you wish, you can use the keyboard equivalent
for setting an In Point—the letter <I>. This marks a new starting point for the clip.




Press the <SPACE BAR> again to resume playback. When Anakin finishes the
sentence with "...and who you wanted to help " ( his mother touches his cheek),
press the <SPACE BAR> to pause playback.

Use the <ARROW LEFT> or <ARROW RIGHT> keys to fine tune this edit point (
just before the next scene fades in) . A good place for this edit is 00:00:11:04.
Click the Out Point button ( ‗}‘ ) or press the letter <O> on the keyboard.

Click the Play In to Out button to confirm how the clip sounds when its played
back.
NOTE: You can quickly go to your In Point by pressing <CTRL>+<ARROW UP>
or your Out Point by pressing <CTRL>+<ARROW DOWN>.


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The yellow bar in the Clip window shows the edited portion of the movie which
goes from 00:00:01:13 to 00:00:11:04.




The duration of this interval is 9:16 = 9 seconds and 16 frames.

To invoke this edit, click the 'Apply' button at the bottom of the Clip window.
Click the 'X' at the top of the Clip window to close it.


Due to this edit, you will see a gap at the start of the Timeline and also the length
of the clip in the Timeline has reduced in size.




We‘ll close the small gap at the start of the movie. Position the mouse pointer on
the Video 1A track in the area of the gap and click the right mouse button. From
the menu that appears, choose Ripple Delete. The gap in the timeline is closed
and the clip moves along.

NOTE: Make sure you click on the gap (gray area) of the timeline and not on the
actual clip.


Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 4
The gap is closed and the movie now starts at the beginning of the timeline.
Notice there are no small diagonal notches at either end of the clip. Recall from
Tutorial 1 that if any content is edited from the start of the clip, the notch at the
―Head‖ of the clip will disappear.
If any content is edited from the end of the clip, the notch at the ―Tail‖ will
disappear. Since we edited out video from both the start and end of the clip, the
notches are gone.


Save the project now as 'premtut2.ppj'
.
Press the <HOME> key or <ARROW UP> key so the Playback Head goes to
the start of the timeline.
Press the <SPACE BAR> or press <ENTER> and the program will play.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                   Page 5
Using the Work Area Bar


Notice the yellow line near the top of the Timeline window. This line is called the
Work Area Bar and it controls which portion of the program will play when you
hit the <ENTER> key.




You can adjust the width of the yellow bar by clicking and dragging its control
handles at either end. You can click and drag anywhere on the yellow portion to
move the location of the entire Work Area Bar in the timeline.

Playback Using the <SPACE BAR>

When you press the <SPACE BAR> the program will start playing from wherever
the Playback Head is currently situated, whether inside or outside the location of
the Work Area Bar.

Playback Using the <ENTER> Key

When you press the <ENTER> key, the program will begin playing from the
starting point of the yellow Work Area Bar and stop playing at the end point of
the Work Area Bar.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 6
Therefore, you have full control over what part of the timeline you wish to view.

Set the Work Area Bar as shown below - it does not have to be exactly the
same.




When you press the <ENTER> key, notice how the Playback Head moves from
left to right only across the selected portion of the timeline.

When you press the <SPACE> key, notice how the Playback Head moves from
its current position along the rest of the timeline.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                 Page 7
Timeline Navigation

Click on the Navigator tab to bring up the Navigator palette.

The Navigator gives you a simplified view of the Timeline window. It also allows
you to access any portion of the timeline, change the time scale, and quickly
scrub through your entire program.
This is especially important as your projects get larger.

Navigation Controls

This enlarged image shows how the Navigation palette relates to the Timeline
window.




Click repeatedly on the 'Increase Scale' button to increase the scale of the
timeline.
The scale can be enlarged to the 1 Frame level where each tick mark on the
timeline ruler represents 1 frame of video (or 1/30 th second).

Click repeatedly on the 'Reduce Scale' button to reduce the scale of the timeline.
The scale can be reduced to 8 minutes which can be useful in very long
projects.



Premiere - Tutorial 2                Page 8
Click and drag the mouse on the 'Scale' button to increase (drag right) or reduce
(drag left) the scale

Click and drag the mouse anywhere inside the green rectangle to move back and
forth through the timeline.

Hold down the <SHIFT> key and click and drag precisely on the red line in the
Navigator palette to scrub through your program. You will see the video being
displayed in the Monitor window.

If you do not see the video changing in the Monitor window while scrubbing, then
first click on the Monitor window, then hold down the <SHIFT> key while you click
and drag on the red line.




What Happens to Clips that are Edited?

When you edit video and audio clips in Premiere, there is no change whatsoever
to the original files that were captured to your hard drive. Premiere simply uses
the edit points you‘ve made to determine what sections of the captured clips
play back.

For example, the edited segment is about 9 seconds long, but we know the
original clip is more than 29 seconds. We can easily add another segment from
the starwars.mov clip to our program.


Adding Another Segment

To do this : double-click on the starwars.mov thumbnail in the Project window.
This opens a Clip window with the entire original clip of starwars.mov. The clip
segment already existing in the timeline remains unchanged. We can now pick
an entirely new section to add to our program.

Pick a new In Point at 00:00:21:02, and a new Out Point at 00:00:26:04.

NOTE: This time we do not see an Apply button because we did not double-
click on a clip that was already existing in the Timeline window.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                Page 9
We will insert this segment after the first clip in the Timeline window.

Click the Next Edit button in the Monitor window until the Edit Line is
positioned at the end of first clip.
Or, you can click on the blue title bar of the Timeline window to make it active
and press the <END> key on the keyboard (not on the numeric keypad).




NOTE: When activating any window in Premiere, always click on its blue title bar
to avoid accidentally selecting something in a particular window.


After positioning the Edit Line at the end of the program, click the right mouse
button anywhere over the video image of starwars.mov in the Clip window.
From the menu that appears, choose Insert at Edit Line.

Click the 'X' at the top right corner of the Clip window to close it.

Save the project now, <CTRL>+<S>.

Press the <HOME> key to return the Playback Head to the beginning of the
timeline.
Press the <SPACE BAR> to view your program.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                   Page 10
Setting Up a Transition

The edits we have created so far are commonly referred to as cuts. The video
simply changes from one clip to the next.
Premiere lets you add effects (known as transitions) between clips.
To do so, the clips must be positioned alternately on the Video 1A and Video
1B tracks, and they must overlap.

Click and drag the second segment straight down to the Video 1B track. You
will see a gray shadow that represents the clip‘s new position as you enter the
track.




Notice that the audio portion is automatically relocated to its corresponding
Audio 2 track. Click once on the second clip and it will become "selected" as
shown by the animated marquee (like "marching ants") around the clip.

Look at the Info palette. Notice that this clip starts at 0:00:09:16




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 11
Click and hold the mouse button on the second clip on the Timeline ( Video 1B
Track) and try to drag the clip to the left until the Info palette shows the clip
starting at 0:00:09:00

NOTE: You will probably find it impossible to move the clip precisely to
0:00:09:00
Instead, the clip seems to "snap" from place to place instead of moving smoothly
to the proper position.
The reason for this is a default feature in Premiere called Snap to Edges.
Premiere attempts to position clips somewhat automatically which gives you less
control. We can toggle this feature off.

Improving Clip Control

To gain complete control when moving the clip, you have two options:

1) Enlarge the time scale of the project to ‘6 Frames’.
At this magnified scale, you will have better control when moving the clip back
and forth in the timeline. Try it. You should be able to position the clip exactly at
0:00:09:00.

Before looking at the second option, put the clip back to its previous position of
0:00:09:16 on the Video 1B track. Set the time scale back to 2 Seconds.


2) If you don't want to change the time scale, there is another method you can
   use. Click the small arrow located at the upper right side of the Timeline
   window to bring up the Timeline flyout menu.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 12
Click the item, Snap to Edges, and it will be toggled off.

You have now turned off the Snap to Edges feature in Premiere. It is generally
more convenient to use the icon at the base of the Timeline window to toggle
Snap to Edges on and off.

Click on this icon a couple of times to try it out, but when you are finished leave
Snap to Edges off as shown here.




With Snap to Edges disabled, try again to position the clip to 0:00:09:00 (use
the Info window to guide you).

You now have complete and smooth control of the clip's placement without
having to do all the steps discussed in option 1.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 13
Choosing a Transition

Premiere comes with dozens of transitions and they are conveniently grouped in
folders located in the Transitions palette.

We will use one of the Dissolve Transitions.




Now Click on the arrow to display all the Dissolve Transitions.




Place the mouse pointer over the Cross Dissolve Transition. The mouse
pointer changes to a hand.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                 Page 14
If you double-click on the Transition you will get a Settings Windows which gives
a 'preview' of what the Transition will do. This can be used to preview any
Transition.
Click 'Cancel'.

Again. move the mouse pointer over the Cross Dissolve Transition. The mouse
pointer changes to a hand.
Click and drag Cross Dissolve Transition to the Transition track and position it
to fit into the overlap area between both clips.
With the mouse button still being pressed, you will see a dark grey "shadow" in
the Timeline window showing you where the transition will be placed.

You will now see the transition icon situated between both clips on the
Transition track.

A small red bar appears just below the yellow Work Area Bar. It corresponds to
the location of the transition.




(Note that the Transition symbol highlighted on the above diagram will be different from the one on your
screen )




Premiere - Tutorial 2                           Page 15
Click the mouse within the numerical time scale and position the Playback Head
close to the Transition icon as shown below.




Press the <SPACE BAR> to play back the project from this point.
You were probably surprised to see that no transition occurred in the Monitor
window!
It just goes from one scene straight into the other scene. There is no gradual
transition. Read ahead to find out why.


Rendering New Video

In Premiere, when new video is created, it must be rendered before it will play
back.

What do we mean by new video?
Up to now, everything that played back when we pressed the <SPACE BAR>
was material that already existed on the hard drive.

With a transition, there must be new video created that combines material from
both video tracks. This new video does not yet exist at all.

Rendering takes time because Premiere must "calculate" what each new video
frame will look like and then write a new file to your hard drive that contains the
rendered clips.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 16
Premiere saves these files in a folder on your hard drive called
Adobe Premiere Preview Files. To set this up :
Click on Edit and Preferences and ―Scratch Disks and Device Control
….”




Beside ‘Video Previews’ – click the drop-down menu and
choose ‗Select Folder …’

In the ‘Browse For Folder’ window - chose a Valid Folder and click OK




Click OK to close the Preferences Window.

This will cause all temporary files will be stored in a sub-folder
called ‗’Adobe Premiere Preview Files’.
This folder should be deleted occasionally to save disk space.


Premiere - Tutorial 2               Page 17
Instant View

Fortunately, Premiere also provides an instant viewing feature that lets you see
how your transition will look before it is rendered.
To perform an instant view, first press and hold the <ALT> key and slowly drag
the Playback Head over the transition. It is important that you move the Playback
Head SLOWLY so that you can see the actual effect of the Transition

When doing this type of instant view, there will be no audio playback.


Rendering Transitions (New Video)

To actually render a transition, we must play back the project by pressing the
<ENTER> key rather than the <SPACE BAR>.

We can also specify the area of the project that we wish to view. This is
accomplished by adjusting the yellow Work Area Bar just above the numerical
time scale ruler.

Double-click on the yellow Work Area Bar. This automatically creates control at
both ends of the Timeline window That is, the ENTIRE Timeline window.

Press <ALT> and left click the Work Area Bar for it to cover our clips within the
Timeline Window

Click and drag each of the control handles to suitably cover the transition area as
shown below.




Press <ENTER>




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 18
A Building Preview progress bar appears. In a few moments, Premiere will
render the transition and the selected area will play back. In the Monitor window,
you will see the transition in actual time with sound.




A small green bar appears just below the yellow Work Area Bar. The color
indicates that new video has been successfully rendered. Prior to rendering, this
bar was red.
The red color alerts you about which sections in your project still require
rendering.
NOTE: After a segment has been rendered once, it will not have to be rendered
again because its new video has been saved on the hard drive. However, if you
modify a transition after it has been rendered, or you move any video clips in the
rendered region, Premiere will have to re-render again before playback.

Remember, the yellow line is known as the Work Area Bar. Press <ENTER>
again. Notice how Premiere only plays back the section of the timeline that is
covered by the Work Area Bar.


Premiere - Tutorial 2                 Page 19
Press <ALT> and left click the Work Area Bar for it to cover our clips within the
Timeline Window

Save your work again.
The length of a transition is determined by how much overlap there is between
the two video tracks. In this example there was a 16 frame overlap so the
transition effect takes 16 frames.


Now play the clip from the start :
 - Ensure the Work Area Bar covers all the clips
 - click <HOME> or the <UP ARROW >
 - press <SPACE>



There still seems to be a slight problem - with the audio when the second clip
fades in.
The music seems to come in quite loudly.

It would be better for this music to fade in gently in the background from the
second clip while the voice on the first clip finishes.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                 Page 20
Audio Editing


Click the arrow beside the Audio 2.
The arrow turns down, and the expanded audio track shows more detail.

Open the Timeline Window Options dialog box (see Tutorial 1).
Change the Audio display section to 2 Seconds and click to close the dialog
box.




Now you can see miniature audio waveforms that represent audio volume
variations for the second clip




                                                                  .

Adjusting Audio Levels

The slender red line going through the middle of the audio segment is a
volume control band.

We can manipulate this red line to create audio level variations.
Position the mouse pointer at the start of the red line.
The mouse arrow changes to a pointing finger.

Drag the end of the red line downwards - this reduces the volume.




Now replay the clip
There is still a slight problem with the audio of the second clip. It fades in across
the entire clip.
We only want the audio to fade in while clip 1 finishes. When clip 1 has finished,
we want normal volume level.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 21
To do this, position the mouse pointer on the red line (just after the end of clip 1)
The mouse arrow changes to a pointing finger.
Click the left mouse button once, and a new control point handle will be added to
the red line.




Now drag this control point upwards so that it looks like the diagram below.




This red line indicates that the audio will fade in gradually and will then play at
the same level after the control point.


Check the Results

Press the <HOME> key to return the Playback Head to the start of the timeline.
Press <ENTER> to play back the program. The sound level consistency between
the two clips has been improved.

Save the project.




Premiere - Tutorial 2                  Page 22
Creating a Movie

We have now done all our work - it seems to play as we would expect.
But all our work is contained within the Premiere Project.
We have to export all this information to produce a QuickTime Movie.
Click on File and ‗Export Timeline….’ and ‗Movie….’




Notice all the settings match the Export Settings that were set up in Tutorial 1.
Check this by clicking on the 'Settings..' button.
Ensure that the Range is set to 'Entire Project'. Click 'OK'




Enter the movie name - tutorial2.mov and click Save
Premiere will now produce the Movie.
The time taken for this can vary depending on a large number of factors
(including compression codec, keyframes, processor, etc etc)

When movie is complete it will appear as a clip - check it plays correctly

Close the Clip Window
Finally close Premiere and save the project.

Start up Quicktime and load in the movie - check it plays OK


Premiere - Tutorial 2                 Page 23

				
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