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How To Get Rid Of Blackheads, Whiteheads, And Other Forms of Acne


Suffering from acne and acne breakouts? Hate the pimples, blackheads and whiteheads that dot your face and other parts of your body? Stress no more. Read this report to learn more about why acne happens and what you can do about it right away!

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									   How To Get Rid Of Blackheads, Whiteheads,
           And Other Forms Of Acne
                                       by Audrey Roberts

Contrary to popular belief, acne doesnʼt just affect adolescents and teenagers. For some
people, acne persists into adulthood. It usually affects the face, but can also be found in other
parts of the body, such as the back and the upper arms. Men and women are equally

Ranging from mild to severe, acne can have grave consequences on oneʼs self confidence. In
a society where physical appearance is highly regarded, clear glowing skin is a much sought
after prize. Just open any magazine and youʼll see a multitude of product that promises to
help people achieve clear, youthful, glowing skin.

Most people who donʼt understand acne automatically associate it with poor hygiene or diet.
While a good skin care regimen is important, and eating a healthy balanced diet will really do
show on your skin, acne in most cases is usually caused by not knowing enough about oneʼs
skin and how to care for it. In some cases, our genes predispose us to acne - but with the
right regimen, even this can be overcome.

In this report, weʼll look at how you can effectively get rid of blackheads, whiteheads and other
forms of acne. At the end of this report, you should be able to:

1. Understand why blackheads, whiteheads and acne appear and multiply on our skin

2. Find out what factors can aggravate acne

3. Identify skin types that are susceptible to acne

4. Learn how to apply a basic regimen for treating and preventing acne
Why Acne Happens.

Our skin is the largest organ in our body. And since it is exposed to the elements, itʼs also the
one that is most susceptible to irritants. These irritants, reacting to the properties of our skin,
is the usual cause of acne.

To understand this better, letʼs take a look at the properties of our skin.

Our skin has many functions. Primarily, our skin offers a protective covering that shields our
body against pathogens. Itʼs the first line of defense against toxins and bacteria. Our skin also
functions to regulate body temperature. Through nerve endings that are found on our skin, we
can sense warmth, cold, pain, and other sensations which are important to our survival.

Our skin has three layers. The topmost layer is the epidermis. The epidermis functions to
keep bacteria out. It is further divided into 5 layers, with the bottom layer producing new skin
cells that gets pushed up to replace the dead skin cells on the topmost layer.

Beneath the epidermis, youʼll find the dermis. The dermis is where blood vessels are found.
The presence of blood vessels ensures that this layer of the skin receives the nourishment it
needs, and that wastes and toxins are removed regularly. In this layer, youʼll also find a
number of glands, such as the sebaceous glands (responsible for keeping the skin
moisturized and supple) and the sweat glands (responsible for sweating and regulating body

The bottom layer of our skin is called the hypodermis. This layer serves to attach the skin to
the bones and muscles of the body. This is also the layer where we find the fat layer that
provides insulation for our body.

Our skin has the natural ability to care for itself - to heal and to renew itself whenever
necessary. You see this when wounds heal and new skin is formed to replace dead skin cells.
You also see this in the way the skin produces oil to seal in moisture and prevent itself from
drying and being prone to breaks and cracking.

However, the characteristics of our skin is not uniform for everyone. Depending on our age,
race and gender, certain properties of our skin vary. In some cases these variations are
responsible for making us more susceptible to acne.

When it comes to acne, there are 3 skin categories to consider:

1. Dry Skin - This skin type is susceptible to whiteheads and blackheads. Dry skin is also
   more prone to wrinkling. However, it is less prone to pimples.

2. Normal Skin - These are the lucky ones. People with normal skin - or those with skin that
   are naturally balanced - are less prone to blackheads, whiteheads and pimples. They may
   get them occasionally when the natural balance of the skin is disturbed.
3. Oily Skin - The good news is, people with this skin type are less prone to wrinkling and
   other signs of aging. However, due to the overproduction of sebum on the skin, they are
   susceptible to whiteheads, blackheads and pimples.

All three types of acne - blackheads, whiteheads and pimples - are usually caused by a
disorder of the pilosebaceous gland. The pilosebaceous gland includes the sebaceous gland
that produces the oil or the sebum, the hair follicle and the pore where the oil finds its way out
onto the skin surface. In all three cases, there is a build up of sebum that clogs the pores.

What causes the overproduction of sebum can vary from person to person. Hereʼs a rundown
of some of them:

    • genes

    • hormones, like in the case of adolescents

    • certain medications

    • stress

    • the combination of humidity and tight clothing or impermeable clothing

    • dyes, oils and other chemicals found in products we apply to our skin

Now, all three types of acne start off the same way - as sebum that blocks the pores. What
happens after determines whether youʼll have a blackhead, a whitehead, or a pimple.


In the case of a whitehead, dead skin cells and oil secreted from the sebaceous glands mix
together inside the pore. Instead of being sloughed off, they plug the pore, preventing oil from
getting out. The pore itself has a very small opening, so the plug doesnʼt get exposed to the
environment, which means, it doesnʼt oxidize and it stays white in color.


Blackheads start out similarly as whiteheads. However, the pore that gets clogged with oil and
dead skin cells have bigger openings. They get exposed to air, and this causes the melanin
that is found in the dead skin cells to oxidize and turn a dark color.


In the case of pimples, the process usually starts out with bacteria that is normally present on
the skin. There are times when a follicle finds itself with an accumulation of these bacteria in
addition to the sebum and the dead skin cells. When this happens, our immune system
responds by calling in the white blood cells, which are responsible for fighting off infection.
What the white blood cells does is it breaks down the walls of the follicle. And this action
allows the oil and dead skin cells to penetrate the dermis - the second layer of the skin. The
result is the inflamed skin we call a pimple.

Cystic Pimples

Pimples are bad enough. But cystic pimples are even worse. Cystic pimples occur deeper in
the skin, is painful and firm to the touch and appears as a huge raised red bump on the skin.
Worse, it takes longer to heal and may leave deep acne scars on the skin.

Treatment and Prevention

Now that we know how various types of acne form on the skin and the factors that can make
some people more susceptible to it, weʼll now look at the basic treatments that you can apply
to treat these types of acne.

When it comes to treatments, the characteristics of oneʼs skin should always be taken into
consideration. This is because different skin types react to similar treatments differently. This
is the reason why some treatments work well with some people, but are not effective and may
even be harmful for other skin types.

When finding a solution that works best on your particular skin type, it helps to start with the
gentlest form of treatment. When it comes to acne treatments, no reaction is better than a
disastrous reaction. Start with the gentlest treatments and if those donʼt work, thatʼs when you
try stronger treatments.

Another thing that you can do is start making lifestyle changes that promote healthy and clear
skin. In many cases, lifestyle changes are sufficient to significantly improve acne. They are
definitely worth following if you would like to not only treat acne but make sure they donʼt

Some of the simple changes you can do include:

1. Avoid touching your face. Our hands come into contact with various objects that contain
   dirt. When our fingers touch our face, dirt transfers from our fingers to our face, and this
   can clog and seal off pores, trapping oil and causing acne to develop.

2. Exercise. Exercising is a great way to stay in shape and to keep our skin clear and healthy.
   This is because exercise helps our body regulate hormones and keep them from fluctuating
   too much. Exercise also causes us to sweat, which helps wash out dead skin cells, oil,
   bacteria and impurities from the pores onto the surface of the skin. After exercising, be sure
   to shower though. This is to make sure that the impurities that got pushed out onto the
   surface of the skin gets washed off of your skin. Otherwise, when you leave them there,
   thereʼs a good chance theyʼll clog your pores and cause acne.

3. Use non-comedogenic and dermatologist tested or approved skin care products. Check the
   cleansers, moisturizers, sunblocks and other skin care products that you apply on your skin
  and make sure that their labels clearly indicate that they are non-comedogenic and
  dermatologist approved. This is because some skin care products can also clog the pores
  and contribute to acne.

4. Never sleep with make up on. Be sure to remove make up before going to bed. Make up
   contains ingredients that can irritate the skin and cause break up. Aside from never
   sleeping with make up on, itʼs also good practice to give your skin a break and go without
   make up once in a while.

5. Relax. Stress can cause break outs. This is because stress affect the level of hormones in
   our body. Finding effective ways of coping with stress and relaxing once in a while can help
   restore balance and prevent acne break outs.

6. Get enough sleep. During sleep is when our body repairs and heals itself - this includes our
   skin. Getting sufficient sleep gives our body enough time to re-energize itself, heal itself of
   acne and make itself strong enough to resist future break outs.

7. Drink plenty of water. Water helps flush out toxins from our body. Toxins in our body can
   cause imbalances that leads to breakouts. Drinking 8 glasses of water can help make sure
   our body eliminates these wastes efficiently.

8. Avoid too much alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol overworks our liver, which in turn affects
   the quality of blood that circulates inside our body.

9. Do not smoke. Smoking is bad for your body and bad for your skin. One of its many effects
   on the body is that it triggers sebaceous glands to produce more oil, which can aggravate
   acne. It also makes hair follicles stiffer or more rigid, which in turn makes it more
   susceptible to being clogged.

10. Eat right. The way we eat, and what we eat both affect the quality of our skin. Eating right
  involves eating in the correct proportions and eating at the correct times. This means
  following the recommended portion sizes or serving sizes of the various food groups. It also
  means not overwhelming our bodyʼs metabolism by eating heavy meals. Instead, itʼs much
  better to eat lightly during meal times and then have a healthy snack in between meals.

  What we eat is also important. Foods that are bad for the body in general are likewise bad
  for the skin. For example, sweet, surgary food, fatty foods, food with high sodium content
  and food that is laden with chemical preservatives. This means foods that are generally
  good for the body will also do wonders for your skin. Having a lot of fruits and vegetables in
  your diet, and getting a good amount of vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E rich foods in
  your system can help you achieve and maintain clear skin.

Now, letʼs look at a basic and specific regimen you can use to treat each of the acne skin
problems weʼve discussed earlier.

When dealing with whiteheads, the first thing that I normally recommend is to use products
that are meant for your skin. Next, choose products that are oil-free. You donʼt want to add to
the oil that is naturally on your skin.

Products to use include: a mild facial cleanser, a toner and a moisturizer. Wash your face,
tone and moisturize at most two times a day. Twice a week, exfoliate your skin. This helps
remove dead skin cells on your skin, so they donʼt combine with sebum to clog their follicles.

There are medications and chemicals that are used for treating whiteheads. Letʼs look into
some of them:

1. Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide works by killing excess bacteria on the skin. It also alters the lining of the
follicle to keep it from closing on itself too much and in this manner, prevent whiteheads.

2. Salicylic Acid
Salicylic acid help reduce the amount of cells which is shed by the lining of the follicle. This
keeps the dead skin cells under control. At the same time, it can also help breakdown the oil
and dead skin cells that are clogging the pores, eliminating whiteheads.

3. Tretinoin

Tretinoin works a bit differently. What if first does is it opens up the pores, which exposes the
whiteheads to air, oxidizing melanin and turning it into a blackhead. It then causes the
material lodged in the pore to be released. Aside from this action, tretinoin also makes dead
skin cells less sticky, with less chance of getting stuck inside the hair follicle.

4. Linoleic Acid

Linoleic acid is a type of essentially fatty acid that makes sebum more viscous. This makes it
possible for sebum to do its job better - which is to coat and moisturize the skin. Thereʼs also
less chance of it getting stuck with dead skin cells and unable to escape to the surface of the


Awhile back, we talk about how whiteheads and blackheads are very similar. The main
difference is that the pore or the follicle that got clogged in the case of blackheads is bigger.
A bigger opening also makes them susceptible to getting clogged not just by dead skin cells
but also from dirt in the environment.

When choosing products for your skin, be sure to get products that are oil free. Just like with
treating whiteheads, you donʼt want to add excess oil that can end up clogging your pores and
follicles. Next, when choosing a facial cleanser, choose one thatʼs water soluble. This will
make sure that no residue is left behind which can clog pores.
After washing your face, always moisturize. Twice a week, exfoliate the skin to remove dead
skin cells. Choose an exfoliant that contains salicylic acid or alpha hydroxy acid which can
break down the oil and dead skin cells that forms the blackhead.

When washing your face, use warm water - as warm as you can tolerate. Using warm water
will help open up the pores, giving you an opportunity to wash away oil and dirt deposits
inside the pores, preventing more blackheads from forming.

When addressing blackheads, you can also use the medications and chemicals listed for
addressing whiteheads. Among those chemicals, tretinoin is one of the most commonly used
for treating blackheads. This is because tretinoin also helps to minimize the size of the pores,
which can help prevent future blackheads from forming.


For pimples, start off by making sure the products we use on your skin are oil free. Avoid hair
gels and hair sprays. When you sweat, chemicals in the hair gel can come into contact with
the skin on your face and clog pores. Likewise, hair sprays can land on your face and clog

Choose a mild facial cleanser that contains alpha hydroxy acids or beta hydroxy acids. After
washing the face, apply a moisturizer.

To get rid of pimples, you can try the same topical creams that you can use for blackheads
and whiteheads. For instance, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and retinoids. Another thing
that works really well is getting a dermatologist to formulate a gel or cream that you can use
and that is specific to your skin type.

For those with oily skin, using astringents can sometimes help. But again, this depends on
your skin type. For some people, applying astringents after washing their skin can irritate the
skin, while in others it can help reduce pimples.

Sometimes, despite all the creams and ointments that you apply, pimples still keep on coming
back. If this is the case, you might have to take antibiotics to treat the acne infection. Check
with a dermatologist if you intend to go this route.

While it is tempting to extract pimples to finally get rid of it, keep in mind that pimples, when
extracted improperly, can leave acne scars. Either get a professional to extract it for you or
make sure you do it properly.

Cystic Pimples

Cystic pimples are very tricky to treat. The best thing to do is to consult with a dermatologist.
You may be given an antibiotic to help address the infection and to control the growth of
bacteria. To get rid of cystic pimples quickly, a corticosteroid injection may be administered
directly on the pimple to kill the bacteria and reduce the swelling quickly.
One popular treatment for cystic pimples is called Accutane. This controversial treatment
comes with plenty of serious drawbacks. For example, it can cause rectal bleeding muscle
aches, nosebleeds, dry mouth, eyes and lips and impair liver function. It can also cause birth
defects in a fetus in a pregnant woman. Before undergoing this form of treatment, be sure to
talk to you dermatologist so that you are fully aware of the implications of taking this

Because of the side effects and the harshness associated with conventional treatments and
topical creams and ointments used to treat acne, a lot of people turn to more natural ways of
treating acne.

Whatever treatment you do decide for your specific pimple problem, remember to always
choose a treatment that is appropriate for your skin type.


Audrey Roberts is the author of the book “Clear Skin Magic: Zap Acne Away for Good!”. In
this book, she talks about how to go about identifying your skin type and choosing acne
treatments that match your skin type and particular acne problem. To know more about her
work, please visit:



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