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					BLEEDERS (Equine)

Also referred to as “EXERCISE INDUCED PULMONARY
HEMORRHAGE (EIPH)

What it is

    Simply referred to as a “bleeder” in the equine competition
world this condition occurs when a small cell (alveoli) ruptures
in the lung, usually when the horse is in vigorous exercise or
competition.
    The increased circulation feeding the rupture combined
with increased blood pressure and the rush of air (oxygen)
over the area makes the small blood leak in the tiny cell
expand and foam to a much larger size. This expansion causes
the efficiency of air flow in the lungs, and through the
windpipe, to be hindered causing distress and a sudden lack of
ability to breathe.
    Horses leading in races have actually been brought to a
complete stop and have been known to collapse from the
stress and the cut off of air (oxygen).
    When watching a horse running you might visually see
when the bleeding occurs. It will be running just fine then its
head will go straight into the air from the impact of air being
cut off. It will slow or stop almost immediately.
    When stopped the horse can have a cough while trying to
breathe.
    As a horse is allowed to settle down and its breathing
becomes more normal the condition will diminish for the time
being. After “cooling out” the animal may not indicate any
signs at all of having bled however one thing should almost
always be apparent. The presence of blood drainage in the
nostril and when the horse puts it head down it will drain a
large amount of blood to the ground.
    When a horse bleeds it also finds any type of swallowing
difficult and will cough frequently from the pooling of blood in
the air passage.

WHAT IS THE CAUSE?

    Very much left to professional opinions (which vary widely)
it is collectively believed to be influenced by factors such as
over exertion, being unfit, and the increase of blood pressure
during extreme stress.
    I attribute the biggest factor to be over exercised and unfit.
I feel many horses are not given enough time to develop
proper muscular, circulatory, and stress levels required for
competition.
    Trainers are often given a false sense of confidence
because a horse puts in a very good work or prep time once or
twice. This does not always mean they are fit and ready for
the true rigors of competition.
    Nutrition is a key factor for me. It is not just giving a good
protein feed, or supplements recommended by vets or
university studies. It is understanding that what you are
feeding the horse will help those areas vital to being a good
performer. YOU MUST FEED FOR RESPIRATION,
CIRCULATION, STAMINA, AND OVERALL BODY
MAINTENANCE.
    If you cannot find products to enhance these areas then
you are not doing right by the horse!
    Financial availability when working with a horse is a
contributor because the need to generate a profit in a short
period of time drives many owners and trainers to cut corners
in training. This is a major contributor to poor performance,
breakdowns, and “sour horses”.
    I also attribute poor maintenance of stalls and the lack of
good clean air circulating continuously as contributors. Having
to breathe foul air and the pollutants of unclean stalls is hard
on lungs and lung tissues. The continuous exposure can
actually contribute to weakened tissue in respiratory tract and
in the lungs.
    In order to understand the cause you would need to
understand the Respiratory System and the Circulatory System
which are both explained in the “ABOUT THE BODY” section of
my website (purehealthchoice.com).
    Horses are creatures of habit and are trained to exert
themselves at maximum levels. It gives all it has without
knowing the danger to itself.
    During this exertion of energy the blood pressure on
vessels increases, the circulation increases, the need for
oxygen increases to feed the muscles which are working at
peak performance level.
    If the pressure becomes too much a small cell (alveoli) in
the lung will rupture. This tiny cell will emit just a small bead
of blood, but the increased circulation and blood pressure
combined with the vast amount of intake and output of air
(oxygen) causes the blood bead to foam up many times its
size. As this occurs (and most likely as nearby cells also
rupture) the foam begins to infiltrate the air passage and will
actually block air from circulating causing a choking affect.
    The horse stops running because of sudden loss of oxygen
and of energy. It will appear to be labouring to breathe which
can be similar to hyperventilation.
   It is important when a horse suffers from EIPH to have a
professional vet “scope” the horse. A tube is inserted through
the air passage and into the lung with a camera to show the
severity of the damage.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

   As already discussed the major symptoms of Exercise
Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH) are as follows;
   1. Rupture of the small cells (alveoli) in the lungs causing
      blood to foam and cut off air supply.
   2. Blood drainage through the nostrils. Especially when it
      lowers its head.
   3. Coughing as though choking for air.
   4. Sudden stop of performance
   5. Inability to swallow until calmed down.
   6. Veins all over the body will be very pronounced.
   7. The animal can stagger as though unable to maintain
      balance

SUGGESTED SOLUTION

    Whether or not this condition can even really be treated is
one for endless debate. Many different views are presented
with fair argument of theory but I have yet to witness a “cut
and dry” solution.
    It is believed that lowering the blood pressure could help.
In this view the use of Furosemide (better understood as
LASIX) is accepted in many competition venues.
   I have used it but I have always had reservation about the
efficiency of its use and its acceptance level within the body.
    Also, if the horse has been on any medication programs
involving the use of some drugs the efficiency (or even the
ability) of Lasix to work could be hampered.
   In addition there is a slight chance that the utilization of
Lasix could have a negative influence on the kidneys.
    It is my contention that there is a more natural solution to
prevention and dealing with EIPH. THROUGH A GOOD
NUTRITION PROGRAM.
    Although I have used Lasix in my racing career I have also
experienced less of the need because of dietary supplements
which I have made myself.
    I have actually removed horses from a Lasix program
(usually if a horse is put on Lasix it must remain on it for the
duration of its racing career unless the racing officials give
you permission to remove the medication).
    The program I am outlining below has been used by me
with horses I have owned and trained. I feel the success rate
is present with this program and n the long run the
maintenance expense seems to be less.
    Patience is the key. If you expect an overnight turn around
then forget it! It will take time to “feed the body” the nutrition
it needs and then it will take time for the body’s defence and
immune systems to repair themselves.
    I will say that you can receive some signs of change in as
little as a week but the total affect takes a long time.
    Horses can train while doing this program and can even
compete since the ingredients are 100% food product.
    1. THE STALL. Should be spacious and very airy. Good
       clean air should flow through the barn via doors or open
       windows. Let the horse look out a window if there is one.
       Outside air is always fresher than inside air. The stall
       should be cleaned of any manure and urine piles as often
       as possible. The smell from these is very unpleasant to
       the lungs and to the passages connected to smell. Also
       the floor of the stall should remain open to let the air
       dissipate any spots and stains. DO NOT PUT LIME ON
       THE FLOOR OF A STALL!! If inhaled it will burn the
       respiratory passage. Cold air is good for the horse. Let it
       breathe fresh air as much as possible.
2. Make sure hay and straw (or other bedding material) is
   clean and free of dust. It is a general practice to wet hay
   down before feeding but if it is properly refined and
   stored it should be dust free and not need wetting. I have
always been cautious of dampened hay. I feel it is “colic
waiting to happen”. Wet straw will contribute to smells and
to the build up of mould which is severe on the respiratory
tract when inhaled.
3. Feed should be of proper protein content and any
   supplements added should be considered for content as
   well. Manufacturers make all sorts of feeds claiming
   “perfect for this type of horse, or that type” but I believe
   in the basics of years ago and not the new product
   blends on the market today. The additives discourage my
   use. When racing I used a 12% protein sweet feed and
   my own supplement MAXIMUM SUPPLEMENT which
   contains about every vitamin, mineral and nutritional
   need the horse may require. With better health results
   and a more natural diet.
4. I suggest the use of either EQUINE DAILY SUPPLEMENT
   or MAXIMUM SUPPLEMENT on a routine basis. With
   either of these products (although I prefer the latter) you
   will get a complete natural nutritional supplement which
   will help you horse in so many ways. It contains
   ingredients which will help the body to produce healing
   and stronger tissues in the lungs. Will help to strengthen
   vessels and veins and enrich the blood to be healthier
   and more able to carry oxygen to the various parts of the
   body.
5. Breathing during exercise can be effectively helped with
   the use of another of my products PICKUP 1
   CONDITIONER. This is a very good juice which is given
   orally each morning and prior to any exercise or
   competition. I is good fro energy and for breathing. The
   contents help to warm the blood and strengthen vessels
   and veins when in use.
  6. Training should become slow, long, and continuous. If
     the horse has an actual bleeding episode it should do
     nothing more than walk for seven days and then get back
     into a very slow and patient training program. During this
     time the products suggested should be utilized according
     to instructions. Training should pickup in intensity in
     seven day intervals so that by thirty days it is going as
     before the incident. DO NOT USE A TONGUE TIE DURING
     THIS PROCESS. The key is not to get the horse overly
     excited during training. The tongue tie sends a
     competitive message to the horse. We do not want that.
  7. If there is trouble getting the horse to relax during stall
     time and/or training then I offer another natural product
     to assist in this case. It is called “EAZY DUZ IT!!!! . It is a
     very good and all natural calming solution. It does not
     drug the horse. Just helps calm the nerves.

    As you can see there is a lot to a horse with bleeding
problems but with a good and patient program the problem can
be worked with. To guarantee 100% percent success is
impossible but I am confident that (horse per horse) results
can be achieved.
    Once you have started with this program please stick with
it. At least for thirty days and remember that if the problem
seems like it is solved and you will not need the program
anymore THINK AGAIN!! The product will help the lungs as
long as it is used. Stop when you like but the condition can
recur.
PROGRAM:
                 EQUINE DAILY SUPPLEMENT
                              OR
             MAXIMUM SUPPLEMENT (preferred)
      First five days will be 4 ounces two times per day mixed
into feed. Hot mash preferred. After that just three ounces
twice per day every day is suggested.

                PICKUP 1 CONDITIONER
   Six ounces every morning after feeding. Four more ounces
before a workout, or exercise of any sort, four ounces prior to
race.
                   EAZYDUZIT!!!!
   Four ounces before exercise or workout. Can be given prior
to race.

				
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posted:6/27/2010
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Description: BLEEDERS Equine foam