Verbs and Their Forms by wantyou

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									Verbs and Their Forms

 University Learning Center
     PC 247 / AC I 160

   Developed by Jasveen Bhasin and Jeniffer Viscarra
    Verbs and Their Forms
    Linking Verbs            Action Verbs

   Transitive Verbs       Intransitive Verbs

Verbs in Passive Voice   Verbs in Active Voice

     Verb Tense                Verbals
What Is and What Does?
 When students think of verbs, many
 immediately think of action. It is true that
 some verbs convey action, but not all of
 them do. Some indicate condition or
 state of being, while others convey both
 action and condition, depending on the
 context that those verbs are in.
Linking Verbs (To Be)
                      Linking verbs indicate
                      condition or state of being.
                      You can seem reserved, feel
                      scared, smell like a rose, or
                      you can be sick. All these
                      verbs indicate condition or
The dentist’s chair   state of being, not action.
looks comfortable
Action Verbs (To Do)
Action verbs convey
action. In order to perform
an action you must do
something, not be
something. To love, to cry,
to jump, to sing, and to ski
are verbs that indicate
action, not condition.
     Kinds of Action Verbs:
      (transitive / intransitive)
Transitive: need a direct object.
Example: Janice bought a jacket.

Intransitive: do not need a direct
                object.
Example: Janice danced.
 Writing Passively:
 A Conciseness Issue
Passive verbs allow for the subject to be
acted upon and often contribute to
wordiness.

Example:
The picture was drawn by Joseph.

In this case, the drawing is the subject and it
is being acted upon by Joseph.
       Writing Actively:
     The Academic Choice
With active verbs, the subject performs the
action, which usually leads to more concise
sentences.
Example:
Joseph drew a picture.

Joseph is the subject and he is doing
something (drawing). Let your subjects do
the actions!
Did Do Not Mix Your Tenses!
In some languages there is no
specific way to distinguish between
various verb tenses. In English,
however, there are specific tenses
to indicate present, past, and future
actions.
         Living in the Present
Simple Present:                Present Progressive
I talk                         I am talking
Occurs on a regular basis.     Continuous action in the
                               present.
Present Perfect                Present Perfect Progressive
I have talked                  I have been talking
Occurred in the past but not   Continuous action that started
necessarily only once.         in the past.
               Living in the Past
Simple Past                         Past Progressive
I talked                            I was talking
Occurred once in the past.          Continuous action in the past.


Past Perfect                        Past Perfect Progressive
I had talked                        I had been talking
Occurred in the past and had        Recurred in the past but has
an effect until a specified time.   now ended.
            Living in the Future
Simple Future                   Future Progressive
I will talk                     I will be talking
Is yet to occur.                Will be ongoing in the future.

Future Perfect                  Future Perfect Progressive
I will have talked              I will have been talking
Will occur before a specified   Is ongoing but will be
time.                           completed at a specified time.
   Verbs…But Not Quite
There are some words that look like
verbs but are not. They are forms
of verbs, but they perform different
functions. Such words are known
as verbals. Gerunds and Participles
are verbals.
I Like Using Gerunds
                  Gerunds are verbals that act as
                  nouns, which means they can either
                  be subjects or objects.

                  Examples
                  Fighting causes stress.
                  The gerund fighting acts as a
                  subject. The verb is causes.
I hate fighting.
The gerund fighting acts as an object. The only
verb here is hate.
Participles
Participles can be seen as the
main part of a pair of verbs.
Example:
I am holding the ball.

The word am is the auxiliary verb and holding is the
main verb.

You cannot simply say I holding because participles are not
considered actual verbs. Adding the am will make it a
complete verb.
 More on Amazing Participles!
 Participles can also function as adjectives.

                 Example:
                 Look at the scared rabbit.

                 The word scared is a past participle.
                 Past participles end in –ed, unless
                 they come from irregular verbs.
                 Present participles end in –ing.

Example: The magician hid the sparkling diamond.
Summary
 Linking verbs convey condition or state of being
 Action verbs convey action (trans / intransitive)
 Use of verbs determines active/passive voice
 Do not mix tenses. (Present/Past/Future)
 Do not confuse gerunds and participles as verbs
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