Ageing in space Transport, Access and Urban Form

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					        Ageing in space:
Transport, Access and Urban Form

           Professor Mike Berry
  AHURI research Centre at RMIT University
         (email: mike.berry@rmit.edu.au)


           Longevity Symposium
            27 November 2007
                            Outline
             • It‟s Mobility, Stupid
             • Travel Behaviour of the Aged
             • The Age of „Automobility‟
             • Policy Implications



RMIT University                Slide 2
    The idea of a „mobility career‟




RMIT University   Slide 3
                    Overcoming the Barriers

                  • Technologies
                  • Family and community supports
                  • Policy
                  • The market



RMIT University                    Slide 4
      Mobility and Access

                  NOT perfect partners




RMIT University         Slide 5
                  Mobility WITHOUT Access
             • Psychological benefits of „getting out
                  and about‟
             • Exercise of body and mind
             • „Option value‟



RMIT University                 Slide 6
                  Travel Behaviour of the Aged

      • Car dependence falls with age
      • Car dependence varies inversely with
        residential density
      • Public transport use varies inversely with
        number of licensed drivers in the
        household

RMIT University               Slide 7
                  Melbourne VATS study
    • older people use public transport and walk
      more than younger cohorts
    • The average number of trips per days falls
      from middle aged, especially for women
    • Women over 65 were more likely than men to
      take public transport and more likely to be car
      passengers rather than drivers
    • Older Melbournians show a pronounce
      preference for morning over evening travel

RMIT University           Slide 8
                  The Age of ‘Automobility’

    “In the next two decades almost 100% of
      older men and between 60-90% of older
      women in the developed countries will
      enter retirement years as car drivers”
           (Rosenbloom, 2001, p. 376; italics in the
           original)



RMIT University                Slide 9
                        The Drivers
       •      Aspirations
       •      A managed transition to full retirement
       •      Healthy Ageing
       •      Wealth
       •      Consumerism
       •      Marginalisation of „the transport poor‟


RMIT University               Slide 10
                       Policy Implications
       “Providing for the ongoing safe mobility of
         ageing baby boomers will require active
         planning and a re-thinking of strategies,
         policies and provision of services in
         order to support their continued health
         and well-being into and beyond
         retirement”
             (OECD, 2001, p.3)



RMIT University                  Slide 11
                  The Broad Policy Challenges

    • The need to ensure the safety of older
      people as they travel
    • Meeting the needs of people when they
      stop driving
    • Dealing with the negative environmental
      consequences of car-dominated cities


RMIT University              Slide 12
                        The OECD Directives
         •        Enabling „lifelong mobility‟
         •        Supporting older people to drive safely longer
         •        Provision of alternatives to the motor car
         •        Safer cars
         •        Safer roads and infrastructure
         •        Better land-use planning practices
         •        Involvement of older people in transport policy
         •        Community educational programs


RMIT University                     Slide 13

				
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