In 1872 a Buckinghamshire teacher protested that he was "the parson's fag, the squire's doormat, church scraper, professional singer, sub-curate, land surveyor, drt master, club collector, parish clerk, ietter writer, librarian, washerwoman's target, organist, choirmaster, and youth's instructor" (60). After 1 870, with the creation of school boards by the state to provide public education wherever the churches had failed to supply it, the clergy of the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church played prominent parts, especially in the countryside, in order to defend their own denominational interests against the upstart educational institutions.
'A Victorian Class Conflict?': Schoolteaching and the Parson, Priest and Mini... D W Bebbington Church History; Dec 2009; 78, 4; Docstoc pg. 913
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