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Briefs - PDF


The meeting looked at existing national and international approaches to assessing the health and environmental impacts of proposed new biobased products, including biobased chemicals, biobased plastics, enzymes, biobased materials, and biofuels. *** AMC Technical Briefs, a resource provided by the UK's Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), covers innovations and contemporary technical issues in analytical science.

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									  Briefs                                                                                     inform December 2009, Vol. 20 (12) 753

  ILSI (International Life Science Insti-
  tute) Europe has released a draft
  report on 3-MCPD (3-monochloro-
                                                      News & Noteworthy
  propane-1,2-diol) esters in food. The
  report summarizes the ILSI Europe
  workshop held in February 2009 in
  Brussels, Belgium, commissioned
  by the ILSI Europe Process-Related
  Compounds and Natural Toxins Task
  Force and Risk Assessment of Chemi-
  cals in Food Task Force in association
  with the European Commission and
  the European Food Safety Authority.
  The report is available at www.ilsi.
  eReportMCPDEsters7Se09-1.pdf. A
  resource page about the issue of chlo-
  roesters in foods is available at www.
  Presentations from an OECD (Organ-
  isation for Economic Cooperation
  and Development) workshop held
  in August 2009 on the sustainability
  of biobased products are now avail-

  able at https://www.oecd.org/docum
  7128_1_1_1_1,00.html. The meeting
  looked at existing national and inter-
  national approaches to assessing the
                                                      SDA soy achieves                             of a Δ15 desaturase with temporal expres-
                                                                                                   sion similar to the Δ6 desaturase increases
  health and environmental impacts of
  proposed new biobased products,
                                                      GRAS status                                  the flux of ALA [α-linolenic acid] to SDA.
                                                                                                   The Δ15 desaturase also lowers LA levels,
                                                      Monsanto Co.’s biotech high-stearidonic      thus lowering the substrate pool for GLA
  including biobased chemicals, biobased                                                           production. Compositional data on several
                                                      acid (SDA) soy oil has achieved GRAS
  plastics, enzymes, biobased materials,                                                           lots of SDA soybean oil support the opinion
                                                      (Generally Recognized as Safe) status from
  and biofuels.                                                                                    that the phenotype is stable over several
                                                      the US Food and Drug Administration.
                     nnn                                                                           generations.”
                                                           Monsanto (St. Louis, Missouri, USA)
  AMC Technical Briefs, a resource pro-               made the announcement in November in               The fatty acid composition of the
  vided by the UK’s Royal Society of                  tandem with Solae LLC (St. Louis, USA),      SDA oil is “significantly different” from
  Chemistry (RSC), covers innovations                 which will develop and market the oil.       conventional soybean oil, Monsanto said.
  and contemporary technical issues in                Solae’s majority owner is DuPont and its     SDA soybean oil contains 15 to 30% SDA
  analytical science. Designed for use                minority owner is Bunge Ltd. Bunge also      (18:4n-3), which is not present in conven-
  by analytical practitioners and those               has a joint venture with Pioneer Seed,       tional soybean oil; 5 to 8% GLA (18:3n-6),
  commissioning and then using analyti-               which is owned by DuPont, to market new      which also is not present in conventional
  cal data, each brief is a one-page docu-            biotech-derived soy oils.                    soybean oil; and slightly higher levels of
  ment dealing with a single topic. The                    “The production of SDA in soybean       ALA (18:3n-3) and palmitic acid (16:0)
  briefs are produced by the RSC’s Ana-               MON 87769 involves the introduction of       than in conventional soybean oil. It also
  lytical Methods Committee (AMC),                    two desaturase genes that encode for the     contains lower levels of oleic acid (18:1)
  which has been active in matters of                 proteins Primula juliae Δ6 desaturase and    and linoleic acid (18:2) than those present
  analytical data quality since the 1930s.            Neurospora crassa Δ15 desaturase,” Mon-      in conventional soybean oil.
                                                      santo said in its GRAS submission. “Soy-           Now that the oil has achieved GRAS
  More than 40 briefs are available, free
                                                      beans lack Δ6 desaturase and the minimal     status, it can be used in a long list of foods
  of charge, at www.rsc.org/amc.
                                                      requirement for production of SDA in soy-    and beverages including baked goods and
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