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The meeting looked at existing national and international approaches to assessing the health and environmental impacts of proposed new biobased products, including biobased chemicals, biobased plastics, enzymes, biobased materials, and biofuels. *** AMC Technical Briefs, a resource provided by the UK's Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), covers innovations and contemporary technical issues in analytical science.
Briefs inform December 2009, Vol. 20 (12) 753 ILSI (International Life Science Insti- tute) Europe has released a draft report on 3-MCPD (3-monochloro- News & Noteworthy propane-1,2-diol) esters in food. The report summarizes the ILSI Europe workshop held in February 2009 in Brussels, Belgium, commissioned by the ILSI Europe Process-Related Compounds and Natural Toxins Task Force and Risk Assessment of Chemi- cals in Food Task Force in association with the European Commission and the European Food Safety Authority. The report is available at www.ilsi. org/Europe/Publications/ILSIEurop- eReportMCPDEsters7Se09-1.pdf. A resource page about the issue of chlo- roesters in foods is available at www. aocs.org/tech/3-mcpd.cfm. nnn Presentations from an OECD (Organ- isation for Economic Cooperation and Development) workshop held in August 2009 on the sustainability of biobased products are now avail- Cognis able at https://www.oecd.org/docum ent/40/0,3343,en_2649_34537_4345 7128_1_1_1_1,00.html. The meeting looked at existing national and inter- national approaches to assessing the SDA soy achieves of a Δ15 desaturase with temporal expres- sion similar to the Δ6 desaturase increases health and environmental impacts of proposed new biobased products, GRAS status the flux of ALA [α-linolenic acid] to SDA. The Δ15 desaturase also lowers LA levels, Monsanto Co.’s biotech high-stearidonic thus lowering the substrate pool for GLA including biobased chemicals, biobased production. Compositional data on several acid (SDA) soy oil has achieved GRAS plastics, enzymes, biobased materials, lots of SDA soybean oil support the opinion (Generally Recognized as Safe) status from and biofuels. that the phenotype is stable over several the US Food and Drug Administration. nnn generations.” Monsanto (St. Louis, Missouri, USA) AMC Technical Briefs, a resource pro- made the announcement in November in The fatty acid composition of the vided by the UK’s Royal Society of tandem with Solae LLC (St. Louis, USA), SDA oil is “significantly different” from Chemistry (RSC), covers innovations which will develop and market the oil. conventional soybean oil, Monsanto said. and contemporary technical issues in Solae’s majority owner is DuPont and its SDA soybean oil contains 15 to 30% SDA analytical science. Designed for use minority owner is Bunge Ltd. Bunge also (18:4n-3), which is not present in conven- by analytical practitioners and those has a joint venture with Pioneer Seed, tional soybean oil; 5 to 8% GLA (18:3n-6), commissioning and then using analyti- which is owned by DuPont, to market new which also is not present in conventional cal data, each brief is a one-page docu- biotech-derived soy oils. soybean oil; and slightly higher levels of ment dealing with a single topic. The “The production of SDA in soybean ALA (18:3n-3) and palmitic acid (16:0) briefs are produced by the RSC’s Ana- MON 87769 involves the introduction of than in conventional soybean oil. It also lytical Methods Committee (AMC), two desaturase genes that encode for the contains lower levels of oleic acid (18:1) which has been active in matters of proteins Primula juliae Δ6 desaturase and and linoleic acid (18:2) than those present analytical data quality since the 1930s. Neurospora crassa Δ15 desaturase,” Mon- in conventional soybean oil. santo said in its GRAS submission. “Soy- Now that the oil has achieved GRAS More than 40 briefs are available, free beans lack Δ6 desaturase and the minimal status, it can be used in a long list of foods of charge, at www.rsc.org/amc. requirement for production of SDA in soy- and beverages including baked goods and nnn bean
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