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Too few fish in the sea                        mate change legislation to reduce green-
                                               house gas emissions.
                                                                                             benefits. We’ve harvested fish and ex-
                                                                                             tracted oil. We’ve hidden away our waste
Carl Safina’s review of how traditional           All of these activities affect the ocean   and pollution, pumping or dumping it
fisheries management strategies have           and its inhabitants, and all of these         offshore and out of sight. But the ocean’s
failed both the fish and the fishermen         activities affect one another. As we          bounty isn’t infinite, nor is its capacity
is right on target, as are his recom-          begin to move toward more integrated          to absorb our refuse. The time has
mendations for new management strate-          systems for managing fisheries, we            finally come for us to recognize these
gies (“A Future for U.S. Fisheries,” Issues,   must recognize the broader ocean and          truths and take action: We must learn
Summer 2009). But I encourage all of           global ecosystem—including humans—            to use the ocean in a sustainable way.
us who think about the ocean to expand         and integrate it as well.                         The ocean is the single largest nat-
our thinking: Fishing isn’t the only              Toward that end, I have been work-         ural resource on the planet and is crit-
activity that affects fish, and the National   ing for nearly a decade in Congress on        ical to the habitability of our planet.
Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) isn’t         a piece of legislation: Oceans-21. It         It’s not just our fisheries that are at
the only agency with jurisdiction over         establishes a national ocean policy for       risk, but our very future.
the ocean.                                     the United States. It creates a gover-        REP. SAM FARR
    Traditional fisheries management           nance system based on the notion that         Democrat of California
has focused explicitly on fish, with           the multiagency approach we currently         Co-chair of the House Oceans Caucus
plans addressing single species or groups      employ must be streamlined so we can
of similar species. Traditional governance     continue to enjoy the many benefits
of resources has similarly focused on          the ocean provides us.                        Food for all
individual resources, ceding manage-              For too long we have reaped those          In “Abolishing Hunger” (Issues, Summer
ment of different resources to different                                                     2009), Ismail Serageldin presents a
agencies: fish to NMFS, oil to the Min-                                                      cohesive argument for action to abol-
erals Management Service, navigation                                                         ish hunger while ensuring sustainable
to the Coast Guard. But increasingly,                                                        management of natural resources. I
science is showing us that these seem-                                                       agree with the action he proposes, but
ingly disparate resources are delicately                                                     I am concerned that such act
Description: [...] the majority of African farmers cannot even produce enough to feed their own families. NSF has done this through several mechanisms, including the increasing importance it has placed on centers, such as the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers that are the centerpiece of its involvement in the National Nanotechnology Initiative (full disclosure: I direct one such center); its commitment, however partially realized, to evaluating all peer-reviewed proposals according to a "broader impacts" criterion as well as an "intellectual merit" criterion; and its support (again, contrary to its initial Bushian conception) of a robust set of research programs in the social sciences, in particular in the ethics, values, and social and policy studies of science and technology.
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