Despite the national Click-It-or-Ticket program coming to an end, local and national law enforcement continue to look for drivers not wearing seatbelts. Laws vary greatly between different states, but overall trends indicate that stronger seatbelt enforcement results in fewer fatalities, with stricter laws resulting in more drastic decreases in deaths. Currently, 29 states have primary seatbelt laws and 20 states have secondary laws. The national average for seatbelt usage among drivers is currently at 83%, up from 81% in 2006. The Click-It-or-Ticket program has been more successful at night and with a younger age group, particularly teenagers.
requirements have been eliminated and Laws vary greatly between different replaced with two basic eligibility criteria: states, but overall trends indicate that •A B.A. in any discipline, or a current stronger seatbelt enforcement results in Industry state license as a registered nurse with a fewer fatalities, with stricter laws result- Notescontinued minimum of an associate’s degree in nursing. Because the field is multifaceted, ing in more drastic decreases in deaths. “Wearing a seatbelt costs nothing and from page 21 no one degree program exists that covers yet it’s the single most effective traffic employer-based disability management. safety device ever invented,” says teach at the collegiate level for 3 years •A minimum of 12 months of accept- Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. after completing their degree. able full-time employment, providing Currently, 29 states have primary seat- Application deadline is Dec. 1, 2009. direct disability management services to belt laws and 20 states have secondary For more information, visit www.asse individuals with disabilities and/or who laws. Only New Hampshire has neither. .org/foundation/pro_grants/phd-fel receive benefits from a disability manage- The difference between a primary and lowship.php. ment system. Only full-time, paid employ- secondary law is that an officer can pull PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ment at a minimum of 37 hours a week is a driver over for a primary law and acceptable. Also, a minimum of 60% of a issue a fine. Secondary laws require the New Criteria for Certified person’s time must be in two of three job person to be pulled over for a different Disability Management function areas or domains (disability case reason, such as speeding, before being Specialist Exam management, disability prevention and ticketed for a seatbelt infraction. Fines The eligibility criteria for those wanting to workplace intervention, or program man- and technicalities between states differ, take the Certified Disability Management agement, development and evaluation). but the overall results are the same. Specialist certification exam have been For complete information on eligibili- According to data from the Fatality revised by Certification of Disability ty criteria, visit www.cdms.org. Analysis Reporting System, fatalities per Management Specialists Commission. The million vehicle miles have decreased by new criteria reflect the latest trends in dis- ROAD SAFETY 21% from 1994 to 2007 over all states. ability management, including wider pro- From 2006 to 2007, traffic fatalities fessional diversity among those practicing Seatbelt Enforcement decreased by 4% across the country. But in the field and a strong emphasis on Results in Fewer Deaths, states with primary laws tend to have employment experience to develop the Data Shows much lower rates, partially because of n
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