VIEWS: 52 PAGES: 12 CATEGORY: Computers POSTED ON: 6/25/2010
Some experts contradict themselves. For instance, in 2002 [Dan Verton] warned that a cyberattack was exaggerated and that China and al-Qaida did not have the ability to attack and harm the U.S. infrastructure ("Warning on Cyberattack 'Exaggerated,'" Computerworld, May 6, 2002) .
Information Warfare Warfare Part 1, What You Need to Know Tokyo Rose Date: August 14, 1944, 8:30 p.m. Location: South Pacific Event: The “Zero Hour,” an English-language Japanese broadcast of war news, popular American music, and Japanese propaganda, is broadcast to the Allied Forces. The familiar voice of “Tokyo Rose” is heard over the radio waves. “Hello you fighting orphans in the Pacific. How’s tricks? This is ‘After her weekend, and oooh, back on the air, strictly under union hours.’ Reception okay? Why, it better be, because this is All-Requests night. And I’ve got a pretty nice program for my favorite little family, the wandering boneheads of the Pacific Islands. The first request is made by none other than the boss. And guess what? He wants Bonnie Baker in ‘My Resistance is Low.’ My, what taste you have, sir, she says” [http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5140]. T he persona of “Tokyo Rose” is a well-known example of For additional Supplemental Content to this print article, information warfare (IW) from World War II. This prop- go to the http://www.infotoday.com/searcher website. The supplements for this article are summarized below. aganda scheme by the Japanese government was not very effective at dissuading American troops. Troops looked for- ❚ Chronology “Chronology: National Infrastructure Protection” provides ward to the nightly broadcasts in the hope of hearing their a timeline starting with the establishment in 1963 of the favorite American music. Other similar propaganda schemes National Communications System and going up to the July 2009 development of a cyber Neighborhood Watch begun include Axis Sally, Hanoi Hannah, and even Hanoi Jane. How by the U.S. Department of Energy. has information warfare changed in the decades since Tokyo Rose? While propaganda campaigns still occur, networks, com- ❚ Bibliography This extensive bibliography presents more than 250 puters, and their increasing interaction within various infra- references from the print article. structures occur much more frequently. In an interesting historical note, Iva Toguri D’Aquino was believed to be one of the many voices broadcast to Allied Troops during World War II, voices that were collectively known as by Tokyo Rose. A Japanese-American woman, she was tried and Deborah A. Liptak convicted of treason in 1949 and served 6 years in prison. She President passed away on Sept. 26, 2006, at the age of 90. info2go www.infotoday.com/searcher October 2009 21 Information Warfare The Information Age As citizens of the 21st century, we live in the Information Age. Before we can talk intelligently about information warfare, We swim in information. We are overloaded by information. Our we should define exactly what we mean by the term informa- lives revolve around information. Our livelihoods depend on tion in this context. Information is defined by the United States information. Information exists at the core of all existence. Bio- Department of Defense as “data, or instructions in any medium logical and social systems have information at their core, and or form, or the meaning that a human assigns to data by means their motion, behavior, and evolution all revolve around infor- of the known conventions used in their representation.” mation processing [http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc? From the ringing alarm clock at the beginning of our day to AD=ADA449966&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf]. late night news and entertainment, information about our world Following World War
Pages to are hidden for
"Information Warfare"Please download to view full document