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Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal Copyright © 2009 Romanian Association for Cognitive Science. All rights reserved. ISSN: 1224-8398 Volume XIII, No. 3 (September), 341-362 CLIMATE CONNECTED TO ASSESSMENT IN SECONDARY EDUCATION Elena COCORADĂ , Aurel Ion CLINCIU * Department of Psychology, Transilvania University, Brasov, Romania ABSTRACT This paper explores the concept of school climate and develops a theoretical framework for a new concept - school climate connected to assessment - and its assigned instrument - QSCCA (Questionnaire of School Climate Connected to Assessment). Firstly, we describe the concept of organizational school climate and several instruments used to assess it. Secondly, we develop a framework, analyze a new concept of school climate connected to assessment and present our instrument. Finally, we focus the analysis and discussion on the results obtained with the help of QSCCA and other psychological instruments. Psychometric properties of QSCCA were assessed in different high schools. Our results may be used to measure and improve the quality of school life and learning. KEYWORDS: school climate, assessment, microviolence, psychometric qualities. Schools have certain particularities which make them fundamentally different from other organizations: youth and adults work together, but although the young are in a majority, the adults hold the power in terms of knowledge, organization, assessment, and decision (Mialaret, 1991). The young are given daily assessments from significant persons – their teachers and their mates (Jorro, 2000) and carry out compulsory activities in certain groups, being a “captive public” especially in compulsory education. * Corresponding author: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 342 E. Cocoradă, A. I. Clinciu Organizational school climate The complex concept of school climate is subordinated to the concept of organizational climate which has been used in a vague way and with numerous definitions. In accordance with an older meaning, climate is a measure of some objective and relatively stable attributes which differentiate organizations ones from others and which influence their members’ behaviors: the size, physical environment, hierarchic levels, objectives, management styles, all these being in connection with productivity/ effectiveness or absenteeism (Forehand & Gilmer, 1964, as cited in Brunet, 1983). The most frequent criticism of the definition arises from removing the problem of perception which is essential in the social background (Lewin, 1947) and from the fact that the
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